A.C. Baxter crew 5.9.44

05/09/1944 – Attack Against Le Havre
Eighteen aircraft were standing by to attack Dortmund, but this operation was postponed and twenty five aircraft took off to attack Le Havre in favourable weather. Opposition was negligible and a very successful raid was carried out, without loss. Most of the bombing was done visually. Reports indicate that the target was well saturated.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:33 – Landed 21:19
Flight Time 03:46

06/09/1944 – Attack Against Harqueboc Le Havre
Twenty four aircraft were detailed to attack the German Army Headquarters at Harqueboc, near Le Havre. All aircraft bombed the target according to the Master Bomber’s instructions and a very accurate raid was reported. Fires were seen to be still burning from the previous day’s attack on Le Havre. Once again no opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:59 – Landed 19:52
Flight Time 03:53

08/09/1944 – Attack Against Doudenville
Twenty three aircraft took off at dawn to attack enemy defence positions at Doudeneville on the outskirts of Le Havre. Weather conditions were very unfavourable over the target and crews had great difficulty in seeing the markers. Only ten dropped their bombs before the Master Bomber gave instructions to abandon the mission. The remaining thirteen aircraft brought their bombs back to base. Considerable light A.A. fire and machine gun fire was encountered in the target area.

Lancaster Mk.I LM266 AA-A “The Seven Sinners”

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 06:28 – Landed 09:15
Flight Time 02:47

10/09/1944 – Attack Against Montivilliers
Twenty seven aircraft attacked Montivilliers in the Le Havre area, as detailed. All crews dropped their bombs on the target and a very concentrated raid developed. No fighters were encountered and only slight opposition was met from ground defences.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K
Listed as PB420 in Form 541, but confirmed as PB421 via John Talbot Chapman’s logbook for this Op

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:17 – Landed 19:14
Flight Time 03:57

11/09/1944 – Attack Against Kamen
Fifteen aircraft were detailed to attack Kamen Oil Refinery. Weather conditions were favourable and some crews were able to bomb visually, under the Master Bomber’s instructions. Clouds of black smoke rising to 15,000 ft. was reported and a very successful raid ensued. Opposition from slight but accurate heavy A.A. fire was met from the defences. No enemy fighters were encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K
PB421 ‘K’ hit once by flak

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:59 – Landed 20:26
Flight Time 04:27

12/09/1944 – Attack Against Frankfurt
Twenty two aircraft were detailed to attack Stuttgart, but during the day the target was changed to Frankfurt. Two aircraft failed to take off for this operation and of the twenty that took off the majority were able to identify the target, by the river and several made out the railway yards. Fighters were fairly active and one aircraft claimed to have destroyed an enemy aircraft, the captain was AUS421308 .F/O. J. Bateman. Another aircraft had an inconclusive encounter. All aircraft returned to base and reported a good and accurate raid.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:43 – Landed 01:20
Flight Time 06:37

16/09/1944 – Attack Against Moerdijk
Twelve aircraft were detailed to attack Moerdijk Bridge. The operation was successfully carried out in good weather. No opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 00:15
Flight Time 02:35

17/09/1944 – Attack Against Emmerich
In the evening ten aircraft took off and attacked Emmerich. All of these dropped their bombs as ordered. Much accurate Light A A Fire was encountered. All aircraft returned safely to Base.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:24 – Landed 22:31
Flight Time 03:07

20/09/1944 – Attack Against Calais
Twenty seven aircraft set out as detailed to attack enemy strong points at Calais. They all successfully bombed the target from a low level and an accurate and concentrated raid was reported. Opposition was very slight.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421(duplicated in ORB) AA-K
One of two aircraft attributed on this op as PB421. Confirmed as PB421 via John Talbot Chapman’s logbook for this Op

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 14:44 – Landed 17:32
Flight Time 02:48

23/09/1944 – Attack Against Neuss
Twenty six aircraft took off as detailed to attack the Marshalling Yards at Neuss. The target was obscured by ten tenths cloud with tops of 11,000 ft. Most crews bombed below cloud, some explosions and flashes were seen, but results were difficult to assess. One aircraft returned early through the complete failure of the electrical system and a further aircraft bombed the target, but owing to a technical failure, landed at Woodbridge on return. Moderate but inaccurate A.A. Fire was met over the target.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:34 – Landed 23:50
Flight Time 04:16

25/09/1944 – Attack Against Calais
Twenty seven aircraft took off as detailed to carry out an early morning attack on Calais. They all reached the target and found that ten tenths cloud with 2,000 feet tops and less than 1,000 feet base obscured it. The operation, therefore, had to be abandoned.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:29 – Landed 11:57
Flight Time 03:28

04/10/1944 – Mining in the Kattegat Area
Five aircraft took off to lay mines in the Kattegat area. They all successfully dropped their mines in the allotted area in good weather. Apart from a little AA fire encountered from Flak ships all crews had an uneventful trip.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:51 – Landed 00:24
Flight Time 07:33

06/10/1944 – Attack Against Dortmund
Twenty nine aircraft were detailed to attack Dortmund, but one of these was withdrawn owing to a technical failure. Twenty six aircraft attacked the target in good weather and a very accurate and concentrated raid was reported, large fires being left burning. A.A. Fire was moderate but fighters were active and the aircraft captained by NZ427798 F/S Farr, W. had a series of combats during which the enemy aircraft was claimed as being destroyed. One aircraft returned early and landed at Woodbridge owing to a technical failure and another (Captain NZ411048 F/O K. Southward) failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.III PB418 AA-C

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:21 – Landed 22:20
Flight Time 05:59

07/10/1944 – Attack Against Emmerich
Twenty six aircraft took off as detailed to attack Emmerich in support of the advancing Allied armies. They all bombed the target successfully and a concentrated and accurate raid was reported, the target area being entirely covered with smoke. Moderate heavy A A fire was encountered and a few of our aircraft suffered minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.III PB418 AA-C

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:05 – Landed 16:00
Flight Time 03:55

14/10/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg
Thirty one aircraft took off at dawn to attack Duisburg. Except for one aircraft which returned early, they all dropped their bombs in the built up areas of the town, which was identified visually and with the aid of markers. A moderate heavy A A barrage was encountered from the target area and a few of our aircraft suffered minor damage. One aircraft was damaged in the bomb bay which necessitated it landing at Woodbridge on return

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot. F/L Alan Roy Bidwell Barton , RNZAF NZ413930 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ429035 – Navigator. Form 541 lists P/O John Gerald Birch as Nav for this Op. Confirmed asbeing J. T. Chapman via John Talbot Chapman’s logbook for this Op
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 07:05 – Landed 11:24
Flight Time 04:19

14/10/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg(2)
Twenty nine aircraft were detailed to make a further attack on Duisburg, unfortunately, however, three aircraft had to be withdrawn. One aircraft returned early owing to the rear turret being unserviceable. The remaining twenty five aircraft took part in a very successful attack in excellent visibility and large fires were seen to break out and add to those already burning from the morning attack. AA opposition was negligible and searchlight did not operate until late in the raid. One aircraft had an inconclusive combat with an enemy fighter.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:03 – Landed 03:17
Flight Time 04:14

19/10/1944 – Attack Against Stuttgart
Twenty eight aircraft were detailed to attack Stuttgart. The attack was in two waves. Thirteen aircraft took part in the first wave and successfully dropped their bombs with the aid of markers and flares, in weather conditions of 9/10ths cloud. A.A. opposition was moderate and a few enemy aircraft were active. Fifteen aircraft took part in the second wave five hours later and they all dropped their bombs with the aid of flares through ten tenths cloud. The glow of fires seen, indicated that the fires were concentrated around the aiming point. A A opposition was less than that encountered during the first wave, but more enemy fighters were active. Four of our aircraft had inconclusive combats.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/S Donald Percy Leadley, RNZAF NZ427062 – 2nd Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 03:58
Flight Time 06:43

21/10/1944 – Attack Against Flushing
Twenty five aircraft took off to attack Flushing. All crews were able to identify the target visually and bombing was reported as being very accurate. A.A. opposition was moderate. One aircraft (Captain 176437 F/O J. Johnson) failed to return, but was seen to be shot down over the target by heavy A A fire.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:58 – Landed 14:02
Flight Time 03:04

23/10/1944 – Attack Against Essen
Twenty seven aircraft took off as detailed to attack Essen. Ten tenths cloud prevailed over the target but all aircraft were successful in attacking with the aid of marker flares. A A opposition was moderate but no enemy fighters were seen.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:39 – Landed 21:37
Flight Time 04:58

25/10/1944 – Attack Against Essen
Twenty six aircraft took off as detailed to attack Essen. Twenty three of these attacked the target and bombing was good, built up areas and factories being identified visually. One aircraft brought its bombs back owing to the failure of the bombing equipment when over the target and two other aircraft returned early owing to technical failures.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:01 – Landed 17:14
Flight Time 04:13

26/10/1944 – Attack Against Leverkusen
Ten aircraft were detailed to attack Leverkusen. They all bombed the target in formation and a successful raid was reported. A.A. opposition was very slight.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:03 – Landed 17:15
Flight Time 04:12

28/10/1944 – Attack Against Flushing
Thirteen aircraft took off as detailed to attack Flushing. The weather was good and bombing was considered to be very accurate. One large explosion was seen at the end of the raid. Opposition from A.A. fire was slight but a few of our aircraft suffered minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.III PB520 AA-G

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RAFVR NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 186622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Leslie John Moore, RAFVR 2219346/ 188668 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:02 – Landed 11:30
Flight Time 02:28
31/10/1944 – Attack Against Bottrop
Six aircraft took off as detailed to attack a target at Bottrop. they all attacked the target in formation and a fairly concentrated raid was achieved. A.A. fire over the target was intense but all of our aircraft returned safely.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
F/S Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:45 – Landed 16:38
Flight Time 04:53

11/11/1944 – Sea Mining in Oslo Fjord
Five aircraft were detailed for minelaying off Horten in the Oslo Fjord. Four aircraft took off and planted their mines successfully in their allotted position but on return the aircraft were diverted to Tain, owing to doubtful weather at base.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K
A/C returned to Tain, owing to unsatisfactory weather at Base

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
P/O Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:26 – Landed 22:47
Flight Time 07:21

15/11/1944 – Attack Against Dortmund
Twenty five aircraft were detailed for an attack an the Soest Marshalling Yards, but this operation was cancelled and the same aircraft took off to attack an Oil Refinery at Dortmund in daylight, carrying 4,000 lbs and 500 lbs bombs. All aircraft were successful in bombing in formation through ten tenths cloud with tops 10,000 ft. and a concentrated raid was reported. Flak was reported as being fairly accurate by the leading aircraft, but none of our aircraft were hit.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
P/O Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:16 – Landed 17:21
Flight Time 05:05

16/11/1944 – Attack Against Heinsberg
Twenty five aircraft were detailed to attack an Oil Refinery target at Sterkrade but this operation was cancelled, and the 25 aircraft later took off to attack Heinsberg in support of the advancing American Army, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All crews were successful in bombing the town which was identified visually. On leaving, the whole town appeared to be covered in a thick pall of smoke. Flak was fairly intense but only two of our aircraft received minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
P/O Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:24 – Landed 17:18
Flight Time 03:54

20/11/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty eight aircraft took off to attack the Oil Refinery Plant at Homberg. Twenty two aircraft in daylight attacked the target in ten tenths cloud with tops at 23,000 ft. which made formation flying very difficult. They carried 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. Results of bombing could not be observed, but it is considered that the raid was unsatisfactory. One aircraft AA/J returned early owing to icing trouble and two aircraft bombed last resort targets at Duisburg and Hamborn. Three aircraft failed to return. These were captained by 185116 F/O R. Gordon, AUS419328 F/O P. McCartin and 152402 F/O H. Rees.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
P/O Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:52 – Landed 17:12
Flight Time 04:20

21/11/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty one aircraft took off to make another daylight attack on the Oil Refinery plant at Homberg, carrying 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. On this occasion weather over the target was clear, and crews reported the bombing to be quite good, both the target and town being identified visually. Several good explosions were observed in the target area. Flak opposition was moderate.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
P/O Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama,   – Wireless Operator .
P/O Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:38 – Landed 16:49
Flight Time 04:11

23/11/1944 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Twenty five aircraft took off as detailed to attack Nordstern Oil Refinery Plant at Gelsenkirchen carrying 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All aircraft attacked in formation bombing on navigational aids as the cloud was 10/10 with tops at 8000 ft. The attack was thought to be well concentrated, though it was impossible to observe the results. Flak opposition was moderate, but no fighter opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III PB421 AA-K

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
P/O Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:51 – Landed 17:38
Flight Time 04:47

27/11/1944 – Attack Against Cologne Marshalling Yard
Twenty three aircraft carried out a successful attack on Cologne Marshalling Yard with 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. Flak over the target was moderate but accurate. One aircraft captained by F/O D.P. Leadley landed away at Manston. The crew were unhurt, but the aircraft was damaged.

Lancaster Mk.I LM266 AA-F “The Seven Sinners”
Hit by flak twice

F/L Alan Cheyne Baxter, RNZAF NZ40730 – Pilot.
F/O John Talbot Chapman, RNZAF NZ4211011 – Navigator.
P/O Stanley John Higgins, RNZAF NZ415241 – Air Bomber.
F/S William Laurence Kereama, RNZAF NZ425585 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Stanley Cyril Haig-Brown, RAFVR 86622 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Eric John Kelsey, RAFVR 1811623/ 187847 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. S. Whitlam, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:13 – Landed 17:06
Flight Time 04:53