C.A. Pownall crew 29.08.40

Charles Aylmer Pownall crew

15/05/1940 – Bombing Attack on Target A.79 (Holten Sterkrade) and Target A.H.18 (Bridges at Turnhout)
Three aircraft attempted to attack target A.79 and three A.H.18, all attacks being made independently.
Aircraft on target A.79 carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. fused 50% N.D.T. and 50% 6,8 and 12 hour delay.
Aircraft on target A.H.18 carried 12 – 250lbs G.P. 50% N.D.T and 50% 3,6,8 and 12 hours delay.
Only TCB.210 able to find target owing to exceptionally poor visibility. Stick of 12 bombs dropped by TCB.210 on by TCB.210 on bridge over canal at TURNHOUT, height 4,000 feet, bursts observed from canal at about 100 yards to North.
Four aircraft returned with bombs, but the fifth jettisoned load in Sea.
Many fires observed in all areas. A.A. fire slight in target area, but heavy over HOLLAND. Searchlights numerous in target area and generally all over enemy territory. No enemy aircraft seen. Weather very hazy over all areas with 9/10’s Cumulo-Nimbus from Easter HOLLAND to RUHR area.
Thunder and lightening interfered with W/T.
Navigation by D.R. and W/T bearings. All aircraft returned safely, but operations a failure owing to weather conditions.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

P/O Trevor Owen Freeman, RNZAF NZ1026 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Hawkesley, RAFVR – Observer.
AC Val Burdett, RAFVR 629420 – Wireless Operator.
AC Ronald John Healey, RAFVR 902264 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 02:25
Flight Time 04:35

17/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets, A.64, A.75, A.79, M.435, M.464, M.458, AC.6 and AC.7
Attacks were made independently each aircraft 12 – 250lbs. bombs the fusing for each aircraft’s bomb load being 3 N.D.T., 6 D.A. and 31/2hr delay.
Target AC.6 bombed with 2 sticks of 3 bombs and direct hits seen to strike centre of base of bridge. On target AC.7 stick of 6 dropped across road and rail bridges on river MAAS. TCB.214 reported that target A.75 successfully attacked and also convoy at VALHENSWAARD, 6 direct hits being observed. TCB.215 bombed Blast Furnaces of target in RUHR, but results not known, due to intense searchlight activity, afterwards attacked a mechanized unit from 1,500 feet and direct hits observed. Both TCB.216 and 217 failed to locate targets and returned to Base with bomb load. Bombs dropped on target A.64 by TCB.218 only after difficulty due to low cloud.
Black-out over whole area good, but all targets hard to locate due to slight ground haze.
Illuminated drome 8 miles West of WESEL, thought to be a dummy. A.A. fire active and light flak intense and accurate, All aircraft held in searchlights beams in all areas, harder to escape than usual, no enemy aircraft observed.
Aircraft landed at other dromes due to fog at Base.
Navigation by D/R and Map Reading on outward flights and by D/R and D/F fixes and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3158 AA-J

P/O Trevor Owen Freeman, RNZAF NZ1026 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Hawkesley, RAFVR – Observer.
AC Val Burdett, RAFVR 629420 – Wireless Operator.
AC Ronald John Healey, RAFVR 902264 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:15
Flight Time 05:25

19/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried out individual attacks and carried 6. 250 lbs. G.P. and 6 containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs each.
On run up to target KCB.235 received heavy burst of machine-gun fire, result that 2nd Pilot struck by bullet in right shoulder and main bonded cable for bomb release equipment shot away. KCB.238? attacked road targets at HAYBES, starting many fires. Afterwards convoy of 10 trucks attacked in nearby road, hits observed. One incendiary container and one 250lbs. bomb failed to release. Targets FUMAY and TUBIZE successfully attacked by KCB.237, hits being observed on both. Rail junction 3 miles South of MEZIERES bombed with three 250lbs. bombs two direct hits observed, a further three bombs dropped on railway north of DEVILLE bursting at side of the line. Incendiary bombs then dropped on wood one mile East of MONTHERNE and fires started.
KCB.239 attacked large mechanised column at FUMAY with 3 250lbs. bombs and rear gunner sprayed with machine-gun fire, hits observed. Target “B” at FUMAY attacked with 6 containers of incendiaries, and road and rail bridge at NIVELLES bombed. KCB.240 bombed woods 5 miles West of VOUZIERS and convoy of transport waggons, many seen to catch fire. KCB.241 reports dropping incendiaries in woods ½ mile South of HAYBES and attacked bridge, hits observed on road alongside.
Many fires seen, visibility excellent. A.A. fire extremely heavy and accurate in target area and fur machines sustained hits, one having a 3” shell pass right through the PORT aileron, without exploding and searchlights active and accurate.
A few enemy aircraft seen on flight. Navigation by D.R. and Map Reading on way out and D.R. and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3158 AA-J
Target: Seneff

P/O Trevor Owen Freeman, RNZAF NZ1026 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Hawkesley, RAFVR – Observer.
AC Val Burdett, RAFVR 629420 – Wireless Operator.
AC Ronald John Healey, RAFVR 902264 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 02:00
Flight Time 04:40

25/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets, F.18, M.434, and KASSEL
Nine Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out the above operations. The Squadron suffered its third loss since began operations when CB.661 (F/O Coleman) failed to return. CB.668 returned to base after being out for 2 1\2hrs, due to electrical trouble.
Total bomb load carried was:- 40 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused 6hr delay 3 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – containers of 4lbs incendiaries.
CB.654 reports, original target A.19 GOTHER not attacked due to low visibility, so aerodrome at KASSEL attacked. Bombs dropped from 12,000ft in level attack. Hits unobserved due to concentrated flak and searchlights.
One 250lbs bomb dropped on flare path of aerodrome at LIPPSTADT by CB.655. Fell just outside aerodrome. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Stick of 4 – 250lbs, G.P.’s and 1 – S.B.C. dropped from 7,000ft on target F.19 from S.E. to N.W. Two fell short, one burst on boundary road to S.E., one and incendiaries hit buildings in area. Large fires started, burning red, green and orange. Explosions in fires lit up aircraft at 7,000ft. above target. Five bundles Nickels dropped between KASSEL and GOTHA.
CB.656 reports, unable to locate F.18, owing to 6/10 low cloud at 2,000ft. Attacked target F.19 in dive bombing attack from 10-8,000 feet, releasing stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T. and one container of incendiaries. Results unobserved due to light and heavy flak and searchlights, violent evasive action taken.
Results not observed by CB.659 owing to ground haze and intense searchlight and heavy flak activity.
A dive attack made by CB.660 from 11,000ft – 8,000ft the bombs being dropped in stick at base of dive. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity
CB.666 unable to locate target due to ground haze, stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs burst on flare path at DUISBURG. Fires started, flare path at EINDHOVEN also bombed with 6 – 250lbs bombs and incendiaries. Run up excellent. Results not observed due to cloud. Time 00.30 hours.
CB.667 reports, bombs had to be released in order to evade A.A. fire. No results observed.
Owing to electrical failure CB.668 returned to base after 1hrs flying. No bombs dropped.
Balloons flying at all main towns, marked increase in number of flare paths to target, thought to be dummies.
A.A. fire heavy over SCHIPOL, ROTTERDAM, KASSEL, GOTHA and intense in the RUHR. Searchlights active over whole area. Three enemy fighters seen by CB.659 over PADERBORN, no attack made. 5/10 cloud experienced most of way and local haze persistent over RUHR etc. Cold frost met on reaching English coast on return, and heavy and low cloud.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.667 M.434

P/O Ian Ronald Gow, RAF 40820 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Brett, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Sills, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Skelly, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Thomas James Desmond Baber, RNZAF NZ39857 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 05:00

28/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets A.8, A.73, and M.434.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights tec.,
CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.* or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.
Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnaces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.
CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.
Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.
CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.
Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3159 dnc AA-K
Raid No. CB.683 A.73

P/O Ian Ronald Gow, RAF 40820 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Brett, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Sills, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Skelly, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Thomas James Desmond Baber, RNZAF NZ39857 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 00:25
Flight Time 02:35

03/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.71 at HORST
Nine Wellington aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above, but due to heavy ground haze over target area, attacks had to be carried out on various other targets, with success. Low 10/10 cloud encountered on returning to base and aircraft directed to other aerodromes. CB.692 crashed when attempting a forced landing, due to engine failure. The Captain, S/Ldr. Collet, was killed, but the five remaining members of the crew escaped with injuries.
A combined bomb load was carried.
Stick of bombs and S.B.C. dropped by CB.693 down flare path at approximate position 51° 42’ North, 6° 53’ East.
CB.695 located target and bombed. Results of 250lbs bombs not observed, but incendiaries seen to miss target.
CB.695 almost reached primary target, but owing to engine trouble, returned and bombed SCHIPOL aerodrome, believed successful. Height 19,500ft on North Westerly course. Four bundles nickels dropped near target.
CB.696 reports, extensive large fires started by incendiaries in target area. Results not seen of 250’s.
CB.697 located target after search of 45 minutes and dropped stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. at 00.15hrs from 12,000ft in level attack. Two bursts observed amongst lights in target area and extinguished same. Incendiaries failed to function, reason not known. Line of six Blast Furnaces on Eastern outskirts of GLADBECK also attacked with stick of 4 – 250lbs N.D.T. bombs from 12,000ft. Four burst observed 200 yards South of Blast Furnace.
CB.698 failed to locate primary target owing to ground haze, and searchlight activity over area. Marshalling yards at HALTERN attacked. All bombs dropped in one stick, bursts seen and explosions followed, and considerable damage thought to be done.
CB.699 failed to locate target owing to ground haze and searchlights. SCHIPOL aerodrome attacked from 4,000ft. Results not observed owing to intense opposition.
CB.700 did not locate primary target owing to haze and searchlights, but bombs dropped from 10,000ft in one stick on aerodrome at BUER. Two bursts observed. What appeared to be dummy Blast Furnaces, seen in target area, and usual light and heavy flak experienced, seems to be more intense around SCHIPOL. Searchlights intense and very active. CB.693 followed back to English coast by three unidentified aircraft. Weather poor, low visibility, 10/10 cloud as low as 300ft on return. Navigation by D/R, W/T fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3159 AA-K
Raid No. CB.693 A.71 (Wessel attacked as secondary target)

P/O Ian Ronald Gow, RAF 40820 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Brett, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Sills, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Thomas James Desmond Baber, RNZAF NZ39857 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Skelly, RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 03:00
Flight Time 05:15

06/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.73 and A.28.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights tec.,
CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.* or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.
Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.
CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.
Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.
CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.
Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.725 A.28 (Eindhaven attacked as secondary target)

P/O Ian Ronald Gow, RAF 40820 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAFVR 550880 – Observer.
Sgt. Sills, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Thomas James Desmond Baber, RNZAF NZ39857 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Skelly, RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 01:50
Flight Time 04:05

19/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.17 and M.431
Ten Wellington aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out operations against enemy. For the attack on target D.4 at Kiel, weather was against the raiders, with result that main objective was not located, so secondary targets in that area were successfully bombed.
Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T. 250lbs. bombs fused 6 – 18hr delay, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.810 located target 9KIEL) and six bomb bursts were observed on subterranean oil plant North of the town on the river bank. The Battleship GNEISENAU was not observed owing to low cloud.
A stock of 6 – 250lbs bombs was dropped by CB.811 from 13,000 feet, on same target as CB.810. These were seen to burst across KRUPP’S yards.
CB.812 failed to locate the primary target owing to 10/10 cloud in the target area. The object of an attack was their DE KOOY aerodrome in Northern HOLLAND. Six 250lbs. bombs were dropped from a height of 5,000 feet. Bursts were observed but damage not estimated.
CB.813 did not attack primary target owing to cloud, even after making four runs. The buildings on the side of the fitting out basin 1,100 yards 200°T from Primary target were attacked by dive bombing 13,000 – 8,000ft. Bursts observed on area.
The target area was located by CB.814 from a height of 15,000 feet and after flying around at this height for 30 minutes bombs were dropped in stick along the bank. Owing to 7/10 cloud being over the target at the time, bomb bursts were unobserved.
CB.815 reports, that although a search was made for an hour he was unable to locate KIEL owing to low cloud and fog on the coast. At 02.00 hours a shallow dive attack at 8,000feet was carried out on WANGEROOGE aerodrome, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs being dropped. No results were observed.
CB.822 reports that owing to 10/10 cloud in target area, primary target was not attacked. Bombs were dropped from 6,000 feet in one stick on aerodrome at De Kooy. Believed hits but no accurate observation possible.
CB.823 reports that target was not located due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction at WUNSTORF straddled with stick, and fire started at 23.45 hours.
Owing to 10/10 clod, CB.824 failed to locate the target. Enemy aerodrome in use at DIEPHOLZ bombed. 250lbs. bombs burst across flare path, incendiaries fell short. Two fires seen on North East corner of aerodrome.
CB.828 reports, that a high level attack was made from 11,500 feet and a stick was dropped from East to West. Hits were observed on target and one or two small fires were started.
The aerodrome at HURSEIM was clearly visible and three runways were observed, making pin-pointing easy. Balloons were observed flying up to 12,000ft around KIEL. A number of dummy flare paths were also in various sections.
A.A. Fire very intense over target D.4 and over all the North Frisians Islands.
Searchlights very active in all target areas. Weather :- 10/10 cloud was prevalent over the targets and most of route to same.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, and homing bearings. Astro was used by Sorties CB.812 and 813 with very good results.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.815 D.4 (Wangerooge attacked as secondary target)

F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNFAF 36248, NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Gutteridge, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 05:20
Flight Time 08:05

29/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.69, Z159, M116, EVERE and WAALHAVEN
Eleven Wellington crews were detailed to proceed to allotted targets and carry out bombing attacks on same, and thus hinder the enemy in operations against this country. The three aircraft Detailed to attack target Z.159 (ST. NAZAIRE, FRANCE) encountered practically no opposition and a very peaceful trip was had throughout.
Total bomb load carried was made up of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., and delay action and containers of 4lbs incendiaries.
CB.881 reports, targets not located 10/10 cloud.
Aerodrome at WESSEL bombed and bursts observed on North East boundary of aerodrome and two medium fires started.
Two bursts observed by Navigator of CB.882, but results not observed. As aircraft passed over cloud, terrific flash observed, but results not noticed.
CB.883 reports, no results observed from first stick of 5 – 250lbs. bombs owing to searchlights.
Two fires started by second stick.
Owing to cloud 55 minutes was spent by CB.884 over target area for cloud to clear. A stick of bombs was dropped to target area for causing 5 or 6 large fires which lasted until leaving. On one bomb bursting a blue flash was seen.
Original target not located by CB.885 owing to cloud and haze over area. Bombs dropped on Marshalling yards, or railway junction to the West of BOTTROP. Three hits observed.
The target was located without difficulty by CB.887 due to the excellent position of such. An attack was made in a shallow dive from East to West and the bombs were released in a stick from 8,000 feet. Results not observed.
CB.888 reports, one 250lbs bomb N.D.T. and two 250lbs. delays were dropped in a high level attack on a heading of 020°M. Stick dropped across Western extremity of Eastern target causing medium sized fire. The last 3 N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. and 1 – S.B.C. were dropped in a dive attack, 8,500ft to 4,000ft. The 250lbs G.P’s hit the Southern edge of the Eastern target. Incendiaries overshot into sea.
Target located and bombed by CB.889 at 00.35hrs one 250lbs bomb and one 500lbs bomb dropped at 8,000 feet. Two 500lbs bombs dropped at 4,000 feet, all bombs observed to burst on target, but with little result.
CB.894 reports , five bursts seen across target and large fires started with incendiaries. A series od explosions developed from fires – bright flashes intermittently resulted.
EVERE aerodrome attacked at 23.00 hours by CB.896 Direction of attack North West to South East. Three bombs seen to burst on N.W, boundary of aerodrome and last bomb in the flare path. Lights immediately extinguished.
CB898 reports, target found (ROTTERDAM) WAALHAVEN aerodrome. BRUSSELS aerodrome covered in 9-10/10 cloud, base 1,500feeet. Height 4,000 feet. Target found running up on river and hangar lights accidentally being switched on for a period od about 20 seconds. Bombs seen to land on aerodrome, but no results observed.
A number of flare paths were noticed in most of German occupied countries. Balloons were seen at target Z.159, these were flying at a height of 6,000 feet.
Heavy A.A. Fire in all the target areas.
Searchlights very active in the RUHR areas only.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.896 Z.83 (Evere attacked as secondary target)
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. A.P. Jones, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:35 – Landed 02:25
Flight Time 05:50

01/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116, A.17, F.40, and SOEST
Eleven Wellington aircraft took part, in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried, consisting of 500lbs G.P. bombs, 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action bombs, and containers of incendiaries.
One returning to base from a raid on HANOVER, CB passed over an aerodrome, presumed to be FELTWELL. Permission to land was granted, and an approach made using landing light. Thick haze made landing difficult, and another circuit made. Attempted other landing as fuel getting low, but lost sight of flare path on turning in. Just before touching down, line of trees appeared ahead of aircraft, hit these and burst into flames. The crew got clear of aircraft before bomb load (brought back) exploded, as a result of which explosion aircraft totally destroyed. Actually aircraft landed in field short of flare path at East Wrotham, Honnington Satellite aerodrome.
CB.921 reports, descended to 500 feet in target area on D/R but unsuccessful in getting below cloud. Target not located and bombs brought back. Target located at 23.40 hours by CB.914 and bombs dropped at 23.45 hours. Bursts observed on target area, but unable to see extent of damage owing to bad visibility.
CB.900 reports three terrific explosions from incendiaries in target area, and 250lbs bombs seen to burst in same place. Level attack made from 11,000ft the incendiaries being dropped on the first run.
Target located and bombed by CB.901 Results not observed owing to intense searchlights and A.A. fire.
CB.904 reports, Primary target not located owing to engine trouble. EINDHOVEN aerodrome bombed. Flare path and obstruction lights extinguished when a stick of three bombs was dropped across it at 12,000 feet at 22.46 hours. Large explosions observed.
CB.905 reports, on reaching area a flare was dropped, showing up ground clearly, and enabling target to be identified, attack then made from 11,000 feet in a South Westerly direction. Bursts observed and a line of fires started, about 7 or 9 in all and a further explosion seen. Fires still burning on leaving area.
CB.908 and CB.909 failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back.
CB.916 and CB.917 reports, that they located targets and bombed same, but results not observed due to cloud. Only observations, a large circle of lights mainly white with a few red seen, between BREMEN and BREMERHAVEN, presumably aerodrome or dummy on Eastern edge of MUNSTER, three red flares fired from ground formed isosceles triangle. On the whole A.A. was heavy, especially over HANOVER and between HAMM and ROTTERDAM.
Searchlights very active, but due to thick cloud layers and haze, they were ineffective. Weather taken all round was poor, on way out to targets, 8-10/10 cloud was encountered, while over actual targets almost clear with only hazy conditions. Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 DNC AA-O
Raid No. CB.917 M.116

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. A.P. Jones, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Read, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. McDonald, RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:30 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 07:20

04/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Thurenger Forest, Black Forest, and Woods South of Strasburg
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took part in above operations. Seven of the aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on the woods carried 6 containers of incendiary bombs, while CB.931, who attacked wood South of Strasbourg, carried a load of 5 containers of incendiaries (25 lbs), 3 – 250 lbs. incendiaries and one flash bomb. CB.940 carried 6- 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T.
CB.992 made a level attack from a height of 11,000 feet, the bombs being dropped in a stick every 12 seconds. Terrific fires started in a line covering eight miles and could be seen 20 minutes after setting course for home.
CB.923 searched the target area and dropped bombs in a NW. SE direction covering an area of 5 or 6 miles. Over 100 small fires were started and the glow could be seen over 20 miles away on returning.
CB.926 dropped bombs in groups of four at eleven second intervals in a Northerly direction, from Swiss border on Western side of target area. The incendiaries were seen to be burning amongst the trees, but no time spent waiting to see further results.
CB.927 bombed central portion of target area L (Black Forest). Numerous small fires observed but no large conflagration seen at time of leaving area.
CB.928 reports that bombs were dropped in long circular stick and observed to burst. Some fires started but aircraft left area before extent of fire could be estimated.
CB.929 reports that bombs were dropped on targets and fires started.
CB.930 spread bombs in a stick running N.N.E. across Northern corner. Several small fires started. Half container was dropped from 6000 feet on LUNEVILLE aerodrome, and fires were started which could be seen for 40 miles.
CB. 931 reports that all incendiaries were dropped in a circular area, radius about 3 miles. The fires burnt for 10-15 minutes but did not persist. A photograph was taken 20 minutes after the first attack and shows that the fires were not catching.
CB.940 reports that two bombs fell on hangers and four on tarmac of aerodrome.
Extensive road traffic movements observed in North West France. Dummy aerodrome at LE TOUQUET – CB.928 reports, 2 lights flashing “S” alternatively and ‘M” together, situated 6 miles South East of OSTEND.
CB.922 and 940 report light and heavy flak, but taken all round, very little encountered.
Searchlights encountered over HAMM and Belgian Coast, but here again, on the whole very few.
Weather good throughout operations, mist patches in places, but visibility generally very good.
Navigation by D/R mainly, assisted by Astro in two instances.
System of locating beacons for balloons reported to be excellent by CB.931

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.927 Black Forest

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. A.P. Jones, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:30 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 07:30

07/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against A.70, Essen, Black Forest and Colnac Aerodrome, M.101.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit detailed to carry out the above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, containers of 25lbs. incendiaries and CB.959 carried one flash bomb.
CB.944 reports that bursts were observed short of target.
CB.945 dropped bombs in one stick. Five fires were seen in a row.
CB.948 reports that fires were started in Black Forest with 5 cans of incendiaries. COLMAC Aerodrome was bombed with the remaining can which did not release over the Black Forest. A wooden hanger was set alight and two or more aircraft were seen to be burning inside and two were set alight on the tarmac outside. CB.950 failed to locate the target and bombs were brought back.
Cb.951 failed to locate the marshalling yards at KREFEL and bombed an aerodrome in the vicinity of KREFELD. Bombs were observed to burst 400 yards south of the flare path. All lights were extinguished but one fire was observed burning at time of leaving target.
CB.959 dropped incendiaries in level stick from10,000 feet at 12 second intervals and moderately large fires were started.
CB.960 located target in BLACK FOREST and bombs were dropped. The incendiaries were seen burning among trees but the fires did not appear to increase.
Bombs were dropped by CB.961 from 2000 feet in single containers. First container straddled railway line north of MULHOUSE and fire a large building, causing several large explosions. Remainder fell in forest and fires were started, but these did not spread to any great extent.
CB.962 dropped three bombs on the aerodrome at GLIZE RIZEN and these were seen to burst East of target. Two bombs were also dropped on the aerodrome at OOSTVOORING and these burst on the flare path.
Due to heavy cloud and thick mist, reconnaissance impossible, and observations few. Three flares forming a triangle shot up to 8000 feet over the sea 10 miles West of OSTEND, and rectangle of dim lights with three bright lights inside observed six miles East of NANCY, believed Prison Camp. Dummy aerodrome South of STRASBURG extinguished on approach of aircraft.
A.A. fire moderately heavy in RUHR area. A concentration of light flak observed at OSTEND, heavy A.A. South of ROTTERDAM, but not accurate, mainly below and ahead of aircraft.
Searchlights numerous in area South to South East of ROTTERDAM, but did not hold aircraft. In other areas active, but ineffective.
Four aircraft (enemy) were seen to burn on ground at COLMAC aerodrome.
Navigation done by D/R, homing bearing, and map reading. Astro fixes by one sortie.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3297 AA-S
Raid No. CB.951 M.101

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. A.P. Jones, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 04:20
Flight Time 06:40

10/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Ostend Harbour and Flushing Docks
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry put attacks on the above targets. The bomb load consisted of 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.
Owing to 10/10 cloud over Belgian Coast a descent was made by CB.966 to 4000 feet where OSTEND was located. Three flares were dropped over docks. A stick of bombs was dropped at 3,500 feet over dock area but owing to violent evasive action bursts were not observed.
CB.967 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud extending from 12,000 feet to 1000 feet over Belgian Coast.
CB.968 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud and thick mist. Bombs were bought back.
CB.972 dropped bombs in a dive from 4000 feet to 1000 feet. No results were observed owing to violent evasive action, searchlights and haze. Flares were dropped over target and lighted up area satisfactorily.
Owing to 10/10 cloud down to 700 feet, CB.973 failed to locate target.
Five bombs dropped by CB.974 were seen to burst across docks. No results were observed of second stick owing to searchlights, but they believed to have hit the target.
Owing to 10/10 cloud, CB979 reports nil results observed.
Flares were dropped, warships were observed to open fire and continued a heavy broadside for almost half an hour. Several small vessels were seen close to coast line. Retaliatory action appeared to be takenby coastal batteries.
Some light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced at OSTEND and at other target areas.
Searchlights were active around the target areas, but were ineffective owing to cloud.
During the whole of the operations, only one enemy aircraft was seen – by CB.974 – off the Dutch Coast.
Weather was very poor, there being 9/10 – 10/10 cloud. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, and in some cases MF/DF and Astro.
Squeaker at HARWICH not heard, although balloons seen.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.968 Ostend

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. A.P. Jones, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 02:15
Flight Time 04:00

12/09/1940 – Bombing Attack on emden and Schwerte
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took part in Operations against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while CB.984 carried one flash bomb.
CB.984 and CB.985 failed to locate the target due to 10/10 cloud, and bombs were brought back.
CB.986 reports that bombs were dropped, but bursts were unobserved due to bad visibility.
CB.987 bombed target in bad visibility from 6000 feet, but results were unobserved owing to cloud.
CB.988 failed to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud. Intense A.A. fire was experienced and bombs were released over centre of A.A. activity.
CB.994 reports that results were not observed.
Owing to dense low cloud, CB.995 failed to locate original target, SCHWERTE. Bombs were dropped from 1000 feet on the aerodrome at DE KOOY, but results were not observed.
CB/997 failed to locate target, but bombs were released on A.A. emplacements between SOEST and DORTMUND.
CB.999 reports that direct hits were scored on ammunition store in dock buildings. Heavy explosions occurred and large fires were started.
Owing to bad visibility no observations or reconnaissance were made although CB.999 reports that docks and wharves were clearly seen.
Light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced in many parts of the target areas, while flak ships or warships continued barrage some distance to sea. Flaming onions were also experienced at one point.
Searchlights were numerous and very active, but owing to cloud were ineffective.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
ten-tenths cloud was experienced over most of the route. Icing conditions, rain and electrical storms were also experienced.
Navigation was carried out by D/R, W/T and homing bearings.
CB.999 returned to base with shell holes in wings and machine gun bullet through front turret. Attack was carried out from 150 feet – machine blown up to 600 and was very unstable on return journey. S.O.S. was sent out as machine was expected to land in sea. P/O Denton, captain of this machine, was awarded D.F.C. (Immediate).

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.997

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. A.P. Jones, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:00 – Landed 01:15
Flight Time 05:15

14/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Antwerp and Soest
Ten Wellington Aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action bombs, containers of incendiaries and CB.120 carried one flash bomb.
CB.115 reports that owing to severe ice forming cloud, target was not reached, but an attack was made from 7000 feet on DE KOOY Aerodrome, where a stick of bombs was dropped on hangars. Numerous fires started, and major and minor explosions followed, suggesting blowing up of ammunition. Fires lit up aerodrome buildings.
Owing to 10/10 cloud Cb.116 failed to locate original target. Bombs were dropped on rail junction at AARHUS.
CB.117 reports three large explosions took place after the first stick of 8 – 250lbs. bombs had been dropped on East Docks. Second stick of 7 – 250 lbs bombs and one S.B.C. seen to explode on new docks.
CB.118 reports that target was located and bombs dropped, but owing to thick haze results could not be estimated.
CB.119 reports that one stick of bombs and one S.B.C. were dropped on dock basins and fires were started by incendiaries on quay. Yellow explosions from two of the fires at irregular intervals.
CB.120 reports that all bombs were seen to burst in docks, but no big fires were seen.
CB.122 reports that owing to an error in map reading, one stick of bombs was dropped over target area and hits are believed to have been scored although no fires were observed.
CB.123 reports that barges in chain basin were hit. Direct hits were scored on dicks and barges in basin North of town. A large fire was also started in this basin.
CB126 reports that bombs were dropped and bursts observed in main dock area. At time of leaving target incendiaries were observed burning fiercely with orange coloured flames. Repeated minor explosions were observed in vicinity of incendiaries.
P/O. Denton reports that one stick of nine bombs was dropped on N.W. docks, but owing to evasive action, only first two bombs observed to burst. One stick was dropped on South docks nearest town, and all bombs were observed to make direct hits.
Recognition signal – red and two white star cartridge, observed several times near target area. Flare paths observed at aerodromes near WOENSDRECHTE, and South of ANTWERP. Dummy flarepath seen N.E. of ANTWERP. Flashing beacon 12 miles E.N.E. ANTWERP. Three pairs of ships about 1000 tonnes were observed on ZUYDER ZEE, while two large merchant ships were seen N.W. side of main basin, and one 4000 ton merchant ship seen sailing N.W.-S.E. of FLUSHING out into North Sea.
Fairly intense light and heavy A.A. fire experienced in many parts of target area. This was not very accurate.
Searchlights were few and inactive.
Only one enemy aircraft, an ME.109, was observed over target area.
Icing conditions and electrical storms were experienced by most aircraft. Weather in target area was good..
Navigation was mainly D/R, with W/T, MF/DF. Astro and homing bearings.
CB,123 reports an excellent trip, exceptional bombing done by Observer, also excellent Asto navigation. Approximately 50 small boats, believed fishing smacks seen on beach between HAGUE and the Hook near SCHEVENINGEN.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
– not listed   – 2nd Pilot
– not listed,   – Navigator.
– not listed,   – Wireless Operator.
– not listed,   – Front Gunner.
– not listed,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:45 – Landed 22:45
Flight Time 03:00

28/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.72, Z.82, Z.83.
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out the above attacks. The bomb load was made up of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., delayed action; and S.A.P. delayed action, 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries.
CB.402 dropped one stick of bombs on target which overshot into shipbuilding yards on South Eastern side of river. Bursts observed and fires from incendiaries, also one fire from one of bomb bursts.
CB.403 dropped one stick from 11,500 feet. Two bombs landed in water, also incendiary. One bomb believed to have hit floating dock of GNEISENAU. One bomb hit docks South of GNEISENAU.
CB.404 reports that results were not observed due to A.A. and searchlight activity, hazy conditions.
CB.405 dropped bombs in one stick. Three explosions observed on leaving target, also small fires. One 500lbs. N.D.T. dropped on WILHELMSHAVEN Aerodrome. Results unobserved.
CB.415 reports that results were not observed owing to cloud and gun flashes.
Bombs were seen by CB.416 to burst on target. One large explosion and a fire started.
CB.420 reports bomb flashes in middle of dock at ANTWERP.
CB421 dropped three 250lbs. N.D.T. on fire in neighbourhood of target, but results unobserved.
CB.422 reports that end of stick fell on aerodrome. Two fires started south of target.
CB.432 reports that primary target was obscured by heavy cloud. Attack was made on Z.110 at GHENT. Bombs observed to burst, and incendiaries started fires on west side of the aerodrome.
Three white flashing beacons observed near HAAMSEDE. Fires observed probably ANTWERP and OSTEND. White beacon flashing “M” at GILZENKIRCHEN target.
A medium amount of heavy flak was experienced. This was fairly accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
Nine enemy aircraft were seen West of ANTWERP. Weather was clear over target areas. Cloud over North Sea and Dutch Coast.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, Q.D.M’s W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2575 AA-?
Raid No. CB.423 Z.83 (Z.110 attacked as secondary target)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James , RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:15 – Landed 21:45
Flight Time 03:30

06/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target G.30
Two Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out the above attacks. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
P/O Pownall returned to base on account of severe weather conditions. Bombs were jettisoned in North Sea owing to predicted unfavourable landing conditions at base.
MDS.104 reports that results were not observed owing to cloud.
Owing to heavy cloud no observations were made. No A.A. fire was encountered, and there was an Absence of searchlights. No enemy aircraft were reported.
Weather was not good, ten-tenths cloud being experienced, with severe electrical storms over North Sea, and severe icing over Germany.
Navigation was by D/R with HF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2736 dnc AA-A
Raid No. MDS.- G.30

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James , RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:05 – Landed 05:15
Flight Time 05:10

08/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.487 and A.70
Eight Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets.
A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. Delayed action, 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
RCP.164 dropped bombs in one stick from West to East and bursts observed in eastern sector of town and on marshalling yards. Fires were started by incendiaries on Western boundary of town and on Eastern boundary of marshalling yards.
RCP.189 dropped bombs on target from 11,000 feet. Fires observed from incendiaries and small explosions resulted.
RCP.336 dropped one stick from East to West on Marshalling Yard, resulting in a row of large fires from which sixteen explosions of different colours were observed burning for 60 miles after leaving target.
RCP.415 reports fires and explosions in target area.
RCP.435 reports that high explosives and incendiaries were seen to burst on aerodrome. Incendiaries started two medium fires which burnt with red flames.
RCP.545 reports fires and explosions in target. Fires also observed from previous attack.
S/Ldr, Bain reports direct hits on track and sheds. Extensive fires and continuous explosions seen after leaving target, visible for 30 mins on return journey. Attacked form 3000 feet.
P/O Hankins released bombs in one stick on Eastern end of target. Bursts observed in target area and fires started by incendiairies. Still burning after leaving target.
Two illuminated flarepaths observed in vicinity of BRUGES AERODROME. Dimly illuminated flarepath observed two miles S.S.E. MANNHEIM. Convoy sighted off East Coast steaming North East, position 52* 10N, 01*50E. Challenged and fired at immediately. Firing ceased on showing colour of period.
Intense medium and heavy A.A. fire on route between MANNHEIM and MUNICH. Very intense medium flak with heavy flak at MUNICH.
Searchlights were fairly numerous and accurate in all areas.
A few enemy aircraft were seen in various parts of route. Weather was good, apart from haze over English Coast on return.
Navigation was by D/R map reading, Astro, Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c not listed AA-
Raid No. RCP.164 M.487

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James , RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:20 – Landed 01:10
Flight Time 07:50

11/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Target A.70 and A.71.
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the targets above. The bomb load carried consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
TRM.113 failed to locate primary target owing to 10/10 cloud, but an attack was made on aerodrome at FLUSHING. Bombs seen to burst between flarepath and eastern boundary, but owing to high winds, incendiaries undershot aerodrome.
TRM.364 reports that no bombs were seen to burst.
TRM.372 reports bombs were seen to explode in target area. Fires and explosions started.
TRM.385 failed to attack primary target owing to 10/10 cloud. Target attacked believed to have been marshalling yards at MUNSTER. A long fire was started beside one which was already burning.
TRM.394 dropped one stick from 13,000 feet. Actual target not identified. Bomb flashes seen through cloud.
P/O. Morton reports bombs dropped in target area, one 500lbs. N.D.T., 1 S.B.C. Remainder hung up. Fifteen explosions observed from incendiaries for 20 mins after bombing. One 500lbs. N.D.T. dropped on WESEL AERODROME. Explosion but no results observed.
P/O Humphreys reports operations abandoned at Dutch Coast owing to rear guns being unserviceable.
Sgt. Jones reports bombs seen to burst, causing large fire. Two explosions seen on leaving; white flames.
Three rows of red lights forming N.W. & S. side of a square seen flashing on occasionally, attended by an intermittent vertical searchlight beam – four miles N.E. HAGUE. Red , changing to green, beacon north of IJMUIDEN on coast.
There was very little A.A. fire except at MUNSTER where intense and accurate heavy flak was experienced.
Moderate searchlight activity in all parts of target areas.
TRM.385 reports that one M.E. dived on him, but did not open fire.
Heavy cloud was experienced in parts of target areas, with severe electrical storms and icing.
Navigation was by D/R, HF/DF, W/T, and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3231 AA-?
Raid No. TRM.113 A.70 (Aerodrome Flushing attacked as secondary target)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
F/L Garry Carlton Kain, RAF/RNZAF 37972/ NZ2422 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James , RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 02:00 – Landed 07:00
Flight Time 05:00

12/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.71.
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above target. The bomb load consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, containers of incendiaries, while CAN.103 carried one flash bomb.
CAN.103, CAN.508, and CAN.185 all failed to locate the target and bombs were brought back. The flash Bomb was dropped in the sea.
CAN.317 reports that no results were observed owing to low cloud, but flarepath at ARNHEIM AERODROME hit.
CAN.360 failed to locate primary target owing to 10/10 cloud. Bombs released on railway line and canal, D/R position in vicinity of target area. Bursts observed across railway line and canal.
CAN.760 dropped one stick from 12,000 feet. Bombs fell western area of docks (target M.61). Bomb flashes seen through cloud.
CAN.880 reports that bombs were seen to explode. Glare of fires visible on clouds.
Owing to heavy cloud no observations were made and no reconnaissance carried out.
Very little A.A. fire was encountered.
NO searchlights were experienced and no enemy aircraft encountered.
Weather was not good there being heavy cloud and icing conditions.
Navigation was mainly by D/R, with W/T and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3231 AA-?
Raid No. CAN.360 A.71

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James , RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 03:15
Flight Time 05:00

14/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against targets G.30, CC.47, SOESTERBURG AERODROME, AND SCHIPOL
Nine Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above targets.
A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
STY.101 dropped one stick from East to West on target and bursts were observed just short of target, all in marshalling yard areas. Incendiaries still burning fiercely 20 mins after leaving target.
STY.255 dropped one 500lbs. and three S.B.C. in one stick from N.W to S.E. Three large fires and one white explosion in middle of fires believed to be just on Western side of target. One 250lbs. and one 500lbs. dropped in second stick from same direction. Explosions observed.
STY.404 reports bomb burst observed of 500lbs. N.D.T. on buildings on S.E. of aerodrome. Incendiaries dropped in same area as height only 4000 feet. Incendiaries subsequently merged into two persistent fires, observed until disappeared in mist on return journey.
STY.459 reports that the target was bombed successfully.
STY.504 reports target successfully bombed. After leaving target rear gunner reports further explosions.
STY.638 reports numerous fires in target area and many explosions. Fires visible approximately 40 miles from target on return journey.
STY.777 reports that bombs were observed to burst on target. Fire reported seen by rear gunner.
STY.851 dropped one stick from 12,000 feet. Explosions seen and small fires seen on leaving target. Bombs fell along marshalling yards.
STY.930 reports bombs seen to explode but results not observed owing to searchlight activity and avoiding action. Number of flarepaths in operation. Revolving beacons seen at various parts of route.
Heavy A.A. fire in BERLIN up to 30 miles West, fairly accurate. Intermittent flak experienced on route.
Intense searchlight activity in parts of target areas; fairly accurate.
Several enemy aircraft seen in target areas.
Cloud experienced on route, but target areas clear.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, W/T, and HF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3275 AA-K
Raid No. STY.101 G.30

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James , RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:15 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 08:35

16/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.248, M.245, SOESTERBURG, and SCHIPOL AERODROME
Nine Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs delayed action, 250lbs. Delayed action, 250 lbs. N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries. UNS.237 reports nine- tenths cloud over whole of target area. Bombs released in one stick and pinpointed as near as possible, slightly to West of target on heading of North magnetic.
UNS.400 dropped one stick from 13,500 feet. Target not observed but flew from centre of HAMBURG. Bursts seen through clouds.
UNS.518 reports that results were not observed.
UNS.553 reports that little results were seen owing to cloud, but bombs fell on docks.
UNS.683 failed to identify target, and bombs were brought back.
UNS.695. reports that bombs were seen to explode in target area.
UNS.726 dropped bombs, but results were not observed.
UNS.768 dropped bombs in one stick. Results not observed owing to bomb aimer being blinded by a small burst immediately beneath aircraft. Searchlights were also intense and held the aircraft during the run up to the target.
UNS.904 failed to locate the target owing to 9/10 cloud. Docks observed through intermittent holes in cloud, and bombs released on dock area. Bursts not observed.
White lights flashing approximately 20 miles off Dutch Coast in morse – position 52* 31’N, 03* 33’E. Thirty to forty balloons at 8,000 feet in region of AMSTERDAM and target. UNS.518 challenged by member of convoy of shipping a few miles off English Coast on return.
There was a fair amount of heavy and light flak. There was a large number of searchlights, but they were hampered by cloud.
Two enemy aircraft were observed, but no attacks made.
There was heavy cloud over the target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, W/T, MF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3231 AA-?
Raid No. UNS.904 M.245 (Docks at Hamburg attacked as secondary target)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:00 – Landed 23:59
Flight Time 05:59

29/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.138 and M.66
Six Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
KWN.108 reports bombs seen to burst around target, but results not clearly seen due to ground haze.
No results were observed by KWN.157.
KWN.178 dropped bombs in one stick and three bursts and incendiaries seen to fall in docks on western bank of river South of railway and road bridges. Large fires observed burning after leaving.
KWN.234 bombed south bridge over Rhine ay COLOGNE. Results were unobserved. One S.B.C. was dropped on aerodrome in area on return. No fires started.
KWN.240 failed to locate primary target owing to thick ground mist. Attacked flarepath one and a half miles East of KOLN. Bursts observed in vicinity of flarepath.
KWN.955 was unable to release bombs through either technical failure or freezing. Red lights observed on ground believed to be working in co-operation with searchlights and fighter aircraft.
A.A. fire was active and fairly accurate in target areas.
Numerous clusters of searchlights over entire route which were switched on after signals from red lights mentioned above. Searchlights only indicated direction of aircraft and did not attempt to locate it. Moderately active in other parts.
A number of enemy aircraft were observed, but not engaged. Cloud was experienced at various parts of route. Target areas fairly clear.
Navigation was by D/R, W/T, MF/DF, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3231 AA-?
Raid No. KWN.240 M.138 (aerodrome east of Koln attacked as secondary target)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:40 – Landed 23:10
Flight Time 04:30

06/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Area 1, Area 2, Area 3.
Thirteen Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above targets.
AGN.260 failed to locate the target and jettisoned bombs.
AGN.614 and AGN.967 also failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 250lbs. D/A and N.D.T., containers of 40lbs. G.P., and containers of light case incendiaries.
AGN.159 failed to observe results owing to low cloud.
AGN.375 reports bombs dropped on aerodromes at ABBEYVILLE, NANTES, LES MEEREAUX, and EVEREAUX. Bursts were observed.
AGN.557 reports VILLACOMBLEY AERODROME bombed with one container of incendiaries. Hangar seen burning, and also one fire seen near hangar. Two 250lbs. N.D.T. dropped on GLISY AERODROME, but results were unobserved. Six 250 lbs. N.D.T., 2 S.B.C. 40lbs., and one S.B.C. incendiaries dropped on CALAIS DOCKS, but results were unobserved.
AGN.574 bombed CHATEAU D’UN and bursts were seen on Flarepath. Bombs were dropped on BOULGNE DOCKS bit owing to searchlight activity, no results were observed.
AGN.595 dropped bombs on VILLACOUBLEY AERODROME.
AGN.659 attacked VILLACOUBLEY and ORLAY, and bombs were seen to burst across flarepaths of aerodromes. Big explosions seen by rear gunner at ORLAY.
AGN.764 bombed TOURS aerodrome. Bursts were seen followed by a series of explosions.
AGN.769 reports hits on hangars at CHARTRES, CHATEAU D’UN, and large clouds of smoke and debris were seen with fires burning in each case. Two bombs were dropped on CALAIS DOCKS and caused a fire which persisted after leaving.
AGN.856 bombed RPYE AERODROME and DUNKIRK, and fires were left at both places.
F/Lt. Gilbert reports that results were not observed owing to searchlight and light flak activity, but one fire was seen on N.W. corner of inner basin at CALAIS.
Many dummy flarepaths were seen. The blackout in Paris and suburbs was very poor.
Intense A.A. fire was experienced in parts of target area.
Intense and accurate searchlight activity was encountered at parts of route.
A number of enemy aircraft were seen, but no attacks made.
Heavy cloud, with icing conditions, was experienced in some parts of target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, landfalls, map reading, W/T, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. AGN.967 Area 2 (did not bomb)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mellor, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:10 – Landed 05:00
Flight Time 05:50

13/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target N.62
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
MSC.125 failed to observe results owing to 10/10 cloud, 6000-7000 feet.
MSC.175 dropped bombs over target area, but results were not observed owing to cloud.
Except for reflection of fires seen on clouds, results were unobserved by MSC.361.
MXC.428 failed to locate primary target but bombed flak emplacement at BREMEN.
MSC.795 dropped bombs in one stick over BREMEN.
It was impossible to pinpoint position of bursts due to complete cloud cover.
MSC.868 failed to observe results owing to cloud.
S/L. Bain reports bombs straddled hangars at SCHIPOL, causing fires which spread after two or three mins. Three large explosions occurred.
P/O. Morton bombed target through 10/10 cloud.
A number of ships were seen at sea at various parts of route.
Three ships at berths at ENKHUISEN.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire was experienced over target area. Very little activity elsewhere.
Searchlights were ineffective over target area due to cloud. Many, very effective, over AMSTERDAM.
A number of enemy aircraft were seen at various parts of route, but no attacks were made.
Heavy cloud was experienced over almost whole of route and in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, Q.D.M’s and D/F.

Wellington Mk.1c R.1177 AA-K
Raid No. MSC.428 N.62 (Flak emplacements Bremen attacked as secondary target)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mellor, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 16:50 – Landed 22:00
Flight Time 05:10

16/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G.30, M.68, and Frankfurt
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was a mixed one and consisted of 1000lbs., N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
FXP.270 failed to locate primary target but bombed marshalling yards and goods train N.W. suburbs of BERLIN. Fires started and two large explosions observed from trucks.
FXP.340 reports direct hit by 1000lbs. bomb on jetty at BREMEN DOCKS. Terrific explosion seen.
FXP.357 dropped bombs on marshalling yards and buildings at CHARLOTTENBURG. Bursts observed followed by series of minor explosions. Two large fires observed after turning to course for return trip.
FXP.616 reports bombs burst across target causing numerous fires and explosions.
FXP.653 reports bursts and incendiary fires seen in dock areas.
FXP.724 reports three large fires with four explosions and smaller fires caused by incendiaries.
FXP.792 reports bombs seen to explode in target area causing small fires.
FXP.877 dropped bombs in target area. Fires and explosions were observed.
Three large fires were observed in woods N.W. and W.N.W. of BERLIN. Several small ships seen at berths in CHERBOURG harbour. A.A. emplacement seen on breakwater and in dock area.
There was a fair amount of accurate heavy and light flak in target area and on route.
Searchlights were moderately active on route and in target areas.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Weather was good over target areas, but heavy cloud was experienced at many parts of route.
Navigation was by D/R. Q.D.M’s and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2805 AA-E “D for Donald”
Raid No. FXP.357 G.3 (Marshalling yards berlin attacked as secondary target)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mellor, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:15 – Landed 09:40
Flight Time 09:25

19/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Target A.71
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. Three of these aircraft, RWA.258, RWA.551 and RWA.752, failed to locate the target. The bomb load carried consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries.
RWA.191 reports explosions observed reflected on cloud base about two minutes after bombs had exploded.
RWA.213 bombed on E.T.A. owing to 10/10 cloud.
RWA.392 dropped bombs in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts and four following explosions observed.
RWA.669 bombed area of HOMBERG through gap in clouds. No apparent fires caused by incendiaries. Five or six explosions observed 3-5 mins after bombing.
RWA.857 dropped bombs in one stick. No observations were made.
There was no A.A. fire except at HERTONGENBOSCH where heavy flak, accurate for direction but not for height, was fired through 10/10 cloud.
No searchlights were experienced.
One enemy fighter was seen over Germany. No attack.
Weather was not good 10/10 cloud being experienced over whole journey.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, W/T, Q.D.M.’s and HF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2805 AA-E “D for Donald”
Raid No. RWA.752 A.71 (did not bomb)

P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNZAF 36248/ NZ2401 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mellor, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Andy Orrock, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Jimmy Farquhar, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Leonard Hayter, RAFVR 649376 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:05 – Landed 05:40
Flight Time 05:35