C.E. Kay crew 27.03.40

27/03/1940 – Reconnaissance and Nickle Operation. Brunswick – ULZEN – LUNEBURG) Raid No.s. PCB136, PCB137, PCB138, respectively.
The three Wellington aircraft took off independently and proceeded to a point at 54° 06′ N – 06° 00′ E, from which point a course was set for DORUM on the German coast. Nickels were dropped over the areas named above from heights of 7,000 to 10,000 feet, and from 14,000 feet over HOOGE. Navigation was by DR and Astro, very few D/F fixes were obtained and were considered unreliable. PCB.136 (S/Ldr. Kay) had considerable success with Astro navigation and this proved fortunate, for later, while entering heavy cumulus clouds the W/T transmitter burned out and was useless for the remainder of the flight. Latitude checks on the Pole Star particularly, were extremely useful and reasonably accurate, although conditions were made extremely awkward for ‘Astro’ by the exceptionally bumpy weather prevailing. The freezing up of the Astro-dome was also severe, the temperature being -28*. The weather generally 7/10 to 10/10 from 3,000 – 10,000 ft, but over the target areas hazy with slight rain. Visibility generally very good. The strength of the wind was considerably in excess of the Met: forecast, especially over the sea on the return trip. The only A.A. fire encountered was over HAMBURG and the German FREISAN ISLANDS. Bursts were noticed near HAMBURG at about 8,000 feet.

Searchlights were active near HAMBURG and the ISLANDS OF NORDEONEY, WANTROOG AND SYLT. No trouble was experienced in avoiding them. As soon as engines were put out of synchronisation the lights fell away. Only one aircraft seen at AMRUM with navigation lights on, these were switched off immediately, and the aircraft disappeared. No Balloons observed.

General Reconnaissance.
It was possible to locate only a few positions and these only when lighted by the moon. HAMBURG especially the dock areas and canals leading to them was clearly visible. Such positions as the junction of the South and JADE CANALS were recognised. Considerable flooding was noticed in the lower areas. Blast furnaces were clearly visible near HAMBURG.

GROUP INSTRUCTIONS NO.25 PARA 13
(a) BRUNSWICK, LUNEBURG, and ULZEN
(b) Areas around the above towns
(c) Cloudy 10/10th. with haze underneath.
(d) Moon three quarters full and bright when not covered by cloud.
(e) Targets covered by low cloud.
(f) two targets only, located with difficulty.
(g) does not apply.
(h) (LUNEBURG) by layout and railways.
(Brunswick) by following river from HAMBURG and thence by compass course to objective.
(j) Does not apply
(K) Targets not seen clearly, but, precision bombing could have been carried out on Docks and shipping at HAMBURG, canals and waterways, and also the German Islands in the Heligoland Bight.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. PCB.136

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Trevor Owen Freeman, RNZAF NZ1026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Edwin Peter Williams, RNZAF NZ38235 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 07:20
Flight Time 08:50

12/04/1940 – Search for enemy warships off the coast of Norway
As Captain of aircraft P.9206 I took off at 09.16 hours in formation with 8 aircraft from No.37 Squadron and 3 other aircraft from No. 75(NZ) Squadron, with instructions to try and locate one enemy cruiser last reported in position 58* 00′ N. 06* oo’ E. As the Norwegian Coast was approached the weather deteriorated down to Sea level, with the result that the formation was split up. With the exception of three twin ruddered aircraft, believed to be M.E. 110’s, seen going away in the distance, no enemy aircraft or surface vessels were located. The search was carried out on various courses and at 12.25 course was set for Base, which was reached at without further incident.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Trevor Owen Freeman, RNZAF NZ1026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
LAC Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Front Gunner.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 09:10 – Landed 15:15
Flight Time 06:05

12/05/1940 – Bombing attacks on Target A.J.8. (Krefold-Verdingen)
The three Wellingtons Aircraft carried out individual attacks on A.J.8c(KREFELD-VERDINGEN) in accordance with instructions contained in Form “B” 133 of 12/5/40. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs, 50% fused N.D.T. and 50% fused 3,6,8 and 12 hour delay in equal proportions, that is over the three aircraft.

TCB.192 reported that target was located by light on KREFELD Aerodrome and glimpse of bend in river RHINE. A stick of 9 bombs dropped from 10,000ft. at 22.55hrs, but 3 bombs held up owing to trouble with electrical circuit. Not possible to see bursts of bombs, as evasive action was taken owing to intense searchlights activity. TCB.193 easily located target at 23.04 hrs. and at 23.10 hrs all 12 bombs were released in a stick from 11,000 feet. Results of bursts not observed, but fires started by previous attacks. Four bombs dropped in a stick from 10,000ft at 23.06 hrs by TCB.194 after locating target at 23.05hrs, these noticed to burst each side of existing fires. A further 4 bomb dropped on line of transport moving Southwest from target, seen to burst at head of column. Remaining bombs dropped column moving West along road running West from target, burst noticed between first and second vehicles. The forth bomb held up and had to be jettisoned over target area. Numerous fires noticed on both sides of RHINE and in HOLLAND Parachute flares seen in ANTWERP at 00.15hrs followed by what appeared to be four Red incendiary bombs dropped in centre of town in form of stick and followed few minutes later by stick of four presumed green incendiary bombs. A.A. fire quite active but not accurate over target and RUHR areas, inaccurate light flak also seen and searchlights very active over these two areas. Only one enemy aircraft seen near ANTWERP, but identity could not be established. Weather good and clear, considerable light given by moon. Navigation by D.R. and Map reading on outward flights and D.R. and D/F fixes on return.

All aircraft had landed safely at Base by 02.00hrs.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Walter Stanley Kitson, RAFVR 580055 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 01:55
Flight Time 04:45

17/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets, A.64, A.75, A.79, M.435, M.464, M.458, AC.6 and AC.7
Attacks were made independently each aircraft 12 – 250lbs. bombs the fusing for each aircraft’s bomb load being 3 N.D.T., 6 D.A. and 31/2hr delay.

Target AC.6 bombed with 2 sticks of 3 bombs and direct hits seen to strike centre of base of bridge. On target AC.7 stick of 6 dropped across road and rail bridges on river MAAS. TCB.214 reported that target A.75 successfully attacked and also convoy at VALHENSWAARD, 6 direct hits being observed. TCB.215 bombed Blast Furnaces of target in RUHR, but results not known, due to intense searchlight activity, afterwards attacked a mechanized unit from 1,500 feet and direct hits observed. Both TCB.216 and 217 failed to locate targets and returned to Base with bomb load. Bombs dropped on target A.64 by TCB.218 only after difficulty due to low cloud.

Black-out over whole area good, but all targets hard to locate due to slight ground haze.
Illuminated drome 8 miles West of WESEL, thought to be a dummy. A.A. fire active and light flak intense and accurate, All aircraft held in searchlights beams in all areas, harder to escape than usual, no enemy aircraft observed.

Aircraft landed at other dromes due to fog at Base.
Navigation by D/R and Map Reading on outward flights and by D/R and D/F fixes and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 03:20
Flight Time 06:10

19/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried out individual attacks and carried 6. 250 lbs. G.P. and 6 containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs each.

On run up to target KCB.235 received heavy burst of machine-gun fire, result that 2nd Pilot struck by bullet in right shoulder and main bonded cable for bomb release equipment shot away. KCB.238? attacked road targets at HAYBES, starting many fires. Afterwards convoy of 10 trucks attacked in nearby road, hits observed. One incendiary container and one 250lbs. bomb failed to release. Targets FUMAY and TUBIZE successfully attacked by KCB.237, hits being observed on both. Rail junction 3 miles South of MEZIERES bombed with three 250lbs. bombs two direct hits observed, a further three bombs dropped on railway north of DEVILLE bursting at side of the line. Incendiary bombs then dropped on wood one mile East of MONTHERNE and fires started.

KCB.239 attacked large mechanised column at FUMAY with 3 250lbs. bombs and rear gunner sprayed with machine-gun fire, hits observed. Target “B” at FUMAY attacked with 6 containers of incendiaries, and road and rail bridge at NIVELLES bombed. KCB.240 bombed woods 5 miles West of VOUZIERS and convoy of transport waggons, many seen to catch fire. KCB.241 reports dropping incendiaries in woods ½ mile South of HAYBES and attacked bridge, hits observed on road alongside.

Many fires seen, visibility excellent. A.A. fire extremely heavy and accurate in target area and fur machines sustained hits, one having a 3” shell pass right through the PORT aileron, without exploding and searchlights active and accurate.

A few enemy aircraft seen on flight. Navigation by D.R. and Map Reading on way out and D.R. and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Target: Givet

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 05:30

23/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
Six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks, but just prior to taking off one machine (KCB.274 F/O Williams) developed engine trouble and did not go.

12 – 250 lbs. G.P. bombs were carried by each aircraft. KCB.272 attacked target in two shallow dives dropping a stick of 6 bombs on each run. Results not definitely known due to searchlights, but bursts seen near bridge, which was object of attack. KCB.275 reports that on his E.T.A over target came down through clouds and found himself to be in ring of 12 searchlights with a small amount of light flak coming up. . Two sticks of 3 bombs each dropped on centre of flash and three sticks of two bombs each dropped on different groups, which went out and stayed out.

A stick of 12 bombs were dropped along direction of BRUSSELS – GEMBLOUX railway line by KCB. 279, results not known again due to searchlights. Results not observed by KCB,280 who attacked target on cross roads by diving and releasing a stick of 12 bombs.

KCB.281 did not locate target, but located a convoy of approximately 50 vehicles in road between WAVRE and GEMBLOUX on which he dropped a stick of six bombs. Second stick of six dropped on row of searchlights bordering NAMUR. Two direct hits estimated.

On the whole observations of ground activity were very obscured due to large amount of cloud extending over whole of target area. Black-out over whole area exceptionally good. All aircraft experienced both light and heavy flak, especially accurate light flak from NAMUR.

Searchlights very active and accurate, seen to be operating in groups of up to 12 in most areas. No enemy aircraft observed. The weather was not good, very heavy cumulus clouds extending from 5,000 to 14,000 feet with ice accretion being experienced over 8,000ft. Clouds too thick to gain advantage from moon. Navigation by D/R. on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 01:45
Flight Time 04:00

25/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Target AR.10) and Reconnaissance of Area Between Courtrai and Brussels
Six aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on target AR.10 and two to carry out Reconnaissance between COUTRAI and BRUSSELS, which was to last for 1hr. 40mins. One of the six (NCB.292) returned to base with engine trouble, developed whilst crossing English coast on outward journey. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.

No troop movements seen by NCB.286 over reconnaissance area, but a railway junction was successfully bombed at ENGHIEN, eight direct hits being seen. NCB.289 carried on reconnaissance after NCB.286, but also unable to observe enemy movements, so bombs were dropped on main road at OPPASHELT and rail junction at NINOVE, with direct hits.

NCB.293 reports that he bombed the wood around the target area, and bursts were seen but no results observed. Small lights in wood machine-gunned for 3 minutes, Owing to adverse weather conditions NCB.294 unable to locate target, but road junction with convoy of vehicles crossing was attacked with a stick of 12 bombs being dropped.

NCB.295 also unable to locate target, so decided to attack COUTRAI – AUDENARDE road dropping 6 bombs, and one hit observed. Remaining 6 bombs dropped on AUDENARDE 0 GHENT road just North of EYNE, two direct hits observed. Many large fires started by NCB.296 who located target by aid of parachute flares. At 00.59 hrs. target was located by NCB.297 who precision bombed same from 8,500ft, bombs observed to burst, and many fires started.

On the whole black-out was good, but many large fires seen around OSTEND, DUNKIRK, and CALAIS. One miles North of EECLOO a flare path observed, but thought to be a dummy. Majority of aircraft experienced light and heavy flak in vicinity of targets. Searchlights being very active at all main target areas, and operating in large groups. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather not good, heavy rain squalls experienced. Navigation by D/R and Map, and D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:10 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 03:40

31/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target G.1 Nieuport
Nine aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target, but one failed to locate same and returned to BASE with bombs.
Seven aircraft carried 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs while remaining two carried 14 – 250 lbs G.P. bombs each. PCB.320 reports that he dropped bombs in three sticks of 4,5,6 bombs each, first caused violent explosions and large fires in target area. Second and third seen to burst near first, no accurate observation made. PCB.321 reports that lights observed on road S.E. of NIEUPORT and stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs dropped. Large fire started, numerous red and white flashes commenced after burst. All lights went out.

PCB.324 failed to locate target at NIEUPORT but attacked dock area at OSTEND with stick of 14 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs. Many direct hits registered on docks.

PCB326 first dropped single bomb from 4,500 ft. and direct hit on town observed, two sticks three bombs then next dropped at different times one burst starting a large fire.

PCB.327 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.

PCB.329 attacked target by level bombing from 3,000ft. Three bursts observed in town, and one bomb on second run a direct hit on road which joins OSTEND – NIEUPORT.

PCB.330 dropped stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs and hits observed on main road junction on East side of town.

PCB.332 reports that owing to smoke over target area, impossible to see results of dropping 7 – 500lbs. G.P’s in stick from 3,500ft.

Due to bad visibility over the target area, PCB.335 bombed enemy activity searchlights and A.A. Battery two miles South of POPERINGHE.

Night was poor for observations due to low cloud and smoke pall, but many lights seen along beach, artillery in region of GRAVELINES and many large fires round DUNKIRK.

Very little A.A. Fire experienced, searchlights around OSTEND, and one in target area active. Some put out of action by machine-gun fire. No enemy aircraft seen Weather not the best, 10/10 cloud being predominant and heavy rain showers experienced.
Navigation by D/R and Map reading on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:50 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 02:40

03/06/1940 – Bombing Attack on Target A.28 DUSSELDORF
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, and all carried same bomb load 1.e. 8 – 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T.., 1 – 250lbs. 8hr delay, and one case of incendiaries each.

PCB.339 attacked the target in a level bombing run from 11,000 feet bombs were dropped in a stick of 9 and a number of direct hits were observed and a small fire was started. PCB.341 located the target and precision bombed it with two sticks, height 9,000 feet. The only results observed were those of the incendiaries which burst about 200 yards West of Target.

PCB.346 reports that the target was located without difficulty. All bombs were dropped in one stick from a height of 9,000 feet. Owing to glare of searchlights, bursts were not observed, although it was thought that the target was most likely hit.

PCB.347 reports he carried out his attack from 12,000 feet. A stick of 5 – 250lbs. Bombs being dropped on the target and a further 5 dropped on a wharf at UDESHEIM which could be seen quite clearly by the aid of a parachute flare.

PCB.348 had the misfortune to develop engine trouble when only 5 miles from the target. Searchlights were bombed in the vicinity of KREFOLD two bombs and one container of incendiaries dropped on what appeared to be a factory in VENLOO, hits observed and a fire started.

PCB.353 All bombs were dropped in a stick and were seen to straddle the target, which they found already burning. The incendiaries themselves fell right beside the fire at the target and greatly intensified same.

PCB.354 reports dropping a stick of 9 – -250lbs. G.P. and one container of incendiaries across the target. Near misses were observed and fires were started in the proximity of the target. A dull red fire emitting clouds of black smoke was also seen near the Eastern boundary. Owing to the industrial haze accurate observations could not be made.

PCB.355 reports that the target was located from 10,000 feet at which height he carried out a level bombing attack. On the first run over, and attempt to drop the bombs in a stick failed, so a second run was made and bombs released in a salvo.

Direct hits were observed an explosion occurred followed by a large file, which could still be seen burning a long time after the aircraft had set course for Base.

All aircraft crews report very heavy A.A. Fire in the region of ROTTERDAM airport. There appeared to be many misleading lights in the target area. Presumably the idea being that these would be bombed instead of the real objective. Outside of these odd lights the black-out over the whole of the area was extremely good. Some curious flares were observed off the Danish coast in position 51° 40’ N, 02° 36’ E. These appeared to be stationed on the water.

Very little flak was experienced by any of the aircraft in the target area and such as was, was not very accurate. For miles around the target area searchlights were in great numbers and were very active. Due to ground haze, they appeared to have difficulty in locating the aircraft, but pilots report that if they were held for any short period, no trouble was experienced in getting out of same again. PCB339 and PCB.353 report that thy each had a single engine aircraft fly near them while approaching the target area.

The night was good, there being practically no cloud during any part of the route, a slight ground haze made the target fairly hard to locate Fog was encountered on returning to Base, and some aircraft had to be directed to other aerodromes.
Navigation was by D/R and Map reading on the outward journey and by D’R and homing bearings on the return trip.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. PCB.346 A.28

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:55 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 05:00

05/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Cross-Roads and Marshalling Yards at CAMBRAI
The seven aircraft were detailed to carry out individual attacks on above target.
Two aircraft carried 6 – 500lbs. bombs each (GP) while remaining five carried 12 – 250lbs. bombs each (GP).

PCB.367 reports that the target was located from the lights of flares dropped. The target was precision bombed from 9,000ft, one 500lbs. G.P. bomb was dropped on South East road junction. A stick of 3 – 500lbs. bombs was then dropped on the road running North East out of town, results not observed due to the local ground haze.

PCB.368 also located that target with aid of parachute flares and carried out a shallow dive attack from 10,000 to 7,500ft, from which height bombs released. Two runs made, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs dropped on each run. Sticks seen on main crossroads after each run.

PCB.369 failed to locate given target, so carried out attack on enemy searchlights. Convoy bombed in vicinity of target. Bursts seen, but results unobserved owing to widespread haze.

PCB.370 made run across target from 9,000ft and dropped 6 – -500lbs. bombs in a slow stick. Hits again not seen due to local haze on ground.

PCB.371 attacked railway line and junction at CAMBRAI, dropping all bombs in slow stick, and estimated to have straddled target. Haze again interfered with observations etc..

PCB.372 reports that owing to an error in identifying target DOUAI bombed instead of CAMRAI.
Six 250lbs. bombs dropped in level attack at 6,000ft. One bomb observed along side of railway yard. Next a factory on South side of town attacked and remainder of bombs dropped in two runs. Four bursts observed some 200 feet short of target.

PCB.373 attacked WSW and SSW approaches to town dropped 12 – 250lbs in two sticks. Haze and glare of searchlights prevented results being observed.

Aerodrome on West side of DOUAI reported blazing fiercely after heavy bombing. Only little inaccurate light flak reported over target area, but heavy over DOUAI. Searchlights numerous at all town centres. With abiut 30 around target itself. A clear sky encountered over whole journey, but heavy ground haze made observation difficult.
Navigation by D\R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. PCB.367 Cambrai

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 04:40

07/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on CHIMAY, ST. VALERY, ABBEVILLE, PONT REMY
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks and allotted targets. Seven aircraft carried 8- 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T. and two 500;bs. G.P. bombs, but PCB.376 carried 5- 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T. and six containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.

PCB.376 reports that target located after dropping large delay parachute flare. Two 250lbs. first dropped on road junction, and then containers of incendiaries. Numerous explosions observed and fires started. Remaining 2 – 250lbs. bombs dropped on road junction one mile South of BAILLEUX. Hits observed. Woods and searchlights then machine-gunned from 1,500ft.

PCB.387 allotted target ST.VALERY, which he located and dive bombed with stick of 6 – 250lbs G.P. bombs. Fell across road, rail and canal, and hits observed. A second stick dropped by dive bombing, and one 500lbs. bomb seen to be direct hit on road bridge across SOMME. All bombs released from 1,200ft after diving 3,800ft.

PCB.388 allotted same target as PCB.387 and reports that he dropped all bombs in stick from 9,00 feet. Bridge seen quite clearly and bursts seen in cluster on bridge head junction.

PCB.389 on same target, bombed it with 2 – 250lbs, and 2 – 500lbs. bombs, carried out in a dive from 5,000 – 3,000ft. Aerodrome at ABBEVILLE and cross-roads on ABBEVILLE – HOSDIN road then attacked with 3 – 250lbs. bombs on each objective. Bursts seen, but results no observed.

PCB.390 also on target ST.VALERY, but one hour late in take off due to an enemy air raid alarm, with a result that on reaching target area, found to be covered with low fog and after flying around for a time task given up and bombs brought back to base.

PCB.391 reports that 2 – 250lbs. and 2 – 500lbs. dropped on PONT ST.REMY, results unobserved. 6 – 250lbs bombs then dropped on mechanised convoy on ABBEVILLE – AUXI LE CHATEAU road. Hits were registered.

PCB.392 unable to locate bridge at PONT REMY owing to heavy smoke haze. ABBEVILLE bombed with 6 – 250lbs. bombs in three runs at 6,000ft. ABBEVILLE aerodrome then attacked with remaining bombs. Bursts observed on SW side of landing ground.

PCB.393 reports that due to very bad ground haze unable to pin-point object of attack. So very persistent searchlight and single A.A. gun attacked. Next stick of 5- 250lbs. and 2 – 500lbs, bombs dropped on Eastern extremity of PONT REMY. Bursts seen, results unobserved.
Due to low lying fog and smoke haze over most of target area, little activity seen on ground. Very little A.A. fire experienced by any of aircraft concerned, although PCB.387 whose aircraft was machine gunned from bridge head at ST.VALERY found one bullet hole in Starboard wing, causing extensive damage to main spar.

Very little activity by searchlights.
A clear cloudless sky encountered over whole of journey, but heavy ground haze made location of target difficult, and fog at Base on return necessitated two aircraft PCB.389 and PCB.391 to be directed to other aerodromes.
Navigation by D/R and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. PCB.376 CHIMAY

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:55 – Landed 02:40
Flight Time 04:45

09/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried 4 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and 6 containers of incendiaries.

FCB.395 on target ROCROI and G.5, reports that he dropped 4 containers of incendiaries in target areas and forest fires started. Four 250lbs. G.P. bombs dropped on ROCROI and seen to burst through town, but results unobserved.

FCB.394 on target ROCROI and REVIN, located river MEUSE on E.T.A. by parachute flare and position finally fixed at REVIN. Two 250lbs. bombs dropped from 5,000ft on road 1 mile South of REVIN. Fires started in woods by incendiaries, and had good hold before aircraft left area. A near miss on ROCROI fell on road NW of town. Vehicle machine gunned 2 miles West of THOROUT and lights extinguished.

FCB.397 allotted target CHAREVILLE & G6, started four large fires in area of G6, and dropped stick of 4 – 250lbs. bombs on CHARLEVILLE starting two large fires of a dull red and circular nature.

FCB.402 bombed target G9 with incendiaries, and large fire started in woods between MONTHERME and BRAUX. A stick of four 250lbs. bombs dropped on MEZIERES, owing to intense searchlight glare results not observed.

FCB.411 on target ROCROI and REVIN reports that woods precision bombed with 6 containers of incendiaries and 2 500lbs bombs, starting small fires and causing small explosions, a large blue flash followed immediately by a yellow flash observed. Two 250lbs. bombs dropped over ROCROI from 9,000 feet, again searchlight activity prevented observations.

Heavily defended part of CHARLEVILLE bombed by FCB.396, searchlights extinguished, and load of incendiaries dropped on target G6 close to river. Numerous fires started and explosions caused.

Other aircraft on target G9, FCB.403 reports attacking target by dive bombing dropping incendiaries on woods, starting fires. Town of MEZIERES bombed with 250lbs, bombs but one held up and brought back. Little activity between DUNKIRK and CHARLEVILLE target area heavily defended, numerous white moving lights seen in woods North of G.6 Intense and accurate A.A. fire experienced in target area and FCB.402’s aircraft hit in Port wing by shrapnel splinters. Searchlights intensively accurate all over target area. FCB.402 heavily machine-gunned same, without visual effect. One HE110 seen by FCB.395single engine machine fired at FCB.411, but sheared off after retaliation by rear gunner. Weather cloudless and clear in target area. Navigation by D/R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. FCB.394 ROCROI & REVIN

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 04:45

11/06/1940 – Special Duty to ‘PAMELA’
59 aircraft, including six 75 Squadron Wellingtons, bombed various targets in Germany and France. All of the 18 Wellingtons carried out incendiary raids on Black Forest targets in an attempt to cause widespread forest fires. This was one of the British pre-war ‘Western Air Plans’. There is no evidence that the forest attacks or other fire-raising attacks on the German harvest (which continued over several weeks) brought any success. They were considered a waste of effort when things were going badly for Britain,
Six aircraft and crews proceeded on Special Duty to “Pamela”.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best*, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter*, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert*, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator. P/O Alfred Basil Charles/ Sgt. James Covenry Heppenstall*, RAF 76005/ NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

* details of crew not recorded – proposed based on crew members before and after this Op.

Take Off m – Landed m
Flight Time –

19/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.39 and L.82.
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks. Five aircraft carried 5 – 500lbs. S.A.P. bombs, two 5 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs, and the remaining one carried 9 – 250lbs. bombs and one case of incendiaries.

LCB.462 reports that his bombs dropped in shallow dive attack at 5,000feet. Results unobserved.

LCB.463 dropped stick of 5 – 500lbs S.A.P. bombs from N to S over target. Hits believed to have been attained. Target first attacked by dive bombing to 2,000 feet, but had to be broken off due t intense light flak, so level attack carried out then at 7,000 feet.

LCB.464 kept in formation with LCB.462 until target located, as instructed. Attack carried out in shallow dive from 8,000 to 5,000 feet, at which height bombs released. Bursts observed on Western bank along-side lock gates. Damage inflicted, not noted.

LCB.465 reports that bombing results were not observed.

LCB.466 reports weather conditions assisted in location of target, moon illuminated target. A good run and sight made and close stick dropped, but bursts not observed, as they were S.A.P. bombs.
At base of dive from 10,400 to 7,500 feet LCB.467 released stick of bombs, although target clearly visible, nil results observed.

After failing to locate target owing to ground haze, LCB.474 attacked rail and road bridge at DUSSELDORF. Stick of five overshot target area. Appeared to fall in what might have been docks on Rhine.

LCB.475 attacked from SE to NW along parallel railway and road from COLOGNE in shallow dive releasing bombs in stick, with incendiaries following. Six bursts observed between road and railway. Every possibility of hit indicated, grey smoke seen last coming from position of bomb bursts. Incendiaries caused initial fires, but doubtful whether would last.
Balloons noticed flying over all main towns on route to and from target and over AMSTERDAM, height 6,000 to 8,000 feet.

Heavy flak noticed over OSNABRUCK and numerous searchlights, also over AMSTERDAM.

LCB.462 reports that one ME.109 seen off Dutch Coast at 8,000 feet, did not attack.

Weather good over whole part of route and moon to pilots advantage.
Navigation by D/R and visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. LCB.462 M.39

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 05:55

24/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets F.19 & A.108
One of eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, five carried 7 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each, remaining aircraft on target A.108 carried 10 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each.

LCB.483 reports that no results observed due to heavy haze over target area.

LCB.484 reports that bombs dropped in stick at base of a dive, interval between bombs of .5 second, but results of 350lbs bombs not observed.

LCB.485 unable to locate exact position of F.19 so bombs dropped from E to W on South side of KASSEL. One 250lbs bomb observed to burst, and fires started by incendiaries, large explosion followed by a gush of white flame from centre of the fires.

LCB.489 located target by following autobahn and river from MUNDEN. Bombs dropped in stick in shallow dive from SW to NE, bursts observed. Have prevented further observations.

LCB,490 attacked secondary target (M434) at HAMM (Railway Marshalling Yards). Weather conditions made task difficult. Whole bomb loads dropped from 12,000 ft. Railway lines seen clearly in Marshalling yards and bursts seen in vicinity, large fires observed to follow.
Target F.19 not attacked by KCB.491 town and Eastern approaches not distinguishable. Flak Battery at KASSEL bombed, ceased firing, aerodrome buildings at LIPPSTADT, and flak Battery on outskirts of MUNSTER, where incendiaries caused fires. Battery did not resume fire.

LCB.501 reports DORTMUND located and although actual factory not seen, vicinity located and bombed. All bombs being dropped in one stick and all bursts observed, but results could not be ascertained. High level attack at 9,500 feet.

In target area a flare dropped by LCB.502 which illuminated target, but extinguished before bombing run completed. No other flares dropped due to thick haze. Blast furnaces in vicinity of A.108 then attacked at 00.35 hours from 9,000 feet. Bomb bursts seen, but no material damage observed. A few small fires started, but did not last more than 2 minutes.

Two balloons observed flying over KASSEL area, and flare path extinguished ay KASSEL aerodrome on approach of first aircraft. Both light and heavy flak experienced over targets. Searchlights numerous and active, and around all main towns. Weather fair throughout, heavy haze over target made identification difficult. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. LCB.489 F.19

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:35
Flight Time 05:45

26/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.431, H.49, and M.122
Each of Eight aircraft who took part from this Unit carried 8 – 250lbs. N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 6hr. delay bomb, and 1 – 250lbs 12 hr. delay, and one case of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.

DCB.513 reports that results not observed owing to heavy haze over target area.

DCB.514 dropped bombs in stick and three large fires started, and several smaller ones West of target, one very large white explosion observed.

OSNABRUCK located by DCB.515 and level attack from East to West carried out, on Marshalling yards.

Bombs observed to burst on marshalling yard and incendiaries started numerous fires on buildings. Fires were punctuated with many explosions followed by gushes of white flame, still burning when target left.

DCB.516 reports bombs dropped on railway bridges one mile east of VOLLINGHOUSEN. All bombs seen to burst and flaming debris appeared to come to great height. Damage felt to be severe. Bombing height 3,000ft.

DCB.517 reports that bomb load dropped in one salvo, which it is estimated hit target in SE corner. Numerous small fires started, which caused small explosions sometime after target had been left.
Bombs dropped in one stick in level attack by DCB.518 and bursts observed on aerodrome and three in buildings. Large explosion followed burst of one bomb, and for large fires were started.

DCB.519 reports that primary target (M122) Marshalling yards at SCHWERTE located and believed bombed successfully from 12,000ft. Close stick dropped on SW course and eight bursts observed by rear gunner in vicinity of target, and also fires.
Original target at SCWERTE not located by DCB.520 due to thunderstorms, but SCHIPOL attacked by dive bombing from 9,000ft to 2,500ft. A stick of 10 bombs and incendiaries dropped right across aerodrome WSW – ENE about 250 yards from hangars. First three bursts seen, but searchlights prevented anything being seen.

A number of dummy flare paths observed, exact positions not definitely pin-pointed. Balloons seen over HAMM, and A.A. fire fairly intense over OSNABRUCK, very heavy over WAALHAVEN and SCHIPOL. Searchlights very intense over all target areas. Weather not good, thunderstorms prevalent making observations difficult in most areas. Icing experienced above 8,000ft in clouds. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. DCB.518 M.122

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 03:05
Flight Time 04:50

30/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Forest South of FRANKFURT
Six aircraft from this unit started out to attack above target individually, with object of setting fire to same, but unfortunately one aircraft had to return to base due to burst oil pipe in rear turrets. (CB.543).

Five of aircraft carried sic containers of 25lbs incendiaries, while sixth machine loaded with six 250lbs special type incendiaries.

CB.541 reports five large fires seen to be burning when left the target area, one in village of WALLDORF, which he claims was bombed inadvertently.

CB.542 reports a line of fires two miles long laid on course 230 degrees Mag. From FRANKFURT. Attack carried out from 11,000ft. Target area left at 00.25hrs, and for distance of 15 miles 14 fires still seen to be burning until cloud obscured them. Thought that fires would not spread to any degree.

In case of CB.543 when over North Sea at 22.40hrs Rotating Service Joint on rear turret blew out, flooding turret with oil and placing turret U/S. Was decided to return to base, rather than carry on.

Bombs dropped from 9,000ft by CB.544 at nine second intervals, to give half mile interval. Bombs not observed to burst, but four small isolated fires observed at approx. 5 minutes after bombs dropped.

CB.545 reports that area given to bomb located after some difficulty bombs were dropped as per instructions. Fires seen to start, but greatly diminished before leaving, but did not completely go out.

An exact pin-point could not be obtained, but position determined as just South West of FRANKFURT. Every ½ miles bombed in circle, but fires did not persist.

Balloons seen to be flying at COLOGNE and over FRANKFURT, and a little inaccurate light flak over latter experienced. Many hundreds of searchlights over the RUHR and a few at FRANKFURT, while none over target itself.

Weather good throughout trip, over target area ground haze made observations difficult. Ground fog experienced on return to base and three aircraft landed safely at WYTON where they were directed.
Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. CB.544 Forest South of FRANKFURT

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Jack Gibbs, RAFVR 625697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 04:10
Flight Time 06:25

18/07/1942 – Bombing Attacks on Target K.56
The six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks from this unit carried a very mixed bomb load, total number as follows:-
54 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and various delay and also 6 cases of incendiaries.

CB.621 reports (ROTENBURG aerodrome) located and believed bombed successfully. Difficulty experienced in locating target, but finally a close stick dropped on hangars and aerodrome, four bursts seen. After run, about six fires observed burning in vicinity.

Bombs dropped in level sticks by CB.622 from 9,000ft. Rear Gunner reports two bombs of first stick hit hangars. Second and third sticks dropped and bombs seen to burst, but results not observed. Small fire started on target. Difficulty experienced with S.B.C. on compartment could not be released.

CB.623 reports, we were unable to definitely locate K.56 even after a two hour search in the direct locality. The DORTMUND canal was attacked but not hit.

CB.624 reports, due to an error in pin-pointing the target K.56 was not attacked, but the aerodrome of BOMLITZ was bombed with 6 – 250lbs delay bombs, results not known. Next attack on two stationary trains in marshalling yards at SOLTAU, heavy explosions followed bombing, and a large fire started which could still be seen at a distance of 39 miles, height only 3,000ft. Both attacks carried out instep dive, bombs being released from 3,000ft.
The primary target K.56 could not n=be accurately determined by CB.625, with result that aerodrome at UTERSEN was attacked. No results could be seen with any degree of accuracy.

CB.626 reports, a large building at road and rail junction observed to be hit by a 1 – 250lbs. bomb and incendiaries caused 3 large yellow fires on buildings.
Balloons were observed flying at heights up to 12,000ft at BREMEN, 14,000ft at HAMBURG, and up to12,000ft at OLDENBURG.

A.A. fire intense and accurate, heavy, encountered at 10,000ft to 14,000ft over OLDENBURG, BREMEN and HAMBURG. Searchlights very active over whole of the area.

CB.624 reports three M.E.110’s carried out a dive, but sheered off without firing due to enemy ground action. 10/10 cloud up to 12,000ft was met on way to target, but in target area itself, the weather was perfect. Navigation by D/R, visual and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. CB.622 K.56

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Jack Gibbs, RAFVR 625697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 06:30

25/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets, F.18, M.434, and KASSEL
Nine Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out the above operations. The Squadron suffered its third loss since began operations when CB.661 (F/O Coleman) failed to return. CB.668 returned to base after being out for 2 1/2hrs, due to electrical trouble.

Total bomb load carried was:- 40 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused 6hr delay 3 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – containers of 4lbs incendiaries.

CB.654 reports, original target A.19 GOTHER not attacked due to low visibility, so aerodrome at KASSEL attacked. Bombs dropped from 12,000ft in level attack. Hits unobserved due to concentrated flak and searchlights.

One 250lbs bomb dropped on flare path of aerodrome at LIPPSTADT by CB.655. Fell just outside aerodrome. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Stick of 4 – 250lbs, G.P.’s and 1 – S.B.C. dropped from 7,000ft on target F.19 from S.E. to N.W. Two fell short, one burst on boundary road to S.E., one and incendiaries hit buildings in area. Large fires started, burning red, green and orange. Explosions in fires lit up aircraft at 7,000ft. above target. Five bundles Nickels dropped between KASSEL and GOTHA.

CB.656 reports, unable to locate F.18, owing to 6/10 low cloud at 2,000ft. Attacked target F.19 in dive bombing attack from 10-8,000 feet, releasing stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T. and one container of incendiaries. Results unobserved due to light and heavy flak and searchlights, violent evasive action taken.

Results not observed by CB.659 owing to ground haze and intense searchlight and heavy flak activity.

A dive attack made by CB.660 from 11,000ft – 8,000ft the bombs being dropped in stick at base of dive. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity.

CB.666 unable to locate target due to ground haze, stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs burst on flare path at DUISBURG. Fires started, flare path at EINDHOVEN also bombed with 6 – 250lbs bombs and incendiaries. Run up excellent. Results not observed due to cloud. Time 00.30 hours.

CB.667 reports, bombs had to be released in order to evade A.A. fire. No results observed.
Owing to electrical failure CB.668 returned to base after 1hrs flying. No bombs dropped.
Balloons flying at all main towns, marked increase in number of flare paths to target, thought to be dummies.

A.A. fire heavy over SCHIPOL, ROTTERDAM, KASSEL, GOTHA and intense in the RUHR. Searchlights active over whole area. Three enemy fighters seen by CB.659 over PADERBORN, no attack made. 5/10 cloud experienced most of way and local haze persistent over RUHR etc. Cold frost met on reaching English coast on return, and heavy and low cloud.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. CB.655 F.19 KASSEL

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Jack Gibbs, RAF 625697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 06:50

06/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.73 and A.28.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights etc..,

CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.* or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.
Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnaces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.

CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.

Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.

CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.

Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B
Raid No. CB.713 A.73

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O James Cecil Fleming, RAF 44402 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
F/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:33 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 05:12

15/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.85.
Attacks taken all round were very successful, nine out of ten aircraft detailed from this Unit finding and bombing primary target.

Two level attacks made by CB.774 from 11,000ft. Explosions illuminated aircraft at this height. Incendiaries started several small fires, but quickly extinguished after about 5 minutes.
Three level attacks carried out by CB.775 from 9,000ft West to East. Many hits observed on buildings and incendiaries started many fierce fires. One terrific explosion with vivid white flash and many minor explosions occurred.

CB.776 reports, bombs seen to fall in target area. Large fire started which could be seen for a considerable distance on homeward journey.

CB.777 reports, target successfully attacked. Fires started. One stick at 10,000ft.
Target located and stick dropped across target, by CB.776. Small fires started, smoke plainly visible. Bombs dropped in level stick by CB779 from 10,000ft from South to North. Bursts observed across target AND SEVERAL fires started. Explosions followed, in fires. Nickels dropped N.W. RUHR.

CB.750 reports, one run at 8,700ft, hits believed observed. Second run at 9,000ft, dummy. Third run 8,700ft, hits almost certain. Large columns of white smoke observed over target.

Primary target could not be definitely identified by CB.781, owing to scattered cloud and searchlights. Bombs dropped in stick from 9,000ft on railway junction at LUNEN. Two bombs observed to straddle main crossing and remainder fell along Northern railway line.

No difficulty in locating target by CB.782 and perfect run up made at 11,000ft. Bombs dropped in stick from this height, and hits believed to have been made on target.

Target located and precision bombed by CB.783. Height 12,500ft. Time 23.36hrs. Wireless Operator observed three bomb bursts with white flashes on E of target.

Balloons observed to be flying at 12,000ft over AMSTERDAM, DORTMUND, AND HAMM.
A.A. Fire was heavy and accurate in the RUHR area.

Searchlights very active over the whole area. Enemy aircraft were observed , by about three crews, one seen trailing one of our sorties, in target area, but after a series of bursts by Rear Gunner, made off.
Weather, moderate 4/10 cloud over target, but this cloud did not hinder operations. Visibility was perfect.
Navigation was by D/R, and visual observation mainly, although homing bearings were used in some cases.
“All our aircraft returned safely”.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. CB.777 L.85
S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O James Cecil Fleming, RAF 44402 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Jack Gibbs, RAFVR 625697 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:21 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 05:29