D.J. Harkness crew 28.06.40

15/03/1940 – Two Aircraft carried out Operational exercise. Special Sweep, as detailed in No.3 Group Operation Order No.7, dated 14.3.40.
Both aircraft were airborne at FELTWELL at 10.30 hours and set course at 10.34 hours in formation with P.9207 leading. The coast was crossed at 10.50 hours and course set for the target area.

Fix requested from HULL by aircraft P,9212 at 11.35 hours , but not available until 12.50 hrs, when half-way down on correct line, but South of actual position, formation proceeded to position but, target not located. Sweep carried out this area and returned to Base direct. Little activity noticed other than numerous friendly aircraft and a few ships. Coast was cut at HOLME-NEXT-THE-SEA at 14.20 hours, sighting FELTWELL at 14.35 hours and landing at 14.40.
Had fix been received when requested, instead of 1hr. 15 mins later, the error in co-ordinates would have been discovered and the destroyer probably located.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9207 AA-?

F/O John Noel Collins, RNZAF NZ2513 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. G. Thorpe, RAFVR 523426 – Observer.
AC Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Wireless Operator.
AC John Stanley Brooks, RAFVR 622115 – Front Gunner.
AC Gibb, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 10:30 – Landed 14:40
Flight Time 04:10

27/03/1940 – Reconnaissance and Nickle Operation. Brunswick – ULZEN – LUNEBURG) Raid No.s. PCB136, PCB137, PCB138, respectively.
The three Wellington aircraft took off independently and proceeded to a point at 54* 06′ N – 06* 00′ E, from which point a course was set for DORUM on the German coast. Nickels were dropped over the areas named above from heights of 7,000 to 10,000 feet, and from 14,000 feet over HOOGE. Navigation was by DR and Astro, very few D/F fixes were obtained and were considered unreliable. PCB.136 (S/Ldr. Kay) had considerable success with Astro navigation and this proved fortunate, for later, while entering heavy cumulus clouds the W/T transmitter burned out and was useless for the remainder of the flight. Latitude checks on the Pole Star particularly, were extremely useful and reasonably accurate, although conditions were made extremely awkward for ‘Astro’ by the exceptionally bumpy weather prevailing. The freezing up of the Astro-dome was also severe, the temperature being -28*. The weather generally 7/10 to 10/10 from 3,000 – 10,000 ft, but over the target areas hazy with slight rain. Visibility generally very good. The strength of the wind was considerably in excess of the Met: forecast, especially over the sea on the return trip. The only A.A. fire encountered was over HAMBURG and the German FREISAN ISLANDS. Bursts were noticed near HAMBURG at about 8,000 feet.
Searchlights were active near HAMBURG and the ISLANDS OF NORDEONEY, WANTROOG AND SYLT. No trouble was experienced in avoiding them. As soon as engines were put out of synchronisation the lights fell away. Only one aircraft seen at AMRUM with navigation lights on, these were switched off immediately, and the aircraft disappeared. No Balloons observed.

General Reconnaissance.
It was possible to locate only a few positions and these only when lighted by the moon. HAMBURG especially the dock areas and canals leading to them was clearly visible. Such positions as the junction of the South and JADE CANALS were recognised. Considerable flooding was noticed in the lower areas. Blast furnaces were clearly visible near HAMBURG.

GROUP INSTRUCTIONS NO.25 PARA 13
(a) BRUNSWICK, LUNEBURG, and ULZEN
(b) Areas around the above towns
(c) Cloudy 10/10th. with haze underneath.
(d) Moon three quarters full and bright when not covered by cloud.
(e) Targets covered by low cloud.
(f) two targets only, located with difficulty.
(g) does not apply.
(h) (LUNEBURG) by layout and railways.
(Brunswick) by following river from HAMBURG and thence by compass course to objective.
(j) Does not apply
(K) Targets not seen clearly, but, precision bombing could have been carried out on Docks and shipping at HAMBURG, canals and waterways, and also the German Islands in the Heligoland Bight.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9207 AA-?
Raid No. PCB.137

F/O John Noel Collins, RNZAF NZ2513 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. G. Thorpe, RAFVR 523426 – Observer.
AC Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Wireless Operator.
AC John Stanley Brooks, RAFVR 622115 – Front Gunner.
AC Gibb, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:40 – Landed 08:15
Flight Time 09:35

12/04/1940 – Daylight reconnaissance to Narvik, Norway
We were detailed by 18 (Coastal Group), via “Operations” at Wick, to take off on the morning of the 12th April. 1940, for a daylight reconnaissance of the Norwegian coast as far North as Narvik.

The aircraft used was a Wellington Mk.I fitted with long range petrol tanks, which brings the capacity up to 1,000 gallons. It also carried a reserve oil tank in the fuselage of 15 gallons which can be pumped by hand in the cabin to the engines. The wireless used was normal general purpose R.1082 and T.1083 communication set. IFF equipment was not installed in the aircraft and no movement serial indicator (identification signal) was available. A loop, from another aircraft at Bassingbourne was fitted by the Wireless Operator, during the short time available, but although an attempt was made by him during the trip, it was not successful. During the entire flight the Wireless Operator made every endeavour to contact 18(Group) control station, but was unable to do so.

Before proceeding the W/T Operator reported to the station Signals Officer, at Wick, for instructions and the operator satisfied himself that his set was serviceable, before course was set to Narvik. Difficulty was experienced getting bearings of fixes, on the MF frequency, although stations were contacted at a good strength within working range. D/F verification tables were available and used. On request, KIRKWALL MF station, was working satisfactorily at dusk, when nearing Base on the return journey. This Wellington had been used for training purposes at Bassingbourne and only a short time was available in which to make it operationally serviceable as possible.

The armament carried was one front gun and two in the rear turret, these were manned during most of the flight. It is suggested that in future trips of this description, two 250lb. bombs be carried. As it is considered that a Wellington Mk.I could take off with this load, at WICK, given a fair wind, quite satisfactorily. Course was set to NARVIK, over WICK aerodrome, at 08.00 hours at a height of 1,000 feet. The weather experienced during the first half of this leg was fine with a visibility of about 12 miles, cl. 3-4/10, height 1,200 feet, and on the second half visibility 2-3 miles generally, and 100 yards in heavy squally showers, cl 10/10.

The clouds obscured the Norwegian coast, therefore no reconnaissance was possible on the outward journey. During this course several British Warships challenged us and the correct procedure was complied with. At 1233 hours we passed over an Italian Merchant Ship, proceeding South at approximately 10kts, in a heavy sea. Landfall was made at LOFOTEN ISLANDS at 1305 hours. The visibility on the coast was on average approximately 2-3 miles, 10/10 clouds at 800 ft. with an extremely strong wind blowing causing most unpleasant conditions. Great difficulty was experienced in controlling the aircraft when flying alongside these mountains in the Fjords. A reconnaissance of the VEST FJORB and photographs were taken between 13.30 and 14.30 hours. As we proceeded into the FJORD weather conditions rapidly deteriorated, clouds came down to about 300ft. and almost sea level in places, causing visibility at times of 500 yards and lower. A great effort was made to reach NARVIK, but although we were nearly at our objective we had to turn back for our own safety as we were flying at 200ft, in a heavy snow storm with the clouds closing in on us, making us wonder if we could make a safe exit.

During the entire reconnaissance of the FJORD we had extremely bad conditions of flying and the most terrific bumps members of the crew had ever experienced. An enemy aircraft believed to be a Junkers 86 appeared to be doing a reconnaissance in the FJORD also. It made no effort to attack although we prepared for action.

Course was set for Base at 14.30 hours and on leaving FJORD two destoyers were observed escorting a merchant ship towards NARVIK. On tis route we observed the Norwegian coast for quite a time and no activity was observed. Very bad weather was again experienced, and we finally sighted the SHETLAND ISLANDS at 20.15 hours. A night landing was made at WICK at 22.00 hours.

Total Flying Time:- 14 hrs. 30 minutes.
Petrol Consumed:- 933 gallons. 37 gallons left.
Total distance flown:- Over 2,060 miles.
Average Petrol Consumption;- 2.14 m.p.g.
Oil Consumed:- 21 gallons. = 11.6 pints per hr.

The strong winds experienced caused the trip to take longer than expected, making the average ground speed 93kts.

Wellington Mk.1A L.4387 AA-?

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
L/Cmdr F.O. Howie, Royal Navy – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Wireless Operator.
LAC Edwin Peter Williams, RAFVR 550880 – Front Gunner.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RNZAF 624569 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 08:00 – Landed 22:00
Flight Time 14:00

12/05/1940 – Bombing attacks on Target A.J.8. (Krefold-Verdingen)
The three Wellingtons Aircraft carried out individual attacks on A.J.8c(KREFELD-VERDINGEN) in accordance with instructions contained in Form “B” 133 of 12/5/40. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs, 50% fused N.D.T. and 50% fused 3,6,8 and 12 hour delay in equal proportions, that is over the three aircraft.

TCB.192 reported that target was located by light on KREFELD Aerodrome and glimpse of bend in river RHINE. A stick of 9 bombs dropped from 10,000ft. at 22.55hrs, but 3 bombs held up owing to trouble with electrical circuit. Not possible to see bursts of bombs, as evasive action was taken owing to intense searchlights activity. TCB.193 easily located target at 23.04 hrs. and at 23.10 hrs all 12 bombs were released in a stick from 11,000 feet. Results of bursts not observed, but fires started by previous attacks. Four bombs dropped in a stick from 10,000ft at 23.06 hrs by TCB.194 after locating target at 23.05hrs, these noticed to burst each side of existing fires. A further 4 bomb dropped on line of transport moving Southwest from target, seen to burst at head of column. Remaining bombs dropped column moving West along road running West from target, burst noticed between first and second vehicles. The forth bomb held up and had to be jettisoned over target area. Numerous fires noticed on both sides of RHINE and in HOLLAND Parachute flares seen in ANTWERP at 00.15hrs followed by what appeared to be four Red incendiary bombs dropped in centre of town in form of stick and followed few minutes later by stick of four presumed green incendiary bombs. A.A. fire quite active but not accurate over target and RUHR areas, inaccurate light flak also seen and searchlights very active over these two areas. Only one enemy aircraft seen near ANTWERP, but identity could not be established. Weather good and clear, considerable light given by moon. Navigation by D.R. and Map reading on outward flights and D.R. and D/F fixes on return.

All aircraft had landed safely at Base by 02.00hrs.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
LAC Edwin Peter Williams, RNZAF NZ38235 – Wireless Operator.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RNZAF 624569 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 01:10
Flight Time 04:00

15/05/1940 – Bombing Attack on Target A.79 (Holten Sterkrade) and Target A.H.18 (Bridges at Turnhout)
Three aircraft attempted to attack target A.79 and three A.H.18, all attacks being made independently.
Aircraft on target A.79 carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. fused 50% N.D.T. and 50% 6,8 and 12 hour delay.
Aircraft on target A.H.18 carried 12 – 250lbs G.P. 50% N.D.T and 50% 3,6,8 and 12 hours delay.
Only TCB.210 able to find target owing to exceptionally poor visibility. Stick of 12 bombs dropped by TCB.210 on by TCB.210 on bridge over canal at TURNHOUT, height 4,000 feet, bursts observed from canal at about 100 yards to North.

Four aircraft returned with bombs, but the fifth jettisoned load in Sea.
Many fires observed in all areas. A.A. fire slight in target area, but heavy over HOLLAND. Searchlights numerous in target area and generally all over enemy territory. No enemy aircraft seen. Weather very hazy over all areas with 9/10’s Cumulo-Nimbus from Easter HOLLAND to RUHR area.

Thunder and lightening interfered with W/T.
Navigation by D.R. and W/T bearings. All aircraft returned safely, but operations a failure owing to weather conditions.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
LAC Edwin Peter Williams, RNZAF NZ38235 – Wireless Operator.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RNZAF 624569 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 03:05
Flight Time 05:20

17/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets, A.64, A.75, A.79, M.435, M.464, M.458, AC.6 and AC.7
Attacks were made independently each aircraft 12 – 250lbs. bombs the fusing for each aircraft’s bomb load being 3 N.D.T., 6 D.A. and 31/2hr delay.
Target AC.6 bombed with 2 sticks of 3 bombs and direct hits seen to strike centre of base of bridge. On target AC.7 stick of 6 dropped across road and rail bridges on river MAAS. TCB.214 reported that target A.75 successfully attacked and also convoy at VALHENSWAARD, 6 direct hits being observed. TCB.215 bombed Blast Furnaces of target in RUHR, but results not known, due to intense searchlight activity, afterwards attacked a mechanized unit from 1,500 feet and direct hits observed. Both TCB.216 and 217 failed to locate targets and returned to Base with bomb load. Bombs dropped on target A.64 by TCB.218 only after difficulty due to low cloud.
Black-out over whole area good, but all targets hard to locate due to slight ground haze.

Illuminated drome 8 miles West of WESEL, thought to be a dummy. A.A. fire active and light flak intense and accurate, All aircraft held in searchlights beams in all areas, harder to escape than usual, no enemy aircraft observed.

Aircraft landed at other dromes due to fog at Base.
Navigation by D/R and Map Reading on outward flights and by D/R and D/F fixes and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
LAC Edwin Peter Williams, RNZAF NZ38235 – Wireless Operator.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RNZAF 624569 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:50 – Landed 04:20
Flight Time 05:30

19/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried out individual attacks and carried 6. 250 lbs. G.P. and 6 containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs each.

On run up to target KCB.235 received heavy burst of machine-gun fire, result that 2nd Pilot struck by bullet in right shoulder and main bonded cable for bomb release equipment shot away. KCB.238? attacked road targets at HAYBES, starting many fires. Afterwards convoy of 10 trucks attacked in nearby road, hits observed. One incendiary container and one 250lbs. bomb failed to release. Targets FUMAY and TUBIZE successfully attacked by KCB.237, hits being observed on both. Rail junction 3 miles South of MEZIERES bombed with three 250lbs. bombs two direct hits observed, a further three bombs dropped on railway north of DEVILLE bursting at side of the line. Incendiary bombs then dropped on wood one mile East of MONTHERNE and fires started.

KCB.239 attacked large mechanised column at FUMAY with 3 250lbs. bombs and rear gunner sprayed with machine-gun fire, hits observed. Target “B” at FUMAY attacked with 6 containers of incendiaries, and road and rail bridge at NIVELLES bombed. KCB.240 bombed woods 5 miles West of VOUZIERS and convoy of transport waggons, many seen to catch fire. KCB.241 reports dropping incendiaries in woods ½ mile South of HAYBES and attacked bridge, hits observed on road alongside.

Many fires seen, visibility excellent. A.A. fire extremely heavy and accurate in target area and fur machines sustained hits, one having a 3” shell pass right through the PORT aileron, without exploding and searchlights active and accurate.

A few enemy aircraft seen on flight. Navigation by D.R. and Map Reading on way out and D.R. and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B
Target: Fumay

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
LAC Edwin Peter Williams, RNZAF NZ38235 – Wireless Operator.
AC Jack Gibbs, RAFVR 625697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:25 – Landed 01:10
Flight Time 03:45

21/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Aachen and Dinant)
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets, six on target AACHEN and two on target DINANT.
All aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T. bombs each.

KCB.248 dropped 12 bombs on Marshalling yards and scored direct hits, and also KCB.249.

KCB. 252 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.

KCB.253, KCB.256, KCB257 successfully attacked target, but unable to observe results due to intense searchlight activity. KCB.256 proceeded and attacked Power Station on S.E. of MAASTRICHT dropping three sticks of two bombs each. Two hits seen on railway siding beside station.

KCB.267 attacked road and rail bridge at DINANT, all strikes very near.

KCB.266 also on target failed to return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RAFVR 624569 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Malcolm James Miller, RAF 75697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 01:25
Flight Time 03:45

23/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
Six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks, but just prior to taking off one machine (KCB.274 F/O Williams) developed engine trouble and did not go.

12 – 250 lbs. G.P. bombs were carried by each aircraft. KCB.272 attacked target in two shallow dives dropping a stick of 6 bombs on each run. Results not definitely known due to searchlights, but bursts seen near bridge, which was object of attack. KCB.275 reports that on his E.T.A over target came down through clouds and found himself to be in ring of 12 searchlights with a small amount of light flak coming up. . Two sticks of 3 bombs each dropped on centre of flash and three sticks of two bombs each dropped on different groups, which went out and stayed out.

A stick of 12 bombs were dropped along direction of BRUSSELS – GEMBLOUX railway line by KCB. 279, results not known again due to searchlights. Results not observed by KCB,280 who attacked target on cross roads by diving and releasing a stick of 12 bombs.

KCB.281 did not locate target, but located a convoy of approximately 50 vehicles in road between WAVRE and GEMBLOUX on which he dropped a stick of six bombs. Second stick of six dropped on row of searchlights bordering NAMUR. Two direct hits estimated.

On the whole observations of ground activity were very obscured due to large amount of cloud extending over whole of target area. Black-out over whole area exceptionally good. All aircraft experienced both light and heavy flak, especially accurate light flak from NAMUR.

Searchlights very active and accurate, seen to be operating in groups of up to 12 in most areas. No enemy aircraft observed. The weather was not good, very heavy cumulus clouds extending from 5,000 to 14,000 feet with ice accretion being experienced over 8,000ft. Clouds too thick to gain advantage from moon. Navigation by D/R. on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

S/L Wilfred Ira Collet, RAF 34232 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RAFVR 624569 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Malcolm James Miller, RAF 75697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:25 – Landed 01:35
Flight Time 04:10

25/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Target AR.10) and Reconnaissance of Area Between Courtrai and Brussels
Six aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on target AR.10 and two to carry out Reconnaissance between COUTRAI and BRUSSELS, which was to last for 1hr. 40mins. One of the six (NCB.292) returned to base with engine trouble, developed whilst crossing English coast on outward journey. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.

No troop movements seen by NCB.286 over reconnaissance area, but a railway junction was successfully bombed at ENGHIEN, eight direct hits being seen. NCB.289 carried on reconnaissance after NCB.286, but also unable to observe enemy movements, so bombs were dropped on main road at OPPASHELT and rail junction at NINOVE, with direct hits.

NCB.293 reports that he bombed the wood around the target area, and bursts were seen but no results observed. Small lights in wood machine-gunned for 3 minutes, Owing to adverse weather conditions NCB.294 unable to locate target, but road junction with convoy of vehicles crossing was attacked with a stick of 12 bombs being dropped.

NCB.295 also unable to locate target, so decided to attack COUTRAI – AUDENARDE road dropping 6 bombs, and one hit observed. Remaining 6 bombs dropped on AUDENARDE 0 GHENT road just North of EYNE, two direct hits observed. Many large fires started by NCB.296 who located target by aid of parachute flares. At 00.59 hrs. target was located by NCB.297 who precision bombed same from 8,500ft, bombs observed to burst, and many fires started.

On the whole black-out was good, but many large fires seen around OSTEND, DUNKIRK, and CALAIS. One miles North of EECLOO a flare path observed, but thought to be a dummy. Majority of aircraft experienced light and heavy flak in vicinity of targets. Searchlights being very active at all main target areas, and operating in large groups. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather not good, heavy rain squalls experienced. Navigation by D/R and Map, and D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RAFVR 624569 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Malcolm James Miller, RAF 75697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:45 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 04:40

28/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory Roulers and Menin)
Seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. Only two able to definitely locate target, which they bombed (due to bad visibility)
A nixed bomb load was ordered NCB.307 and 314 carried 11 – 250lbs. G.P. and one case of incendiary each. NCB.308, 309 and 317, 12 – 250lbs. while NCB.315 and 516 carried 6 – 500lbs. G.P.’s.

NCB.308 reports that he attacked target by dive bombing from 2,500 feet in two successive dives and dropped bombs in stick of six each time. Direct hits seen on centre of target, and many lights seen to extinguish.

NCB.516 reports that he located target from 5,000 feet and carried out precision bombing as follows:- One bomb 5,000 feet, two bombs from 5,500 feet and three bombs from 4,000 feet, results not observed owing to pall of smoke over whole area.

Night poor for observations, only thing of importance reported was large fires around all main centres.
Very little A.A. Fire encountered by any aircraft, and such as was being inaccurate.
Searchlights quite active over whole of area but no trouble experienced in evading area.
No enemy aircraft were observed.
Weather not good, heavy rain squalls experienced throughout whole journey. Over the target area the cloud base was broken at 1,000 feet and high clouds extended up to 12,000 feet. Thunderstorms very prevalent. Heavy ground mist experienced on return to Base and 5 aircraft ordered to land at MILDENHALL.
Navigation by D/R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 dnc AA-B

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RAFVR 624569 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Malcolm James Miller, RAF 75697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:50 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 04:00

31/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target G.1 Nieuport
Nine aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target, but one failed to locate same and returned to BASE with bombs.
Seven aircraft carried 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs while remaining two carried 14 – 250 lbs G.P. bombs each. PCB.320 reports that he dropped bombs in three sticks of 4,5,6 bombs each, first caused violent explosions and large fires in target area. Second and third seen to burst near first, no accurate observation made. PCB.321 reports that lights observed on road S.E. of NIEUPORT and stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs dropped. Large fire started, numerous red and white flashes commenced after burst. All lights went out.

PCB.324 failed to locate target at NIEUPORT but attacked dock area at OSTEND with stick of 14 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs. Many direct hits registered on docks.

PCB326 first dropped single bomb from 4,500 ft. and direct hit on town observed, two sticks three bombs then next dropped at different times one burst starting a large fire.

PCB.327 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.

PCB.329 attacked target by level bombing from 3,000ft. Three bursts observed in town, and one bomb on second run a direct hit on road which joins OSTEND – NIEUPORT.

PCB.330 dropped stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs and hits observed on main road junction on East side of town.

PCB.332 reports that owing to smoke over target area, impossible to see results of dropping 7 – 500lbs. G.P’s in stick from 3,500ft.

Due to bad visibility over the target area, PCB.335 bombed enemy activity searchlights and A.A. Battery two miles South of POPERINGHE.

Night was poor for observations due to low cloud and smoke pall, but many lights seen along beach, artillery in region of GRAVELINES and many large fires round DUNKIRK.

Very little A.A. Fire experienced, searchlights around OSTEND, and one in target area active. Some put out of action by machine-gun fire. No enemy aircraft seen Weather not the best, 10/10 cloud being predominant and heavy rain showers experienced.
Navigation by D/R and Map reading on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
AC Thomas Leonard Mumby, RAFVR 624569 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Malcolm James Miller, RAF 75697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 01:00 – Landed 04:05
Flight Time 03:05

03/06/1940 – Bombing Attack on Target A.28 DUSSELDORF
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, and all carried same bomb load 1.e. 8 – 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T.., 1 – 250lbs. 8hr delay, and one case of incendiaries each.

PCB.339 attacked the target in a level bombing run from 11,000 feet bombs were dropped in a stick of 9 and a number of direct hits were observed and a small fire was started. PCB.341 located the target and precision bombed it with two sticks, height 9,000 feet. The only results observed were those of the incendiaries which burst about 200 yards West of Target.

PCB.346 reports that the target was located without difficulty. All bombs were dropped in one stick from a height of 9,000 feet. Owing to glare of searchlights, bursts were not observed, although it was thought that the target was most likely hit.

PCB.347 reports he carried out his attack from 12,000 feet. A stick of 5 – 250lbs. Bombs being dropped on the target and a further 5 dropped on a wharf at UDESHEIM which could be seen quite clearly by the aid of a parachute flare.

PCB.348 had the misfortune to develop engine trouble when only 5 miles from the target. Searchlights were bombed in the vicinity of KREFOLD two bombs and one container of incendiaries dropped on what appeared to be a factory in VENLOO, hits observed and a fire started.

PCB.353 All bombs were dropped in a stick and were seen to straddle the target, which they found already burning. The incendiaries themselves fell right beside the fire at the target and greatly intensified same.

PCB.354 reports dropping a stick of 9 – -250lbs. G.P. and one container of incendiaries across the target. Near misses were observed and fires were started in the proximity of the target. A dull red fire emitting clouds of black smoke was also seen near the Eastern boundary. Owing to the industrial haze accurate observations could not be made.

PCB.355 reports that the target was located from 10,000 feet at which height he carried out a level bombing attack. On the first run over, and attempt to drop the bombs in a stick failed, so a second run was made and bombs released in a salvo.

Direct hits were observed an explosion occurred followed by a large file, which could still be seen burning a long time after the aircraft had set course for Base.

All aircraft crews report very heavy A.A. Fire in the region of ROTTERDAM airport. There appeared to be many misleading lights in the target area. Presumably the idea being that these would be bombed instead of the real objective. Outside of these odd lights the black-out over the whole of the area was extremely good. Some curious flares were observed off the Danish coast in position 51° 40’ N, 02° 36’ E. These appeared to be stationed on the water.
Very little flak was experienced by any of the aircraft in the target area and such as was, was not very accurate. For miles around the target area searchlights were in great numbers and were very active. Due to ground haze, they appeared to have difficulty in locating the aircraft, but pilots report that if they were held for any short period, no trouble was experienced in getting out of same again. PCB339 and PCB.353 report that thy each had a single engine aircraft fly near them while approaching the target area.

The night was good, there being practically no cloud during any part of the route, a slight ground haze made the target fairly hard to locate Fog was encountered on returning to Base, and some aircraft had to be directed to other aerodromes.

Navigation was by D/R and Map reading on the outward journey and by D’R and homing bearings on the return trip.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B
Raid No. PCB.339 A. 28

F/L Aubrey Arthur Ninnis Breckon, RNZAF NZ1025/ 70016 – Pilot.
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Henry Hughes, RAF 550880 – Observer.
Sgt. Thomas Leonard Mumby, RAFVR 624569 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Malcolm James Miller, RAF 75697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:25 – Landed 02:05
Flight Time 04:40

28/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target C.37.
Eight aircraft took part from this Squadron carrying 9 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs 6hr. delay bomb and one case of 4lbs incendiaries each, to attack individually target C.37 Chemical Works at KOLN.

CB.521 carried out attack in shallow dive releasing bombs at 5,000ft. No actual strikes were observed but large explosion occurred on target few seconds after bombs released, assumed they found their mark. Dropped from SE to NW corner.

CB.552 located target after search of 1½ hrs, first four bombs seen to burst, followed by sympathetic bursts all around. Four fires seen Green, Orange and two White. Only one white fire remained burning.

CB.525 unable to identify target accurately at COLOGNE so successfully attacked WAALHAVEN aerodrome at ROTTERDAM. Close stick dropped and nine bursts observed, six being on target, but no fires seen.

Owing to thick haze over Rhine CB.526 reports impossible to identify main target C.37. Bombs dropped in stick from 10,000ft. Bursts observed on aerodrome and fire started.

CB.529 unable to pin-point target after a thorough search, so bombed Blast furnaces two miles East of centre of COLOGNE. These were precision bombed dropping whole load, observed to burst in stick 100-150 yards on South side of furnaces. Small fires caused, further results not observed due to rapidly approaching daylight.

CB.530 made full use of small lake and patch pf woods to West of target, and bombs dropped in stick from 11,000ft, but no bursts seen due to intense searchlights activity, while hits assumed to be registered.

CB.531 carried out dive attack dropping stick of bombs. A fire broke out, and rear gunner reported several small explosions, after setting course for base.

CB.532 reports target located by bend in river Rhine with aid of parachute flares after 20 minutes search, and a level attack fro 11,000ft carried out from North to South, dropping bombs in stick. All 500lbs bombs observed to burst in target area.

Many balloons seen over all main areas in RUHR and flying over COLOGNE at 10,000ft, approx. 10 balloons. A.A. particularly heavy in RUHR, and over ANTWERP. Searchlights also intense over RUHR and over all main centres. Fog experienced on return to base with result that three aircraft had to land at WYTON as directed by control at base. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.526 C.37

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.listed as Brown – but suspect its Braun
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:00
Flight Time 05:10

02/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.28 in Ruhr
Five aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above target, but due to poor weather conditions prevailing over the whole target area, alternative targets attacked.
Four aircraft carried – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 2 – 250lbs G.P. 6hr delay, and one container of incendiaries each, while remaining aircraft’s load made up of 4 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 500lbs 12hr delay and one case of incendiaries.

CB.557 reports that no attacks were made by him. CB.558 reports that bombs dropped in stick on buildings on dock area of ROTTERDAM. Salvos greeted by gushes of flame and tiers of blue sparks consistent with results expected, were the target a Power House or Ammunition Dump. Target situated to West of ROTTERDAM on river to coast, and bombs dropped from 3,500 feet.
After some difficulty in locating target or suitable target, dock area at ZEEBRUGGE attacked in a shallow dive, and bomb load with exception of 3 – 250lbs bombs, which failed to release, was dropped. Six hits observed, many explosions and fierce fires started.

CB.563 reports, two sticks of bombs dropped in vicinity of NEUZS. Height 11,000feet. Time 02.15 hours. Four bombs were observed to burst and the incendiaries caused fires.

On part of CB.564 owing to failure of generator and consequent failure of batteries, decided to return to Base, after having flown 50 miles in from coast. Endeavour made to drop sticks on four bombs searchlight concentrations at aerodrome GLIZE-RIJEN, but only one bomb released. Jettisoning action also taken over sea, but with no effect, so remaining bombs brought back to base.

No important observations etc., made.
A.A. fire heavy over original target area. Although aircraft were above 10/10 cloud most of time A.A. fire was still heavy.
All main towns and target area, had intense searchlight activity going on.
Weather very poor 10/10 cloud experienced most of time as low as 2,000 feet making positioning difficult. Navigation by D/R and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3166 AA-M
Raid No. CB.564 A.28

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 03:55

04/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target F.49 and M.431
The bomb load of the five Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was as follows:- two carried 9 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs and one case of incendiaries each, two others carried 4 – 250lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 18hr delay and one case of incendiaries each, remaining machines load consisted of 2 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and 1 – 500lbs G.P. 12 hr delay.

CB568 reports that due to local haze around the target and by being continually caught in searchlights, unable to locate original target so decided to return to EMDEN and carry out attack there. While on way, aerodrome VEDEL located and attack carried out on same. Hits observed and fires started.

WILHELMSHAVEN docks precision bombed with 3 – 500lbs. bombs at 0.12hrs, height 11,000ft by CB.569. On bomb observed to burst in the ANSTRASTUNER HAVEN area. This burst was observed to cause a white glow in the form of a square.

CB.570 located primary target (A.49) and dropped a close stick from East to West from 11,000 feet. Fires were seen to be started after doing a turn to observe results.

Owing to intense searchlight activity and haze target could not be identified by CB.573. Clouds covered secondary target at SCHIPOL, and a low attack was out of question owing to approaching daylight, so bombs were brought back.

Target was located and bombs were dropped in one stick by CB.574, bursts observed and several fires caused. Suspected hit with high level attack at 9,500 feet.

Balloons were seen flying at HAMBURG up as high as 14,000 feet, they appeared to be in Groups of six at a time.
Heavy flak fire of all types was experienced, some as high as 15,000 feet. It was very intense and accurate all over the target area.
Searchlights intense and accurate over whole of area.
CB569 reports that two single engine aircraft were seen over HAMBURG. CB570 reports three fighters in Vic formation near BREMEN.
Weather was fair throughout, haze was wide spread over the target area making observations difficult.
Navigation by D/R, received fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B dnc
Raid No. CB.573 F.49

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 05:50

14/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, M.434, & M.116
Total number of bombs carried by seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was:-
47 – 250lbs. bombs of mixed delay.
4 – 500lbs. By CB.608, in addition, each aircraft carried 1 case of 4lbs. incendiaries.

Cb.605 reports, target could not be definitely located in time available. Railway marshalling yards at STADE were attacked from level flight at 9,000ft. One stick was dropped and five bursts observed approximately 100 yards short of the yards.

CB.606 reports, bombs dropped in one stick from 8,000ft after dive from 10,000ft. Owing to searchlight glare and violent avoiding action taken after release of bombs, no results were observed.

A high level attack, 15,000ft, was carried out by CB.607, but owing to enemy opposition, searchlights and A.A., no results were observed. One bomb and incendiaries hung up, but dropped on the Southern part of HAMBURG.

All bombs released in one stick at 15,000ft over target by CB.608. Bombs seen to burst with large sheets of flame slightly to South of target with the last two bombs in target area.

CB.618 attacked marshalling yards at HAMM successfully from 12,000ft. Five bursts observed and two very large fires started and seen burning fiercely 40 miles away on return journey.

CB.619 reports, five 250lbs. bombs seen to burst in town, and three in marshalling yards. All incendiaries seen to fall in marshalling yards, also, causing fires visible after 20 minutes flying on homeward course (50 miles).

Target area reached by CB.620 after diving through layer of cloud at 10,000ft. SOEST identified by means of parachute flares. A level attack from West to East at 9,000ft carried out on marshalling yard at 030.30hrs. Five 250lbs bombs seen to burst on marshalling yard, and incendiaries caught buildings on Southern edge of target, starting two strong fires, which were still raging fiercely when area left 40 minutes later. More fires seen to start at 00.55hrs.

Balloons seen at heights from 6,000ft to 14,000ft over HAMBURG, BREMEN etc., Intense heavy and light flak over entire area.
Searchlights very active over whole area.
Weather was fair. Targets were located despite the local ground haze.
Navigation was D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.606 A.10

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLean, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 05:40

20/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.70 and A.71
Nine aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks on targets above. The Squadron suffered its second loss, since the beginning of Operations in March 1940, when CB.650 (F/O. Watson, Captain) failed to return.

CB.639 reports, two attacks, consisting of two sticks of 5 bombs each were dropped over the target at 00.33 hours. Height 5,000 feet. Previously to this another aircraft had dropped incendiaries in same area. Fires and explosions from other aircraft’s bombs, on target, but few from incendiaries which dropped little to West of actual area. EINDHAVEN flare path bombed with stick of 3 – 250lbs. bombs at 22.35 hours by CB.640. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Target A.70 located and bombed at 00.25hrs. Bursts observed and fires observed to break out and gradually increased.

CB.641 reports, being unable to identify target, bombs were dropped from 9,500ft in one stick on railway junction at KAMEN. Last two bombs observed to burst in railway yards.

CB.648 located target after waiting for cloud to disperse and doing several dummy runs. Believed bombed successfully as four bursts observed on N.E. corner of works and fires started across railway line.

CB.649 reports, the incendiaries seen to burst on Southern extremity of target. The 250lbs bombs were not observed owing to cloud over target.

Level attack from 10,800ft made by CB.651 from N.E. to S.W. on target A.71. Three hits obtained on N side of target, remaining bombs appeared to undershoot. Several small fires started followed by minor explosions.

A high level attack carried out from 14,000ft by CB.652. One large flash observed and number of small fires. One red and two green.

CB.653 reports, the target located without difficulty, being made so by light of moon and excellent landmarks. Bombed from 11,000ft in one stick on straight run over target. Results unobserved.

Balloons seen up to 14,000 feet in many towns over RUHR. Heavy flak experienced over WESEL and all target areas, accurate for height etc./ Searchlights over whole area.

Three H.E. 113’s attacked CB639 over WESEL. (i) above and astern (ii)Starboard qtr and below. (iii) below and astern. No.(ii) shot down in flames, No. 3 assumed disabled. No.1 attacked 3 times afterwards.
Weather fair, visibility good, throughout whole of journey. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings. The moon was quite advantageous in helping to locate the target.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.641 A.70

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 04:20
Flight Time 06:30

28/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets A.8, A.73, and M.434.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights etc.,

CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.* or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.

Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.

CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.

Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.

CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.

Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.676 A.8

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:35 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 06:25

03/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.71 at HORST
Nine Wellington aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above, but due to heavy ground haze over target area, attacks had to be carried out on various other targets, with success. Low 10/10 cloud encountered on returning to base and aircraft directed to other aerodromes. CB.692 crashed when attempting a forced landing, due to engine failure. The Captain, S/Ldr. Collet, was killed, but the five remaining members of the crew escaped with injuries.
A combined bomb load was carried.
Stick of bombs and S.B.C. dropped by CB.693 down flare path at approximate position 51° 42’ North, 6° 53’ East.

CB.695 located target and bombed. Results of 250lbs bombs not observed, but incendiaries seen to miss target.

CB.695 almost reached primary target, but owing to engine trouble, returned and bombed SCHIPOL aerodrome, believed successful. Height 19,500ft on North Westerly course. Four bundles nickels dropped near target.

CB.696 reports, extensive large fires started by incendiaries in target area. Results not seen of 250’s.

CB.697 located target after search of 45 minutes and dropped stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. at 00.15hrs from 12,000ft in level attack. Two bursts observed amongst lights in target area and extinguished same. Incendiaries failed to function, reason not known. Line of six Blast Furnaces on Eastern outskirts of GLADBECK also attacked with stick of 4 – 250lbs N.D.T. bombs from 12,000ft. Four burst observed 200 yards South of Blast Furnace.

CB.698 failed to locate primary target owing to ground haze, and searchlight activity over area. Marshalling yards at HALTERN attacked. All bombs dropped in one stick, bursts seen and explosions followed, and considerable damage thought to be done.

CB.699 failed to locate target owing to ground haze and searchlights. SCHIPOL aerodrome attacked from 4,000ft. Results not observed owing to intense opposition.

CB.700 did not locate primary target owing to haze and searchlights, but bombs dropped from 10,000ft in one stick on aerodrome at BUER. Two bursts observed.

What appeared to be dummy Blast Furnaces, seen in target area, and usual light and heavy flak experienced, seems to be more intense around SCHIPOL. Searchlights intense and very active. CB.693 followed back to English coast by three unidentified aircraft. Weather poor, low visibility, 10/10 cloud as low as 300ft on return. Navigation by D/R, W/T fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.700 A.71 (Buer attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:30 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 06:00

06/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.73 and A.28.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.

Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights etc.,

CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.

Found impossible to locate either target A.8 or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.

Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnaces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.

CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.

Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.

CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.

Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.723 A.28 (Ypenburg attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 05:35

09/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.84.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took off to attack targets L.84 and Z.53. Eight were detailed to attack L.84 and one Z.53. Latter target not attacked by CB.744 who was detailed, as area searched for 1 ½ hours, but ground obscured by 10/10 cloud at 2,000 feet, therefore bombs brought back to Base. Other than this, operations on a whole were successful, although primary target not attacked in each case, but other military objectives. Original target not located by CB.728, but aerodrome at GLIZE attacked, releasing bombs in one stick from 5,000ft, bursts observed, but damage could not be estimated.

After dropping second flare CB.729 located target, and after this had died out dropped bombs in one stick from 9,000 feet. Bright green flashes seen among bomb bursts, and several big explosions, and fires.

CB.730 reports, bombs dropped on target and fires started at 23.08 hours.
On way in to target L.84, CB.731 discovered EINDHOVEN aerodrome with boundary lights in, decided to bomb it, stick dropped on same and three bursts observed, large fires started by incendiaries, and all lights extinguished on aerodrome.

Bombs were dropped at 22.55 hours from 14,000ft by CB.732, bursts appeared to be South of target. Three separate level attacks were carried out by CB.733 from West to East, from 11,000ft. Five bursts observed on East side on first attack, on second run eight fierce fires started on West side, numerous small explosions, and one violent explosion with vivid white flash. Last attack, good steady run dropping two 18hr delay bombs. Nickels dropped over target prior to bombing.

Target located and precision bombed by CB.734, height 12,000ft. Three bombs observed to burst, unable to see results. After 1 ½ hours search, 3 bombs dropped on target L.84 by CB.735 and two bombs on flak battery at KOLN. Number of flares noticed over North Sea, some appeared to be in water, other of slow descending type.

A.A. fire exceptionally heavy over target area and all main towns, heavy flak improving in accuracy for height and direction. Searchlights very active over whole area. No enemy aircraft observed.

Weather rather hazy in RUHR area, making observations very difficult, low 10/10 cloud was met on returning to base. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B
Raid No. CB.729 L.84

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 01:10
Flight Time 04:10

13/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G.82, L.82, and D.7.
Of the nine aircraft detailed from this unit, eight were on bombing raids, while ninth, CB746 was to carry out Photographic reconnaissance of STETTIN DOCKS in Baltic. Weather again hindered operations, due to 10/10 cloud over practically whole of N.W. Germany.

CB750 reports, target area of G.82 obscured by 10/10 cloud from 600ft. Search made, but no suitable target found in vicinity, so course set for base and bombs bought back.

Target not located by CB.751 owing to cloud. 3 250lbs. bombs and 1 – S.B.C. dropped at DORSEL on road and rail junction showing evenly spaced shaded lights. Incendiaries caused fires. Unable to ascertain damage owing to cloud.

Target located and believed bombed successfully by CB.752. Ground haze made it difficult to identify target accurately. Four bursts observed in target area.

CB.753 reports, both primary target and alternative target at FRANKFURT were covered with thick layer of cloud at 7,000ft. Bombs were brought back as no suitable target discovered, either in Germany or HOLLAND. Nickels dropped over FRANKFURT.

Stick of three bombs dropped on flare paths of aerodrome at VUGHT by CB.759. Bursts observed short of runway, at 22.20hrs. Target not located due to 10/10 cloud. Marshalling yards at ROERMOND bombed and fires started at 23.35 hours.

CB.760 reports, bursts appeared to straddle target, but observation difficult owing to haze.

Owing to low cloud and haze, target not located by CB.761 bombs were brought back.

CB.762 reports, bombs dropped at 23.30 hours. Explosions not seen owing to searchlights. Large fire seen in target area some minutes after course had been set for home.

CB.746, who was detailed to carry Photographic Reconnaissance, reports, photographs spoilt by either A.A. shell bursts or a searchlight.

No important observations or reconnaissance made. A.A. fire exceptionally heavy and accurate around target L.82. Little heavy flak received at G.82, but this all fired through 10/10 cloud.
Searchlights very active in RUHR. CB.746 reports, being attacked by an ME110 South of Kiel. The ME was eluded by going into cloud.
As for the weather, 10/10 cloud covered practically whole of areas detailed to bomb.
Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings, while CB.746 used Astro extensively, with great success.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.761 L.82 (did not bomb)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 06:40

15/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.85.
Attacks taken all round were very successful, nine out of ten aircraft detailed from this Unit finding and bombing primary target.

Two level attacks made by CB.774 from 11,000ft. Explosions illuminated aircraft at this height. Incendiaries started several small fires, but quickly extinguished after about 5 minutes.

Three level attacks carried out by CB.775 from 9,000ft West to East. Many hits observed on buildings and incendiaries started many fierce fires. One terrific explosion with vivid white flash and many minor explosions occurred.

CB.776 reports, bombs seen to fall in target area. Large fire started which could be seen for a considerable distance on homeward journey.

CB.777 reports, target successfully attacked. Fires started. One stick at 10,000ft.

Target located and stick dropped across target, by CB.776. Small fires started, smoke plainly visible. Bombs dropped in level stick by CB779 from 10,000ft from South to North. Bursts observed across target AND SEVERAL fires started. Explosions followed, in fires. Nickels dropped N.W. RUHR.

CB.750 reports, one run at 8,700ft, hits believed observed. Second run at 9,000ft, dummy. Third run 8,700ft, hits almost certain. Large columns of white smoke observed over target.

Primary target could not be definitely identified by CB.781, owing to scattered cloud and searchlights. Bombs dropped in stick from 9,000ft on railway junction at LUNEN. Two bombs observed to straddle main crossing and remainder fell along Northern railway line.

No difficulty in locating target by CB.782 and perfect run up made at 11,000ft. Bombs dropped in stick from this height, and hits believed to have been made on target.

Target located and precision bombed by CB.783. Height 12,500ft. Time 23.36hrs. Wireless Operator observed three bomb bursts with white flashes on E of target.

Balloons observed to be flying at 12,000ft over AMSTERDAM, DORTMUND, AND HAMM.
A.A. Fire was heavy and accurate in the RUHR area.
Searchlights very active over the whole area. Enemy aircraft were observed , by about three crews, one seen trailing one of our sorties, in target area, but after a series of bursts by Rear Gunner, made off.
Weather, moderate 4/10 cloud over target, but this cloud did not hinder operations. Visibility was perfect.
Navigation was by D/R, and visual observation mainly, although homing bearings were used in some cases.
“All our aircraft returned safely”.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.781 L.85 (Lunen attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:05 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 06:25

17/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.97, K.62 and M.434
Ten Wellington crews from No. 75(NZ) Squadron, were detailed to carry out bombing operations against the enemy. One aircraft, CB.606 (F/L. Adams) returned to base after being out 20 mins due to W/T electrical trouble, as sometime was taken over repairing this defect, that particular sortie was cancelled altogether.

CB.793 unable to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud covering area, but owing to a shortage of petrol, bombs were jettisoned at D/R position 51° 26’ N, 10° 53’ E.

Numerous fires reported to be already burning in target area, when CB.794 bombed, and further large fires broke out after attack. Petrol tanks observed to explode, and high columns of thick black smoke rose from fires. Glare on cloud still visible for 15 minutes after leaving target.

A level attack made by CB.795 from 9,00ft and 5 – 250lbs. bombs dropped in stick. Incendiaries brought back owing to selector switch being accidentally knocked up. 250lbs. bombs caused two large explosions on large factory buildings.

CB.796 failed to locate target A.97 owing to 8/10 cloud and thick haze in area. After searching for half an hour course was set for SOEST. Marshalling Yards at SOEST attacked in shallow dive from 8,000 to 7,00 feet at 01.10hrs, a stick of 6 – 250lbs. bombs being dropped. Bursts not observed, owing to heavy accurate flak fire.

Target located at 23.30 hours by CB.799 and stick dropped across. Fire started and visible for considerable distance.

CB.800 reports, a level stick at 10,000ft. Bombs hit aerodrome. Incendiaries hit buildings casing thirteen distinct explosions and explosions were still appearing as aircraft set course for home. One good fire was left burning. Nickels dropped between KASSEL and ESCHWEGE.

CB.801 reports, bombs seen to fall on lines of Marshalling Yards.

CB.802 reports, identification of target made difficult by low cloud and ground haze. Flares dropped by other aircraft and half an hour spent in identifying target. Shallow dive attack from South and stick of bombs dropped on North end of target. Result and bursts not observed owing to cloud.

CB.807 reports, primary target not located owing to 9/ 10 cloud and haze. A string of lights which appeared to be an aerodrome attacked.

Balloons again reported to be flying in the RUHR area.
Heavy flak was experienced by most aircraft on target A.97 in the region of MUNSTER and UTRECHT. This was reported to be good for height and accuracy. Searchlights very numerous over the whole of the target area.
10/10 cloud was encountered practically over the whole of the route, with the exception of the RUHR.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, Astro and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.794 A.97

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:25 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 07:20

19/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.17 and M.431
Ten Wellington aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out operations against enemy. For the attack on target D.4 at Kiel, weather was against the raiders, with result that main objective was not located, so secondary targets in that area were successfully bombed.
Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T. 250lbs. bombs fused 6 – 18hr delay, and containers of incendiaries.

CB.810 located target 9KIEL) and six bomb bursts were observed on subterranean oil plant North of the town on the river bank. The Battleship GNEISENAU was not observed owing to low cloud.

A stock of 6 – 250lbs bombs was dropped by CB.811 from 13,000 feet, on same target as CB.810. These were seen to burst across KRUPP’S yards.

CB.812 failed to locate the primary target owing to 10/10 cloud in the target area. The object of an attack was their DE KOOY aerodrome in Northern HOLLAND. Six 250lbs. bombs were dropped from a height of 5,000 feet. Bursts were observed but damage not estimated.

CB.813 did not attack primary target owing to cloud, even after making four runs. The buildings on the side of the fitting out basin 1,100 yards 200°T from Primary target were attacked by dive bombing 13,000 – 8,000ft. Bursts observed on area.

The target area was located by CB.814 from a height of 15,000 feet and after flying around at this height for 30 minutes bombs were dropped in stick along the bank. Owing to 7/10 cloud being over the target at the time, bomb bursts were unobserved.

CB.815 reports, that although a search was made for an hour he was unable to locate KIEL owing to low cloud and fog on the coast. At 02.00 hours a shallow dive attack at 8,000feet was carried out on WANGEROOGE aerodrome, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs being dropped. No results were observed.

CB.822 reports that owing to 10/10 cloud in target area, primary target was not attacked. Bombs were dropped from 6,000 feet in one stick on aerodrome at De Kooy. Believed hits but no accurate observation possible.

CB.823 reports that target was not located due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction at WUNSTORF straddled with stick, and fire started at 23.45 hours.

Owing to 10/10 clod, CB.824 failed to locate the target. Enemy aerodrome in use at DIEPHOLZ bombed. 250lbs. bombs burst across flare path, incendiaries fell short. Two fires seen on North East corner of aerodrome.

CB.828 reports, that a high level attack was made from 11,500 feet and a stick was dropped from East to West. Hits were observed on target and one or two small fires were started.
The aerodrome at HURSEIM was clearly visible and three runways were observed, making pin-pointing easy. Balloons were observed flying up to 12,000ft around KIEL. A number of dummy flare paths were also in various sections.

A.A. Fire very intense over target D.4 and over all the North Frisians Islands.
Searchlights very active in all target areas. Weather :- 10/10 cloud was prevalent over the targets and most of route to same.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, and homing bearings. Astro was used by Sorties CB.812 and 813 with very good results.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.822 A.17 (De Kooy attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 06:55

24/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.161 and M.434
Eleven Wellington aircraft were detailed from this unit to carry out bombing operations against the enemy on the above targets. CB.837 (F/L. Adams) did not complete the sortie due to engine trouble when over enemy territory, he set course for base and jettisoned bombs in sea. The operations taken on the whole, were not very successful due to extremely bad weather conditions encountered.
A varied bomb load was carried between the eleven aircraft consisting of 250lbs., fused N.D.T., 250lbs, G.P. with delay action, 500lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T., and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
Target not located by CB.838, due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction and landing ground at KOBLENZE bomber. Results unobserved due to bad haze.

Target located through hole in cloud by island in river, and bombed by CB.839. Results not observed.

CB.840 reports, primary target at FRANKFURT obscured owing to 10/10 cloud. Returned to target B.47 (KNAPSACK) and bombed. Unable to distinguish results of bombs although flashes observed. Nickels were dropped at KNAPSACK.

Attack was made by CB.841 from 11,000ft, the incendiaries being dropped first, so as to allow to make a run up with the 250lbs. bombs. A medium fire was still burning when target area was left.

CB.842 reports, targets A.151 and C.28 at FRANKFURT were not located owing to 10/10 dense cloud in area. Nickels dropped approximately 15 miles North of FRANKFURT. Dive bombing attack carried out at 5,000ft on LIMBURG aerodrome. Five bursts observed on North side of aerodrome some 200 yards from flare path and hangers. Red obstruction lights extinguished, but dim flare path remained on.

CB.834 reports, main target and two secondary targets not located owing to nine to ten tenths cloud. One 500lbs. bomb was dropped on a search-light by diving down beam. Two ships in YISMUNDEN harbour were attacked by dive bombing 4,00 – 2,000 feet, two 500;bs. N.D.T. bombs dropped. Hits or near misses reported.

CB.844 reports, owing to 9/10 cloud, primary target not located. Bombs dropped from 1,100ft on a factory on river bank East of HANAU. Bursts were observed in small buildings around main building. No fires observed.

Targets not located owing to 10/10 cloud by CB.848. Whole route from Great Britain to Eastern Germany said to be covered.

Bombs dropped by CB.849 on heavy flak batteries in target area. Again, results not observed due to 10/10 cloud.

CB.850 also reports that target not located owing to cloud.

Owing to the whole of the area being practically covered with 10/10 clouds, nothing of importance to relate as far as observations, and reconnaissance etc.
A.A. fire, heavy at most areas attacked., although 10/10 cloud prevailed, good accuracy was attained by the heavy batteries.
Searchlights were active as usual.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, homing bearing and Astro.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.844 A.161(Handau attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 05:40

26/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on G.82, C.38 DUISBURG, ARNHEIM, and FLUSHING
Ten Wellington Crews from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks against enemy objectives in enemy territory. Taken over all, the operations were very successfully, good weather being encountered at most targets. On the return journey CB.851 carried out an attack on a single engined aircraft in the region of NIVELLS, and shot down in flames.
The bomb load carried was made up of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs G.P. bombs fused delay action, and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.851 reports, due to heavy searchlights and A.A. fire on the run up to the main target, bombs were dropped on the secondary target C.38. Four bursts were observed, but damage could not be estimated due to avoiding action having to be taken, while hits are assumed.

No results seen from first stick of two bombs dropped by CB.852. Explosions and fire started by second stick of three bombs.

Stick of four bombs dropped to East of target, and small fires started by CB.853.

The target was located by CB.854, and a run up made from South to North at 23.20 hours. The bursts of two bombs were observed, these being approximately a mile South of the primary target. The results of the bursts were unobserved owing to intense searchlight activity at the time.

A stick was dropped by CB.856 from 13,000ft in a level attack. Three bursts were observed and three small fires started.

Owing to searchlights and haze, main target was not located by CB.857. Bombs were dropped on C.38 GRISCHEIM, from 12,000feet. Greenish flashes were observed in target area following burst of bombs, No fires observed.

Bombs dropped through clouds by CB.864 in DUISBURG – ESSEN area. Five A.A. gun emplacements bombed, but results not observed.

Target not located by CB.865 owing to low 10/10 cloud. Bombs were brought back.
CB.866 reports, original target (M.61) not located owing to thick cloud over area. Bombed aerodrome near ARNHEIM from 6,000feet and machine-gunned same from 2,000feet. Hits observed on hangar and on landing ground. Incendiaries overshot target and did no damage.

Five bombs were dropped over FLUSHING aerodrome by CB.874, bursts were observed, but not pin-pointed.

A large number of aerodromes were noticed to be carrying out night flying in HOLLAND, BELGIUM and FRANCE.

A.A. Fire was very heavy and accurate in the FRANKFURT area.
Searchlights active and very heavily concentrated in all main target areas.
CB.831 reports, attacking one twin engine Bomber (type unknown) as it was coming to land at NIVELLS aerodrome. The attack was successful, the Frint Gunner shooting the aircraft down in flames and it crashed on the flare path.
Weather was perfect in the FRANKFURT area, but very cloudy in the RUHR district.
Navigation by D/R, homing bearings and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.857 C.38

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 06:00

01/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116, A.17, F.40, and SOEST
Eleven Wellington aircraft took part, in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried, consisting of 500lbs G.P. bombs, 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action bombs, and containers of incendiaries.
One returning to base from a raid on HANOVER, CB passed over an aerodrome, presumed to be FELTWELL. Permission to land was granted, and an approach made using landing light. Thick haze made landing difficult, and another circuit made. Attempted other landing as fuel getting low, but lost sight of flare path on turning in. Just before touching down, line of trees appeared ahead of aircraft, hit these and burst into flames. The crew got clear of aircraft before bomb load (brought back) exploded, as a result of which explosion aircraft totally destroyed. Actually aircraft landed in field short of flare path at East Wrotham, Honnington Satellite aerodrome.

CB.921 reports, descended to 500 feet in target area on D/R but unsuccessful in getting below cloud. Target not located and bombs brought back. Target located at 23.40 hours by CB.914 and bombs dropped at 23.45 hours. Bursts observed on target area, but unable to see extent of damage owing to bad visibility.

CB.900 reports three terrific explosions from incendiaries in target area, and 250lbs bombs seen to burst in same place. Level attack made from 11,000ft the incendiaries being dropped on the first run.

Target located and bombed by CB.901 Results not observed owing to intense searchlights and A.A. fire.

CB.904 reports, Primary target not located owing to engine trouble. EINDHOVEN aerodrome bombed. Flare path and obstruction lights extinguished when a stick of three bombs was dropped across it at 12,000 feet at 22.46 hours. Large explosions observed.

CB.905 reports, on reaching area a flare was dropped, showing up ground clearly, and enabling target to be identified, attack then made from 11,000 feet in a South Westerly direction. Bursts observed and a line of fires started, about 7 or 9 in all and a further explosion seen. Fires still burning on leaving area.

CB.908 and CB.909 failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back.

CB.916 and CB.917 reports, that they located targets and bombed same, but results not observed due to cloud. Only observations, a large circle of lights mainly white with a few red seen, between BREMEN and BREMERHAVEN, presumably aerodrome or dummy on Eastern edge of MUNSTER, three red flares fired from ground formed isosceles triangle. On the whole A.A. was heavy, especially over HANOVER and between HAMM and ROTTERDAM.

Searchlights very active, but due to thick cloud layers and haze, they were ineffective. Weather taken all round was poor, on way out to targets, 8-10/10 cloud was encountered, while over actual targets almost clear with only hazy conditions. Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3218 AA-T dnc
Raid No. CB.909 B.50

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLean, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 04:40
Flight Time 07:55

07/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against A.70, Essen, Black Forest and Colnac Aerodrome, M.101.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit detailed to carry out the above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, containers of 25lbs. incendiaries and CB.959 carried one flash bomb.

CB.944 reports that bursts were observed short of target.

CB.945 dropped bombs in one stick. Five fires were seen in a row.

CB.948 reports that fires were started in Black Forest with 5 cans of incendiaries. COLMAC Aerodrome was bombed with the remaining can which did not release over the Black Forest. A wooden hanger was set alight and two or more aircraft were seen to be burning inside and two were set alight on the tarmac outside. CB.950 failed to locate the target and bombs were brought back.

Cb.951 failed to locate the marshalling yards at KREFEL and bombed an aerodrome in the vicinity of KREFELD. Bombs were observed to burst 400 yards south of the flare path. All lights were extinguished but one fire was observed burning at time of leaving target.

CB.959 dropped incendiaries in level stick from10,000 feet at 12 second intervals and moderately large fires were started.

CB.960 located target in BLACK FOREST and bombs were dropped. The incendiaries were seen burning among trees but the fires did not appear to increase.

Bombs were dropped by CB.961 from 2000 feet in single containers. First container straddled railway line north of MULHOUSE and fire a large building, causing several large explosions. Remainder fell in forest and fires were started, but these did not spread to any great extent.

CB.962 dropped three bombs on the aerodrome at GLIZE RIZEN and these were seen to burst East of target. Two bombs were also dropped on the aerodrome at OOSTVOORING and these burst on the flare path.

Due to heavy cloud and thick mist, reconnaissance impossible, and observations few. Three flares forming a triangle shot up to 8000 feet over the sea 10 miles West of OSTEND, and rectangle of dim lights with three bright lights inside observed six miles East of NANCY, believed Prison Camp. Dummy aerodrome South of STRASBURG extinguished on approach of aircraft.

A.A. fire moderately heavy in RUHR area. A concentration of light flak observed at OSTEND, heavy A.A. South of ROTTERDAM, but not accurate, mainly below and ahead of aircraft.

Searchlights numerous in area South to South East of ROTTERDAM, but did not hold aircraft. In other areas active, but ineffective.

Four aircraft (enemy) were seen to burn on ground at COLMAC aerodrome.

Navigation done by D/R, homing bearing, and map reading. Astro fixes by one sortie.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.961Black Forest

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Clive King Saxelby, RAF 36275 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Joseph Edward McCormick, RAF 580801 – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 06:45

10/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Ostend Harbour and Flushing Docks
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry put attacks on the above targets. The bomb load consisted of 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.
Owing to 10/10 cloud over Belgian Coast a descent was made by CB.966 to 4000 feet where OSTEND was located. Three flares were dropped over docks. A stick of bombs was dropped at 3,500 feet over dock area but owing to violent evasive action bursts were not observed.

CB.967 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud extending from 12,000 feet to 1000 feet over Belgian Coast.

CB.968 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud and thick mist. Bombs were bought back.

CB.972 dropped bombs in a dive from 4000 feet to 1000 feet. No results were observed owing to violent evasive action, searchlights and haze. Flares were dropped over target and lighted up area satisfactorily.

Owing to 10/10 cloud down to 700 feet, CB.973 failed to locate target.

Five bombs dropped by CB.974 were seen to burst across docks. No results were observed of second stick owing to searchlights, but they believed to have hit the target.

Owing to 10/10 cloud, CB.979 reports nil results observed.

Flares were dropped, warships were observed to open fire and continued a heavy broadside for almost half an hour. Several small vessels were seen close to coast line. Retaliatory action appeared to be takenby coastal batteries.

Some light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced at OSTEND and at other target areas.
Searchlights were active around the target areas, but were ineffective owing to cloud.
During the whole of the operations, only one enemy aircraft was seen – by CB.974 – off the Dutch Coast.
Weather was very poor, there being 9/10 – 10/10 cloud. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, and in some cases MF/DF and Astro.
Squeaker at HARWICH not heard, although balloons seen.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.972 Ostend

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Clive King Saxelby, RAF 36275 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Joseph Edward McCormick, RAF 580801 – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 01:30 – Landed 05:10
Flight Time 03:40

12/09/1940 – Bombing Attack on Emden and Schwerte
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took part in Operations against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while CB.984 carried one flash bomb.

CB.984 and CB.985 failed to locate the target due to 10/10 cloud, and bombs were brought back.

CB.986 reports that bombs were dropped, but bursts were unobserved due to bad visibility.

CB.987 bombed target in bad visibility from 6000 feet, but results were unobserved owing to cloud.

CB.988 failed to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud. Intense A.A. fire was experienced and bombs were released over centre of A.A. activity.

CB.994 reports that results were not observed.

Owing to dense low cloud, CB.995 failed to locate original target, SCHWERTE. Bombs were dropped from 1000 feet on the aerodrome at DE KOOY, but results were not observed.

CB/997 failed to locate target, but bombs were released on A.A. emplacements between SOEST and DORTMUND.

CB.999 reports that direct hits were scored on ammunition store in dock buildings. Heavy explosions occurred and large fires were started.

Owing to bad visibility no observations or reconnaissance were made although CB.999 reports that docks and wharves were clearly seen.

Light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced in many parts of the target areas, while flak ships or warships continued barrage some distance to sea. Flaming onions were also experienced at one point.
Searchlights were numerous and very active, but owing to cloud were ineffective.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
ten-tenths cloud was experienced over most of the route. Icing conditions, rain and electrical storms were also experienced.
Navigation was carried out by D/R, W/T and homing bearings.

CB.999 returned to base with shell holes in wings and machine gun bullet through front turret. Attack was carried out from 150 feet – machine blown up to 600 and was very unstable on return journey. S.O.S. was sent out as machine was expected to land in sea. P/O Denton, captain of this machine, was awarded D.F.C. (Immediate).

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E dnc
Raid No. CB.985 D.184

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Clive King Saxelby, RAF 36275 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Joseph Edward McCormick, RAF 580801 – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:30 – Landed 00:30
Flight Time 05:00

14/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Antwerp and Soest
Ten Wellington Aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action bombs, containers of incendiaries and CB.120 carried one flash bomb.

CB.115 reports that owing to severe ice forming cloud, target was not reached, but an attack was made from 7000 feet on DE KOOY Aerodrome, where a stick of bombs was dropped on hangars. Numerous fires started, and major and minor explosions followed, suggesting blowing up of ammunition. Fires lit up aerodrome buildings.

Owing to 10/10 cloud Cb.116 failed to locate original target. Bombs were dropped on rail junction at AARHUS.

CB.117 reports three large explosions took place after the first stick of 8 – 250lbs. bombs had been dropped on East Docks. Second stick of 7 – 250 lbs bombs and one S.B.C. seen to explode on new docks.

CB.118 reports that target was located and bombs dropped, but owing to thick haze results could not be estimated.

CB.119 reports that one stick of bombs and one S.B.C. were dropped on dock basins and fires were started by incendiaries on quay. Yellow explosions from two of the fires at irregular intervals.

CB.120 reports that all bombs were seen to burst in docks, but no big fires were seen.

CB.122 reports that owing to an error in map reading, one stick of bombs was dropped over target area and hits are believed to have been scored although no fires were observed.

CB.123 reports that barges in chain basin were hit. Direct hits were scored on dicks and barges in basin North of town. A large fire was also started in this basin.

CB126 reports that bombs were dropped and bursts observed in main dock area. At time of leaving target incendiaries were observed burning fiercely with orange coloured flames. Repeated minor explosions were observed in vicinity of incendiaries.

P/O. Denton reports that one stick of nine bombs was dropped on N.W. docks, but owing to evasive action, only first two bombs observed to burst. One stick was dropped on South docks nearest town, and all bombs were observed to make direct hits.

Recognition signal – red and two white star cartridge, observed several times near target area. Flare paths observed at aerodromes near WOENSDRECHTE, and South of ANTWERP. Dummy flarepath seen N.E. of ANTWERP. Flashing beacon 12 miles E.N.E. ANTWERP. Three pairs of ships about 1000 tonnes were observed on ZUYDER ZEE, while two large merchant ships were seen N.W. side of main basin, and one 4000 ton merchant ship seen sailing N.W.-S.E. of FLUSHING out into North Sea.

Fairly intense light and heavy A.A. fire experienced in many parts of target area. This was not very accurate.

Searchlights were few and inactive.
Only one enemy aircraft, an ME.109, was observed over target area.
Icing conditions and electrical storms were experienced by most aircraft. Weather in target area was good.

Navigation was mainly D/R, with W/T, MF/DF. Astro and homing bearings.
CB,123 reports an excellent trip, exceptional bombing done by Observer, also excellent Asto navigation. Approximately 50 small boats, believed fishing smacks seen on beach between HAGUE and the Hook near SCHEVENINGEN.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.122

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Clive King Saxelby, RAF 36275 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Joseph Edward McCormick, RAF 580801 – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:15 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 03:30

18/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets M.480, Z.40, and Le Havre
Nine Wellington aircraft took part in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. G.P. bombs, fused N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while one flash bomb was carried by CB.142.

CB.130 reports that owing to cloud results were unobserved, but a large fire was seen to be started in vicinity of target.

CB.132 and CB.142 report that results were not observed.

CB.138 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick. Bursts were observed to straddle outer harbour and one fire was started on quay followed by two reddish glows in harbour area.

CB.139 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick from the South West diagonally across the outer dock area. Owing to intense barrage of flak and searchlights, results were not observed. The attack was made from slightly under 7000 feet.

CB.140 dropped one stick from East to West. Bursts were observed on central jetty. Two fires observed when leaving target, one of which exploded with yellow glow about eight times at irregular intervals.

CB141 reports that three searchlights were extinguished by 500lbs. N.D.T. bomb. Results of 250 lbs. and incendiaries not observed.

CB.143 reports that target was bombed from 9000 feet. Bursts were observed on the northern end of target and immediately fires started, to be followed by several large explosions, one of which was of particular brilliance throwing much lighted debris into the air. Fires were still burning on leaving target.

CB.144 reports that all bombs burst on and around marshalling yards. Fires still burning after three quarters of an hour.

Several large ships observed both inside and outside harbour. Barges seen in main basins. Aerodrome with flare path and obstruction lights was seen near LIEGE and three aircraft seen in neighbourhood with navigation lights on. Two flashing beacons on point S.E. of target and near mouth of inlet at LE HAVRE.

Fairly heavy A.A. Fire was experienced in all target areas.
Searchlights were active as usual.

CB.139 reports one enemy aircraft flying over LE HAVRE. It was burning navigation lights and fired a 4-star white cartridge. Three heavy type seen in vicinity of flare-path near LIEGE by CB.143, while CB.144 reports one unidentified enemy aircraft with navigation lights on.
Cloud varying from 3/10 to 10/10 was experienced on journey to and from the target. Weather very good in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, homing bearings and W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.138 Le Havre

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Clive King Saxelby, RAF 36275 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 05:30

23/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets at Berlin, Le Havre and Hamburg
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out attacks against the targets above. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.

CB.167 reports four fires started on dock area. Minor explosions were seen on leaving.
One stick and S.B.C. was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bobs exploded, but no fires observed.

Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area.
CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB.159 signalling in Morse short distance from Belgian coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mod-channel. Parachute flare dropped, and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB.160.

Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.

One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made.
Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack was made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over the North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2736 AA-A
Raid No. CB.181

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Clive King Saxelby, RAF 36275 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:00 – Landed 00:00
Flight Time 00:00

29/09/1940 – Bombing Atacks on Targets L.86, M.480, and OSNABRUCK
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual attacks on the above targets. One of these aircraft, CB.213 failed to return to base, having crashed in Devon through lack of Petrol. One member of the crew, P/O. Jelley the rear gunner, was killed, but the other members all parachuted to safety. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. bombs, 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.

CB.213 reports that target was located and bombs dropped.

No results were observed by CB.214, except for small fire started north of target.

CB.216 failed to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud and difficulty in pinpointing. Heavy bombs dropped on DELMENHOERST AERODROME, hits believed, and incendiaries dropped on DE KOOY AERODROME where a few small fires were started.

CB.217 dropped though cloud – on target, but results were unobserved.

Owing to ten-tenths cloud, CB.215 failed to locate the target, but bombs were dropped at NORDHERN AERODROME. Bursts seen slight short.

CB.218 dropped bombs from 10,000 on first run, bursts being observed. A second was made and the remaining bombs dropped.

Target was not located by CB.219 owing to 9/10 cloud. Bombs dropped at MADGEBURG and bursts observed.

CB.223 dropped a stick of 8-250lbs. bombs along railway marshalling yards at MANNHEIM. Bursts observed on permanent way in woods S.E. of MANNHEIM.

CB.224 failed to locate original target and bombs were dropped in one stick on marshalling yards at KOBLEMZ. Results unobserved.

CB.225 dropped bombs in one stick. Bursts seen on railway line. Several small explosions and one large fire seen for 30 miles after leaving target.

One aircraft seen, by CB.214, shot down over EILENBURG. Dummy aerodrome seen about four miles East of DELMENHOERST. Circle of white lights about a mile in diameter, with sharply defined red arrows in centre pointing S.W. in position 52°N. 0°.8.43E.

Heavy A.A. fire in all parts of target areas.
Searchlights were very active and accurate.
Several enemy aircraft seen at various parts of target areas.
Five-tenths to 10/10 cloud was experienced over whole.
Navigation was by D/R, and W/T bearings

Wellington Mk.1c T.2736 AA-A
Raid No. CB.216 L.86

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Clive King Saxelby, RAF 36275 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:45 – Landed 03:10
Flight Time 07:25