Drayton crew 23.11.40

14/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Antwerp and Soest
Ten Wellington Aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action bombs, containers of incendiaries and CB.120 carried one flash bomb.
CB.115 reports that owing to severe ice forming cloud, target was not reached, but an attack was made from 7000 feet on DE KOOY Aerodrome, where a stick of bombs was dropped on hangars. Numerous fires started, and major and minor explosions followed, suggesting blowing up of ammunition. Fires lit up aerodrome buildings.
Owing to 10/10 cloud Cb.116 failed to locate original target. Bombs were dropped on rail junction at AARHUS.
CB.117 reports three large explosions took place after the first stick of 8 – 250lbs. bombs had been dropped on East Docks. Second stick of 7 – 250 lbs bombs and one S.B.C. seen to explode on new docks.
CB.118 reports that target was located and bombs dropped, but owing to thick haze results could not be estimated.
CB.119 reports that one stick of bombs and one S.B.C. were dropped on dock basins and fires were started by incendiaries on quay. Yellow explosions from two of the fires at irregular intervals.
CB.120 reports that all bombs were seen to burst in docks, but no big fires were seen.
CB.122 reports that owing to an error in map reading, one stick of bombs was dropped over target area and hits are believed to have been scored although no fires were observed.
CB.123 reports that barges in chain basin were hit. Direct hits were scored on dicks and barges in basin North of town. A large fire was also started in this basin.
CB126 reports that bombs were dropped and bursts observed in main dock area. At time of leaving target incendiaries were observed burning fiercely with orange coloured flames. Repeated minor explosions were observed in vicinity of incendiaries.
P/O. Denton reports that one stick of nine bombs was dropped on N.W. docks, but owing to evasive action, only first two bombs observed to burst. One stick was dropped on South docks nearest town, and all bombs were observed to make direct hits.
Recognition signal – red and two white star cartridge, observed several times near target area. Flare paths observed at aerodromes near WOENSDRECHTE, and South of ANTWERP. Dummy flarepath seen N.E. of ANTWERP. Flashing beacon 12 miles E.N.E. ANTWERP. Three pairs of ships about 1000 tonnes were observed on ZUYDER ZEE, while two large merchant ships were seen N.W. side of main basin, and one 4000 ton merchant ship seen sailing N.W.-S.E. of FLUSHING out into North Sea.
Fairly intense light and heavy A.A. fire experienced in many parts of target area. This was not very accurate.
Searchlights were few and inactive.
Only one enemy aircraft, an ME.109, was observed over target area.
Icing conditions and electrical storms were experienced by most aircraft. Weather in target area was good..
Navigation was mainly D/R, with W/T, MF/DF. Astro and homing bearings.
CB,123 reports an excellent trip, exceptional bombing done by Observer, also excellent Asto navigation. Approximately 50 small boats, believed fishing smacks seen on beach between HAGUE and the Hook near SCHEVENINGEN.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.119

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:45 – Landed 22:15
Flight Time 02:30

18/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets M.480, Z.40, and Le Havre
Nine Wellington aircraft took part in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. G.P. bombs, fused N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while one flash bomb was carried by CB.142.
CB.130 reports that owing to cloud results were unobserved, but a large fire was seen to be started in vicinity of target.
CB.132 and CB.142 report that results were not observed.
CB.138 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick. Bursts were observed to straddle outer harbour and one fire was started on quay followed by two reddish glows in harbour area.
CB.139 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick from the South West diagonally across the outer dock area. Owing to intense barrage of flak and searchlights, results were not observed. The attack was made from slightly under 7000 feet.
CB.140 dropped one stick from East to West. Bursts were observed on central jetty. Two fires observed when leaving target, one of which exploded with yellow glow about eight times at irregular intervals.
CB141 reports that three searchlights were extinguished by 500lbs. N.D.T. bomb. Results of 250 lbs. and incendiaries not observed.
CB.143 reports that target was bombed from 9000 feet. Bursts were observed on the northern end of target and immediately fires started, to be followed by several large explosions, one of which was of particular brilliance throwing much lighted debris into the air. Fires were still burning on leaving target.
CB.144 reports that all bombs burst on and around marshalling yards. Fires still burning after three quarters of an hour.
Several large ships observed both inside and outside harbour. Barges seen in main basins. Aerodrome with flare path and obstruction lights was seen near LIEGE and three aircraft seen in neighbourhood with navigation lights on. Two flashing beacons on point S.E. of target and near mouth of inlet at LE HAVRE.
Fairly heavy A.A. Fire was experienced in all target areas.
Searchlights were active as usual.
CB.139 reports one enemy aircraft flying over LE HAVRE. It was burning navigation lights and fired a 4-star white cartridge. Three heavy type seen in vicinity of flare-path near LIEGE by CB.143, while CB.144 reports one unidentified enemy aircraft with navigation lights on.
Cloud varying from 3/10 to 10/10 was experienced on journey to and from the target. Weather very good in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, homing bearings and W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3166 AA-M
Raid No. CB.140

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 06:00

20/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Enemy Territory
Nine Wellington aircraft wee detailed to carry out the above operations. The bomb load was made up of 250lbs. bombs and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.157 reports that a large fire was started in docks standing alongside No. 1 basin (with lockgate) and seen to burn for 50 minutes, and grow to size of a hangar. Lockgates were hit with a stick of 10 – 250lbs. bombs.
CB.158 reports that all bombs were dropped in one stick bursting down dock area between the two basins. One large fire started. Still burning 20 minutes later.
CB.159 reports that one stick laid across docks observed to make direct hits. Fires and explosions followed which could be seen on second climb. One stick five N.D.T. and one S.B.C. laid longitudinal across 15/20,000 tone vessel. First bomb 40-50yds astern, remainder either direct hits or very near misses.
CB.160 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick across harbour entrance. Large fires observed on N.E. side of harbour mouth started by incendiaries.
CB.162 reports eight bombs burst in target area though no fires started. A large fire was started in the deck area but was apparently caused by a machine bombing at exactly the same time.
CB.164 dropped one stick of six 250lbs bombs on N.W. heading which was seen to burst in vicinity of tidal basin. One stick of five 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. dropped on S.E. heading was seen to burst on jetty of fish harbour. Incendiary fires observed to seaward side of fort on north side of harbour entrance.
CB.165 dropped first stick in Nos. 1 and 2 basins heading 180° approximately. A second stick and one S.B.C. was dropped in No.3 Basin heading 045° approximately.
One stick and S.B.C was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bombs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area. CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB159 signalling in morse short distances from Belgium coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mid-channel. Parachute flare dropped and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made. Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.164

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:52 – Landed 00:07
Flight Time 02:15

23/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets at Berlin, Le Havre and Hamburg
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out attacks against the targets above. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.167 reports four fires started on dock area. Minor explosions were seen on leaving.
One stick and S.B.C. was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bobs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area.
CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB.159 signalling in morse short distance from Belgian coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mod-channel. Parachute flare dropped, and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB.160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made.
Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack was made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over the North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.180 Berlin

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:00 – Landed 00:00
Flight Time 00:00

02/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116 and A.69
Ten Wellington aircraft carried out the above attacks. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs delayed action, containers of 4;bs. Incendiaries, while CB.236 carried one flash bomb.
CB.226 failed to locate target and bombs were brought back as no military target could be located.
CB.227 reports that bombs were dropped in a single stick across ZWISCHEICHEUR AERODROME. Small fires started by incendiaries.
Results were not observed by CB.232 owing to nine tenths cloud.
CB.234 reports that target was not attacked owing to 10/10 cloud extending over route half way over North Sea to target area.
Owing to very low cloud, no definite results were seen by CB.235. Large flashes were seen reflected on clouds which kept going for about 20 mins.
No results were observed by CB.236.
CB.237 reports that bombs were observed to burst short of target by 400 yards.
CB.238 reports that a stick of bombs were dropped on DE KOOY AERODROME. First bombs seen to burst short, but remainder on aerodrome.
CB.239 dropped one stick of bombs on red obstruction lights at Aerodrome at WESSEL. Results not observed owing to cloud, but there was a glow against the clouds resembling a fire.
Bomb bursts were observed by CB.240
Large fire seen in vicinity of AMSTERDAM. Flak ships observed off Dutch coast for 20 miles.
Heavy and light A.A. fire, fairly accurate, experienced in all target areas.
Slight searchlight activity but ineffective owing to cloud.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Weather was very poor; heavy cloud over whole of journey.
Navigation was mainly D/R, with Astro in one instance.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2821 AA-A
Raid No. CB.240 A.69 (Essen attacked as secondary target)

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. William Grice Hitchmough, RAF 653978 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:30 – Landed 02:15
Flight Time 06:45

08/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, Marshalling Yards Gremburg and Cologne
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was mixed and consisted of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250 lbs. bombs, delayed action, and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.253 reports a stick of four bombs dropped across target. Bursts observed, two fires started which burned until aircraft was out of sight of target.
CB.255 reached HAMBURG and dropped a flare over the town. A stick of bombs was dropped over the target but bursts were not observed due to searchlight activity.
CB.256 dropped in one stick and bursts observed in target area. Incendiaries seen to burn but no fires resulted.
CB.257 reports hits or near misses on target. Explosions unseen due to intense A.A. fire. Two fires seen burning afterwards.
F/Lt. Gilbert reports bombs fell short of target in docks on Northern side of the river. Observations of bombs uncertain due to heavy A.A. fire.
CB.258 dropped bombs in a level stick at 11,500 feet. Incendiary bombs started three small fires and a medium yellow explosion. Two bombs dropped on aerodrome at OLDENBURG; lights extinguished.
CB.259 reports one large fire started by stick of bombs. Smaller fires caused by incendiaries. Fires still burning after ten minutes.
CB.260 dropped one stick from 10,000 feet across target area.
CB.270 reports that bombs were seen to burst on target area. Three explosions seen in centre of incendiaries.
S/Ldr. Bain reports extensive and brilliant red fires visible for 60-70 miles.
Number of flare-paths seen at various parts of route. Flak ship North of WILHEMSHAVEN two miles off coast, 52* 50’N,04* 35’E.
Intense heavy and light A.A. fire was experienced on way to target and also in target areas.
Searchlights were fairly intense and accurate.
A number of enemy aircraft seen. CB.256 overtaken by two aircraft, believed ME.110, over target area. Three single engined machines, believed to be ME.109, circled this aircraft fr ten minutes during dummy runs over target. No attacks.
Weather was clear over target areas. Heavy cloud experienced over North Sea on return journey.
Navigation was by D/R, Q.D.M’s, Homing Bearings, and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2821 AA-A
Raid No. CB.256 A.10

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:15 – Landed 00:30
Flight Time 05:15

10/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.68, A.28, A.71, and Eindhoven Aerodrome
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was a mixed one and consisted of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs, delayed action and containers of incendiaries.
CB.278 reports that large fires started after bombs burst. Location was impossible because of thick haze and searchlights.
CB.283 dropped one stick from East to West across target. A number of large fires started, in the middle of which a large explosion was observed.
CB.284 reports that all bombs and incendiaries were seen to burst in target area. Two small fires left burning.
CB.285 reports bombs dropped on heading 120* in one stick. Bursts observed but unable to determine accuracy owing to searchlight dazzle.
CB.286 dropped one stick North to South. Bombs seen to burst on buildings. One bomb overshot landed in Rhine. Brilliant blue flashes observed. Small fires seen from incendiaries.
CB.288 reports that first two bombs caused two large orange flashes; nest four causes vivid blue flashes. Thought to be direct hits on power station.
CB.289 reports that all bombs fell in northern end of works on large building. Four fires started which eventually joined up into one large one.
CB.290 reports bomb burst in target area, with vivid green explosions. Incendiaries hung up so were dropped on large railway sidings near RHINEBURG. Twelve fires burning when aircraft was 50 miles away.
CB.291 reports bombs dropped in one stick from 12,000 feet. Results unobserved.
CB.294 reports that bombs fell short on docks. Explosions followed bomb bursts, fires started, burnt out after few minutes.
Flarepath, believed ENDHOVEN, observed in position 15* 20′ N, 04* 05* E. Dummy factory seen on Northern bend of river near DUSSELDORF.
Intense heavy anti-aircraft fire was experienced. This was fairly accurate.
Searchlights were active and fairly accurate.
CB.288 encountered and engaged one enemy aircraft which was seen to crash and burn three miles N.W. of STEENBERGEN.
Weather was fine. Cloud was experienced in some parts of route to and from target.
Navigation was by D/R, Q.D.M’s and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2821 AA-A
Raid No. CB.285 A.28

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:30 – Landed 03:40
Flight Time 04:10

14/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.76 and CC.24.
Eight Wellington aircraft of were detailed to carry out attacks on the above targets. The bomb load, which was a mixed one, consisted of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs, delayed action, containers of4lbs. incendiaries, and tins of Deckers.
CB.303 reports bombs burst along length of target from South to North starting three fires burning with orange-red flame. Fires suddenly spread with great rapidity and a tremendous explosion followed immediately. Showers of sparks were thrown high into the air; orange fire raging as target was left.
CB.304 dropped one stick across railway line at HANOVER. Large white explosions seen leaving target.
CB.306 dropped bombs in one stick on North side of No.1 basin. Large fire started.
CB.307 failed to locate primary target, and secondary targets, although located target areas. Attack carried out from 14,000 feet on LINGEN railway station. Incendiary fires larger than usual; bomb explosions observed on railway.
CB.308 reports all bombs seen to burst on target. Two explosions followed 30 seconds after bomb bursts and one terrific explosion one and a half mins. afterwards. Two large fires with columns of white smoke 5000-6000 feet in height and two smaller fires from incendiaries. Six tins of deckers scattered over target area, and eight tins dropped over RUHR area.
CB.309 reports bombs dropped in one stick. Bursts observed and incendiaries seen to start a line of fires which grew rapidly then died down but again broke out with about six explosions. A heavy smoke cloud was seen over the fires.
CB.312 reports that bomb bursts were observed in target area from stick of eight between Nos. 2 and 3 basins, starting at entrance (dock gates) of No.3 and finishing about centre of No.3 basin.
CB.316 reports incendiary bombs seen bursting near fire previously started between Nos. 2 and 3 basins. Basins presumably hit by high explosive bombs. All bombs dropped in one stick.
Dummy flare path seen at SOESTERBERG in Holland. Suspected dummy marshalling yard observed 30* HAMM 12 miles.
Very little A.A. fire experienced.
Searchlights were numerous but no very accurate. No enemy aircraft were seen
Heavy cloud was experienced to English Coast on journey out. Clear from then on.
Navigation was by D/R, Q.D.M’s, and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2821 AA-A
Raid No. CB.309 A.76
Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:00 – Landed 02:00
Flight Time 07:00

16/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target D.3 at KIEL
Nine Wellington aircraft carried out the above attacks. One of these aircraft, captained by P/O. Morton, crashed in Cumberland after having completed operations.
The bomb load consisted of 500lbs. S.A.P. bombs, 1/10 sec. delay.
CB.312 reports that a large red fire was observed.
CB.313 bombed docks in KIEL, but results were no observed.
CB.315 reports that results were not observed owing to low cloud and gun flashes.
CB.322 reports that target was observed in floating dock. Bomb bursts seen on target.
On the first run, CB.323 dropped a stick of two bombs which burst in water one on each side of GNEISENAU. A salvo of two bombs was dropped on second run and burst either side of the jetty of target. Heavy orange explosion was seen.
CB.324 reports that primary target was obscured by 10/10 cloud. Secondary target clear and easily identified. Good run up and bombs aimed accurately but bursts were not observed.
CB.325 dropped one stick from 11,500 feet. Bursts seen. Bombs fell N.E. of target on quays.
CB.326 dropped bombs in one stick on target. Bursts observed, but no pinpointed in relation to target due to cloud layer, but definitely in immediate vicinity of target. Rectangle of red lights 800 yds. x 600yds. seen in vicinity of LECK. Green light flashed from end like Aldis. Four red lights in a line North and South, equally spaced, across BORKUM. These flashed for one second at eight second intervals. Two searchlights believed to be on HELIGOLAND.
Fair amount of heavy A.A. fire. Fairly accurate. Searchlights were active, but ineffective owing to cloud. One enemy aircraft seen in NEUMUNSTER area. Believed to be HE.113.
Weather was clear over target areas. Heavy cloud experienced on return journey.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, and MF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2821 AA-A
Raid No. CB.324 D.3

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:50 – Landed 01:50
Flight Time 07:00

21/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.2 and A.28
Nine Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out the above attacks. CB.349 crashed and was burnt out at MANSTON, the crew escaping without injury. The aircraft captained by F/Lt. Gilbert lost port airscrew on return journey and crashed while trying to effect forced landing in fog. The crew suffered slight injury. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. S.A.P., 250lbs. fused N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.332 reports that bombs and incendiaries fell on docks in target area. Fire started which was seen for 30 minutes.
CB.335 dropped one stick of bombs in target area. Target not identified due to extreme haze. Explosions observed for 10mins. after leaving target.
CB.336 dropped one stick from 10,500 feet across target area. Bomb bursts seen but target not identified. Bombs fell on wharves and docks.
CB.343 reports that bombs were seen to burst in dock area.
CB.344 reports target area hit.
CB.345 dropped bombs in one stick. Bomb aimer identified docks but could not see the ship, so used neighbouring jetty as aiming point. Bursts were observed, followed by seven explosions, but visibility was insufficient to pinpoint these.
CB.349 reports numerous fires and a series of small explosions observed whilst locating target: visible for 10 mins after bombing until obscured by cloud.
F/Lt. Gilbert reports that results were not observed owing to searchlight glare. Three 500lbs. S.A.P. dropped to lighten aircraft to facilitate escape from searchlights and A.A. Incendiaries retained and dropped on railway siding N.W. of HAMBURG. Fire resulted, with a few small explosions.
P/O Wright reports large fires started, and 44 heavy explosions observed lasting about 10mins. Target burning steadily after setting course home.
Number of flare paths and boundary lights in area between EMDEN and WILHELNSHAVEN, also dummy aerodrome 5 miles S.W. HAMBURG. Balloons observed in DUSSELDORF area at 9000 feet.
Intense and accurate heavy A.A. fire experienced.
Searchlights were very active. In HAMBURG area they appeared to operate in groups, each group controlled by a pair of searchlights either on one mounting or on two mountings very close together and projecting parallel beams, one white, the other electric blue.
P/O. Wright reports being challenged by three enemy aircraft at 2000 feet over the Dutch coast. Stern attack by one, but avoided him by dive into cloud.
Weather was hazy over target areas. Heavy cloud encountered on return journey. Navigation was by D/R, Astro, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2821 AA-A
Raid No. CB.345 D.2

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:00 – Landed 23:30
Flight Time 05:30

23/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Berlin, Potsdam Station, D.148.
Five Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out the above attacks. One, CB.362, captained by P/O Sanderson, failed to return. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. Bomb, delayed action, 500lbs. Bombs delayed action, 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs delayed action, 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., containers of incendiaries, while CB.359 carried one flash bomb.
CB.358 reports results were not observed owing to two layers of cloud.
CB.359 attacked flarepath probably east of Berlin, bursts unobserved, but incendiaries observed burning 300 yards short of flarepath.
CB361 reports bombs seen to burst in vicinity of NEURUPPIN Aerodrome. No fires started.
NO results were observed by CB.368 due to intensity of searchlights.
EELDE Aerodrome lit with electric flare path and boundary lights. Red beacon at decoy aerodrome. Beacon flashing C.F. 530 3N 0450E. White beacon flashing 5 secs. approximately AMELAND.
A.A. fire was heavy and accurate.
Searchlights were few, and not very accurate owing to cloud. No enemy aircraft were seen. Heavy cloud was experienced in all areas. Navigation was by D/R, Astro and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2821 AA-A
Raid No. CB.359 Area T.

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:40 – Landed 07:20
Flight Time 08:40

25/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets B.8, D.1, and AERODROME at BRUSSELS
Nine Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. Bombs 250lbs. Bombs, delayed action, 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries.
CB.387 reports that bombs were seen to burst. Incendiaries resulted in numerous fires.
CB.388 dropped bombs in one stick. Bursts observed and incendiaries seen burning in target area, but not pin-pointed definitely. Fires still burning brightly 15 mins after leaving. One fire burning with bright greenish-blue flames.
CB.389 dropped bombs on heading 270*N, from a height of 11,000 feet. Bursts were seen, and six fires started.
CB.390 failed to identify primary target owing to low cloud or haze, but a terrific fire in the target area was located and attacked. Bursts were observed short of target and incendiaries started small fires.
CB.394 failed to locate the target.
CB.397 reports that bombs were seen to burst on target. No results were observed by CB.398.
CB.399 reports that fires and explosions , which silhouetted large buildings, were seen in target area.
F/O. Elliott reports that fires were started and a number of small explosions observed. Some large explosions occurred about five mins from time of bombing.
white flashing beacon 5 sec. interval seen South East corner of TESSEL. Several flashing beacons seen – ZUIDER ZEE, GRGINGEN, EMDEN.
A.A> fire was fairly intense, but not very accurate.
Searchlights were active but inaccurate.
Two enemy aircraft seen, but no attack made. Weather was poor, heavy cloud being experienced over most of the route.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, Homing bearings, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3297 AA-S
Raid No. CB.390 B.8

Sgt. Robert Frederick Noden, RAF 742742/ 125318 – Pilot.
Sgt. Drayton, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Armstrong, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Woods, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Cyril Anthony Frank Marusich, RNZAF NZ391866 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:05 – Landed 04:15
Flight Time 08:10

23/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets M.66, M.499, BOULOGNE, BERLIN
Eleven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. S.A.P. 1/10 delay; 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action 250lbs. N.D.T.; 250 lbs. delayed action; containers of incendiaries, while XUK.463 carried one flash bomb.
XUK.163 dropped one stick on station heading 220* Mag. One explosion and S.B.C. seen in target area by rear gunner either on station or yards, railway lines clearly observed. Target was pinpointed by position of two lakes east of BERKENWERDER and also by Tiergarten.
XUK.176 dropped one stick from 13,500 feet. Bomb burst seen amongst buildings in target area.
XUK.328 reports fires and explosions observed slightly north of target.
XUK.463 reports bombs seen to burst but results unobserved owing to searchlights and ground mist.
XUK.513 reports bombs seen to explode and fires started, followed by minor explosions.
XUK.565 failed to observe results owing to low cloud and ground haze. Bombs definitely seen to burst near target area.
XUK.615 reports bomb bursts observed in target area on East side of the river Rhine. Incendiaries caused two small fires.
XUK.709 reports large fires and explosions observed from 10-12 miles form target.
XUK.770 was unable to locate target owing to cloud and was recalled to base. Bombs were jettisoned safe over sea.
XUK.840 reports incendiaries only observed, numerous fires resulting. No other results observed due to intense searchlight activity.
XUK.917 reports all bombs seen to burst. Incendiaries burst on last bomb flash.
Fires, apparently dummy, seen N.W. of HANOVER. Convoy observed in North Sea 30 miles East of HARWICH being attacked at South end. GHENT well lit up, practically no blackout.
A.A. fire was fairly intense and accurate in all areas.
Searchlights were intense and moderately accurate. A number of enemy aircraft were seen. XUK.917 reports being attacked by two or more in target area.
Opened fired with red and green tracer, and did a climbing turn straight at them. Did not see them again.
Weather in target areas was clear. Cloud was experienced at various parts of routes.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, MF/DF, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3275 dnc AA-K
Raid No. XUK.770 Houlogne Harbout (did not bomb)

Sgt. Drayton, RAF – Pilot.
Sgt. Neate, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Lester, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Wells, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLaughlan, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Sheppard, RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:15 – Landed 21:50
Flight Time 03:35

22/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against targets D.55 and Flushing
Twelve Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft,DMU.692, captained SGT. Chuter, failed to return. DMU.936 failed to locate target and bombs were bought back. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T. and delayed action, 250lbs. delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
DMU.288 reports explosions and fires seen, but damage was unobserved.
DMU.303 reports numerous fires started by incendiaries in target area. Two other bomb loads dropped near by.
DMU.444 reports 1000lbs. bomb seen to land on or very near railway. Incendiary bombs not dropped.
DMU.494 reports several large fires caused, still burning when area was left.
DMU.515 dropped bombs on south perimeter of target along railway. Small fires started. Several large white explosions 3-5 mins after leaving target.
DMU.588 reports bombs and incendiaries seen to burst in the target area. Two fires persisting from the incendiaries, and one large fire, visible 17 mins after leaving, from the bomb bursts obscured in cloud after this time.
DMU.738 reports centre of town bombed and a large fire observed with six white explosions some minutes afterwards.
DMU.781 dropped bombs in two sticks over city causing one large line of fires quarter of a mile long. From these fires 15 to 20 large explosions were observed.
DMU.804 failed to locate target owing to low cloud, but bombed an aerodrome in France, RHEIMS AREA. Seven fires started. Six large explosions five mins later, presumably aircraft.
DMU.943 reports bombs seen to burst in target area amongst other fires, causing explosions.
Several flarepaths were observed at various parts of route. Large dummy town 30 miles S.E. of MANNHEIM and dummy fire seen in middle of town. Blackout very bad over ANTWERP and Belgium. Much snow in Germany.
Fairly intense A.A. fire experienced over MANNHEIM. Very little experienced elsewhere.
There was not much searchlight activity.
DMU.804 reports being attacked by one ME.110 five mins. after bombing. This machine was hit but not brought down (60 rounds fired by front gunner).
Low cloud was experienced at various parts and target areas.
Navigation was by D/R. W/T.Q.D.M’s, and astro.

Wellington Mk.1c R.1177 AA-K
Raid No. DMU.288 Flushing (Flushing aerodrome attacked as secondary target)

Sgt. Drayton, RAF – Pilot.
Sgt. Mussel-White, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Lester, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Wells, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLaughlan, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Sheppard, RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:15 – Landed 20:25
Flight Time 03:10

01/01/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets N.35 and D.1.
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft, CAR.?? Captained by P/O Hankins, returned to base owing to starboard engine trouble and bombs were jettisoned in North Sea about 50 miles due East of Yarmouth. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action, 250lbs. L.C.I., and containers of incendiaries.
Results were not observed by CAR.161 owing to numerous fires already in target area. Three runs were made over the target at 10,000 feet. H.E. and L.C. dropped on first run and incendiaries on second run on the target.
CAR.409 reports large fires added to on first run with incendiaries. Flashes observed from heavy bombs on second run.
CAR.581 saw bombs explode about 400tds. west of target.
Incendiaries added to numerous fires already burning.
CAR.658 reports bombs fell short to S.E. of target, adding to fires already burning there.
CAR.811 reports greenish explosion from H.E. bombs. Small fires from incendiaries. Bombs burst 400 yds S.E. of target.
CAR.992 failed to observe bomb bursts owing to fires in target area. Incendiaries added to fires.
Flashing beacon, one dot every two seconds, observed in position approximately 53N, 04 45’E. Several fires in and around BREMEN.
Intense light and heavy A.A. fire, inaccurate, experienced at parts of target areas.
Searchlights were intense but inaccurate in target areas.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
The weather was fairly clear over target areas, but cloud was experienced at various parts of route.
Navigation was by D/R. Q.D.M’s, astro and W/T.

Wellington Mk.Ic T.2547 AA-F

Sgt. Drayton, RAFVR – Pilot.
Sgt. Musselwhite, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Lester, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Wells, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLaugchlan, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Brenton Murray Sheppard, RNZAF NZ39977 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:00 – Landed 23:00
Flight Time 05:00

04/01/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Duisberg, Brest and Target M.61.
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. XMU.284 andXMU.989 failed to locate targets, the former bringing bombs back, while the latter dropped bombs safe in sea. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
XMU.310 reports incendiaries seen to burst and five mins later reddish yellow explosions for a couple of minutes. Owing to cloud XMU.382 failed to observe results. Results were not observed by XMU.441 owing to 10/10 cloud. XMU.467 reports glow observed through cloud after bombs were dropped.
Owing to 9/10 – 10/10 clouds no results were observed by XMU.483. XMU.561 was unable to pinpoint target owing to 10/10 cloud. One 500lbs. bomb dropped. Rest of bombs in middle of resulting flak fire.
XMU.691 bombed through 10/10 cloud on concentration of flak. Bursts observed on cloud base.
XMU.784 dropped bombs in three sticks. One large bright explosion observed leaving a glow under the cloud. Two fires were observed near to BREST target.
Accurate heavy A.A. fire experienced in DUISBERG area. Intense light and moderate heavy flak, fairly accurate, in BREST area.
Searchlights were ineffective owing to heavy cloud.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Ten-tenths cloud experienced over whole route. Severe icing.
Navigation was by Astro, D/R, and W/T.

Wellington Mk.Ic T.2547 AA-F

Sgt. Drayton, RAFVR – Pilot.
Sgt. Musselwhite, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Lester, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Wells, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLaugchlan, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lawrence, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:45 – Landed 23:00
Flight Time 06:15

11/01/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Turin and Wilhelmshaven
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft, XDS.521, did not reach the target owing to engine trouble. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs.N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
XDS.102 aimed bombs at Royal Arsenal, Turin, but these fell off late owing to freezing of bombing gear, and fell either on or very near Fiat works. Several explosions observed after bursting of bombs, one very large explosion after about five minutes. Four fires left burning.
XDS.208 dropped bombs in a stick causing a fire and three or four bright explosions.
XDS.292 reports bomb burst approximately one mile South of target. Results unobserved as low cloud obscured target.
XDS.497 failed to observe results owing to 10/10 cloud.
XDS.555 bombed through thick cloud. Results not observed.
XDS.646 reports hits registered in target area, but cloud prevented accurate observations.
GENEVA was seen to be lit up.
Much heavy and light A.A. fire in target areas; inaccurate.
Heavy and light encountered up valley of Alps.
No searchlights encountered in Italy. Eight seen at DUNKIRK, but these were not accurate.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
Ten-tenths cloud was experienced over most of route, and in target area.
Navigation was by D/R, map reading, astro, W/T.
XDS.713 failed to locate the target owing to 10/10 cloud. Bombs released on intense concentration of light flak on D/R position WILLHELMSHAVEN.

Wellington Mk.Ic T.2547 AA-F

Sgt. Drayton, RAFVR – Pilot. S
gt. Mussel-white, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Lester, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Wells, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John James Joseph Mylod, RAFVR 935925 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lawrence, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 01:50 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 02:00

15/01/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Wilhelmshaven
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. One of these aircraft, JSK.150, failed to attack target owing to wireless failure on outward journey and jettisoned bombs in North Sea.
The bomb load carried consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T. and containers of incendiaries.
As aiming point was already well alight, JSK.148 laid one stick from East to West just North of aiming mark starting fresh fires.
JSK.252 reports N.E. burst just by target. Incendiaries round target, starting large fires.
JSK.325 reports hits registered within target area. Exact position not visible owing to extensive fires previously caused. Further fires observed by rear gunner.
JSK.525 reports many fires seen in, and around target. Own results could not be defined owing to these fires.
JSK.600 dropped H.E. from 10,000 feet. Results unobserved owing to intense fires in target area. Incendiaries dropped on course of 110* from 10,000 feet in a position 300yds. south of railway station. Burned until aircraft was out of sight of target area.
JSK.696 dropped bombs in one stick running east to west. H.E. bursts observed. Incendiaries seen to cause large fire visible 15-20 mins after leaving target.
To large ships, presumed Bremen and Europa, in BREMERHAVEN. Dummy town in position 20 miles West of target area 52*45’N. 04*45’E. Dummy target bearing 190* 15 miles from target.
Intense light and heavy tracer and some heavy flak in target area. Intense heavy flak at OLDENBURG and BREMERHAVEN.
Several searchlights in target area; hampered by moonlight.
JSK.148 reports being attacked by enemy aircraft, probably ME.109, south of BREMERSHAVEN but the attack was not pressed home. One other enemy aircraft, presumed ME.109, seen at BREMERHAVEN, but no attack made.
Weather was very good, there being little or no cloud. Visibility good.
Navigation was by D/R, map reading, and astro.

Wellington Mk.Ic L.7848 AA-V

Sgt. Drayton, RAFVR – Pilot.
Sgt. Hutt, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Lester, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Wells, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLaugchlan, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Brenton Murray Sheppard, RNZAF NZ39977 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:35 – Landed 00:25
Flight Time 04:50

27/01/1941 – Bombing Attacks on Targets at Hanover
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft, BNF.882, captained by S/L. Kain, failed to reach target owing to engine trouble, and bombs were jettisoned “safe” in sea. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T. and containers of incendiaries. BNF. 253 reports bursts observed in target area by rear gunners. BNF. 268 dropped bombs in a single stick: 1000 lbs. seen to burst near railway station. BNF.432 reports two fires caused by incendiaries. H.E. dropped in target area. BNF.550 dropped incendiaries on target on first run. H.E. dropped on second run and seen to explode on the fires. Three red fires burning in middle of incendiaries upon leaving target. BNF.654 dropped bombs in two sticks across centre of city. Numerous fires started, increasing in size as target was left. BNF.817 located target and dropped a stick of bombs running North East. Line of fires resulted. Aerodrome observed 10 miles N.W. of LINZEN. Two photos of target area taken by BNF.253.. Fairly accurate heavy and light A.A. fire was experienced in target areas. Very few searchlights over target area: not accurate. No enemy aircraft were encountered. The weather was clear over Germany. Low cloud over England and elsewhere en route. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, astro, Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.Ic T.2505 AA-?

Sgt. Drayton, RAFVR – Pilot.
Sgt. Hutt, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Lester, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Wells, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Cumberland Stapleton Cotton, RNZAF NZ401202 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. David Alexander Abbott, RNZAF NZ401219 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 01:40 – Landed 08:20
Flight Time 06:40

10/02/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Hanover and Rotterdam
Thirteen Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks on the above target. Hits were registered in the target area. A balloon was seen flying over Hanover at 9,000 feet. Two beacons were observed at Ymuiden flashing one dot every three seconds. Many dummy fires were also seen. Fair amount of heavy and light A.A. fire was encountered in target area. This ceased when red tracer followed by white tracer was fired. A number of enemy aircraft were seen, while LUX.657 reports being hit by machine gun bullets and explosive shells fired by enemy aircraft which attacked. The hydraulic gear was damaged and the aircraft crashed on landing at Methwold. The weather was good but there was scattered cloud. Navigation was by astro, pin points and map reading

Wellington Mk.Ic R.3166 AA-M

Sgt. Drayton, RAFVR – Pilot.
Sgt. Hutt, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Clarence William ‘Taffy’ Evans, RNZAF NZ40619 – Observer.
Sgt. Wells, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Johnson, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. David Alexander Abbott, RNZAF NZ401219 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:09 – Landed 03:48
Flight Time 05:39

14/02/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Gelsenkirchen
Twelve Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. Bombs were seen to burst in target area, and many fires were observed. Dummy fires were seen near the target. Heavy and medium A.A. fire was encountered in the target area and on route. Searchlights were active from the Dutch coast to target. No enemy aircraft were seen. The weather was fine, but there was some ground mist.

Wellington Mk.Ic T.2747 AA-J

Sgt. Drayton, RAFVR – Pilot.
Sgt. Hutt, RAFVR – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Fairlam, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Wells, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Johnston, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lawrence, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:25 – Landed 00:55
Flight Time 05:30