E.G.D. Jarman crew 13.03.42 †

Fernie-1stJarmanCrew[4]

The first Jarman crew, in front of Vickers Wellington X3636, AA-R, probably March 1942.
Back row, L-R: John Fernie, Wireless Operator, Trafford Nicol, 2nd Pilot, Eric Jarman, Captain, Stanley Hall, Navigator.
Front, L-R: Jim Harris, Rear Gunner, Ron Davey, Front Gunner / Bomb Aimer – NZ Bomber Command Assn, Stan Brooks collection, via Anna Rhodes-Sayer.

Trafford McRae Nicol was born in 1921, son of James Alexander & Louisa Clara Nicol who lived in Inglis St., Seatoun, Wellington, New Zealand.

He went to school at Rongotai College, and Wellington College, and enlisted in the RNZAF in early 1941, aged 20, undergoing Initial Training (probably at Levin), then pilot training at No. 2 Service Flying Training School (2 SFTS), Woodbourne.

TraffordMcRNicol-Course14BWoodbourne[3]

Graduation photo for No. 14B (War) Course, 2SFTS, Woodbourne, 1941.
Trafford Nicol, back row, second from right.
– Barbara Ogilvie.

Five other 75 (NZ) Squadron pilots appear in this group:

– middle row left, Graham Murdoch, whose path closely followed Trafford’s (see below);
– next to him, Alan Tolley, lost with all the crew of Stirling BF506, AA-P on 21st April 1943 in a raid on Rostock ;
– front row left, a very young Cyril “Mac” Baigent, DSO, DFC, AFC, later to become Wing         Commander and Commanding Officer of 75, the youngest CO in Bomber Command;
– next to him, John McCullough, DFC, lost with Stirling BK604, AA-S on 3 Feb 1943.
– William Horne, who flew 2nd Pilot with S/L Ray Newton.

Trafford then sailed to England, and went through Operational Training at 12 OTU, Chipping Warden:

TraffordMcRNicol-23CourseChippingWarden[3]

No. 23 Course – Pilots – Chipping Warden, UK, December 1941.
Back row, L-R: 3. Rip Rogers (+), 4. Johnny Wilmshurst (missing), 5. Cyril Wrightson (+).
Middle row, L-R: 4. ? Buller (+), 6. Roy Willson (+).
Front row, L-R: 1. Roy Spear (missing), 2. Jim Cowan (missing), 3. Trafford Nicol (+), 4. Stinker Murdoch (+), 8. John Keenberg, 9. Ric Richardson (+), 10. Rupert Smith (missing).
– Barbara Ogilvie.

Again, several of the pilots named in this photo went on to serve with 75 (NZ) Sqdn.

Sgt Johnny Wilmshurst was lost with all his crew on a daylight op’ to Duisburg on the 10th of July.

Incredibly, P/O Graham “Stinker” Murdoch and P/O Rupert John Smith, both died on the same night captaining separate aircraft, both with all crew lost, on the 9th of June during a raid on Essen.

And equally incredible, Sgt Cyril Wrightson died flying 2nd Pilot with F/S Mahood, with all crew lost, on the night of the 22nd/23rd of April during a raid on Cologne, the same operation that resulted in Trafford Nicol’s death.

75 (NZ) Squadron Operational Record Book,  Form 540, March 1942: P/O Nicol, T.M. Posted to this unit from No, 12 O.T.U w.e.f. 10.3.42

Trafford was posted in from 12 OTU on the 10th of March, together P/O Graham Murdoch, and must have joined Eric Jarman’s crew within a day or two.

Sgt Eric “Rick” or “Riki” Jarman came from Yeppoon, in Queensland, Australia, and was a clerk at Rockhampton before he enlisted in the RAAF in September, 1940.

He had arrived at 75 (NZ) Sqdn in November the previous year, and had been flying as 2nd Pilot with S/L Peter Kitchin. The squadron had flown very few operations during this period as Bomber Command re-assessed strategies after a disastrous Berlin raid on 7/8 November, and then as 75 became busy training and converting from the 1C Wellingtons to the new Mark IIIs.

07/11/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Berlin and Ostend
Fourteen Wellington Ic aircraft were detailed from this Unit to attack the above targets. Two of these aircraft, X.9951, captained by F/O Methven and X.9976, captained by Sgt. Black, failed to return to base. A mixed bomb load was carried consisting of 1000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs and containers of incendiaries. Bombs were dropped in target area and some large fires were started, but results were not clearly observed owing to heavy cloud over target area. A considerable amount of heavy flak was met over target area but searchlights, where seen, were ineffective. No enemy aircraft were met throughout the trip. Weather was poor with 10/10th cloud ver target area. Navigation was good, Astro and D/R loops being used. Wellington Z.1091, captained by P/O Sandys returned to base owing to engine trouble. Wellington Z.1068, captained by Sgt. Parham returned to base owing to Navigator being sick.

Wellington Mk.Ic Z.1095 AA-?

S/L Peter James Robert Kitchin, RAFVR 39539 – Pilot.
Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Talyor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. William Clezy, RAFVR 1365054 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Tony Kevin Carter, RAFVR 1375377 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lloyd Montgomery Chamberlain, RNZAF NZ40914 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:35 – Landed 23:55
Flight Time 03:20

08/11/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Essen
Eleven Wellington Ic aircraft were detailed to carry out the above attacks from this Unit. Three aircraft, X.9628, captained by Sgt. Smith, X.9977, captained by Sgt. Nunn, and Z.8942 captained by Sgt. Wilson failed to return to base. Many large fires were started with resultant explosions and bursts were observed across a built up area. A railway junction south of target was also successfully attacked. Much heavy and light flak was experienced and heavy concentrations of searchlights were active in target area. Several enemy aircraft were seen at target but no attacks were made. Weather was moderately clear to target but haze 5/10ths to 9/10ths over target area. Navigation was very good.

Wellington Mk.Ic Z.1093 AA-M

S/L Peter James Robert Kitchin, RAFVR 39539 – Pilot.
Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Talyor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. William Clezy, RAFVR 1365054 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Tony Kevin Carter, RAFVR 1375377 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lloyd Montgomery Chamberlain, RNZAF NZ40914 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:40 – Landed 22:10
Flight Time 04:30

26/11/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Emden and Ostend
Seventeen Wellington Ic aircraft were detailed from this Unit to attack the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried consisting of 4000,lbs, 1000lbs, 500lbs. 250lbs and containers of incendiaries. Very bad weather prevented the target being identified and results were not observed. A few bombs were however dropped in target area and one flash was seen. The remainder were brought back to base. Heavy and light predicted A.A. fire was met over target area and cones of searchlights were active. One single engine aircraft and one Junkers 88 enemy aircraft were seen but were successfully evaded. Weather was extremely bad and marred the whole operation. 10/10th cloud was met throughout the journey to and from the target. Navigation was D.R. and Q.D. M.s. One of these aircraft, Z.1114, captained by Sgt. Evans, returned to base with engine trouble.

Wellington Mk.Ic Z.8441 AA-T

S/L Peter James Robert Kitchin, RAFVR 39539 – Pilot.
Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Talyor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. William Clezy, RAFVR 1365054 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Tony Kevin Carter, RAFVR 1375377 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Desmond Stewart Tutty, RNZAF NZ404576 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:20 – Landed 23:07
Flight Time 05:47

30/11/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Emden and Hamburg
Eleven Wellington Ic and two Wellington II aircraft were detailed from the Unit to attack the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried consisting of 4000lbs, 1000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs and containers of incendiaries. Weather was clear and visibility good. A few bombs were dropped in the target area the remaining were bought back to base. Heavy, medium and light flak was encountered and a large number of searchlights were active. (Sentence illegible). One unidentified aircraft was also seen off the Frisian Islands. A convoy off Cromer fired at aircraft until colours were fired. Navigation was good. Astro and D.R. loop being used. One Wellington Ic aircraft, 1099, captained by Sgt. Harrison-Smith failed to return to base.

Wellington Mk.Ic Z.8441 AA-T

S/L Peter James Robert Kitchin, RAFVR 39539 – Pilot.
Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Talyor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. William Clezy, RAFVR 1365054 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Tony Kevin Carter, RAFVR 1375377 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Desmond Stewart Tutty, RNZAF NZ404576 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:50? – Landed unreadable
Flight Time –

17/12/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Brest and Le Havre
Seven Wellington Ic aircraft were detailed from this Unit to carry out the above attacks. Bomb load consisted of 500lbs, 250lbs and containers of incendiaries. Bombs were dropped in the target area but results were not observed. Light and heavy flak was encountered and many searchlights were active but ineffective owing to low cloud. Visibility was fair but 10/10 cloud over target area. Navigation was good. Wellington Z.1083, captained by Sgt. Climie, landed at Exeter on return to get medical aid to P/O Gunning who was injured whilst the aircraft was over target.

Wellington Mk.Ic X.9957 AA-?

S/L Peter James Robert Kitchin, RAFVR 39539 – Pilot.
Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Talyor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. William Clezy, RAFVR 1365054 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Tony Kevin Carter, RAFVR 1375377 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lloyd Montgomery Chamberlain, RNZAF NZ40914 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:45 – Landed 22:30
Flight Time 05:45

08/03/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Essen
Eleven Wellington aircraft carried out an attack against the above target. Bomb load consisted of 500 lbs, 250 lbs and S.B.C’s which were dropped in the target area, fires were seen to be burning in the target area. Weather was clear except for haze over the target. There were many searchlights but these were ineffective. Accurate heavy flak was encountered over the target. No enemy aircraft were seen. Navigation was by D.R. and TR1335 and was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3587 AA-P/S

S/L Peter James Robert Kitchin, RAF 39539 – Pilot.
Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. William Clezy, RAFVR 1365054 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry James Carter, RNZAF 929289/ 104474 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lloyd Montgomery Chamberlain, RNZAF NZ40914 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 00:20 – Landed 04:35
Flight Time 04:15

Jarman carried out his first Night Flying Test as Captain of his own aircraft on 9 March, a 15 minute flight in Wellington III  X3587, AA-P.

The Jarman crew was:
Sgt Eric George Delancey  ‘RIck/ Riki’ Jarman, RAAF AUS404507 – Pilot
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol, RNZAF NZ411929 – 2nd Pilot
Sgt Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator
Sgt John Alexander Fernie, RAF 980003 – Wireless Operator
Sgt Ron S. Davey, RAF – Front Gunner / Bomb Aimer
Sgt Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner

Stanley Hall and Richard Harris had arrived separately on Squadron only a week or so earlier, but John Fernie and Ron Davey had been on the Squadron since November the previous year.

Fernie originally crewed up with Sgt Robert Arthur Colville RNZAF, and had already flown 7 op’s.

He had very fortunately not been on board when Colville took Wellington X3355, AA-Y up for an air test on 28 February, although as was the norm at the time, four ground crew had gone along for the ride. Just after take-off, Colville lost his starboard engine, and then as he attempted to turn back to the airfield to make an emergency landing, the port engine failed as well. The aircraft crashed near Lakenheath, killing two of the ground crew, and leaving the 2nd Pilot Sgt Woodham fatally injured. Colville and the other two ground crew were seriously injured, Colville almost losing both legs.

Davey had flown 2 op’s with Sgt Giddens, but for some reason Giddens left the Squadron in December. Davey may have trained with other crews during January and February.

09/03/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Essen
Eleven Wellington III aircraft carried out an attack against the above target. Bomb load consisted of 500 lbs, 250 lbs and containers of incendiaries, and was dropped in the target area, fires and bomb bursts being seen. A strong flak defence was encountered over the target and searchlights were very active. One Me.110 was seen and one unidentified aircraft was seen to be shot down by an enemy fighter. Weather was good. Navigation was by D.R. and TR1335.

Wellington Mk.III X.3587 AA-P/S

S/L Peter James Robert Kitchin, RAF 39539 – Pilot.
Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. William Clezy, RAFVR 1365054 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry James Carter, RAFVR 929289/ 104474 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lloyd Montgomery Chamberlain, RNZAF NZ40914 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:10 – Landed 00:15
Flight Time 04:05

13.3.42 Night Flying Test (NFT)
Sgt. Jarman, Wellington III X3.403, AA-S
Flight time 00:10

After this air-test, the crew climbed back on board Wellington Mk.III X.3403 AA-S for their first Operational sortie as a crew.

13/03/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Dunkirk
Four Wellington III aircraft set out to bomb the above target but only one machine successfully carried out the task, Wellington III X3667, captained by Sgt Bell. Bomb load of 250 lbs was dropped on the docks but results were not observed. There were a small number of searchlights active and medium flak was encountered. no enemy aircraft were seen however. Weather was fine with a ground haze over the target. Navigation was good, TR1335 being used.

Wellington Mk.III X.3403 AA-S

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Peter John Wilson RNZAF NZ402475 2nd Pilot.
P/O Nathaniel Edmund Hodson, RNZAF NZ403603 – Navigator.
P/O Norman George Errington, RAFVR 942763/ 115638 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Rains, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:55 – Landed 22:40
Flight Time 02:45

15.3.42 Training
Sgt. Jarman and crew carried out cross country in Wellington III X3403, AA-S
Flight time 03:15

For the crew’s second Op, the position of 2nd Pilot was filled by P/O Trafford McRae Nichol.

25/03/1942 – Attack Against Targets at St.Nazaire and Essen
Twelve aircraft were detailed to carry out the above attack. Wellington III X3652, captained by P/O Slater failed to return, and two aircraft failed to locate the target. Bomb Load consisted of 500 lbs and 250 lbs, this being dropped in the target area but no results were observed. Slight A.A. fire and a few ineffective searchlights were encountered but no enemy fighters were seen. Weather was fine with slight ground haze. Navigation by TR1335 and D.R. was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3636 AA-R

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:10 – Landed 01:25
Flight Time 06:15

26/03/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Essen and Le Havre
Eight Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out the above attack. Bomb load consisted of 500 lbs, 250 lbs and containers of incendiaries, were dropped in the target area. Accurate, intense flak was encountered, searchlights were ineffective. One single engined aircraft was seen near Le Havre but no attack was made. Weather was fair with haze over target. Navigation by TR1335 and D.R. was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3636 AA-R

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:50 – Landed 00:35
Flight Time 04:45

28/03/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Lubeck
Ten Wellington aircraft took off to attack the above target, one aircraft, Wellington III X3462 captained by Sgt Bell failed to return to base. Bomb load consisting of 4,000 lbs, 1,000 lbs, 500 lbs, 250 lbs, and containers of incendiaries was dropped in the target area. Bombs were seen to burst on target and large fires were seen burning in the target area. Weather was clear except for slight haze over west portion of the North Sea. There was very little A.A. Fire and few searchlights over the target. No enemy aircraft were seen. Navigation by TR1335 and D.R. was good. he whole operation was very successful.

Wellington Mk.III X.3636 AA-R

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:30 – Landed 02:25
Flight Time 06:55

A new Commanding Officer arrived at the Squadron on 6 April, W/Cdr Ted Olson. Some time shortly after he arrived, a set of informal group photos were taken, some of which show Trafford and other members of the Jarman crew.

SquadronGroupApril1942-crop[5]

Detail from “Group portrait of the 75th New Zealand Bomber Squadron, Royal Air Force, alongside a Vickers bomber aeroplane, England” Taken at Feltwell some time between 6 and 22 April,1942
1. Trafford Nicol, 2. Rick Jarman, 3. John Fernie, 4. Stanley Hall, 5. Jim Harris. W/C Ted Olson is standing left with arms folded.
Credit: National Library of New Zealand. Ref: 1/2-123840-Ghttp://natlib.govt.nz/records/22753875 Description: 75th New Zealand Bomber Squadron, Royal Air Force, alongside a Vickers bomber aeroplane, 30 June, 1942, in England. Photographer unidentified. Evening Post (Wellington, NZ).

10/04/1942 – Operations – Attack Against Targets Essen
Eight Well.III a/c from this unit were detailed to attack the above target. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 250 lbs, was dropped in the target area but results were not seen. There was heavy predicted flak and searchlights were fairly intense. No enemy a/c were seen. Weather was fine with 7/10 cloud. Navigation by astro, D.F. and loop was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3714 AA-W

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:03 – Landed 03:14
Flight Time 05:11

12/04/1942 – Operations – Attack Against at LeHavre and Essen
Ten Well.III, aircraft were detailed to attack the above targets. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs, was dropped in the target area, bomb bursts being observed. Fairly accurate heavy and medium flak was encountered. There were a great number of searchlights active in cones. Many fighters flares and red and green lights were seen on route. One fighter a/c was seen over North Sea about 250 miles from the Dutch Coast. Weather was very clear with visibility up to 100 miles. Navigation was by TR, DR and loops.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:55 – Landed 04:10
Flight Time 05:15

14/04/1942 – Operations – Attack Against at Dortmund and Le Havre
Seven Well.III a/c from this unit were detailed to attack the above targets. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, and 250lbs was dropped in the target area but no results were observed. There was very little flak and searchlights were few although there were some cones over the target. Two fighters were seen but they did not attack. Weather was fine with slight ground haze. Navigation by DR, TR and loops was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:20 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 05:25

15/04/1942 – Operations – Attack Against at Le Havre and Dortmund
Eight Well.III aircraft were detailed to attack the above targets. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs was dropped in the target area and bomb bursts were seen. There was some heavy predicted flak and tracer over target and searchlights were ineffective owing to cloud. No enemy a/c were seen. Weather at Dortmund was cloudy with slight ground haze. Navigation was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3667 AA-?

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:56 – Landed 05:36
Flight Time 05:40

17/04/1942 – Operations – Attack Against Targets at Hamburg
Eight Well.III a/c were detailed to attack the above target. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 1000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs, 30lb and 4lb incendiaries was dropped in the target area and bomb bursts were seen. Well.III, X.3636 jettisoned its bombs when in searchlight beams. There was intense heavy flak co-operating with searchlights which were numerous. Weather was clear and there was a slight ground haze. Navigation was good by TR, loops and DR.

Wellington Mk.III X.3636 AA-R

Sgt. Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:51 – Landed 04:46
Flight Time 04:55

22/04/1942 – Operations – Attack Against Targets at Cologne
Ten Well.III a\c were detailed attack the above targets. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 100lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs, 30lb and 4lb incendiaries was dropped in the target area but no results seen owing to cloud. There were only a few searchlights active and A.A. fire was slight. Well.III, X3487 captained by P/O Jarman was attacked by a JU.88 which attacked once and broke away to port. The results of this short attack were however serious the second pilot, P/O Nicol being mortally wounded, the rear gunner Sgt. Harris being killed and the Navigator Sgt. Taylor and W/Op. Sgt. Fernie were wounded. The bomb load was not dropped on the target but was dropped in the sea. The a/c was brought back to base and crash landed. Well.III, X3705, captained by F/S. McLachlan, was also attacked and the second pilot killed (P/O. Fountain) and Sgt. Tutty was wounded. F/Sgt. McLachlan managed to reach base and crash land.

Wellington Mk.III X.3487 AA-O
a/c shot up by JU88 and crash landed on return. Sgt. Harris was killed in the attack. P/O Nicol died of injuries the day after

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 04:40
Flight Time 06:25

P/O Trafford McRae Nicol, RNZAF NZ411929 – 2nd Pilot.
Fatally wounded, dying of his injuries the following morning age 21.
Son of James Alexander and Louisa Clara Nicol, of Seatoun, Wellington, New Zealand.
Buried Feltwell (St. Nicholas) Churchyard, Norfolk, England..
Grave location – Row C. Grave 11.

Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.
Killed age 24.
Son of Arthur John and Henrietta Harris, of Bombay, Auckland, New Zealand.
Buried Feltwell (St. Nicholas) Churchyard, Norfolk, England..
Grave location – Row B. Grave 11.

Feltwell Station Log Wednesday 23rd April 1942: “0442 O.75 crash-landed (18th) last A/c.”

Rick Jarman was awarded the DFC for his part in the incident:

DFC citation E.G.D. Jarman, RAAF:

Citation DFC (Imm) (15 May 1942) “One night in April 1942 this officer was the captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Cologne. Whilst over the target area, the aircraft was hit by shellfire and sustained damage. The navigator, wireless operator and front gunner were injured, but despite this, Pilot Officer Jarman flew on to make his attack. On the return journey it was discovered that a bomb had not fallen owing to the damage caused by the enemy’s shellfire whereupon Pilot Officer Jarman altered course and headed for the North Sea so that the bomb could be jettisoned. Before reaching the sea, however, his aircraft was subjected to an attack by an enemy fighter whose fire killed the rear gunner, wounded the second pilot and inflicted further damage on the aircraft. Skilfully controlling the bomber Pilot Officer Jarman continued his flight and after jettisoning the bomb in the sea, he finally reached this country where he made a safe landing with the undercarriage retracted.”

They crash-landed at 4:40 in the morning. Trafford was badly wounded, and passed away later that day.

From “New Zealanders in the Air War”, by Alan Mitchell:

On these five operations only one aircraft was lost, but several injured men were brought back. One, Pilot Officer T. McRae Nicol, of Welling­ton, had been badly hit in the abdomen by shell-splinters. He was in great pain when they lifted him tenderly from the aircraft into the ambulance, but he had a smile for Olson.

I’ve got a guts full of lead, sir,” he told the CO., almost proudly. Morphia eased the rack of the pain, but although he probably knew he had little chance of survival, he remained cheerful until he died.

Trafford’s niece, Barbara remembers reading a letter from the Squadron’s Chaplin to Trafford’s parents saying that Trafford was a great leader, was always so positive and one of his favourites.  The letter also said that a WAAF had given Trafford a cup of hot tea before he was removed from his Wellington, and that the hot tea may have caused more damage to his stomach.  Barbara says she always thought that it was funny how her uncle died in the war from a hot cup of tea…….

Trafford was buried with full military honours at Feltwell’s St. Nicholas Churchyard, Row C Grave 11, on the 29th of April.

His crewmate Jim Harris was buried the same day at St. Nicholas Churchyard, Row B Grave 11.
 
Returning from the same Cologne operation in the early hours of 23 April, another night fighter had attacked the McLachlan crew’s Wellington X3705, AA-F, killing 2nd Pilot P/O Cedric Fountain, RNZAF (NZ41981). They also struggled to reach Base, and had crash-landed at Feltwell about an hour before the Jarman crew.  Trafford, Jim and Cedric were all buried at St Nicholas Churchyard on the same day, and the photograph of the funeral party suggests that the three airmen were taken on the same carriage:

TraffordMcRNicol-Funeral-Felwell-27May1942[3]

P/O Trafford Nicol’s funeral, Feltwell, 29 June 1942.
– Barbara Ogilvie.

The wounded and no doubt traumatised survivors were stood down from Op’s while they recuperated, but Jarman was back flying less than three weeks later, recorded as carrying out landings with a new 2nd Pilot, P/O Trevor Smith, on the 10th of May. Fernie and Davey carried on flying with Jarman, and they took on a new Navigator, P/O William Taylor, and a new Rear Gunner, F/O Francis Chunn.

The ‘second’ Jarman crew resumed Op’s on the 15th of May.

Jarman crew

The second Jarman crew (May-July 1942), probably in front of Wellington X3751, AA-P.
L-R: P/O Francis Chunn, Sgt. John Fernie, P/O Rick Jarman, P/O William Taylor, Sgt. Ron Davey.
NZ Bomber Command Assn, Stan Brooks collection, via Anna Rhodes-Sayer.

Fernie-2ndJarmanCrew-withGroundcrew[3]

The second Jarman crew (May-July 1942), with ground crew, probably in front of Wellington X3751, AA-P.
L-R (rear): Taylor, Fernie, Jarman, Davey, Chunn.
– NZ Bomber Command Assn, Stan Brooks collection, via Anna Rhodes-Sayer.

15/05/1942 – Gardening – Kiel Bay
Eight Wellington aircraft were detailed from this Unit to carry out the above operation. One aircraft, X3482, captained by F/S. Fraser, failed to return to base. Vegetables were sown successfully and bombs were dropped on shipping in the vicinity. Inaccurate flak from flak ships was encountered. The weather was fine throughout the whole operation. Navigation was D/R. Astro, TR, loop.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Andrew Donald MacKay RNZAF NZ411919 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:40 – Landed 06:10
Flight Time 06:30

19/05/1942 – Attacks Against Mannheim and St. Nazaire
Nine Wellington III aircraft were detailed to carry out the above attacks with a bomb load consisting of 4 lbs. incendiaries and 250lbs. bombs. The bomb load was dropped in the target area where fires and explosions were observed. A.A. fire was slight but ineffective, and searchlights were inaccurate. Weather conditions were good though there was a slight ground haze. Navigation was by TR, D/R, Loop, astro.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:05 – Landed 04:25
Flight Time 05:20

21/05/1942 – Gardening at La Pallice and Lorient
Seven aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out the above operations and carried a bomb load of 1500lbs, and 500lbs. bombs. Inclement weather conditions were encountered near the target area and the majority of the aircraft bought bombs back to base.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:50 – Landed 03:00
Flight Time 04:10

30/05/1942 – Bombing Attacks Against Cologne
Twenty-three Wellington aircraft, including IA, IC,III, were detailed to carry out the above attacks. One of these aircraft, Wellington IA T.2894, captained by P/O Johnson (attached to this Unit from C.G.S. Suton Bridge) failed to return to base. Another aircraft X.3751 captained by P/O Jarman, was badly damaged by flak, both fuel tanks being holed and both port and starboard airspeed indicators rendered unserviceable. The bomb load consisted of 4000lbs, 1000lbs, 500lbs and 30lbs. and 4lbs incendiaries. The weather conditions were excellent, and the target was bombed successfully many fires being started in all parts of the town. A.A. fire was very erratic and searchlights were working in cones. A large number of enemy aircraft were seen but no attacks resulted. Navigation was by D/R, TR, Q.D.M., Loop.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trevor Harry Smith RNZAF NZ41953 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:20 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 04:40

01/06/1942 – Attacks Against Targets at Essen
Twenty Well. a/c were detailed to carry out the above attack. Bomb loads of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 250, 30lb inc and 4lb inc was dropped in the target area but results were not observed owing to cloud over target. Large fires were, however, seen to be burning in the target area. A.A. fire was not particularly intense and searchlights were scattered. One ME.109 followed Well.IC DV884 for about 5 minutes but was eluded. Weather was fairly good until target was reached where there was low cloud and haze. Navigation was good by all aids.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trevor Harry Smith RNZAF NZ41953 2nd Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:30 – Landed 03:35
Flight Time 04:05

02/06/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Essen
Sixteen aircraft were detailed to attack the above target. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs and 4lb inc was dropped in the target area but no results were observed. A few small fires were seen near target. A.A. fire was fairly heavy and searchlights operating in cones were numerous. No enemy a/c were seen. Weather marred the operation, there being a heavy ground have. Navigation was excellent. Well, X3408, captained by P/O Carter, failed to return.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman, RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trevor Harry Smith RNZAF NZ41953 2nd Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:59 – Landed 04:14
Flight Time 04:15

05/06/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Essen
Thirteen aircraft were detailed to attack the above. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs and 4lb inc was dropped in the target area. No results were observed. A.A. fire was intense and searchlights active in cones. No enemy a/c were seen. Weather was clear except for ground haze. Nav was excellent.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:30 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 04:30

16/06/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Essen
Seven aircraft were detailed to attack the above. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 1000lbs, 500lbs and 4lb inc was taken. One a/c did not carry out its task and returned early. Owing to insufficient cloud cover Essen was not attacked by a/c but bombs were dropped on Bonn. There was heavy flak and searchlights were moderate. Weather was unfavourable. Navigation was good. No enemy a/c were seen.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:35 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 04:20

17/06/1942 – Mine-Laying off Frisian Islands
Eight a/c were detailed to carry out the above sortie. Mines were laid as ordered and all a/c returned safely. (Two a/c out of the above eight went to St. Nazaire on a sortie). There was very little flak and searchlights were few. There was haze and vis. was moderate. Navigation was good.

Wellington Mk.III Z.1592 AA-O

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:35 – Landed 03:00
Flight Time 03:25

19/06/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Emden
Eleven a/c were detailed to attack the above target. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 4lb inc was taken. Aircraft unable to identify Emden attacked Osnabruck. Results were not observed. Flak was not intense but searchlights were fairly active. One unidentified a/c followed Well.III X3539 for about 5 miles but made no attack. Weather was clear over Osnabruck. Nav was excellent.

Wellington Mk.III X.3539 AA-T

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
Sgt. Colin Valentine McPherson RNZAF NZ404912 2nd Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:24 – Landed 04:24
Flight Time 05:00

20/06/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Emden
Twelve a/c were detailed to attack the above target. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 250lbs and 4lb inc was dropped in the target area. Results were not observed. There was intense flak and searchlights were few. A JU88 attacked Well.III, X3539 without result. Weather was hazy with 5/10 cloud. Visibility very bad. Nav was good. Well.III, X3760 P/O Fraser failed to return.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
Sgt. Colin Valentine McPherson RNZAF NZ404912 2nd Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:40 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 04:10

22/06/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Emden
Thirteen a/c were detailed to attack the above. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs and 4lb inc was dropped in the target area. Results were not observed. Flak was moderate and searchlights were scarce. One JU88 and one ME109 sighted by one of our a/c but no attack made. Weather good 5/10 cloud at 15,000’, clear over target. Slight haze. Nav was excellent.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot
Sgt. Neville John Netscher Hockaday, RAFVR 1376051 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RNZAF 105162/ 122053 – Observer.
Sgt. J.A. Fernie, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:40 – Landed 04:20
Flight Time 04:40

25/06/1942 – Attack on Targets at Bremen
Twenty a/c were detailed to attack the above. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 1000lbs, 500lbs and 4lb inc was dropped in the target. Results not observed. There was a large amount of A.A. fire searchlights were ineffective. A JU88 followed Well.III X3664 but did not attack. Weather was moderate with 10/10 cloud. Nav was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
Sgt. John Edward Gilbertson RNZAF NZ41894 2nd Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. William Arthur Titcombe, RAFVR 1291758 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:19 – Landed 04:44
Flight Time 05:25

29/06/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Bremen
Sixteen a/c were detailed to carry out the above attack. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs, and 4lb inc was dropped in the target area. Results not observed. A.A. fire was heavy in target area. Searchlights were ineffective through cloud. A JU88 was attacked and claimed as shot down by Well.BJ837, captained by Sgt. Hockaday. Weather was cloudy. Nav was excellent. Well.III (P/O Monk) failed to return and Well.III Z1616 (Sgt. Bertram) crashed after take-off and caught fire. All crew killed.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
Sgt. John Edward Gilbertson RNZAF NZ41894 2nd Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:39 – Landed 04:54
Flight Time 05:15

07/07/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Frisian Islands (Gardening)
Nine a/c carried out the above sortie and carried 500lbs bombs and vegetables. A few machines returned with loads but some carried out their task. There was no A.A. fire, searchlights or enemy aircraft. Weather was cloudy with poor visibility. Navigation was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Reginald Sidney Lees, RNZAF NZ404907 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 00:15 – Landed 05:00
Flight Time 04:45

08/07/1942 – Attack Against Targets at Wilhemshaven
Thirteen a/c were detailed to attack the above target. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 1000lbs, and 4lb inc was dropped in the target area and hit were believed to be scored. There was heavy predicted flak and searchlights were scattered. No enemy a/c were seen. Weather was good clear over target. Navigation was excellent.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
Sgt. William Ronald Parkes RNZAF NZ403822 2nd Pilot. P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:40 – Landed 04:35
Flight Time 04:55

10/07/1942 – Daylight Sortie Against Dusseldorf
Four a/c set out to attack the above target. Bomb load of 500lbs was bought back as m/c returned owing to lack of cloud cover. Well.III, X3720(Sgt. Wilmhurst) failed to return. There was no A.A. fire or fighters. Weather was cloudy and navigation was good.

Wellington Mk.III X.3751 AA-P

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RNZAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Francis William John Chunn, RNZAF NZ40735 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 14:47 – Landed 17:37
Flight Time 02:50

13/07/1942 – Attack Against Duisburg
Nine a/c were detailed to attack the above target and bomb load of 4000lbs, 500lbs and 4lb inc. was dropped in target area. Results unobserved. A.A. fire was moderate and inaccurate. Searchlights were accurate but not numerous. One JU88 was sighted. No attack. Weather was good and navigation excellent.

Wellington Mk.III X.3636 AA-R
a/c cancelled prior to take off

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.

Sortie cancelled

Rick Jarman eventually flew 41 op’s to complete his tour with 75 (NZ) Squadron on 3 August, and after a stint instructing at 27 OTU, went on to a second tour with 460 Squadron. He was promoted to Squadron Leader, but sadly on their 9th Op, he and 5 of his crew were lost over Germany on 28 April 1944. The crew is immortalised in a famous painting, “Bomber Crew” (http://www.awm.gov.au/exhibitions/stella/detail-p5-i58.asp), which was still being worked on by the artist when they were shot down.

ART26265

Accompanying the image is a very interesting description about the circumstances of the painting and the artist,  Stella Bowen who was stationed at RAF Binbrook where the Squadron was based:

“Bomber crew is a group portrait of a Lancaster bomber crew representing the young Australians involved in the air war over Europe during the Second World War. In her capacity as an official war artist, Stella Bowen was stationed with the Royal Air Force at Binbrook, Lincolnshire, where No. 460 Squadron was based. This was the most highly decorated Australian squadron in Bomber Command, but had suffered the highest casualties. Bowen was commissioned to paint a typical crew that flew Lancaster bombers on the intense bombing raids over Germany and occupied Europe.

On 27 April 1944 she began a series of pencil sketches of a bomber crew comprising of six Australians and one Englishman. Preoccupied with their flight preparations, the men expressed no particular interest in Bowen’s attempt to draw them, but their bravery and youth captivated the artist. That night their operation took them over Friedrichshafen, a vital industrial centre on the shores of Lake Constance. By morning, Bowen’s subjects were reported missing. The artist had only made preliminary sketches of the crew, but she returned to her London studio to complete the painting, working from pencil sketches (also in the Memorial’s collection), and official photographs. She later wrote to her brother: “It was horrible having to finish the picture after the men were lost. Like painting ghosts.”

The crew is depicted in front of the menacing image of their Avro Lancaster bomber, looming above them like a bird. They are shown wearing their full flying gear including ‘Mae West’ life jackets, flying helmets and headphones. Their names appear on the helmets and are repeated on the wreath-like ribbon that scrolls across the canvas, complete with their RAAF wings floating like cherubs. Bomber Command, 460 Squadron RAAF; back row 1-r: Sergeant D G Champkin of the RAF, flight engineer; Pilot Officer Thomas Lynch, rear gunner; Flying Officer Hector Harrison, wireless operator; Flying Officer Ronald Neal, mid upper gunner; front row l-r: Flying Officer Marmion Carroll, navigator; Squadron Leader Eric Jarman, pilot; Flying Officer Francis Jackson, bomb aimer.

One of the men, Pilot Officer Thomas Lynch, who was presumed to have perished with the rest of the crew, was eventually discovered in a German prisoner-of-war camp. He reported that the bomber was shot down in the vicinity of Lahr, near the Swiss border. The crash saw him unconscious until 4 May, when he awoke as a patient in a German air force hospital in Baden-Baden. A German doctor told him the remaining crew had been killed. Lynch himself was badly injured and spent many weeks in various hospitals. Following amputation of his right leg and more time in hospital, he was posted to Stalag IXC to await repatriation.

Trevor Smith went on to skipper his own aircraft, but was lost with all his crew on the 9th of July, during a raid on Wilhelmshaven. Fernie and Chunn survived the war.

– Read more about the “Bomber Crew” painting  here : https://75nzsquadron.wordpress.com/2014/04/26/eric-jarman-pilot/.

– Read more about the events of the night of 22/23 April, within a post about Feltwell Cemetery here :  (about half way down the post)

Special thanks to James and Barbara Ogilvie and the Nicol family for sharing these photos and their own research. Thanks to Anna Rhodes-Sayer and the NZ Bomber Command Assn for permission to reproduce the main crew photo