E.V.Best crew 09.08.40

12/05/1940 – Bombing attacks on Target A.J.8. (Krefold-Verdingen)
The three Wellingtons Aircraft carried out individual attacks on A.J.8c(KREFELD-VERDINGEN) in accordance with instructions contained in Form “B” 133 of 12/5/40. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs, 50% fused N.D.T. and 50% fused 3,6,8 and 12 hour delay in equal proportions, that is over the three aircraft.

TCB.192 reported that target was located by light on KREFELD Aerodrome and glimpse of bend in river RHINE. A stick of 9 bombs dropped from 10,000ft. at 22.55hrs, but 3 bombs held up owing to trouble with electrical circuit. Not possible to see bursts of bombs, as evasive action was taken owing to intense searchlights activity. TCB.193 easily located target at 23.04 hrs. and at 23.10 hrs all 12 bombs were released in a stick from 11,000 feet. Results of bursts not observed, but fires started by previous attacks. Four bombs dropped in a stick from 10,000ft at 23.06 hrs by TCB.194 after locating target at 23.05hrs, these noticed to burst each side of existing fires. A further 4 bomb dropped on line of transport moving Southwest from target, seen to burst at head of column. Remaining bombs dropped column moving West along road running West from target, burst noticed between first and second vehicles. The forth bomb held up and had to be jettisoned over target area. Numerous fires noticed on both sides of RHINE and in HOLLAND Parachute flares seen in ANTWERP at 00.15hrs followed by what appeared to be four Red incendiary bombs dropped in centre of town in form of stick and followed few minutes later by stick of four presumed green incendiary bombs. A.A. fire quite active but not accurate over target and RUHR areas, inaccurate light flak also seen and searchlights very active over these two areas. Only one enemy aircraft seen near ANTWERP, but identity could not be established. Weather good and clear, considerable light given by moon. Navigation by D.R. and Map reading on outward flights and D.R. and D/F fixes on return.

All aircraft had landed safely at Base by 02.00hrs.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Walter Stanley Kitson, RAFVR 580055 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 01:55
Flight Time 04:45

17/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets, A.64, A.75, A.79, M.435, M.464, M.458, AC.6 and AC.7
Attacks were made independently each aircraft 12 – 250lbs. bombs the fusing for each aircraft’s bomb load being 3 N.D.T., 6 D.A. and 31/2hr delay.
Target AC.6 bombed with 2 sticks of 3 bombs and direct hits seen to strike centre of base of bridge. On target AC.7 stick of 6 dropped across road and rail bridges on river MAAS. TCB.214 reported that target A.75 successfully attacked and also convoy at VALHENSWAARD, 6 direct hits being observed. TCB.215 bombed Blast Furnaces of target in RUHR, but results not known, due to intense searchlight activity, afterwards attacked a mechanized unit from 1,500 feet and direct hits observed. Both TCB.216 and 217 failed to locate targets and returned to Base with bomb load. Bombs dropped on target A.64 by TCB.218 only after difficulty due to low cloud.
Black-out over whole area good, but all targets hard to locate due to slight ground haze.
Illuminated drome 8 miles West of WESEL, thought to be a dummy. A.A. fire active and light flak intense and accurate, All aircraft held in searchlights beams in all areas, harder to escape than usual, no enemy aircraft observed.
Aircraft landed at other dromes due to fog at Base.
Navigation by D/R and Map Reading on outward flights and by D/R and D/F fixes and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 03:20
Flight Time 06:10

19/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried out individual attacks and carried 6. 250 lbs. G.P. and 6 containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs each.
On run up to target KCB.235 received heavy burst of machine-gun fire, result that 2nd Pilot struck by bullet in right shoulder and main bonded cable for bomb release equipment shot away. KCB.238? attacked road targets at HAYBES, starting many fires. Afterwards convoy of 10 trucks attacked in nearby road, hits observed. One incendiary container and one 250lbs. bomb failed to release. Targets FUMAY and TUBIZE successfully attacked by KCB.237, hits being observed on both. Rail junction 3 miles South of MEZIERES bombed with three 250lbs. bombs two direct hits observed, a further three bombs dropped on railway north of DEVILLE bursting at side of the line. Incendiary bombs then dropped on wood one mile East of MONTHERNE and fires started.
KCB.239 attacked large mechanised column at FUMAY with 3 250lbs. bombs and rear gunner sprayed with machine-gun fire, hits observed. Target “B” at FUMAY attacked with 6 containers of incendiaries, and road and rail bridge at NIVELLES bombed. KCB.240 bombed woods 5 miles West of VOUZIERS and convoy of transport waggons, many seen to catch fire. KCB.241 reports dropping incendiaries in woods ½ mile South of HAYBES and attacked bridge, hits observed on road alongside.
Many fires seen, visibility excellent. A.A. fire extremely heavy and accurate in target area and fur machines sustained hits, one having a 3” shell pass right through the PORT aileron, without exploding and searchlights active and accurate.
A few enemy aircraft seen on flight. Navigation by D.R. and Map Reading on way out and D.R. and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Target: Givet

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 05:30

23/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
Six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks, but just prior to taking off one machine (KCB.274 F/O Williams) developed engine trouble and did not go.

12 – 250 lbs. G.P. bombs were carried by each aircraft. KCB.272 attacked target in two shallow dives dropping a stick of 6 bombs on each run. Results not definitely known due to searchlights, but bursts seen near bridge, which was object of attack. KCB.275 reports that on his E.T.A over target came down through clouds and found himself to be in ring of 12 searchlights with a small amount of light flak coming up. . Two sticks of 3 bombs each dropped on centre of flash and three sticks of two bombs each dropped on different groups, which went out and stayed out.

A stick of 12 bombs were dropped along direction of BRUSSELS – GEMBLOUX railway line by KCB. 279, results not known again due to searchlights. Results not observed by KCB,280 who attacked target on cross roads by diving and releasing a stick of 12 bombs.

KCB.281 did not locate target, but located a convoy of approximately 50 vehicles in road between WAVRE and GEMBLOUX on which he dropped a stick of six bombs. Second stick of six dropped on row of searchlights bordering NAMUR. Two direct hits estimated.

On the whole observations of ground activity were very obscured due to large amount of cloud extending over whole of target area. Black-out over whole area exceptionally good. All aircraft experienced both light and heavy flak, especially accurate light flak from NAMUR.

Searchlights very active and accurate, seen to be operating in groups of up to 12 in most areas. No enemy aircraft observed. The weather was not good, very heavy cumulus clouds extending from 5,000 to 14,000 feet with ice accretion being experienced over 8,000ft. Clouds too thick to gain advantage from moon. Navigation by D/R. on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 01:45
Flight Time 04:00

25/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Target AR.10) and Reconnaissance of Area Between Courtrai and Brussels
Six aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on target AR.10 and two to carry out Reconnaissance between COUTRAI and BRUSSELS, which was to last for 1hr. 40mins. One of the six (NCB.292) returned to base with engine trouble, developed whilst crossing English coast on outward journey. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.
No troop movements seen by NCB.286 over reconnaissance area, but a railway junction was successfully bombed at ENGHIEN, eight direct hits being seen. NCB.289 carried on reconnaissance after NCB.286, but also unable to observe enemy movements, so bombs were dropped on main road at OPPASHELT and rail junction at NINOVE, with direct hits.
NCB.293 reports that he bombed the wood around the target area, and bursts were seen but no results observed. Small lights in wood machine-gunned for 3 minutes, Owing to adverse weather conditions NCB.294 unable to locate target, but road junction with convoy of vehicles crossing was attacked with a stick of 12 bombs being dropped.
NCB.295 also unable to locate target, so decided to attack COUTRAI – AUDENARDE road dropping 6 bombs, and one hit observed. Remaining 6 bombs dropped on AUDENARDE 0 GHENT road just North of EYNE, two direct hits observed. Many large fires started by NCB.296 who located target by aid of parachute flares. At 00.59 hrs. target was located by NCB.297 who precision bombed same from 8,500ft, bombs observed to burst, and many fires started.
On the whole black-out was good, but many large fires seen around OSTEND, DUNKIRK, and CALAIS. One miles North of EECLOO a flare path observed, but thought to be a dummy. Majority of aircraft experienced light and heavy flak in vicinity of targets. Searchlights being very active at all main target areas, and operating in large groups. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather not good, heavy rain squalls experienced. Navigation by D/R and Map, and D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:10 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 03:40

31/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target G.1 Nieuport
Nine aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target, but one failed to locate same and returned to BASE with bombs.
Seven aircraft carried 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs while remaining two carried 14 – 250 lbs G.P. bombs each. PCB.320 reports that he dropped bombs in three sticks of 4,5,6 bombs each, first caused violent explosions and large fires in target area. Second and third seen to burst near first, no accurate observation made. PCB.321 reports that lights observed on road S.E. of NIEUPORT and stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs dropped. Large fire started, numerous red and white flashes commenced after burst. All lights went out.
PCB.324 failed to locate target at NIEUPORT but attacked dock area at OSTEND with stick of 14 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs. Many direct hits registered on docks.
PCB326 first dropped single bomb from 4,500 ft. and direct hit on town observed, two sticks three bombs then next dropped at different times one burst starting a large fire.
PCB.327 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.
PCB.329 attacked target by level bombing from 3,000ft. Three burts observed in town, and one bomb on second run a direct hit on road which joins OSTEND – NIEUPORT.
PCB.330 dropped stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs and hits observed on main road junction on East side of town.
PCB.332 reports that owing to smoke over target area, impossible to see results of dropping 7 – 500lbs. G.P’s in stick from 3,500ft.
Due to bad visibility over the target area, PCB.335 bombed enemy activity searchlights and A.A. Battery two miles South of POPERINGHE.
Night was poor for observations due to low cloud and smoke pall, but many lights seen along beach, artillery in region of GRAVELINES and many large fires round DUNKIRK.
Very little A.A. Fire experienced, searchlights around OSTEND, and one in target area active. Some put out of action by machine-gun fire. No enemy aircraft seen Weather not the best, 10/10 cloud being predominant and heavy rain showers experienced.
Navigation by D/R and Map reading on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
AC Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:50 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 02:40

03/06/1940 – Bombing Attack on Target A.28 DUSSELDORF
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, and all carried same bomb load 1.e. 8 – 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T.., 1 – 250lbs. 8hr delay, and one case of incendiaries each.
PCB.339 attacked the target in a level bombing run from 11,000 feet bombs were dropped in a stick of 9 and a number of direct hits were observed and a small fire was started. PCB.341 located the target and precision bombed it with two sticks, height 9,000 feet. The only results observed were those of the incendiaries which burst about 200 yards West of Target.
PCB.346 reports that the target was located without difficulty. All bombs were dropped in one stick from a height of 9,000 feet. Owing to glare of searchlights, bursts were not observed, although it was thought that the target was most likely hit.
PCB.347 reports he carried out his attack from 12,000 feet. A stick of 5 – 250lbs. Bombs being dropped on the target and a further 5 dropped on a wharf at UDESHEIM which could be seen quite clearly by the aid of a parachute flare.
PCB.348 had the misfortune to develop engine trouble when only 5 miles from the target. Searchlights were bombed in the vicinity of KREFOLD two bombs and one container of incendiaries dropped on what appeared to be a factory in VENLOO, hits observed and a fire started.
PCB.353 All bombs were dropped in a stick and were seen to straddle the target, which they found already burning. The incendiaries themselves fell right beside the fire at the target and greatly intensified same.
PCB.354 reports dropping a stick of 9 – -250lbs. G.P. and one container of incendiaries across the target. Near misses were observed and fires were started in the proximity of the target. A dull red fire emitting clouds of black smoke was also seen near the Eastern boundary. Owing to the industrial haze accurate observations could not be made.
PCB.355 reports that the target was located from 10,000 feet at which height he carried out a level bombing attack. On the first run over, and attempt to drop the bombs in a stick failed, so a second run was made and bombs released in a salvo.
Direct hits were observed an explosion occurred followed by a large file, which could still be seen burning a long time after the aircraft had set course for Base.
All aircraft crews report very heavy A.A. Fire in the region of ROTTERDAM airport. There appeared to be many misleading lights in the target area. Presumably the idea being that these would be bombed instead of the real objective. Outside of these odd lights the black-out over the whole of the area was extremely good. Some curious flares were observed off the Danish coast in position 51° 40’ N, 02° 36’ E. These appeared to be stationed on the water.
Very little flak was experienced by any of the aircraft in the target area and such as was, was not very accurate. For miles around the target area searchlights were in great numbers and were very active. Due to ground haze, they appeared to have difficulty in locating the aircraft, but pilots report that if they were held for any short period, no trouble was experienced in getting out of same again. PCB339 and PCB.353 report that thy each had a single engine aircraft fly near them while approaching the target area.
The night was good, there being practically no cloud during any part of the route, a slight ground haze made the target fairly hard to locate Fog was encountered on returning to Base, and some aircraft had to be directed to other aerodromes.
Navigation was by D/R and Map reading on the outward journey and by D’R and homing bearings on the return trip.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. PCB.346 A.28

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:55 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 05:00

05/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Cross-Roads and Marshalling Yards at CAMBRAI
The seven aircraft were detailed to carry out individual attacks on above target.
Two aircraft carried 6 – 500lbs. bombs each (GP) while remaining five carried 12 – 250lbs. bombs each (GP).
PCB.367 reports that the target was located from the lights of flares dropped. The target was precision bombed from 9,000ft, one 500lbs. G.P. bomb was dropped on South East road junction. A stick of 3 – 500lbs. bombs was then dropped on the road running North East out of town, results not observed due to the local ground haze.
PCB.368 also located that target with aid of parachute flares and carried out a shallow dive attack from 10,000 to 7,500ft, from which height bombs released. Two runs made, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs dropped on each run. Sticks seen on main crossroads after each run.
PCB.369 failed to locate given target, so carried out attack on enemy searchlights. Convoy bombed in vicinity of target. Bursts seen, but results unobserved owing to widespread haze.
PCB.370 made run across target from 9,000ft and dropped 6 – -500lbs. bombs in a slow stick. Hits again not seen due to local haze on ground.
PCB.371 attacked railway line and junction at CAMBRAI, dropping all bombs in slow stick, and estimated to have straddled target. Haze again interfered with observations etc..
PCB.372 reports that owing to an error in identifying target DOUAI bombed instead of CAMRAI.
Six 250lbs. bombs dropped in level attack at 6,000ft. One bomb observed along side of railway yard. Next a factory on South side of town attacked and remainder of bombs dropped in two runs. Four bursts observed some 200 feet short of target.
PCB.373 attacked WSW and SSW approaches to town dropped 12 – 250lbs in two sticks. Haze and glare of searchlights prevented results being observed.
Aerodrome on West side of DOUAI reported blazing fiercely after heavy bombing. Only little inaccurate light flak reported over target area, but heavy over DOUAI. Searchlights numerous at all town centres. With abiut 30 around target itself. A clear sky encountered over whole journey, but heavy ground haze made observation difficult.
Navigation by D\R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. PCB.367 Cambrai

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 04:40

07/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on CHIMAY, ST. VALERY, ABBEVILLE, PONT REMY
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks and allotted targets. Seven aircraft carried 8- 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T. and two 500;bs. G.P. bombs, but PCB.376 carried 5- 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T. and six containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.
PCB.376 reports that target located after dropping large delay parachute flare. Two 250lbs. first dropped on road junction, and then containers of incendiaries. Numerous explosions observed and fires started. Remaining 2 – 250lbs. bombs dropped on road junction one mile South of BAILLEUX. Hits observed. Woods and searchlights then machine-gunned from 1,500ft.
PCB.387 allotted target ST.VALERY, which he located and dive bombed with stick of 6 – 250lbs G.P. bombs. Fell across road, rail and canal, and hits observed. A second stick dropped by dive bombing, and one 500lbs. bomb seen to be direct hit on road bridge across SOMME. All bombs released from 1,200ft after diving 3,800ft.
PCB.388 allotted same target as PCB.387 and reports that he dropped all bombs in stick from 9,00 feet. Bridge seen quite clearly and bursts seen in cluster on bridge head junction.
PCB.389 on same target, bombed it with 2 – 250lbs, and 2 – 500lbs. bombs, carried out in a dive from 5,000 – 3,000ft. Aerodrome at ABBEVILLE and cross-roads on ABBEVILLE – HOSDIN road then attacked with 3 – 250lbs. bombs on each objective. Bursts seen, but results no observed.
PCB.390 also on target ST.VALERY, but one hour late in take off due to an enemy air raid alarm, with a result that on reaching target area, found to be covered with low fog and after flying around for a time task given up and bombs brought back to base.
PCB.391 reports that 2 – 250lbs. and 2 – 500lbs. dropped on PONT ST.REMY, results unobserved. 6 – 250lbs bombs then dropped on mechanised convoy on ABBEVILLE – AUXI LE CHATEAU road. Hits were registered.
PCB.392 unable to locate bridge at PONT REMY owing to heavy smoke haze. ABBEVILLE bombed with 6 – 250lbs. bombs in three runs at 6,000ft. ABBEVILLE aerodrome then attacked with remaining bombs. Bursts observed on SW side of landing ground.
PCB.393 reports that due to very bad ground haze unable to pin-point object of attack. So very persistent searchlight and single A.A. gun attacked. Next stick of 5- 250lbs. and 2 – 500lbs, bombs dropped on Eastern extremity of PONT REMY. Bursts seen, results unobserved.
Due to low lying fog and smoke haze over most of target area, little activity seen on ground. Very little A.A. fire experienced by any of aircraft concerned, although PCB.387 whose aircraft was machine gunned from bridge head at ST.VALERY found one bullet hole in Starboard wing, causing extensive damage to main spar.
Very little activity by searchlights.
A clear cloudless sky encountered over whole of journey, but heavy ground haze made location of target difficult, and fog at Base on return necessitated two aircraft PCB.389 and PCB.391 to be directed to other aerodromes.
Navigation by D/R and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. PCB.376 CHIMAY

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:55 – Landed 02:40
Flight Time 04:45

09/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried 4 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and 6 containers of incendiaries.
FCB.395 on target ROCROI and G.5, reports that he dropped 4 containers of incendiaries in target areas and forest fires started. Four 250lbs. G.P. bombs dropped on ROCROI and seen to burst through town, but results unobserved.
FCB.394 on target ROCROI and REVIN, located river MEUSE on E.T.A. by parachute flare and position finally fixed at REVIN. Two 250lbs. bombs dropped from 5,000ft on road 1 mile South of REVIN. Fires started in woods by incendiaries, and had good hold before aircraft left area. A near miss on ROCROI fell on road NW of town. Vehicle machine gunned 2 miles West of THOROUT and lights extinguished.
FCB.397 allotted target CHAREVILLE & G6, started four large fires in area of G6, and dropped stick of 4 – 250lbs. bombs on CHARLEVILLE starting two large fires of a dull red and circular nature.
FCB.402 bombed target G9 with incendiaries, and large fire started in woods between MONTHERME and BRAUX. A stick of four 250lbs. bombs dropped on MEZIERES, owing to intense searchlight glare results not observed.
FCB.411 on target ROCROI and REVIN reports that woods precision bombed with 6 containers of incendiaries and 2 500lbs bombs, starting small fires and causing small explosions, a large blue flash followed immediately by a yellow flash observed. Two 250lbs. bombs dropped over ROCROI from 9,000 feet, again searchlight activity prevented observations.
Heavily defended part of CHARLEVILLE bombed by FCB.396, searchlights extinguished, and load of incendiaries dropped on target G6 close to river. Numerous fires started and explosions caused.
Other aircraft on target G9, FCB.403 reports attacking target by dive bombing dropping incendiaries on woods, starting fires. Town of MEZIERES bombed with 250lbs, bombs but one held up and brought back. Little activity between DUNKIRK and CHARLEVILLE target area heavily defended, numerous white moving lights seen in woods North of G.6 Intense and accurate A.A. fire experienced in target area and FCB.402’s aircraft hit in Port wing by shrapnel splinters. Searchlights intensively accurate all over target area. FCB.402 heavily machine-gunned same, without visual effect. One HE110 seen by FCB.395single engine machine fired at FCB.411, but sheared off after retaliation by rear gunner. Weather cloudless and clear in target area. Navigation by D/R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. FCB.394 ROCROI & REVIN

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Alfred Basil Charles, RAF 76005 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 04:45

11/06/1940 – Special Duty to ‘PAMELA’
59 aircraft, including six 75 Squadron Wellingtons, bombed various targets in Germany and France. All of the 18 Wellingtons carried out incendiary raids on Black Forest targets in an attempt to cause widespread forest fires. This was one of the British pre-war ‘Western Air Plans’. There is no evidence that the forest attacks or other fire-raising attacks on the German harvest (which continued over several weeks) brought any success. They were considered a waste of effort when things were going badly for Britain,
Six aircraft and crews proceeded on Special Duty to “Pamela”.
Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best*, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter*, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert*, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator. P/O Alfred Basil Charles/ Sgt. James Covenry Heppenstall*, RAF 76005/ NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

*Owing to the lack of crew details recorded for this Op, the crew is proposed, based on preceding and following records.

Take Off m – Landed m
Flight Time –

19/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.39 and L.82.
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks. Five aircraft carried 5 – 500lbs. S.A.P. bombs, two 5 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs, and the remaining one carried 9 – 250lbs. bombs and one case of incendiaries.

LCB.462 reports that his bombs dropped in shallow dive attack at 5,000feet. Results unobserved.

LCB.463 dropped stick of 5 – 500lbs S.A.P. bombs from N to S over target. Hits believed to have been attained. Target first attacked by dive bombing to 2,000 feet, but had to be broken off due t intense light flak, so level attack carried out then at 7,000 feet.

LCB.464 kept in formation with LCB.462 until target located, as instructed. Attack carried out in shallow dive from 8,000 to 5,000 feet, at which height bombs released. Bursts observed on Western bank along-side lock gates. Damage inflicted, not noted.

LCB.465 reports that bombing results were not observed.

LCB.466 reports weather conditions assisted in location of target, moon illuminated target. A good run and sight made and close stick dropped, but bursts not observed, as they were S.A.P. bombs.
At base of dive from 10,400 to 7,500 feet LCB.467 released stick of bombs, although target clearly visible, nil results observed.

After failing to locate target owing to ground haze, LCB.474 attacked rail and road bridge at DUSSELDORF. Stick of five overshot target area. Appeared to fall in what might have been docks on Rhine.

LCB.475 attacked from SE to NW along parallel railway and road from COLOGNE in shallow dive releasing bombs in stick, with incendiaries following. Six bursts observed between road and railway. Every possibility of hit indicated, grey smoke seen last coming from position of bomb bursts. Incendiaries caused initial fires, but doubtful whether would last.
Balloons noticed flying over all main towns on route to and from target and over AMSTERDAM, height 6,000 to 8,000 feet.

Heavy flak noticed over OSNABRUCK and numerous searchlights, also over AMSTERDAM.

LCB.462 reports that one ME.109 seen off Dutch Coast at 8,000 feet, did not attack.

Weather good over whole part of route and moon to pilots advantage.
Navigation by D/R and visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. LCB.462 M.39

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 05:55

24/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets F.19 & A.108
One of eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, five carried 7 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each, remaining aircraft on target A.108 carried 10 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each.

LCB.483 reports that no results observed due to heavy haze over target area.
LCB.484 reports that bombs dropped in stick at base of a dive, interval between bombs of .5 second, but results of 350lbs bombs not observed.
LCB.485 unable to locate exact position of F.19 so bombs dropped from E to W on South side of KASSEL. One 250lbs bomb observed to burst, and fires started by incendiaries, large explosion followed by a gush of white flame from centre of the fires.
LCB.489 located target by following autobahn and river from MUNDEN. Bombs dropped in stick in shallow dive from SW to NE, bursts observed. Have prevented further observations.
LCB,490 attacked secondary target (M434) at HAMM (Railway Marshalling Yards). Weather conditions made task difficult. Whole bomb loads dropped from 12,000 ft. Railway lines seen clearly in Marshalling yards and bursts seen in vicinity, large fires observed to follow.
Target F.19 not attacked by KCB.491 town and Eastern approaches not distinguishable. Flak Battery at KASSEL bombed, ceased firing, aerodrome buildings at LIPPSTADT, and flak Battery on outskirts of MUNSTER, where incendiaries caused fires. Battery did not resume fire.
LCB.501 reports DORTMUND located and although actual factory not seen, vicinity located and bombed. All bombs being dropped in one stick and all bursts observed, but results could not be ascertained. High level attack at 9,500 feet.

In target area a flare dropped by LCB.502 which illuminated target, but extinguished before bombing run completed. No other flares dropped due to thick haze. Blast furnaces in vicinity of A.108 then attacked at 00.35 hours from 9,000 feet. Bomb bursts seen, but no material damage observed. A few small fires started, but did not last more than 2 minutes.

Two balloons observed flying over KASSEL area, and flare path extinguished ay KASSEL aerodrome on approach of first aircraft. Both light and heavy flak experienced over targets. Searchlights numerous and active, and around all main towns. Weather fair throughout, heavy haze over target made identification difficult. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. LCB.489 F.19

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:35
Flight Time 05:45

26/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.431, H.49, and M.122
Each of Eight aircraft who took part from this Unit carried 8 – 250lbs. N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 6hr. delay bomb, and 1 – 250lbs 12 hr. delay, and one case of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.

DCB.513 reports that results not observed owing to heavy haze over target area.

DCB.514 dropped bombs in stick and three large fires started, and several smaller ones West of target, one very large white explosion observed.
OSNABRUCK located by DCB.515 and level attack from East to West carried out, on Marshalling yards.
Bombs observed to burst on marshalling yard and incendiaries started numerous fires on buildings. Fires were punctuated with many explosions followed by gushes of white flame, still burning when target left.

DCB.516 reports bombs dropped on railway bridges one mile east of VOLLINGHOUSEN. All bombs seen to burst and flaming debris appeared to come to great height. Damage felt to be severe. Bombing height 3,000ft.

DCB.517 reports that bomb load dropped in one salvo, which it is estimated hit target in SE corner. Numerous small fires started, which caused small explosions sometime after target had been left.
Bombs dropped in one stick in level attack by DCB.518 and bursts observed on aerodrome and three in buildings. Large explosion followed burst of one bomb, and for large fires were started.

DCB.519 reports that primary target (M122) Marshalling yards at SCHWERTE located and believed bombed successfully from 12,000ft. Close stick dropped on SW course and eight bursts observed by rear gunner in vicinity of target, and also fires.
Original target at SCWERTE not located by DCB.520 due to thunderstorms, but SCHIPOL attacked by dive bombing from 9,000ft to 2,500ft. A stick of 10 bombs and incendiaries dropped right across aerodrome WSW – ENE about 250 yards from hangars. First three bursts seen, but searchlights prevented anything being seen.
A number of dummy flare paths observed, exact positions not definitely pin-pointed. Balloons seen over HAMM, and A.A. fire fairly intense over OSNABRUCK, very heavy over WAALHAVEN and SCHIPOL. Searchlights very intense over all target areas. Weather not good, thunderstorms prevalent making observations difficult in most areas. Icing experienced above 8,000ft in clouds. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. DCB.518 M.122

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 03:05
Flight Time 04:50

30/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Forest South of FRANKFURT
Six aircraft from this unit started out to attack above target individually, with object of setting fire to same, but unfortunately one aircraft had to return to base due to burst oil pipe in rear turrets. (CB.543).
Five of aircraft carried sic containers of 25lbs incendiaries, while sixth machine loaded with six 250lbs special type incendiaries.
CB.541 reports five large fires seen to be burning when left the target area, one in village of WALLDORF, which he claims was bombed inadvertently.
CB.542 reports a line of fires two miles long laid on course 230 degrees Mag. From FRANKFURT. Attack carried out from 11,000ft. Target area left at 00.25hrs, and for distance of 15 miles 14 fires still seen to be burning until cloud obscured them. Thought that fires would not spread to any degree.
In case of CB.543 when over North Sea at 22.40hrs Rotating Service Joint on rear turret blew out, flooding turret with oil and placing turret U/S. Was decided to return to base, rather than carry on.
Bombs dropped from 9,000ft by CB.544 at nine second intervals, to give half mile interval. Bombs not observed to burst, but four small isolated fires observed at approx. 5 minutes after bombs dropped.
CB.545 reports that area given to bomb located after some difficulty bombs were dropped as per instructions. Fires seen to start, but greatly diminished before leaving, but did not completely go out.
An exact pin-point could not be obtained, but position determined as just South West of FRANKFURT. Every ½ miles bombed in circle, but fires did not persist.
Balloons seen to be flying at COLOGNE and over FRANKFURT, and a little inaccurate light flak over latter experienced. Many hundreds of searchlights over the RUHR and a few at FRANKFURT, while none over target itself.
Weather good throughout trip, over target area ground haze made observations difficult. Ground fog experienced on return to base and three aircraft landed safely at WYTON where they were directed.
Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. CB.544 Forest South of FRANKFURT
S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Jack Gibbs, RAFVR 625697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 04:10
Flight Time 06:25

18/07/1942 – Bombing Attacks on Target K.56
The six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks from this unit carried a very mixed bomb load, total number as follows:-
54 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and various delay and also 6 cases of incendiaries.
CB.621 reports (ROTENBURG aerodrome) located and believed bombed successfully. Difficulty experienced in locating target, but finally a close stick dropped on hangars and aerodrome, four bursts seen. After run, about six fires observed burning in vicinity.
Bombs dropped in level sticks by CB.622 from 9,000ft. Rear Gunner reports two bombs of first stick hit hangars. Second and third sticks dropped and bombs seen to burst, but results not observed. Small fire started on target. Difficulty experienced with S.B.C. on compartment could not be released.
CB.623 reports, we were unable to definitely locate K.56 even after a two hour search in the direct locality. The DORTMUND canal was attacked but not hit.
CB.624 reports, due to an error in pin-pointing the target K.56 was not attacked, but the aerodrome of BOMLITZ was bombed with 6 – 250lbs delay bombs, results not known. Next attack on two stationary trains in marshalling yards at SOLTAU, heavy explosions followed bombing, and a large fire started which could still be seen at a distance of 39 miles, height only 3,000ft. Both attacks carried out instep dive, bombs being released from 3,000ft.
The primary target K.56 could not n=be accurately determined by CB.625, with result that aerodrome at UTERSEN was attacked. No results could be seen with any degree of accuracy.
CB.626 reports, a large building at road and rail junction observed to be hit by a 1 – 250lbs. bomb and incendiaries caused 3 large yellow fires on buildings.
Balloons were observed flying at heights up to 12,000ft at BREMEN, 14,000ft at HAMBURG, and up to12,000ft at OLDENBURG.
A.A. fire intense and accurate, heavy, encountered at 10,000ft to 14,000ft over OLDENBURG, BREMEN and HAMBURG. Searchlights very active over whole of the area.
CB.624 reports three M.E.110’s carried out a dive, but sheered off without firing due to enemy ground action. 10/10 cloud up to 12,000ft was met on way to target, but in target area itself, the weather was perfect. Navigation by D/R, visual and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. CB.622 K.56

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Jack Gibbs, RAFVR 625697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 06:30

25/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets, F.18, M.434, and KASSEL
Nine Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out the above operations. The Squadron suffered its third loss since began operations when CB.661 (F/O Coleman) failed to return. CB.668 returned to base after being out for 2 1\2hrs, due to electrical trouble.
Total bomb load carried was:- 40 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused 6hr delay 3 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – containers of 4lbs incendiaries.
CB.654 reports, original target A.19 GOTHER not attacked due to low visibility, so aerodrome at KASSEL attacked. Bombs dropped from 12,000ft in level attack. Hits unobserved due to concentrated flak and searchlights.
One 250lbs bomb dropped on flare path of aerodrome at LIPPSTADT by CB.655. Fell just outside aerodrome. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Stick of 4 – 250lbs, G.P.’s and 1 – S.B.C. dropped from 7,000ft on target F.19 from S.E. to N.W. Two fell short, one burst on boundary road to S.E., one and incendiaries hit buildings in area. Large fires started, burning red, green and orange. Explosions in fires lit up aircraft at 7,000ft. above target. Five bundles Nickels dropped between KASSEL and GOTHA.
CB.656 reports, unable to locate F.18, owing to 6/10 low cloud at 2,000ft. Attacked target F.19 in dive bombing attack from 10-8,000 feet, releasing stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T. and one container of incendiaries. Results unobserved due to light and heavy flak and searchlights, violent evasive action taken.
Results not observed by CB.659 owing to ground haze and intense searchlight and heavy flak activity.
A dive attack made by CB.660 from 11,000ft – 8,000ft the bombs being dropped in stick at base of dive. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity
CB.666 unable to locate target due to ground haze, stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs burst on flare path at DUISBURG. Fires started, flare path at EINDHOVEN also bombed with 6 – 250lbs bombs and incendiaries. Run up excellent. Results not observed due to cloud. Time 00.30 hours.
CB.667 reports, bombs had to be released in order to evade A.A. fire. No results observed.
Owing to electrical failure CB.668 returned to base after 1hrs flying. No bombs dropped.
Balloons flying at all main towns, marked increase in number of flare paths to target, thought to be dummies.
A.A. fire heavy over SCHIPOL, ROTTERDAM, KASSEL, GOTHA and intense in the RUHR. Searchlights active over whole area. Three enemy fighters seen by CB.659 over PADERBORN, no attack made. 5/10 cloud experienced most of way and local haze persistent over RUHR etc. Cold frost met on reaching English coast on return, and heavy and low cloud.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9206 AA-A
Raid No. CB.655 F.19 KASSEL

S/L Cyril Eyton ‘Cyrus’ Kay, RAF/ RNZAF 22223/ NZ1011 – Pilot.
P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Jim Whitlaw Carter, RAFVR 527740 – Observer.
Sgt. Eric Norman Albert, RAFVR 623339 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Jack Gibbs, RAF 625697 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 06:50

09/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.84.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took off to attack targets L.84 and Z.53. Eight were detailed to attack L.84 and one Z.53. Latter target not attacked by CB.744 who was detailed, as area searched for 1 ½ hours, but ground obscured by 10/10 cloud at 2,000feet, therefore bombs brought back to Base. Other than this, operations on a whole were successful, although primary target not attacked in each case, but other military objectives. Original target not located by CB.728, but aerodrome at GLIZE attacked, releasing bombs in one stick from 5,000ft, bursts observed, but damage could not be estimated.
After dropping second flare CB.729 located target, and after this had died out dropped bombs in one stick from 9,000feet. Bright green flashes seen among bomb bursts, and several big explosions, and fires.
CB.730 reports, bombs dropped on target and fires started at 23.08 hours.
On way in to target L.84, CB.731 discovered EINDHOVEN aerodrome with boundary lights in, decided to bomb it, stick dropped on same and three bursts observed, large fires started by incendiaries, and all lights extinguished on aerodrome.
Bombs were dropped at 22.55 hours from 14,000ft by CB.732, bursts appeared to be South of target. Three separate level attacks were carried out by CB.733 from West to East, from 11,000ft. Five bursts observed on East side on first attack, on second run eight fierce fires started on West side, numerous small explosions, and one violent explosion with vivid white flash. Last attack, good steady run dropping two 18hr delay bombs. Nickels dropped over target prior to bombing.
Target located and precision bombed by CB.734, height 12,000ft. Three bombs observed to burst, unable to see results. After 1 ½ hours search, 3 bombs dropped on target L.84 by CB.735 and two bombs on flak battery at KOLN. Number of flares noticed over North Sea, some appeared to be in water, other of slow descending type.
A.A. fire exceptionally heavy over target area and all main towns, heavy flak improving in accuracy for height and direction. Searchlights very active over whole area. No enemy aircraft observed.
Weather rather hazy in RUHR area, making observations very difficult, low 10/10 cloud was met on returning to base. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.744 Z.53 (target not located)

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 05:10

13/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G.82, L.82, and D.7.
Of the nine aircraft detailed from this unit, eight were on bombing raids, while ninth, CB746 was to carry out Photographic reconnaissance of STETTIN DOCKS in Baltic. Weather again hindered operations, due to 10/10 cloud over practically whole of N.W. Germany.
CB750 reports, target area of G.82 obscured by 10/10 cloud from 600ft. Search made, but no suitable target found in vicinity, so course set for base and bombs bought back.
Target not located by CB.751 owing to cloud. 3 250lbs. bombs and 1 – S.B.C. dropped at DORSEL on road and rail junction showing evenly spaced shaded lights. Incendiaries caused fires. Unable to ascertain damage owing to cloud.
Target located and believed bombed successfully by CB.752. Ground haze made it difficult to identify target accurately. Four bursts observed in target area.
CB.753 reports, both primary target and alternative target at FRANKFURT were covered with thick layer of cloud at 7,000ft. Bombs were brought back as no suitable target discovered, either in Germany or HOLLAND. Nickels dropped over FRANKFURT.
Stick of three bombs dropped on flare paths of aerodrome at VUGHT by CB.759. Bursts observed short of runway, at 22.20hrs. Target not located due to 10/10 cloud. Marshalling yards at ROERMOND bombed and fires started at 23.35 hours.
CB.760 reports, bursts appeared to straddle target, but observation difficult owing to haze.
Owing to low cloud and haze, target not located by CB.761 bombs were brought back.
CB.762 reports, bombs dropped at 23.30 hours. Explosions not seen owing to searchlights. Large fire seen in target area some minutes after course had been set for home.
CB.746, who was detailed to carry Photographic Reconnaissance, reports, photographs spoilt by either A.A. shell bursts or a searchlight.
No important observations or reconnaissance made. A.A. fire exceptionally heavy and accurate around target L.82. Little heavy flak received at G.82, but this all fired through 10/10 cloud.
Searchlights very active in RUHR. CB.746 reports, being attacked by an ME110 South of Kiel. The ME was eluded by going into cloud.
As for the weather, 10/10 cloud covered practically whole of areas detailed to bomb.
Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings, while CB.746 used Astro extensively, with great success.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.760 L.82

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson RAF 42727 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 01:30
Flight Time 04:20

15/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.85.
Attacks taken all round were very successful, nine out of ten aircraft detailed from this Unit finding and bombing primary target.
Two level attacks made by CB.774 from 11,000ft. Explosions illuminated aircraft at this height. Incendiaries started several small fires, but quickly extinguished after about 5 minutes.
Three level attacks carried out by CB.775 from 9,000ft West to East. Many hits observed on buildings and incendiaries started many fierce fires. One terrific explosion with vivid white flash and many minor explosions occurred.
CB.776 reports, bombs seen to fall in target area. Large fire started which could be seen for a considerable distance on homeward journey.
CB.777 reports, target successfully attacked. Fires started. One stick at 10,000ft.
Target located and stick dropped across target, by CB.776. Small fires started, smoke plainly visible. Bombs dropped in level stick by CB779 from 10,000ft from South to North. Bursts observed across target AND SEVERAL fires started. Explosions followed, in fires. Nickels dropped N.W. RUHR.
CB.750 reports, one run at 8,700ft, hits believed observed. Second run at 9,000ft, dummy. Third run 8,700ft, hits almost certain. Large columns of white smoke observed over target.
Primary target could not be definitely identified by CB.781, owing to scattered cloud and searchlights. Bombs dropped in stick from 9,000ft on railway junction at LUNEN. Two bombs observed to straddle main crossing and remainder fell along Northern railway line.
No difficulty in locating target by CB.782 and perfect run up made at 11,000ft. Bombs dropped in stick from this height, and hits believed to have been made on target.
Target located and precision bombed by CB.783. Height 12,500ft. Time 23.36hrs. Wireless Operator observed three bomb bursts with white flashes on E of target.
Balloons observed to be flying at 12,000ft over AMSTERDAM, DORTMUND, AND HAMM.
A.A. Fire was heavy and accurate in the RUHR area.
Searchlights very active over the whole area. Enemy aircraft were observed , by about three crews, one seen trailing one of our sorties, in target area, but after a series of bursts by Rear Gunner, made off.
Weather, moderate 4/10 cloud over target, but this cloud did not hinder operations. Visibility was perfect.
Navigation was by D/R, and visual observation mainly, although homing bearings were used in some cases.
“All our aircraft returned safely”.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.779 L.85

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara, RAF 42856 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:50 – Landed 02:00
Flight Time 05:10

17/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.97, K.62 and M.434
Ten Wellington crews from No. 75(NZ) Squadron, were detailed to carry out bombing operations against the enemy. One aircraft, CB.606 (F/L. Adams) returned to base after being out 20 mins due to W/T electrical trouble, as sometime was taken over repairing this defect, that particular sortie was cancelled altogether.
Cb.793 unable to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud covering area, but owing to a shortage of petrol, bombs were jettisoned at D/R position 51° 26’ N, 10° 53’ E.
Numerous fires reported to be already burning in target area, when CB.794 bombed, and further large fires broke out after attack. Petrol tanks observed to explode, and high columns of thick black smoke rose from fires. Glare on cloud still visible for 15 minutes after leaving target.
A level attack made by CB.795 from 9,00ft and 5 – 250lbs. bombs dropped in stick. Incendiaries brought back owing to selector switch being accidentally knocked up. 250lbs. bombs caused two large explosions on large factory buildings.
CB.796 failed to locate target A.97 owing to 8/10 cloud and thick haze in area. After searching for half an hour course was set for SOEST. Marshalling Yards at SOEST attacked in shallow dive from 8,000 to 7,00 feet at 01.10hrs, a stick of 6 – 250lbs. bombs being dropped. Bursts not observed, owing to heavy accurate flak fire.
Target located at 23.30 hours by CB.799 and stick dropped across. Fire started and visible for considerable distance.
CB.800 reports, a level stick at 10,000ft. Bombs hit aerodrome. Incendiaries hit buildings casing thirteen distinct explosions and explosions were still appearing as aircraft set course for home. One good fire was left burning. Nickels dropped between KASSEL and ESCHWEGE.
CB.801 reports, bombs seen to fall on lines of Marshalling Yards.
CB.802 reports, identification of target made difficult by low cloud and ground haze. Flares dropped by other aircraft and half an hour spent in identifying target. Shallow dive attack from South and stick of bombs dropped on North end of target. Result and bursts not observed owing to cloud.
CB.807 reports, primary target not located owing to 9/ 10 cloud and haze. A string of lights which appeared to be an aerodrome attacked..
Balloons again reported to be flying in the RUHR area.
Heavy flak was experienced by most aircraft on target A.97 in the region of MUNSTER and UTRECHT. This was reported to be good for height and accuracy. Searchlights very numerous over the whole of the target area.
10/10 cloud was encountered practically over the whole of the route, with the exception of the RUHR.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, Astro and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.800 K.62

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 07:00

26/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on G.82, C.38 DUISBURG, ARNHEIM, and FLUSHING
Ten Wellington Crews from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks against enemy objectives in enemy territory. Taken over all, the operations were very successfully, good weather being encountered at most targets. On the return journey CB.851 carried out an attack on a single engined aircraft in the region of NIVELLS, and shot down in flames.
The bomb load carried was made up of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs G.P. bombs fused delay action, and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.851 reports, due to heavy searchlights and A.A. fire on the run up to the main target, bombs were dropped on the secondary target C.38. Four bursts were observed, but damage could not be estimated due to avoiding action having to be taken, while hits are assumed.
No results seen from first stick of two bombs dropped by CB.852. Explosions and fire started by second stick of three bombs.
Stick of four bombs dropped to East of target, and small fires started by CB.853.
The target was located by CB.854, and a run up made from South to North at 23.20 hours. The bursts of two bombs were observed, these being approximately a mile South of the primary target. The results of the bursts were unobserved owing to intense searchlight activity at the time.
A stick was dropped by CB.856 from 13,000ft in a level attack. Three bursts were observed and three small fires started.
Owing to searchlights and haze, main target was not located by CB.857. Bombs were dropped on C.38 GRISCHEIM, from 12,000feet. Greenish flashes were observed in target area following burst of bombs, No fires observed.
Bombs dropped through clouds by CB.864 in DUISBURG – ESSEN area. Five A.A. gun emplacements bombed, but results not observed.
Target not located by CB.865 owing to low 10/10 cloud. Bombs were brought back.
CB.866 reports, original target (M.61) not located owing to thick cloud over area. Bombed aerodrome near ARNHEIM from 6,000feet and machine-gunned same from 2,000feet. Hits observed on hangar and on landing ground. Incendiaries overshot target and did no damage.
Five bombs were dropped over FLUSHING aerodrome by CB.874, bursts were observed, but not pin-pointed.
A large number of aerodromes were noticed to be carrying out night flying in HOLLAND, BELGIUM and FRANCE.
A.A. Fire was very heavy and accurate in the FRANKFURT area.
Searchlights active and very heavily concentrated in all main target areas.
CB.831 reports, attacking one twin engine Bomber (type unknown) as it was coming to land at NIVELLS aerodrome. The attack was successful, the Frint Gunner shooting the aircraft down in flames and it crashed on the flare path.
Weather was perfect in the FRANKFURT area, but very cloudy in the RUHR district.
Navigation by D/R, homing bearings and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.864 M.61 (Duisborg attacked as secondary target)

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:50 – Landed 01:30
Flight Time 04:40

29/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.69, Z159, M116, EVERE and WAALHAVEN
Eleven Wellington crews were detailed to proceed to allotted targets and carry out bombing attacks on same, and thus hinder the enemy in operations against this country. The three aircraft Detailed to attack target Z.159 (ST. NAZAIRE, FRANCE) encountered practically no opposition and a very peaceful trip was had throughout.
Total bomb load carried was made up of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., and delay action and containers of 4lbs incendiaries.
CB.881 reports, targets not located 10/10 cloud.
Aerodrome at WESSEL bombed and bursts observed on North East boundary of aerodrome and two medium fires started.
Two bursts observed by Navigator of CB.882, but results not observed. As aircraft passed over cloud, terrific flash observed, but results not noticed.
CB.883 reports, no results observed from first stick of 5 – 250lbs. bombs owing to searchlights.
Two fires started by second stick.
Owing to cloud 55 minutes was spent by CB.884 over target area for cloud to clear. A stick of bombs was dropped to target area for causing 5 or 6 large fires which lasted until leaving. On one bomb bursting a blue flash was seen.
Original target not located by CB.885 owing to cloud and haze over area. Bombs dropped on Marshalling yards, or railway junction to the West of BOTTROP. Three hits observed.
The target was located without difficulty by CB.887 due to the excellent position of such. An attack was made in a shallow dive from East to West and the bombs were released in a stick from 8,000 feet. Results not observed.
CB.888 reports, one 250lbs bomb N.D.T. and two 250lbs. delays were dropped in a high level attack on a heading of 020°M. Stick dropped across Western extremity of Eastern target causing medium sized fire. The last 3 N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. and 1 – S.B.C. were dropped in a dive attack, 8,500ft to 4,000ft. The 250lbs G.P’s hit the Southern edge of the Eastern target. Incendiaries overshot into sea.
Target located and bombed by CB.889 at 00.35hrs one 250lbs bomb and one 500lbs bomb dropped at 8,000 feet. Two 500lbs bombs dropped at 4,000 feet, all bombs observed to burst on target, but with little result.
CB.894 reports , five bursts seen across target and large fires started with incendiaries. A series od explosions developed from fires – bright flashes intermittently resulted.
EVERE aerodrome attacked at 23.00 hours by CB.896 Direction of attack North West to South East. Three bombs seen to burst on N.W, boundary of aerodrome and last bomb in the flare path. Lights immediately extinguished.
CB898 reports, target found (ROTTERDAM) WAALHAVEN aerodrome. BRUSSELS aerodrome covered in 9-10/10 cloud, base 1,500feeet. Height 4,000 feet. Target found running up on river and hangar lights accidentally being switched on for a period od about 20 seconds. Bombs seen to land on aerodrome, but no results observed.
A number of flare paths were noticed in most of German occupied countries. Balloons were seen at target Z.159, these were flying at a height of 6,000 feet.
Heavy A.A> Fire in all the target areas.
Searchlights very active in the RUHR areas only.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.882 A.69

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:35 – Landed 01:25
Flight Time 04:50

01/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116, A.17, F.40, and SOEST
Eleven Wellington aircraft took part, in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried, consisting of 500lbs G.P. bombs, 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action bombs, and containers of incendiaries.
One returning to base from a raid on HANOVER, CB passed over an aerodrome, presumed to be FELTWELL. Permission to land was granted, and an approach made using landing light. Thick haze made landing difficult, and another circuit made. Attempted other landing as fuel getting low, but lost sight of flare path on turning in. Just before touching down, line of trees appeared ahead of aircraft, hit these and burst into flames. The crew got clear of aircraft before bomb load (brought back) exploded, as a result of which explosion aircraft totally destroyed. Actually aircraft landed in field short of flare path at East Wrotham, Honnington Satellite aerodrome.
CB.921 reports, descended to 500 feet in target area on D/R but unsuccessful in getting below cloud. Target not located and bombs brought back. Target located at 23.40 hours by CB.914 and bombs dropped at 23.45 hours. Bursts observed on target area, but unable to see extent of damage owing to bad visibility.
CB.900 reports three terrific explosions from incendiaries in target area, and 250lbs bombs seen to burst in same place. Level attack made from 11,000ft the incendiaries being dropped on the first run.
Target located and bombed by CB.901 Results not observed owing to intense searchlights and A.A. fire.
CB.904 reports, Primary target not located owing to engine trouble. EINDHOVEN aerodrome bombed. Flare path and obstruction lights extinguished when a stick of three bombs was dropped across it at 12,000 feet at 22.46 hours. Large explosions observed.
CB.905 reports, on reaching area a flare was dropped, showing up ground clearly, and enabling target to be identified, attack then made from 11,000 feet in a South Westerly direction. Bursts observed and a line of fires started, about 7 or 9 in all and a further explosion seen. Fires still burning on leaving area.
CB.908 and CB.909 failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back.
CB.916 and CB.917 reports, that they located targets and bombed same, but results not observed due to cloud. Only observations, a large circle of lights mainly white with a few red seen, between BREMEN and BREMERHAVEN, presumably aerodrome or dummy on Eastern edge of MUNSTER, three red flares fired from ground formed isosceles triangle. On the whole A.A. was heavy, especially over HANOVER and between HAMM and ROTTERDAM.
Searchlights very active, but due to thick cloud layers and haze, they were ineffective. Weather taken all round was poor, on way out to targets, 8-10/10 cloud was encountered, while over actual targets almost clear with only hazy conditions. Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.908 B.50

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lamb, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:35 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 06:50

04/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Thurenger Forest, Black Forest, and Woods South of Strasburg
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took part in above operations. Seven of the aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on the woods carried 6 containers of incendiary bombs, while CB.931, who attacked wood South of Strasbourg, carried a load of 5 containers of incendiaries (25 lbs), 3 – 250 lbs. incendiaries and one flash bomb. CB.940 carried 6- 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T.
CB.992 made a level attack from a height of 11,000 feet, the bombs being dropped in a stick every 12 seconds. Terrific fires started in a line covering eight miles and could be seen 20 minutes after setting course for home.
CB.923 searched the target area and dropped bombs in a NW. SE direction covering an area of 5 or 6 miles. Over 100 small fires were started and the glow could be seen over 20 miles away on returning.
CB.926 dropped bombs in groups of four at eleven second intervals in a Northerly direction, from Swiss border on Western side of target area. The incendiaries were seen to be burning amongst the trees, but no time spent waiting to see further results.
CB.927 bombed central portion of target area L (Black Forest). Numerous small fires observed but no large conflagration seen at time of leaving area.
CB.928 reports that bombs were dropped in long circular stick and observed to burst. Some fires started but aircraft left area before extent of fire could be estimated.
CB.929 reports that bombs were dropped on targets and fires started.
CB.930 spread bombs in a stick running N.N.E. across Northern corner. Several small fires started. Half container was dropped from 6000 feet on LUNEVILLE aerodrome, and fires were started which could be seen for 40 miles.
CB. 931 reports that all incendiaries were dropped in a circular area, radius about 3 miles. The fires burnt for 10-15 minutes but did not persist. A photograph was taken 20 minutes after the first attack and shows that the fires were not catching.
CB.940 reports that two bombs fell on hangers and four on tarmac of aerodrome.
Extensive road traffic movements observed in North West France. Dummy aerodrome at LE TOUQUET – CB.928 reports, 2 lights flashing “S” alternatively and ‘M” together, situated 6 miles South East of OSTEND.
CB.922 and 940 report light and heavy flak, but taken all round, very little encountered.
Searchlights encountered over HAMM and Belgian Coast, but here again, on the whole very few.
Weather good throughout operations, mist patches in places, but visibility generally very good.
Navigation by D/R mainly, assisted by Astro in two instances.
System of locating beacons for balloons reported to be excellent by CB.931

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.928 Black Forest

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:30 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 07:00

07/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against A.70, Essen, Black Forest and Colnac Aerodrome, M.101.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit detailed to carry out the above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, containers of 25lbs. incendiaries and CB.959 carried one flash bomb.
CB.944 reports that bursts were observed short of target.
CB.945 dropped bombs in one stick. Five fires were seen in a row.
CB.948 reports that fires were started in Black Forest with 5 cans of incendiaries. COLMAC Aerodrome was bombed with the remaining can which did not release over the Black Forest. A wooden hanger was set alight and two or more aircraft were seen to be burning inside and two were set alight on the tarmac outside. CB.950 failed to locate the target and bombs were brought back.
Cb.951 failed to locate the marshalling yards at KREFEL and bombed an aerodrome in the vicinity of KREFELD. Bombs were observed to burst 400 yards south of the flare path. All lights were extinguished but one fire was observed burning at time of leaving target.
CB.959 dropped incendiaries in level stick from10,000 feet at 12 second intervals and moderately large fires were started.
CB.960 located target in BLACK FOREST and bombs were dropped. The incendiaries were seen burning among trees but the fires did not appear to increase.
Bombs were dropped by CB.961 from 2000 feet in single containers. First container straddled railway line north of MULHOUSE and fire a large building, causing several large explosions. Remainder fell in forest and fires were started, but these did not spread to any great extent.
CB.962 dropped three bombs on the aerodrome at GLIZE RIZEN and these were seen to burst East of target. Two bombs were also dropped on the aerodrome at OOSTVOORING and these burst on the flare path.
Due to heavy cloud and thick mist, reconnaissance impossible, and observations few. Three flares forming a triangle shot up to 8000 feet over the sea 10 miles West of OSTEND, and rectangle of dim lights with three bright lights inside observed six miles East of NANCY, believed Prison Camp. Dummy aerodrome South of STRASBURG extinguished on approach of aircraft.
A.A. fire moderately heavy in RUHR area. A concentration of light flak observed at OSTEND, heavy A.A. South of ROTTERDAM, but not accurate, mainly below and ahead of aircraft.
Searchlights numerous in area South to South East of ROTTERDAM, but did not hold aircraft. In other areas active, but ineffective.
Four aircraft (enemy) were seen to burn on ground at COLMAC aerodrome.
Navigation done by D/R, homing bearing, and map reading. Astro fixes by one sortie.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.959 Black Forest

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:55 – Landed 04:10
Flight Time 07:15

12/09/1940 – Bombing Attack on Emden and Schwerte
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took part in Operations against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while CB.984 carried one flash bomb.
CB.984 and CB.985 failed to locate the target due to 10/10 cloud, and bombs were brought back.
CB.986 reports that bombs were dropped, but bursts were unobserved due to bad visibility.
CB.987 bombed target in bad visibility from 6000 feet, but results were unobserved owing to cloud.
CB.988 failed to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud. Intense A.A. fire was experienced and bombs were released over centre of A.A. activity.
CB.994 reports that results were not observed.
Owing to dense low cloud, CB.995 failed to locate original target, SCHWERTE. Bombs were dropped from 1000 feet on the aerodrome at DE KOOY, but results were not observed.
CB/997 failed to locate target, but bombs were released on A.A. emplacements between SOEST and DORTMUND.
CB.999 reports that direct hits were scored on ammunition store in dock buildings. Heavy explosions occurred and large fires were started.
Owing to bad visibility no observations or reconnaissance were made although CB.999 reports that docks and wharves were clearly seen.
Light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced in many parts of the target areas, while flak ships or warships continued barrage some distance to sea. Flaming onions were also experienced at one point.
Searchlights were numerous and very active, but owing to cloud were ineffective.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
ten-tenths cloud was experienced over most of the route. Icing conditions, rain and electrical storms were also experienced.
Navigation was carried out by D/R, W/T and homing bearings.
CB.999 returned to base with shell holes in wings and machine gun bullet through front turret. Attack was carried out from 150 feet – machine blown up to 600 and was very unstable on return journey. S.O.S. was sent out as machine was expected to land in sea. P/O Denton, captain of this machine, was awarded D.F.C. (Immediate).

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.984 D.184

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lawler, RAF – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:55 – Landed 23:35
Flight Time 03:40

14/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Antwerp and Soest
Ten Wellington Aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action bombs, containers of incendiaries and CB.120 carried one flash bomb.
CB.115 reports that owing to severe ice forming cloud, target was not reached, but an attack was made from 7000 feet on DE KOOY Aerodrome, where a stick of bombs was dropped on hangars. Numerous fires started, and major and minor explosions followed, suggesting blowing up of ammunition. Fires lit up aerodrome buildings.
Owing to 10/10 cloud Cb.116 failed to locate original target. Bombs were dropped on rail junction at AARHUS.
CB.117 reports three large explosions took place after the first stick of 8 – 250lbs. bombs had been dropped on East Docks. Second stick of 7 – 250 lbss bombs and one S.B.C. seen to explode on new docks.
CB.118 reports that target was located and bombs dropped, but owing to thick haze results could not be estimated.
CB.119 reports that one stick of bombs and one S.B.C. were dropped on dock basins and fires were started by incendiaries on quay. Yellow explosions from two of the fires at irregular intervals.
CB.120 reports that all bombs were seen to burst in docks, but no big fires were seen.
CB.122 reports that owing to an error in map reading, one stick of bombs was dropped over target area and hits are believed to have been scored although no fires were observed.
CB.123 reports that barges in chain basin were hit. Direct hits were scored on dicks and barges in basin North of town. A large fire was also started in this basin.
CB126 reports that bombs were dropped and bursts observed in main dock area. At time of leaving target incendiaries were observed burning fiercely with orange coloured flames. Repeated minor explosions were observed in vicinity of incendiaries.
P/O. Denton reports that one stick of nine bombs was dropped on N.W. docks, but owing to evasive action, only first two bombs observed to burst. One stick was dropped on South docks nearest town, and all bombs were observed to make direct hits.
Recognition signal – red and two white star cartridge, observed several times near target area. Flare paths observed at aerodromes near WOENSDRECHTE, and South of ANTWERP. Dummy flarepath seen N.E. of ANTWERP. Flashing beacon 12 miles E.N.E. ANTWERP. Three pairs of ships about 1000 tonnes were observed on ZUYDER ZEE, while two large merchant ships were seen N.W. side of main basin, and one 4000 ton merchant ship seen sailing N.W.-S.E. of FLUSHING out into North Sea.
Fairly intense light and heavy A.A. fire experienced in many parts of target area. This was not very accurate.
Searchlights were few and inactive.
Only one enemy aircraft, an ME.109, was observed over target area.
Icing conditions and electrical storms were experienced by most aircraft. Weather in target area was good..
Navigation was mainly D/R, with W/T, MF/DF. Astro and homing bearings.
CB,123 reports an excellent trip, exceptional bombing done by Observer, also excellent Asto navigation. Approximately 50 small boats, believed fishing smacks seen on beach between HAGUE and the Hook near SCHEVENINGEN.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2550 AA-L
Raid No. CB.120 Antwerp

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.

Take Off 23:15 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 03:40

18/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets M.480, Z.40, and Le Havre
Nine Wellington aircraft took part in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. G.P. bombs, fused N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while one flash bomb was carried by CB.142.
CB.130 reports that owing to cloud results were unobserved, but a large fire was seen to be started in vicinity of target.
CB.132 and CB.142 report that results were not observed.
CB.138 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick. Bursts were observed to straddle outer harbour and one fire was started on quay followed by two reddish glows in harbour area.
CB.139 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick from the South West diagonally across the outer dock area. Owing to intense barrage of flak and searchlights, results were not observed. The attack was made from slightly under 7000 feet.
CB.140 dropped one stick from East to West. Bursts were observed on central jetty. Two fires observed when leaving target, one of which exploded with yellow glow about eight times at irregular intervals.
CB141 reports that three searchlights were extinguished by 500lbs. N.D.T. bomb. Results of 250 lbs. and incendiaries not observed.
CB.143 reports that target was bombed from 9000 feet. Bursts were observed on the northern end of target and immediately fires started, to be followed by several large explosions, one of which was of particular brilliance throwing much lighted debris into the air. Fires were still burning on leaving target.
CB.144 reports that all bombs burst on and around marshalling yards. Fires still burning after three quarters of an hour.
Several large ships observed both inside and outside harbour. Barges seen in main basins. Aerodrome with flare path and obstruction lights was seen near LIEGE and three aircraft seen in neighbourhood with navigation lights on. Two flashing beacons on point S.E. of target and near mouth of inlet at LE HAVRE.
Fairly heavy A.A. Fire was experienced in all target areas.
Searchlights were active as usual.
CB.139 reports one enemy aircraft flying over LE HAVRE. It was burning navigation lights and fired a 4-star white cartridge. Three heavy type seen in vicinity of flare-path near LIEGE by CB.143, while CB.144 reports one unidentified enemy aircraft with navigation lights on.
Cloud varying from 3/10 to 10/10 was experienced on journey to and from the target. Weather very good in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, homing bearings and W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.144 Z.40

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:55 – Landed 23:20
Flight Time 03:25

20/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Enemy Territory
Nine Wellington aircraft wee detailed to carry out the above operations. The bomb load was made up of 250lbs. bombs and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.157 reports that a large fire was started in docks standing alongside No. 1 basin (with lockgate) and seen to burn for 50 minutes, and grow to size of a hangar. Lockgates were hit with a stick of 10 – 250lbs. bombs.
CB.158 reports that all bombs were dropped in one stick bursting down dock area between the two basins. One large fire started. Still burning 20 minutes later.
CB.159 reports that one stick laid across docks observed to make direct hits. Fires and explosions followed which could be seen on second climb. One stick five N.D.T. and one S.B.C. laid longitudinal across 15/20,000 tone vessel. First bomb 40-50yds astern, remainder either direct hits or very near misses.
CB.160 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick across harbour entrance. Large fires observed on N.E. side of harbour mouth started by incendiaries.
CB.162 reports eight bombs burst in target area though no fires started. A large fire was started in the deck area but was apparently caused by a machine bombing at exactly the same time.
CB.164 dropped one stick of six 250lbs bombs on N.W. heading which was seen to burst in vicinity of tidal basin. One stick of five 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. dropped on S.E. heading was seen to burst on jetty of fish harbour. Incendiary fires observed to seaward side of fort on north side of harbour entrance.
CB.165 dropped first stick in Nos. 1 and 2 basins heading 180° approximately. A second stick and one S.B.C. was dropped in No.3 Basin heading 045° approximately.
One stick and S.B.C was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bombs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area. CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB159 signalling in Morse short distances from Belgium coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mid-channel. Parachute flare dropped and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made. Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.158

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:58 – Landed 23:20
Flight Time 02:22

23/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets at Berlin, Le Havre and Hamburg
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out attacks against the targets above. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.167 reports four fires started on dock area. Minor explosions were seen on leaving.
One stick and S.B.C. was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbor wharves. Bobs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area.
CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB.159 signalling in morse short distance from Belgian coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mod-channel. Parachute flare dropped, and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB.160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made.
Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack was made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over the North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.176 A.388 Berlin

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:00 – Landed 00:00
Flight Time 00:00

02/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116 and A.69
Ten Wellington aircraft carried out the above attacks. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs delayed action, containers of 4;bs. Incendiaries, while CB.236 carried one flash bomb.
CB.226 failed to locate target and bombs were brought back as no military target could be located.
CB.227 reports that bombs were dropped in a single stick across ZWISCHEICHEUR AERODROME. Small fires started by incendiaries.
Results were not observed by CB.232 owing to nine tenths cloud.
CB.234 reports that target was not attacked owing to 10/10 cloud extending over route half way over North Sea to target area.
Owing to very low cloud, no definite results were seen by CB.235. Large flashes were seen reflected on clouds which kept going for about 20 mins.
No results were observed by CB.236.
CB.237 reports that bombs were observed to burst short of target by 400 yards.
CB.238 reports that a stick of bombs were dropped on DE KOOY AERODROME. First bombs seen to burst short, but remainder on aerodrome.
CB.239 dropped one stick of bombs on red obstruction lights at Aerodrome at WESSEL. Results not observed owing to cloud, but there was a glow against the clouds resembling a fire.
Bomb bursts were observed by CB.240
Large fire seen in vicinity of AMSTERDAM. Flak ships observed off Dutch coast for 20 miles.
Heavy and light A.A. fire, fairly accurate, experienced in all target areas.
Slight searchlight activity but ineffective owing to cloud.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Weather was very poor; heavy cloud over whole of journey.
Navigation was mainly D/R, with Astro in one instance.

Wellington Mk.1c P.9292 AA-C
Raid No. CB.235 A.69

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Brian Patrick McNamara RAF 42856 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Green, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.

Take Off 21:35 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 04:35

08/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, Marshalling Yards Gremburg and Cologne
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was mixed and consisted of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250 lbs. bombs, delayed action, and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.253 reports a stick of four bombs dropped across target. Bursts observed, two fires started which burned until aircraft was out of sight of target.
CB.255 reached HAMBURG and dropped a flare over the town. A stick of bombs was dropped over the target but bursts were not observed due to searchlight activity.
CB.256 dropped in one stick and bursts observed in target area. Incendiaries seen to burn but no fires resulted.
CB.257 reports hits or near misses on target. Explosions unseen due to intense A.A. fire. Two fires seen burning afterwards.
F/Lt. Gilbert reports bombs fell short of target in docks on Northern side of the river. Observations of bombs uncertain due to heavy A.A. fire.
CB.258 dropped bombs in a level stick at 11,500 feet. Incendiary bombs started three small fires and a medium yellow explosion. Two bombs dropped on aerodrome at OLDENBURG; lights extinguished.
CB.259 reports one large fire started by stick of bombs. Smaller fires caused by incendiaries. Fires still burning after ten minutes.
CB.260 dropped one stick from 10,000 feet across target area.
CB.270 reports that bombs were seen to burst on target area. Three explosions seen in centre of incendiaries.
S/Ldr. Bain reports extensive and brilliant red fires visible for 60-70 miles.
Number of flare-paths seen at various parts of route. Flak ship North of WILHEMSHAVEN two miles off coast, 52* 50’N,04* 35’E.
Intense heavy and light A.A. fire was experienced on way to target and also in target areas.
Searchlights were fairly intense and accurate.
A number of enemy aircraft seen. CB.256 overtaken by two aircraft, believed ME.110, over target area. Three single engined machines, believed to be ME.109, circled this aircraft fr ten minutes during dummy runs over target. No attacks.
Weather was clear over target areas. Heavy cloud experienced over North Sea on return journey.
Navigation was by D/R, Q.D.M’s, Homing Bearings, and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.258 A.10

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Leonard Rodney Hewitt RNZAF NZ391355 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Sheppard, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:50 – Landed 00:50
Flight Time 06:00

10/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.68, A.28, A.71, and Eindhoven Aerodrome
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was a mixed one and consisted of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs, delayed action and containers of incendiaries.
CB.278 reports that large fires started after bombs burst. Location was impossible because of thick haze and searchlights.
CB.283 dropped one stick from East to West across target. A number of large fires started, in the middle of which a large explosion was observed.
CB.284 reports that all bombs and incendiaries were seen to burst in target area. Two small fires left burning.
CB.285 reports bombs dropped on heading 120* in one stick. Bursts observed but unable to determine accuracy owing to searchlight dazzle.
CB.286 dropped one stick North to South. Bombs seen to burst on buildings. One bomb overshot landed in Rhine. Brilliant blue flashes observed. Small fires seen from incendiaries.
CB.288 reports that first two bombs caused two large orange flashes; nest four causes vivid blue flashes. Thought to be direct hits on power station.
CB.289 reports that all bombs fell in northern end of works on large building. Four fires started which eventually joined up into one large one.
CB.290 reports bomb burst in target area, with vivid green explosions. Incendiaries hung up so were dropped on large railway sidings near RHINEBURG. Twelve fires burning when aircraft was 50 miles away.
CB.291 reports bombs dropped in one stick from 12,000 feet. Results unobserved.
CB.294 reports that bombs fell short on docks. Explosions followed bomb bursts, fires started, burnt out after few minutes.
Flare path, believed ENDHOVEN, observed in position 15* 20′ N, 04* 05* E. Dummy factory seen on Northern bend of river near DUSSELDORF.
Intense heavy anti-aircraft fire was experienced. This was fairly accurate.
Searchlights were active and fairly accurate.
CB.288 encountered and engaged one enemy aircraft which was seen to crash and burn three miles N.W. of STEENBERGEN.
Weather was fine. Cloud was experienced in some parts of route to and from target.
Navigation was by D/R, Q.D.M’s and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c D.2822 AA-?
Raid No. CB.290 A.71

P/O Eric Vernon Best, RAF 36236 – Pilot.
P/O Leonard Rodney Hewitt RNZAF NZ391355 2nd Pilot.
P/O Harry Albert Goodwin, RAF 79573 – Navigator.
Sgt. Sheppard, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lawler, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Emmett Cerretti Joseph McMahon, RNZAF NZ39868 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:59 – Landed 02:35
Flight Time 03:36