J.E.S. Morton crew 18.09.40

07/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against A.70, Essen, Black Forest and Colnac Aerodrome, M.101.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit detailed to carry out the above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, containers of 25lbs. incendiaries and CB.959 carried one flash bomb.
CB.944 reports that bursts were observed short of target.
CB.945 dropped bombs in one stick. Five fires were seen in a row.
CB.948 reports that fires were started in Black Forest with 5 cans of incendiaries. COLMAC Aerodrome was bombed with the remaining can which did not release over the Black Forest. A wooden hanger was set alight and two or more aircraft were seen to be burning inside and two were set alight on the tarmac outside. CB.950 failed to locate the target and bombs were brought back.
Cb.951 failed to locate the marshalling yards at KREFEL and bombed an aerodrome in the vicinity of KREFELD. Bombs were observed to burst 400 yards south of the flare path. All lights were extinguished but one fire was observed burning at time of leaving target.
CB.959 dropped incendiaries in level stick from10,000 feet at 12 second intervals and moderately large fires were started.
CB.960 located target in BLACK FOREST and bombs were dropped. The incendiaries were seen burning among trees but the fires did not appear to increase.
Bombs were dropped by CB.961 from 2000 feet in single containers. First container straddled railway line north of MULHOUSE and fire a large building, causing several large explosions. Remainder fell in forest and fires were started, but these did not spread to any great extent.
CB.962 dropped three bombs on the aerodrome at GLIZE RIZEN and these were seen to burst East of target. Two bombs were also dropped on the aerodrome at OOSTVOORING and these burst on the flare path.
Due to heavy cloud and thick mist, reconnaissance impossible, and observations few. Three flares forming a triangle shot up to 8000 feet over the sea 10 miles West of OSTEND, and rectangle of dim lights with three bright lights inside observed six miles East of NANCY, believed Prison Camp. Dummy aerodrome South of STRASBURG extinguished on approach of aircraft.
A.A. fire moderately heavy in RUHR area. A concentration of light flak observed at OSTEND, heavy A.A. South of ROTTERDAM, but not accurate, mainly below and ahead of aircraft.
Searchlights numerous in area South to South East of ROTTERDAM, but did not hold aircraft. In other areas active, but ineffective.
Four aircraft (enemy) were seen to burn on ground at COLMAC aerodrome.
Navigation done by D/R, homing bearing, and map reading. Astro fixes by one sortie.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3218 AA-T
Raid No. CB.944 A.70

P/O Gordie Keith Larney, RAF 33582 – Pilot.
P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Richard Booth Elliott, RAFVR 581379 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Sheppard, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLaughlan, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. William Ainslie Reid, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 01:30
Flight Time 04:30

10/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Ostend Harbour and Flushing Docks
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry put attacks on the above targets. The bomb load consisted of 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.
Owing to 10/10 cloud over Belgian Coast a descent was made by CB.966 to 4000 feet where OSTEND was located. Three flares were dropped over docks. A stick of bombs was dropped at 3,500 feet over dock area but owing to violent evasive action bursts were not observed.
CB.967 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud extending from 12,000 feet to 1000 feet over Belgian Coast.
CB.968 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud and thick mist. Bombs were bought back.
CB.972 dropped bombs in a dive from 4000 feet to 1000 feet. No results were observed owing to violent evasive action, searchlights and haze. Flares were dropped over target and lighted up area satisfactorily.
Owing to 10/10 cloud down to 700 feet, CB.973 failed to locate target.
Five bombs dropped by CB.974 were seen to burst across docks. No results were observed of second stick owing to searchlights, but they believed to have hit the target.
Owing to 10/10 cloud, CB979 reports nil results observed.
Flares were dropped, warships were observed to open fire and continued a heavy broadside for almost half an hour. Several small vessels were seen close to coast line. Retaliatory action appeared to be taken by coastal batteries.
Some light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced at OSTEND and at other target areas.
Searchlights were active around the target areas, but were ineffective owing to cloud.
During the whole of the operations, only one enemy aircraft was seen – by CB.974 – off the Dutch Coast.
Weather was very poor, there being 9/10 – 10/10 cloud. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, and in some cases MF/DF and Astro.
Squeaker at HARWICH not heard, although balloons seen.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.979 Flushing

P/O Gordie Keith Larney, RAF 33582 – Pilot.
P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Richard Booth Elliott, RAFVR 581379 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Sheppard, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLaughlan, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. William Ainslie Reid, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 01:15
Flight Time 02:45

18/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets M.480, Z.40, and Le Havre
Nine Wellington aircraft took part in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. G.P. bombs, fused N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while one flash bomb was carried by CB.142.
CB.130 reports that owing to cloud results were unobserved, but a large fire was seen to be started in vicinity of target.
CB.132 and CB.142 report that results were not observed.
CB.138 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick. Bursts were observed to straddle outer harbour and one fire was started on quay followed by two reddish glows in harbour area.
CB.139 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick from the South West diagonally across the outer dock area. Owing to intense barrage of flak and searchlights, results were not observed. The attack was made from slightly under 7000 feet.
CB.140 dropped one stick from East to West. Bursts were observed on central jetty. Two fires observed when leaving target, one of which exploded with yellow glow about eight times at irregular intervals.
CB141 reports that three searchlights were extinguished by 500lbs. N.D.T. bomb. Results of 250 lbs. and incendiaries not observed.
CB.143 reports that target was bombed from 9000 feet. Bursts were observed on the northern end of target and immediately fires started, to be followed by several large explosions, one of which was of particular brilliance throwing much lighted debris into the air. Fires were still burning on leaving target.
CB.144 reports that all bombs burst on and around marshalling yards. Fires still burning after three quarters of an hour.
Several large ships observed both inside and outside harbour. Barges seen in main basins. Aerodrome with flare path and obstruction lights was seen near LIEGE and three aircraft seen in neighbourhood with navigation lights on. Two flashing beacons on point S.E. of target and near mouth of inlet at LE HAVRE.
Fairly heavy A.A. Fire was experienced in all target areas.
Searchlights were active as usual.
CB.139 reports one enemy aircraft flying over LE HAVRE. It was burning navigation lights and fired a 4-star white cartridge. Three heavy type seen in vicinity of flare-path near LIEGE by CB.143, while CB.144 reports one unidentified enemy aircraft with navigation lights on.
Cloud varying from 3/10 to 10/10 was experienced on journey to and from the target. Weather very good in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, homing bearings and W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.141

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:05 – Landed 03:40
Flight Time 07:35

20/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Enemy Territory
Nine Wellington aircraft wee detailed to carry out the above operations. The bomb load was made up of 250lbs. bombs and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.157 reports that a large fire was started in docks standing alongside No. 1 basin (with lockgate) and seen to burn for 50 minutes, and grow to size of a hangar. Lockgates were hit with a stick of 10 – 250lbs. bombs.
CB.158 reports that all bombs were dropped in one stick bursting down dock area between the two basins. One large fire started. Still burning 20 minutes later.
CB.159 reports that one stick laid across docks observed to make direct hits. Fires and explosions followed which could be seen on second climb. One stick five N.D.T. and one S.B.C. laid longitudinal across 15/20,000 tone vessel. First bomb 40-50yds astern, remainder either direct hits or very near misses.
CB.160 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick across harbour entrance. Large fires observed on N.E. side of harbour mouth started by incendiaries.
CB.162 reports eight bombs burst in target area though no fires started. A large fire was started in the deck area but was apparently caused by a machine bombing at exactly the same time.
CB.164 dropped one stick of six 250lbs bombs on N.W. heading which was seen to burst in vicinity of tidal basin. One stick of five 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. dropped on S.E. heading was seen to burst on jetty of fish harbour. Incendiary fires observed to seaward side of fort on north side of harbour entrance.
CB.165 dropped first stick in Nos. 1 and 2 basins heading 180° approximately. A second stick and one S.B.C. was dropped in No.3 Basin heading 045° approximately.
One stick and S.B.C was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bombs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area. CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB159 signalling in morse short distances from Belgium coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mid-channel. Parachute flare dropped and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made. Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk. T.2550 AA-L
Raid No. CB.160

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 00:01
Flight Time 02:46

23/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets at Berlin, Le Havre and Hamburg
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out attacks against the targets above. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.167 reports four fires started on dock area. Minor explosions were seen on leaving.
One stick and S.B.C. was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bobs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area.
CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB.159 signalling in morse short distance from Belgian coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mod-channel. Parachute flare dropped, and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB.160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made.
Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack was made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over the North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.186

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:00 – Landed 00:00
Flight Time 00:00

26/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Le Havre
Eight Wellington aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above target. The bomb load was made up of 500lbs bombs, 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T. and containers of incendiaries.
CB.186 dropped bombs in one stick across west end of docks, but results were unobserved.
CB.197 observed bomb bursts in dock area, but these could not be pin pointed.
CB.198 failed to locate target but attacked LUCIEUX AERODROME where four hits were scored. No fires observed.
CB.199 dropped bombs in one stick from 10,000 foot heading 125°. All bombs were observed to burst.
CB.201 reports that no results were observed owing to intense searchlights over target.
CB.202 reports bombs dropped in one stick. Bursts observed and large fire started on N.N. side of basin which exploded at irregular intervals.

The two remaining machines, captained by P/O Gilmour and P/O Denton respectively, located the target. Bombs were dropped but owing to bad visibility and searchlights bursts were not observed by the first aircraft. Bombs dropped by the second aircraft were observed to burst.
Several fires seen in various parts of target areas. Rotating beacon at three second intervals on southern shore of Seine estuary, due South of LE HAVRE.
Intense light and heavy A.A. fire, not very accurate, experienced in all parts of the target areas.
Seven enemy aircraft were seen, but no attacks made.
Seven-tenths to 10/10 cloud was experienced over whole of the journey.
Navigation was by D/R, WT, N.D.M’s and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.186 CC.24

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot. P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:40 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 06:40

29/09/1940 – Bombing Atacks on Targets L.86, M.480, and OSNABRUCK
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual attacks on the above targets. One of these aircraft, CB.213 failed to return to base, having crashed in Devon through lack of Petrol. One member of the crew, P/O. Jelley the rear gunner, was killed, but the other members all parachuted to safety. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. bombs, 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.213 reports that target was located and bombs dropped.
No results were observed by CB.214, except for small fire started north of target.
CB.216 failed to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud and difficulty in pinpointing. Heavy bombs dropped on DELMENHOERST AERODROME, hits believed, and incendiaries dropped on DE KOOY AERODROME where a few small fires were started.
CB.217 dropped though cloud – on target, but results were unobserved.
Owing to ten-tenths cloud, CB.215 failed to locate the target, but bombs were dropped at NORDHERN AERODROME. Bursts seen slight short.
CB.218 dropped bombs from 10,000 on first run, bursts being observed. A second was made and the remaining bombs dropped.
Target was not located by CB.219 owing to 9/10 cloud. Bombs dropped at MADGEBURG and bursts observed.
CB.223 dropped a stick of 8-250lbs. bombs along railway marshalling yards at MANNHEIM. Bursts observed on permanent way in woods S.E. of MANNHEIM.
CB.224 failed to locate original target and bombs were dropped in one stick on marshalling yards at KOBLEMZ. Results unobserved.
CB.225 dropped bombs in one stick. Bursts seen on railway line. Several small explosions and one large fire seen for 30 miles after leaving target.
One aircraft seen, by CB.214, shot down over EILENBURG. Dummy aerodrome seen about four miles East of DELMENHOERST. Circle of white lights about a mile in diameter, with sharply defined red arrows in centre pointing S.W. in position 52*N. 0.8.43E.
Heavy A.A. fire in all parts of target areas.
Searchlights were very active and accurate.
Several enemy aircraft seen at various parts of target areas.
Five-tenths to 10/10 cloud was experienced over whole.
Navigation was by D/R, and W/T bearings

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.224 M.480

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:55 – Landed 06:00
Flight Time 10:05

02/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116 and A.69
Ten Wellington aircraft carried out the above attacks. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs delayed action, containers of 4;bs. Incendiaries, while CB.236 carried one flash bomb.
CB.226 failed to locate target and bombs were brought back as no military target could be located.
CB.227 reports that bombs were dropped in a single stick across ZWISCHEICHEUR AERODROME. Small fires started by incendiaries.
Results were not observed by CB.232 owing to nine tenths cloud.
CB.234 reports that target was not attacked owing to 10/10 cloud extending over route half way over North Sea to target area.
Owing to very low cloud, no definite results were seen by CB.235. Large flashes were seen reflected on clouds which kept going for about 20 mins.
No results were observed by CB.236.
CB.237 reports that bombs were observed to burst short of target by 400 yards.
CB.238 reports that a stick of bombs were dropped on DE KOOY AERODROME. First bombs seen to burst short, but remainder on aerodrome.
CB.239 dropped one stick of bombs on red obstruction lights at Aerodrome at WESSEL. Results not observed owing to cloud, but there was a glow against the clouds resembling a fire.
Bomb bursts were observed by CB.240
Large fire seen in vicinity of AMSTERDAM. Flak ships observed off Dutch coast for 20 miles.
Heavy and light A.A. fire, fairly accurate, experienced in all target areas.
Slight searchlight activity but ineffective owing to cloud.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Weather was very poor; heavy cloud over whole of journey.
Navigation was mainly D/R, with Astro in one instance.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.227 Soest (Zwischeicheur Aerodrome attacked as secondary)

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:20 – Landed 06:05
Flight Time 10:45

10/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.68, A.28, A.71, and Eindhoven Aerodrome
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was a mixed one and consisted of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs, delayed action and containers of incendiaries.
CB.278 reports that large fires started after bombs burst. Location was impossible because of thick haze and searchlights.
CB.283 dropped one stick from East to West across target. A number of large fires started, in the middle of which a large explosion was observed.
CB.284 reports that all bombs and incendiaries were seen to burst in target area. Two small fires left burning.
CB.285 reports bombs dropped on heading 120* in one stick. Bursts observed but unable to determine accuracy owing to searchlight dazzle.
CB.286 dropped one stick North to South. Bombs seen to burst on buildings. One bomb overshot landed in Rhine. Brilliant blue flashes observed. Small fires seen from incendiaries.
CB.288 reports that first two bombs caused two large orange flashes; nest four causes vivid blue flashes. Thought to be direct hits on power station.
CB.289 reports that all bombs fell in northern end of works on large building. Four fires started which eventually joined up into one large one.
CB.290 reports bomb burst in target area, with vivid green explosions. Incendiaries hung up so were dropped on large railway sidings near RHINEBURG. Twelve fires burning when aircraft was 50 miles away.
CB.291 reports bombs dropped in one stick from 12,000 feet. Results unobserved.
CB.294 reports that bombs fell short on docks. Explosions followed bomb bursts, fires started, burnt out after few minutes.
Flarepath, believed ENDHOVEN, observed in position 15° 20′ N, 04° 05* E. Dummy factory seen on Northern bend of river near DUSSELDORF.
Intense heavy anti-aircraft fire was experienced. This was fairly accurate.
Searchlights were active and fairly accurate.
CB.288 encountered and engaged one enemy aircraft which was seen to crash and burn three miles N.W. of STEENBERGEN.
Weather was fine. Cloud was experienced in some parts of route to and from target.
Navigation was by D/R, Q.D.M’s and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.291 A.71 (Marshalling yards at Wessel attacked as secondary target)

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:45 – Landed 05:05
Flight Time 05:20

16/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target D.3 at KIEL
Nine Wellington aircraft carried out the above attacks. One of these aircraft, captained by P/O. Morton, crashed in Cumberland after having completed operations.
The bomb load consisted of 500lbs. S.A.P. bombs, 1/10 sec. delay.
CB.312 reports that a large red fire was observed.
CB.313 bombed docks in KIEL, but results were no observed.
CB.315 reports that results were not observed owing to low cloud and gun flashes.
CB.322 reports that target was observed in floating dock. Bomb bursts seen on target.
On the first run, CB.323 dropped a stick of two bombs which burst in water one on each side of GNEISENAU. A salvo of two bombs was dropped on second run and burst either side of the jetty of target. Heavy orange explosion was seen.
CB.324 reports that primary target was obscured by 10/10 cloud. Secondary target clear and easily identified. Good run up and bombs aimed accurately but bursts were not observed.
CB.325 dropped one stick from 11,500 feet. Bursts seen. Bombs fell N.E. of target on quays.
CB.326 dropped bombs in one stick on target. Bursts observed, but no pinpointed in relation to target due to cloud layer, but definitely in immediate vicinity of target. Rectangle of red lights 800 yds. x 600yds. seen in vicinity of LECK. Green light flashed from end like Aldis. Four red lights in a line North and South, equally spaced, across BORKUM. These flashed for one second at eight second intervals. Two searchlights believed to be on HELIGOLAND.
Fair amount of heavy A.A. fire. Fairly accurate. Searchlights were active, but ineffective owing to cloud. One enemy aircraft seen in NEUMUNSTER area. Believed to be HE.113.
Weather was clear over target areas. Heavy cloud experienced on return journey.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, and MF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7857 AA-C
Raid No. CB.- D.3 (Hamburg docks attacked as secondary target)

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
m m   – 2nd Pilot.
m m,   – Navigator.
m m,   – Wireless Operator.
m m,   – Front Gunner.
m m,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off m – Landed m
Flight Time missing

28/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.72, Z.82, Z.83.
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out the above attacks. The bomb load was made up of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., delayed action; and S.A.P. delayed action, 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries.
CB.402 dropped one stick of bombs on target which overshot into shipbuilding yards on South Eastern side of river. Bursts observed and fires from incendiaries, also one fire from one of bomb bursts.
CB.403 dropped one stick from 11,500 feet. Two bombs landed in water, also incendiary. One bomb believed to have hit floating dock of GNEISENAU. One bomb hit docks South of GNEISENAU.
CB.404 reports that results were not observed due to A.A. and searchlight activity, hazy conditions.
CB.405 dropped bombs in one stick. Three explosions observed on leaving target, also small fires. One 500lbs. N.D.T. dropped on WILHELMSHAVEN Aerodrome. Results unobserved.
CB.415 reports that results were not observed owing to cloud and gun flashes.
Bombs were seen by CB.416 to burst on target. One large explosion and a fire started.
CB.420 reports bomb flashes in middle of dock at ANTWERP.
CB421 dropped three 250lbs. N.D.T. on fire in neighbourhood of target, but results unobserved.
CB.422 reports that end of stick fell on aerodrome. Two fires started south of target.
CB.432 reports that primary target was obscured by heavy cloud. Attack was made on Z.110 at GHENT. Bombs observed to burst, and incendiaries started fires on west side of the aerodrome.
Three white flashing beacons observed near HAAMSEDE. Fires observed probably ANTWERP and OSTEND. White beacon flashing “M” at GILZENKIRCHEN target.
A medium amount of heavy flak was experienced. This was fairly accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
Nine enemy aircraft were seen West of ANTWERP. Weather was clear over target areas. Cloud over North Sea and Dutch Coast.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, Q.D.M’s W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2736 AA-A
Raid No. CB.405 Wilhelmshaven

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
Sgt. Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Mylod,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:35 – Landed 22:55
Flight Time 05:20

08/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.487 and A.70
Eight Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets.
A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. Delayed action, 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
RCP.164 dropped bombs in one stick from West to East and bursts observed in eastern sector of town and on marshalling yards. Fires were started by incendiaries on Western boundary of town and on Eastern boundary of marshalling yards.
RCP.189 dropped bombs on target from 11,000 feet. Fires observed from incendiaries and small explosions resulted.
RCP.336 dropped one stick from East to West on Marshalling Yard, resulting in a row of large fires from which sixteen explosions of different colours were observed burning for 60 miles after leaving target.
RCP.415 reports fires and explosions in target area.
RCP.435 reports that high explosives and incendiaries were seen to burst on aerodrome. Incendiaries started two medium fires which burnt with red flames.
RCP.545 reports fires and explosions in target. Fires also observed from previous attack.
S/Ldr, Bain reports direct hits on track and sheds. Extensive fires and continuous explosions seen after leaving target, visible for 30 mins on return journey. Attacked form 3000 feet.
P/O Hankins released bombs in one stick on Eastern end of target. Bursts observed in target area and fires started by incendiaries. Still burning after leaving target.
Two illuminated flarepaths observed in vicinity of BRUGES AERODROME. Dimly illuminated flarepath observed two miles S.S.E. MANNHEIM. Convoy sighted off East Coast steaming North East, position 52° 10N, 01°50E. Challenged and fired at immediately. Firing ceased on showing colour of period.
Intense medium and heavy A.A. fire on route between MANNHEIM and MUNICH. Very intense medium flak with heavy flak at MUNICH.
Searchlights were fairly numerous and accurate in all areas.
A few enemy aircraft were seen in various parts of route. Weather was good, apart from haze over English Coast on return.
Navigation was by D/R map reading, Astro, Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2550 AA-L
Raid No. RCP.189 M.487

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
F/O Palmer,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:35 – Landed 01:40
Flight Time 08:05

11/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Target A.70 and A.71.
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the targets above. The bomb load carried consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
TRM.113 failed to locate primary target owing to 10/10 cloud, but an attack was made on aerodrome at FLUSHING. Bombs seen to burst between flarepath and eastern boundary, but owing to high winds, incendiaries undershot aerodrome.
TRM.364 reports that no bombs were seen to burst.
TRM.372 reports bombs were seen to explode in target area. Fires and explosions started.
TRM.385 failed to attack primary target owing to 10/10 cloud. Target attacked believed to have been marshalling yards at MUNSTER. A long fire was started beside one which was already burning.
TRM.394 dropped one stick from 13,000 feet. Actual target not identified. Bomb flashes seen through cloud.
P/O. Morton reports bombs dropped in target area, one 500lbs. N.D.T., 1 S.B.C. Remainder hung up. Fifteen explosions observed from incendiaries for 20 mins after bombing. One 500lbs. N.D.T. dropped on WESEL AERODROME. Explosion but no results observed.
P/O Humphreys reports operations abandoned at Dutch Coast owing to rear guns being unserviceable.
Sgt. Jones reports bombs seen to burst, causing large fire. Two explosions seen on leaving; white flames.
Three rows of red lights forming N.W. & S. side of a square seen flashing on occasionally, attended by an intermittent vertical searchlight beam – four miles N.E. HAGUE. Red , changing to green, beacon north of IJMUIDEN on coast.
There was very little A.A. fire except at MUNSTER where intense and accurate heavy flak was experienced.
Moderate searchlight activity in all parts of target areas.
TRM.385 reports that one M.E. dived on him, but did not open fire.
Heavy cloud was experienced in parts of target areas, with severe electrical storms and icing.
Navigation was by D/R, HF/DF, W/T, and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2736 AA-A
Raid No. TRM.137 A.70

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O Herbert Douglas Newman, RAF/ RNZAF 36271/ NZ2508 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 01:40 – Landed 06:00
Flight Time 04:20

29/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.138 and M.66
Six Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
KWN.108 reports bombs seen to burst around target, but results not clearly seen due to ground haze.
No results were observed by KWN.157.
KWN.178 dropped bombs in one stick and three bursts and incendiaries seen to fall in docks on western bank of river South of railway and road bridges. Large fires observed burning after leaving.
KWN.234 bombed south bridge over Rhine ay COLOGNE. Results were unobserved. One S.B.C. was dropped on aerodrome in area on return. No fires started.
KWN.240 failed to locate primary target owing to thick ground mist. Attacked flarepath one and a half miles East of KOLN. Bursts observed in vicinity of flarepath.
KWN.955 was unable to release bombs through either technical failure or freezing. Red lights observed on ground believed to be working in co-operation with searchlights and fighter aircraft.
A.A. fire was active and fairly accurate in target areas.
Numerous clusters of searchlights over entire route which were switched on after signals from red lights mentioned above. Searchlights only indicated direction of aircraft and did not attempt to locate it. Moderately active in other parts.
A number of enemy aircraft were observed, but not engaged. Cloud was experienced at various parts of route. Target areas fairly clear.
Navigation was by D/R, W/T, MF/DF, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2550 AA-L
Raid No. KWN.234 M.138

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O George Ronald Simich, RNZAF NZ391369 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:00 – Landed 21:05
Flight Time 02:05

06/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Area 1, Area 2, Area 3.
Thirteen Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above targets.
AGN.260 failed to locate the target and jettisoned bombs.
AGN.614 and AGN.967 also failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 250lbs. D/A and N.D.T., containers of 40lbs. G.P., and containers of light case incendiaries.
AGN.159 failed to observe results owing to low cloud.
AGN.375 reports bombs dropped on aerodromes at ABBEYVILLE, NANTES, LES MEEREAUX, and EVEREAUX. Bursts were observed.
AGN.557 reports VILLACOMBLEY AERODROME bombed with one container of incendiaries. Hangar seen burning, and also one fire seen near hangar. Two 250lbs. N.D.T. dropped on GLISY AERODROME, but results were unobserved. Six 250 lbs. N.D.T., 2 S.B.C. 40lbs., and one S.B.C. incendiaries dropped on CALAIS DOCKS, but results were unobserved.
AGN.574 bombed CHATEAU D’UN and bursts were seen on Flarepath. Bombs were dropped on BOULGNE DOCKS bit owing to searchlight activity, no results were observed.
AGN.595 dropped bombs on VILLACOUBLEY AERODROME.
AGN.659 attacked VILLACOUBLEY and ORLAY, and bombs were seen to burst across flarepaths of aerodromes. Big explosions seen by rear gunner at ORLAY.
AGN.764 bombed TOURS aerodrome. Bursts were seen followed by a series of explosions.
AGN.769 reports hits on hangars at CHARTRES, CHATEAU D’UN, and large clouds of smoke and debris were seen with fires burning in each case. Two bombs were dropped on CALAIS DOCKS and caused a fire which persisted after leaving.
AGN.856 bombed RPYE AERODROME and DUNKIRK, and fires were left at both places.
F/Lt. Gilbert reports that results were not observed owing to searchlight and light flak activity, but one fire was seen on N.W. corner of inner basin at CALAIS.
Many dummy flarepaths were seen. The blackout in Paris and suburbs was very poor.
Intense A.A. fire was experienced in parts of target area.
Intense and accurate searchlight activity was encountered at parts of route.
A number of enemy aircraft were seen, but no attacks made.
Heavy cloud, with icing conditions, was experienced in some parts of target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, landfalls, map reading, W/T, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2550 AA-L
Raid No. AGN.557 Area 3 (Villacoubler, Gilsy Calais docks attacked as secondary target)

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O George Ronald Simich, RNZAF NZ391369 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:15 – Landed 05:15
Flight Time 06:00

09/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target CC.26
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. The bomb load was a mixed one and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., containers of incendiaries, while MS.342 carried one flash bomb.
MSW.112 dropped bombs in one stick on dicks on west side of harbour, but results were unobserved.
MSW.155 observed bomb bursts on S.W. of dock area. Fires from incendiaries followed by explosions in same area.
MSW.226 dropped bombs in stick. Three bursts observed and some incendiaries seen burning on West side of river in main dock area abreast of two 150 ton cranes and about 30-60yds from water front and between “Y” shaped dry dock and lower of two bridges.
MSW.296 failed to observe results which were indistinguishable from flak fire.
MSW.342 dropped bombs in stick from railway bridge towards estuary.
MSW.487 dropped bombs in one stick from 12000 feet. Bursts were observed followed by explosions in target area.
MSW.577 saw bombs burst in target area on South side of river followed by minor explosions and one large after five mins.
MSW.704 reports explosions in target area.
Dummy fires and explosions were seen on marshland 10 miles east of LORIENT. MSW.112 encountered two balloons at 11,200 and three at 11,000 feet over harbour itself. Flak ships observed in harbour approaches.
A moderate amount of light, medium, and heavy flak was experienced at parts of target areas, but this was not very accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
The weather was clear over target area, but cloud was experienced on return journey.
Navigation was by D/R, D/F, Q.D.M’s, and map reading.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2736 AA-A
Raid No. MSW.112 CC.26

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O George Ronald Simich, RNZAF NZ391369 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:30 – Landed 23:30
Flight Time 06:00

13/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target N.62
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
MSC.125 failed to observe results owing to 10/10 cloud, 6000-7000 feet.
MSC.175 dropped bombs over target area, but results were not observed owing to cloud.
Except for reflection of fires seen on clouds, results were unobserved by MSC.361.
MXC.428 failed to locate primary target but bombed flak emplacement at BREMEN.
MSC.795 dropped bombs in one stick over BREMEN.
It was impossible to pinpoint position of bursts due to complete cloud cover.
MSC.868 failed to observe results owing to cloud.
S/L. Bain reports bombs straddled hangars at SCHIPOL, causing fires which spread after two or three mins. Three large explosions occurred.
P/O. Morton bombed target through 10/10 cloud.
A number of ships were seen at sea at various parts of route.
Three ships at berths at ENKHUISEN.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire was experienced over target area. Very little activity elsewhere.
Searchlights were ineffective over target area due to cloud. Many, very effective, over AMSTERDAM.
A number of enemy aircraft were seen at various parts of route, but no attacks were made.
Heavy cloud was experienced over almost whole of route and in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, Q.D.M’s and D/F.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2550 AA-L
Raid No. MSC.- N.62

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O George Ronald Simich, RNZAF NZ391369 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off – – Landed –
Flight Time –

16/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G.30, M.68, and Frankfurt
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was a mixed one and consisted of 1000lbs., N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
FXP.270 failed to locate primary target but bombed marshalling yards and goods train N.W. suburbs of BERLIN. Fires started and two large explosions observed from trucks.
FXP.340 reports direct hit by 1000lbs. bomb on jetty at BREMEN DOCKS. Terrific explosion seen.
FXP.357 dropped bombs on marshalling yards and buildings at CHARLOTTENBURG. Bursts observed followed by series of minor explosions. Two large fires observed after turning to course for return trip.
FXP.616 reports bombs burst across target causing numerous fires and explosions.
FXP.653 reports bursts and incendiary fires seen in dock areas.
FXP.724 reports three large fires with four explosions and smaller fires caused by incendiaries.
FXP.792 reports bombs seen to explode in target area causing small fires.
FXP.877 dropped bombs in target area. Fires and explosions were observed.
Three large fires were observed in woods N.W. and W.N.W. of BERLIN. Several small ships seen at berths in CHERBOURG harbour. A.A. emplacement seen on breakwater and in dock area.
There was a fair amount of accurate heavy and light flak in target area and on route.
Searchlights were moderately active on route and in target areas.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Weather was good over target areas, but heavy cloud was experienced at many parts of route.
Navigation was by D/R. Q.D.M’s and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2550 AA-L
Raid No. FXP.270 Berlin railway (marshalling yards attacked as secondary target)
P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O George Ronald Simich, RNZAF NZ391369 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:30 – Landed 07:35
Flight Time 07:05

22/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against targets D.55 and Flushing
Twelve Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft,DMU.692, captained SGT. Chuter, failed to return. DMU.936 failed to locate target and bombs were bought back. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T. and delayed action, 250lbs. delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
DMU.288 reports explosions and fires seen, but damage was unobserved.
DMU.303 reports numerous fires started by incendiaries in target area. Two other bomb loads dropped near by.
DMU.444 reports 1000lbs. bomb seen to land on or very near railway. Incendiary bombs not dropped.
DMU.494 reports several large fires caused, still burning when area was left.
DMU.515 dropped bombs on south perimeter of target along railway. Small fires started. Several large white explosions 3-5 mins after leaving target.
DMU.588 reports bombs and incendiaries seen to burst in the target area. Two fires persisting from the incendiaries, and one large fire, visible 17 mins after leaving, from the bomb bursts obscured in cloud after this time.
DMU.738 reports centre of town bombed and a large fire observed with six white explosions some minutes afterwards.
DMU.781 dropped bombs in two sticks over city causing one large line of fires quarter of a mile long. From these fires 15 to 20 large explosions were observed.
DMU.804 failed to locate target owing to low cloud, but bombed an aerodrome in France, RHEIMS AREA. Seven fires started. Six large explosions five mins later, presumably aircraft.
DMU.943 reports bombs seen to burst in target area amongst other fires, causing explosions.
Several flarepaths were observed at various parts of route. Large dummy town 30 miles S.E. of MANNHEIM and dummy fire seen in middle of town. Blackout very bad over ANTWERP and Belgium. Much snow in Germany.
Fairly intense A.A. fire experienced over MANNHEIM. Very little experienced elsewhere.
There was not much searchlight activity.
DMU.804 reports being attacked by one ME.110 five mins. after bombing. This machine was hit but not brought down (60 rounds fired by front gunner).
Low cloud was experienced at various parts and target areas.
Navigation was by D/R. W/T.Q.D.M’s, and astro.

Wellington Mk.1c R.1038 AA-H
Raid No. DMU.804 D.55 (Aerodrome, Rheims attacked as secondary target)

P/O John Edward Stewart Morton, RAF 36245 – Pilot.
P/O George Ronald Simich, RNZAF NZ391369 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Alexander Stuart Anderson, RNZAF NZ391873 – Observer.
Sgt. H.G. Campbell, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Brown, RAF – Front Gunner.
P/O Greenaway,   – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 16:50 – Landed 22:55
Flight Time 06:05