J.L. Wright crew (2nd Tour)

The Wright crew on Jack’s second tour with 75(NZ) Squadron as Commander of “A” Flight.
L-R: P/O Maurice Parker DFC (air bomber), unknown, unknown, S/L Jack Wright (skipper) centre, F/O “Johnny” Johnstone  (navigator), unknown, unknown.
NZ Bomber Command Assn. archives, Jack Wright collection.

05/12/1944 – Attack Against Hamm Marshalling Yards
Twenty one aircraft set out as detailed to attack the Railway Marshalling Yards at Hamm during daylight, carrying 8,000 lb H.C., 4,000 H.C., 500 G.P., 500 G.P. (LD.), 500 M.C., 4 lb I.B. bombs and Munroe bomb.  Twenty aircraft attacked the target area through 10/10 cloud but a break in the cloud a little later disclosed bomb bursts to be rather scattered.  One aircraft was led astray by the leader, and bombed a last resort target at Heintrop.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J 

F/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
F/L C. Williams, RAFVR  – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator .
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 09:07 – Landed 13:59
Flight Time 04:52

11/12/1944 – Attack Against Osterfeld
Seventeen aircraft attacked Osterfeld carrying 4,000 H.C., 1,000 ANM., 500 G.P., 500 G.P. (L.D.), 500 M.C. and Munro Bombs.  No results were seen owing to 10/10 cloud over the target.  Slight flak was the only opposition encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I PB763 AA-A 

F/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
F/L C. Williams, RAFVR  – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator .
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 08:51 – Landed 13:01
Flight Time 04:10

27/12/1944 – Attack Against Rheydt
As many crews as possible were required for an attack on Cologne.  The target was cancelled and an attack on Rheydt was substituted.  Inexperienced and special equipment leaders not being required the offer of 26 was reduced to 20.  Aircraft took off carrying 1,000 ANM., 500 ANM., 500 M.C. and 250 G.P. Bombs.  Visibility over the target was excellent and crews were able to identify the target, the flares being accurately placed.  Clouds of smoke were seen to rise from the target.  One aircraft AA”Q” captained by NZ421746 F/O H. Miles failed to return.  This aircraft was seen to be hit by bombs and to spiral down.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
F/L C. Williams, RAFVR  – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator .
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 12:24 – Landed 17:00
Flight Time 04:36

29/12/1944 – Attack Against Coblenz (Lutzel Marshalling Yard)
Nine aircraft were detailed for an attack on the Coblenz Marshalling Yard carrying 4,000 H.C., 1,000 ANM., 1,000 M.C., 500 ANM., 250 G.P. bombs.  All attacked the target in good visibility and a fair concentration on the Marshalling Yard was reported.  There was considerable scatter, probably due to special equipment trouble.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J 
Hit by flak once

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
F/L C. Williams, RAFVR  – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator .
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 12:05 – Landed 17:08
Flight Time 05:03

01/01/1945 – Attack Against Vohwinkel
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Vohwinkel, in datlight. Nineteen aircraft took off, seventeen of which attacked the primary target. F/O McMillan attacked a last resort target. NZ40984 W/Cdr. R.J. Newton and NZ429286 P/O R. Aitchison as second pilot, failed to return. There was very little opposition in the target area.

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-D 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
F/L C. Williams, RAFVR  – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
S William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 15:57 – Landed 22:00
Flight Time 06:03

02/01/1945 – Attack Against Nurnburg
Eight out of nine aircraft attacked Nurnburg as detailed, carrying 4,000 H.C., 2,000 H.C., 500 M.C., 500G.P., 500Cluster No. 15 and Munro bombs. NZ403980 F/L K. McMillan in ‘U’, returned early owing to engine trouble. A good attack was reported and visibility was good. Crews reported a large explosion, Fires were seen 100 miles away.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-P 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
F/L C. Williams, RAFVR  – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 15:15 – Landed 22:57
Flight Time 07:42

22/01/1945 – Attack Against Duisburg
Fifteen aircraft attacked Duisburg carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 G.P. (I.D) 250 G.P. and Munro bombs.Visibility was good. Crews saw the Rhine. Fires and explosions were seen coming from a concentrated area. A successful attack was reported. No opposition encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I HK573 AA-H 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot. F/O Wallace Bassett Martin, RAAF AUS.424429 – 2nd Pilot.
F/S Eric Thomas Coulson, RNZAF NZ429310 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 17:19 – Landed 21:49
Flight Time 04:30

01/02/1945 – Attack Against Munchen Gladbach
Seventeen aircraft bomber Munchen Gladbach. No results were observed owing to cloud being ten tenths over the target.

Lancaster Mk.I LM266 AA-F “The Seven Sinners”

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
P/O Percival McDowell  Johnstone, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Campbell, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 12:37 – Landed 18:28
Flight Time 05:51

03/02/1945 – Attack Against Dortmund
Sixteen aircraft attacked Dortmund in clear weather, carrying 4,000HC 500MC, 500ANM, 250 G.P and Munro bombs. Bombing was very accurate and fires were going well when aircraft left the target. One large explosion was seen. Searchlights were numerous in the target area, but flak was negligible. Fighters were active. AA”M” captained by S/L J.L. Wright, had three combats and claims one M.E. 110 destroyed. JN”X” captained by F/O R.B.Crawford crashed on landing, fortunately there were no fatal casualties among the crew. Four were taken to hospital.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
P/O Percival McDowell  Johnstone, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 16:34 – Landed 22:24
Flight Time 05:50

02/03/1945 – Attack Against Cologne
Twenty aircraft were detailed to attack Cologne. No aircraft bombed owing to special equipment failure. Three aircraft jettisoned due to flak damage to engines, the remainder bringing their bombs back. F/O Woodcock was wounded in the neck and his engineer F/Sgt. Gibb in the legs but landed safely at base.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 DNC AA-D 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
P/O Percival McDowell  Johnstone, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 13:19 – Landed 18:25
Flight Time 05:06

06/03/1945 – Attack Against Salzbergen
Sixteen aircraft attacked Salzbergen in 10/10ths cloud up to 11,000ft. with nil clouds below. The formation was well packed over the target and released simultaneously. A slight upheaval of the cloud a minute later was all that could be seen. Slight H/F was the only opposition.

Lancaster Mk.I LM266 AA-F “The Seven Sinners”

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
P/O Percival McDowell  Johnstone, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
W/O Roderick Adrian Powell, RAFVR 1626025 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 08:32 – Landed 14:16
Flight Time 05:44

07/03/1945 – Attack Against Dessau
Thirteen aircraft attacked Dessau as ordered. Aircraft bombed in 10/10ths haze and thin cloud. Crews were given instructions by M/B to bomb on Skymarkers but some were able to make out T.I’s and in two cases identify the street. Fires were burning over a wide area when aircraft left the target. Flak practically nil in target area. Some E/A were seen and AA”S” F/L Spilman had a short inconclusive encounter. A satisfactory operation.

Lancaster Mk.I PB763 AA-A 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot. F/S Robin James Hamilton, RNZAF NZ404136 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Percival McDowell  Johnstone, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
W/O Robert John Torbitt, RAFVR 1033159 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 17:29 – Landed 02:08
Flight Time 08:39

12/03/1945 – Attack Against Dortmund
Dortmund was the target for twenty one aircraft. Flak was slight to moderate, cloud 10/10ths with tops 5/6000ft. Aircraft report good results Smoke was already pushing through cloud when aircraft left. Bombing was well concentrated.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-D 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
P/O Percival McDowell  Johnstone, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O Roy de Wilmot Tully, RAFVR 175537 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 13:18 – Landed 19:05
Flight Time 05:47

21/03/1945 – Attack Against Munster Viaduct
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack the Muster Viaduct. There was hardly any cloud over the target. It is thought that the concentration was good although the formation was broken up just prior to bombing. Three aircraft failed to return from this operation – AA”T”, NZ42451 F/L J. Plummer, AA”R” NZ429139 P/O A. Brown and JN”P” 190947 P/O D.S. Barr. All three aircraft were seen to hit in the target area. Considerable H/F was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I RF190 AA-F 

S/L John ‘Jack’ Leonard Wright, RNZAF NZ405781 – Pilot.     
P/O Percival McDowell  Johnstone, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
P/O Maurice Edward Parker, RNZAF NZ414332 – Air Bomber.
P/O William Lachlan Wilson, RNZAF NZ41117 – Wireless Operator.
F/O John Henry Morgan, RAFVR 1131866, 157630 – Flight Engineer.
W/O T.R. Kemp, RAFVR 1412409 – Mid Upper Gunner.
W/O Robert John Torbitt, RAFVR 1033159 – Rear Gunner.
 
Take Off 09:43 – Landed 15:15
Flight Time 05:32