J. Plummer crew 25.8.44 †

Plummer crew Ron Baker Collection NZBCA archive cntcpd

The Plummer crew. Stood second from left, Jack Plummer (Pilot). Other individuals to be identified. Image from Ron Baker Collection, NZBCA Archive.

The fledgling Plummer crew formed  at No.11 Operational Training Unit on the 4th of April 1944, before moving onto 1651 Conversion Unit on the 22nd of June. The complete crew then arrived at No.3 Lancaster Finishing School at Feltwell on the 8th of August, before arriving at Mepal on the 12th of August.

Jack Plummer flew one ‘2nd Dickie’ Op with Ralph Brumwell on the 16th of August, before taking his own crew to Russelsheim on the 25th.

 

16/08/1944 – Attack Against Stettin
Twenty three aircraft took off as detailed to attack Stettin. Twenty two were successful in attacking the target with the aid of markers, but the raid appeared scattered and no great concentration of fires was achieved. Slight A.A. fire was encountered in the target area and a few fighters were met en route, two aircraft having inconclusive combats. One aircraft returned early with icing trouble.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M Mother

F/O Ralph William Brumwell, RAFVR 127140 – Pilot.
F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – 2nd Pilot.
F/S C. Busfield,   – Navigator.
F/S R. Ruane,   – Air Bomber.
F/S E. Armitage,   – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. J. Nelson,   – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. A. Limmage,   – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S C. Arthur,   – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 05:40
Flight Time 08:40

25/08/1944 – Attack Against Russelsheim
Twenty eight aircraft took off as detailed to attack Russelsheim. Of these twenty five attacked the primary target and reported a good concentrated raid. A.A. opposition was slight, but enemy aircraft were active and one of our aircraft had two inconclusive combats. Another was unable to identify the target and jettisoned its load. A further one was caught in searchlights over the target and during evasive action lost both ailerons. This aircraft was captained by NZ424504 .F/S. O’Callaghan, E. The navigator 958564 .F/S. Hartley, R., kept the aircraft on track on the return journey even though his instruments were unserviceable and his chart lost. Two aircraft failed to return, they were captained by NZ422382 .F/O. J. Fleming and NZ421345 .F/S. Barker, R.

Lancaster Mk.I HK596 AA-O Oboe

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:24 – Landed 04:22
Flight Time 07:58

26/08/1944 – Attack Against Kiel
Twenty out of the twenty one aircraft detailed, took off and participated in a very concentrated raid against Kiel. Several crews were able to identify the target visually and confirm the accuracy of the bombing. Heavy A.A. fire was moderate and a few of our aircraft suffered slight damage. The aircraft captained by NZ421343 .A/F/L. V. Andrew, was hit by A.A. fire over the target causing serious leg injuries to the MU/Gnr. 1862898 .Sgt. Molony, M. and damage to the Mid upper turret and fuselage.

Lancaster Mk.I HK596 AA-O Oboe

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:18 – Landed 01:57
Flight Time 05:39

29/08/1944 – Attack Against Stettin
Fourteen aircraft took off as detailed to attack Stettin and thirteen of these successfully bombed the target with the aid of markers. A good concentration of fires developed and all crews reported a successful raid. A.A. opposition was moderate and enemy fighters were active on the outward route. Three of our aircraft had combats, two being inconclusive but the third (Captain NZ428797 .P/O. J. Scott) claimed one enemy aircraft as probably destroyed. The aircraft captained by 1323677 .F/S. King, D., failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I ME752 AA-E

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 06:45
Flight Time 09:25

10/09/1944 – Attack Against Montivilliers
Twenty seven aircraft attacked Montivilliers in the Le Havre area, as detailed. All crews dropped their bombs on the target and a very concentrated raid developed. No fighters were encountered and only slight opposition was met from ground defences.

Lancaster Mk.III HK753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:19 – Landed 19:04
Flight Time 03:45

11/09/1944 – Mining in the Baltic Sea
Eight aircraft were detailed to lay mines in the Baltic area, and they all dropped their mines as ordered. No opposition was met on the mining area, but fighters were thought to be active on the homeward route, and one aircraft had an inconclusive combat with a JU.88. Another aircraft (Captain NZ426041 F/O. W. Hadley) failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:37 – Landed 03:16
Flight Time 07:39

12/09/1944 – Attack Against Frankfurt
Twenty two aircraft were detailed to attack Stuttgart, but during the day the target was changed to Frankfurt. Two aircraft failed to take off for this operation and of the twenty that took off the majority were able to identify the target, by the river and several made out the railway yards. Fighters were fairly active and one aircraft claimed to have destroyed an enemy aircraft, the captain was AUS421308 .F/O. J. Bateman. Another aircraft had an inconclusive encounter. All aircraft returned to base and reported a good and accurate raid.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:51 – Landed 15:40
Flight Time 20:49

17/09/1944 – Attack Against Boulogne
In the morning fourteen aircraft took off to attack Boulogne. Crews were able to identify landmarks and bombing was accurate, although much smoke hid results. The aircraft captained by NZ411397 A/S/L. G. Gunn was severely damaged by light flak, but he managed to fly back across the Channel even though both starboard engines were feathered. On landing at Hawkinge, however, the aircraft overshot the small runway and crashed. The Captain received injuries and was placed on the Dangerously Ill List, the Navigator 153453 F/O F. Smith was slightly injured, the Air Bomber NZ428249 F/O A Millar was placed on the Seriously Ill List, the Flight Engineer 1566967 Sgt Bruce, J was killed, but the remainder of the crew were uninjured, they were WO/AIR 47714 F/L W Naismith, MU/Gnr NZ411708 F/O C. Robertson and R/Gnr NZ402519 F/O S. Haynes. All of those injured were admitted to Kent and Canterbury Hospital, Canterbury and the body of Sgt Bruce was sent to his next of kin for burial.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:15 – Landed 12:57
Flight Time 02:42

20/09/1944 – Attack Against Calais
Twenty seven aircraft set out as detailed to attack enemy strong points at Calais. They all successfully bombed the target from a low level and an accurate and concentrated raid was reported. Opposition was very slight.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N
Hit by flak once
F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 14:40 – Landed 17:40
Flight Time 03:00

25/09/1944 – Attack Against Calais
Twenty seven aircraft took off as detailed to carry out an early morning attack on Calais. They all reached the target and found that ten tenths cloud with 2,000 feet tops and less than 1,000 feet base obscured it. The operation, therefore, had to be abandoned.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:20 – Landed 11:20
Flight Time 03:00

26/09/1944 – Attack Against Cap Gris Nez
Eighteen aircraft took off as detailed to attack a defended locality near Cap Gris Nez. They all attacked the target from a low level and an accurate and concentrated raid was reported. Opposition was negligible.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:44 – Landed 14:07
Flight Time 02:23

04/10/1944 – Mining in the Kattegat Area
Five aircraft took off to lay mines in the Kattegat area. They all successfully dropped their mines in the allotted area in good weather. Apart from a little AA fire encountered from Flak ships all crews had an uneventful trip.

Lancaster Mk.I NN710 AA-Q

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:00 – Landed 00:50
Flight Time 07:50

06/10/1944 – Attack Against Dortmund
Twenty nine aircraft were detailed to attack Dortmund, but one of these was withdrawn owing to a technical failure. Twenty six aircraft attacked the target in good weather and a very accurate and concentrated raid was reported, large fires being left burning. A.A. Fire was moderate but fighters were active and the aircraft captained by NZ427798 F/S Farr, W. had a series of combats during which the enemy aircraft was claimed as being destroyed. One aircraft returned early and landed at Woodbridge owing to a technical failure and another (Captain NZ411048 F/O K. Southward) failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:40 – Landed 22:00
Flight Time 05:20

07/10/1944 – Attack Against Emmerich
Twenty six aircraft took off as detailed to attack Emmerich in support of the advancing Allied armies. They all bombed the target successfully and a concentrated and accurate raid was reported, the target area being entirely covered with smoke. Moderate heavy A A fire was encountered and a few of our aircraft suffered minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:15 – Landed 16:25
Flight Time 04:10

14/10/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg
Thirty one aircraft took off at dawn to attack Duisburg. Except for one aircraft which returned early, they all dropped their bombs in the built up areas of the town, which was identified visually and with the aid of markers. A moderate heavy A A barrage was encountered from the target area and a few of our aircraft suffered minor damage. One aircraft was damaged in the bomb bay which necessitated it landing at Woodbridge on return

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N
hit by flak 5 times
F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 07:00 – Landed 11:00
Flight Time 04:00

14/10/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg(2)
Twenty nine aircraft were detailed to make a further attack on Duisburg, unfortunately, however, three aircraft had to be withdrawn. One aircraft returned early owing to the rear turret being unserviceable. The remaining twenty five aircraft took part in a very successful attack in excellent visibility and large fires were seen to break out and add to those already burning from the morning attack. AA opposition was negligible and searchlight did not operate until late in the raid. One aircraft had an inconclusive combat with an enemy fighter.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/O Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:45 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 04:45

Astonishingly, the Op diary entry for this raid makes no mention of the events that unfolded for the Plummer crew on the night of the 14th of October……..

paper headline

Column headline from the (Wellington) Evening Post, 22nd December 1944

One of the most remarkable feats of flying in No. 75 Squadron’s long and now famous history was recently performed by Flight Lieutenant J. Plummer (Wellington). During a raid on Duisburg flak blew away the nose of his aircraft, including all the perspex in front and behind Flight Lieutenant Plummer. Yet he flew the Lancaster for three and a half hours back to base with his left hand frozen on the control. His fingers had to be prised off when he landed. This is what happened: With his crew, comprising Fiying Officers J. Holloway (Auckland) and R. J. Scott (Dunedin) and Flight Sergeants A. M. Macdonald (Dunedin) and A. L. Humphries (Mataura), also an Australian and an Englishman, he had just dropped his bombs on Duisburg when the nose of his aircraft was hit by heavy predicted flak. The Lancaster was at 22,500 ft, and the temperature was 25 degrees below Centigrade freezing level.

MADE A WIND TUNNEL.
The effect of the nose disappearing was to transform the aircraft into something like a wind tunnel. The bomb-aimer and another member of the crew were immediately blown 25 feet towards the tail of the aircraft, and all the navigational aids and blackout curtains were ripped away by  the icy blast. With great presence of mind, Flight Lieutenant Plummer realised that it was imperative to reach a lower, warmer level. He put the Lancaster into a 300 miles an hour dive, and descended 20,000 feet at that speed. The force of the wind nearly ripped him from his seat, only his harness straps holding him in position, and at times he was actually suspended over his chair. Within from three to five seconds his left hand had frozen to the control column. Two fingers of his right hand were also bent and frozen—he had not been wearing gloves, since the temperature in the cockpit had previously been warm. That flight to England was sheer misery. Plummer’s face and hands were frost-bitten by the icy gale. He cried with the pain, but he was determined to get the bomber home.

UNABLE TO REACH HIM.
The crew was unable to reach him because of the force of the wind, and he had to fly the Lancaster with the muscles of his left arm while an added complication was the attention of the German’ flak posts. He had no feeling in his hands and he realised that he must be given help to work the flaps of the undercarriage and pitch controls in order to land. So Holloway and Humphries, lying down on their sides one behind the other, pushed the English engineer into a position where he could reach these controls, and Plummer made a perfect landing. His report on entering Wing Commander Leslie’s room was a masterpiece of understatement. “My hands are a bit cold, sir,” he said, and added: “But I am going to fly tomorrow.” Plummer did not fly “tomorrow,” and he has not flown since. He spent 12 days in bed with his hands strapped above him, lying in front of an open window and with ether painted on his hands to keep his body temperature down.

HELD IN HIGH REGARD.
Even several days after that he had to walk about with his hands up and later receive massage by putting hands in water through which an electric current was passing. He has now practically recovered and is held in the highest regard by the entire squadron. Squadron Leader N. Williamson, D.F.C. (Gisborne), who recently completed his second- tour, said: “I would not have taken that aircraft round the field for five minutes on a hot summers day” Everyone is hoping that Plummer will soon be decorated for his courage and determination.

For this act of astonishing bravery, F/O Plummer was given the immediate award of a Distinguished Flying Cross. The D.F.C. citation read as follows:

“This officer has completed numerous sorties including a number of attacks on well defended targets in Germany, and has invariably displayed the highest standard of determination in the execution of his allotted tasks. On one occasion on October, 1944, he was pilot and captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Duisburg. Shortly after the bombs had been released the aircraft was hit in the nose by a high explosive shell. The in-rush of air through the shattered windscreen caused great physical distress to the pilot. His hands became frozen and it was with the greatest difficulty that he was able to use them. Nevertheless he held doggedly to his task. In most painful and distressing conditions this officer displayed exceptional fortitude and determination.”

 

09/02/1945 – Attack Against Hohenbudburg
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Lutskendorf, but the target was changed during the afternoon to Hohenbudburg. This operation was carried out in 8/10th cloud with tops about 10,000. Flak was slight to moderate and S/L effective. A scattered raid was reported.

Lancaster Mk.I HK576 AA-G

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
P/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Robert William ‘Bobby’ West, RAFVR 1077746 /195545 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 03:52 – Landed 08:27
Flight Time 04:35

13/02/1945 – Attack Against Dresden
Twenty aircraft attacked Dresden as detailed. Very slight H/F was only opposition. The first aircraft over the target reported thin cloud which had cleared for later aircraft. Some aircraft were able to bomb visually. Crews reported the whole town was well alight and could see the glow of fires 100 miles away on return A highly successful raid.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
W/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Robert William ‘Bobby’ West, RAFVR 1077746 /195545 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:10 – Landed 07:06
Flight Time 08:56

14/02/1945 – Attack Against Chemnitz
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Chemnitz. Nineteen attacked primary. AA”J” F/O R.J. Pearson, returned early through engine failiure. Cloud was ten tenths with tops 16-17000 over the target. Aircraft bombed with the aid of special equipment. No resilts were observed, very slight H/F was met over the target. AA”D”, captained by F/L G.S. Davies failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I ME450 AA-W

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
P/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
W/O Robert William ‘Bobby’ West, RAFVR 1077746 /195545 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:40 – Landed 04:35
Flight Time 07:55

18/02/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Twenty aircraft attacked Wesel. Twenty one were detailed but AA”R” F/S Scott, returned early through technical trouble. Aircraft bombed on special equipment in ten tenths cloud with tops about 10,000 ft. Leaders were satisfied it was a good raid. Very slight H/F was only opposition

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O   Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:49 – Landed 17:16
Flight Time 05:27

19/02/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Twenty one aitcraft were again detailed to attack Wesel. AA”J”, captained by F/S Lukins, B.L., returned early through engine trouble. Cloud was 1-10/10ths with some haze. A few crews were able to identify the river bend. Bombing appeared to be accurate. Very slight H/F was the only opposition.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
P/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O   Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:15 – Landed 18:42
Flight Time 05:27

23/02/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Sixteen aircraft attacked Gelsenkirchen as detailed. There was ten tenths thin cloud over the target with horizontal visibility between 500/ 1000 yds. Formation keeping was very difficult in these conditions, but crews reported quite a good bombing concentration on special equipment and leaders. Opposition from flak was very slight and no fighters were seen. F/S Barr, D. landed at Warboys.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:39 – Landed 17:03
Flight Time 05:24

25/02/1945 – Attack Against Kamen
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Kamen. Thin stratus cloud in layers covered the target area, but at times crews were able to make out the target and report a considerable white smoke followed by thick black smoke rising to a good height. Accurate H/F was experienced. AA”B” captained by F/S Klitscher is missing from this operation

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O   Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:31 – Landed 14:55
Flight Time 05:24

27/02/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Gelsenkirchen, carrying 4000 HC 500 ANM 500 MC bombs. NZ426904 F/O M.Adamson and NZ425292 F/L D.Sadgrove returned early through engine trouble. Cloud was ten tenths. Leaders met slight to moderate H/F. No results were seen.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:15 – Landed 16:25
Flight Time 05:10

28/02/1945 – Attack Against Nordstern (Gelsenkirchen)
Fifteen aircraft attacked Nordstern (Gelsenkirchen) as detailed carrying 1 x 8000 HC 4000 HC 500 ANM 500 GP bombs. Accurate slight H/F was met over the target. Cloud was ten tenths. No results were seen.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:04 – Landed 14:00
Flight Time 04:56

09/03/1945 – Attack Against Datteln
Twenty one aircraft attacked Datteln as detailed. A good concentration of aircraft and bombing reported. Cloud ten tenths. No opposition was encountered. A mushroom of smoke was seen penetrating cloud.

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-U

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:37 – Landed 15:49
Flight Time 05:12

10/03/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen Buer
Twenty one aircraft attacked Gelsenkirchen as detailed. Aircraft bombed in light formation and all bombs were dropped together. Cloud was ten tenths. Slight H/F was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-U

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:23 – Landed 17:22
Flight Time 04:59

12/03/1945 – Attack Against Dortmund
Dortmund was the target for twenty one aircraft. Flak was slight to moderate, cloud 10/10ths with tops 5/6000ft. Aircraft report good results Smoke was already pushing through cloud when aircraft left. Bombing was well concentrated.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:00 – Landed 18:46
Flight Time 05:46

14/03/1945 – Attack Against Heinrich Hutte
Twenty aircraft were detailed to attack the above target. Crews found the target covered with 10/10ths cloud. Formation was good though the target and bombs fell away together. Very accurate moderate H/F was met on the run in and over the target. F/Lt. E. Parsons in AA”E” failed to return. His aircraft was seen to be hit causing it to spiral into cloud. F/S McLernon landed at Woodbridge but returned to base the following day.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:30 – Landed 18:27
Flight Time 04:57

21/03/1945 – Attack Against Munster Viaduct
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack the Muster Viaduct. There was hardly any cloud over the target. It is thought that the concentration was good although the formation was broken up just prior to bombing. Three aircraft failed to return from this operation – AA”T”, NZ42451 F/L J. Plummer, AA”R” NZ429139 P/O A. Brown and JN”P” 190947 P/O D.S. Barr. All three aircraft were seen to be hit in the target area. Considerable H/F was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
P/O Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
P/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/169159 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Maurice O. Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Alexander Malcolm McDonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:45 – Landed –
Flight Time – missing

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T came under heavy AA fire over the target area and received hits in two engines, then began breaking up. Four of the crew were virtually thrown from the disintegrating aircraft and parachuted to safety, however all were captured as prisoners of war. Both Sgt Fell and F/S McDonald were badly injured. P/O Humphries implored the Germans to arrange medical treatment for them. They were sent to a semi-medical centre where they remained for a short period until the arrival of allied forces.

F/L Jack Plummer, RNZAF NZ42451 – Pilot.
Killed age 29.
Son of Horace Howell Plummer and Ethel Plummer, of Wellington City, New Zealand.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – 12. G. 10.

F/O Arthur Leonard ‘Tiny’ Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
P.o.W
Prisoner of War Number: 65026
Prison Camps: Stalag VIF and XIB
Date of return to United Kingdom: 11th of May 1945

F/O Edgar John Holloway, RNZAF NZ429923 – Air Bomber.
Killed age 29.
Son of John and Beatrice Holloway, of Hokitika, Westland, New Zealand; Husband of Margaret Catherine Holloway, of Christchurch, New Zealand.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – 12. G. 12.

F/O Joseph James ‘Joe’ Wakerley, RAFVR 1325219/ 169159 – Wireless Operator.
P.o.W
Prisoner of War Number: not known
Prison Camps: not known
Date of return to United Kingdom: not known

Sgt. Maurice Fell, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P.o.W
Prisoner of War Number: not known
Prison Camps: Stalag XIB

Survived break up of aircraft. Having baled out and landed in the Reichswald Forest he was set upon and beaten by German civilians, until being rescued by German Soldiers. Having been captured he was taken to Fallingbostel where his face was stitched by a Serbian Major – 16 stiches being given without anaesthetic. A gash to his hand, a broken ankle and jaw were not treated. It is not clear whether or which of these injuries were a result of his escape from the aircraft or his assault by the German civilians. Maurice was then interred in Stalag XIB and was liberated by the American Army. He was treated by Sir Archibald McIndoe subsequently on return to the UK, from the 25th of April 1945, firstly at RAF Hospital Wroughton and then to Cosford, Halton.

Date of return to United Kingdom: not known

F/O Russell James Scott, RNZAF NZ428984 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Killed age 23.
Son of Edward Russell Scott and of Gladys Victoria Scott (Nee Mcdowell), of Morington, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – 12. G. 11.

F/S Alexander Malcolm Macdonald, RNZAF NZ426070 – Rear Gunner.
Evader
Survived break up of aircraft, but suffered facial burns.
Date of return to United Kingdom: 7th of April 1945