M.A. Kilpatrick crew 28.10.44

The Kilpatrick crew. Back row from L to R: F/Sgt Jock Cattenach (A/B), Sgt Geoff Davenport (W/Op), F/Lt Mart Kilpatrick (Pilot), Sgt Ben Barton (F/E), Sgt Bob Olive (R/Gnr). Front row: F/Lt Ray Tait (Nav), Sgt Albert Haliday (Mu/Gnr)

F/O Martin Adam ‘Mart’ Kilpatrick NZ421919. Pilot

Mart Kilpatrick portrait and lanc compd

Citation DFC (Imm) (1 Mar 1945):
” As pilot and captain of aircraft this officer has participated in many sorties against enemy targets. He has at all times displayed the highest standard of devotion to duty and has invariably pressed home his attacks with the greatest vigour. In February, 1945, he took part in an attack against a target at Osterfeld. During the run-in Flight Lieutenan Kilpatrick’ s aircraft was hit in several places. The propeller of the port outer engine had to be feathered. The starboard inner engine also began to give trouble. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Kilpatrick maintained a straight run to execute a good attack which was proved by the photograph he secured. Soon after leaving the target the defective starboard engine has to be put out of action. The loss of engine power caused considerable loss of height but this resolute pilot flew to base and landed safely. Flight Lieutenant Kilpatrick set a splendid example of skill, coolness and devotion to duty throughout.”

Many thanks indeed to Mart Kilpartick’s daughter Val for supplying the following, fascinatiing biography of her Fathers time, pre-War, training, Operational career and post-War life.

Martin Adam ‘Mart’ Kilpatrick – Pilot.

PRE SERVICE BACKGROUND.
Martin Adam Kilpatrick was born at Bulls in the Manawatu on the 4th of November 1918 to Samual and Mary (nee Creaven) Kilpatrick. Samual (known as Sam) was at that time employed at the Bulls cheese factory. When Mart was 12 months old, Sam moved the family to Inglewood, the town of his birth, where he purchased a house and three acres of land on the Junction Road, just a mile outside the town, and with family settled he then bought a horse and cart and commenced business as a Wood and Coal Merchant, and General Cartage Contractor.

Mart attended St. Patrick’s Convent School until attaining his Proficiency Certificate at aged 14, and then, denied the chance to attend secondary school, the family business being in need of helping hands, he assisted his father for a year by working in the office. By this time the horse and cart had been sold on, and the business had grown to accommodate two trucks, so Mart, now 15 years of age sat and passed his driving test, then took to driving duties.

Mart continued driving for his father until November the 2nd 1940, when he entered camp for training with the Territorial Army Service. Training duration was for three months, served at Waverley and Wanganui, and duties for Mart still involved sitting behind the wheel of a truck, this time army style.

Following territorial service, Mart learnt to fly at the New Plymouth Aero Club, instruction being on Taylor Cub and Moth Minor aircraft. Mode of transport to and from flying lessons was by bicycle, 12 miles each Way. Altogether he completed 3.05 hours dual instruction, and 7.25 hours solo.

SERVICE DETAILS.
Armed with his Aero Club flying records, Mart attended an R.N.Z.A.F Pilot Training Selection Committee in New Plymouth, and was subsequently accepted for pilot training.

A condition of acceptance was that he attend evening classes in New Plymouth to study trigonometry, algebra and navigation, as well as take morse code instruction, which he was able to undertake in Inglewood. All were tasks he found extremely difficult due to his lack of secondary school education. All of the above requirements successfully fulfilled he received his call up notice, which came on Friday the 13th of February 1942.

Now however a major stumbling block, a medical examination detected an eye defect known as esophoria, a condition which causes the eye to focus too far outwards, and depending on the degree of deviation, could rule him out of flying training. With more tests needed Mart was sent to Rongatai Air Force Base, from where he would commute to the specialists in Wellington. Mart does not recall exactly how long he was at Rongatai, but what he does remember well, are the results of his tests, one pass and two failures, he was no longer eligible for pilot training.

One way or another however Mart would get into the air, even it wasn’t to be at the controls. He requested and was accepted for navigational training and posted to the Initial Training Wing at Rotorua. He studied hard, working until mid-night every night, and passed with an average of 79%, a good result.

Course over it was time for another medical, and the Medical Officer, on noting Mart’s civilian flying background inquired as to why he hadn’t gone for pilot training. Mart explained, after which the Medical Officer offered to do further tests, the result being that he could detect nothing wrong. He was cautious however, pointing out to Mart that his equipment was not sufficiently adequate to provide a conclusive result, so arranged for Mart to travel to Hamilton to see an eye specialist.

At the completion of this examination Mart asked the specialist what he had found, but was refused an answer, he was however given the sealed envelope containing the report to take back to base. After leaving the surgery Mart stopped at a tea room, ordered a pot of tea, and immediately set about steaming open the envelope. What he saw was all good, a two degree deviation, an acceptable level for pilot training.

And so November 30th 1942 saw Mart at Ashburton with two old Inglewood friends, Alan Scott and Peter Burson, flying training on Tiger Moth aircraft, and when that phase of training finished on the 27th of January 1943, all three volunteered and were accepted for further training in Canada.

They sailed from Auckland aboard the Matsonia, disembarking two weeks later in San Francisco, and from there travelled by train to Vancouver. From Vancouver they crossed the Canadian Rockies to a flying school in Brandon, Manitoba. Mart trained on Cessna Crane aircraft, one of only two New Zealanders on that particular course, which ran from the 24th of March 1943 to the 3rd of September 1943, and at course completion was awarded his wings and promoted to Pilot Officer.

The serious part over it was time for some leave. First they had a week in Winnipeg, and from there moved on to New York. Mart recalls being surprised at the volume of traffic encountered at 2 am in the morning, a far cry from little old Inglewood. They visited all the popular tourist spots, Statue of Liberty, boxer Jack Dempsy’s Bar, Empire State Building, Billy Diamond’s Horseshoe Night Club and rode on the Hudson River.

From New York it was back to Halifax in Canada to await embarkation to England. Halifax however was extremely over crowded with airmen awaiting passage, so Mart and about 30 others were sent to Taunten near Boston. Here, one of life’s strange little coincidences – hearing that a group of sailors were arriving in Boston they caught a bus to the forces club, and on entering Mart saw back on, a figure that looked vaguely familiar, and on approaching found himself face to face with fellow Inglewood-ite, Joe Kay.

Early in October Mart boarded the liner Queen Mary with 15,000 other troops, mainly Americans, and was lucky to be allocated a cabin with eight other New Zealand Officers. They crossed the Atlantic at 30 knots, zigzagging at night to avoid detection by submarines, and berthed at Greenock Scotland four days later. From Greenock they travelled by train to Brighton in Sussex, where they were billeted in the ‘Grand Hotel’, situated on the sea front.

Also at Brighton were two old Inglewood friends, Scott brothers Alan and Frank, and together, along with a mate of Frank’s, they set about exploring some of Brighton’s six hundred pubs. On one occasion they were at a dance at the Top Floor Complex when Mart became aware of a commotion by the piano, Frank and his mate, not liking the music being played had set fire to the music sheets. They all ended the evening at the Police Station, but as they were leaving for their units the following day were let off with a warning.

In November Mart was posted to Sidmouth in Devon on a months fitness course, plenty of cross-country runs and physical training. From there it was to Babdown Farm in Wiltshire, there flying Oxford aircraft, and in March it was on to No.1 Beam Approach School at Watchfield, again training on Oxfords.

In June he was posted to Oakleigh, a satelite base of Wescott, No.11 Operational Training Unit, training on Wellington Bombers, and when this phase of training finished Mart learned that he was to be posted to the Middle East.

Not at all impressed at this prospect, Mart went to RNZAF Headquarters in London where he made his feelings known, to be told that he had in fact, been ear-marked (by them) for 75(NZ) Squadron, news that was not accepted warmly by his Commanding Officer when he reported back…….

That problem out of the way, he was posted to a conversion unit at Chedburgh for training on Stirling Bombers, and then in October, on to No.3 Lancaster Finishing School at Feltwell in Norfolk, following which he joined the Squadron at Mepal in Cambridgeshire.

75(NZ) SQUADRON RAF, MEPAL, CAMBRIDGESHIRE

Skipper, Nav, B Aimer, Engineer, Wop

5 of the Kilpatrick crew.
Despite the ordering of the caption, the names from left to right should read: Ray Tait (Nav), Jock Cattenach (A/B), Mart Kilpatrick (Pilot), Ben Barton (F/E) and Geoff Davenport (W/Op)
This images came as one of a collection from the daughter of Albert Haliday, so me must assume his omission is because he is taking the picture, but there is no explanation as to the absence of the crew’s other Air Gunner, Bob Olive.

75(NZ) Squadron RAF consisted of three flights, A, B and C (Mart as Acting Flight Lieutenant was second in command of B Flight), with ten aircrews and aircraft to each flight, 30 aircraft in all. Mostly though, the squadron could put up no more than 24 aircraft at any one time, some being unserviceable due to operational damage, and often as many as three aircraft a night failed to return from operations.

Mart’s crew, apart from himself as sole pilot, consisted of navigator, the only other New Zealander in the crew, Flight Engineer, Air Bomber, Wireless Operator, and two Air Gunners.

Together they completed 35 operational flights over Germany, an impressive record of survival given that the casualty rate among aircrew in Bomber Command was one in three either killed of missing. Most flights according to Mart’s Log Book lasted around six hours, and on one occasion they flew a mine laying sortie to the Gulf of Danzig, a flight of ten hours and five minutes duration.

Mart however, did not always bring his aircraft home intact, often they received flak damage, and on at least one occasion they were attacked by German aircraft.

Neither was survival always purely a matter of luck, as for example on February the 22nd 1945.
On this particular trip, during the run in to a target at Osterfeld, the aircraft took a number of hits from enemy ground defences. With one engine out of action and another running rough, Mart held course and successfully completed his bombing run, the second engine failing completely on the run out.

port and starboard comped

Whilst I do not think there is a specific date to these images, one might imagine they were taken on the nerve-racking Op that won Martin Kilpatrick his D.F.C.

Mart nursed his crippled aircraft back to base, and for this, and also taking into account his previous record, he received the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

RNZAF HEADQUATERS LONDON

Shortly after this incident (March 11th 1945) Mart and his crew took part in a 1000 bomber raid over Essen. Each aircraft carried a seven ton bomb load, and with their aircraft situated in the middle of the stream, they were witness to an incredible sight, nothing but aircraft, almost as far as the eye could see, in every direction.

And sometimes drama has a humorous side. One night when returning from a raid, one of his Air Gunners’ yelled a warning to Mart that a night fighter was following them. Mart immediately took the standard evasive action, a corkscrew dive of about two thousand feet.

Unknown to Mart however, his navigator, suffering from a stomach upset, was sitting on the (doorless) toilet at the rear of the plane. Needless to say Matt was hardly the most popular pilot in the squadron that night, not only with his navigator who was suddenly propelled upwards with all and sundry, but also with the Ground Crew whose lot it was to clean up the mess………

Nor did they always reach the target, as on one night heading for Koln (Cologne). Three-quarters on way to the target the weather closed in forcing a return to base, and to land their aircraft still half full of fuel and with bomb load intact, and presenting watchers on the ground to one of the most impressive displays of gentle landings ever witnessed on one night.

Life was not quite one continuous round of flying however, crews would generally get five days leave for every five weeks of duty, timing of course depending on squadron operational plans, and or the weather. Mart would spend most of his leave time in Hornchurch, home of his future in-laws, but would sometimes go to London and meet up with his Inglewood friends and other aircrews. When not flying but confined on base, most of their time was spent in the Mess, scene of many tension letting, and usually impromptu, binges.

One such occasion that sticks in Mart’s mind (among the many), occurred one evening in February 1945 following a successful daylight raid, when his navigator suddenly remembered that it was his 21st birthday. The evening ended with the navigator, in an advanced state of intoxication, throwing his mug through the window, which happened to be closed. On another night Mart, returning from a mess party to his hut, rode his bicycle straight into a four foot deep drain, much to the consternation of his mates who had difficulty finding him.

Mart flew his 35th and last operational flight on a raid over Hallendorf, on the 29th of March 1945. Altogether he had flown 149.05 hours on daylight operations, and 31.45 hours at night, and to this day vividly recalls, though cannot adequately describe, the feeling that came with the realisation that it was all over.

For his service Mart received in addition to his D.F.C., the France-Germany Star, Bomber Command Medal, 1939-45 Star, Defence Medal, War Medal 1939-45, and the New Zealand War Service Medal.

POST WAR DETAILS.
Shortly after his arrival in England from Canada in October 1943, Mart had met English girl Sylvia Stephenson, and in November of 1944 they became engaged to be married, and now that Mart had a future that extended beyond the angry skies of Europe, they married.

Their marriage took place on the 28th of July 1945 at St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Church in Hornchurch, Essex, and six weeks later Mart boarded the liner Andes for the voyage home to New Zealand, Sylvia having to wait for later passage. First leg of the journey was from Southampton to Melbourne, which the Andes completed in a record 21 days. Melbourne to Wellington took a little longer than it should have as the waterside workers, apparently unaware that there had been a war on, refused to work on Labour Weekend. No matter, it was the 27th of October 1945, and he was home.

Meanwhile life carried on as normal for Sylvia back in England, normal that was until 8pm on Christmas Eve, when she received a telegram asking if she would accept an austerity passage aboard the liner Rangitiki, due to depart for New Zealand from Tilbury, a mere nine days hence. Boarding on bitterly cold 2nd of January, 400 wives and 150 children in all, they sailed via Malta, Port Said, Tewfik, Aden and Melbourne, final destination for about half the passengers, arriving in Wellington on the 14th of February, 1946. After disembarking they were taken to a Government building opposite the wharf, given morning tea, and welcomed to New Zealand by the Rt. Hon. Mr Jones, Minister of Defence.

For Sylvia it was then on to Inglewood and the rounds of welcoming functions that followed, organised for returning service families by the Red Cross, Woman’s Institute and Woman’s Division. A month after Mart arrived back in New Zealand, he was discharged from the RNZAF, though he remained on Active Reserve until aged 55.

Feet now back firmly on the ground, Mart joined his father in the transport business, tough going for awhile, carting fertiliser at 12 bags to the ton, and working sheep and cattle after three and a half years away from manual work. However, the body soon adapted, and after a few months Mart was back into his old routine. Mart took over the business totally following his father’s death in 1959. He enjoyed the challenge, though the hours were long, often starting at 5 am and working late into the night, and by the time he retired in 1983 was running five truck and trailer units, and employing four drivers besides himself.

P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait NZ421395. Navigator
Citation DFC (16 Nov 1945): Flying Officer Tait, as Navigator, has completed numerous operations against the enemy, in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.

raytait comped

Two pictures of Ray Tait, the Kilpatrick crew’s Navigator, the first stood in front of a Lancaster, probably at Mepal, the second, it seems in slightly more carefree times with Sylvia Kilpatrick.

Sgt. M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach. Air Bomber

Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport RAFVR 1817811/ 196353. Wireless Operator

Sgt. Benjamin Charles Barton RAFVR 56702. Flight Engineer.

Sgt. Albert Frederick ‘Titch’ Halliday RAFVR 1899145. Mid Upper Gunner
View Titch’s logbook here.

Sgt. Robert (Bob) ‘Ollie’ Olive. Rear Gunner

The crew flew the following raids between 28th of October 1944 and 29th of March 1945 to finish with a total of 34 ops (1 Op to Cologne 2nd March was a DNC)

 

28/10/1944 – Attack Against Cologne
cologne 28 10 44cpd
Seven aircraft took off a few hours later to participate in an attack on Cologne. They all bombed in clear weather and identified the target visually. Bombing was concentrated and a large smoke pall was seen on leaving. A.A. opposition was moderate, but no enemy fighters were seen.

Lancaster Mk.III PB689 AA-X
Hit by flak 5 times

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:19 – Landed 17:54
Flight Time 04:35

30/10/1944 – Attack Against Wessling
Six aircraft took off to attack a target at Wesselling. Bombing was reported as being rather scattered. A.A. opposition was moderate to intense, but only one aircraft suffered damage.

Lancaster Mk.III PB132 AA-Y

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:10 – Landed 13:50
Flight Time 04:40

31/10/1944 – Attack Against Bottrop
Six aircraft took off as detailed to attack a target at Bottrop. they all attacked the target in formation and a fairly concentrated raid was achieved. A.A. fire over the target was intense but all of our aircraft returned safely.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N
Hit by flak once

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:45 – Landed 16:35
Flight Time 04:50

04/11/1944 – Attack Against Solingen
Twenty one aircraft took off to attack Solingen in daylight, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb, 500 lb, 4 lb incendiaries and No.17 Clusters. All crews dropped their bombs in the target area, but the raid appeared to be scattered. Flak opposition was moderate. One aircraft captained by NZ428797 F/O J. Scott, failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L “Lucy”

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:40 – Landed 16:20
Flight Time 04:40

06/11/1944 – Attack Against Coblenz
koblenz 7 11 44 cropped
Sixteen aircraft were detailed for a night attack against Coblenz carrying 8,000 lb; 4,000 lb; No.14 clusters; No.17 clusters; 4lb inc. Fifteen aircraft were successful. The aircraft captained by F/O T. Winter (152351) returned early on account of engine trouble. Crews were able to identify the target visually in clear weather and a good concentrated raid developed, with smoke rising to 10,000 feet. NZ421919 F/O Kilpatrick, M had a short inconclusive encounter with a JU.88. Flak was moderate to slight.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L “Lucy”
A/C listed as “M” in ORB Diary.

COBLENZ COMBAT REPORT PAGE 1 copy

COBLENZ COMBAT REP PART 2 copy

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:50 – Landed 21:54
Flight Time 05:04

11/11/1944 – Attack Against Castrop Rauxel
Twenty five aircraft were detailed to make an early morning attack on Heinsberg in support of the American Army, but this was postponed and 6 aircraft were detailed for an attack on Castrop Rauxel. All aircraft reached the target area and dropped their bombs, but the results seemed unsatisfactory. Weather was ten tenths cloud with tops 8/9,000 ft and aircraft were seen to drop their bombs on many divergent headings. Flak was very slight and no fighters were seen. The bombs carried were 4,000 lb and 500 lb.

Lancaster Mk.III ME321 AA-N “Nan”

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:25 – Landed 12:50
Flight Time 04:25

15/11/1944 – Attack Against Dortmund
Twenty five aircraft were detailed for an attack an the Soest Marshalling Yards, but this operation was cancelled and the same aircraft took off to attack an Oil Refinery at Dortmund in daylight, carrying 4,000 lbs and 500 lbs bombs. All aircraft were successful in bombing in formation through ten tenths cloud with tops 10,000 ft. and a concentrated raid was reported. Flak was reported as being fairly accurate by the leading aircraft, but none of our aircraft were hit.

Lancaster Mk.I NN710 AA-Q

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:30 – Landed 17:35
Flight Time 05:05

16/11/1944 – Attack Against Heinsberg
Twenty five aircraft were detailed to attack an Oil Refinery target at Sterkrade but this operation was cancelled, and the 25 aircraft later took off to attack Heinsberg in support of the advancing American Army, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All crews were successful in bombing the town which was identified visually. On leaving, the whole town appeared to be covered in a thick pall of smoke. Flak was fairly intense but only two of our aircraft received minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

P/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:31 – Landed 17:23
Flight Time 03:52

20/11/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty eight aircraft took off to attack the Oil Refinery Plant at Homberg. Twenty two aircraft in daylight attacked the target in ten tenths cloud with tops at 23,000 ft. which made formation flying very difficult. They carried 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. Results of bombing could not be observed, but it is considered that the raid was unsatisfactory. One aircraft AA/J returned early owing to icing trouble and two aircraft bombed last resort targets at Duisburg and Hamborn. Three aircraft failed to return. These were captained by 185116 F/O R. Gordon, AUS419328 F/O P. McCartin and 152402 F/O H. Rees.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:46 – Landed 17:05
Flight Time 04:19

21/11/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty one aircraft took off to make another daylight attack on the Oil Refinery plant at Homberg, carrying 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. On this occasion weather over the target was clear, and crews reported the bombing to be quite good, both the target and town being identified visually. Several good explosions were observed in the target area. Flak opposition was moderate.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

P/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
Sgt. M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:31 – Landed 16:52
Flight Time 04:21

23/11/1944 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Twenty five aircraft took off as detailed to attack Nordstern Oil Refinery Plant at Gelsenkirchen carrying 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All aircraft attacked in formation bombing on navigational aids as the cloud was 10/10 with tops at 8000 ft. The attack was thought to be well concentrated, though it was impossible to observe the results. Flak opposition was moderate, but no fighter opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I HK593 AA-H “Hells Angel”

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:52 – Landed 17:17
Flight Time 04:25

04/12/1944 – Attack Against Oberhausen
Twenty aircraft took off as detailed to attack an Oil target at Oberhausen, carrying 1 x 12,000 lb, 8,000 lb, 4,000 H.C., 1,000 ANM, 500 G.P., 500 M.C. and 4 lb I.B. bombs. Nineteen aircraft attacked the target using navigational aids and the raid was reported as well concentrated though results were unobserved owing to 10/10 cloud with tops 10,000 ft covering the target. One aircraft bombed Gelsenkirchen, having been damaged by flak.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:11 – Landed 16:00
Flight Time 03:49

06/12/1944 – Attack Against Mersburg Leuna Oil Refinery
Twelve aircraft took off as detailed to participate in a night attack o the Merseburg Leuna Oil Refinery, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 H.C., 500 G.P., 500 G.P.(LD) bombs. The target was covered with 10/10 cloud, tops about 14,000 ft and all aircraft were successful in bombing the target with navigational aids. The attack was considered to be concentrated, though bombing results could not be seen, apart from the glow of fires seen beneath the cloud. Flak was intense in the target area and a few enemy fighters were seen en route but no attacks were reported. One aircraft, AA “R” captained by 1585981 F/O D. Atkin, had engine trouble after leaving the target, the starboard inner catching fire, and it was with great difficulty that the crew managed to keep the fire under control. When approaching this country the starboard inner engine went u/s and after jettisoning all equipment and with the aircraft losing height at 100 feet per minute, the Captain made a very good ditching in the River Orwell. None of the crew were hurt.

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:12 – Landed 00:32
Flight Time 07:20

08/12/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg
Twenty one aircraft took off to make a daylight attack on Duisburg Marshalling Yards carrying 1,000 M.C., 1,000 A.N.M. and Munro Bombs. All aircraft successfully attacked the target and a very concentrated attack was reported, but apart from one report of smoke coming through the tops of the cloud at 15,000 ft., no results were observed. One aircraft “D” captain F/S Wood, J., landed at Woodbridge on return.

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:35 – Landed 12:46
Flight Time 04:11

11/12/1944 – Attack Against Osterfeld
Seventeen aircraft attacked Osterfeld carrying 4,000 H.C., 1,000 ANM., 500 G.P., 500 G.P. (L.D.), 500 M.C. and Munro Bombs. No results were seen owing to 10/10 cloud over the target. Slight flak was the only opposition encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘ Jock’ Cattenach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:46 – Landed 12:51
Flight Time 04:05

06/01/1945 – Mining off Pilau
Four aircraft successfully laid mines in the Danzig area. Crews reported a good trip. One enemy aircraft was sighted, but made no attempt to approach.

Lancaster Mk.III LM733 AA-R

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:18 – Landed 01:58
Flight Time 09:40

15/01/1945 – Attack Against Langendreer
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Langendreer, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500AMN., 500 M.C., 250 G.P., and Munro bombs. One aircraft ‘D’ captained by F/O Leadley failed to reach the target owing to starboard inner engine failing. No results were observed owing to ten tenths cloud. Flak was slight over the target. No fighter opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/O Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:34 – Landed 16:52
Flight Time 05:18

22/01/1945 – Attack Against Duisburg
Fifteen aircraft attacked Duisburg carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 G.P. (I.D) 250 G.P. and Munro bombs.Visibility was good. Crews saw the Rhine. Fires and explosions were seen coming from a concentrated area. A successful attack was reported. No opposition encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot. P/O Duncan Matthew Stevenson, RNZAF NZ426016 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:16 – Landed 21:42
Flight Time 04:26

28/01/1945 – Attack Against Cologne (Gremberg)
Twenty aircraft attacked Cologne (Gremberg) as ordered, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 M.C. “50 G.P. and Munro bombs. Cloud broke to nil just before the target and crews were able to identify the marshalling yard. Accurate slight to moderate H/F was met over the target. No fighters were seen. Bursts were seen on the marshalling yard. All returned to base.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:22 – Landed 16:05
Flight Time 05:43

29/01/1945 – Attack Against Krefeld M/Y
Nineteen aircraft attacked Krefeld marshalling yard in ten tenths cloud, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 M.C., and 250 G.P. Bombs. Aircraft bombed in formation with the aid of instruments. A good concentration was reported. Slight H/F over the target was the only opposition encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:00 – Landed 15:55
Flight Time 05:55

16/02/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Twenty one aircraft attacked Wesel as detailed. Slight accurate H/F was encountered over the target but no fighters were seen. A concentrated raid was reported.

Lancaster Mk.I HK554 JN-Z

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:30 – Landed 17:57
Flight Time 05:27

18/02/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Twenty aircraft attacked Wesel. Twenty one were detailed but AA”R” F/S Scott, returned early through technical trouble. Aircraft bombed on special equipment in ten tenths cloud with tops about 10,000 ft. Leaders were satisfied it was a good raid. Very slight H/F was only opposition

Lancaster Mk.III PB418 AA-C

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot. F/L Ian Taylor, RAFVR 1550767/ 135709 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:48 – Landed 17:08
Flight Time 05:20

19/02/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Twenty one aitcraft were again detailed to attack Wesel. AA”J”, captained by F/S Lukins, B.L., returned early through engine trouble. Cloud was 1-10/10ths with some haze. A few crews were able to identify the river bend. Bombing appeared to be accurate. Very slight H/F was the only opposition.

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-U

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:17 – Landed 18:11
Flight Time 04:54

22/02/1945 – Attack Against Osterfeld
Osterfeld 22 2 45
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Osterfeld, carrying 4000 HC 500 ANM 250 GP bombs, JN”O” F/L Jones, K. returned early through engine failure. There was no cloud over the target, but some haze. Crews found it difficult to identify the target visually owing to smoke and difficult formation flying conditions in flak, but the impression is that the concentration of bombing was excellent and the target well “pranged”. Flak was moderate to intense and several aircraft were damaged.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:38 – Landed 18:16
Flight Time 05:38

DFC CITATION

BILL JORDAN HICOMM

A letter of congratulations to Mart from Bill Jordan, New Zealand High Commissioner.

25/02/1945 – Attack Against Kamen
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Kamen. Thin stratus cloud in layers covered the target area, but at times crews were able to make out the target and report a considerable white smoke followed by thick black smoke rising to a good height. Accurate H/F was experienced. AA”B” captained by F/S Klitscher is missing from this operation

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:32 – Landed 15:02
Flight Time 05:30

27/02/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Gelsenkirchen, carrying 4000 HC 500 ANM 500 MC bombs. NZ426904 F/O M.Adamson and NZ425292 F/L D.Sadgrove returned early through engine trouble. Cloud was ten tenths. Leaders met slight to moderate H/F. No results were seen.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:16 – Landed 16:27
Flight Time 05:11

28/02/1945 – Attack Against Nordstern (Gelsenkirchen)
Fifteen aircraft attacked Nordstern (Gelsenkirchen) as detailed carrying 1 x 8000 HC 4000 HC 500 ANM 500 GP bombs. Accurate slight H/F was met over the target. Cloud was ten tenths. No results were seen.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:03 – Landed 13:55
Flight Time 04:52

02/03/1945 – Attack Against Cologne
Twenty aircraft were detailed to attack Cologne. No aircraft bombed owing to special equipment failiure. Three aircraft jettisoned due to flak damage to engines, the remainder bringing their bombs back. F/O Woodcock was wounded in the neck and his engineer F/Sgt. Gibb in the legs but landed safely at base.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 DNC AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:59 – Landed 18:23
Flight Time 05:24

05/03/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Gelsenkirchen. AA”E” F/S Lukins was withdrawn. AA”W” F/L Parker and JN”X” P/O Cleminson returned early through engine trouble. The remainder found the target obscured by 10/10ths cloud tops 15,000 ft. Aircraft bombed on special special equipment. Leaders had a good run in and there was a good concentration at this time. Aircraft were met by slight H/F on outward route. No fighters were seen.

Lancaster Mk.i NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:34 – Landed 15:59
Flight Time 05:25

06/03/1945 – Attack Against Salzbergen
Sixteen aircraft attacked Salzbergen in 10/10ths cloud up to 11,000ft. with nil clouds below. The formation was well packed over the target and released simultaneously. A slight upheaval of the cloud a minute later was all that could be seen. Slight H/F was the only opposition.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:44 – Landed 14:39
Flight Time 05:55

09/03/1945 – Attack Against Datteln
Twenty one aircraft attacked Datteln as detailed. A good concentration of aircraft and bombing reported. Cloud ten tenths. No opposition was encountered. A mushroom of smoke was seen penetrating cloud.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:33 – Landed 15:48
Flight Time 05:15

11/03/1945 – Attack Against Essen
Twenty one aircraft were again detailed for operations, tis time against Essen. Very slight H/F was the only opposition. Cloud was 10/10ths. A gradual blackening of the cloud tops was all that could be seen

Lancaster Mk.III PB418 AA-C

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. J. Aldridge, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:46 – Landed 17:03
Flight Time 05:17

23/03/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Eight aircraft were detailed to attack Wesel carrying 1,000 M65 (RT), 1,000 M65 (B.T.) and Munro bombs. The target was attacked with the aid of special equipment. There was no cloud over the target but the visibility was poor owing to smoke. All crews reported a good concentration of bombs on the A/P. Very slight H/F was experienced.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:10 – Landed 19:01
Flight Time 03:51

29/03/1945 – Attack Against Salzgitter
Twenty one aircraft attacked Saltzgitter as detailed. Cloud was ten tenths, tops up to 19,000 ft and thin cloud and contrails persisting above, reducing visibility to 500yds. No results were observed and a scattered raid is reported. Flak moderate.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Martin Adam Kilpatrick, RNZAF NZ421919 – Pilot. F/S William George Reay, RNZAF NZ4211843 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O Raymond Sinclair ‘Grub’ Tait, RNZAF NZ4213951 – Navigator.
F/S M. ‘Jock’ Cattanach, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S Wesley Geoffrey ‘Geoff’ Davenport, RAFVR 1817811/ 196353 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Benjamin Charles ‘Ben’ Barton, RAFVR 56702 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Albert ‘Titch’ Halliday, RAFVR 1899145 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Robert ‘Bob’ Olive, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:30 – Landed 19:08
Flight Time 06:38