M.R. Braun crew 18.09.40 †

28/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target C.37.
Eight aircraft took part from this Squadron carrying 9 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs 6hr. delay bomb and one case of 4lbs incendiaries each, to attack individually target C.37 Chemical Works at KOLN.
CB.521 carried out attack in shallow dive releasing bombs at 5,000ft. No actual strikes were observed but large explosion occurred on target few seconds after bombs released, assumed they found their mark. Dropped from SE to NW corner.
CB.552 located target after search of 1½ hrs, first four bombs seen to burst, followed by sympathetic bursts all around. Four fires seen Green, Orange and two White. Only one white fire remained burning.
CB.525 unable to identify target accurately at COLOGNE so successfully attacked WAALHAVEN aerodrome at ROTTERDAM. Close stick dropped and nine bursts observed, six being on target, but no fires seen.
Owing to thick haze over Rhine CB.526 reports impossible to identify main target C.37. Bombs dropped in stick from 10,000ft. Bursts observed on aerodrome and fire started.
CB.529 unable to pin-point target after a thorough search, so bombed Blast furnaces two miles East of centre of COLOGNE. These were precision bombed dropping whole load, observed to burst in stick 100-150 yards on South side of furnaces. Small fires caused, further results not observed due to rapidly approaching daylight.
CB.530 made full use of small lake and patch of woods to West of target, and bombs dropped in stick from 11,000ft, but no bursts seen due to intense searchlights activity, while hits assumed to be registered.
CB.531 carried out dive attack dropping stick of bombs. A fire broke out, and rear gunner reported several small explosions, after setting course for base.
CB.532 reports target located by bend in river Rhine with aid of parachute flares after 20 minutes search, and a level attack fro 11,000ft carried out from North to South, dropping bombs in stick. All 500lbs bombs observed to burst in target area.
Many balloons seen over all main areas in RUHR and flying over COLOGNE at 10,000ft, approx. 10 balloons. A.A. particularly heavy in RUHR, and over ANTWERP. Searchlights also intense over RUHR and over all main centres. Fog experienced on return to base with result that three aircraft had to land at WYTON as directed by control at base. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.526 C.37

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot. listed as Brown – but suspect its Braun
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:00
Flight Time 05:10

02/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.28 in Ruhr
Five aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above target, but due to poor weather conditions prevailing over the whole target area, alternative targets attacked.
Four aircraft carried – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 2 – 250lbs G.P. 6hr delay, and one container of incendiaries each, while remaining aircraft’s load made up of 4 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 500lbs 12hr delay and one case of incendiaries’.
CB.557 reports that no attacks were made by him. CB.558 reports that bombs dropped in stick on buildings on dock area of ROTTERDAM. Salvos greeted by gushes of flame and tiers of blue sparks consistent with results expected, were the target a Power House or Ammunition Dump. Target situated to West of ROTTERDAM on river to coast, and bombs dropped from 3,500 feet.
After some difficulty in locating target or suitable target, dock area at ZEEBRUGGE attacked in a shallow dive, and bomb load with exception of 3 – 250lbs bombs, which failed to release, was dropped. Six hits observed, many explosions and fierce fires started.
CB.563 reports, two sticks of bombs dropped in vicinity of NEUZS. Height 11,000feet. Time 02.15 hours. Four bombs were observed to burst and the incendiaries caused fires.
On part of CB.564 owing to failure of generator and consequent failure of batteries, decided to return to Base, after having flown 50 miles in from coast. Endeavour made to drop sticks on four bombs searchlight concentrations at aerodrome GLIZE-RIJEN, but only one bomb released. Jettisoning action also taken over sea, but with no effect, so remaining bombs brought back to base.
No important observations etc., made.
A.A. fire heavy over original target area. Although aircraft were above 10/10 cloud most of time A.A. fire was still heavy.
All main towns and target area, had intense searchlight activity going on.
Weather very poor 10/10 cloud experienced most of time as low as 2,000 feet making positioning difficult. Navigation by D/R and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3166 AA-M
Raid No. CB.564 A.28
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 03:55

04/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target F.49 and M.431
The bomb load of the five Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was as follows:- two carried 9 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs and one case of incendiaries each, two others carried 4 – 250lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 18hr delay and one case of incendiaries each, remaining machines load consisted of 2 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and 1 – 500lbs G.P. 12 hr delay.
CB568 reports that due to local haze around the target and by being continually caught in searchlights, unable to locate original target so decided to return to EMDEN and carry out attack there. While on way, aerodrome VEDEL located and attack carried out on same. Hits observed and fires started.
WILHELMSHAVEN docks precision bombed with 3 – 500lbs. bombs at 0.12hrs, height 11,000ft by CB.569. On bomb observed to burst in the ANSTRASTUNER HAVEN area. This burst was observed to cause a white glow in the form of a square.
CB.570 located primary target (A.49) and dropped a close stick from East to West from 11,000 feet. Fires were seen to be started after doing a turn to observe results.
Owing to intense searchlight activity and haze target could not be identified by CB.573. Clouds covered secondary target at SCHIPOL, and a low attack was out of question owing to approaching daylight, so bombs were brought back.
Target was located and bombs were dropped in one stick by CB.574, bursts observed and several fires caused. Suspected hit with high level attack at 9,500 feet.
Balloons were seen flying at HAMBURG up as high as 14,000 feet, they appeared to be in Groups of six at a time.
Heavy flak fire of all types was experienced, some as high as 15,000 feet. It was very intense and accurate all over the target area.
Searchlights intense and accurate over whole of area.
CB569 reports that two single engine aircraft were seen over HAMBURG. CB570 reports three fighters in Vic formation near BREMEN.
Weather was fair throughout, haze was wide spread over the target area making observations difficult.
Navigation by D/R, received fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B
Raid No. CB.573 F.49
P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
,   – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 05:50

14/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, M.434, & M.116
Total number of bombs carried by seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was:-
47 – 250lbs. bombs of mixed delay.
4 – 500lbs. By CB.608, in addition, each aircraft carried 1 case of 4lbs. incendiaries.
Cb.605 reports, target could not be definitely located in time available. Railway marshalling yards at STADE were attacked from level flight at 9,000ft. One stick was dropped and five bursts observed approximately 100 yards short of the yards.
CB.606 reports, bombs dropped in one stick from 8,000ft after dive from 10,000ft. Owing to searchlight glare and violent avoiding action taken after release of bombs, no results were observed.
A high level attack, 15,000ft, was carried out by CB.607, but owing to enemy opposition, searchlights and A.A., no results were observed. One bomb and incendiaries hung up, but dropped on the Southern part of HAMBURG.
All bombs released in one stick at 15,000ft over target by CB.608. Bombs seen to burst with large sheets of flame slightly to South of target with the last two bombs in target area.
CB.618 attacked marshalling yards at HAMM successfully from 12,000ft. Five bursts observed and two very large fires started and seen burning fiercely 40 miles away on return journey.
CB.619 reports, five 250lbs. bombs seen to burst in town, and three in marshalling yards. All incendiaries seen to fall in marshalling yards, also, causing fires visible after 20 minutes flying on homeward course (50 miles).
Target area reached by CB.620 after diving through layer of cloud at 10,000ft. SOEST identified by means of parachute flares. A level attack from West to East at 9,000ft carried out on marshalling yard at 030.30hrs. Five 250lbs bombs seen to burst on marshalling yard, and incendiaries caught buildings on Southern edge of target, starting two strong fires, which were still raging fiercely when area left 40 minutes later. More fires seen to start at 00.55hrs.
Balloons seen at heights from 6,000ft to 14,000ft over HAMBURG, BREMEN etc., Intense heavy and light flak over entire area.
Searchlights very active over whole area.
Weather was fair. Targets were located despite the local ground haze.
Navigation was D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.606 A.10

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLean, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 05:40

20/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.70 and A.71
Nine aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks on targets above. The Squadron suffered its second loss, since the beginning of Operations in March 1940, when CB.650 (F/O. Watson, Captain) failed to return.
CB.639 reports, two attacks, consisting of two sticks of 5 bombs each were dropped over the target at 00.33 hours. Height 5,000 feet. Previously to this another aircraft had dropped incendiaries in same area. Fires and explosions from other aircraft’s bombs, on target, but few from incendiaries which dropped little to West of actual area. EINDHAVEN flare path bombed with stick of 3 – 250lbs. bombs at 22.35 hours by CB.640. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Target A.70 located and bombed at 00.25hrs. Bursts observed and fires observed to break out and gradually increased.
CB.641 reports, being unable to identify target, bombs were dropped from 9,500ft in one stick on railway junction at KAMEN. Last two bombs observed to burst in railway yards.
CB.648 located target after waiting for cloud to disperse and doing several dummy runs. Believed bombed successfully as four bursts observed on N.E. corner of works and fires started across railway line.
CB.649 reports, the incendiaries seen to burst on Southern extremity of target. The 250lbs bombs were not observed owing to cloud over target.
Level attack from 10,800ft made by CB.651 from N.E. to S.W. on target A.71. Three hits obtained on N side of target, remaining bombs appeared to undershoot. Several small fires started followed by minor explosions.
A high level attack carried out from 14,000ft by CB.652. One large flash observed and number of small fires. One red and two green.
CB.653 reports, the target located without difficulty, being made so by light of moon and excellent landmarks. Bombed from 11,000ft in one stick on straight run over target. Results unobserved.
Balloons seen up to 14,000 feet in many towns over RUHR. Heavy flak experienced over WESEL and all target areas, accurate for height etc./ Searchlights over whole area.
Three H.E. 113’s attacked CB639 over WESEL. (i) above and astern (ii)Starboard qtr and below. (iii) below and astern. No.(ii) shot down in flames, No. 3 assumed disabled. No.1 attacked 3 times afterwards.
Weather fair, visibility good, throughout whole of journey. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings. The moon was quite advantageous in helping to locate the target.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.641 A.70

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 04:20
Flight Time 06:30

28/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets A.8, A.73, and M.434.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights tec.,
CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.* or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.
Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.
CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.
Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.
CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.
Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7797 AA-F
Raid No. CB.676 A.8

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:35 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 06:25

03/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.71 at HORST
Nine Wellington aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above, but due to heavy ground haze over target area, attacks had to be carried out on various other targets, with success. Low 10/10 cloud encountered on returning to base and aircraft directed to other aerodromes. CB.692 crashed when attempting a forced landing, due to engine failure. The Captain, S/Ldr. Collet, was killed, but the five remaining members of the crew escaped with injuries.
A combined bomb load was carried.
Stick of bombs and S.B.C. dropped by CB.693 down flare path at approximate position 51° 42’ North, 6° 53’ East.
CB.695 located target and bombed. Results of 250lbs bombs not observed, but incendiaries seen to miss target.
CB.695 almost reached primary target, but owing to engine trouble, returned and bombed SCHIPOL aerodrome, believed successful. Height 19,500ft on North Westerly course. Four bundles nickels dropped near target.
CB.696 reports, extensive large fires started by incendiaries in target area. Results not seen of 250’s.
CB.697 located target after search of 45 minutes and dropped stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. at 00.15hrs from 12,000ft in level attack. Two bursts observed amongst lights in target area and extinguished same. Incendiaries failed to function, reason not known. Line of six Blast Furnaces on Eastern outskirts of GLADBECK also attacked with stick of 4 – 250lbs N.D.T. bombs from 12,000ft. Four burst observed 200 yards South of Blast Furnace.
CB.698 failed to locate primary target owing to ground haze, and searchlight activity over area. Marshalling yards at HALTERN attacked. All bombs dropped in one stick, bursts seen and explosions followed, and considerable damage thought to be done.
CB.699 failed to locate target owing to ground haze and searchlights. SCHIPOL aerodrome attacked from 4,000ft. Results not observed owing to intense opposition.
CB.700 did not locate primary target owing to haze and searchlights, but bombs dropped from 10,000ft in one stick on aerodrome at BUER. Two bursts observed. What appeared to be dummy Blast Furnaces, seen in target area, and usual light and heavy flak experienced, seems to be more intense around SCHIPOL. Searchlights intense and very active. CB.693 followed back to English coast by three unidentified aircraft. Weather poor, low visibility, 10/10 cloud as low as 300ft on return. Navigation by D/R, W/T fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G
Raid No. CB.700 A.71 (Buer attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:30 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 06:00

06/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.73 and A.28.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights tec.,
CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.* or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.
Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.
CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.
Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.
CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.
Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.723 A.28 (Ypenburg attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 05:35

09/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.84.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took off to attack targets L.84 and Z.53. Eight were detailed to attack L.84 and one Z.53. Latter target not attacked by CB.744 who was detailed, as area searched for 1 ½ hours, but ground obscured by 10/10 cloud at 2,000feet, therefore bombs brought back to Base. Other than this, operations on a whole were successful, although primary target not attacked in each case, but other military objectives. Original target not located by CB.728, but aerodrome at GLIZE attacked, releasing bombs in one stick from 5,000ft, bursts observed, but damage could not be estimated.
After dropping second flare CB.729 located target, and after this had died out dropped bombs in one stick from 9,000feet. Bright green flashes seen among bomb bursts, and several big explosions, and fires.
CB.730 reports, bombs dropped on target and fires started at 23.08 hours.
On way in to target L.84, CB.731 discovered EINDHOVEN aerodrome with boundary lights in, decided to bomb it, stick dropped on same and three bursts observed, large fires started by incendiaries, and all lights extinguished on aerodrome.
Bombs were dropped at 22.55 hours from 14,000ft by CB.732, bursts appeared to be South of target. Three separate level attacks were carried out by CB.733 from West to East, from 11,000ft. Five bursts observed on East side on first attack, on second run eight fierce fires started on West side, numerous small explosions, and one violent explosion with vivid white flash. Last attack, good steady run dropping two 18hr delay bombs. Nickels dropped over target prior to bombing.
Target located and precision bombed by CB.734, height 12,000ft. Three bombs observed to burst, unable to see results. After 1 ½ hours search, 3 bombs dropped on target L.84 by CB.735 and two bombs on flak battery at KOLN. Number of flares noticed over North Sea, some appeared to be in water, other of slow descending type.
A.A. fire exceptionally heavy over target area and all main towns, heavy flak improving in accuracy for height and direction. Searchlights very active over whole area. No enemy aircraft observed.
Weather rather hazy in RUHR area, making observations very difficult, low 10/10 cloud was met on returning to base. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B
Raid No. CB.729 L.84

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 01:10
Flight Time 04:10

13/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G.82, L.82, and D.7.
Of the nine aircraft detailed from this unit, eight were on bombing raids, while ninth, CB746 was to carry out Photographic reconnaissance of STETTIN DOCKS in Baltic. Weather again hindered operations, due to 10/10 cloud over practically whole of N.W. Germany.
CB750 reports, target area of G.82 obscured by 10/10 cloud from 600ft. Search made, but no suitable target found in vicinity, so course set for base and bombs bought back.
Target not located by CB.751 owing to cloud. 3 250lbs. bombs and 1 – S.B.C. dropped at DORSEL on road and rail junction showing evenly spaced shaded lights. Incendiaries caused fires. Unable to ascertain damage owing to cloud.
Target located and believed bombed successfully by CB.752. Ground haze made it difficult to identify target accurately. Four bursts observed in target area.
CB.753 reports, both primary target and alternative target at FRANKFURT were covered with thick layer of cloud at 7,000ft. Bombs were brought back as no suitable target discovered, either in Germany or HOLLAND. Nickels dropped over FRANKFURT.
Stick of three bombs dropped on flare paths of aerodrome at VUGHT by CB.759. Bursts observed short of runway, at 22.20hrs. Target not located due to 10/10 cloud. Marshalling yards at ROERMOND bombed and fires started at 23.35 hours.
CB.760 reports, bursts appeared to straddle target, but observation difficult owing to haze.
Owing to low cloud and haze, target not located by CB.761 bombs were brought back.
CB.762 reports, bombs dropped at 23.30 hours. Explosions not seen owing to searchlights. Large fire seen in target area some minutes after course had been set for home.
CB.746, who was detailed to carry Photographic Reconnaissance, reports, photographs spoilt by either A.A. shell bursts or a searchlight.
No important observations or reconnaissance made. A.A. fire exceptionally heavy and accurate around target L.82. Little heavy flak received at G.82, but this all fired through 10/10 cloud.
Searchlights very active in RUHR. CB.746 reports, being attacked by an ME110 South of Kiel. The ME was eluded by going into cloud.
As for the weather, 10/10 cloud covered practically whole of areas detailed to bomb.
Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings, while CB.746 used Astro extensively, with great success.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3172 AA-?
Raid No. CB.761 L.82 (did not bomb)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:20 – Landed 04:00
Flight Time 06:40

15/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.85.
Attacks taken all round were very successful, nine out of ten aircraft detailed from this Unit finding and bombing primary target.
Two level attacks made by CB.774 from 11,000ft. Explosions illuminated aircraft at this height. Incendiaries started several small fires, but quickly extinguished after about 5 minutes.
Three level attacks carried out by CB.775 from 9,000ft West to East. Many hits observed on buildings and incendiaries started many fierce fires. One terrific explosion with vivid white flash and many minor explosions occurred.
CB.776 reports, bombs seen to fall in target area. Large fire started which could be seen for a considerable distance on homeward journey.
CB.777 reports, target successfully attacked. Fires started. One stick at 10,000ft.
Target located and stick dropped across target, by CB.776. Small fires started, smoke plainly visible. Bombs dropped in level stick by CB779 from 10,000ft from South to North. Bursts observed across target AND SEVERAL fires started. Explosions followed, in fires. Nickels dropped N.W. RUHR.
CB.750 reports, one run at 8,700ft, hits believed observed. Second run at 9,000ft, dummy. Third run 8,700ft, hits almost certain. Large columns of white smoke observed over target.
Primary target could not be definitely identified by CB.781, owing to scattered cloud and searchlights. Bombs dropped in stick from 9,000ft on railway junction at LUNEN. Two bombs observed to straddle main crossing and remainder fell along Northern railway line.
No difficulty in locating target by CB.782 and perfect run up made at 11,000ft. Bombs dropped in stick from this height, and hits believed to have been made on target.
Target located and precision bombed by CB.783. Height 12,500ft. Time 23.36hrs. Wireless Operator observed three bomb bursts with white flashes on E of target.
Balloons observed to be flying at 12,000ft over AMSTERDAM, DORTMUND, AND HAMM.
A.A. Fire was heavy and accurate in the RUHR area.
Searchlights very active over the whole area. Enemy aircraft were observed , by about three crews, one seen trailing one of our sorties, in target area, but after a series of bursts by Rear Gunner, made off.
Weather, moderate 4/10 cloud over target, but this cloud did not hinder operations. Visibility was perfect.
Navigation was by D/R, and visual observation mainly, although homing bearings were used in some cases.
“All our aircraft returned safely”.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.781 L.85 (Lunen attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:05 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 06:25

17/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.97, K.62 and M.434
Ten Wellington crews from No. 75(NZ) Squadron, were detailed to carry out bombing operations against the enemy. One aircraft, CB.606 (F/L. Adams) returned to base after being out 20 mins due to W/T electrical trouble, as sometime was taken over repairing this defect, that particular sortie was cancelled altogether.
Cb.793 unable to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud covering area, but owing to a shortage of petrol, bombs were jettisoned at D/R position 51° 26’ N, 10° 53’ E.
Numerous fires reported to be already burning in target area, when CB.794 bombed, and further large fires broke out after attack. Petrol tanks observed to explode, and high columns of thick black smoke rose from fires. Glare on cloud still visible for 15 minutes after leaving target.
A level attack made by CB.795 from 9,00ft and 5 – 250lbs. bombs dropped in stick. Incendiaries brought back owing to selector switch being accidentally knocked up. 250lbs. bombs caused two large explosions on large factory buildings.
CB.796 failed to locate target A.97 owing to 8/10 cloud and thick haze in area. After searching for half an hour course was set for SOEST. Marshalling Yards at SOEST attacked in shallow dive from 8,000 to 7,00 feet at 01.10hrs, a stick of 6 – 250lbs. bombs being dropped. Bursts not observed, owing to heavy accurate flak fire.
Target located at 23.30 hours by CB.799 and stick dropped across. Fire started and visible for considerable distance.
CB.800 reports, a level stick at 10,000ft. Bombs hit aerodrome. Incendiaries hit buildings casing thirteen distinct explosions and explosions were still appearing as aircraft set course for home. One good fire was left burning. Nickels dropped between KASSEL and ESCHWEGE.
CB.801 reports, bombs seen to fall on lines of Marshalling Yards.
CB.802 reports, identification of target made difficult by low cloud and ground haze. Flares dropped by other aircraft and half an hour spent in identifying target. Shallow dive attack from South and stick of bombs dropped on North end of target. Result and bursts not observed owing to cloud.
CB.807 reports, primary target not located owing to 9/ 10 cloud and haze. A string of lights which appeared to be an aerodrome attacked..
Balloons again reported to be flying in the RUHR area.
Heavy flak was experienced by most aircraft on target A.97 in the region of MUNSTER and UTRECHT. This was reported to be good for height and accuracy. Searchlights very numerous over the whole of the target area.
10/10 cloud was encountered practically over the whole of the route, with the exception of the RUHR.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, Astro and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.794 A.97

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:25 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 07:20

19/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.17 and M.431
Ten Wellington aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out operations against enemy. For the attack on target D.4 at Kiel, weather was against the raiders, with result that main objective was not located, so secondary targets in that area were successfully bombed.
Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T. 250lbs. bombs fused 6 – 18hr delay, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.810 located target 9KIEL) and six bomb bursts were observed on subterranean oil plant North of the town on the river bank. The Battleship GNEISENAU was not observed owing to low cloud.
A stock of 6 – 250lbs bombs was dropped by CB.811 from 13,000 feet, on same target as CB.810. These were seen to burst across KRUPP’S yards.
CB.812 failed to locate the primary target owing to 10/10 cloud in the target area. The object of an attack was their DE KOOY aerodrome in Northern HOLLAND. Six 250lbs. bombs were dropped from a height of 5,000 feet. Bursts were observed but damage not estimated.
CB.813 did not attack primary target owing to cloud, even after making four runs. The buildings on the side of the fitting out basin 1,100 yards 200°T from Primary target were attacked by dive bombing 13,000 – 8,000ft. Bursts observed on area.
The target area was located by CB.814 from a height of 15,000 feet and after flying around at this height for 30 minutes bombs were dropped in stick along the bank. Owing to 7/10 cloud being over the target at the time, bomb bursts were unobserved.
CB.815 reports, that although a search was made for an hour he was unable to locate KIEL owing to low cloud and fog on the coast. At 02.00 hours a shallow dive attack at 8,000feet was carried out on WANGEROOGE aerodrome, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs being dropped. No results were observed.
CB.822 reports that owing to 10/10 cloud in target area, primary target was not attacked. Bombs were dropped from 6,000 feet in one stick on aerodrome at De Kooy. Believed hits but no accurate observation possible.
CB.823 reports that target was not located due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction at WUNSTORF straddled with stick, and fire started at 23.45 hours.
Owing to 10/10 clod, CB.824 failed to locate the target. Enemy aerodrome in use at DIEPHOLZ bombed. 250lbs. bombs burst across flare path, incendiaries fell short. Two fires seen on North East corner of aerodrome.
CB.828 reports, that a high level attack was made from 11,500 feet and a stick was dropped from East to West. Hits were observed on target and one or two small fires were started.
The aerodrome at HURSEIM was clearly visible and three runways were observed, making pin-pointing easy. Balloons were observed flying up to 12,000ft around KIEL. A number of dummy flare paths were also in various sections.
A.A. Fire very intense over target D.4 and over all the North Fresians Islands.
Searchlights very active in all target areas. Weather :- 10/10 cloud was prevalent over the targets and most of route to same.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, and homing bearings. Astro was used by Sorties CB.812 and 813 with very good results.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.822 A.17 (De Kooy attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 06:55

24/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.161 and M.434
Eleven Wellington aircraft were detailed from this unit to carry out bombing operations against the enemy on the above targets. CB.837 (F/L. Adams) did not complete the sortie due to engine trouble when over enemy territory, he set course for base and jettisoned bombs in sea. The operations taken on the whole, were not very successful due to extremely bad weather conditions encountered.
A varied bomb load was carried between the eleven aircraft consisting of 250lbs., fused N.D.T., 250lbs, G.P. with delay action, 500lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T., and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
Target not located by CB.838, due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction and landing ground at KOBLENZE bomber. Results unobserved due to bad haze.
Target located through hole in cloud by island in river, and bombed by CB.839. Results not observed.
CB.840 reports, primary target at FRANKFURT obscured owing to 10/10 cloud. Returned to target B.47 (KNAPSACK) and bombed. Unable to distinguish results of bombs although flashes observed. Nickels were dropped at KNAPSACK.
Attack was made by CB.841 from 11,000ft, the incendiaries being dropped first, so as to allow to make a run up with the 250lbs. bombs. A medium fire was still burning when target area was left.
CB.842 reports, targets A.151 and C.28 at FRANKFURT were not located owing to 10/10 dense cloud in area. Nickels dropped approximately 15 miles North of FRANKFURT. Dive bombing attack carried out at 5,000ft on LIMBURG aerodrome. Five bursts observed on North side of aerodrome some 200 yards from flare path and hangers. Red obstruction lights extinguished, but dim flare path remained on.
CB.834 reports, main target and two secondary targets not located owing to nine to ten tenths cloud. One 500lbs. bomb was dropped on a search-light by diving down beam. Two ships in YISMUNDEN harbour were attacked by dive bombing 4,00 – 2,000 feet, two 500;bs. N.D.T. bombs dropped. Hits or near misses reported.
CB.844 reports, owing to 9/10 cloud, primary target not located. Bombs dropped from 1,100ft on a factory on river bank East of HANAU. Bursts were observed in small buildings around main building. No fires observed.
Targets not located owing to 10/10 cloud by CB.848. Whole route from Great Britain to Eastern Germany said to be covered.
Bombs dropped by CB.849 on heavy flak batteries in target area. Again, results not observed due to 10/10 cloud.
CB.850 also reports that target not located owing to cloud.
Owing to the whole of the area being practically covered with 10/10 clouds, nothing of importance to relate as far as observations, and reconnaissance etc.
A.A. fire, heavy at most areas attacked., although 10/10 cloud prevailed, good accuracy was attained by the heavy batteries.
Searchlights were active as usual.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, homing bearing and Astro.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.844 A.161(Handau attacked as secondary target)

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 05:40

26/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on G.82, C.38 DUISBURG, ARNHEIM, and FLUSHING
Ten Wellington Crews from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks against enemy objectives in enemy territory. Taken over all, the operations were very successfully, good weather being encountered at most targets. On the return journey CB.851 carried out an attack on a single engined aircraft in the region of NIVELLS, and shot down in flames.
The bomb load carried was made up of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs G.P. bombs fused delay action, and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.851 reports, due to heavy searchlights and A.A. fire on the run up to the main target, bombs were dropped on the secondary target C.38. Four bursts were observed, but damage could not be estimated due to avoiding action having to be taken, while hits are assumed.
No results seen from first stick of two bombs dropped by CB.852. Explosions and fire started by second stick of three bombs.
Stick of four bombs dropped to East of target, and small fires started by CB.853.
The target was located by CB.854, and a run up made from South to North at 23.20 hours. The bursts of two bombs were observed, these being approximately a mile South of the primary target. The results of the bursts were unobserved owing to intense searchlight activity at the time.
A stick was dropped by CB.856 from 13,000ft in a level attack. Three bursts were observed and three small fires started.
Owing to searchlights and haze, main target was not located by CB.857. Bombs were dropped on C.38 GRISCHEIM, from 12,000feet. Greenish flashes were observed in target area following burst of bombs, No fires observed.
Bombs dropped through clouds by CB.864 in DUISBURG – ESSEN area. Five A.A. gun emplacements bombed, but results not observed.
Target not located by CB.865 owing to low 10/10 cloud. Bombs were brought back.
CB.866 reports, original target (M.61) not located owing to thick cloud over area. Bombed aerodrome near ARNHEIM from 6,000feet and machine-gunned same from 2,000feet. Hits observed on hangar and on landing ground. Incendiaries overshot target and did no damage.
Five bombs were dropped over FLUSHING aerodrome by CB.874, bursts were observed, but not pin-pointed.
A large number of aerodromes were noticed to be carrying out night flying in HOLLAND, BELGIUM and FRANCE.
A.A. Fire was very heavy and accurate in the FRANKFURT area.
Searchlights active and very heavily concentrated in all main target areas.
CB.831 reports, attacking one twin engine Bomber (type unknown) as it was coming to land at NIVELLS aerodrome. The attack was successful, the Frint Gunner shooting the aircraft down in flames and it crashed on the flare path.
Weather was perfect in the FRANKFURT area, but very cloudy in the RUHR district.
Navigation by D/R, homing bearings and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.857 C.38

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. McCrum, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 06:00

01/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116, A.17, F.40, and SOEST
Eleven Wellington aircraft took part, in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried, consisting of 500lbs G.P. bombs, 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action bombs, and containers of incendiaries.
One returning to base from a raid on HANOVER, CB passed over an aerodrome, presumed to be FELTWELL. Permission to land was granted, and an approach made using landing light. Thick haze made landing difficult, and another circuit made. Attempted other landing as fuel getting low, but lost sight of flare path on turning in. Just before touching down, line of trees appeared ahead of aircraft, hit these and burst into flames. The crew got clear of aircraft before bomb load (brought back) exploded, as a result of which explosion aircraft totally destroyed. Actually aircraft landed in field short of flare path at East Wrotham, Honnington Satellite aerodrome.
CB.921 reports, descended to 500 feet in target area on D/R but unsuccessful in getting below cloud. Target not located and bombs brought back. Target located at 23.40 hours by CB.914 and bombs dropped at 23.45 hours. Bursts observed on target area, but unable to see extent of damage owing to bad visibility.
CB.900 reports three terrific explosions from incendiaries in target area, and 250lbs bombs seen to burst in same place. Level attack made from 11,000ft the incendiaries being dropped on the first run.
Target located and bombed by CB.901 Results not observed owing to intense searchlights and A.A. fire.
CB.904 reports, Primary target not located owing to engine trouble. EINDHOVEN aerodrome bombed. Flare path and obstruction lights extinguished when a stick of three bombs was dropped across it at 12,000 feet at 22.46 hours. Large explosions observed.
CB.905 reports, on reaching area a flare was dropped, showing up ground clearly, and enabling target to be identified, attack then made from 11,000 feet in a South Westerly direction. Bursts observed and a line of fires started, about 7 or 9 in all and a further explosion seen. Fires still burning on leaving area.
CB.908 and CB.909 failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back.
CB.916 and CB.917 reports, that they located targets and bombed same, but results not observed due to cloud. Only observations, a large circle of lights mainly white with a few red seen, between BREMEN and BREMERHAVEN, presumably aerodrome or dummy on Eastern edge of MUNSTER, three red flares fired from ground formed isosceles triangle. On the whole A.A. was heavy, especially over HANOVER and between HAMM and ROTTERDAM.
Searchlights very active, but due to thick cloud layers and haze, they were ineffective. Weather taken all round was poor, on way out to targets, 8-10/10 cloud was encountered, while over actual targets almost clear with only hazy conditions. Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3218 AA-T
Raid No. CB.909 B.50

P/O Donald Joseph Harkness, RAF 41694 – Pilot.
P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Henderson, RAF – Navigator.
Sgt. Humphries, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. McLean, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 04:40
Flight Time 07:55

18/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets M.480, Z.40, and Le Havre
Nine Wellington aircraft took part in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. G.P. bombs, fused N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while one flash bomb was carried by CB.142.
CB.130 reports that owing to cloud results were unobserved, but a large fire was seen to be started in vicinity of target.
CB.132 and CB.142 report that results were not observed.
CB.138 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick. Bursts were observed to straddle outer harbour and one fire was started on quay followed by two reddish glows in harbour area.
CB.139 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick from the South West diagonally across the outer dock area. Owing to intense barrage of flak and searchlights, results were not observed. The attack was made from slightly under 7000 feet.
CB.140 dropped one stick from East to West. Bursts were observed on central jetty. Two fires observed when leaving target, one of which exploded with yellow glow about eight times at irregular intervals.
CB141 reports that three searchlights were extinguished by 500lbs. N.D.T. bomb. Results of 250 lbs. and incendiaries not observed.
CB.143 reports that target was bombed from 9000 feet. Bursts were observed on the northern end of target and immediately fires started, to be followed by several large explosions, one of which was of particular brilliance throwing much lighted debris into the air. Fires were still burning on leaving target.
CB.144 reports that all bombs burst on and around marshalling yards. Fires still burning after three quarters of an hour.
Several large ships observed both inside and outside harbour. Barges seen in main basins. Aerodrome with flare path and obstruction lights was seen near LIEGE and three aircraft seen in neighbourhood with navigation lights on. Two flashing beacons on point S.E. of target and near mouth of inlet at LE HAVRE.
Fairly heavy A.A. Fire was experienced in all target areas.
Searchlights were active as usual.
CB.139 reports one enemy aircraft flying over LE HAVRE. It was burning navigation lights and fired a 4-star white cartridge. Three heavy type seen in vicinity of flare-path near LIEGE by CB.143, while CB.144 reports one unidentified enemy aircraft with navigation lights on.
Cloud varying from 3/10 to 10/10 was experienced on journey to and from the target. Weather very good in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, homing bearings and W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3171 AA-E
Raid No. CB.130 Le Havre

P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – Pilot.
Sgt. Alfred Joseph Green, RAF 741824 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Joseph Edward McCormick, RAF 580801 – Navigator.
Sgt. Lewis Alan White, RAF 626213 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAF 755134 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lindsay Douglas Anderson, RNZAF NZ391321 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:40 – Landed 23:40
Flight Time 05:00

20/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Enemy Territory
Nine Wellington aircraft wee detailed to carry out the above operations. The bomb load was made up of 250lbs. bombs and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.157 reports that a large fire was started in docks standing alongside No. 1 basin (with lockgate) and seen to burn for 50 minutes, and grow to size of a hangar. Lockgates were hit with a stick of 10 – 250lbs. bombs.
CB.158 reports that all bombs were dropped in one stick bursting down dock area between the two basins. One large fire started. Still burning 20 minutes later.
CB.159 reports that one stick laid across docks observed to make direct hits. Fires and explosions followed which could be seen on second climb. One stick five N.D.T. and one S.B.C. laid longitudinal across 15/20,000 tone vessel. First bomb 40-50yds astern, remainder either direct hits or very near misses.
CB.160 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick across harbour entrance. Large fires observed on N.E. side of harbour mouth started by incendiaries.
CB.162 reports eight bombs burst in target area though no fires started. A large fire was started in the deck area but was apparently caused by a machine bombing at exactly the same time.
CB.164 dropped one stick of six 250lbs bombs on N.W. heading which was seen to burst in vicinity of tidal basin. One stick of five 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. dropped on S.E. heading was seen to burst on jetty of fish harbour. Incendiary fires observed to seaward side of fort on north side of harbour entrance.
CB.165 dropped first stick in Nos. 1 and 2 basins heading 180° approximately. A second stick and one S.B.C. was dropped in No.3 Basin heading 045° approximately.
One stick and S.B.C was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bombs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area. CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB159 signalling in morse short distances from Belgium coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mid-channel. Parachute flare dropped and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made. Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E
Raid No. CB.161

P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – Pilot.
Sgt. Alfred Joseph Green, RAF 741824 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Joseph Edward McCormick, RAF 580801 – Navigator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAF 755134 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lindsay Douglas Anderson, RNZAF NZ391321 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Lewis Alan White, RAF 626213 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed missing
Flight Time missing

Wellington Mk.1c T.2463 AA-E,  was shot down by coastal anti-aircraft batteries, crashing near Leffinge, Belgium, 8km South South West of Ostend. All crew members were killed.

P/O Michael Ryves Braun, RAF 42390 – Pilot.
Killed age 19.
Son of Walter W. Braun and of Mariquila Braun (Nee Ryves), of Wimbledon, Surrey.
Buried Ostende New Communal Cemetery, Belgium..
Grave location – Plot 9. Row 4. Grave 3.
‘… and left the vivid air Signed with their honour’

Sgt. Alfred Joseph Green, RAFVR 741824 – 2nd Pilot.
Killed age 31.
Son of Mary and Thomas Green; Husband of Agnes Theresa Green, of New Costessey, Norwich. Father of Michael Francis Bernard Green and Phillppa Mary Green.
Buried Adegem Canadian War Cemetery, Belgium..
Grave location – Coll. grave XII. H. 1-5.
‘R.I.P.’

Sgt. Joseph Edward Mccormick, RAF 580801 – Observer.
Killed age 25.
Son of Joseph and Emily Mccormick, of Southsea, Hampshire.
Buried Adegem Canadian War Cemetery, Belgium..
Grave location – Coll. grave XII. H. 1-5.
‘Passed on To the higher life’

Sgt. Lewis Alan White, RAF 626213 – Front Gunner.
Killed age 20.
Son of Mr. and Mrs. H. C. White, of Derby.
Buried Adegem Canadian War Cemetery, Belgium..
Grave location – Coll. grave XII. H. 1-5.
‘Everlasting rememberance Of our dear son. Mam, dad and family’

Sgt. Norman Macdonald, RAFVR 755134 – Wireless Operator.
Killed age 24.
Son of Charles and Margaret MacDonald, of Dundee, Scotland.
Buried Adegem Canadian War Cemetery, Belgium..
Grave location – Coll. grave XII. H. 1-5.
‘Loved dearly in life And living yet In the hearts of those Who will never forget’

Sgt. Lindsay Douglas  Anderson, RNZAF NZ391321 – Rear Gunner .
Killed age 20.
Son of Robert Douglas and Stella Margaret anderson, of Napier, Hawke’S Bay. New Zealand.
Buried Adegem Canadian War Cemetery, Belgium..
Grave location – Coll. grave XII. H. 1-5.