O.R. Matheson crew 01.02.41

28/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.72, Z.82, Z.83.
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out the above attacks. The bomb load was made up of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., delayed action; and S.A.P. delayed action, 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries.

CB.402 dropped one stick of bombs on target which overshot into shipbuilding yards on South Eastern side of river. Bursts observed and fires from incendiaries, also one fire from one of bomb bursts.

CB.403 dropped one stick from 11,500 feet. Two bombs landed in water, also incendiary. One bomb believed to have hit floating dock of GNEISENAU. One bomb hit docks South of GNEISENAU.

CB.404 reports that results were not observed due to A.A. and searchlight activity, hazy conditions.

CB.405 dropped bombs in one stick. Three explosions observed on leaving target, also small fires. One 500lbs. N.D.T. dropped on WILHELMSHAVEN Aerodrome. Results unobserved.

CB.415 reports that results were not observed owing to cloud and gun flashes.

Bombs were seen by CB.416 to burst on target. One large explosion and a fire started.

CB.420 reports bomb flashes in middle of dock at ANTWERP.

CB421 dropped three 250lbs. N.D.T. on fire in neighbourhood of target, but results unobserved.

CB.422 reports that end of stick fell on aerodrome. Two fires started south of target.

CB.432 reports that primary target was obscured by heavy cloud. Attack was made on Z.110 at GHENT. Bombs observed to burst, and incendiaries started fires on west side of the aerodrome.

Three white flashing beacons observed near HAAMSEDE. Fires observed probably ANTWERP and OSTEND. White beacon flashing “M” at GILZENKIRCHEN target.

A medium amount of heavy flak was experienced. This was fairly accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
Nine enemy aircraft were seen West of ANTWERP. Weather was clear over target areas. Cloud over North Sea and Dutch Coast.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, Q.D.M’s W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2474 AA-W
Raid No. CB.422 Z.83 (Z.82 attacked as secondary target)

Sgt. Wilson, RAF – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Brett, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Sills, RAF – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Skelly, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Thomas James Desmond Baber, RNZAF NZ39857 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:05 – Landed 21:10
Flight Time 03:05

08/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.487 and A.70
Eight Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets.
A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. Delayed action, 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.

RCP.164 dropped bombs in one stick from West to East and bursts observed in eastern sector of town and on marshalling yards. Fires were started by incendiaries on Western boundary of town and on Eastern boundary of marshalling yards.

RCP.189 dropped bombs on target from 11,000 feet. Fires observed from incendiaries and small explosions resulted.

RCP.336 dropped one stick from East to West on Marshalling Yard, resulting in a row of large fires from which sixteen explosions of different colours were observed burning for 60 miles after leaving target.

RCP.415 reports fires and explosions in target area.

RCP.435 reports that high explosives and incendiaries were seen to burst on aerodrome. Incendiaries started two medium fires which burnt with red flames.

RCP.545 reports fires and explosions in target. Fires also observed from previous attack.

S/Ldr, Bain reports direct hits on track and sheds. Extensive fires and continuous explosions seen after leaving target, visible for 30 mins on return journey. Attacked form 3000 feet.

P/O Hankins released bombs in one stick on Eastern end of target. Bursts observed in target area and fires started by incendiaries. Still burning after leaving target.
Two illuminated flarepaths observed in vicinity of BRUGES AERODROME. Dimly illuminated flarepath observed two miles S.S.E. MANNHEIM. Convoy sighted off East Coast steaming North East, position 52° 10N, 01°50E. Challenged and fired at immediately. Firing ceased on showing colour of period.
Intense medium and heavy A.A. fire on route between MANNHEIM and MUNICH. Very intense medium flak with heavy flak at MUNICH.
Searchlights were fairly numerous and accurate in all areas.
A few enemy aircraft were seen in various parts of route. Weather was good, apart from haze over English Coast on return.
Navigation was by D/R map reading, Astro, Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2474 AA-W
Raid No. RCP.45 A.70

Sgt. Wilson, RAF – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Brett, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Skelly, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Brenton Murray Sheppard, RNZAF NZ39977 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off not listed – Landed not listed
Flight Time not listed

12/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.71.
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above target. The bomb load consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, containers of incendiaries, while CAN.103 carried one flash bomb.

CAN.103, CAN.508, and CAN.185 all failed to locate the target and bombs were brought back. The flash Bomb was dropped in the sea.

CAN.317 reports that no results were observed owing to low cloud, but flarepath at ARNHEIM AERODROME hit.

CAN.360 failed to locate primary target owing to 10/10 cloud. Bombs released on railway line and canal, D/R position in vicinity of target area. Bursts observed across railway line and canal.

CAN.760 dropped one stick from 12,000 feet. Bombs fell western area of docks (target M.61). Bomb flashes seen through cloud.

CAN.880 reports that bombs were seen to explode. Glare of fires visible on clouds.

Owing to heavy cloud no observations were made and no reconnaissance carried out.
Very little A.A. fire was encountered.
NO searchlights were experienced and no enemy aircraft encountered.
Weather was not good there being heavy cloud and icing conditions.
Navigation was mainly by D/R, with W/T and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c N.2854 AA-?
Raid No. CAN.317 A.71 (Arnheim aerodrome attacked as secondary target)

Sgt. Wilson, RAF – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Brett, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Skelly, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Thomas James Desmond Baber, RNZAF NZ39857 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:25 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 05:30

14/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against targets G.30, CC.47, SOESTERBURG AERODROME, AND SCHIPOL
Nine Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above targets.

A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action, 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.

STY.101 dropped one stick from East to West on target and bursts were observed just short of target, all in marshalling yard areas. Incendiaries still burning fiercely 20 mins after leaving target.

STY.255 dropped one 500lbs. and three S.B.C. in one stick from N.W to S.E. Three large fires and one white explosion in middle of fires believed to be just on Western side of target. One 250lbs. and one 500lbs. dropped in second stick from same direction. Explosions observed.

STY.404 reports bomb burst observed of 500lbs. N.D.T. on buildings on S.E. of aerodrome. Incendiaries dropped in same area as height only 4000 feet. Incendiaries subsequently merged into two persistent fires, observed until disappeared in mist on return journey.

STY.459 reports that the target was bombed successfully.

STY.504 reports target successfully bombed. After leaving target rear gunner reports further explosions.

STY.638 reports numerous fires in target area and many explosions. Fires visible approximately 40 miles from target on return journey.

STY.777 reports that bombs were observed to burst on target. Fire reported seen by rear gunner.

STY.851 dropped one stick from 12,000 feet. Explosions seen and small fires seen on leaving target. Bombs fell along marshalling yards.

STY.930 reports bombs seen to explode but results not observed owing to searchlight activity and avoiding action. Number of flarepaths in operation. Revolving beacons seen at various parts of route.

Heavy A.A. fire in BERLIN up to 30 miles West, fairly accurate. Intermittent flak experienced on route.
Intense searchlight activity in parts of target areas; fairly accurate.
Several enemy aircraft seen in target areas.
Cloud experienced on route, but target areas clear.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, W/T, and HF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c N.2854 AA-?
Raid No. STY.- Soesterburg aerodrome

Sgt. Wilson, RAF – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. North, RAF – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Skelly, RAF – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Thomas James Desmond Baber, RNZAF NZ39857 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:35 – Landed 02:16
Flight Time 03:41

16/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.248, M.245, SOESTERBURG, and SCHIPOL AERODROME
Nine Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs delayed action, 250lbs. Delayed action, 250 lbs. N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries. UNS.237 reports nine- tenths cloud over whole of target area. Bombs released in one stick and pinpointed as near as possible, slightly to West of target on heading of North magnetic.

UNS.400 dropped one stick from 13,500 feet. Target not observed but flew from centre of HAMBURG. Bursts seen through clouds.

UNS.518 reports that results were not observed.

UNS.553 reports that little results were seen owing to cloud, but bombs fell on docks.

UNS.683 failed to identify target, and bombs were brought back.

UNS.695. reports that bombs were seen to explode in target area.

UNS.726 dropped bombs, but results were not observed.

UNS.768 dropped bombs in one stick. Results not observed owing to bomb aimer being blinded by a small burst immediately beneath aircraft. Searchlights were also intense and held the aircraft during the run up to the target.

UNS.904 failed to locate the target owing to 9/10 cloud. Docks observed through intermittent holes in cloud, and bombs released on dock area. Bursts not observed.

White lights flashing approximately 20 miles off Dutch Coast in morse – position 52* 31’N, 03* 33’E. Thirty to forty balloons at 8,000 feet in region of AMSTERDAM and target. UNS.518 challenged by member of convoy of shipping a few miles off English Coast on return.
There was a fair amount of heavy and light flak. There was a large number of searchlights, but they were hampered by cloud.
Two enemy aircraft were observed, but no attacks made.
There was heavy cloud over the target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, W/T, MF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3284 AA-O
Raid No. UNS.768 Schipol aerodrome

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emney, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:35 – Landed 21:10
Flight Time 03:35

23/11/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets M.66, M.499, BOULOGNE, BERLIN
Eleven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. S.A.P. 1/10 delay; 500lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. Delayed action 250lbs. N.D.T.; 250 lbs. delayed action; containers of incendiaries, while XUK.463 carried one flash bomb.

XUK.163 dropped one stick on station heading 220* Mag. One explosion and S.B.C. seen in target area by rear gunner either on station or yards, railway lines clearly observed. Target was pinpointed by position of two lakes east of BERKENWERDER and also by Tiergarten.

XUK.176 dropped one stick from 13,500 feet. Bomb burst seen amongst buildings in target area.

XUK.328 reports fires and explosions observed slightly north of target.

XUK.463 reports bombs seen to burst but results unobserved owing to searchlights and ground mist.

XUK.513 reports bombs seen to explode and fires started, followed by minor explosions.

XUK.565 failed to observe results owing to low cloud and ground haze. Bombs definitely seen to burst near target area.

XUK.615 reports bomb bursts observed in target area on East side of the river Rhine. Incendiaries caused two small fires.

XUK.709 reports large fires and explosions observed from 10-12 miles form target.

XUK.770 was unable to locate target owing to cloud and was recalled to base. Bombs were jettisoned safe over sea.

XUK.840 reports incendiaries only observed, numerous fires resulting. No other results observed due to intense searchlight activity.

XUK.917 reports all bombs seen to burst. Incendiaries burst on last bomb flash.

Fires, apparently dummy, seen N.W. of HANOVER. Convoy observed in North Sea 30 miles East of HARWICH being attacked at South end. GHENT well lit up, practically no blackout.
A.A. fire was fairly intense and accurate in all areas.
Searchlights were intense and moderately accurate. A number of enemy aircraft were seen. XUK.917 reports being attacked by two or more in target area.
Opened fired with red and gree tracer, and did a climbing turn straight at them. Did not see them again.
Weather in target areas was clear. Cloud was experienced at various parts of routes.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, MF/DF, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2474 AA-W
Raid No. XUK.615 M.66

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Emney, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Walter Lionel Gosden, RNZAF NZ39859 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:07 – Landed 22:20
Flight Time 04:13

06/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Area 1, Area 2, Area 3.
Thirteen Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above targets.

AGN.260 failed to locate the target and jettisoned bombs.

AGN.614 and AGN.967 also failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 250lbs. D/A and N.D.T., containers of 40lbs. G.P., and containers of light case incendiaries.

AGN.159 failed to observe results owing to low cloud.

AGN.375 reports bombs dropped on aerodromes at ABBEYVILLE, NANTES, LES MEEREAUX, and EVEREAUX. Bursts were observed.

AGN.557 reports VILLACOMBLEY AERODROME bombed with one container of incendiaries. Hangar seen burning, and also one fire seen near hangar.

Two 250lbs. N.D.T. dropped on GLISY AERODROME, but results were unobserved. Six 250 lbs. N.D.T., 2 S.B.C. 40lbs., and one S.B.C. incendiaries dropped on CALAIS DOCKS, but results were unobserved.

AGN.574 bombed CHATEAU D’UN and bursts were seen on Flare path. Bombs were dropped on BOULGNE DOCKS bit owing to searchlight activity, no results were observed.

AGN.595 dropped bombs on VILLACOUBLEY AERODROME.

AGN.659 attacked VILLACOUBLEY and ORLAY, and bombs were seen to burst across flarepaths of aerodromes. Big explosions seen by rear gunner at ORLAY.

AGN.764 bombed TOURS aerodrome. Bursts were seen followed by a series of explosions.

AGN.769 reports hits on hangars at CHARTRES, CHATEAU D’UN, and large clouds of smoke and debris were seen with fires burning in each case. Two bombs were dropped on CALAIS DOCKS and caused a fire which persisted after leaving.

AGN.856 bombed RPYE AERODROME and DUNKIRK, and fires were left at both places.

F/Lt. Gilbert reports that results were not observed owing to searchlight and light flak activity, but one fire was seen on N.W. corner of inner basin at CALAIS.

Many dummy flarepaths were seen. The blackout in Paris and suburbs was very poor.
Intense A.A. fire was experienced in parts of target area.
Intense and accurate searchlight activity was encountered at parts of route.
A number of enemy aircraft were seen, but no attacks made.
Heavy cloud, with icing conditions, was experienced in some aarts of target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, landfalls, map reading, W/T, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3284 AA-O
Raid No. AGN.574 Area 2 (Chateau D’Un Boulgne Docks attacked as secondary target)

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:55 – Landed 01:40
Flight Time 05:45

09/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target CC.26
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. The bomb load was a mixed one and consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., containers of incendiaries, while MS.342 carried one flash bomb.
MSW.112 dropped bombs in one stick on dicks on west side of harbour, but results were unobserved.
MSW.155 observed bomb bursts on S.W. of dock area. Fires from incendiaries followed by explosions in same area.
MSW.226 dropped bombs in stick. Three bursts observed and some incendiaries seen burning on West side of river in main dock area abreast of two 150 ton cranes and about 30-60yds from water front and between “Y” shaped dry dock and lower of two bridges.
MSW.296 failed to observe results which were indistinguishable from flak fire.
MSW.342 dropped bombs in stick from railway bridge towards estuary.
MSW.487 dropped bombs in one stick from 12000 feet. Bursts were observed followed by explosions in target area.
MSW.577 saw bombs burst in target area on South side of river followed by minor explosions and one large after five mins.
MSW.704 reports explosions in target area.
Dummy fires and explosions were seen on marshland 10 miles east of LORIENT. MSW.112 encountered two balloons at 11,200 and three at 11,000 feet over harbour itself. Flak ships observed in harbour approaches.
A moderate amount of light, medium, and heavy flak was experienced at parts of target areas, but this was not very accurate.
Searchlights were fairly active and accurate.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
The weather was clear over target area, but cloud was experienced on return journey.
Navigation was by D/R, D/F, Q.D.M’s, and map reading.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3284 AA-O
Raid No. MSW.296 CC.26

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 16:55 – Landed 23:59
Flight Time 07:04

11/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Boulogne and Mannheim
Five Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets.
The bomb load consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., containers of incendiaries.
DYG.114 dropped bombs in salvo. Two good fires were started and observed on North side of dock area; burning when seven minutes on homeward journey.
DYG.280 brought bombs back owing to intense ice conditions at FLUSHING.
DYG.502 dropped stick of bombs across docks. Cloud obscured any other observations.
DYG.532 reports several fires started in target area. Some still in sight when we were over CALAIS.
DYG.927 reports large explosions after small fire started. Small fires along railway.
Dummy flarepath seen approximately six miles North of IJMUIDEN in Holland. Aerodrome working at GHENT.
Some heavy A.A> fire was experienced at CAPE GRIS NEZ and CALAIS. Very little over target areas.
Slight searchlight activity was experienced over BOULOGNE and CALAIS. Searchlights were ineffective over MANNHEIM owing to cloud.
A number of enemy aircraft were seen at various parts of route, but no attacks were made.
ten-tenths cloud was experienced over MANNHEIM and RUHR areas. Icing conditions were also experienced.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, and Q.D.M’s.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3284 AA-O
Raid No. DYG.280 Mannheim (did not bomb)

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Scrivener, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. William John Murland, RNZAF NZ391867 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:10 – Landed 00:20
Flight Time 07:10

13/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target N.62
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
MSC.125 failed to observe results owing to 10/10 cloud, 6000-7000 feet.
MSC.175 dropped bombs over target area, but results were not observed owing to cloud.
Except for reflection of fires seen on clouds, results were unobserved by MSC.361.
MXC.428 failed to locate primary target but bombed flak emplacement at BREMEN.
MSC.795 dropped bombs in one stick over BREMEN.
It was impossible to pinpoint position of bursts due to complete cloud cover.
MSC.868 failed to observe results owing to cloud.
S/L. Bain reports bombs straddled hangars at SCHIPOL, causing fires which spread after two or three mins. Three large explosions occurred.
P/O. Morton bombed target through 10/10 cloud.
A number of ships were seen at sea at various parts of route.
Three ships at berths at ENKHUISEN.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire was experienced over target area. Very little activity elsewhere.
Searchlights were ineffective over target area due to cloud. Many, very effective, over AMSTERDAM.
A number of enemy aircraft were seen at various parts of route, but no attacks were made.
Heavy cloud was experienced over almost whole of route and in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, Astro, Q.D.M’s and D/F.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3284 AA-O
Raid No. MSC.125 N.62

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Navigator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. William John Murland, RNZAF NZ391867 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 16:55 – Landed 21:55
Flight Time 05:00

16/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target D.55
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above target. Two of these machines, LTG.477 and LTG.544 failed to locate the target, the former jettisoning bombs on waste ground near AACHEN. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. B.D.T., 250lbs. N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries.
LTG.144 bombed the target, and a large fire was observed. Bombs were dropped in one stick by LTG.228 and fires were started.
LTG.293 dropped bombs on target and reports fires and explosions.
LTG.384 reports incendiaries and bombs observed to burst in target area. Small explosions seen from incendiaries.
LTG.417 dropped stick of bombs across railway station.
LTG.566 identified the target and dropped bombs in area.
LTG.746 dropped bombs in one stick. All bursts observed amongst fires in target area.
F/Lt. Kain reports that the target was bombed.
Numerous fires seen in target area. Intense light and heavy flak, not accurate.
Searchlights were active in target area, but hampered by moon-light.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Weather was good over target area. Cloud at various parts of route.
Navigation was by D/R, map reading, W/T. and astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2835 AA-C
Raid No. LTG.384 D.55

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Navigator.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. William John Murland, RNZAF NZ391867 – Rear Gunner . listed as Merlin – but a typo – should be Murland

Take Off 00:30 – Landed 06:35
Flight Time 06:05

19/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against Target A.71
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. Three of these aircraft, RWA.258, RWA.551 and RWA.752, failed to locate the target. The bomb load carried consisted of 500lbs. N.D.T., and containers of incendiaries.
RWA.191 reports explosions observed reflected on cloud base about two minutes after bombs had exploded.
RWA.213 bombed on E.T.A. owing to 10/10 cloud.
RWA.392 dropped bombs in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts and four following explosions observed.
RWA.669 bombed area of HOMBERG through gap in clouds. No apparent fires caused by incendiaries. Five or six explosions observed 3-5 mins after bombing.
RWA.857 dropped bombs in one stick. No observations were made.
There was no A.A. fire except at HERTONGENBOSCH where heavy flak, accurate for direction but not for height, was fired through 10/10 cloud.
No searchlights were experienced.
One enemy fighter was seen over Germany. No attack.
Weather was not good 10/10 cloud being experienced over whole journey.
Navigation was by D/R, astro, W/T, Q.D.M.’s and HF/DF.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. RWA.191 A.71

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:05 – Landed 04:55
Flight Time 04:50

22/12/1940 – Bombing Attacks Against targets D.55 and Flushing
Twelve Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft,DMU.692, captained SGT. Chuter, failed to return. DMU.936 failed to locate target and bombs were bought back. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. N.D.T., 500lbs. N.D.T. and delayed action, 250lbs. delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
DMU.288 reports explosions and fires seen, but damage was unobserved.
DMU.303 reports numerous fires started by incendiaries in target area. Two other bomb loads dropped near by.
DMU.444 reports 1000lbs. bomb seen to land on or very near railway. Incendiary bombs not dropped.
DMU.494 reports several large fires caused, still burning when area was left.
DMU.515 dropped bombs on south perimeter of target along railway. Small fires started. Several large white explosions 3-5 mins after leaving target.
DMU.588 reports bombs and incendiaries seen to burst in the target area. Two fires persisting from the incendiaries, and one large fire, visible 17 mins after leaving, from the bomb bursts obscured in cloud after this time.
DMU.738 reports centre of town bombed and a large fire observed with six white explosions some minutes afterwards.
DMU.781 dropped bombs in two sticks over city causing one large line of fires quarter of a mile long. From these fires 15 to 20 large explosions were observed.
DMU.804 failed to locate target owing to low cloud, but bombed an aerodrome in France, RHEIMS AREA. Seven fires started. Six large explosions five mins later, presumably aircraft.
DMU.943 reports bombs seen to burst in target area amongst other fires, causing explosions.
Several flarepaths were observed at various parts of route. Large dummy town 30 miles S.E. of MANNHEIM and dummy fire seen in middle of town. Blackout very bad over ANTWERP and Belgium. Much snow in Germany.
Fairly intense A.A. fire experienced over MANNHEIM. Very little experienced elsewhere.
There was not much searchlight activity.
DMU.804 reports being attacked by one ME.110 five mins. after bombing. This machine was hit but not brought down (60 rounds fired by front gunner).
Low cloud was experienced at various parts and target areas.
Navigation was by D/R. W/T.Q.D.M’s, and astro.

Wellington Mk.1c R.7848 AA-?
Raid No. DMU.588 D.55

P/O Edgar Bernard Richard Lockwood, RAF 89584 – Pilot.
P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAF 84010 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Emeny, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Coventry Heppenstall, RNZAF NZ391382 – Front Gunner.
P/O Edward Thomas Wilcox, RAF 78758 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 17:10 – Landed 23:10
Flight Time 06:00

01/02/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Boulogne
Two Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft, NCP.543, failed to locate the target. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs. And containers of incendiaries.
NCP.794 reports that hits were observed in target area by rear gunner.
A fire or beacon could be seen 20 miles North of BOLOGNE.
Heavy and light inaccurate A.A. fire was experienced. Between 20 and 30 searchlights operated in target area.
No enemy aircraft were observed.
The weather was fairly good.
Navigation was by D/R, map reading, and pin-points.

Wellington Mk.Ic L.7848 AA-V

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Green, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Douglas Rolfe, RAFVR 911408 – Observer.
Sgt. Richard Shuttleworth Blackwell, RAFVR 751892 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Davies, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Herbert Owen Turner, RNZAF NZ401467 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 05:33 – Landed 09:10
Flight Time 03:37

14/02/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Targets at Gelsenkirchen
Twelve Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. Bombs were seen to burst in target area, and many fires were observed. Dummy fires were seen near the target. Heavy and medium A.A. fire was encountered in the target area and on route. Searchlights were active from the Dutch coast to target. No enemy aircraft were seen. The weather was fine, but there was some ground mist.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Sargent, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Herbert Owen Turner, RNZAF NZ401467 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:45 – Landed 01:05
Flight Time 06:20

21/02/1941 – Bombing Attacks on Wilhelmshaven
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. One of the aircraft, JAH.124, captained by P/O Falconer, failed to return to base. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 1000lbs. 500lbs. 250 lbs. and containers of incendiaries. JAH.243 bombed docks at EMDEN. Incendiaries not observed; 500lbs. bombs seen to explode in target area. Owing to front and rear turrets being unserviceable, JAH.460 returned to base. Bombs were jettisoned in sea. JAH.598 reports bombs seen to explode on docks. Incendiaries seen to cause large fires. JAH.607 reports one good fire, and three minor fires. JAH.969 dropped in vicinity of target area. JAH.996 bombed on ETA and heaviest flak concentration. Bomb bursts seen under cloud. No observations were made, and no reconnaissance carried out. The A.A. fire encountered was medium and inaccurate. There were few searchlights, mostly operating in cones. No enemy aircraft were seen. There was 10/10 cloud over most of the journey, with severe icing conditions. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, map reading, pin points.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Sargent, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:00 – Landed 00:25
Flight Time 05:25

23/02/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Boulogne
Eight Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. Three of these aircraft failed to locate the target (WLR.245, WLR.807, WLR.948). A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 1000lbs., 500lbs., 250lbs., and containers of incendiaries. WLR.319 bombed the dock area at BOULOGNE. WLR.519 reports bombs burst in target area, and fires were observed. WLR.547 reports two bombs seen to burst in dock area, 250lbs. not seen to burst. WLR.867 bombed target and saw bursts across docks. Small fires started. Explosions observed by rear gunner. WLR.398 reports that bomb bursts were not seen, owing to layer of cloud blowing across target. S.B.C’s seen to light in target area. A number of parachute flares were seen shot up on coast near Calais. A.A. fire was intense and fairly accurate. Searchlights were numerous un target area. One enemy aircraft was seen. Eight tenths to 10/10 cloud was experienced over target area. Navigation was by map reading, D/R, and pin points.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Sargent, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:00 – Landed 23:05
Flight Time 04:05

26/02/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Cologne
Nine Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. Bombs were seen to burst in the target area and fires were started. Fairly accurate heavy to medium and light A.A. fire was encountered, and searchlights were intense and accurate over Holland and the target area. A few enemy aircraft were seen but no attacks made. The weather was fairly good over most of the journey, but ground haze covered the target.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Sargent, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:10 – Landed 00:25
Flight Time 05:15

03/03/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Cologne
Eleven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. UNL.218 reported decision to turn back owing to wireless not acting correctly. A mixed bomb load was carried consisting of 1000lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs and cases of incendiaries. UNL.205 reports dropped stick of bombs across target. UNL.218 bombed HAMMSTEDE AERODROME and bombs burst near flare path.

UNK.633 reports bombs hit Dock Gates North East of Main Gates. UNL.640 reports bombs burst East side of RHINE.

UNL.645 reported red glow observed through target.

UNL.633 observed 2/5 star red cartridges seen and red tracer fired N.E. of HONNINGTON.

Fires were observed in target area and UNL.783 took photographs of Dusseldorf aerodrome. A fair amount of heavy and accurate flak was experienced. Many enemy fighters were observed and UNL.347 observed plane bomb FELTWELL at 1200ft. The weather experienced on this raid was fine and clear. Navigation was by D/R, Astro and Map Reading.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Sargent, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:50 – Landed 01:30
Flight Time 05:40

15/03/1941 – Bombing Attacks Agianst Lorient
Five Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. Owing to fog being experienced on the return journey three of these aircraft landed at ST EVAL and two at BOSCOMBE DOWN. Hits were registered in the target area. The only observations made was that the blackout over FRANCE was bad. Moderate heavy and light flak was encountered and strong concentrations of searchlights were met in the target area. No enemy aircraft were seen. The weather was clear but ground haze was experienced over the target. Navigation was by D/R and astro.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Francis Charles Fox, RNZAF NZ40762 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:00 – Landed 00:30
Flight Time 05:30

18/03/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Kiel and Rotterdam
Eleven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. One of these aircraft. GKN.542, ran short of petrol and crashed at Ryhill, Yorkshire. The crew baled out, but one member, SGT. Gilmore (Wireless Operator) was killed owing to his parachute failing to open. Direct hits were scored and fired started. Two photographs of town and docks were taken by GKN.465. Intense and accurate heavy and light flak was encountered at various parts of route, and there was intense searchlight activity over target area. No enemy aircraft were observed. The weather over the target was fair, but fog was experienced over English coast on return. Navigation was by D/R, pinpoint and astro,

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Ewen Ernest Fotheringham, RNZAF NZ391833 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:50 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 07:40

23/03/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Berlin
Six Wellington aircraft of this Unit carried out individual bombing attacks against the above target. The bomb load was mixed and consisted of 1000 lbs., 50lbs., and containers of incendiaries..
UNL.405 reports incendiaries were seen, through cloud, to ignite, but H.E. not observed.
UNL.548 bombed through 8/10 cloud. Fires were seen to start, and a red glow lit the cloud.
UNL.837 bombed within one mile of target. Flashes, but no results, were observed.
Results were not observed by UNL.896 owing to 9/10 cloud.
UNL.903 dropped incendiaries and H.E. in single stick cross target on N.E. heading, through 9/10 cloud. Explosions not observed.
UNL.951 reports incendiaries burst believed in target area. Two fires started but were quickly controlled. White explosions seen up to 10 mins later.
Four photographs were taken by UNL.405.
A.A. Fire was heavy at some parts of route: fairly accurate.
Searchlights were intense and accurate.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Heavy cloud was experienced over target area and most of route.
Navigation was by D/R, map reading, astro, W/T.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Ewen Ernest Fotheringham, RNZAF NZ391833 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:50 – Landed 04:30
Flight Time 08:40

27/03/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Cologne and Dunkirk?
Nine Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. Bombs were dropped, but owing to haze over target areas bursts were not observed. Five photographs were taken by GKN.832. Searchlights and heavy and light flak were fairly accurate. The weather was fair over route, but have was experienced in target area. Navigation was by D/R, map reading, astro and W/T.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1038 AA-H

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
F/O Graham Noel Parker, RAF 36247 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:20 – Landed 00:50
Flight Time 04:30

03/04/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Brest
Eight Wellington aircraft of this unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above target. SAW728 brought bombs back as nothing could be seen over the target area owing to 10/10 cloud. SAW.898 (Captain , F/O Prichard) collided in mid air with another aircraft, believed to be a Blenheim, was badly damaged and force landed at Boscombe Down. The rear gunner of SAW.898 (F/O Brown), shot down one Me.110 and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (Immediate). Owing to cloud, results were not observed. No observations or reconnaissance were made, but five photographs were attempted by SAW.778. Heavy and light flak was experienced at many parts of target area, and this was fairly accurate. Searchlights were numerous but not very accurate.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Ewen Ernest Fotheringham, RNZAF NZ391833 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:00 – Landed 01:40
Flight Time 06:40

06/04/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Brest
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. Owing to heavy cloud over target area, the operation was not successful, eight aircraft failing to locate target. The bomb load consisted of 500 S.A.P.
CDS.388 reports two explosions, the first one large and coloured red.
Results were not observed by CDS.798 as bombs were dropped on flak concentration.
Two photographs were attempted by CDS.565.
Heavy and light A.A. Fire was experienced at many parts of target.
Few searchlights were in operation, but these were useless owing to cloud.
A few enemy aircraft were seen, but no attacks were made. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, astro.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1162 AA-Y

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Ewen Ernest Fotheringham, RNZAF NZ391833 – 2nd Pilot.
F/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:40 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 06:05

07/04/1941 – Bombing Attack on Targets at Kiel
Eleven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. The weather was good and bombs were seen to burst on or very near the targets. Fires were observed over the whole of the target area. A.A. fire was fairly heavy and intense. Searchlights operated mainly in cones and were fairly accurate. A number of enemy aircraft were seen but no attacks developed. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, astro and map reading

Wellington Mk.Ic N/L AA-

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Ewen Ernest Fotheringham, RNZAF NZ391833 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:40 – Landed 05:00
Flight Time 06:20

09/04/1941 – Bombing Attacks Against Berlin
Nine Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks against the above targets. The target area was bombed and a number od fires started. One photograph of Templehoff Aerodrome was taken by XRY.645. A.A. fire was fairly intense and accurate, and searchlights were numerous and also accurate. XRY.347 reports being attacked by cannon fighter over Zuider Zee. He also attacked a Dornier three miles off Yuimuden. Good weather was experienced. Navigation was by D/R, map reading, astro and W/T.

Wellington Mk.Ic R.1409 AA-N

P/O Oliver Rayner Matheson, RAFVR 84010 – Pilot.
Sgt. Robert Ewen Ernest Fotheringham, RNZAF NZ391833 – 2nd Pilot.
P/O George Eric Fowler, RAFVR 86427 – Observer.
Sgt. Robert Alexander Newton, RAFVR 6511971 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Crossley, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. John Henry Charles Wakefield, RNZAF NZ40929 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:20 – Landed 04:05
Flight Time 07:45