R.M. Curtis crew 17.08.40

Richard Melville Curtis crew

15/05/1940 – Bombing Attack on Target A.79 (Holten Sterkrade) and Target A.H.18 (Bridges at Turnhout)
Three aircraft attempted to attack target A.79 and three A.H.18, all attacks being made independently.
Aircraft on target A.79 carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. fused 50% N.D.T. and 50% 6,8 and 12 hour delay.
Aircraft on target A.H.18 carried 12 – 250lbs G.P. 50% N.D.T and 50% 3,6,8 and 12 hours delay.
Only TCB.210 able to find target owing to exceptionally poor visibility. Stick of 12 bombs dropped by TCB.210 on by TCB.210 on bridge over canal at TURNHOUT, height 4,000 feet, bursts observed from canal at about 100 yards to North.
Four aircraft returned with bombs, but the fifth jettisoned load in Sea.
Many fires observed in all areas. A.A. fire slight in target area, but heavy over HOLLAND. Searchlights numerous in target area and generally all over enemy territory. No enemy aircraft seen. Weather very hazy over all areas with 9/10’s Cumulo-Nimbus from Easter HOLLAND to RUHR area.
Thunder and lightening interfered with W/T.
Navigation by D.R. and W/T bearings. All aircraft returned safely, but operations a failure owing to weather conditions.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3156 AA-G

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
AC Leonard Roy Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 02:25
Flight Time 04:45

19/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried out individual attacks and carried 6. 250 lbs. G.P. and 6 containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs each.
On run up to target KCB.235 received heavy burst of machine-gun fire, result that 2nd Pilot struck by bullet in right shoulder and main bonded cable for bomb release equipment shot away. KCB.238? attacked road targets at HAYBES, starting many fires. Afterwards convoy of 10 trucks attacked in nearby road, hits observed. One incendiary container and one 250lbs. bomb failed to release. Targets FUMAY and TUBIZE successfully attacked by KCB.237, hits being observed on both. Rail junction 3 miles South of MEZIERES bombed with three 250lbs. bombs two direct hits observed, a further three bombs dropped on railway north of DEVILLE bursting at side of the line. Incendiary bombs then dropped on wood one mile East of MONTHERNE and fires started.
KCB.239 attacked large mechanised column at FUMAY with 3 250lbs. bombs and rear gunner sprayed with machine-gun fire, hits observed. Target “B” at FUMAY attacked with 6 containers of incendiaries, and road and rail bridge at NIVELLES bombed. KCB.240 bombed woods 5 miles West of VOUZIERS and convoy of transport waggons, many seen to catch fire. KCB.241 reports dropping incendiaries in woods ½ mile South of HAYBES and attacked bridge, hits observed on road alongside.
Many fires seen, visibility excellent. A.A. fire extremely heavy and accurate in target area and fur machines sustained hits, one having a 3” shell pass right through the PORT aileron, without exploding and searchlights active and accurate.
A few enemy aircraft seen on flight. Navigation by D.R. and Map Reading on way out and D.R. and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3166 AA-M
Target: Fumay

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
AC Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:52 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 04:18

21/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Aachen and Dinant)
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets, six on target AACHEN and two on target DINANT.
All aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T. bombs each.
KCB.248 dropped 12 bombs on Marshalling yards and scored direct hits, and also KCB.249.
KCB. 252 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.
KCB.253, KCB.256, KCB257 successfully attacked target, but unable to observe results due to intense searchlight activity. KCB.256 proceeded and attacked Power Station on S.E. of MAASTRICHT dropping three sticks of two bombs each. Two hits seen on railway siding beside station.
KCB.267 attacked road and rail bridge at DINANT, all strikes very near.
KCB.266 also on target failed to return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3167 AA-N

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
AC Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 05:05

23/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory
Six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks, but just prior to taking off one machine (KCB.274 F/O Williams) developed engine trouble and did not go.

12 – 250 lbs. G.P. bombs were carried by each aircraft. KCB.272 attacked target in two shallow dives dropping a stick of 6 bombs on each run. Results not definitely known due to searchlights, but bursts seen near bridge, which was object of attack. KCB.275 reports that on his E.T.A over target came down through clouds and found himself to be in ring of 12 searchlights with a small amount of light flak coming up. . Two sticks of 3 bombs each dropped on centre of flash and three sticks of two bombs each dropped on different groups, which went out and stayed out.

A stick of 12 bombs were dropped along direction of BRUSSELS – GEMBLOUX railway line by KCB. 279, results not known again due to searchlights. Results not observed by KCB,280 who attacked target on cross roads by diving and releasing a stick of 12 bombs.

KCB.281 did not locate target, but located a convoy of approximately 50 vehicles in road between WAVRE and GEMBLOUX on which he dropped a stick of six bombs. Second stick of six dropped on row of searchlights bordering NAMUR. Two direct hits estimated.

On the whole observations of ground activity were very obscured due to large amount of cloud extending over whole of target area. Black-out over whole area exceptionally good. All aircraft experienced both light and heavy flak, especially accurate light flak from NAMUR.

Searchlights very active and accurate, seen to be operating in groups of up to 12 in most areas. No enemy aircraft observed. The weather was not good, very heavy cumulus clouds extending from 5,000 to 14,000 feet with ice accretion being experienced over 8,000ft. Clouds too thick to gain advantage from moon. Navigation by D/R. on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return journey.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3167 AA-N

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
AC Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:30 – Landed 01:40
Flight Time 04:10

25/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Target AR.10) and Reconnaissance of Area Between Courtrai and Brussels
Six aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on target AR.10 and two to carry out Reconnaissance between COUTRAI and BRUSSELS, which was to last for 1hr. 40mins. One of the six (NCB.292) returned to base with engine trouble, developed whilst crossing English coast on outward journey. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.
No troop movements seen by NCB.286 over reconnaissance area, but a railway junction was successfully bombed at ENGHIEN, eight direct hits being seen. NCB.289 carried on reconnaissance after NCB.286, but also unable to observe enemy movements, so bombs were dropped on main road at OPPASHELT and rail junction at NINOVE, with direct hits.
NCB.293 reports that he bombed the wood around the target area, and bursts were seen but no results observed. Small lights in wood machine-gunned for 3 minutes, Owing to adverse weather conditions NCB.294 unable to locate target, but road junction with convoy of vehicles crossing was attacked with a stick of 12 bombs being dropped.
NCB.295 also unable to locate target, so decided to attack COUTRAI – AUDENARDE road dropping 6 bombs, and one hit observed. Remaining 6 bombs dropped on AUDENARDE 0 GHENT road just North of EYNE, two direct hits observed. Many large fires started by NCB.296 who located target by aid of parachute flares. At 00.59 hrs. target was located by NCB.297 who precision bombed same from 8,500ft, bombs observed to burst, and many fires started.
On the whole black-out was good, but many large fires seen around OSTEND, DUNKIRK, and CALAIS. One miles North of EECLOO a flare path observed, but thought to be a dummy. Majority of aircraft experienced light and heavy flak in vicinity of targets. Searchlights being very active at all main target areas, and operating in large groups. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather not good, heavy rain squalls experienced. Navigation by D/R and Map, and D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3167 AA-N

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
AC Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:04 – Landed 03:15
Flight Time 04:11

28/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory Roulers and Menin)
Seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. Only two able to definitely locate target, which they bombed (due to bad visibility)
A nixed bomb load was ordered NCB.307 and 314 carried 11 – 250lbs. G.P. and one case of incendiary each. NCB.308, 309 and 317, 12 – 250lbs. while NCB.315 and 516 carried 6 – 500lbs. G.P.’s.
NCB.308 reports that he attacked target by dive bombing from 2,500 feet in two successive dives and dropped bombs in stick of six each time. Direct hits seen on centre of target, and many lights seen to extinguish.
NCB.516 reports that he located target from 5,000 feet and carried out precision bombing as follows:- One bomb 5,000 feet, two bombs from 5,500 feet and three bombs from 4,000 feet, results not observed owing to pall of smoke over whole area.
Night poor for observations, only thing of importance reported was large fires around all main centres.
Very little A.A. Fire encountered by any aircraft, and such as was being inaccurate.
Searchlights quite active over whole of area but no trouble experienced in evading area.
No enemy aircraft were observed.
Weather not good, heavy rain squalls experienced throughout whole journey. Over the target area the cloud base was broken at 1,000 feet and high clouds extended up to 12,000 feet. Thunderstorms very prevalent. Heavy ground mist experienced on return to Base and 5 aircraft ordered to land at MILDENHALL.
Navigation by D/R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 dnc AA-O

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
AC Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:45 – Landed 03:51
Flight Time 03:06

31/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target G.1 Nieuport
Nine aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target, but one failed to locate same and returned to BASE with bombs.
Seven aircraft carried 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs while remaining two carried 14 – 250 lbs G.P. bombs each. PCB.320 reports that he dropped bombs in three sticks of 4,5,6 bombs each, first caused violent explosions and large fires in target area. Second and third seen to burst near first, no accurate observation made. PCB.321 reports that lights observed on road S.E. of NIEUPORT and stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs dropped. Large fire started, numerous red and white flashes commenced after burst. All lights went out.
PCB.324 failed to locate target at NIEUPORT but attacked dock area at OSTEND with stick of 14 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs. Many direct hits registered on docks.
PCB326 first dropped single bomb from 4,500 ft. and direct hit on town observed, two sticks three bombs then next dropped at different times one burst starting a large fire.
PCB.327 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.
PCB.329 attacked target by level bombing from 3,000ft. Three bursts observed in town, and one bomb on second run a direct hit on road which joins OSTEND – NIEUPORT.
PCB.330 dropped stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs and hits observed on main road junction on East side of town.
PCB.332 reports that owing to smoke over target area, impossible to see results of dropping 7 – 500lbs. G.P’s in stick from 3,500ft.
Due to bad visibility over the target area, PCB.335 bombed enemy activity searchlights and A.A. Battery two miles South of POPERINGHE.
Night was poor for observations due to low cloud and smoke pall, but many lights seen along beach, artillery in region of GRAVELINES and many large fires round DUNKIRK.
Very little A.A. Fire experienced, searchlights around OSTEND, and one in target area active. Some put out of action by machine-gun fire. No enemy aircraft seen Weather not the best, 10/10 cloud being predominant and heavy rain showers experienced.
Navigation by D/R and Map reading on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3167 AA-N

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
AC Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
AC Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:42 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 03:38

11/06/1940 – Bombing Operations – FUMAY
Two aircraft carried out individual attacks both with same bomb load, i.e. 3 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs and 6 containers 25lbs incendiaries.

KCB.416 reports that fires seen to be started by incendiaries , an ammunition or pyrotechnic dump fired by same. Three 250lbs. bombs dropped through ring of searchlights and one blown up by direct hit.

KCB.417 reports that target was bombed on E.T.A. Three 250lbs bombs and three containers of incendiaries seen to start four fires, which could be seen for twenty miles when on return journey. A large greenish flash observed in centre of fires.

Due to the extremely bad weather conditions prevailing to and from, and over target area, no important observations were made..

Intense light and heavy flak experienced by both aircraft while over target area.

Heavy concentration of searchlights in target area, but no difficulty in avoiding same. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather very bad 10/10 cloud experienced over practically whole route covered, and in target area clouds down to 1,000 feet.

Navigation by D/R and homing bearings, with assistance of flares while over target area.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. KCB.417 FUMAY

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Reid, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Stuart, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 01:45
Flight Time 03:45

13/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G9 and G6.
Three aircraft carried 6 – 500lbs G.P. bombs each, while remaining four carried 12 – 250lbs. bombs each.
KCB.422 reports that due to bad weather in vicinity of target unable to locate same, so dropped bombs on aerodrome at CALAIS. Bursts observed, but no results obtained due to searchlight activity.
KCB.423 located and attacked target, but did not observe result of bomb bursts due to local haze.
KCB.424 failed to locate target due to 10/10 cloud at 1000ft. Attacked dock area at BOULGNE after search, in shallow dive to 6,000ft, dropping all bombs. Hits observed and big explosion seen to occur.
KCB.425 also failed to locate target, so carried out attack on approaches to LE TOUQUET.
KCB.430 located his target and carried out attack from 10,000 feet dropping 6 – 500lbs bombs in stick. Bursts seen on objective, but results not known.
KCB431 attacked target with 3 – 500lbs bombs the only result observed on road junction at Eastern edge of town. Other 3 – 500lbs bombs independently dropped on A.A. batteries with good results.
KCB.433 successfully located target and was about to attack town when convoy of approximately 12 vehicles seen. Convoy then object of attack and 4 – 500lbs bombs dropped. Three direct hits seen, remaining bomb falling on road ahead of first vehicle. Two other 500lbs bombs dropped on outer edge of latter, bursts seen but damage not known. Attack carried out from 6,000 feet in shallow dive.
Due to bad weather around target areas, no observations were made.
A.A. Fire fairly intensive, but inaccurate light flak experienced by most of crews while in vicinity of target. Heavy flak fire not encountered by any of crews concerned.
Searchlights fairy active over whole of target area and at all main towns encountered on route to and from targets.
No enemy aircraft encountered.
Weather on route, not good, 10/10 cloud experienced up to 10,000ft. In area of target G6 fairly good, but heavy ground haze at G9 made pin-pointing difficult. Navigation by D/R and homing bearings and visual fixes.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3167 AA-N
Raid No. KCB.425 G9

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Reid, RAFVR – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Stuart, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:40 – Landed 02:25
Flight Time 03:45

17/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.73.
Seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target A.73 in RUHR district.
Five aircraft carried 9 – 250lbs bombs (GP) and one containers of incendiaries each, while remaining two carried 4 – 500lbs G.P. bombs and one containers of incendiaries each.
LCB.446 reports that he located target and dropped stick of 9 – 250lbs bombs and container of incendiaries from 10,500ft on course 020 degrees (M) approximately. Bursts seen on target and fires started in vicinity.
LCB.447 precision bombed from 14,500 feet. A dummy run and then 4 – 500lbs bombs dropped and another run dropping container of incendiaries. Expected good results because of lack of interference from the enemy, although not observed.
Owing to excellent weather conditions prevailing LCB.448 located target without difficulty, but searchlights proved troublesome. Whole bomb load of 4 – 500lbs and container of incendiaries dropped in level attack from 10,000ft. Bursts being observed and fires started by incendiaries.
LCB.452 made bombing attack steering 120 degrees. All bursts observed and bombs seen to straddle road and railway and continue towards target. Two larger explosions observed during bursts. After initial bursts fires appeared to be fading, as apparently incendiaries had not fallen on a vulnerable spot.
LCB.453 dropped all bombs in one stick in a dive attack from 7,500ft. Middle bomb of stick seen to score direct hit on road immediately to East of target and latter half of stick disported themselves within target area. Incendiaries caused medium fires.
Target attacked in shallow dive by LCB.454 5 – 250lbs bombs dropped on first run, falling on railway lines West of target. In second run 4 – 250lbs bombs straddled target, but incendiaries fell short.
Owing to error in map reading LCB.455 dropped five bombs on river west of DUSSELDORF. After realising mistake flew to target and dropped remainder of bombs. Three members of crew reported small fires caused.
Air light at ANTWERP reported still functioning by LCB.454, and dummy flare paths seen in various places. Balloons observed flying in most areas around RUHR. Light and heavy flak experienced by all in target area. Searchlights in great force in and around target area, due to large number aircraft operating in district, pilots had no difficulty in keeping out of beams. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather good, slightly hazy in target area. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3167 AA-N
Raid No. LCB.453 A.73

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
,   – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 02:15
Flight Time 03:45

19/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.39 and L.82.
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks. Five aircraft carried 5 – 500lbs. S.A.P. bombs, two 5 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs, and the remaining one carried 9 – 250lbs. bombs and one case of incendiaries.

LCB.462 reports that his bombs dropped in shallow dive attack at 5,000feet. Results unobserved.

LCB.463 dropped stick of 5 – 500lbs S.A.P. bombs from N to S over target. Hits believed to have been attained. Target first attacked by dive bombing to 2,000 feet, but had to be broken off due t intense light flak, so level attack carried out then at 7,000 feet.

LCB.464 kept in formation with LCB.462 until target located, as instructed. Attack carried out in shallow dive from 8,000 to 5,000 feet, at which height bombs released. Bursts observed on Western bank along-side lock gates. Damage inflicted, not noted.

LCB.465 reports that bombing results were not observed.

LCB.466 reports weather conditions assisted in location of target, moon illuminated target. A good run and sight made and close stick dropped, but bursts not observed, as they were S.A.P. bombs.
At base of dive from 10,400 to 7,500 feet LCB.467 released stick of bombs, although target clearly visible, nil results observed.

After failing to locate target owing to ground haze, LCB.474 attacked rail and road bridge at DUSSELDORF. Stick of five overshot target area. Appeared to fall in what might have been docks on Rhine.

LCB.475 attacked from SE to NW along parallel railway and road from COLOGNE in shallow dive releasing bombs in stick, with incendiaries following. Six bursts observed between road and railway. Every possibility of hit indicated, grey smoke seen last coming from position of bomb bursts. Incendiaries caused initial fires, but doubtful whether would last.
Balloons noticed flying over all main towns on route to and from target and over AMSTERDAM, height 6,000 to 8,000 feet.

Heavy flak noticed over OSNABRUCK and numerous searchlights, also over AMSTERDAM.

LCB.462 reports that one ME.109 seen off Dutch Coast at 8,000 feet, did not attack.

Weather good over whole part of route and moon to pilots advantage.
Navigation by D/R and visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. LCB.467 M.39

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 05:30

24/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets F.19 & A.108
One of eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, five carried 7 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each, remaining aircraft on target A.108 carried 10 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each.

LCB.483 reports that no results observed due to heavy haze over target area.
LCB.484 reports that bombs dropped in stick at base of a dive, interval between bombs of .5 second, but results of 350lbs bombs not observed.
LCB.485 unable to locate exact position of F.19 so bombs dropped from E to W on South side of KASSEL. One 250lbs bomb observed to burst, and fires started by incendiaries, large explosion followed by a gush of white flame from centre of the fires.
LCB.489 located target by following autobahn and river from MUNDEN. Bombs dropped in stick in shallow dive from SW to NE, bursts observed. Have prevented further observations.
LCB,490 attacked secondary target (M434) at HAMM (Railway Marshalling Yards). Weather conditions made task difficult. Whole bomb loads dropped from 12,000 ft. Railway lines seen clearly in Marshalling yards and bursts seen in vicinity, large fires observed to follow.
Target F.19 not attacked by KCB.491 town and Eastern approaches not distinguishable. Flak Battery at KASSEL bombed, ceased firing, aerodrome buildings at LIPPSTADT, and flak Battery on outskirts of MUNSTER, where incendiaries caused fires. Battery did not resume fire.
LCB.501 reports DORTMUND located and although actual factory not seen, vicinity located and bombed. All bombs being dropped in one stick and all bursts observed, but results could not be ascertained. High level attack at 9,500 feet.

In target area a flare dropped by LCB.502 which illuminated target, but extinguished before bombing run completed. No other flares dropped due to thick haze. Blast furnaces in vicinity of A.108 then attacked at 00.35 hours from 9,000 feet. Bomb bursts seen, but no material damage observed. A few small fires started, but did not last more than 2 minutes.

Two balloons observed flying over KASSEL area, and flare path extinguished ay KASSEL aerodrome on approach of first aircraft. Both light and heavy flak experienced over targets. Searchlights numerous and active, and around all main towns. Weather fair throughout, heavy haze over target made identification difficult. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. LCB.484 F.19

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 03:40
Flight Time 06:00

26/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.431, H.49, and M.122
Each of Eight aircraft who took part from this Unit carried 8 – 250lbs. N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 6hr. delay bomb, and 1 – 250lbs 12 hr. delay, and one case of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.

DCB.513 reports that results not observed owing to heavy haze over target area.

DCB.514 dropped bombs in stick and three large fires started, and several smaller ones West of target, one very large white explosion observed.
OSNABRUCK located by DCB.515 and level attack from East to West carried out, on Marshalling yards.
Bombs observed to burst on marshaling yard and incendiaries started numerous fires on buildings. Fires were punctuated with many explosions followed by gushes of white flame, still burning when target left.

DCB.516 reports bombs dropped on railway bridges one mile east of VOLLINGHOUSEN. All bombs seen to burst and flaming debris appeared to come to great height. Damage felt to be severe. Bombing height 3,000ft.

DCB.517 reports that bomb load dropped in one salvo, which it is estimated hit target in SE corner. Numerous small fires started, which caused small explosions sometime after target had been left.
Bombs dropped in one stick in level attack by DCB.518 and bursts observed on aerodrome and three in buildings. Large explosion followed burst of one bomb, and for large fires were started.

DCB.519 reports that primary target (M122) Marshalling yards at SCHWERTE located and believed bombed successfully from 12,000ft. Close stick dropped on SW course and eight bursts observed by rear gunner in vicinity of target, and also fires.
Original target at SCWERTE not located by DCB.520 due to thunderstorms, but SCHIPOL attacked by dive bombing from 9,000ft to 2,500ft. A stick of 10 bombs and incendiaries dropped right across aerodrome WSW – ENE about 250 yards from hangars. First three bursts seen, but searchlights prevented anything being seen.
A number of dummy flare paths observed, exact positions not definitely pin-pointed. Balloons seen over HAMM, and A.A. fire fairly intense over OSNABRUCK, very heavy over WAALHAVEN and SCHIPOL. Searchlights very intense over all target areas. Weather not good, thunderstorms prevalent making observations difficult in most areas. Icing experienced above 8,000ft in clouds. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. DCB.514 M.431

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 02:55
Flight Time 05:15

28/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target C.37.
Eight aircraft took part from this Squadron carrying 9 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs 6hr. delay bomb and one case of 4lbs incendiaries each, to attack individually target C.37 Chemical Works at KOLN.
CB.521 carried out attack in shallow dive releasing bombs at 5,000ft. No actual strikes were observed but large explosion occurred on target few seconds after bombs released, assumed they found their mark. Dropped from SE to NW corner.
CB.552 located target after search of 1½ hrs, first four bombs seen to burst, followed by sympathetic bursts all around. Four fires seen Green, Orange and two White. Only one white fire remained burning.
CB.525 unable to identify target accurately at COLOGNE so successfully attacked WAALHAVEN aerodrome at ROTTERDAM. Close stick dropped and nine bursts observed, six being on target, but no fires seen.
Owing to thick haze over Rhine CB.526 reports impossible to identify main target C.37. Bombs dropped in stick from 10,000ft. Bursts observed on aerodrome and fire started.
CB.529 unable to pin-point target after a thorough search, so bombed Blast furnaces two miles East of centre of COLOGNE. These were precision bombed dropping whole load, observed to burst in stick 100-150 yards on South side of furnaces. Small fires caused, further results not observed due to rapidly approaching daylight.
CB.530 made full use of small lake and patch of woods to West of target, and bombs dropped in stick from 11,000ft, but no bursts seen due to intense searchlights activity, while hits assumed to be registered.
CB.531 carried out dive attack dropping stick of bombs. A fire broke out, and rear gunner reported several small explosions, after setting course for base.
CB.532 reports target located by bend in river Rhine with aid of parachute flares after 20 minutes search, and a level attack fro 11,000ft carried out from North to South, dropping bombs in stick. All 500lbs bombs observed to burst in target area.
Many balloons seen over all main areas in RUHR and flying over COLOGNE at 10,000ft, approx. 10 balloons. A.A. particularly heavy in RUHR, and over ANTWERP. Searchlights also intense over RUHR and over all main centres. Fog experienced on return to base with result that three aircraft had to land at WYTON as directed by control at base. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. CB.531 C.37

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:50 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 03:55

06/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.1 – Submarine Yards at BREMEN
Five aircraft from this unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks on the above target, but due to extremely bad weather conditions the operation was not a complete success. Only two aircraft reached target and dropped bomb load, remainder returned to base with load intact. CB.580 had trailing aerial carried away due to lightning and bad weather at base was cause of his being ordered to land at ABINGDON, which eventually he eventually did at 03.45 hours.
A very mixed bomb load ordered. Two aircraft carried 4 – 500lbs. N.D.T. and 1 – 250lbs. G.P. 18 hr delay each, CB.584’s load consisted of 3 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 1 – 500lbs 18hr delay and 1 – 250lbs bomb fused N.D.T., while the remaining two aircraft carried a load of 6 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 2 – 250lbs bombs fused 6hr delay and one case of 4lbs incendiaries each.
CB.579 reports nil results as bombs were all bought back.
Cb.580 reports a stick comprising the whole bomb load was dropped at 00.30 hours through gap in the clouds from 8,000 feet. No results were observed.
CB.584 reports, Nil results observed. A dive attack was made from 12,000 feet to 8,500 feet the bombs being released at the base of the dive.
CB.585 reports, on reaching Dutch coast by D/R navigation flying blind in thick 10/10 clouds, we altered course to base owing to severe icing conditions and trouble with blind flying instruments. We reached an altitude of 11,000 feet and descended to as low as 4,000 feet and were still in cloud at that time.
Target reached by CB.586 at 00.20 hrs after flying through 10/10 cloud from English coast to Germany. A 40 minute search was carried out but it was found impossible to locate BREMEN owing to low cloud. Secondary target at WILHELMSHAVEN also could not be located. Bombs accordingly brought back to base.
Owing to poor weather conditions, nothing of importance was observed. While over target area heavy flak fire experienced by four of aircraft, this was fairly accurate for height, but at all times was seen bursting behind.
Searchlights ineffective at all times due to heavy cloud.
Weather very poor and unfit for the operation detailed. 10/10 cloud was experienced from the English coast to well into the target area, this was from as low as 2,000 feet to 14,000 feet in places. Navigation was by D/R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. CB.584 D.1

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 05:30

08/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Alternate Target (Z61) for A.73 – Benvine Plant at MORS
Due to bad weather prevailing the six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target A.73, Benzine Plant at MORS, had to attack alternate target Z61.
Very mixed bomb load carried, consisting of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and some 500lbs G.P. 6-18hr delay, 250lbs, G.P.’s and cases of incendiaries , were attached to each aircraft.
CB.589 reports A.73 not attacked owing to 10/10 cloud at 6,000 feet. SCHIPOL aerodrome was attacked by dive bombing from 9,000 feet to 4,000 feet. Three bursts observed on concrete runways and one just off runways. Results of incendiaries not observed, as aircraft violently attacked by light flak and machine gun fire, whilst being held in searchlights.
CB.590 also unable to attack target due to cloud so bombed WAALHAVEN, aerodrome at 00.55hrs. One stick observed to burst near hangars, other on boundary but results of incendiaries not observed.
Bombs and incendiaries seen to burst S.E. of WAALHAVEN aerodrome by CB.591. No fires were seen. No hits on aerodrome.
Results not observed by CB.594 owing to searchlight activity.
CB595 attacked DUSSELDORF aerodrome (LOHAUSEN) from 13,000 feet. All bombs released in one stick falling one hundred yards from Western perimeter lights. Bursts observed and several fires started.
A dive attack made from 9,000ft to 7,500ft by CB.596, the bombs being released at base of dive. Incendiaries seen to cause numerous explosions and fires with thick columns of black smoke. The explosions still taking place 15 minutes after the bombs had hit.
Many lights observed in HOLLAND, a number of enemy aerodromes noted to be active, but all lights extinguished on approach of our aircraft.
A.A. fire was heavy in places of interest and over enemy aerodromes, and searchlights very active over target area and around aerodromes.
CB.589 reports attacking an aircraft with navigation lights, after 200 rounds had ben fired from front guns, lights on other machine extinguished. Results of action not known. CB.591 observed two aircraft take off from WAALHAVEN, but no contact was made.
Weather was clear towards Dutch coast, but 10/10 cloud prevailed over target area.
Navigation by D/R, visual fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. CB.596 A.73

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Stuart, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:55 – Landed 02:25
Flight Time 04:30

14/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, M.434, & M.116
Total number of bombs carried by seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was:-
47 – 250lbs. bombs of mixed delay.
4 – 500lbs. By CB.608, in addition, each aircraft carried 1 case of 4lbs. incendiaries.
Cb.605 reports, target could not be definitely located in time available. Railway marshalling yards at STADE were attacked from level flight at 9,000ft. One stick was dropped and five bursts observed approximately 100 yards short of the yards.
CB.606 reports, bombs dropped in one stick from 8,000ft after dive from 10,000ft. Owing to searchlight glare and violent avoiding action taken after release of bombs, no results were observed.
A high level attack, 15,000ft, was carried out by CB.607, but owing to enemy opposition, searchlights and A.A., no results were observed. One bomb and incendiaries hung up, but dropped on the Southern part of HAMBURG.
All bombs released in one stick at 15,000ft over target by CB.608. Bombs seen to burst with large sheets of flame slightly to South of target with the last two bombs in target area.
CB.618 attacked marshalling yards at HAMM successfully from 12,000ft. Five bursts observed and two very large fires started and seen burning fiercely 40 miles away on return journey.
CB.619 reports, five 250lbs. bombs seen to burst in town, and three in marshalling yards. All incendiaries seen to fall in marshalling yards, also, causing fires visible after 20 minutes flying on homeward course (50 miles).
Target area reached by CB.620 after diving through layer of cloud at 10,000ft. SOEST identified by means of parachute flares. A level attack from West to East at 9,000ft carried out on marshalling yard at 030.30hrs. Five 250lbs bombs seen to burst on marshalling yard, and incendiaries caught buildings on Southern edge of target, starting two strong fires, which were still raging fiercely when area left 40 minutes later. More fires seen to start at 00.55hrs.
Balloons seen at heights from 6,000ft to 14,000ft over HAMBURG, BREMEN etc., Intense heavy and light flak over entire area.
Searchlights very active over whole area.
Weather was fair. Targets were located despite the local ground haze.
Navigation was D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3235 AA-?
Raid No. CB.619 M.116

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Adams, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:10 – Landed 03:15
Flight Time 05:05

18/07/1942 – Bombing Attacks on Target K.56
The six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks from this unit carried a very mixed bomb load, total number as follows:-
54 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and various delay and also 6 cases of incendiaries.
CB.621 reports (ROTENBURG aerodrome) located and believed bombed successfully. Difficulty experienced in locating target, but finally a close stick dropped on hangars and aerodrome, four bursts seen. After run, about six fires observed burning in vicinity.
Bombs dropped in level sticks by CB.622 from 9,000ft. Rear Gunner reports two bombs of first stick hit hangars. Second and third sticks dropped and bombs seen to burst, but results not observed. Small fire started on target. Difficulty experienced with S.B.C. on compartment could not be released.
CB.623 reports, we were unable to definitely locate K.56 even after a two hour search in the direct locality. The DORTMUND canal was attacked but not hit.
CB.624 reports, due to an error in pin-pointing the target K.56 was not attacked, but the aerodrome of BOMLITZ was bombed with 6 – 250lbs delay bombs, results not known. Next attack on two stationary trains in marshalling yards at SOLTAU, heavy explosions followed bombing, and a large fire started which could still be seen at a distance of 39 miles, height only 3,000ft. Both attacks carried out instep dive, bombs being released from 3,000ft.
The primary target K.56 could not n=be accurately determined by CB.625, with result that aerodrome at UTERSEN was attacked. No results could be seen with any degree of accuracy.
CB.626 reports, a large building at road and rail junction observed to be hit by a 1 – 250lbs. bomb and incendiaries caused 3 large yellow fires on buildings.
Balloons were observed flying at heights up to 12,000ft at BREMEN, 14,000ft at HAMBURG, and up to12,000ft at OLDENBURG.
A.A. fire intense and accurate, heavy, encountered at 10,000ft to 14,000ft over OLDENBURG, BREMEN and HAMBURG. Searchlights very active over whole of the area.
CB.624 reports three M.E.110’s carried out a dive, but sheered off without firing due to enemy ground action. 10/10 cloud up to 12,000ft was met on way to target, but in target area itself, the weather was perfect. Navigation by D/R, visual and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. CB.626 K.56

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 04:10
Flight Time 06:30

20/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.70 and A.71
Nine aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks on targets above. The Squadron suffered its second loss, since the beginning of Operations in March 1940, when CB.650 (F/O. Watson, Captain) failed to return.
CB.639 reports, two attacks, consisting of two sticks of 5 bombs each were dropped over the target at 00.33 hours. Height 5,000 feet. Previously to this another aircraft had dropped incendiaries in same area. Fires and explosions from other aircraft’s bombs, on target, but few from incendiaries which dropped little to West of actual area. EINDHAVEN flare path bombed with stick of 3 – 250lbs. bombs at 22.35 hours by CB.640. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Target A.70 located and bombed at 00.25hrs. Bursts observed and fires observed to break out and gradually increased.
CB.641 reports, being unable to identify target, bombs were dropped from 9,500ft in one stick on railway junction at KAMEN. Last two bombs observed to burst in railway yards.
CB.648 located target after waiting for cloud to disperse and doing several dummy runs. Believed bombed successfully as four bursts observed on N.E. corner of works and fires started across railway line.
CB.649 reports, the incendiaries seen to burst on Southern extremity of target. The 250lbs bombs were not observed owing to cloud over target.
Level attack from 10,800ft made by CB.651 from N.E. to S.W. on target A.71. Three hits obtained on N side of target, remaining bombs appeared to undershoot. Several small fires started followed by minor explosions.
A high level attack carried out from 14,000ft by CB.652. One large flash observed and number of small fires. One red and two green.
CB.653 reports, the target located without difficulty, being made so by light of moon and excellent landmarks. Bombed from 11,000ft in one stick on straight run over target. Results unobserved.
Balloons seen up to 14,000 feet in many towns over RUHR. Heavy flak experienced over WESEL and all target areas, accurate for height etc./ Searchlights over whole area.
Three H.E. 113’s attacked CB639 over WESEL. (i) above and astern (ii)Starboard qtr and below. (iii) below and astern. No.(ii) shot down in flames, No. 3 assumed disabled. No.1 attacked 3 times afterwards.
Weather fair, visibility good, throughout whole of journey. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings. The moon was quite advantageous in helping to locate the target.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. CB.649 A.70

F/O Frederick John ‘Popeye’ Lucas, RNZAF NZ1056 – Pilot.
P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Francis William Green, RAFVR 581283 – Observer.
Sgt. Gould, RAFVR 552462/ 49001 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Stuart, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 04:40

17/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.97, K.62 and M.434
Ten Wellington crews from No. 75(NZ) Squadron, were detailed to carry out bombing operations against the enemy. One aircraft, CB.606 (F/L. Adams) returned to base after being out 20 mins due to W/T electrical trouble, as sometime was taken over repairing this defect, that particular sortie was cancelled altogether.
Cb.793 unable to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud covering area, but owing to a shortage of petrol, bombs were jettisoned at D/R position 51° 26’ N, 10° 53’ E.
Numerous fires reported to be already burning in target area, when CB.794 bombed, and further large fires broke out after attack. Petrol tanks observed to explode, and high columns of thick black smoke rose from fires. Glare on cloud still visible for 15 minutes after leaving target.
A level attack made by CB.795 from 9,00ft and 5 – 250lbs. bombs dropped in stick. Incendiaries brought back owing to selector switch being accidentally knocked up. 250lbs. bombs caused two large explosions on large factory buildings.
CB.796 failed to locate target A.97 owing to 8/10 cloud and thick haze in area. After searching for half an hour course was set for SOEST. Marshalling Yards at SOEST attacked in shallow dive from 8,000 to 7,00 feet at 01.10hrs, a stick of 6 – 250lbs. bombs being dropped. Bursts not observed, owing to heavy accurate flak fire.
Target located at 23.30 hours by CB.799 and stick dropped across. Fire started and visible for considerable distance.
CB.800 reports, a level stick at 10,000ft. Bombs hit aerodrome. Incendiaries hit buildings casing thirteen distinct explosions and explosions were still appearing as aircraft set course for home. One good fire was left burning. Nickels dropped between KASSEL and ESCHWEGE.
CB.801 reports, bombs seen to fall on lines of Marshalling Yards.
CB.802 reports, identification of target made difficult by low cloud and ground haze. Flares dropped by other aircraft and half an hour spent in identifying target. Shallow dive attack from South and stick of bombs dropped on North end of target. Result and bursts not observed owing to cloud.
CB.807 reports, primary target not located owing to 9/ 10 cloud and haze. A string of lights which appeared to be an aerodrome attacked..
Balloons again reported to be flying in the RUHR area.
Heavy flak was experienced by most aircraft on target A.97 in the region of MUNSTER and UTRECHT. This was reported to be good for height and accuracy. Searchlights very numerous over the whole of the target area.
10/10 cloud was encountered practically over the whole of the route, with the exception of the RUHR.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, Astro and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.802 M.434

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 05:10

19/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.17 and M.431
Ten Wellington aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out operations against enemy. For the attack on target D.4 at Kiel, weather was against the raiders, with result that main objective was not located, so secondary targets in that area were successfully bombed.
Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T. 250lbs. bombs fused 6 – 18hr delay, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.810 located target 9KIEL) and six bomb bursts were observed on subterranean oil plant North of the town on the river bank. The Battleship GNEISENAU was not observed owing to low cloud.
A stock of 6 – 250lbs bombs was dropped by CB.811 from 13,000 feet, on same target as CB.810. These were seen to burst across KRUPP’S yards.
CB.812 failed to locate the primary target owing to 10/10 cloud in the target area. The object of an attack was their DE KOOY aerodrome in Northern HOLLAND. Six 250lbs. bombs were dropped from a height of 5,000 feet. Bursts were observed but damage not estimated.
CB.813 did not attack primary target owing to cloud, even after making four runs. The buildings on the side of the fitting out basin 1,100 yards 200°T from Primary target were attacked by dive bombing 13,000 – 8,000ft. Bursts observed on area.
The target area was located by CB.814 from a height of 15,000 feet and after flying around at this height for 30 minutes bombs were dropped in stick along the bank. Owing to 7/10 cloud being over the target at the time, bomb bursts were unobserved.
CB.815 reports, that although a search was made for an hour he was unable to locate KIEL owing to low cloud and fog on the coast. At 02.00 hours a shallow dive attack at 8,000feet was carried out on WANGEROOGE aerodrome, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs being dropped. No results were observed.
CB.822 reports that owing to 10/10 cloud in target area, primary target was not attacked. Bombs were dropped from 6,000 feet in one stick on aerodrome at De Kooy. Believed hits but no accurate observation possible.
CB.823 reports that target was not located due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction at WUNSTORF straddled with stick, and fire started at 23.45 hours.
Owing to 10/10 clod, CB.824 failed to locate the target. Enemy aerodrome in use at DIEPHOLZ bombed. 250lbs. bombs burst across flare path, incendiaries fell short. Two fires seen on North East corner of aerodrome.
CB.828 reports, that a high level attack was made from 11,500 feet and a stick was dropped from East to West. Hits were observed on target and one or two small fires were started.
The aerodrome at HURSEIM was clearly visible and three runways were observed, making pin-pointing easy. Balloons were observed flying up to 12,000ft around KIEL. A number of dummy flare paths were also in various sections.
A.A. Fire very intense over target D.4 and over all the North Frisians Islands.
Searchlights very active in all target areas. Weather :- 10/10 cloud was prevalent over the targets and most of route to same.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, and homing bearings. Astro was used by Sorties CB.812 and 813 with very good results.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.825 M.431

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 02:25
Flight Time 05:15

24/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.161 and M.434
Eleven Wellington aircraft were detailed from this unit to carry out bombing operations against the enemy on the above targets. CB.837 (F/L. Adams) did not complete the sortie due to engine trouble when over enemy territory, he set course for base and jettisoned bombs in sea. The operations taken on the whole, were not very successful due to extremely bad weather conditions encountered.
A varied bomb load was carried between the eleven aircraft consisting of 250lbs., fused N.D.T., 250lbs, G.P. with delay action, 500lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T., and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
Target not located by CB.838, due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction and landing ground at KOBLENZE bomber. Results unobserved due to bad haze.
Target located through hole in cloud by island in river, and bombed by CB.839. Results not observed.
CB.840 reports, primary target at FRANKFURT obscured owing to 10/10 cloud. Returned to target B.47 (KNAPSACK) and bombed. Unable to distinguish.results of bombs although flasges observed. Nickels were dropped at KNAPSACK.
Attack was made by CB.841 from 11,000ft, the incendiaries being dropped first, so as to allow to make a run up with the 250lbs. bombs. A medium fire was still burning when target area was left.
CB.842 reports, targets A.151 and C.28 at FRANKFURT were not located owing to 10/10 dense cloud in area. Nickels dropped approximately 15 miles North of FRANKFURT. Dive bombing attack carried out at 5,000ft on LIMBURG aerodrome. Five bursts observed on North side of aerodrome some 200 yeards from flare path and hangers. Red obstruction lights extinguished, but dim flare path remained on.
CB.834 reports, main target and two secondary targets not located owing to nine to ten tenths cloud. One 500lbs. bomb was dropped on a search-light by diving down beam. Two ships in YISMUNDEN harbour were attacked by dive bombing 4,00 – 2,000 feet, two 500;bs. N.D.T. bombs dropped. Hits or near misses reported.
CB.844 reports, owing to 9/10 cloud, primary target not located. Bombs dropped from 1,100ft on a factory on river bank East of HANAU. Bursts were observed in small buildings around main building. No fires observed.
Targetsm not located owing to 10/10 cloud by CB.848. Whole route from Great Britain to Eastern Germany said to be covered.
Bombs dropped by CB.849 on heavy flak batteries in target area. Again, results not observed due to 10/10 cloud.
CB.850 also reports that target not located owing to cloud.
Owing to the whole of the area being practically covered with 10/10 clouds, nothing of importance to relate as far as observations, and reconnaissance etc.
A.A. fire, heavy at most areas attacked., although 10/10 cloud prevailed, good accuracy was attained by the heavy batteries.
Searchlights were active as usual.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, homing bearing and Astro.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.849 M.434

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 03:00
Flight Time 06:00

26/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on G.82, C.38 DUISBURG, ARNHEIM, and FLUSHING
Ten Wellington Crews from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks against enemy objectives in enemy territory. Taken over all, the operations were very successfully, good weather being encountered at most targets. On the return journey CB.851 carried out an attack on a single engined aircraft in the region of NIVELLS, and shot down in flames.
The bomb load carried was made up of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs G.P. bombs fused delay action, and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.851 reports, due to heavy searchlights and A.A. fire on the run up to the main target, bombs were dropped on the secondary target C.38. Four bursts were observed, but damage could not be estimated due to avoiding action having to be taken, while hits are assumed.
No results seen from first stick of two bombs dropped by CB.852. Explosions and fire started by second stick of three bombs.
Stick of four bombs dropped to East of target, and small fires started by CB.853.
The target was located by CB.854, and a run up made from South to North at 23.20 hours. The bursts of two bombs were observed, these being approximately a mile South of the primary target. The results of the bursts were unobserved owing to intense searchlight activity at the time.
A stick was dropped by CB.856 from 13,000ft in a level attack. Three bursts were observed and three small fires started.
Owing to searchlights and haze, main target was not located by CB.857. Bombs were dropped on C.38 GRISCHEIM, from 12,000feet. Greenish flashes were observed in target area following burst of bombs, No fires observed.
Bombs dropped through clouds by CB.864 in DUISBURG – ESSEN area. Five A.A. gun emplacements bombed, but results not observed.
Target not located by CB.865 owing to low 10/10 cloud. Bombs were brought back.
CB.866 reports, original target (M.61) not located owing to thick cloud over area. Bombed aerodrome near ARNHEIM from 6,000feet and machine-gunned same from 2,000feet. Hits observed on hangar and on landing ground. Incendiaries overshot target and did no damage.
Five bombs were dropped over FLUSHING aerodrome by CB.874, bursts were observed, but not pin-pointed.
A large number of aerodromes were noticed to be carrying out night flying in HOLLAND, BELGIUM and FRANCE.
A.A. Fire was very heavy and accurate in the FRANKFURT area.
Searchlights active and very heavily concentrated in all main target areas.
CB.831 reports, attacking one twin engine Bomber (type unknown) as it was coming to land at NIVELLS aerodrome. The attack was successful, the Front Gunner shooting the aircraft down in flames and it crashed on the flare path.
Weather was perfect in the FRANKFURT area, but very cloudy in the RUHR district.
Navigation by D/R, homing bearings and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 dnc AA-V
Raid No. CB.865 M.61 (did not bomb)

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 02:40
Flight Time 05:40

29/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.69, Z159, M116, EVERE and WAALHAVEN
Eleven Wellington crews were detailed to proceed to allotted targets and carry out bombing attacks on same, and thus hinder the enemy in operations against this country. The three aircraft Detailed to attack target Z.159 (ST. NAZAIRE, FRANCE) encountered practically no opposition and a very peaceful trip was had throughout.
Total bomb load carried was made up of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., and delay action and containers of 4lbs incendiaries.
CB.881 reports, targets not located 10/10 cloud.
Aerodrome at WESSEL bombed and bursts observed on North East boundary of aerodrome and two medium fires started.
Two bursts observed by Navigator of CB.882, but results not observed. As aircraft passed over cloud, terrific flash observed, but results not noticed.
CB.883 reports, no results observed from first stick of 5 – 250lbs. bombs owing to searchlights.
Two fires started by second stick.
Owing to cloud 55 minutes was spent by CB.884 over target area for cloud to clear. A stick of bombs was dropped to target area for causing 5 or 6 large fires which lasted until leaving. On one bomb bursting a blue flash was seen.
Original target not located by CB.885 owing to cloud and haze over area. Bombs dropped on Marshalling yards, or railway junction to the West of BOTTROP. Three hits observed.
The target was located without difficulty by CB.887 due to the excellent position of such. An attack was made in a shallow dive from East to West and the bombs were released in a stick from 8,000 feet. Results not observed.
CB.888 reports, one 250lbs bomb N.D.T. and two 250lbs. delays were dropped in a high level attack on a heading of 020°M. Stick dropped across Western extremity of Eastern target causing medium sized fire. The last 3 N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. and 1 – S.B.C. were dropped in a dive attack, 8,500ft to 4,000ft. The 250lbs G.P’s hit the Southern edge of the Eastern target. Incendiaries overshot into sea.
Target located and bombed by CB.889 at 00.35hrs one 250lbs bomb and one 500lbs bomb dropped at 8,000 feet. Two 500lbs bombs dropped at 4,000 feet, all bombs observed to burst on target, but with little result.
CB.894 reports , five bursts seen across target and large fires started with incendiaries. A series od explosions developed from fires – bright flashes intermittently resulted.
EVERE aerodrome attacked at 23.00 hours by CB.896 Direction of attack North West to South East. Three bombs seen to burst on N.W, boundary of aerodrome and last bomb in the flare path. Lights immediately extinguished.
CB898 reports, target found (ROTTERDAM) WAALHAVEN aerodrome. BRUSSELS aerodrome covered in 9-10/10 cloud, base 1,500feeet. Height 4,000 feet. Target found running up on river and hangar lights accidentally being switched on for a period od about 20 seconds. Bombs seen to land on aerodrome, but no results observed.
A number of flare paths were noticed in most of German occupied countries. Balloons were seen at target Z.159, these were flying at a height of 6,000 feet.
Heavy A.A. Fire in all the target areas.
Searchlights very active in the RUHR areas only.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.884 A.69

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 05:45

01/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116, A.17, F.40, and SOEST
Eleven Wellington aircraft took part, in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried, consisting of 500lbs G.P. bombs, 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Delayed action bombs, and containers of incendiaries.
One returning to base from a raid on HANOVER, CB passed over an aerodrome, presumed to be FELTWELL. Permission to land was granted, and an approach made using landing light. Thick haze made landing difficult, and another circuit made. Attempted other landing as fuel getting low, but lost sight of flare path on turning in. Just before touching down, line of trees appeared ahead of aircraft, hit these and burst into flames. The crew got clear of aircraft before bomb load (brought back) exploded, as a result of which explosion aircraft totally destroyed. Actually aircraft landed in field short of flare path at East Wrotham, Honnington Satellite aerodrome.
CB.921 reports, descended to 500 feet in target area on D/R but unsuccessful in getting below cloud. Target not located and bombs brought back. Target located at 23.40 hours by CB.914 and bombs dropped at 23.45 hours. Bursts observed on target area, but unable to see extent of damage owing to bad visibility.
CB.900 reports three terrific explosions from incendiaries in target area, and 250lbs bombs seen to burst in same place. Level attack made from 11,000ft the incendiaries being dropped on the first run.
Target located and bombed by CB.901 Results not observed owing to intense searchlights and A.A. fire.
CB.904 reports, Primary target not located owing to engine trouble. EINDHOVEN aerodrome bombed. Flare path and obstruction lights extinguished when a stick of three bombs was dropped across it at 12,000 feet at 22.46 hours. Large explosions observed.
CB.905 reports, on reaching area a flare was dropped, showing up ground clearly, and enabling target to be identified, attack then made from 11,000 feet in a South Westerly direction. Bursts observed and a line of fires started, about 7 or 9 in all and a further explosion seen. Fires still burning on leaving area.
CB.908 and CB.909 failed to locate targets and bombs were brought back.
CB.916 and CB.917 reports, that they located targets and bombed same, but results not observed due to cloud. Only observations, a large circle of lights mainly white with a few red seen, between BREMEN and BREMERHAVEN, presumably aerodrome or dummy on Eastern edge of MUNSTER, three red flares fired from ground formed isosceles triangle. On the whole A.A. was heavy, especially over HANOVER and between HAMM and ROTTERDAM.
Searchlights very active, but due to thick cloud layers and haze, they were ineffective. Weather taken all round was poor, on way out to targets, 8-10/10 cloud was encountered, while over actual targets almost clear with only hazy conditions. Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.905 F.40

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckitt, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 05:15
Flight Time 08:30

04/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Thurenger Forest, Black Forest, and Woods South of Strasburg
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took part in above operations. Seven of the aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on the woods carried 6 containers of incendiary bombs, while CB.931, who attacked wood South of Strasbourg, carried a load of 5 containers of incendiaries (25 lbs), 3 – 250 lbs. incendiaries and one flash bomb. CB.940 carried 6- 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T.
CB.992 made a level attack from a height of 11,000 feet, the bombs being dropped in a stick every 12 seconds. Terrific fires started in a line covering eight miles and could be seen 20 minutes after setting course for home.
CB.923 searched the target area and dropped bombs in a NW. SE direction covering an area of 5 or 6 miles. Over 100 small fires were started and the glow could be seen over 20 miles away on returning.
CB.926 dropped bombs in groups of four at eleven second intervals in a Northerly direction, from Swiss border on Western side of target area. The incendiaries were seen to be burning amongst the trees, but no time spent waiting to see further results.
CB.927 bombed central portion of target area L (Black Forest). Numerous small fires observed but no large conflagration seen at time of leaving area.
CB.928 reports that bombs were dropped in long circular stick and observed to burst. Some fires started but aircraft left area before extent of fire could be estimated.
CB.929 reports that bombs were dropped on targets and fires started.
CB.930 spread bombs in a stick running N.N.E. across Northern corner. Several small fires started. Half container was dropped from 6000 feet on LUNEVILLE aerodrome, and fires were started which could be seen for 40 miles.
CB. 931 reports that all incendiaries were dropped in a circular area, radius about 3 miles. The fires burnt for 10-15 minutes but did not persist. A photograph was taken 20 minutes after the first attack and shows that the fires were not catching.
CB.940 reports that two bombs fell on hangers and four on tarmac of aerodrome.
Extensive road traffic movements observed in North West France. Dummy aerodrome at LE TOUQUET – CB.928 reports, 2 lights flashing “S” alternatively and ‘M” together, situated 6 miles South East of OSTEND.
CB.922 and 940 report light and heavy flak, but taken all round, very little encountered.
Searchlights encountered over HAMM and Belgian Coast, but here again, on the whole very few.
Weather good throughout operations, mist patches in places, but visibility generally very good.
Navigation by D/R mainly, assisted by Astro in two instances.
System of locating beacons for balloons reported to be excellent by CB.931

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.923 Thurenger Forest

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:20 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 06:10

10/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Ostend Harbour and Flushing Docks
Seven Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry put attacks on the above targets. The bomb load consisted of 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.
Owing to 10/10 cloud over Belgian Coast a descent was made by CB.966 to 4000 feet where OSTEND was located. Three flares were dropped over docks. A stick of bombs was dropped at 3,500 feet over dock area but owing to violent evasive action bursts were not observed.
CB.967 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud extending from 12,000 feet to 1000 feet over Belgian Coast.
CB.968 failed to locate the target owing to heavy cloud and thick mist. Bombs were bought back.
CB.972 dropped bombs in a dive from 4000 feet to 1000 feet. No results were observed owing to violent evasive action, searchlights and haze. Flares were dropped over target and lighted up area satisfactorily.
Owing to 10/10 cloud down to 700 feet, CB.973 failed to locate target.
Five bombs dropped by CB.974 were seen to burst across docks. No results were observed of second stick owing to searchlights, but they believed to have hit the target.
Owing to 10/10 cloud, CB979 reports nil results observed.
Flares were dropped, warships were observed to open fire and continued a heavy broadside for almost half an hour. Several small vessels were seen close to coast line. Retaliatory action appeared to be taken by coastal batteries.
Some light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced at OSTEND and at other target areas.
Searchlights were active around the target areas, but were ineffective owing to cloud.
During the whole of the operations, only one enemy aircraft was seen – by CB.974 – off the Dutch Coast.
Weather was very poor, there being 9/10 – 10/10 cloud. Navigation was by D/R, W/T, and in some cases MF/DF and Astro.
Squeaker at HARWICH not heard, although balloons seen.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.966 Ostend

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 01:40 – Landed 04:45
Flight Time 03:05

12/09/1940 – Bombing Attack on emden and Schwerte
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took part in Operations against the above targets. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 250lbs. bombs, fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while CB.984 carried one flash bomb.
CB.984 and CB.985 failed to locate the target due to 10/10 cloud, and bombs were brought back.
CB.986 reports that bombs were dropped, but bursts were unobserved due to bad visibility.
CB.987 bombed target in bad visibility from 6000 feet, but results were unobserved owing to cloud.
CB.988 failed to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud. Intense A.A. fire was experienced and bombs were released over centre of A.A. activity.
CB.994 reports that results were not observed.
Owing to dense low cloud, CB.995 failed to locate original target, SCHWERTE. Bombs were dropped from 1000 feet on the aerodrome at DE KOOY, but results were not observed.
CB/997 failed to locate target, but bombs were released on A.A. emplacements between SOEST and DORTMUND.
CB.999 reports that direct hits were scored on ammunition store in dock buildings. Heavy explosions occurred and large fires were started.
Owing to bad visibility no observations or reconnaissance were made although CB.999 reports that docks and wharves were clearly seen.
Light and heavy A.A. fire was experienced in many parts of the target areas, while flak ships or warships continued barrage some distance to sea. Flaming onions were also experienced at one point.
Searchlights were numerous and very active, but owing to cloud were ineffective.
No enemy aircraft were encountered.
ten-tenths cloud was experienced over most of the route. Icing conditions, rain and electrical storms were also experienced.
Navigation was carried out by D/R, W/T and homing bearings.
CB.999 returned to base with shell holes in wings and machine gun bullet through front turret. Attack was carried out from 150 feet – machine blown up to 600 and was very unstable on return journey. S.O.S. was sent out as machine was expected to land in sea. P/O Denton, captain of this machine, was awarded D.F.C. (Immediate).

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.988 D.184

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:30 – Landed 23:30
Flight Time 04:00

14/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Antwerp and Soest
Ten Wellington Aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out above operations. Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. delayed action bombs, containers of incendiaries and CB.120 carried one flash bomb.
CB.115 reports that owing to severe ice forming cloud, target was not reached, but an attack was made from 7000 feet on DE KOOY Aerodrome, where a stick of bombs was dropped on hangars. Numerous fires started, and major and minor explosions followed, suggesting blowing up of ammunition. Fires lit up aerodrome buildings.
Owing to 10/10 cloud Cb.116 failed to locate original target. Bombs were dropped on rail junction at AARHUS.
CB.117 reports three large explosions took place after the first stick of 8 – 250lbs. bombs had been dropped on East Docks. Second stick of 7 – 250 bombs and one S.B.C. seen to explode on new docks.
CB.118 reports that target was located and bombs dropped, but owing to thick haze results could not be estimated.
CB.119 reports that one stick of bombs and one S.B.C. were dropped on dock basins and fires were started by incendiaries on quay. Yellow explosions from two of the fires at irregular intervals.
CB.120 reports that all bombs were seen to burst in docks, but no big fires were seen.
CB.122 reports that owing to an error in map reading, one stick of bombs was dropped over target area and hits are believed to have been scored although no fires were observed.
CB.123 reports that barges in chain basin were hit. Direct hits were scored on dicks and barges in basin North of town. A large fire was also started in this basin.
CB126 reports that bombs were dropped and bursts observed in main dock area. At time of leaving target incendiaries were observed burning fiercely with orange coloured flames. Repeated minor explosions were observed in vicinity of incendiaries.
P/O. Denton reports that one stick of nine bombs was dropped on N.W. docks, but owing to evasive action, only first two bombs observed to burst. One stick was dropped on South docks nearest town, and all bombs were observed to make direct hits.
Recognition signal – red and two white star cartridge, observed several times near target area. Flare paths observed at aerodromes near WOENSDRECHTE, and South of ANTWERP. Dummy flarepath seen N.E. of ANTWERP. Flashing beacon 12 miles E.N.E. ANTWERP. Three pairs of ships about 1000 tonnes were observed on ZUYDER ZEE, while two large merchant ships were seen N.W. side of main basin, and one 4000 ton merchant ship seen sailing N.W.-S.E. of FLUSHING out into North Sea.
Fairly intense light and heavy A.A. fire experienced in many parts of target area. This was not very accurate.
Searchlights were few and inactive.
Only one enemy aircraft, an ME.109, was observed over target area.
Icing conditions and electrical storms were experienced by most aircraft. Weather in target area was good..
Navigation was mainly D/R, with W/T, MF/DF. Astro and homing bearings.
CB,123 reports an excellent trip, exceptional bombing done by Observer, also excellent Asto navigation. Approximately 50 small boats, believed fishing smacks seen on beach between HAGUE and the Hook near SCHEVENINGEN.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.115 Soest

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
P/O Rex Martyn Sanderson, RAF 42727 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:55 – Landed 01:10
Flight Time 05:15

18/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets M.480, Z.40, and Le Havre
Nine Wellington aircraft took part in above operations. A mixed bomb load was carried and consisted of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. G.P. bombs, fused N.D.T. 250lbs. G.P. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries, while one flash bomb was carried by CB.142.
CB.130 reports that owing to cloud results were unobserved, but a large fire was seen to be started in vicinity of target.
CB.132 and CB.142 report that results were not observed.
CB.138 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick. Bursts were observed to straddle outer harbour and one fire was started on quay followed by two reddish glows in harbour area.
CB.139 reports that bombs were dropped in one stick from the South West diagonally across the outer dock area. Owing to intense barrage of flak and searchlights, results were not observed. The attack was made from slightly under 7000 feet.
CB.140 dropped one stick from East to West. Bursts were observed on central jetty. Two fires observed when leaving target, one of which exploded with yellow glow about eight times at irregular intervals.
CB141 reports that three searchlights were extinguished by 500lbs. N.D.T. bomb. Results of 250 lbs. and incendiaries not observed.
CB.143 reports that target was bombed from 9000 feet. Bursts were observed on the northern end of target and immediately fires started, to be followed by several large explosions, one of which was of particular brilliance throwing much lighted debris into the air. Fires were still burning on leaving target.
CB.144 reports that all bombs burst on and around marshalling yards. Fires still burning after three quarters of an hour.
Several large ships observed both inside and outside harbour. Barges seen in main basins. Aerodrome with flare path and obstruction lights was seen near LIEGE and three aircraft seen in neighbourhood with navigation lights on. Two flashing beacons on point S.E. of target and near mouth of inlet at LE HAVRE.
Fairly heavy A.A. Fire was experienced in all target areas.
Searchlights were active as usual.
CB.139 reports one enemy aircraft flying over LE HAVRE. It was burning navigation lights and fired a 4-star white cartridge. Three heavy type seen in vicinity of flare-path near LIEGE by CB.143, while CB.144 reports one unidentified enemy aircraft with navigation lights on.
Cloud varying from 3/10 to 10/10 was experienced on journey to and from the target. Weather very good in target areas.
Navigation was by D/R, homing bearings and W/T.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.143 M.480

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mayger, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:45 – Landed 01:20
Flight Time 05:35

23/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets at Berlin, Le Havre and Hamburg
Ten Wellington aircraft of this Unit were detailed to carry out attacks against the targets above. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.167 reports four fires started on dock area. Minor explosions were seen on leaving.
One stick and S.B.C. was dropped by CB.163 on Eastern side of outer harbour wharves. Bobs exploded, but no fires observed.
Several large fires were seen and were visible for miles after leaving target area.
CB.157 reports that a plane was shot down north of the docks at 22.35 hours. Barge concentration seen on OSTEND-BRUGES CANAL. Submarine or “E” boat observed by CB.159 signalling in morse short distance from Belgian coast. This aircraft also encountered flak barrage in mod-channel. Parachute flare dropped, and two searchlights and light flak, presumably from British convoy, observed by CB.160.
Fairly heavy and accurate A.A. fire encountered in all areas.
Searchlights were fairly active, although not particularly accurate.
One ME.110 was encountered by CB.157 off target coast, but owing to the speed of the former, no contact was made.
Two unidentified aircraft were encountered over target area by CB.159 but no attack was made.
Weather was good in target areas, although patches of cloud were encountered over the North Sea.
Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes, map reading and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c L.7848 AA-V
Raid No. CB.179 Berlin

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mayger, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 00:00 – Landed 00:00
Flight Time 00:00

29/09/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets L.86, M.480, and OSNABRUCK
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual attacks on the above targets. One of these aircraft, CB.213 failed to return to base, having crashed in Devon through lack of Petrol. One member of the crew, P/O. Jelley the rear gunner, was killed, but the other members all parachuted to safety. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. bombs, 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. bombs, delayed action, and containers of incendiaries.
CB.213 reports that target was located and bombs dropped.
No results were observed by CB.214, except for small fire started north of target.
CB.216 failed to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud and difficulty in pinpointing. Heavy bombs dropped on DELMENHOERST AERODROME, hits believed, and incendiaries dropped on DE KOOY AERODROME where a few small fires were started.
CB.217 dropped though cloud – on target, but results were unobserved.
Owing to ten-tenths cloud, CB.215 failed to locate the target, but bombs were dropped at NORDHERN AERODROME. Bursts seen slight short.
CB.218 dropped bombs from 10,000 on first run, bursts being observed. A second was made and the remaining bombs dropped.
Target was not located by CB.219 owing to 9/10 cloud. Bombs dropped at MADGEBURG and bursts observed.
CB.223 dropped a stick of 8-250lbs. bombs along railway marshalling yards at MANNHEIM. Bursts observed on permanent way in woods S.E. of MANNHEIM.
CB.224 failed to locate original target and bombs were dropped in one stick on marshalling yards at KOBLEMZ. Results unobserved.
CB.225 dropped bombs in one stick. Bursts seen on railway line. Several small explosions and one large fire seen for 30 miles after leaving target.
One aircraft seen, by CB.214, shot down over EILENBURG. Dummy aerodrome seen about four miles East of DELMENHOERST. Circle of white lighs about a mile in diameter, with sharply defined red arrows in centre pointing S.W. in position 52*N. 0.8.43E.
Heavy A.A. fire in all parts of target areas.
Searchlights were very active and accurate.
Severla enemy aircraft seen at various parts of target areas.
Five-tenths to 10/10 cloud was experienced over whole.
Navigation was by D/R, and W/T bearings

Wellington Mk.1c R.3277 AA-Y
Raid No. CB.218 L.86

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mayger, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:00 – Landed 04:10
Flight Time 08:10

02/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.116 and A.69
Ten Wellington aircraft carried out the above attacks. A mixed bomb load was carried and was made up of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs delayed action, containers of 4;bs. Incendiaries, while CB.236 carried one flash bomb.
CB.226 failed to locate target and bombs were brought back as no military target could be located.
CB.227 reports that bombs were dropped in a single stick across ZWISCHEICHEUR AERODROME. Small fires started by incendiaries.
Results were not observed by CB.232 owing to nine tenths cloud.
CB.234 reports that target was not attacked owing to 10/10 cloud extending over route half way over North Sea to target area.
Owing to very low cloud, no definite results were seen by CB.235. Large flashes were seen reflected on clouds which kept going for about 20 mins.
No results were observed by CB.236.
CB.237 reports that bombs were observed to burst short of target by 400 yards.
CB.238 reports that a stick of bombs were dropped on DE KOOY AERODROME. First bombs seen to burst short, but remainder on aerodrome.
CB.239 dropped one stick of bombs on red obstruction lights at Aerodrome at WESSEL. Results not observed owing to cloud, but there was a glow against the clouds resembling a fire.
Bomb bursts were observed by CB.240
Large fire seen in vicinity of AMSTERDAM. Flak ships observed off Dutch coast for 20 miles.
Heavy and light A.A. fire, fairly accurate, experienced in all target areas.
Slight searchlight activity but ineffective owing to cloud.
No enemy aircraft were seen.
Weather was very poor; heavy cloud over whole of journey.
Navigation was mainly D/R, with Astro in one instance.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2741 AA-?
Raid No. CB.238 A.69 (De.Kooy Aerodrome attacked as secondary target)

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mayger, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:20 – Landed 00:45
Flight Time 05:25

08/10/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, Marshalling Yards Gremburg and Cologne
Ten Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on the above targets. The bomb load was mixed and consisted of 500lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250lbs. Bombs fused N.D.T., 250 lbs. bombs, delayed action, and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.
CB.253 reports a stick of four bombs dropped across target. Bursts observed, two fires started which burned until aircraft was out of sight of target.
CB.255 reached HAMBURG and dropped a flare over the town. A stick of bombs was dropped over the target but bursts were not observed due to searchlight activity.
CB.256 dropped in one stick and bursts observed in target area. Incendiaries seen to burn but no fires resulted.
CB.257 reports hits or near misses on target. Explosions unseen due to intense A.A. fire. Two fires seen burning afterwards.
F/Lt. Gilbert reports bombs fell short of target in docks on Northern side of the river. Observations of bombs uncertain due to heavy A.A. fire.
CB.258 dropped bombs in a level stick at 11,500 feet. Incendiary bombs started three small fires and a medium yellow explosion. Two bombs dropped on aerodrome at OLDENBURG; lights extinguished.
CB.259 reports one large fire started by stick of bombs. Smaller fires caused by incendiaries. Fires still burning after ten minutes.
CB.260 dropped one stick from 10,000 feet across target area.
CB.270 reports that bombs were seen to burst on target area. Three explosions seen in centre of incendiaries.
S/Ldr. Bain reports extensive and brilliant red fires visible for 60-70 miles.
Number of flare-paths seen at various parts of route. Flak ship North of WILHEMSHAVEN two miles off coast, 52* 50’N,04* 35’E.
Intense heavy and light A.A. fire was experienced on way to target and also in target areas.
Searchlights were fairly intense and accurate.
A number of enemy aircraft seen. CB.256 overtaken by two aircraft, believed ME.110, over target area. Three single engined machines, believed to be ME.109, circled this aircraft for ten minutes during dummy runs over target. No attacks.
Weather was clear over target areas. Heavy cloud experienced over North Sea on return journey.
Navigation was by D/R, Q.D.M’s, Homing Bearings, and Astro.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2741 AA-?
Raid No. CB.255 A.10

P/O Richard Melville Curtis, RAF 42200 – Pilot.
Sgt. Mayger, RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. McMaster, RAFVR – Navigator.
Sgt. Trevor James Goodhue, RNZAF NZ38113 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Beckett, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:45 – Landed 01:40
Flight Time 05:55