S.M.M. Watson crew 13.06.40 †

06/04/1940 – Reconnaissance and Nickel over the Areas of Bremen and Verden
As captain of aircraft No.P.9207 I was detailed to carry out a reconnaissance and Nickel Operations over areas of BREMEN and VERDEN as detailed in No.3 Group Form B.102 25/3/40.
I was airborne FELTWELL at 19.25 hours and immediately set course for the turning in point off the German coast which was 54° 06′ N. 06° 00′ E. Navigation was by D/R and D/F fixes with Astro fixes as check. A tune in was made on a D/R E.T.A. and the target area was easily located with the aid of the bright moonlight prevailing at the time. Canals and rivers stood out very clearly. Nickels were dropped on a run between the two towns and after the reconnaissance was completed, course was set for Base, which was reached at 01.20 hours without any further incident and a landing made at 01.30 hours. Throughout the whole of the journey, numerous searchlights were encountered, but they failed to locate the aircraft. No A.A. fire was encountered.

Wellington Mk.1A  AA-?
Raid No. PCB.148 River Weser

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Murphy, RAF – Front Gunner.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:25 – Landed 01:30
Flight Time 06:05

12/04/1940 – Search for enemy warships off the coast of Norway
As Captain of aircraft p.9210 I took off in a formation consisting of 8 aircraft deom No.37 Squadron and 4 aircraft of No.75(NZ) Squadron in search of enemy warships reported off the coast of Norway. Course was set from Base at 09.16 hours and the formation climbed to a height of 8,500 feet before settling down to steady flight, above 8/10 cloud. As the Norweigan coast was approached the weather deteriorated, so the formation came down to 500 feet, but eventually had to split up.

After flying through a heavy rain squall, better weather was experienced and I rejoined formation on aircraft P.9206 ) S/Ldr.Kay) the only other aircaft in sight. As no enemy ships were sighted course was set for Base, which was reached at 15.15 hours without any further incident.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9210 AA-Y

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Murphy, RAF – Front Gunner.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 09:15 – Landed 15:15
Flight Time 06:00

21/04/1940 – AALBORG AERODROME
As Captain of aircraft P.9210 I took off at 18.30 hrs on 21st April 1940 and set course for AGGER on the Danish coast at 18.38 hrs. We climbed on the course to 6,000ft at-1/2 boost and 2200r.p.m. and thereafter cruised at -2 boost and 2200 r.p.m. At 19.15 hrs D.R. position 53° 20′ N. 02° 00′ E, we sighted a small vessel, possibly a destroyer, proceeding South East at approximately 25 knots, which on observing out aircraft began zigzagging. I instructed the navigator to report the position and course of the vessel by syko, but the W/T Operator was unable to pass the message to Base. We crossed the Danish coast at 21.10hrs approximately 20 miles South of BOVBJAERG light which was flashing one white flash every 5 seconds and thereupon altered course to due North to pick up landmarks. Visibility was very good with bright moonlight and we proceeded to climb to 8,500 ft and after sighting the coast North West of AALBORG, we turned onto 090* to run up on the target, the locality of which was easily discernable owing to the small inland in the estuary directly opposite the aerodrome. We approached the target at 8,500ft and were subjected to intense and accurate searchlight activity the aircraft being held continuously by the searchlights in spite of evasive action and desynchonisation of aircrews. Considerable light flak opened up from the vicinity of the aerodrome and two heavy flak batteries to the North and North East of the aerodrome opened fire. The light flak failed to reach our height, but the heavy flak was frequently within 100yds of our aircraft and accurate for height. On this run the bomb aimer failed to locate his target owing to intense searchlight glare and we turned North over AALBORG town and thereafter attacked the target from North to South being subjected to accurate heavy flak continuously.

Bombs were dropped in the order incendiary, 40lb G.P. and 250lb G.P. bombs, the bomb aimer reporting good sighting on the target and on diving away from the target area a large fire was observed burning in the vicinity of the aerodrome. Searchlights were of a blueish white colour and were concentrated mainly in the aerodrome area. Two heavy flak batteries were also noted on the opposite side of the estuary to the aerodrome. The Black-Out over DENMARK was very effective and no movements of traffic, railways or ships were seen. No enemy aircraft were seen. We set course for FELTWELL at 22.00 hrs and at 00.47 hrs commenced homing on MILDENHALL crossing the English coast at 01.05 hrs and landing at FELTWELL at 01.30 hrs.

Navigation throughout was by D.R. assisted by D/F fixes and homing bearings. We were unable to obtain Astro sights owing to the failure of the sextant lighting.
Distance covered = 1,043 miles.
Petrol Consumption = 73.1 galls per hour.
Oil             ”                 =1/2 gall per hour

Wellington Mk.1A P.9210 AA-Y
Raid No. TCB.173

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Murphy, RAF – Front Gunner.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:35 – Landed 01:35
Flight Time 07:00

10/05/1940 – Bombing attack on Waalhaven Aerodrome
Three Wellington Aircraft carried out individual attacks on the WAALHAVEN (ROTTERDAM) Aerodrome, in accordance with instructions contained in Form :B” 132 of 10th May 1940.
Each aircraft carried the following bomb load 12 – 250 lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T. only. TCB.189 reported that target was located with difficulty, assisted by flare dropped by a preceding aircraft. A stick of 6 bombs dropped from 2000ft observed to hit at 20 yards intervals among the aerodrome buildings. Remainder of bombs dropped 200 yards S.W. of buildings from same height. TCB.190 reported that two runs with sticks of 6 bombs each dropped. First stick and two bombs of second stick seen to strike the buildings, while remaining four fell on aerodrome. All turrets used their guns on buildings. TCB.191 reported that after a dummy run over ‘Drome, 12 bombs also dropped in two sticks. Hits observed on aerodrome surface from centre to perimeter, 5 bombs falling just on Northern edge. Surface appeared well pitted with bomb craters, some of which were still smouldering. Large fires reported by all crews, mostly in South east part of ROTTERDAM. Very little A.A. Fire encountered, and searchlights feeble, not in usual groups. No enemy aircraft seen, weather good and clear, but dark owing to the absence of moon.
All aircraft were safely landed at Base by 02.50 hours on 11th May 1940.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:35 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 03:15

21/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Aachen and Dinant)
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets, six on target AACHEN and two on target DINANT.
All aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T. bombs each.

KCB.248 dropped 12 bombs on Marshalling yards and scored direct hits, and also KCB.249.

KCB. 252 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.

KCB.253, KCB.256, KCB257 successfully attacked target, but unable to observe results due to intense searchlight activity. KCB.256 proceeded and attacked Power Station on S.E. of MAASTRICHT dropping three sticks of two bombs each. Two hits seen on railway siding beside station.

KCB.267 attacked road and rail bridge at DINANT, all strikes very near.

KCB.266 also on target failed to return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 04:55

13/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G9 and G6.
Three aircraft carried 6 – 500lbs G.P. bombs each, while remaining four carried 12 – 250lbs. bombs each.

KCB.422 reports that due to bad weather in vicinity of target unable to locate same, so dropped bombs on aerodrome at CALAIS. Bursts observed, but no results obtained due to searchlight activity.

KCB.423 located and attacked target, but did not observe result of bomb bursts due to local haze.

KCB.424 failed to locate target due to 10/10 cloud at 1000ft. Attacked dock area at BOULGNE after search, in shallow dive to 6,000ft, dropping all bombs. Hits observed and big explosion seen to occur.

KCB.425 also failed to locate target, so carried out attack on approaches to LE TOUQUET.

KCB.430 located his target and carried out attack from 10,000 feet dropping 6 – 500lbs bombs in stick. Bursts seen on objective, but results not known.

KCB431 attacked target with 3 – 500lbs bombs the only result observed on road junction at Eastern edge of town. Other 3 – 500lbs bombs independently dropped on A.A. batteries with good results.

KCB.433 successfully located target and was about to attack town when convoy of approximately 12 vehicles seen. Convoy then object of attack and 4 – 500lbs bombs dropped. Three direct hits seen, remaining bomb falling on road ahead of first vehicle. Two other 500lbs bombs dropped on outer edge of latter, bursts seen but damage not known. Attack carried out from 6,000 feet in shallow dive.

Due to bad weather around target areas, no observations were made.
A.A. Fire fairly intensive, but inaccurate light flak experienced by most of crews while in vicinity of target. Heavy flak fire not encountered by any of crews concerned.
Searchlights fairy active over whole of target area and at all main towns encountered on route to and from targets.

No enemy aircraft encountered.
Weather on route, not good, 10/10 cloud experienced up to 10,000ft. In area of target G6 fairly good, but heavy ground haze at G9 made pin-pointing difficult. Navigation by D/R and homing bearings and visual fixes.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. KCB.422 G9

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 01:55
Flight Time 04:15

17/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.73.
Seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target A.73 in RUHR district.
Five aircraft carried 9 – 250lbs bombs (GP) and one containers of incendiaries each, while remaining two carried 4 – 500lbs G.P. bombs and one containers of incendiaries each.

LCB.446 reports that he located target and dropped stick of 9 – 250lbs bombs and container of incendiaries from 10,500ft on course 020 degrees (M) approximately. Bursts seen on target and fires started in vicinity.

LCB.447 precision bombed from 14,500 feet. A dummy run and then 4 – 500lbs bombs dropped and another run dropping container of incendiaries. Expected good results because of lack of interference from the enemy, although not observed.

Owing to excellent weather conditions prevailing LCB.448 located target without difficulty, but searchlights proved troublesome. Whole bomb load of 4 – 500lbs and container of incendiaries dropped in level attack from 10,000ft. Bursts being observed and fires started by incendiaries.

LCB.452 made bombing attack steering 120 degrees. All bursts observed and bombs seen to straddle road and railway and continue towards target. Two larger explosions observed during bursts. After initial bursts fires appeared to be fading, as apparently incendiaries had not fallen on a vulnerable spot.

LCB.453 dropped all bombs in one stick in a dive attack from 7,500ft. Middle bomb of stick seen to score direct hit on road immediately to East of target and latter half of stick disported themselves within target area. Incendiaries caused medium fires.

Target attacked in shallow dive by LCB.454 5 – 250lbs bombs dropped on first run, falling on railway lines West of target. In second run 4 – 250lbs bombs straddled target, but incendiaries fell short.

Owing to error in map reading LCB.455 dropped five bombs on river west of DUSSELDORF. After realising mistake flew to target and dropped remainder of bombs. Three members of crew reported small fires caused.

Air light at ANTWERP reported still functioning by LCB.454, and dummy flare paths seen in various places. Balloons observed flying in most areas around RUHR. Light and heavy flak experienced by all in target area. Searchlights in great force in and around target area, due to large number aircraft operating in district, pilots had no difficulty in keeping out of beams. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather good, slightly hazy in target area. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. LCB.447 A.73

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 04:50

19/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.39 and L.82.
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks. Five aircraft carried 5 – 500lbs. S.A.P. bombs, two 5 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs, and the remaining one carried 9 – 250lbs. bombs and one case of incendiaries.

LCB.462 reports that his bombs dropped in shallow dive attack at 5,000feet. Results unobserved.

LCB.463 dropped stick of 5 – 500lbs S.A.P. bombs from N to S over target. Hits believed to have been attained. Target first attacked by dive bombing to 2,000 feet, but had to be broken off due t intense light flak, so level attack carried out then at 7,000 feet.

LCB.464 kept in formation with LCB.462 until target located, as instructed. Attack carried out in shallow dive from 8,000 to 5,000 feet, at which height bombs released. Bursts observed on Western bank along-side lock gates. Damage inflicted, not noted.

LCB.465 reports that bombing results were not observed.

LCB.466 reports weather conditions assisted in location of target, moon illuminated target. A good run and sight made and close stick dropped, but bursts not observed, as they were S.A.P. bombs.
At base of dive from 10,400 to 7,500 feet LCB.467 released stick of bombs, although target clearly visible, nil results observed.

After failing to locate target owing to ground haze, LCB.474 attacked rail and road bridge at DUSSELDORF. Stick of five overshot target area. Appeared to fall in what might have been docks on Rhine.

LCB.475 attacked from SE to NW along parallel railway and road from COLOGNE in shallow dive releasing bombs in stick, with incendiaries following. Six bursts observed between road and railway. Every possibility of hit indicated, grey smoke seen last coming from position of bomb bursts. Incendiaries caused initial fires, but doubtful whether would last.
Balloons noticed flying over all main towns on route to and from target and over AMSTERDAM, height 6,000 to 8,000 feet.

Heavy flak noticed over OSNABRUCK and numerous searchlights, also over AMSTERDAM.

LCB.462 reports that one ME.109 seen off Dutch Coast at 8,000 feet, did not attack.

Weather good over whole part of route and moon to pilots advantage.
Navigation by D/R and visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. LCB.474 L.82

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 03:40
Flight Time 05:10

24/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets F.19 & A.108
One of eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, five carried 7 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each, remaining aircraft on target A.108 carried 10 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each.

LCB.483 reports that no results observed due to heavy haze over target area.

LCB.484 reports that bombs dropped in stick at base of a dive, interval between bombs of .5 second, but results of 350lbs bombs not observed.

LCB.485 unable to locate exact position of F.19 so bombs dropped from E to W on South side of KASSEL. One 250lbs bomb observed to burst, and fires started by incendiaries, large explosion followed by a gush of white flame from centre of the fires.

LCB.489 located target by following autobahn and river from MUNDEN. Bombs dropped in stick in shallow dive from SW to NE, bursts observed. Have prevented further observations.

LCB,490 attacked secondary target (M434) at HAMM (Railway Marshalling Yards). Weather conditions made task difficult. Whole bomb loads dropped from 12,000 ft. Railway lines seen clearly in Marshalling yards and bursts seen in vicinity, large fires observed to follow.
Target F.19 not attacked by KCB.491 town and Eastern approaches not distinguishable. Flak Battery at KASSEL bombed, ceased firing, aerodrome buildings at LIPPSTADT, and flak Battery on outskirts of MUNSTER, where incendiaries caused fires. Battery did not resume fire.

LCB.501 reports DORTMUND located and although actual factory not seen, vicinity located and bombed. All bombs being dropped in one stick and all bursts observed, but results could not be ascertained. High level attack at 9,500 feet.

In target area a flare dropped by LCB.502 which illuminated target, but extinguished before bombing run completed. No other flares dropped due to thick haze. Blast furnaces in vicinity of A.108 then attacked at 00.35 hours from 9,000 feet. Bomb bursts seen, but no material damage observed. A few small fires started, but did not last more than 2 minutes.

Two balloons observed flying over KASSEL area, and flare path extinguished ay KASSEL aerodrome on approach of first aircraft. Both light and heavy flak experienced over targets. Searchlights numerous and active, and around all main towns. Weather fair throughout, heavy haze over target made identification difficult. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. LCB.501 A.108

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 04:10
Flight Time 05:40

26/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.431, H.49, and M.122
Each of Eight aircraft who took part from this Unit carried 8 – 250lbs. N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 6hr. delay bomb, and 1 – 250lbs 12 hr. delay, and one case of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.

DCB.513 reports that results not observed owing to heavy haze over target area.

DCB.514 dropped bombs in stick and three large fires started, and several smaller ones West of target, one very large white explosion observed.
OSNABRUCK located by DCB.515 and level attack from East to West carried out, on Marshalling yards.
Bombs observed to burst on marshalling yard and incendiaries started numerous fires on buildings. Fires were punctuated with many explosions followed by gushes of white flame, still burning when target left.

DCB.516 reports bombs dropped on railway bridges one mile east of VOLLINGHOUSEN. All bombs seen to burst and flaming debris appeared to come to great height. Damage felt to be severe. Bombing height 3,000ft.

DCB.517 reports that bomb load dropped in one salvo, which it is estimated hit target in SE corner. Numerous small fires started, which caused small explosions sometime after target had been left.
Bombs dropped in one stick in level attack by DCB.518 and bursts observed on aerodrome and three in buildings. Large explosion followed burst of one bomb, and for large fires were started.

DCB.519 reports that primary target (M122) Marshalling yards at SCHWERTE located and believed bombed successfully from 12,000ft. Close stick dropped on SW course and eight bursts observed by rear gunner in vicinity of target, and also fires.

Original target at SCWERTE not located by DCB.520 due to thunderstorms, but SCHIPOL attacked by dive bombing from 9,000ft to 2,500ft. A stick of 10 bombs and incendiaries dropped right across aerodrome WSW – ENE about 250 yards from hangars. First three bursts seen, but searchlights prevented anything being seen.

A number of dummy flare paths observed, exact positions not definitely pin-pointed. Balloons seen over HAMM, and A.A. fire fairly intense over OSNABRUCK, very heavy over WAALHAVEN and SCHIPOL. Searchlights very intense over all target areas. Weather not good, thunderstorms prevalent making observations difficult in most areas. Icing experienced above 8,000ft in clouds. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. DCB.516 H.49

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:10 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 05:15

02/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.28 in Ruhr
Five aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above target, but due to poor weather conditions prevailing over the whole target area, alternative targets attacked.
Four aircraft carried – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 2 – 250lbs G.P. 6hr delay, and one container of incendiaries each, while remaining aircraft’s load made up of 4 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 500lbs 12hr delay and one case of incendiaries.

CB.557 reports that no attacks were made by him. CB.558 reports that bombs dropped in stick on buildings on dock area of ROTTERDAM. Salvos greeted by gushes of flame and tiers of blue sparks consistent with results expected, were the target a Power House or Ammunition Dump. Target situated to West of ROTTERDAM on river to coast, and bombs dropped from 3,500 feet.
After some difficulty in locating target or suitable target, dock area at ZEEBRUGGE attacked in a shallow dive, and bomb load with exception of 3 – 250lbs bombs, which failed to release, was dropped. Six hits observed, many explosions and fierce fires started.

CB.563 reports, two sticks of bombs dropped in vicinity of NEUZS. Height 11,000feet. Time 02.15 hours. Four bombs were observed to burst and the incendiaries caused fires.
On part of CB.564 owing to failure of generator and consequent failure of batteries, decided to return to Base, after having flown 50 miles in from coast. Endeavour made to drop sticks on four bombs searchlight concentrations at aerodrome GLIZE-RIJEN, but only one bomb released. Jettisoning action also taken over sea, but with no effect, so remaining bombs brought back to base.

No important observations etc., made.
A.A. fire heavy over original target area. Although aircraft were above 10/10 cloud most of time A.A. fire was still heavy.
All main towns and target area, had intense searchlight activity going on.
Weather very poor 10/10 cloud experienced most of time as low as 2,000 feet making positioning difficult. Navigation by D/R and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. CB.558 A.28

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 03:00
Flight Time 05:15

04/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target F.49 and M.431
The bomb load of the five Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was as follows:- two carried 9 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs and one case of incendiaries each, two others carried 4 – 250lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 18hr delay and one case of incendiaries each, remaining machines load consisted of 2 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and 1 – 500lbs G.P. 12 hr delay.

CB568 reports that due to local haze around the target and by being continually caught in searchlights, unable to locate original target so decided to return to EMDEN and carry out attack there. While on way, aerodrome VEDEL located and attack carried out on same. Hits observed and fires started.

WILHELMSHAVEN docks precision bombed with 3 – 500lbs. bombs at 0.12hrs, height 11,000ft by CB.569. On bomb observed to burst in the ANSTRASTUNER HAVEN area. This burst was observed to cause a white glow in the form of a square.

CB.570 located primary target (A.49) and dropped a close stick from East to West from 11,000 feet. Fires were seen to be started after doing a turn to observe results.

Owing to intense searchlight activity and haze target could not be identified by CB.573. Clouds covered secondary target at SCHIPOL, and a low attack was out of question owing to approaching daylight, so bombs were brought back.

Target was located and bombs were dropped in one stick by CB.574, bursts observed and several fires caused. Suspected hit with high level attack at 9,500 feet.

Balloons were seen flying at HAMBURG up as high as 14,000 feet, they appeared to be in Groups of six at a time.

Heavy flak fire of all types was experienced, some as high as 15,000 feet. It was very intense and accurate all over the target area.

Searchlights intense and accurate over whole of area.
CB569 reports that two single engine aircraft were seen over HAMBURG. CB570 reports three fighters in Vic formation near BREMEN.

Weather was fair throughout, haze was wide spread over the target area making observations difficult.
Navigation by D/R, received fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. CB.574 F.49

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 02:40
Flight Time 04:40

08/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Alternate Target (Z61) for A.73 – Benvine Plant at MORS
Due to bad weather prevailing the six Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target A.73, Benzine Plant at MORS, had to attack alternate target Z61.
Very mixed bomb load carried, consisting of 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and some 500lbs G.P. 6-18hr delay, 250lbs, G.P.’s and cases of incendiaries , were attached to each aircraft.

CB.589 reports A.73 not attacked owing to 10/10 cloud at 6,000 feet. SCHIPOL aerodrome was attacked by dive bombing from 9,000 feet to 4,000 feet. Three bursts observed on concrete runways and one just off runways. Results of incendiaries not observed, as aircraft violently attacked by light flak and machine gun fire, whilst being held in searchlights.

CB.590 also unable to attack target due to cloud so bombed WAALHAVEN, aerodrome at 00.55hrs. One stick observed to burst near hangars, other on boundary but results of incendiaries not observed.

Bombs and incendiaries seen to burst S.E. of WAALHAVEN aerodrome by CB.591. No fires were seen. No hits on aerodrome.

Results not observed by CB.594 owing to searchlight activity.

CB595 attacked DUSSELDORF aerodrome (LOHAUSEN) from 13,000 feet. All bombs released in one stick falling one hundred yards from Western perimeter lights. Bursts observed and several fires started.

A dive attack made from 9,000ft to 7,500ft by CB.596, the bombs being released at base of dive. Incendiaries seen to cause numerous explosions and fires with thick columns of black smoke. The explosions still taking place 15 minutes after the bombs had hit.

Many lights observed in HOLLAND, a number of enemy aerodromes noted to be active, but all lights extinguished on approach of our aircraft.

A.A. fire was heavy in places of interest and over enemy aerodromes, and searchlights very active over target area and around aerodromes.

CB.589 reports attacking an aircraft with navigation lights, after 200 rounds had ben fired from front guns, lights on other machine extinguished. Results of action not known. CB.591 observed two aircraft take off from WAALHAVEN, but no contact was made.

Weather was clear towards Dutch coast, but 10/10 cloud prevailed over target area.
Navigation by D/R, visual fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. CB.595 A.73

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Sgt. Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 02:40
Flight Time 04:50

14/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, M.434, & M.116
Total number of bombs carried by seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was:-
47 – 250lbs. bombs of mixed delay.
4 – 500lbs. By CB.608, in addition, each aircraft carried 1 case of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.605 reports, target could not be definitely located in time available. Railway marshalling yards at STADE were attacked from level flight at 9,000ft. One stick was dropped and five bursts observed approximately 100 yards short of the yards.

CB.606 reports, bombs dropped in one stick from 8,000ft after dive from 10,000ft. Owing to searchlight glare and violent avoiding action taken after release of bombs, no results were observed.

A high level attack, 15,000ft, was carried out by CB.607, but owing to enemy opposition, searchlights and A.A., no results were observed. One bomb and incendiaries hung up, but dropped on the Southern part of HAMBURG.

All bombs released in one stick at 15,000ft over target by CB.608. Bombs seen to burst with large sheets of flame slightly to South of target with the last two bombs in target area.

CB.618 attacked marshalling yards at HAMM successfully from 12,000ft. Five bursts observed and two very large fires started and seen burning fiercely 40 miles away on return journey.
CB.619 reports, five 250lbs. bombs seen to burst in town, and three in marshalling yards. All incendiaries seen to fall in marshalling yards, also, causing fires visible after 20 minutes flying on homeward course (50 miles).

Target area reached by CB.620 after diving through layer of cloud at 10,000ft. SOEST identified by means of parachute flares. A level attack from West to East at 9,000ft carried out on marshalling yard at 030.30hrs. Five 250lbs bombs seen to burst on marshalling yard, and incendiaries caught buildings on Southern edge of target, starting two strong fires, which were still raging fiercely when area left 40 minutes later. More fires seen to start at 00.55hrs.

Balloons seen at heights from 6,000ft to 14,000ft over HAMBURG, BREMEN etc., Intense heavy and light flak over entire area.
Searchlights very active over whole area.
Weather was fair. Targets were located despite the local ground haze.
Navigation was D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. CB.608 A.10

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
F/S Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 03:20
Flight Time 05:30

20/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.70 and A.71
Nine aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks on targets above. The Squadron suffered its second loss, since the beginning of Operations in March 1940, when CB.650 (F/O. Watson, Captain) failed to return.

CB.639 reports, two attacks, consisting of two sticks of 5 bombs each were dropped over the target at 00.33 hours. Height 5,000 feet. Previously to this another aircraft had dropped incendiaries in same area. Fires and explosions from other aircraft’s bombs, on target, but few from incendiaries which dropped little to West of actual area. EINDHAVEN flare path bombed with stick of 3 – 250lbs. bombs at 22.35 hours by CB.640. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Target A.70 located and bombed at 00.25hrs. Bursts observed and fires observed to break out and gradually increased.

CB.641 reports, being unable to identify target, bombs were dropped from 9,500ft in one stick on railway junction at KAMEN. Last two bombs observed to burst in railway yards.

CB.648 located target after waiting for cloud to disperse and doing several dummy runs. Believed bombed successfully as four bursts observed on N.E. corner of works and fires started across railway line.

CB.649 reports, the incendiaries seen to burst on Southern extremity of target. The 250lbs bombs were not observed owing to cloud over target.

Level attack from 10,800ft made by CB.651 from N.E. to S.W. on target A.71. Three hits obtained on N side of target, remaining bombs appeared to undershoot. Several small fires started followed by minor explosions.

A high level attack carried out from 14,000ft by CB.652. One large flash observed and number of small fires. One red and two green.

CB.653 reports, the target located without difficulty, being made so by light of moon and excellent landmarks. Bombed from 11,000ft in one stick on straight run over target. Results unobserved.

Balloons seen up to 14,000 feet in many towns over RUHR. Heavy flak experienced over WESEL and all target areas, accurate for height etc./ Searchlights over whole area.

Three H.E. 113’s attacked CB639 over WESEL. (i) above and astern (ii)Starboard qtr and below. (iii) below and astern. No.(ii) shot down in flames, No. 3 assumed disabled. No.1 attacked 3 times afterwards.

Weather fair, visibility good, throughout whole of journey. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings. The moon was quite advantageous in helping to locate the target.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. CB.650 A.70

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – Pilot.
P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Gordon Murray Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
F/S Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off – Landed –
Flight Time – Missing

There is no record, regarding the details of the loss of Wellington Mk. 1c R.3165 AA-L. The aircraft came down near Weseke, approximately 40 miles North North West of Horst airfield, near Gelsenkirchen. Other crews on the Op noted the presence of three Me.109’s, seen in the moonlight over the target area. Thus, it would be reasonable to conjecturise that the Watson crew succumbed to at least one of these aircraft.

F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAFVR 77026 – Pilot.
Killed age 27.
Son of Mr. and Mrs. W. Watson, of Wellington City, New Zealand.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – Coll. grave 21. F. 1.

P/O Edward Colin Joseph Cameron, RAF 36237 – 2nd Pilot.
Killed age 19.
Son of Alan Banks Cameron and Alice Amelia Cameron, of Waihi, Auckland, New Zealand.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – Coll. grave 21. F. 1.

Sgt. Gordon Murry Cumming, RAFVR 743076 – Observer.
Killed age 27.
Son of Hugh and Lucy Bygrove Cumming, of Glasgow.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – Coll. grave 21. F. 1.
‘Always remembered’

F/S Ronald Alexander John Anderson, RNZAF NZ36139 – Front Gunner.
Killed age 26.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – Coll. grave 21. F. 1.

Sgt. John Lewis Owen, RNZAF NZ391332 – Rear Gunner.
Killed age 24.
Son of Wilfred and N. G. Owen, of Wanganui, Wellington, New Zealand.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany..
Grave location – Coll. grave 21. F. 1.