Tag Archives: Ake Ake Kia Kaha

Jimmy Ward meets the Prime Minister

Image from the Jack Way personal album collection. A group of, believed to be No. 75 Squadron aircrew, gathered in front of a Wellington to meet the New Zealand High Commissioner Bill Jordan. Unknown location. NB. The Wellington is not a No. 75 Squadron aircraft. – Air Force Museum of NZ ref. ALB88125123b098.

From Chris…..

Just recently the Air Force Museum of New Zealand’s Keeper of the Photographs, Matthew O’Sullivan has published a wonderful online collection of beautiful photographs from the Museum’s archives:

Amongst them is this photo, showing a visit by NZ High Commissioner Bill Jordan to 75(NZ) Squadron at Feltwell.

However, the gentleman in the dark suit shaking hands right of centre is clearly the New Zealand Prime Minister of the time, Peter Fraser. Jordan appears to be at far left, also in a dark suit.

A bit of searching of newspaper reports from 1941 has revealed more information.

NZ Prime Minister the Right Hon. Peter Fraser NZ and High Commissioner Bill Jordan visited the NZ Bomber Squadron at Feltwell on 13 August 1941, as reported in The Press:

“Arriving at their station a few hours after their aeroplanes returned from plastering Hanover, Mr Fraser visited the New Zealand bomber squadron.

Among the men he saw was Sergeant Pilot J. A. Ward, V.C..

Mr Fraser said: “New Zealand is very proud of you. I congratulate you heartily on your well deserved honour.”

Mr Fraser was introduced to members of Sergeant Pilot Ward’s crew, including Sergeant Gunner A. R. T. Box, D.F.M., of Auckland, and Sergeant Observer L. A. Lawton, of Wellington.

The squadron paraded in a hangar, and Mr Fraser walked down the lines, shaking hands with every man. He talked with the men in the sergeants’ mess. His audience included more than a dozen winners of D.F.C.’s and D.F.M.’s, who have distinguished themselves over Germany.”

In the photo, Bill Jordan is 2nd to left, and next to him is Sgt James Ward V.C., and then two of his crew mates, skipper S/L Reuben “Ben” Widdowson DFC RCAF (with moustache) and rear gunner Sgt Allan “Shorty” Box DFM RNZAF. Another crew mate, navigator Sgt Joe Lawton RNZAF is identifiable five along from Box, standing at the rear.

In the official party in the foreground, 2nd from left is Station Commander W/C Maurice Buckley, performing one of his final duties before being posted out from Feltwell. PM Fraser (in dark suit) is shaking hands with an unknown airman.

Several other airmen are identifiable – Sgt Joe White (Wireless Specialist, in front of Joe Lawton, looking back towards Ward & Jordan), unknown, F/O Graham Parker (pilot), Sgt Alec Rowe (rear gunner, Parker crew), and (F/O?) Ted Williams (squadron Signals Leader, with moustache, behind W/C Buckley).

Mr Jordan had also been at Feltwell two nights earlier, when the squadron held a special smoking concert in Jimmy Ward’s honour.

Victory in Europe – 8th of May 1945

A wonderful opportunity today, to remember the cessation of hostilities in Europe, on this date, 75 years ago. I am sure we are all sat here today, having perhaps expected to engage with these anniversary celebrations in a way significantly different to how and where we find ourselves on this Friday.

The report of this momentous day was recorded in the Mepal Station Log, with, typically understated, yet factually precise manner as can be seen below:

One assumes that there was the odd beer and celebrations a plenty, though, the Squadron was still tasked with flying responsibilities, perhaps fittingly, it was this day that saw the final ’Manna’ sortie flown from Mepal in support of humanitarian efforts for the Dutch people.

Strangely, I have found no specific recollections of this day, though one must assume for many it represented a massive release, but perhaps also the start of the collective burden that many of the boys would carry to varying degrees for years after.

It was not long before attentions turned from the smouldering devastation of the defeated Third Reich to the Far East, where the War continued and as such, plans were made to reconfigure the Squadron to support these intended needs – 75(NZ) Squadron was to join ‘Tiger Force’. I was perhaps a cruel irony that these plans did not include the RAF aircrew of the Squadron, the Squadron being crewed exclusively by RNZAF aircrew.

75(NZ) Squadron RAF finished the War with highest number of sorties flown in all of Bomber Command, the second highest number of operational aircraft loses and the second highest number of aircrew loses in the Command – a total of 1,139

 

AKE AKE KIA KAHA!

Sad news…….

It gives me great sadness to report the passing of 2 75(NZ) Squadron veterans – Leonard Cooper and Charles Green

I received an email from Leonard’s son the day before last letting me know that Leonard passed on the 30th of March, aged 97. Yesterday I learnt through a post Vic Jay had made on his ‘The Mallon crew’ Facebook page that we had also lost Charles on the morning of the 8th, aged 98 years.

Leonard Cooper – Mid Upper Gunner
Leonard arrived first at Mepal, on the 17th of August 1944, as Mid Upper Gunner with Ken Southwards crew. The crew’s first Op together was on the 6th of the following month, attacking targets at Harqueoc, Le Havre. A further 5 Ops followed, until the crew took off on the 6th of October to attack targets at Dortmund.

Twenty nine aircraft were detailed to attack Dortmund, but one of these was withdrawn owing to a technical failure. Twenty six aircraft attacked the target in good weather and a very accurate and concentrated raid was reported, large fires being left burning. A.A. Fire was moderate, but fighters were active and the aircraft captained by NZ427798 F/S W. Farr, had a series of combats during which the enemy aircraft was claimed as being destroyed. One aircraft returned early and landed at Woodbridge owing to a technical failure and another (Captain NZ411048 F/O K. Southward) failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I LM104 JN – K,  was at 22,000ft, probably en route to the target, when it was brought down by an enemy night-fighter SW of Monchengladbach, 50 miles south west of Dortmund, crashing near Willich. The Pilot was able to control the aircraft long enough to enable his crew to bailout successfully but was unable to do so himself and he bravely died in the crash. He was buried at Willich but later reinterred at the Rheinberg War Cemetery. All of Southward’s crew were captured as prisoners of war.

Taking prisoner number, 1060, Leonard was initially interned at Dulag Luft, before arriving at Stalag Luft VII, in Silesia, Germany (now Bąków, Opole Voivodeship, Poland). During his stay at Luft VII, he was promoted to Flight Sergeant.

On the 19th of January 1945, Leonard was one of the 1,500 RAF, RNZAF, RCAF and RAAF prisoners who were marched out of camp in the bitter winter cold. They crossed a bridge over the river Oder on 21st of January, reached Goldberg on 5th of February, and were loaded onto a train. On 8th of February they reached Stalag III-A located about 32 miles south of Berlin.

Leonard was liberated by the Russian on 22nd of April 1945 – his date of return to the UK is not known.

Charles Frederick Green – Mid Under Gunner
Charles Frederick Green arrived at Mepal on the 16th of January 1945, along with Gwyn Duglan, both as Mid Under Gunners.

Charlie was born in Peckham in October 1921 and volunteered to join the air force in January 1941 while still only nineteen. In September 1943 he was posted to No. 429 Squadron at R.A.F. Leeming, North Yorkshire.

He went on to complete 34 operations as a Halifax mid-upper gunner before becoming ‘tour expired’ in July 1944.

After further training at RAF Feltwell in the use of the 0.50 calibre machine gun as a Mid Under Gunner. Whilst at Mepal, he completed 13 more operations, all in the same aircraft, AA-L (HK562), but with 6 different crews, including 3 ops with the Mallon crew and 1 Op with my Father’s crew (Zinzan).

Charles married Marjorie, whom he originally met at Mepal, in the Officer’s Mess, in 1947 and moved from his home in Dagenham to the village of Dore, near Sheffield. In 1960, after a holiday in Blackpool, they decided to move to Poulton-le-Fylde.

When V.E. Day cut short his second tour, Charles had completed a total of fifty operations and, on the 25th September 1945, he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. He always insisted he was not a hero: ‘I was only doing what everyone else was doing’ he said, ‘We all did our bit’.

Our condolences extend to both families at this sad time

Ake Ake Kia Kaha!

Leslie Edgerton, 1921 – 2020

by David Yates

My father-in-law Leslie Edgerton passed away in Conquest Hospital, Hastings in the early hours of Tuesday 14th January.  Another 75 man, and another of the dwindling band of Bomber Command veterans, has quit us.

IMG_2514 (1)

Leslie photographed on the occasion of his 98th birthday on 23rd April – St George’s Day – 2019.

 

 

 

 

Leslie volunteered for RAF service in the autumn of 1942 hoping, as they all did, to be a pilot.  It wasn’t until spring of 1943, as the Battle for Berlin was hitting the headlines, that things began to get going for him.  A reserved, unassuming, and thoughtful man, Leslie was not selected for pilot training but was sent to No2 Radio School, Yatesbury.  He gained his first air experience on 6th April 1943.  He was then sent on a gunnery course at RAF Manby, and on to AFU at Millom.

A transfer to No.11 OTU Westcott followed, and after an ab initio course in which he was subjected to the usual night vision and decompression tests, he had his first taste of crewing a medium bomber.  On 3rd September 1943 he flew for the first time with F/S C.E. Armstrong, with whom he had crewed up.  The fateful eight-month journey to Dortmund had begun.  The Armstrong crew was signed off on 24th October 1943 and despatched to Wratting Common for conversion to Stirlings.  After little more than 40 hours flying and then two-weeks’ leave the Amstrong crew mustered at Mepal for operational duty with 75 RNZAF Squadron, Mepal.  They had arrived on the front line.

They had a good initial run, starting on 14th January 1943 with laying six mines in the Fresians area.  The squadron was untroubled by losses until 24th February 1943.  But then on their seventh op, laying mines in Kiel Bay, Stirling EH984 captained by PO H.H. Bruhns crew went down.  They were all killed.  Leslie and the Armstrong boys came safe home.

The next day Leslie was asked to fill in for the absent w/op of the Willis crew, who were down for mine-laying in Copenhagen Bay.  Their Stirling was attacked head-on by a flight of six JU88s.  The aircraft was riddled with canon-fire, and Leslie later reported actually seeing the tracers scorching by him as he sat at his station.  Everyone survived and the aircraft landed safely back at Mepal.

No doubt gratefully, Leslie returned to his crew mates.  A couple of quiet mine-laying ops followed and then on 4th March they were sent on a special French op where another Stirling was lost, captained by the New Zealander PO S.L. Watson.  The Mid-Upper was taken prisoner.  Watson and the other crew members were killed.  But the ops, either mine-laying or targets in France, continued to tick quietly by for Leslie.  Then, suddenly, the great change finally came to 3 Group and Mepal, and the conversion from Stirlings to Lancasters was begun.  The Armstrong crew were among the first shipped off to Feltwell for conversion, followed back at Mepal by a series of preparation flights in the beautiful, shining new machines.  Then on the evening of 9th April their first 75 op was mounted.  The Armstrong crew were given ND768 F-Freddie.  In the words of my father Harry:

“Eleven of them were sent to attack the railway yards at Villeneuve St.Georges.  They had all bombed successfully in clear weather, though one had been damaged by friendly bombing and landed at Ford, a fighter station conveniently situated on the coast across from Selsey Bill.”

After the Villeneuve raid the crew flew three ops to Germany – first Karlsruhe, then Essen, then Friedrichshaven; and it was on the latter that another loss occurred.  FO R.W. Herron and his crew were all killed.

By this point Leslie had flown 22 ops and would not have been blamed for beginning to look forward to the end of his tour.  But in early May he began to feel unwell and was diagnosed with a contagious childhood disease most unwelcome at the advanced age of 22.  He was whisked off to the Princess of Wales Hospital in Ely and put in isolation.  It quite likely saved his life.  On 22nd May, Armstrong and his boys, with Sgt C.A. Warburton replacing Leslie, flew F-Freddie to Dortmund and never came back.

Again in my father’s words:
“Knowing nothing of this, a fully recovered F/Sgt Edgerton returned to Mepal resigned to the fact that his crew mates would have completed their tour, but nevertheless hopeful of hearing something of them.  In fact, nothing was offered.  He managed to discover that they were logged FTR, but that was all.  As a pool w/op he went dicing with scratch crews to the end of his tour,”

I have told the story, on this site, of how Harry was able to inform Leslie of the fate of his crew, and how that came to happen fifty years after the event itself, and anyone who would like to read about that can do so here:

Leslie went into the pool, and flew seven more ops with the Crawford, Adolph, and Lethbridge crews.  His last but one op was to Bremen on the night of 18th August 1944, when Harry’s crew were given such a fiery time; and his finale was to the Kamen refinery in daylight on 11th September 1944, when Harry’s R-Roger lost its nose and Harry himself was consigned to Littleport Eye Hospital for seven weeks.

Tour-expired and with other things on his mind, Leslie married Joan Underwood, a Red Cross nurse, on 21st September 1944 at St Mary’s Church, Sanderstead.  The church had been damaged at some point by a stray bomb, and workmen on ladders stopped their repairs and took off their caps to peer benignly down, the most earthly of angels, while the ceremony proceeded.  The couple would have four children over the ensuing ten or so years, the third of them my wife Geraldine.  Leslie worked as an accountant in the post-war years, and did pretty well for himself, living a life of respectable, quiet prosperity in Purley, Surrey and, in retirement, on the south coast near Eastbourne.   But I don’t think he was ever free from the sense of guilt and loss which consumed him that day he returned to Mepal to find his crew mates missing.

Leslie and Joan’s elder daughter Helen and her husband Andrew McGillivray have kindly forwarded me photographs of the crew’s graves, including that of Sgt Warburton, which we hope will serve as an on-line memoir of those brave boys as long as this website is active.

joined comp

Andrew writes:
“In 2012, on one of Helen’s visits to Seaford, Leslie had mentioned that the name of the wireless operator who stood in for him on the Dortmund trip was Warburton.  Out of interest I visited the Commonwealth Graves Commission website and found that he and the other members of the crew were buried in a large military cemetery in Germany, close to the Dutch border.  As it happened, we had been invited to a 60th birthday party in a town close by and we decided whilst we were there to visit Arnhem and the cemetery on the same trip. As with all of the Commonwealth Grave cemeteries that I have visited it is beautifully maintained and very moving when you see the perfectly aligned white headstones stretching out in all directions. What makes it all the more saddening is the ages of these young men most of which were in their early twenties. The entire crew are buried beside one another including Leslie’s replacement.”

In old age Leslie, who kept his wits about him till the end, thought more and more about those times at Mepal.  He was the lucky one.  Now he is gone one wonders how many others are still with us.

Another milestone – 600,000 views!

Just to let everybody that we have just passed the latest big viewing milestone – 600,000 views!

Almost 13 months to the day since we passed the half a million mark, you, the blog audience have added another 100,000 views to our tally and with it we get another small step closer to the magic figure of 1 million views. I think the passing of this new milestone, in the time it has happened is all the more remarkable given my silence regarding posts for essentially 1/4 of the year owing to the self inflicted loss of my laptop!

I have received questions over the years regarding what has been claimed to be my unnecessary emphasis on statistics and particularly the total viewing figures. In the past, I have tried to explain, but now I simply refute these queries. Put simply, this website has become, the largest single resource for 75(NZ) Squadron RAF in the world. It has achieved this by having the most comprehensive collection of records, information and images on the Squadron, which is freely accessible to all. This complete open door policy regarding information is vindicated by the volume of visitors and views that are recorded.

Frustratingly I am picking my way through the busiest part of my professional year – assessment, the awarding of Degrees, the preparation for our annual London show and planning for next academic year means that I am waiting for a clear gap in the next few months to present new material that has come to me over the last 6 months or so – all of you have have contacted me, please be patient – it will all be presented as soon as I can!.

Without sounding like a broken record – please can everybody share the site – so many relatives of the boys who flew with the Squadron have made contact over the years, that it makes me think that there are still many more that have yet to find the site. Please, share the site address, on social media, through the facebook groups you are members of – we need to find these people and we need to encourage them to share what they have or might know.

Also, please, please, please apply for your relatives service records! I cannot overstate the value and importance of the contents of these records to me and the site. Many dates and locations, because of the points of formation of a crew and their subsequent training means that details supplied for one person means that the same details of movement and training can be added to up 6 other individuals. As soon as I can, I will make a downloadable template available to hopefully streamline the transfer of personal details etc that I need for the database.

Here’s to the next 100,000 views!

Ake Ake Kia Kaha!

D-Day

75(NZ) Squadron RAF Operations log for the 5th/6th of June 1944.
The Air Force Museum of New Zealand.

Thanks to Chris for this piece, on the 75th anniversary of the beginning of the Allied liberation of Europe.

The Air Force Museum of New Zealand in Christchurch holds a copy of the 75(NZ) Sqn Operations Log, a document which we were not previously aware of, and which gives us a much more detailed insight into 75 (NZ) Squadron’s contribution to D-Day. On the night of 5th of June 1944, 75(NZ) Squadron had prepared twenty-six Lancasters (a record at that point), and they took off either side of 0330hrs in the morning of the 6th to attack the coastal battery at Ouistreham. They were timed to reach the target at first light, and, on arrival, found a layer of cloud at 7,000 feet, with occasional gaps, through which some crews were able to see the markers. The bombing appeared to be fairly concentrated, no opposition was met, and all aircraft returned safely to Mepal after a round-trip of less than four hours. 

Ouistreham was at the eastern end of the invasion area, where Sword and Juno Beaches would be the scene of the Anglo-Canadian landings. However Mepal crews had not been told of the invasion, but they knew something was up as they were told that more than a thousand aircraft would be operating throughout the night, and that they must adhere to assigned flight routes, heights and times, and not jettison bombs over the Channel.  

From the 75(NZ) Sqn Operations Log: 
At 0730hrs,15 minutes after the last aircraft had landed back at Mepal, one of several ‘top secret’ messages came through from Waterbeach:

 ”D-Day is 6-6-44,  H Hour 0600” 

There were also messages about the distinctive markings of aircraft, and tight restrictions on the use of I.F.F. 

At 0810hrs Waterbeach advised the Colours of the Day: 
1400 – 2000 RY – Q – O
2000 – 0200 RG – J – I   Chaffinch OX
0200 – 0800 GG – C – D
0800 – 1400 GY – H – W 

Duty Beacon 62 – 285

 At 1105hrs Group requested 24 Lancasters be made available for an attack that night, Bomb Loads 18 x 500, petrol 1250 (gallons). 

W/T call signs were advised:  A & B Flt  M.K.H. and C Flt  P.O.K. 

At 1130hrs Target and Aiming Point coordinates were advised and an amendment to the Bomb Load, specifying 90% .025 fusing and 10% long delay (spread evenly over a period of 6 to 36hrs). H Hour 0235hrs. 

At 1610hrs W/C Leslie put the petrol up to 1366 (gallons). 

At 1620hrs Waterbeach advised the route coordinates (there and back). They also advised a bomb jettison location and repeated the instructions not to jettison in the Channel, mentioning “a very considerable volume of shipping”. 

At  1935hrs the target was altered to one of two possible targets (Lisieux one of them) and new route coordinates were advised.  

“Note: The alteration in route is to avoid low flying airborne forces, which are again operating tonight”. 

“A/C in two waves … 75 Sqdn 12 A/C in 1st wave, 12 2nd wave”. 

I.F.F. not to be used except in real emergency – sets were to be sealed in the “Off” position. “Window” and photography instructions given.  

2130hrs – target confirmed as Lisieux.
Strict adherence to routes and times required. Crews to fly below any bad weather over England, up to Thames Estuary, then climb through clouds to 7 or 8000 ft. Keep that height over enemy coast if weather fine, but if 5/10 cloud or more, drop below cloud and bomb below. Be prepared to come down below cloud over the target if markers are not visible. Balloon locations advised. PFF Aiming Point marking colours advised (Red & Green at H-3 to H-2, followed by Yellow & White) 

Master Bomber call sign “Wastepipe 1
Deputy M/B call sign       “Wastepipe 2
Cease Bombing call sign  “Sugar-plum
B/C Frequency 5105 Kc (B); 6440 Kc (D) 

At 2250hrs new instructions came through from BC HQ: 

– no Window- if crews can’t visually identify the target must not bomb any other target
– if any light flak received do not fire back (could be ours)
– route coordinates confirmed, H Hour brought forward to 0135hrs. 

At 2344hrs the first of 24 Lancasters took off from Mepal to attack the railway junction in the town of Lisieux, some twenty miles to the east of Caen.. They reached the target to find a thin layer of cloud at 5,000 feet, which obscured the aiming-point, but the Oboe markers could be seen clearly, and the bombing was considered accurate and concentrated. All returned home safely, the last landing at 0359hrs early on the morning of the 7th.

ANZAC Day 2019

Those heroes that shed their blood
And lost their lives.
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies
And the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side
Here in this country of ours.
You, the mothers,
Who sent their sons from far away countries
Wipe away your tears,
Your sons are now lying in our bosom
And are in peace
After having lost their lives on this land they have
Become our sons as well.

 In 1934, Kemal Atatürk delivered these words to the first Australians, New Zealanders and British to visit the Gallipoli battlefields. They were later inscribed on a monolith at Ari Burnu Cemetery (ANZAC Beach) which was unveiled in 1985. The words also appear on the Kemal Atatürk Memorial, Canberra, and the Atatürk Memorial in Wellington.

Let us take this day to remember all those, from Australia and New Zealand who gave their lives, not only in 75(NZ) Squadron RAF, but in every conflict before and after.

We shall remember them………….

AHE AKE KIA KAHA

75nzsquadron.com – back on Ops!

I am pleased to say that having finally taken ownership of a replacement to my once faithful MacBook Air, I am back and up and running!

Thankfully, the archived image of, lets call it MBA 001, whilst inaccessible as files has populated MBA 002 exactly and nothing of any significance has been lost whatsoever relating to the site or my archives – testament to the benefits of regular backing up methinks……..

It’s been a frustrating few months, but having said this, a constant stream of emails has ensured that there is plenty of content to add and this will happen through posts and updates over the next few months.

I owe a sincere thanks to 2 truly kind hearted souls who actually not only clicked on the ‘just Giving’ link of my ‘dead MacBook’ post from before Christmas, but also were prepared to put their hands in their pockets! In honest truth, as they were the only donations, I didn’t feel it fair to take the money, so I returned it. Many thanks to my lovely wife as always for having the financial clout to be able to step in during my darkest hour(s) and contribute to the effort!

During my imposed absence I have at least been able to continue with the Nominal Roll research, albeit on a PC (yuk). I have now reconciled the original Form 540 database to generate a list of all individuals who flew with the Squadron during the War. I am currently merging this information with individual information gathered form the Form 78 records for RAF personnel, as well as promotions and awards from the London Gazette. Additionally, book references have also added a significant amount of detail.

My searching has highlighted the significant discrepancies and variability of accessible information depending on country. A massive applause to the Australian National Archive, who have digitised the service records of those RAAF personnel who flew with the Squadron – to a level that is only, it seems, possible to obtain form other nations archives if you are a direct relative.

As I have already asked, please, find the time to contact your nations archives and request your loved ones service records – I have often remarked on the fact that this site is only what it is because of the generous contributions by all of you – this is so much more true in the creation of this new record.

As an aside and as a result of my database noodling, I would also like to know the dates of birth of your relatives. Whilst a small detail perhaps, it allows me vey easily to generate the actually, very poignant in some cases, age of the boys when they arrived at a front line bomber squadron. To this end, dates of passing, post-war would also be most welcomingly received.

In other, but potentially far more exciting news, Chris has begun to dig through the Air Force Museum of New Zealand’s archive and it seems at the moment almost every day is discovering some astonishing documents and records. Some material, is so unique as to have not even thought that it might exist! Having wetted your appetite, I am sure more details and posts will follow!

a thousand thanks for sticking with it!

Simon

For the Fallen – Lest we forget

Poem by Robert Laurence Binyon (1869-1943), published in The Times newspaper on 21 September 1914.

With proud thanksgiving, a mother for her children,
England mourns for her dead across the sea.
Flesh of her flesh they were, spirit of her spirit,
Fallen in the cause of the free.

Solemn the drums thrill: Death august and royal
Sings sorrow up into immortal spheres.
There is music in the midst of desolation
And a glory that shines upon our tears.

They went with songs to the battle, they were young,
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow.
They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted,
They fell with their faces to the foe.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

They mingle not with their laughing comrades again;
They sit no more at familiar tables of home;
They have no lot in our labour of the day-time;
They sleep beyond England’s foam.

But where our desires are and our hopes profound,
Felt as a well-spring that is hidden from sight,
To the innermost heart of their own land they are known
As the stars are known to the Night;

As the stars that shall be bright when we are dust,
Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain,
As the stars that are starry in the time of our darkness,
To the end, to the end, they remain.

Laurence Binyon composed his best known poem while sitting on the cliff-top looking out to sea from the dramatic scenery of the north Cornish coastline. A plaque marks the location at Pentire Point, north of Polzeath. However, there is also a small plaque on the East Cliff north of Portreath, further south on the same north Cornwall coast, which also claims to be the place where the poem was written.

The poem was written in mid September 1914, a few weeks after the outbreak of the First World War. During these weeks the British Expeditionary Force had suffered casualties following its first encounter with the Imperial German Army at the Battle of Mons on 23 August, its rearguard action during the retreat from Mons in late August and the Battle of Le Cateau on 26 August, and its participation with the French Army in holding up the Imperial German Army at the First Battle of the Marne between 5 and 9 September 1914.

Laurence said in 1939 that the four lines of the fourth stanza came to him first. These words of the fourth stanza have become especially familiar and famous, having been adopted by the Royal British Legion as an Exhortation for ceremonies of Remembrance to commemorate fallen Servicemen and women.

Laurence Binyon was too old to enlist in the military forces but he went to work for the Red Cross as a medical orderly in 1916. He lost several close friends and his brother-in-law in the war.

Half a million views!

Half a million views!

I must take this opportunity to let everybody know, that today, 75nzsquadron.com passed the incredible milestone of 500,000 views. This amazing figure has taken almost 7 years to reach, but it has truly been worth the wait, given the amazing journey that many others and I have enjoyed in the mean time.

The growth and success of the blog has really been remarkable – I have said it before – but I certainly never dreamt that it would grow the way it has and been able to engage so many people – as I write, the blog contains 721 posts, is followed across all platforms by 852 people and has been visited over 123,000 times.

The interest in the Squadron seems unabated and it’s my plan to get back to the old days of regular posts – we have a lot of new material in the pipeline which will all be share in due course. We have now complete all the large structural projects, so as new information appears, it can all be added to what is possibly the most detailed record of an RAF Bomber Squadron that exists.

This wonderful event in the site’s history is perhaps a timely point to make another important announcement:

Project ORB is complete!

Five and a half years ago I began the slow transcription of the Squadron’s Form 540 “Operations Carried Out” for the duration of 75(NZ) Squadrons existence. Many have contributed, but special thanks must go to Hubert, David and Brian for their protracted efforts to complete certain years. In recent months I have turned my attention to 1942, and the latter months of 1940 – finally it is finished.

Whilst other Squadrons have already had their diary documents transcribed in whole, this is the first time that it has been achieved for 75(NZ) Squadron – an other first for the site!

I have also added a little navigation to make the reading of the individual months a little easier. Clicking in the “75(NZ) Squadron RAF Records” section in the top menu and then clicking on any specific year will give you a page with links to all months in that particular years (as opposed to holding on a year to get the jump off menu that will take you to a certain month).

In addition, at the foot of each month is a link which will take you automatically to the next month – at December you will progress to the following year.

For ease of entry to the records, please click below to go to the relevant year sets:

1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

Neville Selwood

Flying Officer Wynn Russell (Pilot) RNZAF left and Flying Officer Neville Selwood (Nav) RNZAF with PB418 AA-C. ,br. New Zealand Bomber Command archive/ Neville Selwood.

Kevin has passed on the sad news of the passing of Archdeacon the Venerable Neville Selwood, on the 19th of April, aged 93.

Neville flew with Wynn Russell’s crew as Navigator in 1945. The crew flew 22 Ops with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF, before twice contributing to humanitarian food drops to the Dutch people and 4 flights to repatriate Prisoners of War. His tour with the Squadron concluded with 3 further flights over Germany.

After the War, Neville  was ordained, relatively late in life at the age of 38. He cited a specific experience when flying with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF;

(from The Otago Times)
The catalyst for that move occurred some years before when he was serving with the No 75 Squadron of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and a wing commander and his bomber crew were killed over France.

“Morale had dropped pretty low. But at a briefing, the acting wing commander said: ‘Good luck boys, hope to see you at breakfast, and by the way, the padre is going to be up there with you tonight’.”

“Sure enough there he was with his parachute harness on, and it made me realise here is a fellow who hated what we were required to do, but he put his life on the line to show that he cared for us.”

Deacon Selwood said it took him years to relate that selfless act with those of Jesus, so he decided to become a deacon.

“Looking back it was a big change for my family, as we were used to a sort of lifestyle.””But if you dream to do something, press on with it.”

His first parish was in Balclutha, before he moved with his family and served Northeast Valley and Mornington before his semi-retirement in 1988.

He was involved with parishes in Central Otago before returning to Dunedin 12 years ago, where he has assisted at the Holy Cross parish and at Montecillo Veterans Home “I just take things one day at a time,” he said.

Our condolences to Nevilles family and friends.

AKE AKE KIA KAHA

 

ANZAC Day 2018

Those heroes that shed their blood
And lost their lives.
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies
And the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side
Here in this country of ours.
You, the mothers,
Who sent their sons from far away countries
Wipe away your tears,
Your sons are now lying in our bosom
And are in peace
After having lost their lives on this land they have
Become our sons as well.

 In 1934, Kemal Atatürk delivered these words to the first Australians, New Zealanders and British to visit the Gallipoli battlefields. They were later inscribed on a monolith at Ari Burnu Cemetery (ANZAC Beach) which was unveiled in 1985. The words also appear on the Kemal Atatürk Memorial, Canberra, and the Atatürk Memorial in Wellington.

What follows for this ANZAC Day post is a list of all RNZAF and RAAF airmen who lost their lives flying with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF. They are listed by country and graveyard.

AHE AKE KIA KAHA

UNITED KINGDOM

Brookwood Military Cemetery, Surrey, England.
GUNN, Garth Reginald    MiD Age 26 Squadron Leader  411397  RNZAF 21st September  1944
SIMONSEN, Horace Dean Age 31 Leading Aircraftsman  438024   RNZAF 17th April  1941
Buxton Cemetery, Derbyshire, England.
BEAVEN, James Wilfred Age 31 Sergeant 403566 RNZAF 22nd May 1942
MACKAY, Andrew Donald Age 22 Pilot Officer  411919   RNZAF 22nd May  1942
SMEATON, Wilfred Herbert Age 28 Sergeant  405331   RNZAF 23rd May  1942
Cambridge City Cemetery, Cambridgeshire, England.
BLEWETT, Terence Douglas Age 26 Flight Lieutenant 414376 RNZAF 17th January 1945
BROADY, Raymond Herbert John Age 28 Sergeant 39691 RNZAF 28th November 1942
DOBSON, Peter Gerald    MiD Age 28 Flight Sergeant 439022 RNZAF 8th September 1943
EAST, Patton Mason Age 29 Flight Sergeant 426083 RNZAF 24th October 1943
EMMERSON, Ronald Harry Age 24 Flight Sergeant 410330 RAAF 16th December 1943
HURDLE, Walter Age 28 Flight Sergeant  421279   RNZAF 4th November  1943
JENKIN, Ralph Francis Age 23 Flying Officer  416119   RNZAF 16th December  1943
KINROSS, Colin John Age 30 Pilot Officer  417069   RNZAF 16th December  1943
MENZIES, Ian Robert Age 21 Flying Officer  415002   RNZAF 8th September  1943
PURVES, James John Age 35 Flight Sergeant  422207   RNZAF 25th October  1943
RANDLE, James Robert Age 21 Flight Sergeant  416539   RNZAF 24th October  1943
WILSON, John Stanley Age 34 Flying Officer  426234   RNZAF 17th January  1945

Chevington Cemetery, Northumberland, England.

McISAAC, Alexander Age 24 Sergeant  412891   RNZAF 28th November  1942
Feltwell (St. Nicholas) Churchyard, Norfolk, England.
BENTLEY, Loch Lomond Age 28 Flight Sergeant 403936 RNZAF 23rd December 1941
FOUNTAIN, Cedric Niel Age 23 Pilot Officer  41981   RNZAF 23rd April  1942
GANNAWAY, Eric Francis Age 21 Sergeant  402110   RNZAF 12th May  1941
GRENFELL, Richard John Age 22 Sergeant  404026   RNZAF 29th June  1942
HARRIS, Richard James Age 24 Sergeant  402999   RNZAF 23rd April  1942
JOYCE, David Campbell Age 21 Sergeant  401278   RNZAF 16th July  1941
MITCHELL, Norman Age 25 Sergeant  404084   RNZAF 29th June  1942
NICOL, Trafford McRae Age 21 Pilot Officer  411929   RNZAF 23rd April  1942
RYAN, Alexander James Age 25 Pilot Officer  391367   RNZAF 10th January  1941
WOODHAM, Henry William Age 27 Sergeant  402449   RNZAF 28th February  1942
Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery, Lincolnshire, England.
MEE, Alexander Coutts Age 23 Sergeant  40656   RNZAF 7th May  1941
NOLA, David Leo Age 26 Sergeant  39930   RNZAF 7th May  1941
Ilford (Barkingside) Cemetery, Essex, England.
THORPE, Noel Humphrey Age 21 Flying Officer  428168   RNZAF 26th February  1945
Lakenham (St. John the Baptist and All Saints) Churchyard, Norfolk, England.
HARVEY, Edgar William Age 27 Sergeant  41902   RNZAF 16th December  1942
Newmarket Cemetery, Suffolk, England.
CLUBB, Selwyn James Age 20 Flying Officer 414593 RNZAF 13th May 1943
FRANKLIN, Benjamin Allan Age 21 Sergeant  414277   RNZAF 16th December  1942
HARVEY, Robert Frederick Age 23 Sergeant  416483   RNZAF 13th May  1943
JOHNSTON, John Age 28 Flying Officer  416198   RNZAF 13th May  1943
WALSH, John Arthur Ernest Age 27 Warrant Officer  401294   RNZAF 9th April  1943
WELCH, Harold Rangi Age 23 Sergeant  41709   RNZAF 16th December  1942
WHITCOMBE, William Henry Age 32 Sergeant  41561   RNZAF 16th December  1942
Runnymede Memorial, Surrey, England.
AITCHISON, Richard Justin Age 28 Pilot Officer 429286 RNZAF 1st January 1945
BABER, Thomas James Edward    MiD Czech Medal for Bravery Age 23 Flight Lieutenant 39857  RNZAF 12th March 1942
BAGNALL, Trevor Horace Age 26 Warrant Officer 40640 RNZAF 17th December 1942
BAKER, James Guthrie Age 27 Flight Sergeant 41142 RNZAF 1st September 1943
BARTON, Arthur James Douglas Age 23 Flight Sergeant 413700 RNZAF 5th February 1943
BENTLEY, Robert Henry Waldron Age 23 Pilot Officer 414580 RNZAF 5th May 1943
BOSWELL, John McLaren Age 26 Sergeant 414491 RNZAF 5th May 1943
BRADEY, George Edward Francis Age 25 Pilot Officer 401954 RNZAF 11th August 1942
BRAILEY, Clifton Robert Age 23 Sergeant 404589 RNZAF 21st June 1942
BRIAN, William Leslie Fred Age 23 Flight Sergeant 411737 RNZAF 28th April 1943
BRIDGMAN, Arthur Mervyn Age 26 Pilot Officer 41866 RNZAF 3rd March 1943
BROUN, Alan Stewart Age 32 Pilot Officer 405367 RNZAF 9th July 1942
BROWN, Russell Howard Age 24 Flight Sergeant 425444 RNZAF 22nd May 1944
BRUHNS, Harold Henry Age 22 Pilot Officer 42367 RNZAF 24th February 1944
BRYSON, Norman Albert Age 26 Flight Sergeant 40859 RNZAF 26th July 1942
BUCKLEY, Ross Cameron Age 29 Flight Sergeant 411206 RNZAF 28th April 1943
BURTON, Clarence Sydney Age 22 Sergeant 414493 RNZAF 3rd March 1943
BUTLER, Laurie Licence Age 22 Flight Sergeant 421672 RNZAF 24th February 1944
CAIRNS, Louvain Trevor Age 25 Flight Sergeant 402437 RNZAF 26th July 1942
CHAMBERLAIN, Lloyd Montgomery Age 28 Flight Sergeant 40914 RNZAF 12th March 1942
COLLINS, John Noel Age 23 Flight Lieutenant 2513 RNZAF 21st May 1940
COPPERSMITH, Raymond Patrick Age 21 Sergeant 391697 RNZAF 26th July 1942
CORIN, Henry George Age 34 Sergeant 417269 RNZAF 28th April 1943
CUMPSTY, Frederick William Raukawa Age 25 Pilot Officer 413386 RNZAF 31st July 1943
DANCE, Alfred Thomas Age 25 Flying Officer 42495 RNZAF 4th November 1943
DARNEY, Jack Neville Age 22 Flight Sergeant 42376 RNZAF 31st July 1943
DARTON, Thomas William Age 22 Flight Sergeant 416465 RNZAF 26th May 1943
DAVIDSON, Neil Douglas Age 21 Pilot Officer 422057 RNZAF 21st July 1944
DROMGOOLE, Sydney Houston Age 28 Flight Sergeant 402171 RNZAF 22nd April 1942
DUNKERLEY, Allan Roy Frank Age 33 Pilot Officer 423083 RAAF 21st November 1944
DYER, Sydney Allan Age 19 Sergeant 40101 RNZAF 16th July 1941
EARLE, John Age 29 Pilot Officer 401756 RNZAF 12th March 1942
ELLIOT, Thomas Isaac Age 24 Flying Officer 421364 RNZAF 21st November 1944
FALCONER, Arthur James Age 23 Pilot Officer  39910   RNZAF 21st February  1941
FALKINER, Philip Age 21 Flight Sergeant  425140   RNZAF 30th July  1944
FAWCETT, Arnold Goodrick Age 31 Flight Sergeant  422698   RNZAF 4th November  1943
FERGUSSON, Allister Archibald Age 22 Flight Sergeant  425391   RNZAF 22nd May  1944
FINLAYSON, William John Age 23 Pilot Officer  39911   RNZAF 24th October  1940
FITZGERALD, John Age 23 Flight Sergeant  424777   RNZAF 30th August  1944
FREEMAN, Patrick Paul Deane Age 22 Sergeant  413305   RNZAF 5th February  1943
GAVEGAN, Jack Ralph Age 30 Pilot Officer  402128   RNZAF 9th July  1942
GOING, Raymond Cyril Age 21 Sergeant  414278   RNZAF 3rd March  1943
GOULD, James Douglas Age 21 Sergeant  411233   RNZAF 11th July  1942
GREEN, Cyril Vincent Age 21 Flight Sergeant  402997   RNZAF 11th August  1942
GREENING, Joseph Wesley Age 27 Pilot Officer  40022   RAAF 3rd July  1941
HADFIELD, Graham Stanley Age 23 Flight Sergeant  426239   RNZAF 14th March  1944
HALLIBURTON, Keith Age 23 Sergeant  415411   RNZAF 28th April  1943
HARE, Philip Edgar Age 19 Sergeant  401227   RNZAF 16th July  1941
HARRISON-SMITH, Francis Charles Age 20 Flight Sergeant  403959   RNZAF 30th November 1941
HARTSTONE, Roydon Horatio Age 29 Sergeant  40211   RNZAF 3rd July  1941
HIGGINS, Eric Vincent Keiran Age 27 Sergeant  400277   RAAF 16th July  1941
HIRST, Raymond John Finlay Age 22 Sergeant  404067   RNZAF 11th July  1942
HOWELL, Alexander Clunie Age 22 Sergeant  392104   RNZAF 28th April  1943
HOWES, Victor Charles Age 20 Sergeant  413418   RNZAF 28th April  1943
HUNTER, Patrick Torre Age 29 Sergeant  42297   RNZAF 28th April  1943
INNES, Owen Alfred Age 22 Sergeant  421935   RNZAF 30th May  1943
JONES, Roy King Age 26 Flying Officer  425611   RNZAF 21st July  1944
JUDD, Douglas Howard Age 26 Sergeant  413336   RNZAF 10th September  1942
KAY, Alan Lister Age 35 Flight Sergeant  42299   RNZAF 22nd May  1944
KELLY, Reginald Joseph Stephen Age 24 Sergeant  403580   RNZAF 22nd April  1942
KILBY, William Adam Age 40 Flight Sergeant  415261   RNZAF 1st September  1943
KNIGHT, Leon Gaston Age 22 Sergeant  405494   RNZAF 9th June  1942
LAMB, Erwin Henry Reubin Age 29 Sergeant  413709   RNZAF 5th May  1943
LEWIS, Alfred Edward Age 25 Flight Sergeant  412458   RAAF 28th April  1943
LODGE, Tom Age 35 Flying Officer  417284   RNZAF 4th November  1943
LOVELOCK, James Benjamin Age 26 Flying Officer  416324   RNZAF 1st September  1943
MacKAY, Kenneth McIndoe Age 27 Pilot Officer  421829   RNZAF 21st July  1944
MacKINNON, Douglas Malcolm Age 20 Sergeant  40923   RNZAF 16th July 1941
MAHOOD, Thomas Stanley Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404916   RNZAF 22nd April  1942
MARTYN, Leslie Arthur Age 35 Flight Lieutenant  417082   RNZAF 21st November  1944
MASON, Frederick David Age 21 Sergeant  1230433   RAFVR 16th August  1943
MAYO, John Russell Age 21 Flight Sergeant  417085   RNZAF 7th August  1943
McGREGOR, Keith Alexander Age 21 Flight Sergeant  415770   RNZAF 1st September  1943
McKENZIE, Frank Edwin Age 22 Sergeant  391085   RNZAF 9th July  1942
McMAHON, Henry Thomas Owen Age 27 Sergeant  403019   RNZAF 22nd April  1942
McPHERSON, Colin Valentine Age 21 Flight Sergeant  404912   RNZAF 26th July  1942
MONK, Walter Jack Age 24 Pilot Officer  411432   RNZAF 30th June  1942
MOORE, Cyril James Age 25 Sergeant  410555   RAAF 6th July  1943
MUIR, Anthony Vincent Age 29 Pilot Officer  40195   RNZAF 21st February  1941
NAIRNE, Colin George Age 22 Pilot Officer  42117   RNZAF 30th July  1944
NATION, John Ross Age 22 Sergeant  40945   RNZAF 3rd July  1941
NEWTON, Raymond John   DFC MiD Age 28 Wing Commander  40984   RNZAF 1st January  1945
OAKEY, Arthur Leslie Archibald Age 33 Flight Sergeant  4213810   RNZAF 21st March  1945
PARTON, William James Age 20 Pilot Officer  41932   RNZAF 12th March  1942
PERRY, Lyndon Clifford Age 21 Pilot Officer  428925   RNZAF 30th July  1944
POTTS, Donald Norman Age 25 Pilot Officer  412267   RNZAF 9th July  1942
PRICE, Henry John Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404095   RNZAF 12th March  1942
QUINN, Eric James Age 20 Flight Sergeant  4210077   RNZAF 21st July  1944
REDDING, Randolph Ernest Age 30 Sergeant  414678   RNZAF 5th February  1943
REID, Ian Laurie Age 23 Sergeant  391846   RNZAF 3rd July  1941
RICHARDS, James Leonard Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404946   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
RIDDLE, Charles Hudson Age 21 Flying Officer  41190   RNZAF 30th May  1943
RIORDAN, John Milton Patrick Age 32 Sergeant  422668   RNZAF 26th May  1943
ROSS, Desmond Ray Age 23 Sergeant  411451   RNZAF 28th April  1943
ROSS, Stanley David Age 25 Flight Sergeant  41359   RNZAF 26th July  1942
ROWBERRY, Geoffrey Warren Age 24 Pilot Officer  414567   RNZAF 14th March  1944
SHALFOON, Charles John Age 22 Sergeant  413897   RNZAF 11th October  1942
SMART, Randolph Cruickshank Age 25 Pilot Officer  411006   RNZAF 10th September  1942
SPITTAL, Phillip Charles Age 26 Pilot Officer  404420   RNZAF 26th July  1942
ST.LEDGER, Peter Sylvestor Anthony Age 21 Flying Officer 4 25375   RAAF 30th July  1943
STONE, Robert James Age 20 Flight Sergeant  415383   RNZAF 31st July  1943
STREETER, Donald Frederick Age 24 Sergeant  401033   RNZAF 24th July  1941
THOMAS, Raymond Age 22 Flight Sergeant  40586   RNZAF 6th July  1943
THOMSON, Jack Age 26 Flight Sergeant  421145   RNZAF 3rd August  1943
TONG, Harold Age 34 Flying Officer  416648   RNZAF 30th May  1943
TURNBULL, John George Age 33 Flying Officer  42490   RNZAF 16th August  1943
TURNER, William Age 22 Flying Officer  416579   RNZAF 3rd August  1943
TWEEDIE, Norman Age 25 Sergeant  402474   RAAF 12th September  1941
VERCOE, Terrance James Age 27 Flight Sergeant  415566   RNZAF 31st July  1943
VERNAZONI, Richard Barry Age 20 Flying Officer 416185   RNZAF 30th May  1943
WALKER, Graham Stuart Age 25 Sergeant  401817   RNZAF 24th July  1941
WATSON, Walter Davis Age 30 Flight Sergeant  428918   RNZAF 30th August  1944
WESTWOOD, Reginald Francis Age 20 Pilot Officer  416471   RAAF 5th May  1943
WHITELAW, Clifford James Age 22 Flight Sergeant  416188   RNZAF 25th June  1943
WILLIS, William Jarvis Age 33 Pilot Officer 421803   RNZAF 22nd May  1944
WILMSHURST, John Charles Age 25 Sergeant  411962   RNZAF 11th July  1942
WILSON, Norman Clarence Bruce Age 23 Flying Officer  417139   RNZAF 4th November  1943
WOODCOCK, Roy Joffre Desmond Age 26 Sergeant  404985   RNZAF 12th March  1942
WORTH, Jim Age 24 Flight Sergeant  425510   RNZAF 21st July  1944
WRIGHTSON, Cyril Charles Age 22 Sergeant  411998   RNZAF 22nd April  1942

Belgium

Adegem Canadian War Cemetery, Belgium.
ANDERSON, Lindsay Douglas Age 20 Sergeant 391321 RNZAF 20th September 1940
Chiervres Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
KELL, William Robert Age 23 Pilot Officer 411766 RNZAF 19th November  1943
MYERS, John William Anthony Age 25 Flight Lieutenant 405801 RNZAF 19th July  1944
Florennes Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
GRAINGER, James Kennedy Age 21 Pilot Officer  42295   RNZAF 15th April  1943
McCASKILL, Donald Gordon Age 19 Pilot Officer  413573   RNZAF 15th April  1943
SMITH, Ronald Alexander Age 21 Sergeant 415378   RNZAF 15th April  1943
Heverlee War Cemetery, Belgium.
BURKE, Edgar Lawrence Age 26 Pilot Officer 417016 RNZAF 23rd May 1944
PAGE, Frank Albert Age 29 Warrant Officer  409481   RAAF 23rd May  1944
PARKIN, Victor Trevor Age 21 Flight Sergeant  421090   RNZAF 31st August  1943
WATTERS, Terrence Age 21 Flight Sergeant  417299   RNZAF 31st August  1943
Hoton War Cemetery, Belgium.
ELVIN, William Age 21 Pilot Officer 426883 RNZAF 12th August 1944
JOHNSTON, Haig Douglas Age 27 Flight Sergeant  426320   RNZAF 12th August  1944
MULCAHY, Cyril Desmond Age 21 Pilot Officer  428793   RNZAF 12th August  1944
PARKER, Robert Ronald Smithie Age 20 Sergeant  1892552   RAFVR 12th August 1944
THOMSON, Edward Leonard Age 20 Flight Sergeant  4211036   RNZAF 12th August  1944
WRIGHT, John Herbert Age 26 Flight Sergeant  426209   RNZAF 12th August  1944
Ostende New Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
COATES, Dudley Dobson Age 33 Sergeant 421318 RNZAF 26th May 1943
Werken Churchyard, Belgium.
ROBERTS, James Age 20 Sergeant  400310   RAAF 22nd October  1941
SPARK, Frederick Alexander Age 26 Sergeant  401415   RNZAF 22nd October  1941
Wevelgem Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
FAUVEL, Spencer Francis Age 21 Flight Lieutenant  414971   RNZAF 28th May  1944
GOWER, Kenneth Wilfred Age 28 Flight Sergeant  421272   RNZAF 28th May  1944
LUKEY, Francis Henry Clark Age 23 Flying Officer  42990   RNZAF 28th May  1944
MASON, James Rooker Age 27 Flight Sergeant  421307   RNZAF 28th May  1944

DENMARK

Aabenraa Cemetery, Denmark.
BAILEY, Robert Age 20 Flight Sergeant 429072 RNZAF 23rd April 1944
LAMMAS, Mauson Age 30 Pilot Officer  421728   RNZAF 23rd April  1944
SAWTELL, Arthur Hartley Age 19 Flight Sergeant  417521   RAAF 24th February  1944
VAUGHAN, Douglas William Age 28 Flight Sergeant  429046   RNZAF 23rd April  1944
Esbjerg (Fourfelt) Cemetery, Denmark.
COBB, Cyril Thomas Age 30 Flight Sergeant 412315 RNZAF 21st April 1943
EARLE, Frederick Joseph Age 22 Sergeant    1332585     RAFVR 21st April 1943
SALT, Ian Charles Age 20 Flight Sergeant  404046   RNZAF 21st April  1943
TOLLEY, Alan Gray Age 21 Pilot Officer  411954   RNZAF 21st April  1943
UPTON, Frank Wakefield Age 28 Flight Sergeant  404430   RNZAF 21st April  1943
Frederikshavn Cemetery, Denmark.
CRAWFORD-WATSON, Lewis Stanley Age 21 Flight Sergeant 42734 RNZAF 4th November 1943
IMRIE, George Burns Age 22 Flight Sergeant  422676   RNZAF 4th November  1943
JAMES, Charles James Age 34 Flight Sergeant  426333   RNZAF 4th November  1943
MASTERS, William Stuart Age 21 Pilot Officer  421077   RNZAF 4th November  1943
Gram Churchyard, Denmark.
MURRY, Henry James Age 26 Flying Officer  415820   RNZAF 19th April  1944
Orslev Churchyard, Denmark.
BIGGAR, John Matthew Age 22 Flight Sergeant 427945 RNZAF 12th September 1944
HADLEY, William Orchard Age 30 Flying Officer 426041   RNZAF 12th September  1944
Svino Churchyard, Denmark
BOYD, William James Victor Age 20 Flight Sergeant 428303 RNZAF 12th September 1944
GILES, John Patrick Arthur Age 21 Flight Sergeant  425836   RNZAF 12th September  1944
GUDGEON, John Bernard Age 23 Pilot Officer  428786   RNZAF 12th September  1944
JENKINS, Ernest Roy Age 25 Warrant Officer  405780   RNZAF 29th April  1943
SHOGREN, Malcolm Edward John Age 29 Sergeant  415375   RNZAF 28th April  1943
THOMPSON, Desmond Lewis Age 21 Pilot Officer  413152   RNZAF 29th April  1943
WILLIAMS, John Muir Age 23 Flight Sergeant  401341   RAAF 29th April  1943

FRANCE

Bayeux War Cemetery, France.
BONISCH, Lester Lascelles Age 21 Pilot Officer 422098 RNZAF 11th June 1944
McKENZIE, James Murdoch Thomas Age 27 Flight Sergeant  427217   RNZAF 11th June  1944
MILLER, James Stuart Age 33 Flight Sergeant  427220   RNZAF 11th June  1944
Chateau-Voue Communal Cemetery, France.
McRAE, James Kenneth Age 27 Flying Officer  415216   RNZAF 25th July  1944
POTTS, Thomas Christopher Age 27 Flight Sergeant  421143   RNZAF 25th July  1944
Choloy War Cemetery, France.
GROVES, Kelvin Havelock Green Age 30 Pilot Officer  415819   RNZAF 17th April  1943
STONE, Ronald Charles Age 26 Sergeant  413281   RNZAF 17th April 1943
Clermont-Ferrand (Des Carmes Dechaux) Communal Cemetery, France.
HENDERSON, Hugh William Age 24 Flying Officer  421713   RNZAF 5th March  1944
JONES, Arthur Stanley Age 28 Flight Sergeant  421977   RNZAF 5th March  1944
MELVILLE, Robert James Ian Age 26 Flight Sergeant  42349   RNZAF 5th March  1944
WATSON, Raymond Johnson   DFC Age 27 Squadron Leader  404978 RNZAF 5th March  1944
Cronenbourg French National (Mixed) Cemetery, Strasbourg, France.
DUDDING, Keat Age 25 Warrant Officer 415522 RNZAF 25th July    1944
TAVERNER, George Alfred Badge Age 21 Flight Sergeant  429835   RAAF 25th July  1944
WHITEHOUSE, Keith Owen Age 23 Flying Officer  428800   RNZAF 25th July  1944
Fruges Communal Cemetery, France.
BATESON, Benjamin William Age 22 Flight Sergeant 424788 RNZAF 25th June 1944
MILNE, Bruce Age 21 Flight Sergeant  428017   RNZAF 25th June  1944
Guidel Communal Cemetery, France.
HARDING-SMITH, Dudley Age 24 Pilot Officer  405265   RNZAF 13th February  1943
Millery Communal Cemetery, France.
BLANCE, Ian Edward Age 21 Pilot Officer 421496 RNZAF 29th July 1944
CLIMO, Frederick Walter Percival Age 22 Flight Sergeant 4310148 RNZAF 29th July 1944
JENKINS, Frederick Francis Arthur Age 30 Flight Sergeant  429888   RNZAF 29th July  1944
Olonne-Sur-Mer Communal Cemetery, France.
WHITTA, Neville Bruce Age 20 Flight Sergeant  416566   RNZAF 16th August  1943
Poix-de-la-Somme Churchyard, France.
MACKENZIE, Douglas John Age 27 Flight Sergeant  417211   RAAF 2nd May  1944
PEEVERS, Thomas Alexander Age 29 Flight Sergeant  417232   RNZAF 2nd May  1944
SACHTLER, Euen William Age 24 Squadron Leader  41362   RNZAF 2nd May  1944
Rieux Communal Cemetery, France.
BETLEY, Ronald Desmond Ernest Age 22 Flight Sergeant 421495 RNZAF 16th June 1944
COOK, Peter Jackson Age 21 Flight Sergeant 42708 RNZAF 16th June 1944
HALE, Lawrence Eastmure Age 26 Flight Sergeant  42395   RNZAF 16th June  1944
TOOHEY, Edward Wallace Age 22 Warrant Officer 416672   RNZAF 16th June  1944
Therouldeville Churchyard, France.
RITCHIE, Alfred Henry Age 22 Sergeant  40207   RNZAF 22nd December  1940
Tillieres-Sur-Avre Communal Cemetery, France.
DONAGHY, Thomas Rodgers Age 33 Flight Sergeant 422267 RNZAF 11th June    1944
Valenciennes (St Roch) Communal Cemetery, France.
DIMOCK, Vallance Albert Oliver Age 22 Sergeant     412317    RNZAF 25th October 1942
McCONNELL, James Allison Age 21 Sergeant  414646   RNZAF 25th October  1942
SMITH, Selwyn Clarence Age 29 Sergeant  41952   RNZAF 25th October  1942
TONKIN, Douglas Noel Age 22 Sergeant  413285   RNZAF 25th October  1942
Ville-Sur-Retourne Churchyard, France.
HUGHILL, Howard James Age 21 Sergeant  414293   RNZAF 25th October  1942
Yevres Communal Cemetery, France.
STOKES, Noel Alfred Deal Age 25 Flight Lieutenant  421403   RNZAF 29th July  1944

GERMANY

Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery, Germany.
ERIKSON, Mervyn Arthur Age 26 Pilot Officer 416103 RNZAF 24th August 1943
FISK, Joseph George Arkless Age 28 Flight Sergeant  412874   RNZAF 1st September  1943
HELM, George Vincent Age 23 Pilot Officer  416113   RNZAF 1st September  1943
HOPE, Lawrence Beresford Hamilton Age 28 Warrant Officer  40940   RNZAF 19th April  1945
LUNDON, Francis Patrick Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404718   RNZAF 24th August  1943
MOSS, Douglas Hamilton Age 23 Pilot Officer  404653   RNZAF 24th August  1943
SEDUNARY, Alan Joseph Lyall   DFC Age 20 Pilot Officer  416619    RAAF 24th August  1943
STEWART, Donald MacKay Age 29 Flight Sergeant 421336  RNZAF 1st September 1943
THIRD, James Age 34 Pilot Officer  422671   RNZAF 24th August  1943
THORSTENSEN, Frederick William Age 26 Flight Sergeant  414529   RNZAF 24th August  1943
WOOLCOTT, Douglas George Age 23 Sergeant  1290189   RAFVR 24th August  1943
Becklingen War Cemetery, Germany
BRISCO, Robert Hylton Age 26 Sergeant 411204 RNZAF 29th July 1942
CAITCHEON, Gordon Edwin Age 28 Sergeant 404016 RNZAF 29th July 1942
CAMPBELL, Alan Age 22 Flight Sergeant 391857 RNZAF 29th July 1942
CARNCROSS, Murray Ellis Age 19 Pilot Officer 411718 RNZAF 29th July 1942
DAVIS, Ronald Fraser Age 22 Flight Sergeant 403569 RNZAF 29th July 1942
HUTT, George Alister Age 25 Flight Sergeant  41914   RNZAF 29th July 1942
McMURCHY, James Gordon Age 31 Sergeant  405539   RNZAF 29th July 1942
O’SHEA, William Clerken Age 28 Sergeant  411096   RNZAF 29th July 1942
SAVAGE, John Henry Age 33 Sergeant  404620   RNZAF 29th July 1942
STEWART, Ian Gordon Age 20 Sergeant  404623   RNZAF 29th July 1942
SUTHERLAND, Alexander George Age 23 Flight Sergeant  405340   RNZAF 29th July 1942
TABOR, Adrian Oscar Age 25 Sergeant  411104   RNZAF 29th July 1942
WESTERMAN, Victor Kenneth Age 24 Flight Sergeant  41970   RNZAF 29th July 1942
WILSON, Peter John Age 22 Flight Lieutenant  402475   RNZAF 29th July 1942
Hamburg War Cemetery, Germany.
CORLETT, Geoffrey Scott Age 20 Flight Sergeant 42289 RNZAF 3rd August 1943
COUPER, James Arthur Age 31 Flight Sergeant 417027 RNZAF 3rd August 1943
CRARER, Thomas Eric Age 21 Sergeant 405475 RNZAF 29th July 1942
HAWKINS, Anthony Henry Ryder Age 20 Sergeant  40971   RNZAF 15th September  1941
REEVES, Sydney Cecil Oliver Age 21 Flight Sergeant  42339   RNZAF 3rd August  1943
WARD, James Allen   VC Age 22 Sergeant  401793   RNZAF 15th September  1941
Hanover War Cemetery, Germany.
ADAMSON, David Maurice Age 27 Flying Officer 41052 RNZAF 28th September 1943
DALZELL, Errol Thomas Paterson Age 22 Pilot Officer 411378 RNZAF 28th August 1942
HAUB, Darcy Leslie Conrad Age 23 Flight Sergeant  42326   RNZAF 31st August 1943
HOGAN, Denis Patrick Age 23 Sergeant  412331   RNZAF 28th August  1942
JACKSON, Kensington Campbell Age 23 Flight Sergeant  42330   RNZAF 31st August  1943
RIDDLER, Stanley Winston Age 22 Sergeant  424999   RNZAF 3rd October  1943
ROBERTS, Eric John Age 25 Flight Sergeant  417107   RNZAF 31st August  1943
TUNBRIDGE, Victor Arthur Age 28 Sergeant  411788   RNZAF 28th August  1942
WAEREA, Tame Hawaikirangi Age 29 Pilot Officer  421300   RNZAF 28th September  1943
WHITMORE, Richard Charles Age 22 Pilot Officer  421123   RNZAF 28th September  1943
Kiel War Cemetery, Germany.
AITCHISON, Campbell Ewen Justin Age 22 Flight Sergeant 402974 RNZAF 12th March 1942
BELL, Maurice Perrott Age 26 Pilot Officer 404882 RNZAF 29th March 1942
BROWN, John Lukies Age 22 Flight Sergeant 402534 RNZAF 12th March 1942
CRAN, Franklyn Bertram Age 21 Sergeant 405237 RNZAF 29th March 1942
FIRTH, Ellison George Age 19 Sergeant  412218   RNZAF 13th October  1942
FRASER, Myles Frederick Gordon Age 22 Flight Sergeant  403437   RNZAF 16th May  1942
HARRIS, Claude Joseph Age 31 Sergeant  404028   RNZAF 29th March  1942
McDONALD, Murray Alexander Age 23 Sergeant  400352   RAAF 12th March  1942
PARKINSON, Lewis Harry Age 20 Sergeant  412518   RNZAF 13th October  1942
SMITH, Albert Ivan Age 27 Flight Sergeant  402221   RNZAF 16th May  1942
WATTERS, Ventry Age 22 Sergeant  413522   RNZAF 13th October  1942
WHITING, Norman Edward Age 27 Sergeant  404107   RNZAF 16th May  1942
Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany.
ANDERSON, Ronald Alexander John Age 26 Flight Sergeant 36139 RNZAF 20th July 1940
BARCLAY, Thomas Smith Age 22 Flight Sergeant 411358 RNZAF 12th August 1942
BISSET, Stuart Richard Age 20 Flight Sergeant 415738 RNZAF 23rd June 1943
BLANK, John Frederick Age 20 Flight Sergeant 422175 RNZAF 23rd June 1943
BOAG, Robert James Age 24 Flight Sergeant 432097 RAAF 30th November 1944
BROWN, Alfred Errol Age 25 Flying Officer 429139 RNZAF 21st March 1945
COLES, Thomas Edward Age 28 Sergeant 40161 RNZAF 7th September 1942
COWIE, James Lindis Age 22 Flight Sergeant 42322 RNZAF 22nd November 1943
FRAMPTON, Laurie Albert Age 20 Sergeant  411753   RNZAF 29th July  1942
GIBSON, John Cuthbert McKechnie Age 29 Sergeant  40435 2  RNZAF 7th November  1941
GRIMES, Harold Dawson Age 26 Sergeant  404532   RAAF 15th October  1941
HAZARD, Whelan Fallon Age 20 Flying Officer  429047   RNZAF 12th August  1944
HOLLOWAY, Edgar John Age 29 Flying Officer  429923   RNZAF 21st March  1945
INGLIS, William Gordon Lloyd Age 27 Sergeant  411758   RNZAF 12th August  1942
JARVIS, Claude Joseph Frederick Age 22 Sergeant  411722   RNZAF 7th September  1942
JOHNS, Arthur Grahame Age 20 Flight Sergeant  41907   RNZAF 29th July  1942
KAVANAGH, Stanley Leo Age 24 Warrant Officer  403579   RNZAF 30th May  1943
KRALJEVICH, Mark Age 25 Sergeant  403458   RNZAF 29th July  1942
MACKENZIE, Stanley Henry Age 23 Flying Officer  422418   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
MacPHAIL, Allan Corson Anderson Age 30 Sergeant  41194   RNZAF 30th May  1943
MARSHALL, Eric William Elliott Age 31 Flight Sergeant  415637   RNZAF 23rd May  1944
McCARTIN, Patrick Leo Age 28 Flying Officer  419328   RAAF 20th November  1944
McINTOSH, James Alexander Age 26 Flying Officer  411915   RNZAF 30th November  1944
McWILLIAM, Allan Age 20 Sergeant  416586   RNZAF 30th May  1943
MILLS, George William Age 27 Pilot Officer  411769   RNZAF 7th September  1942
MORGAN, Robert Carhampton Age 26 Flight Sergeant  421389   RNZAF 30th November  1944
NEWMAN, Robert Wynne Age 29 Flight Sergeant  4210960   RNZAF 30th November  1944
NORMAN, Raymond Fraser Age 23 Flight Sergeant  416145   RNZAF 30th May  1943
OWEN, John Lewis Age 24 Sergeant  391332   RNZAF 20th July  1940
PAYNE, Douglas Beardsley Age 22 Flight Sergeant  426917   RNZAF 23rd May  1944
PLUMMER, Jack    DFC Age 29 Flight Lieutenant  42451   RNZAF 21st March  1945
RAMSAY, William Robertson Age 25 Sergeant  405508   RNZAF 9th June  1942
ROBERTSON, Trevor Bernard Age 26 Pilot Officer  404948   RNZAF 15th October  1941
SAMSON, George King Age 27 Flight Sergeant  402563   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
SAUL, Norman Priestley Age 30 Sergeant  411730   RNZAF 7th September  1942
SCOTT, Russell James Age 23 Flying Officer  428984   RNZAF 21st March  1945
SHARMAN, George William Age 27 Sergeant  412746   RNZAF 7th September  1942
SMITH, Rupert John Age 26 Pilot Officer  41950   RNZAF 9th June 1942
STEWART, Leslie Ian Age 25 Sergeant  41178 5  RNZAF 29th July  1942
THORNLEY, Sydney Russell Age 25 Flight Sergeant  40109   RNZAF 30th May  1943
TURNER, John Cecil Age 21 Flight Sergeant  421115   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
WARRING, Robert John Age 21 Sergeant  411110   RNZAF 12th August  1942
WOOD, James Haswell Age 29 Flight Sergeant  425811   RNZAF 21st March  1945
Rheinberg War Cemetery, Germany.
ANDERSEN, Kenneth Peder Christian Age 28 Flight Sergeant 429128 RNZAF 4th November 1944
ASHWIN, Eric Lumley Durham Age 22 Sergeant 41563 RNZAF 17th December 1942
BENNETT, Raymond Frederick Age 29 Pilot Officer 415282 RNZAF 30th May 1943
BERNARD, Arthur George Age 22 Flight Sergeant 424964 RNZAF 22nd November1943
BUDGE, William Finlay Age 24 Pilot Officer 41977 RNZAF 6th April 1942
CAREY, John Henry Roy Age 27 Flight Sergeant 414242 RNZAF 30th May 1943
CLARK, Mervyn Oliver Age 20 Pilot Officer 404895 RNZAF 17th December 1942
COOMBRIDGE, Trevor Walter Age 21 Flight Sergeant 42653 RNZAF 27th December 1944
CURLEWIS, Raymond Fullerton Age 25 Sergeant 402230 RAAF 11th October 1941
DALE, James Atkinson Age 27 Flying Officer 425562 RNZAF 25th August 1944
DEBENHAM, Kevin Frederick Age 26 Pilot Officer 412211 RNZAF 16th April 1943
DEVLIN, Kevin John Age 26 Pilot Officer 413334 RNZAF 11th September 1942
FLEMING, James Allan Age 27 Flying Officer  422382   RNZAF 25th August  1944
GALLETLY, Alan Russell Age 33 Pilot Officer  427481   RNZAF 5th October  1944
HASELDEN, Howard Clive McLeish Age 22 Sergeant  403003   RNZAF 18th September  1941
HENLEY, Douglas Charles   MiD Age 23 Pilot Officer  414622   RNZAF 1st September  1943
HOWARD, Edward John Francis Age 24 Flight Sergeant  424469   RNZAF 4th November  1944
HOWLETT, Arthur Douglas Age 32 Flying Officer  413335   RNZAF 23rd September  1943
JACOBSON, Gerald Howard Age 27 Flying Officer  41333   RNZAF 17th December  1942
JARVIS, William Louis Age 25 Flight Sergeant  414691   RAAF 23rd September  1943
KELCHER, Walter Foch Age 23 Sergeant  411908   RNZAF 11th September  1942
KENDAL, Christopher James Age 21 Sergeant  412342   RNZAF 17th December  1942
KIRKPATRICK, Laurence John Age 20 Flying Officer  414990   RNZAF 23rd September  1943
MacLEOD, Norman Alexander Age 26 Flight Sergeant  404079   RNZAF 30th May  1943
MARGETTS, John Edward Stanley Age 25 Flight Sergeant  422665   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
McALPINE, Walter Duncan Age 30 Pilot Officer  403551   RNZAF 17th December  1942
METCALFE, Thomas Otto Age 19 Sergeant  414386   RNZAF 11th September  1942
MILES, Haddon Shaw Age 27 Flying Officer  421746   RNZAF 27th December 1 944
MOSLEY, Stuart Edwin Age 29 Flight Sergeant  426106   RNZAF 5th October  1944
MURPHY, Timothy Rowley Age 20 Sergeant  404037   RNZAF 11th October  1941
PULLAR, Henry Welsh Age 25 Sergeant  411777   RNZAF 17th December  1942
SANDS, Hugh Powell Age 26 Flying Officer  403287   RNZAF 23rd September  1943
SCOTT, Alexander Age 20 Sergeant  413484   RNZAF 3rd December  1942
SCOTT, Alistair Henry Age 27 Flight Sergeant  428259   RNZAF 4th November  1944
SCOTT, John Harold Age 29 Flying Officer  428797   RNZAF 4th November  1944
SINGLE, Alan Roy Age 26 Flight Sergeant  413144   RAAF 22nd November  1943
SMITH, Ian Hector Ross Age 34 Flight  Sergeant  421614   RNZAF 1st September  1943
SMITH, Phillip Francis Age 20 Flight Sergeant  427206   RAAF 20th November  1944
SOUTHWARD, Keith Age 28 Flying Officer  411048   RNZAF 6th October  1944
STOKES, Wallace Frederick Age 27 Sergeant  412326   RNZAF 17th December  1942
THOMPSON, Colin Maurice Age 23 Sergeant  404427   RNZAF 11th October  1941
WALSHE, Desmond James Age 25 Sergeant  412912   RNZAF 11th September  1942
WATSON, Clifford Arnold Age 34 Flying Officer  421946   RNZAF 1st September  1943
WELSH, Neville Henry Age 20 Flight Sergeant  391334   RNZAF 15th October  1941
WHITE, William George Henry Age 27 Sergeant  41717   RNZAF 17th December  1942
WHITTINGTON, Eric Richmond Age 22 Flight Sergeant  416030   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
WILKINSON, Ernest Stanley Age 25 Pilot Officer  417138   RNZAF 6th September  1943
WOOD, Frederick Lionel Roy Age 23 Sergeant  404439   RNZAF 15th October  1941
Sage War Cemetery, Germany.
BRODIE, Andrew Moore Age 25 Sergeant 391378 RNZAF 21st February 1941
BUCKLEY, Wallace Edward Age 28 Pilot Officer 391379 RNZAF 21st June 1942
GILL, John Trevor Vivian Age 27 Sergeant  403362   RNZAF 4th September  1942
GRANT, Horace Llewellyn Age 27 Sergeant  405254   RNZAF 4th September  1942
LEES, Reginald Sidney Age 26 Pilot Officer  404907   RNZAF 27th July 1942
LOWTHER, Peter Desmond Age 22 Flight Sergeant  403583   RNZAF 11th July  1942
NEWMAN, Richard Alfred William Age 24 Sergeant  405309   RNZAF 4th September  1942
RENTON, Rupert Ernest Age 22 Sergeant  412352   RNZAF 4th September  1942
ROBERTSON, Norman Bruce Age 25 Pilot Officer  411101   RNZAF 27th July  1942
SHARP, Richard Edwin Age 23 Sergeant  405513   RNZAF 11th July  1942
SHEPHERD, Ian James Age 26 Pilot Officer  404414   RNZAF 27th July  1942
TRENGROVE, Raymond Wickliffe John Age 20 Pilot Officer  40927   RNZAF 21st June  1942
WINSTANLEY, James Francis Age 20 Sergeant  412373   RNZAF 27th July  1942
Durnbach War Cemetery, Germany.
BARKER, Richard Stockdale Age 28 Pilot Officer 421345 RNZAF 26th August 1944
BRIDGER, Cyril Jack Age 26 Flight Sergeant 417192 RNZAF 28th August 1943
DAVEY, Charles Raglan Age 21 Sergeant 413937 RNZAF 8th March 1943
FIRTH, Raymond Age 28 Warrant Officer  417203   RNZAF 26th August  1944
HENDERSON, Matthew Ronald Age 25 Flight Sergeant  427204   RNZAF 28th April  1944
HERRON, Robert Weir Age 23 Flying Officer  422282   RNZAF 28th April  1944
HIGHAM, Frank Douglas Age 24 Flight Sergeant  416116   RNZAF 28th August  1943
LOGAN, Clifford Charles Pownall Age 28 Flying Officer  405918   RAAF 23rd September  1943
McLACHLAN, Euen Wilfred Age 22 Flying Officer  415266   RNZAF 28th April  1944
NORTON, William George Age 28 Flight Sergeant  413227   RNZAF 26th August  1944
PERKS, Eric Age 29 Flight Sergeant  411934   RNZAF 29th August  1942
SMITH, Keith Alfred Age 23 Warrant Officer  416022 RNZAF 28th April  1944
SOWERBY, Geoffrey Phillips Age 22 Flight Sergeant  417243   RNZAF 23rd September  1943

HOLLAND

Aardenburg General Cemetery, Holland.
HEWETT, Harold Max Age 21 Flight Sergeant  419311   RAAF 12th May  1944
Amersfoort (Oud Leusden) General Cemetery, Holland.
BLINCOE, Kenneth Howard DFC Age 33 Pilot Officer 412194  RNZAF 3rd February 1943
CLEARWATER, Desmond Age 24 Sergeant 412314 RNZAF 3rd February 1943
COOK, George Wood Age 24 Sergeant 412514 RNZAF 3rd February 1943
SCOTT, Andrew James Newell Age 21 Pilot Officer  414685   RNZAF 3rd February  1943
Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery, Holland.
ANNAN, William Douglas Francis Age 20 Sergeant 391377 RNZAF 26th July 1940
BYRNE, Martin John Age 32 Flight Sergeant 404529 RNZAF 29th July 1942
COLEMAN, William Harcourt DFC Age 23 Flying Officer 2526 RNZAF 26th July 1940
GILBERTSON, John Edward Age 22 Flight Sergeant  41894   RNZAF 29th July  1942
PERROTT, William Rosser Age 21 Flying Officer  416155   RNZAF 25th June  1943
Beesd General Cemetery, Holland.
JOBLIN, Frederick John Leigh Age 25 Sergeant  417063   RNZAF 24th May  1943
TURNBULL, George Watson Age 24 Sergeant  421342   RNZAF 24th May  1943
TIETJENS, Stephen Muir Age 26 Sergeant  415640   RNZAF 24th May 1 943
Bergen-Op-Zoom Canadian War Cemetery, Holland.
BLACK, John William Age 27 Flight Sergeant 402843 RNZAF 7th November 1941
COOKSEY, James Brett Age 23 Flight Sergeant 416460 RNZAF 24th June 1943
FOTHERINGHAM, Robert Ewen Ernest Age 29 Sergeant  391833   RNZAF 16th July  1941
GRAY, Trevor Hedley Age 27 Sergeant  404356   RNZAF 7th November  1941
LLOYD, Eric Age 28 Pilot Officer  402197   RNZAF 7th November  1941
MURDOCH, Graham Edward Age 26 Pilot Officer  411927   RNZAF 9th June  1942
O’DOWD, Albert William Age 25 Sergeant  41544   RNZAF 9th June  1942
PENMAN, Alexander Mitchell Age 23 Flying Officer  416154   RNZAF 21st October  1944
Doetinchem (Loolaan) General Cemetery, Holland.
HARRISON, Alfred Herbert Age 25 Flight Sergeant  403000   RNZAF 8th November  1941
WYLLIE, Thomas Young Age 25 Sergeant  404011   RNZAF 8th November  1941
Eindhoven (Woensel) General Cemetery, Holland.
GILMOUR, Hugh Edward Age 24 Warrant Officer  422667   RAAF 21st July  1944
MILLS, Samuel Age 32 Flight Sergeant  425036   RAAF 21st July  1944
OSBORNE, John Edward Age 23 Flight Sergeant  417877   RAAF 21st July  1944
Flushing  (Vlissingen) Northern Cemetery, Holland.
BLUCK, Norman Bradford Age 22 Pilot Officer 40364 RNZAF 24th June 1943
STRONG, Geoffrey Walter Age 31 Flight Sergeant  413905   RNZAF 24th June  1943
Gilze-En-Rijen (Gilze) Roman Catholic Cemetery,  Holland.
COOK, Stephen Astley Age 21 Flight Sergeant 421142 RNZAF 28th May 1944
SCOTT, Francis Alexander Jack Age 28 Sergeant  421105   RNZAF 28th May  1944
Harderwijk General Cemetery, Holland.
THOMSON, Gordon Douglas Age 22 Flight Sergeant 42317   RNZAF 25th June  1943
Jonkerbos War Cemetery, Nijmegen, Holland.
CALLOW, Horace Age 27 Flying Officer 427185 RNZAF 21st July 1944
DOBBIN, Laurence St.George Age 29 Flight Sergeant 401375 RNZAF 12th August 1942
HICKFORD, Leonard Charles Age 21 Flight Sergeant  426886   RNZAF 21st July  1944
HOWELL, Edward Age 21 Pilot Officer  428819   RNZAF 21st July  1944
JURY, Jack Leslie Age 20 Sergeant  411764   RNZAF 12th August  1942
McKENZIE, Francis Max Age 26 Pilot Officer  41344   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
REDWOOD, Gerard Henry Age 34 Flight Sergeant  425012   RNZAF 21st July  1944
ROCHE, Gerald Brian Age 21 Flight Sergeant  413219   RNZAF 21st July  1944
SMITH, Keith Emmett Age 21 Flight Sergeant  425179   RNZAF 21st July  1944
Markelo General Cemetery, Holland.
BURBIDGE, Kenneth Alfred Age 22 Flight Sergeant 412200 RNZAF 23rd June 1943
MARTIN, Donald Ernest Age 26 Flight Sergeant  413872   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
McEWIN, Andrew James Age 25 Flight Sergeant  417077   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
WILCOCKSON, Walter Frederick Age 34 Flight Sergeant  42314   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
Oldebroek General Cemetery, Holland.
SMITH, Trevor Harry Age 24 Pilot Officer  41953   RNZAF 9th July  1942
Rotterdam (Crooswijk) General Cemetery, Holland.
FOSTER, Ralph Owen Age 29 Pilot Officer  402443   RNZAF 8th November  1941
RYDER, Robert Leslie Owen Age 25 Pilot Officer  404626   RAAF 8th November  1941
WILSON, John Stephen Age 27 Sergeant  402530   RNZAF 8th November  1941
Schiermonnikoog (Vredenhof) Cemetery, Holland.
CHRISTIE, Arthur Stafford Age 21 Flight Sergeant 402982 RNZAF 21st June 1942
FRASER, Allan Armistice Age 23 Flying Officer  405030   RNZAF 21st June  1942
YOUNG, George Anthony Age 21 Sergeant  405771   RNZAF 9th July 1 942
Tilburg (Gilzerbaan) General Cemetery, Holland.
BURTT, Henry John Age 31 Flying Officer 414560 RNZAF 21st July 1944
CRAWFORD, Henry Varley Gibb Age 28 Sergeant 404339 RNZAF 7th September 1942
GILLAN, Gottfred Lyall Age 21 Warrant Officer  42324   RNZAF 21st July  1944
GROVES, Alpheus Leslie Age 30 Flight Sergeant  403574   RNZAF 7th September  1942
PARKES, William Ronald Age 31 Flight Sergeant  403822   RNZAF 7th September  1942
ROSE, George Herbert Age 30 Sergeant  391713   RNZAF 7th September  1942
WILSON, Eric Glover Age 27 Flight Sergeant  403035   RNZAF 7th September  1942
Uden War Cemetery, Holland.
FLETCHER, Andrew Crawford Age 24 Flight Sergeant  42675   RNZAF 21st July  1944
SIMPSON, Alfred Alexander Age 28 Flight Sergeant  425212   RNZAF 21st July  1944
WHITTINGTON, Harold Age 26 Pilot Officer  42488   RNZAF 21st July  1944
Westdongeradeel (Holwerd) Protestant Cemetery, Holland.
HEGAN, John Gordon George Age 23 Sergeant  411075   RNZAF 30th June  1942
McGREGOR, Murdoch Gordon Age 23 Sergeant  411079   RNZAF 30th June  1942
MONCRIEF, Eric Francis Sydney Age 25 Sergeant  411087   RNZAF 30th June  1942
RANDLE, Douglas Haig Age 24 Sergeant  405454   RNZAF 30th June  1942
Wierden General Cemetery, Holland.
McCULLOUGH, John   DFC Age 30 Pilot Officer  40410 RNZAF 3rd February  1943
MURPHY, Terence Austin Age 30 Sergeant  413307   RNZAF 3rd February 1943

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning

We will remember them.

 

 

Ake Ake Kia Kaha

Sir Douglas Charles Lowe

DC Lowe crew

The Lowe crew, Douglas is stood far right. Source unknown

Kevin has passed on the sad news of the passing of Sir Douglas Charles Lowe, aged 95.

Arriving at the Squadron, then at Newmarket, at the very end of January 1943, Douglas flew between February and May 1943, completing 19 Ops, which can be viewed on their crew page here.

On the crew’s 11th Op, on the 8th of March 1943 to Nurenburg, both Douglas and his Second Pilot, Charles Eddy, were injured.

From the 541 diary:
Stirling 1 BK646 captained by P/O Lowe, was attacked by an enemy aircraft near Saarbrucken on the return journey. The enemy aircraft opened fire with cannon and a stream of tracer came into the cockpit, one exploding near the second pilot’s leg. Corkscrew tactics were adopted, but after seven minutes the enemy aircraft was lost. The only casualties were the second pilot, who was wounded in the leg and the Captain, who had slight face cuts. The aircraft successfully returned to base.

The combat report adds extra detail to this incident:
North of Saarbrucken 00.30 hrs 11,000 feet
Stirling Mk I was on homeward journey having bombed its target when at a position 49° 27′ N., 07° 10 ‘ E. approx. 10 miles North of Saarbrucken, a twin engined E/A identified as a Ju.88. Our aircraft was on a course of 285° M. at a height of 11,000 feet with an I.A.S.. Vertical visibility to aircraft level was poor there being a heavy ground mist but above it was a clear star lit night.

The Rear Gunner sighted a Ju 88 passing 300 feet beneath the tail travelling from Starboard to port at right angle to the heading of our aircraft. E/A carried a single white light about amidships. At the time of sighting our aircraft was gently weaving, this was immediately converted into a corkscrew. when E/A was seen. Three seconds after the first E/A had been sighted an attack was delivered by a second E/A from the starboard quarter below firing cannon. This E/A was not seen by any member of the crew, the position of an attack being substantiated by strikes on our aircraft.

After the attack the E/A carrying a white light dropped astern to approximately 800 yards, keeping in contact with our aircraft for five minutes and was finally lost to sight and was not seen again. During the encounter our gunners did not open fire. The pilot in out aircraft is of the opinion that they make have been silhouetted against a large cone of searchlights over Saarbrucken. There was no flak activity and no ground lights indication our track.

Cannon shell burst in the Pilot’s cocktail wounding the second pilot in the leg and starting a small fire on the starboard side of the instrument panel. All lighting in the aircraft failed except cell-lights which came on automatically. The starboard flap and elevators were also damaged.

On the 16th of April, the crew’s 15th Op, this time to Ludwigshaven, the crew crashed on return. Having experienced very accurate Anti Aircraft fire over the target, on return Douglas discovered that the throttles were jammed open. Despite crashing into a partially  built aircraft hanger and completely wrecking the Stirling they were in. All of the crew escaped, but not without injuries……

He received the Distinguished Flying Cross at the end of his tour, the citation read as follows:
Flight Lieutenant Lowe has proved to be an outstanding captain of aircraft throughout many operational missions over such heavily defended targets as Hamburg, Essen and Berlin. From these sorties he has frequently brought back photographs of the target area. On more than one occasion he has successfully evaded attacks by enemy night fighters. He has also brought his aircraft back to base when almost disabled by anti-aircraft fire. His splendid work has been an inspiration to the Squadron.

From upclosded.com
He was confirmed in his rank of flying officer on 23 December 1943, and received a mention in dispatches in January 1945. Lowe was promoted to flight lieutenant (war-substantive) on 1 January 1945. In the 1946 Birthday Honours, Lowe was decorated with the Air Force Cross (AFC). He remained in the RAF post-war, being awarded a permanent commission in the rank of flying officer on 1 July 1946, with a subsequent promotion to flight lieutenant on 4 July.

Lowe was promoted to Ssquadron Leader on 1 July 1952 and to Wing Commander on 1 January 1958. Promoted to Group Captain on 1 July 1962, he served as Station Commander RAF Cranwell from November 1963 to 1965. With his promotion to air commodore on 1 July 1966, he attained air officer rank. He was promoted to Air Vice-Marshal on 1 January 1970 and appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB), Military Division, in the 1971 Birthday Honours.

In 1973 Lowe was appointed Air Officer Commanding No. 18 Group and he continued in this post until 1975. Thereafter, he was promoted to air chief marshal and was appointed the Controller of Aircraft: he remained in that post until late 1982. Lowe was the Chief of Defence Procurement at the Ministry of Defence from 1982 to 1983. He retired on 22 August 1983.

You can read Sir Douglas’ obituary in the Telegraph here.

and watch Sir Douglas give an interview in March 2013, then aged 91, to a School Report team, about his time in the RAF here.

 

We shall remember them

November 11 crop

For the Fallen

Poem by Robert Laurence Binyon (1869-1943), published in The Times newspaper on 21st September 1914.

With proud thanksgiving, a mother for her children,
England mourns for her dead across the sea.
Flesh of her flesh they were, spirit of her spirit,
Fallen in the cause of the free.

Solemn the drums thrill: Death august and royal
Sings sorrow up into immortal spheres.
There is music in the midst of desolation
And a glory that shines upon our tears.

They went with songs to the battle, they were young,
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow.
They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted,
They fell with their faces to the foe.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

They mingle not with their laughing comrades again;
They sit no more at familiar tables of home;
They have no lot in our labour of the day-time;
They sleep beyond England’s foam.

But where our desires are and our hopes profound,
Felt as a well-spring that is hidden from sight,
To the innermost heart of their own land they are known
As the stars are known to the Night;

As the stars that shall be bright when we are dust,
Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain,
As the stars that are starry in the time of our darkness,
To the end, to the end, they remain.

Ake Ake Kia Kaha

ANZAC Day 2017

Those heroes that shed their blood
And lost their lives.
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies
And the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side
Here in this country of ours.
You, the mothers,
Who sent their sons from far away countries
Wipe away your tears,
Your sons are now lying in our bosom
And are in peace
After having lost their lives on this land they have
Become our sons as well.

 In 1934, Kemal Atatürk delivered these words to the first Australians, New Zealanders and British to visit the Gallipoli battlefields. They were later inscribed on a monolith at Ari Burnu Cemetery (ANZAC Beach) which was unveiled in 1985. The words also appear on the Kemal Atatürk Memorial, Canberra, and the Atatürk Memorial in Wellington.

I would like to take this years ANZAC Day post to announce another significant update to the 75(NZ) Squadron RAF Roll of Honour.

The Roll of Honour in its original guise was very generously gifted to the Blog when it began, by Kevin King, Chairman of the UK Squadron Association. Its original creation was a significant undertaking, taking Kevin and John Tyler several years to compile the full Roll in the days before the internet.

Two years ago, a first significant advance was announced with the addition of gravestone images to the Roll of Honour from the New Zealand War Graves Project.

This year sees the re-presentation of the Roll of Honour with significant extra information for each individual listed. Added to the existing information is the individuals trade position and where it exists their memorial inscription. Additionally, the Form 540 Diary entry is added along with the full list of the crew that the individual in question was flying with. Finally, any known details of the fate of the individual and their crew are included.

With a total of 1,139 Squadron members lost during the Second World War, the addition of this extra material has been a significant, but, I feel, a very worthwhile project. I would welcome any additional material that relatives might wish to add and I intend as time allows to add, where available, images of the lost airmen.

Sections of the new Roll of honour can be accessed here:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y

What follows for this ANZAC Day post is a list of all RNZAF and RAAF airmen who lost their lives flying with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF. They are listed by country and graveyard.

AHE AKE KIA KAHA

UNITED KINGDOM

Brookwood Military Cemetery, Surrey, England.
GUNN, Garth Reginald    MiD Age 26 Squadron Leader  411397  RNZAF 21st September  1944
SIMONSEN, Horace Dean Age 31 Leading Aircraftsman  438024   RNZAF 17th April  1941
Buxton Cemetery, Derbyshire, England.
BEAVEN, James Wilfred Age 31 Sergeant 403566 RNZAF 22nd May 1942
MACKAY, Andrew Donald Age 22 Pilot Officer  411919   RNZAF 22nd May  1942
SMEATON, Wilfred Herbert Age 28 Sergeant  405331   RNZAF 23rd May  1942
Cambridge City Cemetery, Cambridgeshire, England.
BLEWETT, Terence Douglas Age 26 Flight Lieutenant 414376 RNZAF 17th January 1945
BROADY, Raymond Herbert John Age 28 Sergeant 39691 RNZAF 28th November 1942
DOBSON, Peter Gerald    MiD Age 28 Flight Sergeant 439022 RNZAF 8th September 1943
EAST, Patton Mason Age 29 Flight Sergeant 426083 RNZAF 24th October 1943
EMMERSON, Ronald Harry Age 24 Flight Sergeant 410330 RAAF 16th December 1943
HURDLE, Walter Age 28 Flight Sergeant  421279   RNZAF 4th November  1943
JENKIN, Ralph Francis Age 23 Flying Officer  416119   RNZAF 16th December  1943
KINROSS, Colin John Age 30 Pilot Officer  417069   RNZAF 16th December  1943
MENZIES, Ian Robert Age 21 Flying Officer  415002   RNZAF 8th September  1943
PURVES, James John Age 35 Flight Sergeant  422207   RNZAF 25th October  1943
RANDLE, James Robert Age 21 Flight Sergeant  416539   RNZAF 24th October  1943
WILSON, John Stanley Age 34 Flying Officer  426234   RNZAF 17th January  1945

Chevington Cemetery, Northumberland, England.

McISAAC, Alexander Age 24 Sergeant  412891   RNZAF 28th November  1942
Feltwell (St. Nicholas) Churchyard, Norfolk, England.
BENTLEY, Loch Lomond Age 28 Flight Sergeant 403936 RNZAF 23rd December 1941
FOUNTAIN, Cedric Niel Age 23 Pilot Officer  41981   RNZAF 23rd April  1942
GANNAWAY, Eric Francis Age 21 Sergeant  402110   RNZAF 12th May  1941
GRENFELL, Richard John Age 22 Sergeant  404026   RNZAF 29th June  1942
HARRIS, Richard James Age 24 Sergeant  402999   RNZAF 23rd April  1942
JOYCE, David Campbell Age 21 Sergeant  401278   RNZAF 16th July  1941
MITCHELL, Norman Age 25 Sergeant  404084   RNZAF 29th June  1942
NICOL, Trafford McRae Age 21 Pilot Officer  411929   RNZAF 23rd April  1942
RYAN, Alexander James Age 25 Pilot Officer  391367   RNZAF 10th January  1941
WOODHAM, Henry William Age 27 Sergeant  402449   RNZAF 28th February  1942
Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery, Lincolnshire, England.
MEE, Alexander Coutts Age 23 Sergeant  40656   RNZAF 7th May  1941
NOLA, David Leo Age 26 Sergeant  39930   RNZAF 7th May  1941
Guilford Cemetery, Surrey, England.
ANDREWS, James Samuel Age 23 Sergeant 634968 RAF 13th May 1943
Ham (St Andrew) Churchyard, Richmond, Surrey, England.
DIBBEN, Ronald Oswald Age 22 Sergeant    1252627     RAFVR 28th November 1942
Ilford (Barkingside) Cemetery, Essex, England.
THORPE, Noel Humphrey Age 21 Flying Officer  428168   RNZAF 26th February  1945
Jarrow Cemetery, County Durham, England.
BRUCE, John Henry Age 23 Sergeant 1566967 RAFVR 17th September 1944
Lakenham (St. John the Baptist and All Saints) Churchyard, Norfolk, England.
HARVEY, Edgar William Age 27 Sergeant  41902   RNZAF 16th December  1942
Newmarket Cemetery, Suffolk, England.
CLUBB, Selwyn James Age 20 Flying Officer 414593 RNZAF 13th May 1943
FRANKLIN, Benjamin Allan Age 21 Sergeant  414277   RNZAF 16th December  1942
HARVEY, Robert Frederick Age 23 Sergeant  416483   RNZAF 13th May  1943
JOHNSTON, John Age 28 Flying Officer  416198   RNZAF 13th May  1943
WALSH, John Arthur Ernest Age 27 Warrant Officer  401294   RNZAF 9th April  1943
WELCH, Harold Rangi Age 23 Sergeant  41709   RNZAF 16th December  1942
WHITCOMBE, William Henry Age 32 Sergeant  41561   RNZAF 16th December  1942
Runnymede Memorial, Surrey, England.
AITCHISON, Richard Justin Age 28 Pilot Officer 429286 RNZAF 1st January 1945
BABER, Thomas James Edward    MiD Czech Medal for Bravery Age 23 Flight Lieutenant 39857  RNZAF 12th March 1942
BAGNALL, Trevor Horace Age 26 Warrant Officer 40640 RNZAF 17th December 1942
BAKER, James Guthrie Age 27 Flight Sergeant 41142 RNZAF 1st September 1943
BARTON, Arthur James Douglas Age 23 Flight Sergeant 413700 RNZAF 5th February 1943
BENTLEY, Robert Henry Waldron Age 23 Pilot Officer 414580 RNZAF 5th May 1943
BOSWELL, John McLaren Age 26 Sergeant 414491 RNZAF 5th May 1943
BRADEY, George Edward Francis Age 25 Pilot Officer 401954 RNZAF 11th August 1942
BRAILEY, Clifton Robert Age 23 Sergeant 404589 RNZAF 21st June 1942
BRIAN, William Leslie Fred Age 23 Flight Sergeant 411737 RNZAF 28th April 1943
BRIDGMAN, Arthur Mervyn Age 26 Pilot Officer 41866 RNZAF 3rd March 1943
BROUN, Alan Stewart Age 32 Pilot Officer 405367 RNZAF 9th July 1942
BROWN, Russell Howard Age 24 Flight Sergeant 425444 RNZAF 22nd May 1944
BRUHNS, Harold Henry Age 22 Pilot Officer 42367 RNZAF 24th February 1944
BRYSON, Norman Albert Age 26 Flight Sergeant 40859 RNZAF 26th July 1942
BUCKLEY, Ross Cameron Age 29 Flight Sergeant 411206 RNZAF 28th April 1943
BURTON, Clarence Sydney Age 22 Sergeant 414493 RNZAF 3rd March 1943
BUTLER, Laurie Licence Age 22 Flight Sergeant 421672 RNZAF 24th February 1944
CAIRNS, Louvain Trevor Age 25 Flight Sergeant 402437 RNZAF 26th July 1942
CHAMBERLAIN, Lloyd Montgomery Age 28 Flight Sergeant 40914 RNZAF 12th March 1942
COLLINS, John Noel Age 23 Flight Lieutenant 2513 RNZAF 21st May 1940
COPPERSMITH, Raymond Patrick Age 21 Sergeant 391697 RNZAF 26th July 1942
CORIN, Henry George Age 34 Sergeant 417269 RNZAF 28th April 1943
CUMPSTY, Frederick William Raukawa Age 25 Pilot Officer 413386 RNZAF 31st July 1943
DANCE, Alfred Thomas Age 25 Flying Officer 42495 RNZAF 4th November 1943
DARNEY, Jack Neville Age 22 Flight Sergeant 42376 RNZAF 31st July 1943
DARTON, Thomas William Age 22 Flight Sergeant 416465 RNZAF 26th May 1943
DAVIDSON, Neil Douglas Age 21 Pilot Officer 422057 RNZAF 21st July 1944
DROMGOOLE, Sydney Houston Age 28 Flight Sergeant 402171 RNZAF 22nd April 1942
DUNKERLEY, Allan Roy Frank Age 33 Pilot Officer 423083 RAAF 21st November 1944
DYER, Sydney Allan Age 19 Sergeant 40101 RNZAF 16th July 1941
EARLE, John Age 29 Pilot Officer 401756 RNZAF 12th March 1942
ELLIOT, Thomas Isaac Age 24 Flying Officer 421364 RNZAF 21st November 1944
FALCONER, Arthur James Age 23 Pilot Officer  39910   RNZAF 21st February  1941
FALKINER, Philip Age 21 Flight Sergeant  425140   RNZAF 30th July  1944
FAWCETT, Arnold Goodrick Age 31 Flight Sergeant  422698   RNZAF 4th November  1943
FERGUSSON, Allister Archibald Age 22 Flight Sergeant  425391   RNZAF 22nd May  1944
FINLAYSON, William John Age 23 Pilot Officer  39911   RNZAF 24th October  1940
FITZGERALD, John Age 23 Flight Sergeant  424777   RNZAF 30th August  1944
FREEMAN, Patrick Paul Deane Age 22 Sergeant  413305   RNZAF 5th February  1943
GAVEGAN, Jack Ralph Age 30 Pilot Officer  402128   RNZAF 9th July  1942
GOING, Raymond Cyril Age 21 Sergeant  414278   RNZAF 3rd March  1943
GOULD, James Douglas Age 21 Sergeant  411233   RNZAF 11th July  1942
GREEN, Cyril Vincent Age 21 Flight Sergeant  402997   RNZAF 11th August  1942
GREENING, Joseph Wesley Age 27 Pilot Officer  40022   RAAF 3rd July  1941
HADFIELD, Graham Stanley Age 23 Flight Sergeant  426239   RNZAF 14th March  1944
HALLIBURTON, Keith Age 23 Sergeant  415411   RNZAF 28th April  1943
HARE, Philip Edgar Age 19 Sergeant  401227   RNZAF 16th July  1941
HARRISON-SMITH, Francis Charles Age 20 Flight Sergeant  403959   RNZAF 30th November 1941
HARTSTONE, Roydon Horatio Age 29 Sergeant  40211   RNZAF 3rd July  1941
HIGGINS, Eric Vincent Keiran Age 27 Sergeant  400277   RAAF 16th July  1941
HIRST, Raymond John Finlay Age 22 Sergeant  404067   RNZAF 11th July  1942
HOWELL, Alexander Clunie Age 22 Sergeant  392104   RNZAF 28th April  1943
HOWES, Victor Charles Age 20 Sergeant  413418   RNZAF 28th April  1943
HUNTER, Patrick Torre Age 29 Sergeant  42297   RNZAF 28th April  1943
INNES, Owen Alfred Age 22 Sergeant  421935   RNZAF 30th May  1943
JONES, Roy King Age 26 Flying Officer  425611   RNZAF 21st July  1944
JUDD, Douglas Howard Age 26 Sergeant  413336   RNZAF 10th September  1942
KAY, Alan Lister Age 35 Flight Sergeant  42299   RNZAF 22nd May  1944
KELLY, Reginald Joseph Stephen Age 24 Sergeant  403580   RNZAF 22nd April  1942
KILBY, William Adam Age 40 Flight Sergeant  415261   RNZAF 1st September  1943
KNIGHT, Leon Gaston Age 22 Sergeant  405494   RNZAF 9th June  1942
LAMB, Erwin Henry Reubin Age 29 Sergeant  413709   RNZAF 5th May  1943
LEWIS, Alfred Edward Age 25 Flight Sergeant  412458   RAAF 28th April  1943
LODGE, Tom Age 35 Flying Officer  417284   RNZAF 4th November  1943
LOVELOCK, James Benjamin Age 26 Flying Officer  416324   RNZAF 1st September  1943
MacKAY, Kenneth McIndoe Age 27 Pilot Officer  421829   RNZAF 21st July  1944
MacKINNON, Douglas Malcolm Age 20 Sergeant  40923   RNZAF 16th July 1941
MAHOOD, Thomas Stanley Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404916   RNZAF 22nd April  1942
MARTYN, Leslie Arthur Age 35 Flight Lieutenant  417082   RNZAF 21st November  1944
MASON, Frederick David Age 21 Sergeant  1230433   RAFVR 16th August  1943
MAYO, John Russell Age 21 Flight Sergeant  417085   RNZAF 7th August  1943
McGREGOR, Keith Alexander Age 21 Flight Sergeant  415770   RNZAF 1st September  1943
McKENZIE, Frank Edwin Age 22 Sergeant  391085   RNZAF 9th July  1942
McMAHON, Henry Thomas Owen Age 27 Sergeant  403019   RNZAF 22nd April  1942
McPHERSON, Colin Valentine Age 21 Flight Sergeant  404912   RNZAF 26th July  1942
MONK, Walter Jack Age 24 Pilot Officer  411432   RNZAF 30th June  1942
MOORE, Cyril James Age 25 Sergeant  410555   RAAF 6th July  1943
MUIR, Anthony Vincent Age 29 Pilot Officer  40195   RNZAF 21st February  1941
NAIRNE, Colin George Age 22 Pilot Officer  42117   RNZAF 30th July  1944
NATION, John Ross Age 22 Sergeant  40945   RNZAF 3rd July  1941
NEWTON, Raymond John   DFC MiD Age 28 Wing Commander  40984   RNZAF 1st January  1945
OAKEY, Arthur Leslie Archibald Age 33 Flight Sergeant  4213810   RNZAF 21st March  1945
PARTON, William James Age 20 Pilot Officer  41932   RNZAF 12th March  1942
PERRY, Lyndon Clifford Age 21 Pilot Officer  428925   RNZAF 30th July  1944
POTTS, Donald Norman Age 25 Pilot Officer  412267   RNZAF 9th July  1942
PRICE, Henry John Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404095   RNZAF 12th March  1942
QUINN, Eric James Age 20 Flight Sergeant  4210077   RNZAF 21st July  1944
REDDING, Randolph Ernest Age 30 Sergeant  414678   RNZAF 5th February  1943
REID, Ian Laurie Age 23 Sergeant  391846   RNZAF 3rd July  1941
RICHARDS, James Leonard Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404946   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
RIDDLE, Charles Hudson Age 21 Flying Officer  41190   RNZAF 30th May  1943
RIORDAN, John Milton Patrick Age 32 Sergeant  422668   RNZAF 26th May  1943
ROSS, Desmond Ray Age 23 Sergeant  411451   RNZAF 28th April  1943
ROSS, Stanley David Age 25 Flight Sergeant  41359   RNZAF 26th July  1942
ROWBERRY, Geoffrey Warren Age 24 Pilot Officer  414567   RNZAF 14th March  1944
SHALFOON, Charles John Age 22 Sergeant  413897   RNZAF 11th October  1942
SMART, Randolph Cruickshank Age 25 Pilot Officer  411006   RNZAF 10th September  1942
SPITTAL, Phillip Charles Age 26 Pilot Officer  404420   RNZAF 26th July  1942
ST.LEDGER, Peter Sylvestor Anthony Age 21 Flying Officer 4 25375   RAAF 30th July  1943
STONE, Robert James Age 20 Flight Sergeant  415383   RNZAF 31st July  1943
STREETER, Donald Frederick Age 24 Sergeant  401033   RNZAF 24th July  1941
THOMAS, Raymond Age 22 Flight Sergeant  40586   RNZAF 6th July  1943
THOMSON, Jack Age 26 Flight Sergeant  421145   RNZAF 3rd August  1943
TONG, Harold Age 34 Flying Officer  416648   RNZAF 30th May  1943
TURNBULL, John George Age 33 Flying Officer  42490   RNZAF 16th August  1943
TURNER, William Age 22 Flying Officer  416579   RNZAF 3rd August  1943
TWEEDIE, Norman Age 25 Sergeant  402474   RAAF 12th September  1941
VERCOE, Terrance James Age 27 Flight Sergeant  415566   RNZAF 31st July  1943
VERNAZONI, Richard Barry Age 20 Flying Officer 416185   RNZAF 30th May  1943
WALKER, Graham Stuart Age 25 Sergeant  401817   RNZAF 24th July  1941
WATSON, Walter Davis Age 30 Flight Sergeant  428918   RNZAF 30th August  1944
WESTWOOD, Reginald Francis Age 20 Pilot Officer  416471   RAAF 5th May  1943
WHITELAW, Clifford James Age 22 Flight Sergeant  416188   RNZAF 25th June  1943
WILLIS, William Jarvis Age 33 Pilot Officer 421803   RNZAF 22nd May  1944
WILMSHURST, John Charles Age 25 Sergeant  411962   RNZAF 11th July  1942
WILSON, Norman Clarence Bruce Age 23 Flying Officer  417139   RNZAF 4th November  1943
WOODCOCK, Roy Joffre Desmond Age 26 Sergeant  404985   RNZAF 12th March  1942
WORTH, Jim Age 24 Flight Sergeant  425510   RNZAF 21st July  1944
WRIGHTSON, Cyril Charles Age 22 Sergeant  411998   RNZAF 22nd April  1942

Belgium

Adegem Canadian War Cemetery, Belgium.
ANDERSON, Lindsay Douglas Age 20 Sergeant 391321 RNZAF 20th September 1940
Chiervres Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
KELL, William Robert Age 23 Pilot Officer 411766 RNZAF 19th November  1943
MYERS, John William Anthony Age 25 Flight Lieutenant 405801 RNZAF 19th July  1944
Florennes Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
GRAINGER, James Kennedy Age 21 Pilot Officer  42295   RNZAF 15th April  1943
McCASKILL, Donald Gordon Age 19 Pilot Officer  413573   RNZAF 15th April  1943
SMITH, Ronald Alexander Age 21 Sergeant 415378   RNZAF 15th April  1943
Heverlee War Cemetery, Belgium.
BURKE, Edgar Lawrence Age 26 Pilot Officer 417016 RNZAF 23rd May 1944
PAGE, Frank Albert Age 29 Warrant Officer  409481   RAAF 23rd May  1944
PARKIN, Victor Trevor Age 21 Flight Sergeant  421090   RNZAF 31st August  1943
WATTERS, Terrence Age 21 Flight Sergeant  417299   RNZAF 31st August  1943
Hoton War Cemetery, Belgium.
ELVIN, William Age 21 Pilot Officer 426883 RNZAF 12th August 1944
JOHNSTON, Haig Douglas Age 27 Flight Sergeant  426320   RNZAF 12th August  1944
MULCAHY, Cyril Desmond Age 21 Pilot Officer  428793   RNZAF 12th August  1944
PARKER, Robert Ronald Smithie Age 20 Sergeant  1892552   RAFVR 12th August 1944
THOMSON, Edward Leonard Age 20 Flight Sergeant  4211036   RNZAF 12th August  1944
WRIGHT, John Herbert Age 26 Flight Sergeant  426209   RNZAF 12th August  1944
Ostende New Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
COATES, Dudley Dobson Age 33 Sergeant 421318 RNZAF 26th May 1943
Werken Churchyard, Belgium.
ROBERTS, James Age 20 Sergeant  400310   RAAF 22nd October  1941
SPARK, Frederick Alexander Age 26 Sergeant  401415   RNZAF 22nd October  1941
Wevelgem Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
FAUVEL, Spencer Francis Age 21 Flight Lieutenant  414971   RNZAF 28th May  1944
GOWER, Kenneth Wilfred Age 28 Flight Sergeant  421272   RNZAF 28th May  1944
LUKEY, Francis Henry Clark Age 23 Flying Officer  42990   RNZAF 28th May  1944
MASON, James Rooker Age 27 Flight Sergeant  421307   RNZAF 28th May  1944

DENMARK

Aabenraa Cemetery, Denmark.
BAILEY, Robert Age 20 Flight Sergeant 429072 RNZAF 23rd April 1944
LAMMAS, Mauson Age 30 Pilot Officer  421728   RNZAF 23rd April  1944
SAWTELL, Arthur Hartley Age 19 Flight Sergeant  417521   RAAF 24th February  1944
VAUGHAN, Douglas William Age 28 Flight Sergeant  429046   RNZAF 23rd April  1944
Esbjerg (Fourfelt) Cemetery, Denmark.
COBB, Cyril Thomas Age 30 Flight Sergeant 412315 RNZAF 21st April 1943
EARLE, Frederick Joseph Age 22 Sergeant    1332585     RAFVR 21st April 1943
SALT, Ian Charles Age 20 Flight Sergeant  404046   RNZAF 21st April  1943
TOLLEY, Alan Gray Age 21 Pilot Officer  411954   RNZAF 21st April  1943
UPTON, Frank Wakefield Age 28 Flight Sergeant  404430   RNZAF 21st April  1943
Frederikshavn Cemetery, Denmark.
CRAWFORD-WATSON, Lewis Stanley Age 21 Flight Sergeant 42734 RNZAF 4th November 1943
IMRIE, George Burns Age 22 Flight Sergeant  422676   RNZAF 4th November  1943
JAMES, Charles James Age 34 Flight Sergeant  426333   RNZAF 4th November  1943
MASTERS, William Stuart Age 21 Pilot Officer  421077   RNZAF 4th November  1943
Gram Churchyard, Denmark.
MURRY, Henry James Age 26 Flying Officer  415820   RNZAF 19th April  1944
Orslev Churchyard, Denmark.
BIGGAR, John Matthew Age 22 Flight Sergeant 427945 RNZAF 12th September 1944
HADLEY, William Orchard Age 30 Flying Officer 426041   RNZAF 12th September  1944
Svino Churchyard, Denmark
BOYD, William James Victor Age 20 Flight Sergeant 428303 RNZAF 12th September 1944
GILES, John Patrick Arthur Age 21 Flight Sergeant  425836   RNZAF 12th September  1944
GUDGEON, John Bernard Age 23 Pilot Officer  428786   RNZAF 12th September  1944
JENKINS, Ernest Roy Age 25 Warrant Officer  405780   RNZAF 29th April  1943
SHOGREN, Malcolm Edward John Age 29 Sergeant  415375   RNZAF 28th April  1943
THOMPSON, Desmond Lewis Age 21 Pilot Officer  413152   RNZAF 29th April  1943
WILLIAMS, John Muir Age 23 Flight Sergeant  401341   RAAF 29th April  1943

FRANCE

Bayeux War Cemetery, France.
BONISCH, Lester Lascelles Age 21 Pilot Officer 422098 RNZAF 11th June 1944
McKENZIE, James Murdoch Thomas Age 27 Flight Sergeant  427217   RNZAF 11th June  1944
MILLER, James Stuart Age 33 Flight Sergeant  427220   RNZAF 11th June  1944
Chateau-Voue Communal Cemetery, France.
McRAE, James Kenneth Age 27 Flying Officer  415216   RNZAF 25th July  1944
POTTS, Thomas Christopher Age 27 Flight Sergeant  421143   RNZAF 25th July  1944
Choloy War Cemetery, France.
GROVES, Kelvin Havelock Green Age 30 Pilot Officer  415819   RNZAF 17th April  1943
STONE, Ronald Charles Age 26 Sergeant  413281   RNZAF 17th April 1943
Clermont-Ferrand (Des Carmes Dechaux) Communal Cemetery, France.
HENDERSON, Hugh William Age 24 Flying Officer  421713   RNZAF 5th March  1944
JONES, Arthur Stanley Age 28 Flight Sergeant  421977   RNZAF 5th March  1944
MELVILLE, Robert James Ian Age 26 Flight Sergeant  42349   RNZAF 5th March  1944
WATSON, Raymond Johnson   DFC Age 27 Squadron Leader  404978 RNZAF 5th March  1944
Cronenbourg French National (Mixed) Cemetery, Strasbourg, France.
DUDDING, Keat Age 25 Warrant Officer 415522 RNZAF 25th July    1944
TAVERNER, George Alfred Badge Age 21 Flight Sergeant  429835   RAAF 25th July  1944
WHITEHOUSE, Keith Owen Age 23 Flying Officer  428800   RNZAF 25th July  1944
Fruges Communal Cemetery, France.
BATESON, Benjamin William Age 22 Flight Sergeant 424788 RNZAF 25th June 1944
MILNE, Bruce Age 21 Flight Sergeant  428017   RNZAF 25th June  1944
Guidel Communal Cemetery, France.
HARDING-SMITH, Dudley Age 24 Pilot Officer  405265   RNZAF 13th February  1943
Millery Communal Cemetery, France.
BLANCE, Ian Edward Age 21 Pilot Officer 421496 RNZAF 29th July 1944
CLIMO, Frederick Walter Percival Age 22 Flight Sergeant 4310148 RNZAF 29th July 1944
JENKINS, Frederick Francis Arthur Age 30 Flight Sergeant  429888   RNZAF 29th July  1944
Olonne-Sur-Mer Communal Cemetery, France.
WHITTA, Neville Bruce Age 20 Flight Sergeant  416566   RNZAF 16th August  1943
Poix-de-la-Somme Churchyard, France.
MACKENZIE, Douglas John Age 27 Flight Sergeant  417211   RAAF 2nd May  1944
PEEVERS, Thomas Alexander Age 29 Flight Sergeant  417232   RNZAF 2nd May  1944
SACHTLER, Euen William Age 24 Squadron Leader  41362   RNZAF 2nd May  1944
Rieux Communal Cemetery, France.
BETLEY, Ronald Desmond Ernest Age 22 Flight Sergeant 421495 RNZAF 16th June 1944
COOK, Peter Jackson Age 21 Flight Sergeant 42708 RNZAF 16th June 1944
HALE, Lawrence Eastmure Age 26 Flight Sergeant  42395   RNZAF 16th June  1944
TOOHEY, Edward Wallace Age 22 Warrant Officer 416672   RNZAF 16th June  1944
Therouldeville Churchyard, France.
RITCHIE, Alfred Henry Age 22 Sergeant  40207   RNZAF 22nd December  1940
Tillieres-Sur-Avre Communal Cemetery, France.
DONAGHY, Thomas Rodgers Age 33 Flight Sergeant 422267 RNZAF 11th June    1944
Valenciennes (St Roch) Communal Cemetery, France.
DIMOCK, Vallance Albert Oliver Age 22 Sergeant     412317    RNZAF 25th October 1942
McCONNELL, James Allison Age 21 Sergeant  414646   RNZAF 25th October  1942
SMITH, Selwyn Clarence Age 29 Sergeant  41952   RNZAF 25th October  1942
TONKIN, Douglas Noel Age 22 Sergeant  413285   RNZAF 25th October  1942
Ville-Sur-Retourne Churchyard, France.
HUGHILL, Howard James Age 21 Sergeant  414293   RNZAF 25th October  1942
Yevres Communal Cemetery, France.
STOKES, Noel Alfred Deal Age 25 Flight Lieutenant  421403   RNZAF 29th July  1944

GERMANY

Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery, Germany.
ERIKSON, Mervyn Arthur Age 26 Pilot Officer 416103 RNZAF 24th August 1943
FISK, Joseph George Arkless Age 28 Flight Sergeant  412874   RNZAF 1st September  1943
HELM, George Vincent Age 23 Pilot Officer  416113   RNZAF 1st September  1943
HOPE, Lawrence Beresford Hamilton Age 28 Warrant Officer  40940   RNZAF 19th April  1945
LUNDON, Francis Patrick Age 25 Flight Sergeant  404718   RNZAF 24th August  1943
MOSS, Douglas Hamilton Age 23 Pilot Officer  404653   RNZAF 24th August  1943
SEDUNARY, Alan Joseph Lyall   DFC Age 20 Pilot Officer  416619    RAAF 24th August  1943
STEWART, Donald MacKay Age 29 Flight Sergeant 421336  RNZAF 1st September 1943
THIRD, James Age 34 Pilot Officer  422671   RNZAF 24th August  1943
THORSTENSEN, Frederick William Age 26 Flight Sergeant  414529   RNZAF 24th August  1943
WOOLCOTT, Douglas George Age 23 Sergeant  1290189   RAFVR 24th August  1943
Becklingen War Cemetery, Germany
BRISCO, Robert Hylton Age 26 Sergeant 411204 RNZAF 29th July 1942
CAITCHEON, Gordon Edwin Age 28 Sergeant 404016 RNZAF 29th July 1942
CAMPBELL, Alan Age 22 Flight Sergeant 391857 RNZAF 29th July 1942
CARNCROSS, Murray Ellis Age 19 Pilot Officer 411718 RNZAF 29th July 1942
DAVIS, Ronald Fraser Age 22 Flight Sergeant 403569 RNZAF 29th July 1942
HUTT, George Alister Age 25 Flight Sergeant  41914   RNZAF 29th July 1942
McMURCHY, James Gordon Age 31 Sergeant  405539   RNZAF 29th July 1942
O’SHEA, William Clerken Age 28 Sergeant  411096   RNZAF 29th July 1942
SAVAGE, John Henry Age 33 Sergeant  404620   RNZAF 29th July 1942
STEWART, Ian Gordon Age 20 Sergeant  404623   RNZAF 29th July 1942
SUTHERLAND, Alexander George Age 23 Flight Sergeant  405340   RNZAF 29th July 1942
TABOR, Adrian Oscar Age 25 Sergeant  411104   RNZAF 29th July 1942
WESTERMAN, Victor Kenneth Age 24 Flight Sergeant  41970   RNZAF 29th July 1942
WILSON, Peter John Age 22 Flight Lieutenant  402475   RNZAF 29th July 1942
Hamburg War Cemetery, Germany.
CORLETT, Geoffrey Scott Age 20 Flight Sergeant 42289 RNZAF 3rd August 1943
COUPER, James Arthur Age 31 Flight Sergeant 417027 RNZAF 3rd August 1943
CRARER, Thomas Eric Age 21 Sergeant 405475 RNZAF 29th July 1942
HAWKINS, Anthony Henry Ryder Age 20 Sergeant  40971   RNZAF 15th September  1941
REEVES, Sydney Cecil Oliver Age 21 Flight Sergeant  42339   RNZAF 3rd August  1943
WARD, James Allen   VC Age 22 Sergeant  401793   RNZAF 15th September  1941
Hanover War Cemetery, Germany.
ADAMSON, David Maurice Age 27 Flying Officer 41052 RNZAF 28th September 1943
DALZELL, Errol Thomas Paterson Age 22 Pilot Officer 411378 RNZAF 28th August 1942
HAUB, Darcy Leslie Conrad Age 23 Flight Sergeant  42326   RNZAF 31st August 1943
HOGAN, Denis Patrick Age 23 Sergeant  412331   RNZAF 28th August  1942
JACKSON, Kensington Campbell Age 23 Flight Sergeant  42330   RNZAF 31st August  1943
RIDDLER, Stanley Winston Age 22 Sergeant  424999   RNZAF 3rd October  1943
ROBERTS, Eric John Age 25 Flight Sergeant  417107   RNZAF 31st August  1943
TUNBRIDGE, Victor Arthur Age 28 Sergeant  411788   RNZAF 28th August  1942
WAEREA, Tame Hawaikirangi Age 29 Pilot Officer  421300   RNZAF 28th September  1943
WHITMORE, Richard Charles Age 22 Pilot Officer  421123   RNZAF 28th September  1943
Kiel War Cemetery, Germany.
AITCHISON, Campbell Ewen Justin Age 22 Flight Sergeant 402974 RNZAF 12th March 1942
BELL, Maurice Perrott Age 26 Pilot Officer 404882 RNZAF 29th March 1942
BROWN, John Lukies Age 22 Flight Sergeant 402534 RNZAF 12th March 1942
CRAN, Franklyn Bertram Age 21 Sergeant 405237 RNZAF 29th March 1942
FIRTH, Ellison George Age 19 Sergeant  412218   RNZAF 13th October  1942
FRASER, Myles Frederick Gordon Age 22 Flight Sergeant  403437   RNZAF 16th May  1942
HARRIS, Claude Joseph Age 31 Sergeant  404028   RNZAF 29th March  1942
McDONALD, Murray Alexander Age 23 Sergeant  400352   RAAF 12th March  1942
PARKINSON, Lewis Harry Age 20 Sergeant  412518   RNZAF 13th October  1942
SMITH, Albert Ivan Age 27 Flight Sergeant  402221   RNZAF 16th May  1942
WATTERS, Ventry Age 22 Sergeant  413522   RNZAF 13th October  1942
WHITING, Norman Edward Age 27 Sergeant  404107   RNZAF 16th May  1942
Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, Germany.
ANDERSON, Ronald Alexander John Age 26 Flight Sergeant 36139 RNZAF 20th July 1940
BARCLAY, Thomas Smith Age 22 Flight Sergeant 411358 RNZAF 12th August 1942
BISSET, Stuart Richard Age 20 Flight Sergeant 415738 RNZAF 23rd June 1943
BLANK, John Frederick Age 20 Flight Sergeant 422175 RNZAF 23rd June 1943
BOAG, Robert James Age 24 Flight Sergeant 432097 RAAF 30th November 1944
BROWN, Alfred Errol Age 25 Flying Officer 429139 RNZAF 21st March 1945
COLES, Thomas Edward Age 28 Sergeant 40161 RNZAF 7th September 1942
COWIE, James Lindis Age 22 Flight Sergeant 42322 RNZAF 22nd November 1943
FRAMPTON, Laurie Albert Age 20 Sergeant  411753   RNZAF 29th July  1942
GIBSON, John Cuthbert McKechnie Age 29 Sergeant  40435 2  RNZAF 7th November  1941
GRIMES, Harold Dawson Age 26 Sergeant  404532   RAAF 15th October  1941
HAZARD, Whelan Fallon Age 20 Flying Officer  429047   RNZAF 12th August  1944
HOLLOWAY, Edgar John Age 29 Flying Officer  429923   RNZAF 21st March  1945
INGLIS, William Gordon Lloyd Age 27 Sergeant  411758   RNZAF 12th August  1942
JARVIS, Claude Joseph Frederick Age 22 Sergeant  411722   RNZAF 7th September  1942
JOHNS, Arthur Grahame Age 20 Flight Sergeant  41907   RNZAF 29th July  1942
KAVANAGH, Stanley Leo Age 24 Warrant Officer  403579   RNZAF 30th May  1943
KRALJEVICH, Mark Age 25 Sergeant  403458   RNZAF 29th July  1942
MACKENZIE, Stanley Henry Age 23 Flying Officer  422418   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
MacPHAIL, Allan Corson Anderson Age 30 Sergeant  41194   RNZAF 30th May  1943
MARSHALL, Eric William Elliott Age 31 Flight Sergeant  415637   RNZAF 23rd May  1944
McCARTIN, Patrick Leo Age 28 Flying Officer  419328   RAAF 20th November  1944
McINTOSH, James Alexander Age 26 Flying Officer  411915   RNZAF 30th November  1944
McWILLIAM, Allan Age 20 Sergeant  416586   RNZAF 30th May  1943
MILLS, George William Age 27 Pilot Officer  411769   RNZAF 7th September  1942
MORGAN, Robert Carhampton Age 26 Flight Sergeant  421389   RNZAF 30th November  1944
NEWMAN, Robert Wynne Age 29 Flight Sergeant  4210960   RNZAF 30th November  1944
NORMAN, Raymond Fraser Age 23 Flight Sergeant  416145   RNZAF 30th May  1943
OWEN, John Lewis Age 24 Sergeant  391332   RNZAF 20th July  1940
PAYNE, Douglas Beardsley Age 22 Flight Sergeant  426917   RNZAF 23rd May  1944
PLUMMER, Jack    DFC Age 29 Flight Lieutenant  42451   RNZAF 21st March  1945
RAMSAY, William Robertson Age 25 Sergeant  405508   RNZAF 9th June  1942
ROBERTSON, Trevor Bernard Age 26 Pilot Officer  404948   RNZAF 15th October  1941
SAMSON, George King Age 27 Flight Sergeant  402563   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
SAUL, Norman Priestley Age 30 Sergeant  411730   RNZAF 7th September  1942
SCOTT, Russell James Age 23 Flying Officer  428984   RNZAF 21st March  1945
SHARMAN, George William Age 27 Sergeant  412746   RNZAF 7th September  1942
SMITH, Rupert John Age 26 Pilot Officer  41950   RNZAF 9th June 1942
STEWART, Leslie Ian Age 25 Sergeant  41178 5  RNZAF 29th July  1942
THORNLEY, Sydney Russell Age 25 Flight Sergeant  40109   RNZAF 30th May  1943
TURNER, John Cecil Age 21 Flight Sergeant  421115   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
WARRING, Robert John Age 21 Sergeant  411110   RNZAF 12th August  1942
WOOD, James Haswell Age 29 Flight Sergeant  425811   RNZAF 21st March  1945
Rheinberg War Cemetery, Germany.
ANDERSEN, Kenneth Peder Christian Age 28 Flight Sergeant 429128 RNZAF 4th November 1944
ASHWIN, Eric Lumley Durham Age 22 Sergeant 41563 RNZAF 17th December 1942
BENNETT, Raymond Frederick Age 29 Pilot Officer 415282 RNZAF 30th May 1943
BERNARD, Arthur George Age 22 Flight Sergeant 424964 RNZAF 22nd November1943
BUDGE, William Finlay Age 24 Pilot Officer 41977 RNZAF 6th April 1942
CAREY, John Henry Roy Age 27 Flight Sergeant 414242 RNZAF 30th May 1943
CLARK, Mervyn Oliver Age 20 Pilot Officer 404895 RNZAF 17th December 1942
COOMBRIDGE, Trevor Walter Age 21 Flight Sergeant 42653 RNZAF 27th December 1944
CURLEWIS, Raymond Fullerton Age 25 Sergeant 402230 RAAF 11th October 1941
DALE, James Atkinson Age 27 Flying Officer 425562 RNZAF 25th August 1944
DEBENHAM, Kevin Frederick Age 26 Pilot Officer 412211 RNZAF 16th April 1943
DEVLIN, Kevin John Age 26 Pilot Officer 413334 RNZAF 11th September 1942
FLEMING, James Allan Age 27 Flying Officer  422382   RNZAF 25th August  1944
GALLETLY, Alan Russell Age 33 Pilot Officer  427481   RNZAF 5th October  1944
HASELDEN, Howard Clive McLeish Age 22 Sergeant  403003   RNZAF 18th September  1941
HENLEY, Douglas Charles   MiD Age 23 Pilot Officer  414622   RNZAF 1st September  1943
HOWARD, Edward John Francis Age 24 Flight Sergeant  424469   RNZAF 4th November  1944
HOWLETT, Arthur Douglas Age 32 Flying Officer  413335   RNZAF 23rd September  1943
JACOBSON, Gerald Howard Age 27 Flying Officer  41333   RNZAF 17th December  1942
JARVIS, William Louis Age 25 Flight Sergeant  414691   RAAF 23rd September  1943
KELCHER, Walter Foch Age 23 Sergeant  411908   RNZAF 11th September  1942
KENDAL, Christopher James Age 21 Sergeant  412342   RNZAF 17th December  1942
KIRKPATRICK, Laurence John Age 20 Flying Officer  414990   RNZAF 23rd September  1943
MacLEOD, Norman Alexander Age 26 Flight Sergeant  404079   RNZAF 30th May  1943
MARGETTS, John Edward Stanley Age 25 Flight Sergeant  422665   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
McALPINE, Walter Duncan Age 30 Pilot Officer  403551   RNZAF 17th December  1942
METCALFE, Thomas Otto Age 19 Sergeant  414386   RNZAF 11th September  1942
MILES, Haddon Shaw Age 27 Flying Officer  421746   RNZAF 27th December 1 944
MOSLEY, Stuart Edwin Age 29 Flight Sergeant  426106   RNZAF 5th October  1944
MURPHY, Timothy Rowley Age 20 Sergeant  404037   RNZAF 11th October  1941
PULLAR, Henry Welsh Age 25 Sergeant  411777   RNZAF 17th December  1942
SANDS, Hugh Powell Age 26 Flying Officer  403287   RNZAF 23rd September  1943
SCOTT, Alexander Age 20 Sergeant  413484   RNZAF 3rd December  1942
SCOTT, Alistair Henry Age 27 Flight Sergeant  428259   RNZAF 4th November  1944
SCOTT, John Harold Age 29 Flying Officer  428797   RNZAF 4th November  1944
SINGLE, Alan Roy Age 26 Flight Sergeant  413144   RAAF 22nd November  1943
SMITH, Ian Hector Ross Age 34 Flight  Sergeant  421614   RNZAF 1st September  1943
SMITH, Phillip Francis Age 20 Flight Sergeant  427206   RAAF 20th November  1944
SOUTHWARD, Keith Age 28 Flying Officer  411048   RNZAF 6th October  1944
STOKES, Wallace Frederick Age 27 Sergeant  412326   RNZAF 17th December  1942
THOMPSON, Colin Maurice Age 23 Sergeant  404427   RNZAF 11th October  1941
WALSHE, Desmond James Age 25 Sergeant  412912   RNZAF 11th September  1942
WATSON, Clifford Arnold Age 34 Flying Officer  421946   RNZAF 1st September  1943
WELSH, Neville Henry Age 20 Flight Sergeant  391334   RNZAF 15th October  1941
WHITE, William George Henry Age 27 Sergeant  41717   RNZAF 17th December  1942
WHITTINGTON, Eric Richmond Age 22 Flight Sergeant  416030   RNZAF 22nd November  1943
WILKINSON, Ernest Stanley Age 25 Pilot Officer  417138   RNZAF 6th September  1943
WOOD, Frederick Lionel Roy Age 23 Sergeant  404439   RNZAF 15th October  1941
Sage War Cemetery, Germany.
BRODIE, Andrew Moore Age 25 Sergeant 391378 RNZAF 21st February 1941
BUCKLEY, Wallace Edward Age 28 Pilot Officer 391379 RNZAF 21st June 1942
GILL, John Trevor Vivian Age 27 Sergeant  403362   RNZAF 4th September  1942
GRANT, Horace Llewellyn Age 27 Sergeant  405254   RNZAF 4th September  1942
LEES, Reginald Sidney Age 26 Pilot Officer  404907   RNZAF 27th July 1942
LOWTHER, Peter Desmond Age 22 Flight Sergeant  403583   RNZAF 11th July  1942
NEWMAN, Richard Alfred William Age 24 Sergeant  405309   RNZAF 4th September  1942
RENTON, Rupert Ernest Age 22 Sergeant  412352   RNZAF 4th September  1942
ROBERTSON, Norman Bruce Age 25 Pilot Officer  411101   RNZAF 27th July  1942
SHARP, Richard Edwin Age 23 Sergeant  405513   RNZAF 11th July  1942
SHEPHERD, Ian James Age 26 Pilot Officer  404414   RNZAF 27th July  1942
TRENGROVE, Raymond Wickliffe John Age 20 Pilot Officer  40927   RNZAF 21st June  1942
WINSTANLEY, James Francis Age 20 Sergeant  412373   RNZAF 27th July  1942
Durnbach War Cemetery, Germany.
BARKER, Richard Stockdale Age 28 Pilot Officer 421345 RNZAF 26th August 1944
BRIDGER, Cyril Jack Age 26 Flight Sergeant 417192 RNZAF 28th August 1943
DAVEY, Charles Raglan Age 21 Sergeant 413937 RNZAF 8th March 1943
FIRTH, Raymond Age 28 Warrant Officer  417203   RNZAF 26th August  1944
HENDERSON, Matthew Ronald Age 25 Flight Sergeant  427204   RNZAF 28th April  1944
HERRON, Robert Weir Age 23 Flying Officer  422282   RNZAF 28th April  1944
HIGHAM, Frank Douglas Age 24 Flight Sergeant  416116   RNZAF 28th August  1943
LOGAN, Clifford Charles Pownall Age 28 Flying Officer  405918   RAAF 23rd September  1943
McLACHLAN, Euen Wilfred Age 22 Flying Officer  415266   RNZAF 28th April  1944
NORTON, William George Age 28 Flight Sergeant  413227   RNZAF 26th August  1944
PERKS, Eric Age 29 Flight Sergeant  411934   RNZAF 29th August  1942
SMITH, Keith Alfred Age 23 Warrant Officer  416022 RNZAF 28th April  1944
SOWERBY, Geoffrey Phillips Age 22 Flight Sergeant  417243   RNZAF 23rd September  1943

HOLLAND

Aardenburg General Cemetery, Holland.
HEWETT, Harold Max Age 21 Flight Sergeant  419311   RAAF 12th May  1944
Amersfoort (Oud Leusden) General Cemetery, Holland.
BLINCOE, Kenneth Howard DFC Age 33 Pilot Officer 412194  RNZAF 3rd February 1943
CLEARWATER, Desmond Age 24 Sergeant 412314 RNZAF 3rd February 1943
COOK, George Wood Age 24 Sergeant 412514 RNZAF 3rd February 1943
SCOTT, Andrew James Newell Age 21 Pilot Officer  414685   RNZAF 3rd February  1943
Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery, Holland.
ANNAN, William Douglas Francis Age 20 Sergeant 391377 RNZAF 26th July 1940
BYRNE, Martin John Age 32 Flight Sergeant 404529 RNZAF 29th July 1942
COLEMAN, William Harcourt DFC Age 23 Flying Officer 2526 RNZAF 26th July 1940
GILBERTSON, John Edward Age 22 Flight Sergeant  41894   RNZAF 29th July  1942
PERROTT, William Rosser Age 21 Flying Officer  416155   RNZAF 25th June  1943
Beesd General Cemetery, Holland.
JOBLIN, Frederick John Leigh Age 25 Sergeant  417063   RNZAF 24th May  1943
TURNBULL, George Watson Age 24 Sergeant  421342   RNZAF 24th May  1943
TIETJENS, Stephen Muir Age 26 Sergeant  415640   RNZAF 24th May 1 943
Bergen-Op-Zoom Canadian War Cemetery, Holland.
BLACK, John William Age 27 Flight Sergeant 402843 RNZAF 7th November 1941
COOKSEY, James Brett Age 23 Flight Sergeant 416460 RNZAF 24th June 1943
FOTHERINGHAM, Robert Ewen Ernest Age 29 Sergeant  391833   RNZAF 16th July  1941
GRAY, Trevor Hedley Age 27 Sergeant  404356   RNZAF 7th November  1941
LLOYD, Eric Age 28 Pilot Officer  402197   RNZAF 7th November  1941
MURDOCH, Graham Edward Age 26 Pilot Officer  411927   RNZAF 9th June  1942
O’DOWD, Albert William Age 25 Sergeant  41544   RNZAF 9th June  1942
PENMAN, Alexander Mitchell Age 23 Flying Officer  416154   RNZAF 21st October  1944
Doetinchem (Loolaan) General Cemetery, Holland.
HARRISON, Alfred Herbert Age 25 Flight Sergeant  403000   RNZAF 8th November  1941
WYLLIE, Thomas Young Age 25 Sergeant  404011   RNZAF 8th November  1941
Eindhoven (Woensel) General Cemetery, Holland.
GILMOUR, Hugh Edward Age 24 Warrant Officer  422667   RAAF 21st July  1944
MILLS, Samuel Age 32 Flight Sergeant  425036   RAAF 21st July  1944
OSBORNE, John Edward Age 23 Flight Sergeant  417877   RAAF 21st July  1944
Flushing  (Vlissingen) Northern Cemetery, Holland.
BLUCK, Norman Bradford Age 22 Pilot Officer 40364 RNZAF 24th June 1943
STRONG, Geoffrey Walter Age 31 Flight Sergeant  413905   RNZAF 24th June  1943
Gilze-En-Rijen (Gilze) Roman Catholic Cemetery,  Holland.
COOK, Stephen Astley Age 21 Flight Sergeant 421142 RNZAF 28th May 1944
SCOTT, Francis Alexander Jack Age 28 Sergeant  421105   RNZAF 28th May  1944
Harderwijk General Cemetery, Holland.
THOMSON, Gordon Douglas Age 22 Flight Sergeant 42317   RNZAF 25th June  1943
Jonkerbos War Cemetery, Nijmegen, Holland.
CALLOW, Horace Age 27 Flying Officer 427185 RNZAF 21st July 1944
DOBBIN, Laurence St.George Age 29 Flight Sergeant 401375 RNZAF 12th August 1942
HICKFORD, Leonard Charles Age 21 Flight Sergeant  426886   RNZAF 21st July  1944
HOWELL, Edward Age 21 Pilot Officer  428819   RNZAF 21st July  1944
JURY, Jack Leslie Age 20 Sergeant  411764   RNZAF 12th August  1942
McKENZIE, Francis Max Age 26 Pilot Officer  41344   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
REDWOOD, Gerard Henry Age 34 Flight Sergeant  425012   RNZAF 21st July  1944
ROCHE, Gerald Brian Age 21 Flight Sergeant  413219   RNZAF 21st July  1944
SMITH, Keith Emmett Age 21 Flight Sergeant  425179   RNZAF 21st July  1944
Markelo General Cemetery, Holland.
BURBIDGE, Kenneth Alfred Age 22 Flight Sergeant 412200 RNZAF 23rd June 1943
MARTIN, Donald Ernest Age 26 Flight Sergeant  413872   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
McEWIN, Andrew James Age 25 Flight Sergeant  417077   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
WILCOCKSON, Walter Frederick Age 34 Flight Sergeant  42314   RNZAF 23rd June  1943
Oldebroek General Cemetery, Holland.
SMITH, Trevor Harry Age 24 Pilot Officer  41953   RNZAF 9th July  1942
Rotterdam (Crooswijk) General Cemetery, Holland.
FOSTER, Ralph Owen Age 29 Pilot Officer  402443   RNZAF 8th November  1941
RYDER, Robert Leslie Owen Age 25 Pilot Officer  404626   RAAF 8th November  1941
WILSON, John Stephen Age 27 Sergeant  402530   RNZAF 8th November  1941
Schiermonnikoog (Vredenhof) Cemetery, Holland.
CHRISTIE, Arthur Stafford Age 21 Flight Sergeant 402982 RNZAF 21st June 1942
FRASER, Allan Armistice Age 23 Flying Officer  405030   RNZAF 21st June  1942
YOUNG, George Anthony Age 21 Sergeant  405771   RNZAF 9th July 1 942
Tilburg (Gilzerbaan) General Cemetery, Holland.
BURTT, Henry John Age 31 Flying Officer 414560 RNZAF 21st July 1944
CRAWFORD, Henry Varley Gibb Age 28 Sergeant 404339 RNZAF 7th September 1942
GILLAN, Gottfred Lyall Age 21 Warrant Officer  42324   RNZAF 21st July  1944
GROVES, Alpheus Leslie Age 30 Flight Sergeant  403574   RNZAF 7th September  1942
PARKES, William Ronald Age 31 Flight Sergeant  403822   RNZAF 7th September  1942
ROSE, George Herbert Age 30 Sergeant  391713   RNZAF 7th September  1942
WILSON, Eric Glover Age 27 Flight Sergeant  403035   RNZAF 7th September  1942
Uden War Cemetery, Holland.
FLETCHER, Andrew Crawford Age 24 Flight Sergeant  42675   RNZAF 21st July  1944
SIMPSON, Alfred Alexander Age 28 Flight Sergeant  425212   RNZAF 21st July  1944
WHITTINGTON, Harold Age 26 Pilot Officer  42488   RNZAF 21st July  1944
Westdongeradeel (Holwerd) Protestant Cemetery, Holland.
HEGAN, John Gordon George Age 23 Sergeant  411075   RNZAF 30th June  1942
McGREGOR, Murdoch Gordon Age 23 Sergeant  411079   RNZAF 30th June  1942
MONCRIEF, Eric Francis Sydney Age 25 Sergeant  411087   RNZAF 30th June  1942
RANDLE, Douglas Haig Age 24 Sergeant  405454   RNZAF 30th June  1942
Wierden General Cemetery, Holland.
McCULLOUGH, John   DFC Age 30 Pilot Officer  40410 RNZAF 3rd February  1943
MURPHY, Terence Austin Age 30 Sergeant  413307   RNZAF 3rd February 1943

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning

We will remember them.

 

 

Ake Ake Kia Kaha

Harold Whittington crew 1944

The Whittington crew. Back Row: F/S Andrew Crawford Fletcher, RNZAF, Rear Gunner; F/O Philip Edwin Tompkins, RAFVR, Wireless Operator; Sgt Don W Gore, RAFVR, Flight Engineer; Sgt Alfred Alexander Simpson, RNZAF, Bomb Aimer. Front Row: F/L Joseph Stevens, RAFVR, Navigator; P/O Harold (Dick) Whittington, RNZAF, Pilot; Sgt Ronald John Morton Batty, RAFVR, Mid Upper Gunner.
Photo from Graham Nicholson.

Many thanks to Chris and all those involved in gathering information for this post!

On the 20th/ 21st of July 1944, 75 (NZ) Squadron RAF suffered one of its worst disasters, the loss of seven Lancasters and their crews in the attack on an oil refinery at Homberg. This the story of one of those crews.

Pilot Harold Whittington, from Hamilton, NZ, initially crewed up at No. 11 OTU, Westcott, Buckinghamshire, while training on Vickers Wellingtons.

11 OTU graduation photo, Course 66, 1944 – cropped version below to identify crew members: Back Row: 9th from left – Andrew Crawford Fletcher. Middle Row: 2nd, 3rd and 4th from left – Don W Gore, Alfred Alexander Simpson and Harold Whittington. Front Row: 1st and 2nd from left – Philip E Tompkins, Joseph Stevens and on the end Ronald John Morton Batty.
Photo from Graham Nicholson.

During April the full seven man crew, two Kiwis and four Englishmen, converted to Stirling bombers at 1657 Heavy Conversion Unit, RAF Stradishall, Suffolk. They then spent about a week at Lancaster Finishing School, RAF Feltwell.

 The Whittington crew was posted to No. 75 (NZ) Squadron at Mepal, Cambridgeshire, arriving on the 12th of June 1944, to report for operational duties.

The crew was:
F/S Harold “Dick” Whittington, RNZAF NZ42488 – Pilot.
F/O Joseph Stevens, RAFVR 125607 – Navigator.
Sgt. Alfred Alexander Simpson, RNZAF NZ425112 – Air Bomber.
F/O Phillip Edwin Tompkins, RAFVR 157922 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Don W. Gore, RAFVR 1624691 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Ronald John Morton Batty, RAFVR 548542 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Andrew Crawford Fletcher, RNZAF NZ42675 – Rear Gunner.

As part of his preparation for operations, Whittington flew a second dickie trip to Le Havre on the 14th of June with the McRae crew in Lancaster ND752, AA-O “Oboe”.

ND752 was at the time starring in a short film being made at Mepal, “Maximum Effort”, featuring Eric Witting’s crew.

Then the crew flew their first op’ together on the night of the 15th/16th of June, an attack on the Marshalling Yards at Valenciennes in France.

15/16.6.1944 – Attack Against Valenciennes
Lancaster Mk.III ND756, AA-M
F/S Harold Whittington, RNZAF NZ42488 – Pilot.
F/O Joseph Stevens, RAFVR 125607 – Navigator.
Sgt. Alfred Alexander Simpson, RNZAF NZ425112 – Air Bomber.
F/O Phillip Edwin Tompkins, RAFVR 157922 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. Don W. Gore, RAFVR 1624691 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Ronald John Morton Batty, RAFVR 548542 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Andrew Crawford Fletcher, RNZAF NZ42675 – Rear Gunner.

The crew flew eight more op’s over France, in support of the Normandy invasion, and attacking V1 rocket launching sites:

17.6.44 – ND756, AA-M – Montdidier.
 Jettisoned bombs in the Channel after combat with a Fw190 – claimed as possibly destroyed.

 24/25.6.44 – ND747, AA-T – Rimeux.

 27/28.6.44 – ME691, AA-R – Biennais
The Form 541 says that F/S David Fox RNZAF NZ426065 replaced Andrew Fletcher as R/Gnr for this operation.

2.7.44 – ME691, AA-R – Beauvoir.
Harold Whittington promotion – now listed as W/O.

12.7.44 – ND747, AA-T – Vaires.

15/16.7.44 – ND747, AA-T –  Chalons Sur Marne.

17.7.44 HK562, AA-L – Vaires.
Recalled, refuelled and placed on standby.

18.7.44 HK562, AA-L Cagny.

18/19.7.44 HK562, AA-L Aulnoye.

See the crew’s full operational history here: https://75nzsquadron.wordpress.com/h-whittington-crew-15-6-44/

Then came the fateful Homberg operation on the night of the 20th/21st of July.

A force of 147 Lancasters, including 26 from 75 (NZ) Squadron, and 11 Mosquito’s of 1, 3 and 8 Groups, were dispatched to attack the synthetic oil plant at Homberg (8 mls NE of Düsseldorf). Although the refinery was severely damaged in this attack, aircraft losses were heavy. German night-fighters wrought havoc on the bombers, shooting down 20 aircraft – 13.6 per cent of the attacking force.

20/07/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty six aircraft took off, as detailed, to attack the oil refinery at Homberg. Nineteen aircraft were successful in bombing the target, with the aid of markers, which seemed well concentrated. Two good explosions were seen and smoke came up from the target area. Heavy A.A. fire was moderate, but fighters were very active, eight combats taking place. Seven aircraft failed to return, the captains were AUS22776 W/O. Gilmour, H., NZ428819 F/S. Howell, E., NZ421829 F/S. Mackay, K., NZ422057 F/S. Davidson, N., NZ42488 W/O. Whittington, H., NZ413219 F/S. Roche, G. & NZ414560 P/O. Burtt, H.

Lancaster Mk.I ME691 AA-R

W/O Harold Whittington, RNZAF NZ42488 – Pilot.
F/O Joseph Stevens, RAFVR 125607 – Navigator.
Sgt. Alfred Alexander Simpson, RNZAF NZ425112 – Air Bomber.
P/O Phillip Edwin Tompkins, RAFVR 157922 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. D. W. Gore, RAFVR 1624691 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Ronald John Morton Batty*, RAFVR 548542 – Mid Upper Gunner.
* ORB for this Op lists Sgt. Leslie De’Lungo, RAFVR as Mid Upper Gunner, however the recorded loss of Sgt. Batty clearly identifies this as an error.
F/S Andrew Crawford Fletcher, RNZAF NZ42675 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:35 – Landed –
Flight Time Missing

Lancaster Mk.I ME691 AA-R was brought down by an enemy aircraft at 01:33hrs beside a road near Veghel (Noord Brabant), 4 miles South West of Uden. All but the flight engineer perished in the crash and were buried in the local War Cemetery, Uden. Sgt Gore, the flight engineer, survived but was taken as a P.o.W.

P/O Harold Whittington, RNZAF NZ42488 – Pilot.
Killed age 26.
Son of John Richard and Minnie Whittington, of Hamilton, Auckland, New Zealand.
Buried Uden War Cemetery, Holland.     .
Grave location – 3. I. 2. 203

F/L Joseph Stevens, RAFVR 125607 – Navigator.
Killed age 32.
Son of Joseph and Hilda Stevens, of Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire. M.Sc.
Buried Uden War Cemetery, Holland.     .
Grave location – 5. A. 8. 103
‘Greater love Hath no man than this,
That a man lay down
His life for his friends’

F/S Alfred Alexander Simpson, RNZAF NZ425212 – Air Bomber.
Killed age 28.
Son of Frederick John and Jessie Ann Simpson, of Gisborne, Auckland, New Zealand; husband of Gladys Simpson, of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
Buried Uden War Cemetery, Holland.     .
Grave location – 3. I. 4. 205

F/O Phillip Edwin Tompkins, RAFVR 157922 – Wireless Operator.
Killed age 21.
Son of Edwin George and Gladys Elizabeth Tompkins; of Merton Park, Surrey; husband of Joan Grace Tompkins, of Merton Park.
Buried Uden War Cemetery, Holland.     .
Grave location – 5. A. 10. 105
‘Father, In Thy gracious keeping
Leave we now
Thy servant sleeping’

Sgt. Donald W. Gore, RAFVR 1624691 – Flight Engineer.
P.o.W
Prisoner of War Number: 455
Prison Camps: Dulag Luft, Stalag Luft VII
Date of return to United Kingdom: not known

Sgt. Ronald John Morton Batty, RAF 549542 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Killed age 26.
Buried Uden War Cemetery, Holland.     .
Grave location – 5. A. 9. 104

F/S Andrew Crawford Fletcher, RNZAF NZ42675 – Rear Gunner.
Killed age 24.
Son of Daniel Fletcher and of Jeanie Fletcher (nee McNeill), of Devonport, Auckland, New Zealand; husband of Dorothy May Fletcher, of Devonport, Auckland.
Buried Uden War Cemetery, Holland.     .
Grave location – 5. A. 1. 101

Back in New Zealand, Harold Whittington, Alfred Simpson and Andrew Fletcher were listed as missing.
photos from the Weekly News, via AWMM Online Cenotaph.

It is incredibly sad to note that at least three of  the crew left behind young widows.

Dave Homewood has put together a wonderful record of Andrew Fletcher’s life and full service history on his Wings Over Cambridge website:  http://www.cambridgeairforce.org.nz/Andrew%20Fletcher.htm

F/O Philip Edwin Tompkins, RAFVR, Wireless Operator.
Photo from Graham Nicholson.

Wireless Operator Philip Tompkins was 21, and had married the girl next door, Joan, only two months earlier.

Later, she re-married, and it is her second husband, Graham Nicholson, that we have to thank for these photos of Philip and his crew. Graham (86 at the time) posted about Lancaster ME691 on the Wings Over New Zealand forum a couple of years back, and he and I briefly corresponded by email. He was very keen to share the photos, to make sure that the crew is remembered.

A further postscript can now be added to the story, as the same WONZ thread recently led to contact with Dutch researcher Adrian van Zantvoort. Adrian has long been interested in crash sites in the area where he lives, the South East of The Netherlands.

In 2005, he spotted an article in a local newspaper, the Udens Weekblad, about the discovery of a wartime photo album. This is Adrian’s translation:

Herman du Maine, a citizen from Haarlem, found a shelter from November 1943 until the liberation in September 1944 in a farm at Maria-Heide (a village east of Veghel).  After his death his daughter, Willie Bloks-du Maine, discovered a pile of letters and documents about the war period, and also a photo album with never published pictures.

It took some to getting used to but the stay of Herman went very well. He started with buying postcards and also he got a photo camera and a few rolls of film to take pictures of certain events in his neighbourhood. The pics he took were printed by Johan van Eerd, a photographer from Veghel. Herman started with taking some pics of his fellow hiding comrades. In the night of 20/21 July 1944, a Lancaster bomber crashed on the edge of Maria-Heide village. The cockpit touched the farmhouse which was belonging to the Family A. Vissers. The remainder of the aircraft fell around the farm in a field. Six crew members where killed and buried at Uden War Cemetery. One crew member managed to bale out, but was arrested later and became a POW. Willie Bloks-du Maine said “as soon as he got the chance my Father Herman made a pic of the damaged farm with in front a part of the aircraft”. 

The article was published alongside Herman’s photo of the crash site. Adrian contacted his daughter Willie, and has obtained a copy:

ME691 crash site, with the Vissers family and their damaged farmhouse, 1944. Piece of Lancaster wreckage at left.
Photo from Mr H.F.du Maine, via his Daughter Mrs Willie Bloks-du Maine, and Adrian van Zantvoort.

Adrian is very keen to visit the crash site, although Willie says that the original farmhouse is currently being demolished to make way for a new one. Apparently Mr du Maine only took the one photo, but Mrs Bloks-du Maine has provided a map.

The photo has revealed another piece of fascinating information. The aircraft wreckage lying on the ground at left of the photo is part of the fuselage, from just below the cockpit where the Pilot would be sitting, and there are faint bomb markings and clear writing on it – evidence of nose art and probably a name that was applied to ME691.

The visible lettering is “.. RGAN GRINDER’S SWING”, probably “Organ Grinder’s Swing”. This was a popular song of the 30s and 40s (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_Grinder’s_Swing) and perhaps there is also a humorous reference to the place where the (street entertainer) organ grinder’s monkey sat, ie., the guy who is not really the boss at all.

Referring back to the operational history of the aircraft, Avro Lancaster ME691, AA-R (https://75nzsquadron.wordpress.com/me691/), her first five op’s were flown by W/O Des HORGAN and his crew! So the nose art was probably applied by or for them.

In fact, Des Horgan & crew flew all of their last seven op’s in ME691 before ending their tour (https://75nzsquadron.wordpress.com/horgan-crew-27-8-43-empty/).

There may be more to add to this story, as Adrian continues his research, as I try and track down Andrew Fletcher’s family (he came from Devonport where I live), and as we try and learn about Flight Engineer Don Gore’s POW exploits. Hopefully, someone will see this post and be able to contribute more about the other crew members.

However, in the meantime it is very satisfying to put together the pieces that we do have, in memory of Harold Whittington, Philip Tompkins, Andrew Fletcher and the rest of the crew of Lancaster ME691.

Ake Ake Kia Kaha!

Special thanks to Graham Nicholson, Adrian van Zantvoort, Mrs Willie Bloks-du Maine. Thanks also to Dave Homewood and the fantastic resources and community that he has created and fostered at Wings Over New Zealand and Wings Over Cambridge.

 

Alfred George Daly, RNZAF NZ4211789 – Pilot.

Sad news indeed, has reached me from Paul, son of RIchard Collings, via Ron, of the recent passing of his Father George Daly, a Pilot with 75(NZ) Squadron, on the 25th of February, 2017 at the venerable age of 97.

George and his crew arrived at Mepal on the 8th of June 1945 and thus did not fly Operationally, though they flew twice before the Squadron moved to Spilsby as part of Tiger Force.

18/06/1945 – Viewing the Effects of the Bombing Offensive
5 Aircraft were detailed for viewing the effects of the Bombing Offensive.

Lancaster Mk.III PB132 AA-T

F/S Alfred George Daly, RNZAF NZ4211789 – Pilot.
F/S S. Peterson, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Gordon John Dennis, RNZAF NZ4215822 – Air Bomber.
F/S John Benjamin Garland, RNZAF NZ4216682 – Wireless Operator.
F/S John Sayers , RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Roy Dawkins, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Richard ‘Dick’ Collings, RAFVR 1852784 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:50 – Landed 14:26
Flight Time 04:36

25/06/1945 – Checking German Radar Equipment
21 aircraft were detailed for the Postmortem operation for checking German Radar Equipment. W/O S. Sutherland (JN.K)had to make an early return through flat accumulators, but took off again in JN.T and completed the operation. F/L S. Peryer (JN.V)had a petrol leak and made an early return on three engines.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-O

F/S Alfred George Daly, RNZAF NZ4211789 – Pilot.
F/S S. Peterson, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Gordon John Dennis, RNZAF NZ4215822 – Air Bomber.
F/S John Benjamin Garland, RNZAF NZ4216682 – Wireless Operator.
F/S John Sayers , RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Roy Dawkins, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt Richard ‘Dick’ Collings, RAFVR 1852784 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:57 – Landed 16:05
Flight Time 06:08

I am sure that you will all join with me in offering our most heartfelt condolences to Paul and his family at this sad time.

Paul’s original contact with us was almost 4 years ago, with a request for information on the other members of George’s crew. At the time, we didn’t hear anything, but I wonder whether now, given how the blog has grown, if we now have a chance to learn a little more about the Daly crew…….

Ake Ake Kia Kaha

Roy Akehurst, Wireless Operator – Egglestone crew

Chris has contacted me to pass on the sad news that Roy Akehurst, Wireless Operator with Val Egglestone’s crew has passed away.

Roy and the crew arrived at Mepal on the 19th of December 1944 and completed 29 Ops with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF between the 28th of December 1944 and the 18th of April 1945.

Chris has also passed on the following reference to Roy that is in his Uncle Gerry’s diary:

On the 1st of May 1945, with the end of the war imminent, Gerry received a telegram to return from leave in London to Mepal.

 The next day, he wrote,
“Took the 11.40 to Ely & met Roy Akehurst who also has a recall. Arrived in camp at 2 and the Adj (Adjutant F/L Charles Bewsher) informed us that we are on a signals attachment effort. We have to go to Waterbeach tomorrow & get the lowdown from the Base Signals Officer.”

 As part of the planning for anticipated mass P.o.W repatriation flights from Europe, the Waterbeach Signals Officer told them they were to be posted to Germany to help with flying control. “We are to have a portable R/T set & two mechanics to maintain it.” However, the posting fell through for Gerry, as it was decided that no Dominion aircrew would take part. Instead he was posted to Air Crew Allocation Centre (ACAC) at RAF Catterick, basically a holding camp, and eventually to wait for passage back to NZ.

It is not clear, whether indeed Roy did go to Germany………

Roy’s full tour history with the Squadron can be seen here.

Ake Ake Kia Kaha!

Jack Meehan – Wireless Operator, Glossop crew

jack-meehan

Jack Meehan, Wireless Operator with the Glossop crew
image copyright New Zealand Herald

It is with great sadness that I must report the passing of Jack Meehan, Wireless Operator with the Glossop crew, on the 27th of December.

Jack and the Glossop crew flew out of Mepal with the Squadron between July and December 1944, taking part in Ops to support the Allied invasion of Europe, before switching back to the main bomber campaign against targets in Germany.

Jack’s full obituary in the New Zealand Herald can be read here.

Ake Ake Kia Kaha!

333,333 – a third of a million views………..

third of a million

Albeit a little late, but another MASSIVE milestone was reached on Wednesday night when we clocked up a third of a million views for the blog – utterly fantastic and amazing.

To think, to within a month of it being 5 years since Dad passed away, this ‘thing’ is still going and still adding to the information that we all now have to access regarding 75(NZ) Squadron RAF.

Since the last significant viewer milestone of a quarter of a million views, the posts, thanks to you all have continued and also, the blog from a structural point of view has undergone some significant additions.

In April, I was finally able to publish the fruits of some 4 years work of adding the Form 541’s to a database – physically meaning the addition of Op histories for every crew that flew with the Squadron during and after the War, before the Squadron was disbanded on the 15th of October 1945.

This in itself is a massive addition to the site and as I said at the time, I do not think another record in this format exist for any other Squadron  through the same period.

Not long after I was able to also add the entire set of Combat Reports for the Squadron, transcribed and in numerical order. In time the relevant CR’s will be reproduced where necessary in the Crew pages.

Having said all of this, the site would be fairly dry if it simply existed around the recorded documents that we have. Its depth, incredible scope and movingly personal relevance, is solely  down to you, the readership. Without your contributions, your generosity, your patience and your support, the blog would be a far poorer place.

All the amazing things that have been so generously shared over the last 4 and a half odd years has now, to be slowly moved to the relevant crew pages. The posts will all obviously still exist, but the crew pages will now become the enduring record for the crews that flew, died or survived the Squadron.

I stand by my original view that this record is best placed as it is – digitally, on the web, available to all and able to be constantly updated.

The blog, thanks to you, now has its own critical mass. It is the largest resource online for the Squadron and in real terms, regarding accessible information, is probably also simply the largest physical resource, full stop. Long may this continue, I see no reason why it will not.

Thank you to you all – to all of the relatives and interested parties who have continued to care enough to bring new material to us. A massive and continuing thanks to Chris Newey, not only for his excellently researched posts, but also for his council and for, from time to time, being an ear I scream down when things start annoying me. A continuing thanks also to Peter Wheeler and the New Zealand Bomber Command Association/ Archive for continuing to provide access to Chris for all things 75(NZ) related.

WE have got this far, because WE, collectively have had the will and want to do this. WE will carry on and make sure that THEY will never be forgotten………..

 

AKE AKE KIA KAHA

 

Trevor Dill, Navigator – Williams crew 1943

75 squadron Mepal 1943 left to right Speedie Williams pilot,Ivon Kate RG,Shorty Carson B:A, Taffy Williams W:OP, Trevor nav < Dicky F:E and Billy M:UG

The Williams crew, RAF Mepal, 75(NZ) Squadron RAF, 1943
From L to R: Hilton Clifford ‘Speed’ Williams (Pilot), Ivon George Kaye (Rear Gunner), Adrian Leslie Bernard ‘Shorty’ Carson (Air Bomber), ‘Taffy Williams (Wireless Operator), Trevor Dill (Navigator), ‘Dicky ‘Dickinson (Flight Engineer) and William ‘Billy’ Hemsley (Mid Upper Gunner)
© New Zealand Bomber Command Association Archive and/or others.

The sad news has reached me, via the New Zealand Bomber Command Association Facebook page of the passing of Trevor Dill, Navigator with ‘Speedy Williams’ crew.

Trevor and his crew began Operations on the 27th of April 1943 with what seemed like the almost standard first sortie to lay mines in the Frisian Islands – 27 Ops later a final trip to Bremen on the 8th of October saw the boys stay with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF come to an end, but then to continue with 7 Squadron PFF.

I have taken the liberty of reproducing the above picture, also presented on the NZBCA Facebook page today to record Trevor’s passing – on his 95th birthday.

From the New Zealand Herald’s obituary section, the following:

“DILL, Trevor Gordon. Service No NZ 42292 Flight Lieutenant, DFM, mid, 75 NZ sqdn UK, 7 PFF sqdn UK. WWII. Passed away peacefully 28th June 2016 at home on his 95th birthday. Dearly loved husband of Jessie (war bride, England) who walked with me for 69 years. “I cannot bear to part from you, We’ve been so long together. You’ve travelled with me on life’s road, no matter what the weather. You’ve never gave me cause for pain, Though days were sad and rough. Just walking with you, seemed to be enough.Together we’ve climbed hills and mountains And paddled in the sea, But you, my loved and trusted mate, Were always true to me. We’ve both grown old and shabby, But you I’ll hate to lose, You’ve grown a part of me.” Much loved father and father- in-law of Malcolm, Janice and Brian, Denise and Robin, Jeanette and Henk, Richard and Debbie. Dad you leave us with lasting memories of hiking, camping and world travel adventures. An active and ‘loads of fun’ Poppa for the grandchildren. Phillipa, Alice and Fred, Sean and Liam, Eva and Daniel, Daniel, Morgan and Kyran. The best story-teller for the great-grandchildren. Regan, Mariska, Carlos, and Dominic, Hannah and Sarah, Luca, Kaylin.

A celebration of Trevor’s life will be held at Ranfurly Hall, Kaipara Flats Road, Kaipara Flats on Monday 4th July at 1:00 pm followed by private cremation.”

 

Ake AKe Kia Kaha!

 

View the ‘Speedy’ Williams crew history here.

Alfred George Humphreys RAAF AUS.413157 – Pilot

then and now portraits copy

Alfred George Humphreys, Pilot with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF. © Alfred Humphreys/ John Humphreys

It is with great sadness that I must announce another significant addition to the Crew Op Histories section of the blog and with it, record the passing of another of the brave boys who flew with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF. This time it is Alfred George Humphreys, RAAF, who flew with the Squadron from Mepal between 1943 and 1944.

John, his son, contacted me and passed on a personal account of Alf’s time in training, Operations with 75(NZ) and subsequent War-time experiences as an Instructor.

Sadly, 10 days later Alf passed away.

In December of 2015, Alf was one of 5 veterans to be awarded the Légion d’Honneur by the French Ambassador to Australia. His award was featured in the Australian press (see below). Alf captured in so few words the events of the Op with 75(NZ) Squadron RAF on the 21st of May 1944 on the return from Duisberg, when their Lancaster was attacked be an Me,110.

“We were badly shot up by fighter aircraft. My navigator was wounded, we had one engine out and there was a hole in the plane where my parachute fell out – I told the crew to bale out and they said they would stay. We had to fly 100 miles across the North Sea to get back to our base at Mepal in Cambridgeshire….”

Read a more detailed account of this Op, as well personal anecdotes of his time with the Squadron on the Humphreys Crew Op page here.

Alf Humphreys Medal of Honour. tidied and cropped

The article that appeared in the Leader
piece supplied by John Humphreys

 

Ake Ake Kia Kaha!

P/O Trafford McRae Nicol and the Jarman crew, 1942

Fernie-1stJarmanCrew[4]

The first Jarman crew, in front of Vickers Wellington X3636, AA-R, probably March 1942.
Back row, L-R: John Fernie, Wireless Operator, Trafford Nicol, 2nd Pilot, Eric Jarman, Captain, Stanley Hall, Navigator.
Front, L-R: Jim Harris, Rear Gunner, Ron Davey, Front Gunner / Bomb Aimer.
– NZ Bomber Command Assn, Stan Brooks collection, via Anna Rhodes-Sayer.

Thanks as always to Chris and special thanks to James and Barbara Ogilvie and the Nicol family for sharing these photos and their own research. Thanks to Anna Rhodes-Sayer and the NZ Bomber Command Assn for permission to reproduce the main crew photo.

Trafford McRae Nicol was born in 1921, son of James Alexander & Louisa Clara Nicol who lived in Inglis St., Seatoun, Wellington, New Zealand.

He went to school at Rongotai College, and Wellington College, and enlisted in the RNZAF in early 1941, aged 20, undergoing Initial Training (probably at Levin), then pilot training at No. 2 Service Flying Training School (2 SFTS), Woodbourne.

TraffordMcRNicol-Course14BWoodbourne[3]

Graduation photo for No. 14B (War) Course, 2S.F.T.S., Woodbourne, 1941. Trafford Nicol, back row, second from right.
– Barbara Ogilvie.

Five other 75 (NZ) Squadron pilots appear in this group:

– middle row left, Graham Murdoch, whose path closely followed Trafford’s (see below);
– next to him, Alan Tolley, lost with all the crew of Stirling BF506, AA-P on 21st April 1943 in a raid on Rostock ;
– front row left, a very young Cyril “Mac” Baigent, DSO, DFC, AFC, later to become Wing Commander and Commanding Officer of 75, the youngest CO in Bomber Command;
– next to him, John McCullough, DFC, lost with Stirling BK604, AA-S on 3 Feb 1943.
– William Horne, who flew 2nd Pilot with S/L Ray Newton.

Trafford then sailed to England, and went through Operational Training at 12 O.T.U, Chipping Warden:

TraffordMcRNicol-23CourseChippingWarden[3]

No. 23 Course – Pilots – Chipping Warden, UK, December 1941.
Back row, L-R: 3. Rip Rogers (+), 4. Johnny Wilmshurst (missing), 5. Cyril Wrightson (+).
Middle row, L-R: 4. ? Buller (+), 6. Roy Willson (+).
Front row, L-R: 1. Roy Spear (missing), 2. Jim Cowan (missing), 3. Trafford Nicol (+), 4. Stinker Murdoch (+), 8. John Keenberg, 9. Ric Richardson (+), 10. Rupert Smith (missing).
– Barbara Ogilvie.

Again, several of the pilots named in this photo went on to serve with 75 (NZ) Sqdn.

Sgt Johnny Wilmshurst was lost with all his crew on a daylight op’ to Duisburg on the 10th of July.

Incredibly, P/O Graham “Stinker” Murdoch and P/O Rupert John Smith, both died on the same night captaining separate aircraft, both with all crew lost, on the 9th of June during a raid on Essen.

And equally incredible, Sgt Cyril Wrightson died flying 2nd Pilot with F/S Mahood, with all crew lost, on the night of the 22nd/23rd of April during a raid on Cologne, the same operation that resulted in Trafford Nicol’s death.

75 (NZ) Squadron Operational Record Book,  Form 540, March 1942: P/O Nicol, T.M. Posted to this unit from No, 12 O.T.U w.e.f. 10.3.42

Trafford was posted in from 12 OTU on the 10th of March, together P/O Graham Murdoch, and must have joined Eric Jarman’s crew within a day or two.

Sgt Eric “Rick” or “Riki” Jarman came from Yeppoon, in Queensland, Australia, and was a clerk at Rockhampton before he enlisted in the RAAF in September, 1940.

He had arrived at 75 (NZ) Sqdn in November the previous year, and had been flying as 2nd Pilot with S/L Peter Kitchin. The squadron had flown very few operations during this period as Bomber Command re-assessed strategies after a disastrous Berlin raid on 7/8 November, and then as 75 became busy training and converting from the 1C Wellingtons to the new Mark IIIs.

Jarman carried out his first Night Flying Test as Captain of his own aircraft on 9 March, a 15 minute flight in Wellington III  X3587, AA-P.

The Jarman crew were:
Sgt Eric George Delancey Jarman, RAAF AUS404507 – Pilot
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol, RNZAF NZ411929 – 2nd Pilot
Sgt Stanley Frederick Hall, RNZAF NZ402182 – Navigator
Sgt John Alexander Fernie, RAF 980003 – Wireless Operator
Sgt Ron S. Davey, RAF – Front Gunner / Bomb Aimer
Sgt Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner

Stanley Hall and Richard Harris had arrived separately on Squadron only a week or so earlier, but John Fernie and Ron Davey had been on the Squadron since November the previous year.

Fernie originally crewed up with Sgt Robert Arthur Colville RNZAF, and had already flown 7 op’s.

He had very fortunately not been on board when Colville took Wellington X3355, AA-Y up for an air test on 28 February, although as was the norm at the time, four ground crew had gone along for the ride. Just after take-off, Colville lost his starboard engine, and then as he attempted to turn back to the airfield to make an emergency landing, the port engine failed as well. The aircraft crashed near Lakenheath, killing two of the ground crew, and leaving the 2nd Pilot Sgt Woodham fatally injured. Colville and the other two ground crew were seriously injured, Colville almost losing both legs.

Davey had flown 2 op’s with Sgt Giddens, but for some reason Giddens left the Squadron in December. Davey may have trained with other crews during January and February.

RIck Jarman flew his first Op as skipper on the 13th March 1943, bombing targets at Dunkirk. Twelve days later, Trafford Nichol would join the crew as 2nd Pilot for an OP to Essen and St.Nazaire on the 25th of March.

The Jarman crew would fly a further 7 Ops, before they boarded Wellington Mk.III X.3487 AA-O on the 22nd of April, that night flying to Cologne.

22/04/1942 – Operations – Attack Against Targets at Cologne
Ten Well.III a\c were detailed attack the above targets. Bomb load of 4000lbs, 100lbs, 500lbs, 250lbs, 30lb and 4lb incendiaries was dropped in the target area but no results seen owing to cloud. There were only a few searchlights active and A.A. fire was slight. Well.III, X3487 captained by P/O Jarman was attacked by a JU.88 which attacked once and broke away to port. The results of this short attack were however serious the second pilot, P/O Nicol being mortally wounded, the rear gunner Sgt. Harris being killed and the Navigator Sgt. Taylor and W/Op. Sgt. Fernie were wounded. The bomb load was not dropped on the target but was dropped in the sea. The a/c was brought back to base and crash landed. Well.III, X3705, captained by F/S. McLachlan, was also attacked and the second pilot killed (P/O. Fountain) and Sgt. Tutty was wounded. F/Sgt. McLachlan managed to reach base and crash land.

Wellington Mk.III X.3487 AA-O
a/c shot up by JU88 and crash landed on return. Sgt. Harris was killed in the attack. P/O Nicol died of injuries the day after

P/O Eric George Delancey ‘Rick/ Riki’  Jarman , RAAF AUS.404507 – Pilot.
P/O Trafford McRae Nicol RNZAF NZ411929 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. William Henderson Taylor, RAFVR 1051621/ 122053 – Navigator.
Sgt. John Alexander Fernie, RAFVR 980003/ 127783 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R.S. Davey, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
Sgt. Richard James Harris, RNZAF NZ402999 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 04:40
Flight Time 06:25

Feltwell Station Log Wednesday 23rd April 1942: “0442 O.75 crash-landed (18th) last A/c.”

Rick Jarman was awarded the DFC for his part in the incident:
DFC citation E.G.D. Jarman, RAAF:
Citation DFC (Imm) (15 May 1942) “One night in April 1942 this officer was the captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Cologne. Whilst over the target area, the aircraft was hit by shellfire and sustained damage. The navigator, wireless operator and front gunner were injured, but despite this, Pilot Officer Jarman flew on to make his attack. On the return journey it was discovered that a bomb had not fallen owing to the damage caused by the enemy’s shellfire whereupon Pilot Officer Jarman altered course and headed for the North Sea so that the bomb could be jettisoned. Before reaching the sea, however, his aircraft was subjected to an attack by an enemy fighter whose fire killed the rear gunner, wounded the second pilot and inflicted further damage on the aircraft. Skilfully controlling the bomber Pilot Officer Jarman continued his flight and after jettisoning the bomb in the sea, he finally reached this country where he made a safe landing with the undercarriage retracted.”

They crash-landed at 4:40 in the morning. Trafford was badly wounded, and passed away later that day.

From “New Zealanders in the Air War”, by Alan Mitchell:

On these five operations only one aircraft was lost, but several injured men were brought back. One, Pilot Officer T. McRae Nicol, of Welling­ton, had been badly hit in the abdomen by shell-splinters. He was in great pain when they lifted him tenderly from the aircraft into the ambulance, but he had a smile for Olson.

I’ve got a guts full of lead, sir,” he told the CO., almost proudly. Morphia eased the rack of the pain, but although he probably knew he had little chance of survival, he remained cheerful until he died.

Trafford’s niece, Barbara remembers reading a letter from the Squadron’s Chaplin to Trafford’s parents saying that Trafford was a great leader, was always so positive and one of his favourites.  The letter also said that a WAAF had given Trafford a cup of hot tea before he was removed from his Wellington, and that the hot tea may have caused more damage to his stomach.  Barbara says she always thought that it was funny how her uncle died in the war from a hot cup of tea…….

Trafford was buried with full military honours at Feltwell’s St. Nicholas Churchyard, Row C Grave 11, on the 29th of April.

His crewmate Jim Harris was buried the same day at St. Nicholas Churchyard, Row B Grave 11.
 
Returning from the same Cologne operation in the early hours of 23 April, another night fighter had attacked the McLachlan crew’s Wellington X3705, AA-F, killing 2nd Pilot P/O Cedric Fountain, RNZAF (NZ41981). They also struggled to reach Base, and had crash-landed at Feltwell about an hour before the Jarman crew.  Trafford, Jim and Cedric were all buried at St Nicholas Churchyard on the same day, and the photograph of the funeral party suggests that the three airmen were taken on the same carriage:

TraffordMcRNicol-Funeral-Felwell-27May1942[3]

P/O Trafford Nicol’s funeral, Feltwell, 29 June 1942.
– Barbara Ogilvie.

Rick Jarman eventually flew 41 op’s to complete his tour with 75 (NZ) Squadron on 3 August, and after a stint instructing at 27 OTU, went on to a second tour with 460 Squadron. He was promoted to Squadron Leader, but sadly on their 9th op’, he and 5 of his crew were lost over Germany on 28 April 1944. The crew is immortalised in a famous painting, “Bomber Crew”, which was still being worked on by the artist when they were shot down.

Trevor Smith went on to skipper his own aircraft, but was lost with all his crew on the 9th of July, during a raid on Wilhelmshaven. Fernie and Chunn survived the war.

– Read more about the events of the night of 22nd /23rd of April, within a post about Feltwell Cemetery here  (about half way down the post)

To read the crew history in full, please click here to be taken to the Jarman crew Op history page.

Again, special thanks to James and Barbara Ogilvie and the Nicol family for sharing these photos and their own research. Thanks to Anna Rhodes-Sayer and the NZ Bomber Command Assn for permission to reproduce the main crew photo

 

The Stirling from Enter – Remembering the McCullough crew – Wierden Cemetery

12 cropped

4 of the crew of BK.604 AA-S – “the Stirling from Enter”
from left to right: P/O John McCullough – Pilot, Sgt. Francis Frederick Allen – Flight Engineer, Sgt. Paul Rodney Trevayne – Rear Gunner and Terence Austin Murphy – Air Bomber.
Wierden Cemetery

Many thanks to Russell for passing on the following information from Kees Kroon regarding a ceremony of remembrance that took place last Thursday at Wierden Cemetery, in Holland.

Whilst the ceremony remembered 25 airmen that rest in the cemetery, special interest went to the 4 crew of Stirling Mk.I BK.604 AA-S, who lost their lives whilst participating in Operations against Hamburg on the 3rd of February 1943.

Poppies from Down Under in Wierden.

On Thursday 21 April 2016 at 13.30 hrs. about 25 interested people came together at the old cemetery in Wierden to witness the ceremony of commemoration for the 25 airmen resting in Wierden, especially for those from the Short Stirling bomber from no. 75(NZ) Squadron RAF. This aircraft was shot down in the night from 3rd to 4th of February 1943 and crashed at the Goorseweg in Enter. Four crew members lost their lives and rest in Wierden, the other four became prisoners of war.

Among those present were representatives from the community council and Historical Association from Wierden and from the R.Nl.A.F. Association. They were joined by the pupils from group 7/8 (age 10 – 12) from Immanuel school Wierden which has adopted the graves bringing a floral tribute every year. Originally this ceremony was planned on ANZAC-Day (25 April) but due to the school holiday that week is was moved some days forward.

Organizer and master of ceremony was Mr. Kees Kroon, board member of the HKW, the Historical Association Wederden (the old name for Wierden) and president of the regional department of the Royal Netherlands Air Force Association.

Mrs. Ria Broeze, president of the HKW, welcomed all present (especially the school children and emphasised the importance of remembering those who gave their lives for our freedom, one of the many items that the HKW carries high in its banner.

Her speech was followed a short explanation from Kees Kroon, about the ceremony and how things had developed during the past months after he and Mr. Diederick ten Brinke (from Enter) had met and had discovered that they had very much in common regarding the air war 1940-1945. Diederick has been in contact for many years with relatives of sergeant Terence (Terry) Murphy, Air Bomber of the “Stirling-from-Enter” and collected a tremendous amount of detailed information about the bomber and its crew, a truly magnificent accomplishment. To this information was added what was known by the Hist. Ass., keeping the Murphy-family informed step by step.

This resulted  in a letter of gratitude from the Murphy-family to the children of group 7/8 of the Immanuel school which was presented to them a few weeks ago and which was greatly appreciated.

After these introductions Diederick ten Brinke gave an very detailed and revealing reproduction of the events that led tot he crash of the bomber. The target, the way the Stirling was attacked and shot down, the fate of the crew members, the “German side of the event, everything was explained in detail an illustrated by pictures giving all present a very good idea of what happened on that fateful night. Perfect research, resulting in a very moving story that was listened to with great attention and that was highly appreciated.

Next step was the distribution of 25 poppies (for the 25 fallen airmen resting in Wierden) to the children plus representatives of the community council and Hist. Association from Wierden, after which these were placed on the graves. This was followed by one minute of silence, both very dignified and emotional events.

In total the Murphy-family and NZ-RSA send 50 poppies and the remaining 25 ones were given tot he pupils, a gesture that was received with great enthusiasm and a stimulus for the school to maintain the yearly floral tribute to the fallen airmen for many years to come.

Kees Kroon emphasized that contact with other relatives of crew members from the “Stirling from Enter” have been found and contacted, may be resulting in further developments and Ria Broeze closed this short, but dignified and moving ceremony with many thanks to all present (especially the children) and a very appropriate poem, with an invitation for coffee/tea at the Historical Association nearby.

cermony 6 image comp

From top to bottom: Wierden Cemetery, Kees Kroon, Ria Broeze and Diederick ten Brinke conduct the ceremony in front of assembled crowd, local school children take and place poppies on the graves of all 25 airmen who rest in the cemetery.

In writing this post it strikes me simultaneously that this sort of  ceremony, with this level of local engagement takes place in many locations in Europe and it would be nice to hear from anybody who does this sort of thing.

Simultaneously, it makes me wonder if the same is done in this country in the towns and villages where airmen lay – if it’s not, I think it should be. Perhaps if someone reads this and shares my opinion, click here to see the location of 75(NZ) Squadron airmen who lay at rest in the UK.

ANZAC Day 2016

https://i1.wp.com/www.cityofsydneyrsl.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/anzac-day.jpg

Those heroes that shed their blood
And lost their lives.
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies
And the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side
Here in this country of ours.
You, the mothers,
Who sent their sons from far away countries
Wipe away your tears,
Your sons are now lying in our bosom
And are in peace
After having lost their lives on this land they have
Become our sons as well.

In the spirit of ANZAC day and the opportunity it provides for us to remember the fallen, I wish to announce a significant addition to the blogsite.

What now must be about three and a half years ago I began to slowly transcribe the contents of the Form 541 ‘Details of work carried out‘. Broadly speaking, for those of you that are not familiar with the physical contents of the Squadron Operational Record Books, that I often mention, FORM 541 lists all aircraft and crews that took part in all Ops throughout the period of the War.

The transcription from these forms to a database has been good and bad. It has been very useful and efficient regarding individual queries about crew, but it has also been, at times, a right royal pain in the arse……….

Now that I try to remember the various ‘stages’ of completion I outlined over the last 3 years, I can now, to be honest, not recall a single one.

Suffice to say, in broad strokes, it is now done.

We now have, online, for all to look through and perhaps add to, an Operational history for every crew that flew Ops between 1940 and 1945. By extrapolation, we also therefore have a record of every Op that every individual undertook throughout the same period.

Each year can be viewed through each of the following respective links:

Crews starting 1940.
Crews starting 1941.
Crews starting 1942.
Crews starting 1943.
Crews starting 1944.
Crews starting 1945.

By Navigation each year can alternatively be accessed from the top menu under ’75(NZ) Squadron RAF’ and then from that drop menu under ’75(NZ) Squadron RAF Crews’

No such collection exists anywhere else on the web for 75(NZ) Squadron RAF and to the best of my knowledge, I think, it may be unique as a ‘fixed’ collection, as opposed to a dynamic search and return data based approach for any Squadron from the War.

The ordering and layout may undergo some subtle changes as we move forward, but I have applied the following approach.

Each crew is placed, relative to their first Operational sortie. This is important to note because there may be situations when a Pilot begun flying as a ‘2nd Dickie’ in one year, but began flying with ‘his’ crew in another.

Because each history exists on its own page, a rule and structure had to be decided on and in keeping with  protocols within the documents these histories were built from, this is the Pilot.

I appreciate if an individual possibly flew with a number of crews, this might make the tracing of their history a little circuitous, but if it proves that problematic, I am happy on contact to generate a ‘custom’ individual history directly from the database.

The creation of these pages means broadly 2 things:
1. Visitors can search and access crew histories.
2. Information can be added to these pages as it is donated.

The blog will obviously continue as the main method of communication information, but I have become aware as information has increased, that a blog post becomes quite unwieldy regarding a long and detailed Op history.

In the future, a new post about a crew, or individual,  will contain perhaps one or two images and a broad outline of the crew, but a link will be placed to take an interested reader to that crew’s Op history page.

In this way, relatives will have a single static location to visit regarding information on their loved ones.

Perhaps in the spirit of today’s remembrance, I would also note that even though we may never receive new information on a particular crew, their bravery and participation now exists as a permanent record for all to find and read – none of those brave boys will be forgotten……..

This project continues and is certainly not (if it ever will be) complete. There is more information to gather from official documents, more (I am sure) contacts to be made with relatives and the process of adding to each page what currently exists in the 600+ posts the blog already contains. As a matter of relative priority the next project is to ensure loss and burial details are added to all pages where a crew, or crew member was lost.

I am sure there are buried within the many pages, mistakes and errors – I would simply ask, that in the same spirit that I have taken regarding making my last three and a half years efforts accessible to all, others who might have information and corrections, share them to refine and improve the database – if knowledge is not shared – it has no value.

I must also, belatedly, thank you all for your continuing support and the passing of the amazing milestone of 300,000 views – daily traffic, despite my relative silence over the last few months means a great deal to me and I know i have to get back to my email and respond to what is a sizable list of contacts – I will get to you all !

Looking back, I have to be honest and say it’s been a day to day struggle to deal with things over the last few months, but despite this, the blog keeps on being visited and people keep reaching out – and its this that keeps me going – thanks to you all.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

 

Ake AKe Kia Kaha

1982 75 NZ. Squadron Association Commemorative Cover

letter envelope032 cropped add removed red fro blog

Browsing through the tempting pages of eBay – as you do – I came across this nice little commemorative cover that was created to record the 1982 75 NZ. Squadron Association, UK Branch reunion.

I have never come across one of these before – perhaps simply as I have not been looking in the right place. But having found it, I see that there are several more available through various sellers. I have taken the liberty of digitally removing the name and address of the recipient of this particular cover, suffice to say it was addressed to a ‘Miss L. Hendry’ in Brighton.

I am not sure if Miss Hendry is related to Digger Hendry, Wynn Russell’s Air Bomber – but if anybody knows her identity, or relationship to the Squadron, I would obviously be fascinated to find out.

The nice touch, obviously is the signature by Cyrus Kay, C/O of 75(NZ) Squadron RAF. You can read about W/C Cyril Kay here.

The story of the Jimmy Ward’s heroic actions that resulted in W/C Kay commendation for the Victoria Cross can be read here, a short interview with Sgt. Ward can be seen here and pictures of the aircraft involved can be seen here.

Apart from this, I must confess I don’t know much more about the 1982 reunion, so would welcome any comments on this post regarding details, attendees etc.

William Caster, Mid Upper Gunner – Gray crew 1944

I have received the sad news that Bill Caster, Mid Upper Gunner with Alex Gray’s crew has passed away.

Bill and the boys arrived at Mepal on the 9th of March 1944 and over the following 6 months completed a total of 33 Ops, in both Stirling and Lancasters. The Grey crew undertook Mining operations during the swansong of the Stirling with the Squadron before converting to Lancasters and then participation in Ops in support of the allied invasion of Europe, before moving back to main War Ops, including the infamous 20th of July, Homberg Op where the Squadron lost 7 aircraft.

As a tribute to Bill and his crew, their Op history is listed below:

21/03/1944 – Mining off Cherbourg
Two aircraft were detailed to lay mines off Cherbourg, but one was unsuccessful owing to the failure of navigational aids.

Stirling Mk.III EF233

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S J. Coucher, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:35 – Landed 22:00
Flight Time 02:25

22/03/1944 – Mining in Kiel Bay
Six aircraft were detailed to lay mines in Kiel Bay. Only four took off, but they completed their sorties successfully.

Stirling Mk.III EF233

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S J. Coucher, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:20 – Landed 00:20
Flight Time 06:00

30/03/1944 – Mining of the coast of Holland
Two aircraft were detailed to lay mines off the coast of Denmark and two off Le Havre. All were successful in clear weather and the trips were uneventful.

Stirling Mk.III EF207

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt G. Tedman, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 02:20 – Landed 04:50
Flight Time 02:30

18/04/1944 – Attack Against Rouen
Ten Lancasters were also detailed to bomb the marshalling yards at Rouen, one was withdrawn, but the remaining nine attacked in clear weather with ground haze.

Lancaster Mk.III ND802 JN-D “The Flying Scotsman’

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Andrews, RAFVR 1129988 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:55 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 04:30

24/04/1944 – Attack Against Karlsruhe
Sixteen aircraft were detailed to attack Karlsruhe. One was withdrawn but the remainder carried out a successful attack with little opposition.

Lancaster Mk.III ND908 JN-M

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 04:20
Flight Time 05:50

26/04/1944 – Attack Against Essen
Fifteen aircraft (Lancasters) were detailed to attack Essen. Two were withdrawn, but the remaining thirteen took part in a successful and very concentrated attack. The defences were considered to be moderate and all the aircraft returned safely.

Lancaster Mk.I R5692 JN-P

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:25 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 04:25

01/05/1944 – Attack Against Chambly
Sixteen aircraft were detailed to attack the marshalling yards at Chambly. Fifteen of these successfully attacked in clear weather, bombing being accurate. Two brief encounters with enemy aircraft took place and resulted in one being possibly damaged. One of our aircraft (Captain NZ41362 F/L. A/S/L. E.W. Sachtler) failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.III ND768 AA-F “Freddie”

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:50 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 03:30

07/05/1944 – Attack Against Chateau Bolgon Aerodrome
Ten aircraft were detailed to attack Chateau Bougon aerodrome near Nantes. All aircraft successfully attacked in clear weather and bombing was concentrated.

Lancaster Mk.III ND908 JN-M

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 00:25 – Landed 05:50
Flight Time 05:25

10/05/1944 – Attack Against Courtrai
Twenty three aircraft successfully bombed the marshalling yards at Courtrai. A concentrated attack was made with very slight opposition. One aircraft (Captain NZ413043 A/S/L. L. Drummond) was hit by A.A. Fire on the return journey and the Captain received slight injuries.

Lancaster Mk.I R5692 JN-P

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:13 – Landed 00:50
Flight Time 02:37

11/05/1944 – Attack Against Louvain
Twenty-four aircraft, representing the largest number of Lancaster aircraft so far detailed by this Squadron, were despatched to attack the marshalling yards at Louvain. Twenty-three aircraft successfully attacked in good weather. One aircraft (Captain NZ414591 A/F/L. S. Clark) claimed a JU 88 destroyed in combat over the North Sea. Another aircraft (Captain 151118 A/F/L. D. Warren) failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
P/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:50 – Landed 01:30
Flight Time 02:40

24/05/1944 – Attack Against Boulogne
Thirteen aircraft were detailed to attack Aachen and eleven to attack a target at Boulogne. They all were successful in attacking their respective targets and good concentrated bombing was reported. Two aircraft attacking Aachen had combats with enemy aircraft, NZ40750 F/L. R. Berney claiming the destruction of an enemy night fighter and 170664 P/O. T. Buckley claimed strikes on a F.W. 190. There was no opposition from the Boulogne target.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
Sgt. B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 00:20 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 01:50

27/05/1944 – Attack Against Aachen
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Aachen, one of which returned early and two failed to return (Captains NZ414971 F/L. S. Fauvel and NZ421105 Sgt. Scott, F.). The remaining fifteen successfully bombed the target in clear weather, one aircraft (Captain NZ40750 F/L. R. Berney) had five successive inconclusive combats with an ME 410 in the Courtrai area.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 00:45 – Landed 04:15
Flight Time 03:30

31/05/1944 – Attack Against Trappes
Twenty four aircraft were despatched to attack the marshalling yards at Trappes. One was withdrawn and another returned early through technical trouble. The remainder, however, bombed in good visibility, reporting an accurate attack. One aircraft (Captain NZ422098 P/O. L. Bonisch) had a combat with an enemy aircraft which was seen to be shot down by another of our aircraft.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:59 – Landed 01:04
Flight Time 01:05

02/06/1944 – Attack Against Wissant
Fifteen aircraft were detailed to attack a target at Wissant, N. France. Owing to thick cloud over the target, twelve aircraft were unable to identify the markers and brought their bombs back. No opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III ND911 JN-V

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 01:15 – Landed 03:20
Flight Time 02:05

04/06/1944 – Mining off the Hook of Holland
Three aircraft were detailed for mine laying, one off Calais, one off the Belgian coast, and the third off the Hook of Holland. All aircraft successfully dropped their mines in the allotted areas without incident.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 02:25 – Landed 04:25
Flight Time 02:00

05/06/1944 – Attack Against Ouistreham
The target for No.3 Group was the coastal battery at Ouistreham in N. France. This target, and others in the same area were attacked by strong forces of Bomber Command aircraft immediately prior to the Anglo-American Invasion of the Continent. Twenty six aircraft from this Squadron participated and all were successful in bombing their target with the aid of markers. Opposition was very slight.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 03:40 – Landed 07:10
Flight Time 03:30

06/06/1944 – Attack Against Lisieux
Twenty four aircraft took off, as detailed, to attack a target at Lisieux, in support of the invading forces which were establishing a bridge head in Normandy. All aircraft successfully bombed the target and an accurate attack was reported. Only slight opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 00:01 – Landed 03:16
Flight Time 03:15

08/06/1944 – Attack Against Fougeres
Twenty aircraft took off as detailed to attack Fougeres in N. France. Nineteen aircraft bombed successfully, one bringing its bombs back owing to the Bomb sight being unserviceable when over the target area. Two aircraft had inconclusive combats with enemy aircraft, but the remainder carried out their mission without incident, there being no opposition in the target area.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 04:30

10/06/1944 – Attack Against Dreux
Of the twenty four aircraft detailed to bomb Dreux, twenty two successfully attacked in good weather, the marshalling yards being visually identified until they were obscured by smoke. One aircraft had an inconclusive combat with a JU.88. The aircrafts captained by NZ422098 P/O. L. Bonisch and NZ422267 F/S. Donaghy, T. failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:05 – Landed 03:45
Flight Time 04:40

11/06/1944 – Attack Against Nantes
Seventeen aircraft were detailed to attack a military target at Nantes. All aircraft successfully bombing the target. Large fires and explosions were reported. Intense light A.A. Fire was encountered in the target area. the aircraft captained by NZ421072 P/O. C. McCardle, shortly after leaving the target area, was damaged by what is now thought to have been a light A.A. Shell exploding in the cockpit. The Captain received severe injuries and the Flight Engineer Sgt. Benfold, R., superficial injuries. The Air Bomber, AUS410489 W/O. Hurse, A. took over the controls, and with the assistance of the Navigator NZ4310159 F/O. A. Zillwood, brought the aircraft safely back to this country, where a perfect landing was executed.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:50 – Landed 05:20
Flight Time 05:30

14/06/1944 – Attack Against Le Havre
Twenty six aircraft were detailed to attack shipping in the port area of Le Havre. Twenty five aircraft attacked and a very concentrated and accurate raid resulted. Fires from an earlier attack were still burning when our aircraft were over the target. One aircraft returned early owing to engine trouble. Opposition was slight.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O John Murray Watts, RNZAF NZ427239 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:35 – Landed 01:35
Flight Time 02:00

15/06/1944 – Attack Against Valenciennes
Twenty four aircraft took off as detailed to attack the Marshalling Yards at Valenciennes. Twenty three aircraft attacked the primary target with the aid of markers. A.A. Fire was very slight, but fighters were active, two of our aircraft having combats with enemy aircraft. The aircraft captained by 175311 P/O. C. Crawford claimed hits on an enemy fighter, but sustained serious damage itself, the pilot, however, was able to land safely at Manstone. The aircraft captained by NZ421495 F/S. Betley, R. failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O John Murray Watts, RNZAF NZ427239 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:00 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 03:20

21/06/1944 – Attack Against Domleger
Twenty three aircraft were detailed to attack the constructional works at Domleger during daylight. Two aircraft failed to take off and the remainder were unable [to] locate the target, the markers not being visible owing to 10/10th cloud. they were instructed by the master bomber to abandon their mission, and apart from some aircraft which jettisoned their load, bombs were brought back. Opposition was very slight.

Lancaster Mk.III ND747 AA-T

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:00 – Landed 20:50
Flight Time 02:50

23/06/1944 – Attack Against L’Hey
Twenty aircraft were detailed to attack the constructional works at L’Hey. All crews bombed on instructions from the Master bomber, and the glow of fires seen through clouds indicated a concentrated raid. Opposition was very slight, although one aircraft had an inconclusive combat with two enemy fighters.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:00 – Landed 01:45
Flight Time 02:45

24/06/1944 – Attack Against Rimeux
Twenty five aircraft took off as detailed to attack the constructional works at Rimeux. Twenty four crews bombed successfully with the aid of markers, and an accurate raid was reported.   There were numerous searchlights in action, but the A.A. opposition was not serious. The aircraft captained by NZ424788 F/S. Bateson, B. failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:25 – Landed 02:00
Flight Time 02:35

30/06/1944 – Attack Against Villers Bocage
Twenty four aircraft in daylight were detailed to attack enemy concentrations at Villers Bocage, in support of the British and Canadian Armies advance in Northern France. Two aircraft were withdrawn, owing to technical faults, but the remaining twenty two aircraft all bombed their target successfully, and reported a very concentrated raid. Moderate, but heavy A.A. Fire was encountered over the target, but there was no fighter opposition. On return one aircraft landed at Woodbridge and another put down on one of our landing strips in Normandy (the Flight Engineer 1586862 Sgt. McDevitt, P.W. being slightly injured). A unique incident for the Squadron. Another aircraft was damaged by A.A. Fire, but reached Base and made a successful landing.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:10 – Landed 21:25
Flight Time 03:15

02/07/1944 – Daylight Attack Against Beauvoir
Twenty three out of twenty four aircraft detailed took off in daylight to attack the construction works supply site at Beauvoir. All aircraft successfully bombed the target and a concentrated raid developed. Opposition from A.A. fire was slight.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/O B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
Sgt. R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. Mckenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:59 – Landed 15:55
Flight Time 02:56

15/07/1944 – Attack Against Bois Des Jardine
Ten aircraft took off to attack the constructional works site at Bois Des Jardins. All aircraft bombed the target, but a scattered raid was reported owing to eight to ten tenths cloud. No opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/S Murray Smith, RNZAF NZ425948 – 2nd Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. McKenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:35 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 02:45

17/07/1944 – Attack Against Vaires
The twenty seven aircraft previously detailed took off to attack the Vaires marshalling yard in daylight, but the aircraft were recalled shortly after setting course. On landing they were re-fuelled and kept standing by to attack a tactical target.

Lancaster Mk.I LM544 dnc AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. McKenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:21 – Landed 14:21
Flight Time 02:00

18/07/1944 – Attack Against Cagny
Twenty eight aircraft took off, as detailed, to make a dawn attack on the village of Cagny, in Northern France where the enemy had large concentrations of armour and troops situated. This attack was in direct support of the Allied 2nd Army, and all crews were successful in bombing the target with the aid of markers and a very concentrated raid was reported. Moderate A.A. fire was encountered, but only one of our aircraft suffered damage, this was captained by NZ421549 F/S. Moriarty, D. who was injured on the scalp and left eye, by fragments of perspex or shell splinters caused by an A.A. shell which exploded in the cockpit. In spite of his serious injuries, F/Sgt. Moriarty safely flew his aircraft back to base.

Lancaster Mk.I LM544 AA-J

P/O Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. McKenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 04:42 – Landed 07:44
Flight Time 03:02

20/07/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty six aircraft took off, as detailed, to attack the oil refinery at Homberg. Nineteen aircraft were successful in bombing the target, with the aid of markers, which seemed well concentrated. Two good explosions were seen and smoke came up from the target area. Heavy A.A. fire was moderate, but fighters were very active, eight combats taking place. Seven aircraft failed to return, the captains were AUS22776 W/O. Gilmour, H., NZ428819 F/S. Howell, E., NZ421829 F/S. Mackay, K., NZ422057 F/S. Davidson, N., NZ42488 W/O. Whittington, H., NZ413219 F/S. Roche, G. & NZ414560 P/O. Burtt, H.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. McKenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:40 – Landed 02:58
Flight Time 03:18

22/07/1944 – Mining in the Kattegat Area
Six aircraft were detailed to lay mines in the Kattegat area. All aircraft dropped their mines successfully, and crews reported an uneventful trip.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. McKenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 21:07 – Landed 05:06
Flight Time 07:59

23/07/1944 – Attack Against Kiel
Twenty aircraft took off as detailed to attack Kiel, and all successfully bombed the target. A concentrated raid was reported and the glow of fires could be seen from the Danish west coast on return. A moderate A.A. barrage was met and two aircraft had combats with enemy fighters.

Lancaster Mk.I LM544 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
F/O Bernard Peter Adam Daines, RAFVR 1513708/ 142086 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. McKenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:42 – Landed 03:51
Flight Time 05:09

25/07/1944 – Attack Against Stuttgart
Fourteen aircraft took off to attack Stuttgart, only ten however, were successful, and they reported a concentrated raid to be developing, with many fires and explosions. Heavy A.A. fire was only slight in the target area, but enemy fighters were again active. Two aircraft had combats and one, captained by NZ425948 F/S. Smith, M. claimed a FW190 destroyed. On return two aircraft landed at Ford, one due to engine trouble and the other owing to damage to the petrol tank and rear turret by heavy A.A. fire. Of the four abortive sorties, one aircraft jettisoned after its starboard inner engine had caught fire when in combat, another failed to see any markers when over the target, and brought its bombs back, and the other two returned early owing to severe icing.

Lancaster Mk.I LM554 AA-J

F/S Alexander George Gray, RNZAF NZ422280 – Pilot.
P/O Lyndon Clifford Perry, RNZAF NZ428925 – Navigator.
F/S B. Bedford, RAFVR – Air Bomber.
F/S R. Windon, RAFVR – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. W. McKenzie, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Caster, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Griffin, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 21:39 – Landed 05:51
Flight Time 08:12

 

Ake Ake Kia Kaha

Selby Cemetery, Yorkshire – Cpl. Kenneth John Howes RAF 912524

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From Hull Northern Cemetery it was back in the car and through the still torrential rain and varied closed and diverted roads to Selby Cemetery to visit and record the Gravestone of Cpl. Kenneth Howes, a member of ground crew who was killed in a training flight accident on the 28th of February 1942.

Again. I must remark on the strange coincidences that seem to follow me with this blog. Last night, while putting together the post about Robert Bertram, Googling, I came across a fascinating thread about the crash that involved Robert Colville. Reading through the very detailed information regarding this crash, I decided to copy paste it all for later reading with a thought it surely would be useful at a later date. Of course, I now realise that the ‘later date’ is actually now – a day later…….

I have already posted the gravestone for Wilfred Pownall, the other fatality in the crash, which can be seen here.

The additional details regarding the crash of X.3355 is as follows and can be read in its entirety here, from the excellent PPRuNe forum(s).

from Errol:
“The crash above occurred in daytime on an air test, presumably would not have a bomb load aboard. The crash originally referred to happened at night and left a large crater when the bombs exploded. How close to Feltwell is Brandon? The mystery deepens!” My entry is in error regarding the location of Lime Kiln Farm from Brandon – it is not ESE, nor really SW but almost directly west, lying almost equidistant between Brandon and the Lakenheath Railway Station (which lies a mile or two north of the town of Lakenheath). I could cannot now find Brandon Fields and wonder if this might have been a transcription error of data on the Form 1180 by my researcher. Since publication I have obtained a copy of a precis of the Court of Inquiry. This lists the crew sans initials and includes Aircraftman Hall, who is the name missing from Bill Chorley’s entry (p38 of his 1942 Vol). It describes Colville, Godwin and Hall’s injuries as ‘serious’. The precis states in part: “On 28-2-42, Sgt Colville (1st pilot) with crew of five, took off in Wellington X.3355 on a test flight. Shortly after becoming airborne the starboard engine failed. The pilot endeavoured to return to the aerodrome but while making a circuit the port engine spluttered and when approaching for a forced landing the aircraft stalled and crashed. An outbreak of fire occured on impact and with the exception of the rear half of the fuselage and engines, the aircraft was destroyed… …the starboard engine failed when the aircraft had not much height. The pilot possibly in trying to force land before he crashed, was compelled to turn to the right against his bad engine. It seems probable that the evidence of AC Hall (seventh witness) that the starboard wing stalled during the turn and dropped, and as the aircraft hit the ground with the starboard wing tip first it swung round to the right… …it took off about 1600 hours and the crash must have occured just before 1625 hours when it was reported to F/Lt Walkerdine (12th witness). Although Mr Harrington {note spelling} (11th witness) states he found one of the occupants in the nose turret, we think it was probably the pilots cockpit. Both AC Godwin and AC Hall state that there was not one in the nose turret at the time of the crash and when we found the front turret it was completely smashed and there was no evidence of it having been occupied…” I don’t think that there can be much doubt about this being the crash the crippled Colville so badly. Perhaps, though, by 1957 memory had played tricks on him or he had embellished the account somewhat, or the account as retailed on the PPRuNe board is a little garbled. Given that there is no mention of a bomb load or explosion in the precis it seems very unlikely that the crash would have caused a ‘crater’. Could this in fact just be an old lime quarry?”

Additional detail from RobFJ:
“My mother today told me the following story :

During this part of the war, she lived in Hockwold, adjacent to RAF Feltwell. She remembers the day the plane came down (she heard the crash). It was in the daytime as she was in her office. She lived in the pub, the Red Lion on Hockwold Green which was on the Brandon Road. The billet for the aircrew was just down the road; they used the pub regularly – so she knew most of the aircrew. That evening she asked the pilots about the crash and they said it was Sergeant Arthur Colville’s plane.

Arthur Colville was actually the pilot who replaced my father, Squadron Leader William Francis Jordan, after he was injured and in hospital from  another crash

Mum was a member of the WRVS and she visited Arthur in Ely Hospital until he was transferred to Stoke Mandeville (by which time he had been promoted to Squadron Leader). Two days after the crash, mum asked Arthur what caused it, he mentioned he was on a test flight but he did not know what had happened except that the ground crew had done their checks but the aircraft, in flight, just wasn’t fit to fly

Although he was in a wheelchair when he left Ely Hospital, mum is totally certain that Arthur had not lost his legs – although his injuries on this crash included fractured skull, arms, legs and ribs”.

Flixton Buck then added:
“Concerning incident on 28.02.42, Wellington Ser. No. X3355 which did indeed crash at Brandon next to George Harrington’s farmhouse.
It was a very cold February afternoon with temperatures below zero and by that time in the afternoon quite dark. The ground crew had been working all day to service the aircraft and were the last off the airfield for an air test. As was the tradition of the time, the skipper of the kite flew it and the Erks went along for the ride. The fire destroyed most of the aircraft and it proved to be impossible to ascertain the exact cause of the crash but it was suspected that in their haste to get away they forgot to open balance cock “A”, located under the Pilots seat which evened up the fuel in the tanks. The engines had enough fuel in the near empty tank for the run up but as soon as she started to lift off started to chuck it.
Sgt Colville turned back towards the Station; Lime Kiln farm was on the downward leg of the circuit, when the Wellington crashed. There was a very small fire behind one engine and Mr Harrington, the Farm foreman who lived at Lime Kiln, started pulling the men from the aircraft and taking them into the kitchen of his house. By the time he reached Colville the aircraft was fully ablaze, and the ammo on board was starting to explode. George noted that Colville was pretty banged up and took him inside the house, where he noted that one of the other men who he had placed on his kitchen table had passed away.

The injured were taken to Ely RAF Hospital and Colville was placed under the care of Sir Archie McIndoe a New Zealander of some repute. That night he was given the last rites but never the less he was a young man and gradually improved. As far as I know he kept his legs but may have had substantial metal plates fitted.
George Harrington was called up to meet the old King and was awarded the British Empire Medal for his troubles.

There was never a large crater at Lime Kiln Farm, but you can still find small pieces of Wimpy there when they plough the field where it crashed”.

So, belatedly, thank you to all above who shared this extra information.

 

275,000 views – as always thank you so much

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Thumper and VeRA over a dark and wet Southport, 2015

As is now customary, I must continue to thank you all for the support you are showing for 75nzsquadron.com.

It has been just a fraction over 3 months since we racked up the milestone of a quarter of a million views – so in this small extra period of time its fantastic that we have seen another 25,000 views of the blog.

I am really pleased to observe that new visitors, both relatives of members of the 75(NZ) Squadron RAF and also interested parties still continue to make contact and the material keeps coming in. Its a broken record (I even think I have said that before) when I now say I am still working through the backlog of material donated  – I know how the painters on the Forth Bridge feel – I will keep doing it as long as there is material to post.

It’s a perverse thing to say that I am doing things in the background, given the time needed on this blog, but I have slowly over the last few months been moving extracted information from the Squadron database to individual Operational histories for crews.

I have uploaded the majority of crews that began their Operational service in 1943. As usual, I make no apologies for my non linear approach – it was where I started the database, because that was the year Dad first arrived at Mepal.

I am aware that the list is not as yet definitive – a number of crews were left headless when their Pilot was killed flying an initial ‘2nd Dickie’ Op. These need to be gathered and added and where possible their subsequent histories recorded. As a case in point – Jack Thomson’s loss on the 3rd of August 1943, while 2nd pilot with Cyril Bailie’s crew, which resulted in his Mid Upper Gunner, Ton Darbyshire and Wireless Operator Bill Lake, joining my own Father’s crew.

The crews are broken down by year. Irrespective of duration of stay, they will be listed in the year their Pilot flew his first Op with the Squadron. To this end, the list is not alphabetical – it is ordered chronologically based on arrival at the respective RAF Station, or if this is not known, the date of the first operational sortie by the Pilot. As it was common for a Pilot to undertake a number of Ops with a more experienced crew – the first of these ‘2nd Dickie’ Ops will be used as the date, as it theoretically represents the closest date to arrival – in this case the date will be listed with the suffix ‘2ndDO’

To this end, if a crew arrival is unclear and an individuals arrival cannot be suggested or corroborated by any other individual in that crew, the date of their first operational sortie will be listed (1stOS).

You will also perhaps note if you search in other years that some crews are already recorded – this is where a full post in the now standardised Op history format has previously been made for a crew. To this end, more of these records will probably be added before that particular year is tackled properly.

If, as was tragically the case in far too many instances, the crew were killed, or a fatality was suffered within the crew, the crew will have a ‘†’ as an additional suffix. Again, as a non standard example of this, the Whitehead crew has this suffix to denote the loss of Peter Dobson, the crew’s Navigator when attempting to provide assistance to the crew and civilians after the take off crash of BK809 JN-T on the evening of the 8th September 1943.

Ideally, I will try when and where possible to link a ‘visitor’ in the crew list to their ‘main’ crew – however of course, this assumes the other crew(s) are already listed in this section and that the individual in question had a ‘main’ crew – I am mindful of those more experienced airmen who were Squadron ‘trade’ leaders (as opposed to Flight or Squadron Leaders) – there is also the case of a number of airmen who came to the Squadron specifically as Mid Under Gunners, who crewed up as necessary in aircraft fitted with a ventral turret.

Each crew will have as much information eventually added that exists. In the first instance an Op history will be generated form the database that will list the date, target, Op summary, aircraft, crew and up/ downtime and duration of flight. I am mindful that the inclusion of the raid report for each Op for each crew makes the document a long one, as does the listing of perhaps a completely uniform crew composition, however I think as a record for each crew it is important to fully list it and it perhaps makes it clearer the incredible bravery and dedication these boys showed every night or day they climbed the ladder into their aircraft.

I would note also at this point, that where a crew suffered a fatality, this might not yet be recorded, the activity is staged and I feel that its better to have a series of rolling states of completion and have the material accessible to all of you, rather than hold it for potentially an infinite period of time, waiting for that minuscule piece of information that may never come.

I would encourage the contribution of details to these histories – each page has a comments section. If you know anything about the boys in a crew – post it up there and I will add it to the main page text

More information will then follow as I discover and or process it. For all the relatives that have so graciously and generously donated information so far I thank you and I know if Bob was still around, he would as well.

The 1943 section can be accessed via ’75(NZ) Squadron RAF’ in the top menu and then down to ’75(NZ) Squadron RAF Crews’ and then across to ‘Crews Starting 1943′. I would advise you look through on this main blog page – the list for 1943 is so long, and so tragically filled with ‘†’’s that you need to scroll quite a way down to reach the end. I would also note the term ’empty’ against a crew means, currently, just that – information is yet to be added.

And Finally……….

Another significant milestone has also been reached.

When you join and create a blog on WordPress, you get 3 Gigabytes of free storage space. Ostensibly this space is taken by uploaded material – photographs documents etc.

Well, readers, that space as of this evening, has been consumed! I must now pay for more space, which having reached this achievement of uploaded, online accessible material related to 75(NZ) Squadron RAF, I am more than happy to do. A very modest outlay has gotten us all another 10 Gig to fill with more wonderful and priceless things.

The blog, without question or challenge, is the most visited and physically the largest online resource for the Squadron in existence – and it’s thanks to all of you.

For all those out there, who dislike or resent what I am doing, to all those who have attempted to sidelined, undermine or just ignore me – well done, you wasted your time………..:)

Ake Ake Kia Kaha!