Tag Archives: PB761 AA-Y

75 x 2 – Leslie Edgerton, the Armstrong crew and Harry Yates – by David Yates

Leslie and logbook comp

Right: Leslie Edgerton, Wireless Operator with the Baines crew, now aged 95.
A bout of German measles meant Leslie had to leave the crew for a stay in hospital, on his return he discovered they had failed to return from their 27th Op. Until Leslie spoke to Harry, some 50 years later, he had held out a hope they might have survived.
Left: The addendum Leslie made to his log-book after speaking to Harry about the fate of his crew .

Many thanks to David, son of Harry Yates, for contributing the following piece. It proves again that there are strange coincidences that time occasionally chooses to reveals to us – something I have experienced many a time while researching the Squadron.

75 x 2

by David Yates

Monday 8th May 1995 is memorable in our household not so much because it was the fiftieth anniversary of VE Day, and was marked accordingly with official ceremony all across the West, but because something kept secret from the family for four decades was finally revealed.

Not many days earlier, my wife Geraldine and I had completed a major extension and renovation to the house we then owned, tucked away in a pleasant downland village near Lewes in East Sussex.  I had taken upon myself the task of applying a paint roller to the expanse of brand new render, which would be followed with a fine brush to all the sashes – also new, and there were over thirty of them.  It was a labour of love already turning into just labour.

Anyway, my in-laws were driving over the downs from their home in East Dean to see their grandchild and have lunch with us.  At noon I was still balanced on my ladder at the back of the house, rolling on the second or, perhaps, third coat of emulsion.  From inside the house Geraldine was clattering away with pots and pans.  The smell of a roasting joint wafted through an open window.  Away to my right the crunch of wheels on gravel told me my morning’s work was at an end.  There were female voices, the sound of car doors closing.  A moment or two later my father-in-law Leslie appeared from around the side of the house, hand-in-hand with his infant grand-daughter.

We made the usual greetings and stood talking for a while, probably about not very much. Then, with no particular seriousness, I asked him what he had been doing fifty years ago, on 8th May 1945.  He didn’t seem too sure, “Joan and I were married by then,” he said eventually, “I think we must have been in London.”

Now, I had known for very nearly a quarter of a century, since not long after I started going out with Geraldine, that her dad’s war service had been as a wireless operator on heavy bombers.  My own father had served as a pilot on Lancs, flying alongside some New Zealanders, although he was a North Bucks country boy through and through.  I knew that the whole subject of the war had been handled differently in Leslie’s household than in ours.  My dad didn’t make a great thing out of it.  But his crew were all known to me from the letters and photos which arrived  in the family home (usually) at Christmas time.  Indeed, on one Sunday back in 1975, when we were still single, Geraldine and I waited at table on the whole crew when they – said to be already the last full 75 crew living – came to the house following a squadron reunion at Mepal.  But it wasn’t like that in Leslie’s house.  There, a discrete silence was maintained over the whole topic.  The detail of his own wartime service was unknown to his two sons and two daughters.

It was not that unusual.  I had childhood friends whose fathers wanted, for whatever reason, to close the wartime chapter and keep it closed, leaving their sons high and dry for knowledge.  One accepted that there were histories which were not happy, and men who were quietly haunted by them.  The tremendous will of the people to move on, which erupted so joyously with victory in Europe, gave such men the opening to a new life they needed, and they took it.  If there was no need to revisit the past, it was not revisited.

Still, standing there with Leslie I thought it was worth another question.  “So you weren’t still flying by this point?” I asked.

He wasn’t, having finished his tour in September 1944.

Then, out of nowhere he blurted out, “I didn’t finish with my own crew though.  I was sent to hospital with German measles, you see, and my own crew carried on flying without me.  It was six weeks before the doctor let me go back.  I expected them to still be there, but they weren’t.  I made enquiries.  But nobody seemed to know anything, just that they hadn’t come back from a raid.  The radio operator who had gone in my place was only young, and he’d just married, I think.  Anyway, over the years I’ve tried a few times to find out what happened to them – you know, at the library.  But I still don’t know.  I’ve always hoped one or two of them were made POWs, and got back home to New Zealand eventually.”

“New Zealand?” I retorted.

“Yes, it was a New Zealand squadron, based at Mepal in Cambridgeshire.”

I could scarcely believe what I was hearing.  “Wait a minute, you are saying you flew from Mepal?”

”Yes, that was the airfield.”

”Yes, but that’s the airfield which 75 Squadron flew from.”

”That’s right, 75 squadron.”

“Wait a minute, you are saying you flew from Mepal with 75 Squadron RNZAF?”

”That’s right ….”
“But my father flew with them”.

“No no no” he said, completely certain of his facts.  Well, he had been an accountant in civilian life.  “Your father was a fighter pilot with the New Zealand ‘fighter’ squadron.”

I put him right as gently but firmly as I could.  That evening, after Leslie and Joan had returned home to East Dean, I telephoned my dad to tell him what had come to pass.  I knew that he possessed a well-thumbed copy of Forever Strong, Norman Franks’ history of 75, which I had borrowed and read myself.  Norman and Dad had met or exchanged correspondence at some point and become friendly, and Norman and his wife had visited for dinner.  Norman wrote in Dad’s copy of Forever Strong (which I have in my office at home today):

“To Harry Yates DFC -Who completed a tour of with 75 Sqn
and was seen in the smoke 30 times
Best wishes,
Norman Franks”

Information on the fate of Leslie’s crew had to be in there.  I gave Dad Leslie’s number, and he duly checked and telephoned the next day.  The information was that Leslie’s skipper P/O Armstrong and all his crew were killed on the Dortmund raid of 22/23 May, 1944.  Flt Sgt George Leslie Edgerton – taciturn, stoic man that he was – now knew for certain that he was the only Armstrong crew-member to survive the war.  But at least he had that knowledge, and the long vigil of the heart that he had kept for his crew could be brought to a close at last.

Extraordinarily, Geraldine and I were in the nineteenth year of our marriage when he had finally spoken of his sorrow that day in our garden, and the coincidence of our respective dad’s war service came to light.

The event only spurred my dad on in a plan he was quietly hatching to research, write and publish the story of his flying years, centred on five hard months at Mepal.  At the time I knew nothing about this.  I was aware that, always a reader of history, he had become focussed on RAF history and had amassed quite a comprehensive book collection.  I also knew he had been to the Public Records Office at Kew and acquired a large pile of yellow sheets logging 75 operations for the period of his service.  I thought it was just a surfeit of nostalgia.

Harry at about the time he was planning Luck and Lancaster

Harry at about the time he was planning Luck and Lancaster
supplied by David Yates

It was my mother who finally told me that dad had quite forsaken her company in the evenings to disappear upstairs and start tapping on his 1970s IBM golf-ball typewriter.  Apparently, he had been hammering away at the keyboard for a year or more.  When I asked him about it he showed me a sheath of close-typed A4 sheets, the front one of which read:

“Luck and a Lancaster by Harry Yates DFC”

It was a pretty chaotic presentation, it must be said, with passages long and short crossed out everywhere and re-typed, and lengths of type stuck with sellotape on top of other lengths, or across the whole of the top or bottom of the sheet.  But there was the unmistakable voice of my dad talking quite naturally about events in his life I had little or no idea had ever taken place.  For his part, he was very unsure about the quality of the thing, which was obviously why he had kept quiet about it.  Did I think anyone would publish it, he asked.  I had no idea. “Let me take it home and read it properly,” I said.

I began reading that night, sitting up in bed.  A few pages in I turned to my wife and said, “Some of this is beautiful.”

My judgement on the manuscript was that it had to be worth sending off to publishers, but not in that condition.  So dad bought himself a modern electronic machine and re-typed the whole thing, which at that point ran up to his release from the eye hospital at Littleport.  But he had lost his creative impetus in the laborious typing process.  I suggested that he send what he had to some publishers anyway, and if one of them was interested he could return to writing, and finish the thing.

The first manuscript went, for some reason known only to dad, to Haynes, the technical manual publisher.  Unsurprisingly, it bounced back with a rejection slip within a month or two.  He then posted a copy to (the now defunct) Airlife Publishing, who were a much more likely prospect.  But weeks of silence turned into months.  I urged dad to find another publisher to try.  But he had become disheartened, quietly concluding that he had probably miscalculated, and there wasn’t really any interest in a septuagenarian heavy bomber pilot with only half his story told.

The whole project was put away in a chest of drawers, and he returned to mum’s company in the evenings.  Then, right out of the blue in the early summer of 1999, fully a year after shipping off the manuscript, he received a letter from Airlife’s managing editor.  “Dear Mr Yates,” it began, “Thank you very much for sending me the manuscript for your memoir, Luck and a Lancaster.  I sincerely apologise that I had rather a lot of submissions to read before I could get to yours.  But I have now read it with much interest, and would be very pleased indeed to publish the finished manuscript for you if you are still seeking a publisher.”

Still seeking a publisher!  Dad was electrified.  A standard authors contract was received, signed and shot back within a few days.  The only thing was that Airlife wanted to have the book available for its Christmas list, which meant finishing the whole manuscript in three months.  Everything came out of the chest of drawers and Dad threw himself back into his writing.  He made the deadline, but he wasn’t entirely happy about having to work so fast.  He felt that something was lost that perhaps did not return until the very last chapter and the epilogue.  I know there were two small factual mistakes that made it into print, and they always annoyed him.  But when I read the new material I thought it worked in rather well, given that this was the hard-grind of the tour from which all naivety had been drained by his hospitalisation.

Today, in one form or another, <em>Luck and a Lancaster</em> has probably sold getting on for 45,000 copies.  The response of readers has been incredibly generous and kind.  Hundreds of people, some of them fellow aircrew, many more of them relatives of aircrew, wrote often touching letters to dad.  He was very grateful and answered all he could until, over the final six years of his life, illness drained him too much.

He passed away in Hastings Conquest hospital on 20th November 2011, two months short of his 90th birthday.  He had lived a wonderful, satisfying life, which was what he deserved, and a life which is very much caught and held in aspic as the memory of a young flyer by his much older self.

One of the things Dad had done in his research period was to visit Barry Aldridge’s museum at Witchford, and sign the visitors book.  In the summer of 2001, I took Leslie up to Cambridgeshire to re-connect with his own past.  We visited Ely and the Cathedral, and we went to the old airfield, of course, and to the village green at Mepal.  Then we went on to Barry’s museum.  Leslie wandered through the exhibits and breathed in the pungent perfume of that Hercules power-plant which fills the place.  But some private regret, that will obviously never be expunged, stopped him from signing the visitors book.

Leslie had his 95th birthday dinner with Geraldine and I on St George’s Day this year.  He is still surprisingly hale and very determined to remain independent as long as possible.

“Buzz” Spilman, Gerry Abrahams and the Spilman crew, 1945.

DSC_0239 (2)

The Spilman crew, back from left to right: Gerry Abrahams, Wireless Operator; Tom Corlett, Bomb Aimer; Norm Holbrook, Navigator; Harry Thorne, Flight Engineer. Front, from left to right: Vern Clouston, Mid Upper Gunner; Sidney “Buzz” Spilman, Pilot; Pat Burke, Rear Gunner. – Photo courtesy and copyright of NZ Bomber Command Association photo archives, from the collection of ”Buzz” Spilman.

Many thanks to Chris for this post on Gerry Abrahams and the Spilman crew. I think its fitting given the contribution that Chris has made regarding posts to the blog since the start that he should tip us over the 250,000 views count – thanks Chris for all your efforts!

A letter to the Editor in The New Zealand Herald (Auckland’s daily newspaper) caught my eye a few weeks ago, commending the New Zealand cricket team on their sporting manner during the recent test and one-day series in  England. The writer began by saying “As someone who had the pleasure of serving with  your forces in the last war …”, and that’s probably what caught my eye, even though I’m also a Black Caps fan.

The letter was signed by a “Gerry Abrahams, Birchington, Kent” – could this be 75 (NZ) Squadron veteran Gerry Abrahams? A quick check with Dee Boneham and Glen Turner via the 75 Squadron Assn Facebook page confirmed Gerry’s location as Birchington, not far from Manston, where he volunteers as a guide at the Spitfire & Hurricane Memorial Museum.

Shortly afterwards Gerry himself popped up on the Facebook page, contributing to a thread of great historical importance, listing the pubs frequented by the boys based at Feltwell and Mepal, 1940-45!

I mentioned in the thread that he probably drank with my uncle, both being W/Op’s, both being in crews that were partial to Percy’s Pub in Sutton, and both being named Gerry!

I also mentioned an entry in my uncle’s diary for 13 March 1945: “The W/Ops had a fair beat up in Sutton at the Royal Arms. Old Flip (?) swallowed his false teeth & finished up in Ely hospital.”

And sure enough, Gerry says he was there! Not an evening to easily be forgotten, by the sound of it.

So since I have been sitting on these photos of Gerry and his crew, I thought I should post them here, as a tribute, and as a “thank you” to Gerry, his skipper “Buzz”, who still lives in Nelson, NZ, the other members of their crew, and the hard-working ground crews of “B” Flight.

”Buzz” Spilman did his basic training at ITW Levin, then went through fighter pilot training; Tiger Moths at Harewood and Harvards at Woodbourne. He shipped out for England in November 1941 on the troopship Monterey, via the Pacific Islands and Hawaii (passing through only 10 days before the Japanese attacked!) to Canada. He crossed the Atlantic on the SS Letitia, arriving in Liverpool on Christmas Eve 1941. After a stint as a flying instructor, he transferred to Bomber Command, and after further training, was posted to 75 (NZ) Squadron. He was still only 22.

2.1.45: Administration. NZ4210535 F/S Stevens, C.M. and NZ413138 F/L S.L. Spilman. and crews arrived from No. 31 and No. 73 Bases respectively.

B Flight Commanding Officer S/L Bob Rodgers took the crew on their first op’, a daylight G-H attack on rail marshalling yards.

05/01/1945 – Attack Against Ludwigshafen
Twenty one aircraft attacked Ludwigshafen, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 G.P. 500 M.C., and Munro bombs. Visibility was clear. H/F was met, but all aircraft returned safely. A scattered raid was reported.

“A good concentration of bombs in target area and stream well together; should have been a good attack. Good concentration about 200 yds from river bank.”

Lancaster Mk.III LM740 AA-B
Hit by flak 5 times (AIR14-3463)

S/L John Robert “Bob” Rodgers, RNZAF NZ413956, Pilot.
F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:32 – Landed 17:32
Flight Time 06:00

06/01/1945 – Attack Against Neuss
Fifteen aircraft were detailed to attack Neuss but the operation was cancelled just prior to ‘take-off’. However, one hour after this cancellation, the operation was put on again. The fifteen crews were briefed a second time and eleven aircraft made an accurate attack on Neuss. Four aircraft captained by F/O Cumberpatch, F/S Russell, F/O Crawford and F/lt. Hannan had technical trouble and returned early. On this attack the aircraft carried 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., and Munro bombs. Cloud was nine to ten tenths. Crews bombed with the aid of instruments and sky markers.

“A lot of small fires and some smoke rising; quite good flares seen after leaving.”

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-U

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:47 – Landed 20:49
Flight Time 05:02

8.1.45. The crew ferried Lancaster PB761, AA-Y back to Mepal from RAF Waterbeach, a 25 minute flight, presumably after heavy maintenance. This was the aircraft that crashed 9 days later at Woodditton, Suffolk, England on the way back from a raid on a benzol oil plant at Wanne- Eickel, Germany, killing Pilot Tim Blewett, Navigator Bryant Cornell, and Johnny Wilson, Air Bomber.

11/01/1945 – Attack Against Krefeld
Nineteen aircraft were detailed to attack Krefeld, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500AMN., 500G.P., 500 M.C., 250 G.P., and Munro bombs. Seventeen aircraft bombed the target in tenths cloud with special equipment and two aircraft bombed last resort. Slight H/F was met over the target, but no fighters were seen.

“Nothing to report.”

Lancaster Mk.III LM733 AA-R

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston*, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke*, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

*NOTE Clouston and Burke swapped positions at this point and the change seems to have been permanent.

Take Off 11:41 – Landed 16:57
Flight Time 05:16

13/01/1945 – Attack Against Saarbrucken
Eighteen of nineteen aircraft detailed carried out a successful daylight attack on Saarbrucken Marshalling Yard, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500AMN., 500G.P., 500 M.C., 250 G.P., and Munro bombs. W/Cdr Baigent in ‘A’ had to return with his full load after reaching the target owing to technical trouble which prevented release of bombs. Crews bombed on special equipment. The Marshalling Yard was visible and many bursts were seen on the target. No opposition reported. All aircraft were diverted owing to bad visibility at Base.

“Blue puffs very good. A2/D* bombed 50ft above, was in no formation causing me to take avoiding action.”

* Lancaster LL674, A2-D, 514 Squadron, based at RAF Waterbeach, was lost two weeks later.

Lancaster Mk.I PB761 AA-Y

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:41 – Landed 18:17
Flight Time 06:36 (Landed Port Reath)

14.1.45. Ferrying PB761, AA-Y from Port Reath back to Mepal, 1 hr 55 mins.

15/01/1945 – Attack Against Langendreer
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Langendreer, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500AMN., 500 M.C., 250 G.P., and Munro bombs. One aircraft ‘D’ captained by F/O Leadley failed to reach the target owing to starboard inner engine failing. No results were observed owing to ten tenths cloud. Flak was slight over the target. No fighter opposition was encountered.

“Hit by flak when stream turned short and passed over Gladbach. Had to feather port outer. Stream weaved when flak came up and had no window cover.”

Lancaster Mk.III LM733 AA-R
Hit by flak once (AIR14-3463)

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:33 – Landed 16:59
Flight Time 05:26

16/01/1945 – Attack Against Wanne Eickel
Seventeen aircraft attacked Wanne Hickel in ten tenths cloud, tops 6/7000 feet, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 G.P. 500 ANM, 500 M.C. 250 G.P. and Munro bombs. Crews bombed with the aid of instruments and sky markers. Flak was moderate. The general impression was that bombing was concentrated on markers and red glow seen through cloud. The aircraft captained by NZ426235 F/S Wood, J, was attacked by a F.W. 190. The rear gunner opened fire, but no hits were observed and our aircraft suffered no damage. The aircraft captained by NZ414376 F/L T. Blewett unfortunately crashed in this country. The captain and Air Bomber NZ426234 F/O J. Wilson were killed. The Navigator 1398282 F/S Cornell, B.T. died later as a result of severe injuries.

“A promising attack.”

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L “Lucy”/ “Love”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 23:31 – Landed 04:27
Flight Time 04:56

22/01/1945 – Attack Against Duisburg
Fifteen aircraft attacked Duisburg carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 G.P. (I.D) 250 G.P. and Munro bombs.Visibility was good. Crews saw the Rhine. Fires and explosions were seen coming from a concentrated area. A successful attack was reported. No opposition encountered.

“Good attack plumes of black smoke seen after bomb bursts and red glow on route home.”

Lancaster Mk.III LM733 AA-R

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:20 – Landed 21:54
Flight Time 04:34

28/01/1945 – Attack Against Cologne (Gremberg)
Twenty aircraft attacked Cologne (Gremberg) as ordered, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 M.C. “50 G.P. and Munro bombs. Cloud broke to nil just before the target and crews were able to identify the marshalling yard. Accurate slight to moderate H/F was met over the target. No fighters were seen. Bursts were seen on the marshalling yard. All returned to base.

“Bombing seemed accurate on Marshalling Yard.”

Lancaster Mk.III LM733 AA-R

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:25 – Landed 16:12
Flight Time 05:47

29/01/1945 – Attack Against Krefeld M/Y
Nineteen aircraft attacked Krefeld marshalling yard in ten tenths cloud, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 M.C., and 250 G.P. Bombs. Aircraft bombed in formation with the aid of instruments. A good concentration was reported. Slight H/F over the target was the only opposition encountered.

“Seemed a very good attack.”

Lancaster Mk.III LM733 AA-R

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:10 – Landed 15:40
Flight Time 05:30

09/02/1945 – Attack Against Hohenbudburg
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Lutskendorf, but the target was changed during the afternoon to Hohenbudberg. This operation was carried out in 8/10th cloud with tops about 10,000. Flak was slight to moderate and S/L effective. A scattered raid was reported.

“Fair concentration of bombing.”

Lancaster Mk.I HK561 AA-Y “Liefy”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 04:14 – Landed 08:41
Flight Time 04:27

13/02/1945 – Attack Against Dresden
Twenty aircraft attacked Dresden as detailed. Very slight H/F was only opposition. The first aircraft over the target reported thin cloud which had cleared for later aircraft. Some aircraft were able to bomb visually. Crews reported the whole town was well alight and could see the glow of fires 100 miles away on return A highly successful raid.

“Good attack with very little flak. No S/L no fighters.”

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S “Sugar”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 22:14 – Landed 07:11
Flight Time 08:57

14/02/1945 – Attack Against Chemnitz
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Chemnitz. Nineteen attacked primary. AA”J” F/O R.J. Pearson, returned early through engine failiure. Cloud was ten tenths with tops 16-17000 over the target. Aircraft bombed with the aid of special equipment. No resilts were observed, very slight H/F was met over the target. AA”D”, captained by F/L G.S. Davies failed to return.

“Master Bomber ordered bombing on navigational aid on good D.R. but later he changed to Wanganui flares. These were disappearing into cloud.”

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S “Sugar”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:41 – Landed 05:12
Flight Time 08:31

16.2.45. Two brief Air Tests with S/L Rodgers, in AA-T and AA-X.

18/02/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Twenty aircraft attacked Wesel. Twenty one were detailed but AA”R” F/S Scott, returned early through technical trouble. Aircraft bombed on special equipment in ten tenths cloud with tops about 10,000 ft. Leaders were satisfied it was a good raid. Very slight H/F was only opposition

“Lead-in erratic – rather scattered bombing released over green puffs.”

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S “Sugar”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:59 – Landed 17:07
Flight Time 05:08

19/02/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Twenty one aitcraft were again detailed to attack Wesel. AA”J”, captained by F/S Lukins, B.L., returned early through engine trouble. Cloud was 1-10/10ths with some haze. A few crews were able to identify the river bend. Bombing appeared to be accurate. Very slight H/F was the only opposition.

“Bombing concentrated and seemed to be going into centre of town. Some fires had started.”

Lancaster Mk.I LM266 AA-F “The Seven Sinners”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:33 – Landed 18:30
Flight Time 04:57

20, 21, 23.2.45. G-H Photography and G-H Bombing practice, 2:25 – 2:35 hrs each.

23/02/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Sixteen aircraft attacked Gelsenkirchen as detailed. There was ten tenths thin cloud over the target with horizontal visibility between 500/ 1000 yds. Formation keeping was very difficult in these conditions, but crews reported quite a good bombing concentration on special equipment and leaders. Opposition from flak was very slight and no fighters were seen. F/S Barr, D. landed at Warboys.

“Several G.H. Leaders released at the same spot, a very poor visibility.”

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-U

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:40 – Landed 17:27
Flight Time 05:47

25.2.45 Air Test – Lancaster I, HK562, AA-L “Lucy” (aka. “Love”), 10 mins.

26/02/1945 – Attack Against Dortmund
Eighteen aircraft attacked Dortmund as detailed. Cloud was ten tenths over the target with tops 5-6,000 ft. No results were seen but bombing is thought to be concentrated. NZ428168 F/O N.H. Thorpe crashed in this country after passing over base in formation. Four members of the crew were killed.

“Formation flying above bombed through the formation and broke it up rather badly.”

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:39 – Landed 16:14
Flight Time 05:35

27/02/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Gelsenkirchen, carrying 4000 HC 500 ANM 500 MC bombs. NZ426904 F/O M. Adamson and NZ425292 F/L D. Sadgrove returned early through engine trouble. Cloud was ten tenths. Leaders met slight to moderate H/F. No results were seen.

“Attack seemed scattered. Also a squadron was seen 1,000 ft above overtaking with bomb doors open. Squadron believed W.P.” (90 Squadron)

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S “Sugar”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:28 – Landed 16:24
Flight Time 04:56

01/03/1945 – Attack Against Kamen
Seventeen aircraft were detailed to attack Kamen, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500ANM., 500 M.C. and Munro bombs. F/O D. Barr in AA”C” jettisoned and returned early through engine trouble. Crews bombed on special equipment as the target was obscured by ten tenth cloud. Flak was negligible.

“Consider very good run into target – checked with own G.H. fix. Good concentration of smoke puffs.”

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
F/S Donald Babington Shearer, RNZAF NZ4210512 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:46 – Landed 17:18
Flight Time 05:32

02/03/1945 – Attack Against Cologne
Twenty aircraft were detailed to attack Cologne. No aircraft bombed owing to special equipment failiure. Three aircraft jettisoned due to flak damage to engines, the remainder bringing their bombs back. F/O Woodcock was wounded in the neck and his engineer F/Sgt. Gibb in the legs but landed safely at base.

“G.H. Leaders did not bomb. Formation went on to Coblenz area before turning off. Bombs brought back.”

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 DNC AA-S “Sugar”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:11 – Landed 18:22
Flight Time 05:11

04/03/1945 – Attack Against Wanne Eickel
Eighteen aircraft were detailed to attack Wanne Eickel. JN”O” F/O D. Barr returned early through engine failiure. Crews bombed with the aid of special equipment in 10/10ths cloud. No results were seen but crews were satisfied that it was a good attack. Slight to moderate H/F was experienced.

“11.50 hrs 51.30 N 04.00 E G.H. Fixes were not correct as checked by D.R. from 10.45 hrs. W/T Received intermittent. Broadcast only partly received.”

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:45 – Landed 14:47
Flight Time 05:02

06/03/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Five aircraft attacked Wesel carrying 4,000 H.C. and 500 ANM Bombs. These aircraft comprised the first attack and later three more aircraft carrying the same type bombs attacked. On both attacks aircraft had an excellent run in and report bomb flashes well concentrated round target area. Flak opposition was slight. No fighters were seen.

(One of the three 75 (NZ) Sqdn a/c in the second wave.)
“If photo comes out it should be to port of bombing run as aircraft went to port to avoid other aircraft.”

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:22 – Landed 23:32
Flight Time 05:10

07/03/1945 – Attack Against Dessau
Thirteen aircraft attacked Dessau as ordered. Aircraft bombed in 10/10ths haze and thin cloud. Crews were given instructions by M/B to bomb on Skymarkers but some were able to make out T.I’s and in two cases identify the street. Fires were burning over a wide area when aircraft left the target. Flak practically nil in target area. Some E/A were seen and AA”S” F/L Spilman had a short inconclusive encounter. A satisfactory operation.

“Good concentration of bombing and fires.”

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S “Sugar”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
F/S William Mallon, RNZAF NZ427521 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
F/S William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 17:23 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 08:47

The Combat Report says that at 9.12pm and flying at 18,000 ft, a FW.190 dived on the a/c from the port quarter, the Mid Upper Gunner, F/S Clouston firing immediately and ordering the Captain to Corkscrew Port. Clouston fired continuously until the E/A, which didn’t fire back, broke away 300 yds to Starboard. Clouston observed hits on the wings and fuselage.

CombatReportSpilmanDessau7Mar45

Combat report, 7 March 1945.

10/03/1945 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen Buer
Twenty one aircraft attacked Gelsenkirchen as detailed. Aircraft bombed in light formation and all bombs were dropped together. Cloud was ten tenths. Slight H/F was encountered.

“Good formation over target G.H. run steady HS4/5 W/T set became heated was switched off and sprayed, fire averted.”

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:20 – Landed 17:25
Flight Time 05:05

11/03/1945 – Attack Against Essen
Twenty one aircraft were again detailed for operations, tis time against Essen. Very slight H/F was the only opposition. Cloud was 10/10ths. A gradual blackening of the cloud tops was all that could be seen.

“Good bombing of target – could see brown smoke coming through the cloud.”

Lancaster Mk.I NG449 AA-T

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:42 – Landed 17:11
Flight Time 05:29

14/03/1945 – Attack Against Heinrich Hutte
Twenty aircraft were detailed to attack the above target. Crews found the target covered with 10/10ths cloud. Formation was good though the target and bombs fell away together. Very accurate moderate H/F was met on the run in and over the target. F/Lt. E. Parsons in AA”E” failed to return. His aircraft was seen to be hit causing it to spiral into cloud. F/S McLernon landed at Woodbridge but returned to base the following day.

“Very concentrated attack with good formation.”

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
F/S Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:32 – Landed 18:28
Flight Time 04:56

23/03/1945 – Attack Against Wesel
Eight aircraft were detailed to attack Wesel carrying 1,000 M65 (RT), 1,000 M65 (B.T.) and Munro bombs. The target was attacked with the aid of special equipment. There was no cloud over the target but the visibility was poor owing to smoke. All crews reported a good concentration of bombs on the A/P. Very slight H/F was experienced.

“A well concentrated effort. Should be very successful.”

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:12 – Landed 19:04
Flight Time 03:52

29/03/1945 – Attack Against Salzgitter
Twenty one aircraft attacked Saltzgitter as detailed. Cloud was ten tenths, tops up to 19,000 ft and thin cloud and contrails persisting above, reducing visibility to 500yds. No results were observed and a scattered raid is reported. Flak moderate.

“Formation very poor due to poor weather conditions. No release pulse – number aircraft bombed together.”

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M
Hit by flak once (AIR14-3463)

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:40 – Landed 19:05
Flight Time 06:25

13/04/1945 – Attack on Kiel
21 aircraft were detailed to attack Kiel. The target was covered by 10/10 cloud with tops 4/5000. Bombing was concentrated and fires were seen on leaving the target. Flak was slight. M/B was clearly heard. (AA’K’ F/O. Morgan W.) returned early, bombs were jettisoned. This was also a leaflet raid.

“Lots illuminating flares and red and green TI’s with some explosions on target. Good bombing on target. Large glow seen.”

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
F/O Allan Ralph Baynes, RNZAF NZ427453 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 20:33 – Landed 01:54
Flight Time 05:21

18/04/1945 – Attack on Heligoland
25 aircraft were detailed to attack the target HELIGOLAND. Weather was good with good visibility. Crews were able to identify northern top of Island and also western edge. The rest of the Island was obliterated by smoke. Bomb bursts on fires. The crews bombed as ordered by the Master Bomber and bombing was thought to be well concentrated, but there was some overshooting as well as undershooting.

“Clear visibility. Good concentration of bombing.”

Lancaster Mk.III PB418 AA-C “Charlie”

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
F/O William Roy Brinsden, RNZAF NZ427573 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:26 – Landed 15:08
Flight Time 04:42

22/04/1945 – Attack on Bremen
21 aircraft were detailed to attack BREMEN. 2-5/10ths cloud over target and many crows (???) made out river bend and factory area. Bombing results were satisfactory though slight overshooting and undershooting but not outside built up area. Flak from Wilhemshaven and Bremen was at intervals moderate and very accurate. Flight Engineer (Sgt. R. Clark) of AA/P was killed. No fighters seen.

“Bomb bursts around A/P seen on run in. Air Bomber appeared to overshoot by 15 seconds according to GH check. AA/S was next leader, this aircraft was level with it for bombing.”

Lancaster Mk.III RF157 AA-X
Hit by flak 6 times and category ‘AC’ damage.

F/L Sidney Lewis ‘Buzz’ Spillman, RNZAF NZ413138 – Pilot.
F/S Norman ‘Norm’ Holbrook, RAFVR – Navigator.
F/S Thomas Ernest ‘Tom’ Corlett, RAFVR NZ425692 – Air Bomber.
F/S Gerald ‘Gerry’ Abrahams, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Harold ‘Harry’ Thorne, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
P/O Vernon Alfred ‘Vern’ Clouston, RNZAF NZ428285 – Mid Upper Gunner.
P/O William Patrick ‘Pat’ Burke, RNZAF NZ4210017 – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:18 – Landed 20:36
Flight Time 05:18

DSC_0240 (2)

The Spilman crew, with ground crew. Gerry Abrahams, standing, second to left; “Buzz” Spilman centre front. – Photo courtesy and copyright of NZ Bomber Command Association photo archives, from the collection of ”Buzz” Spilman.

The crew appear to have been tour-expired after the Bremen op’, and most of the crew were posted out. Buzz stayed on, moving with the squadron to Spilsby.

13.8.45 – NZ413138 F/L SL Spilman Pilot was posted to No. 109 OTU for Instructor duties.

At the end of the war Buzz moved on to transport command in India, before returning to New Zealand. He worked at Air New Zealand predecessor Teal Airways in administration for seven years before heading back to flying as an aerial topdressing pilot.
He and Mrs Spilman retired to Nelson in 1980.

After the war Gerry had a successful career as a civil aviation pilot. These days he volunteers as a guide at Manston’s Spitfire and Hurricane Museum.

The two crewmates met up in 2012 when Buzz came over to the UK with the RNZAF Bomber Command vet’s for the unveiling of the Bomber Command Memorial.

As always, many thanks to Peter Wheeler and the NZ Bomber Command Assn. for permission to reproduce the above photos.

Henry Smulovitch, Flight Engineer – Osborne crew

Crew of L Lucy cropped and contfromHR

The Osborne crew, one assumes taken at some point during their stay at Mepal. Patrick McCarthy, the crew’s Navigator is stood on the far left, Henry Smulovitch is stood second from the right in the main back row. The identities of the rest of the crew are sadly not known at this time. © David Smulovitch

David has contacted me about his Father, Henry Smulovitch, who was Flight Engineer with Roy Osborne’s crew between September and December 1944.

The Osbourne crew arrived at Mepal on the 8th of September 1944, Roy flying 2 ‘2nd Dickie’ Ops with Harry Yates and Jim Johnson on the 10th and 16th of September, before joining his tour on the 20th for their first Operational flight to Calais. David says that Henry, as Flight Engineer used to say that if Roy was injured, he would have to take the controls of the aircraft – Henry and the rest of the crew prayed that would never happen!

The details of Roy’s 2nd Pilot ops are as follows:

10/09/1944 – Attack Against Montivilliers
Twenty seven aircraft attacked Montivilliers in the Le Havre area, as detailed. All crews dropped their bombs on the target and a very concentrated raid developed. No fighters were encountered and only slight opposition was met from ground defences.

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S Sugar (3)

F/O Henry Charles ‘Harry’ Yates, RAFVR 141776 – Pilot.
F/S Roy Alvin Osborne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – 2nd Pilot.
F/O William George ‘Bill’ Birnie, RNZAF NZ429291 – Navigator.
F/S Inia Whangataua ‘Mac’ Maaka, RNZAF NZ421741 – Air Bomber.
W/O Sinclair Archibald ‘Archie’ Bain, RNZAF NZ415983 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Denys ‘Tubby’ Westell, RAFVR 2221192/ 188789 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Geoffrey Fallowfield, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Norrie Close, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:21 – Landed 19:09
Flight Time 03:48

16/09/1944 – Attack Against Moerdijk
Twelve aircraft were detailed to attack Moerdijk Bridge. The operation was successfully carried out in good weather. No opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I HK596 AA-O Oboe (19)

F/O James Johnson, RAFVR 176437 – Pilot.
F/S Roy Alvin Osborne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – 2nd Pilot.
W/O Thomas Talbot Murdoch, RAFVR 1345478 – Navigator.
F/O Alexander Mitchell Penman, RNZAF NZ416154 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. James Smith, RAFVR 1604615 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Lorenzo Marfil, RAFVR 1893899 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Alexander Reid, RAFVR 2211424 – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. Donald McLeod, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 21:36 – Landed 00:26
Flight Time 02:50

Its perhaps fortunate for us that Harry Yates was Pilot on one of these familarisation flights – within the pages of Harry’s book ‘Luck and a Lancaster‘, I found the following piece that relates to Roy – or apparently ‘Bill’ Osborne:

“Of the three second dickeys whom we initiated, only the first, Bill Osborne survived a tour. He became quite a character on the station. He had a great knack of capturing anyone’s essential features with a few affectionate strokes of the pen. At most times, an Osborne caricature was to be found on the mess notice board.

On the day of my de-mob I bumped into Bill in the corridor of a railway carriage. I was dressed in regulation civvy suit; he, a career pilot flying jets in uniform. Time was moving on and the great days of the Lancaster were already gone”.

Its a tantalising thought that perhaps one of ‘Bill’ Osborne’s caricatures maybe still exists somewhere………

It was now time for the Osborne crew to join the other crews, taking off from Mepal on a late summer afternoon………..

20/09/1944 – Attack Against Calais
Twenty seven aircraft set out as detailed to attack enemy strong points at Calais. They all successfully bombed the target from a low level and an accurate and concentrated raid was reported. Opposition was very slight.

Lancaster Mk.I HK596 AA-O ‘Oboe’ (20)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 14:45 – Landed 17:45
Flight Time 03:00

23/09/1944 – Attack Against Neuss
Twenty six aircraft took off as detailed to attack the Marshalling Yards at Neuss. The target was obscured by ten tenths cloud with tops of 11,000 ft. Most crews bombed below cloud, some explosions and flashes were seen, but results were difficult to assess. One aircraft returned early through the complete failure of the electrical system and a further aircraft bombed the target, but owing to a technical failure, landed at Woodbridge on return. Moderate but inaccurate A.A. Fire was met over the target.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N (5)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 19:25 – Landed 23:55
Flight Time 04:30

25/09/1944 – Attack Against Calais
Twenty seven aircraft took off as detailed to carry out an early morning attack on Calais. They all reached the target and found that ten tenths cloud with 2,000 feet tops and less than 1,000 feet base obscured it. The operation, therefore, had to be abandoned.

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S ‘Sugar’ (10)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:25 – Landed 08:15
Flight Time 20:50

26/09/1944 – Attack Against Cap Gris Nez
Eighteen aircraft took off as detailed to attack a defended locality near Cap Gris Nez. They all attacked the target from a low level and an accurate and concentrated raid was reported. Opposition was negligible.

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S ‘Sugar’ (11)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:40 – Landed 14:26
Flight Time 02:46

28/09/1944 – Attack Against Calais
Twelve aircraft took off as detailed to make an early morning attack on the defended localities near Calais. One aircraft landed at Woodbridge owing to a technical failure discovered shortly after take off. Of the remainder only one aircraft found a break in the clouds through which to bomb the Markers. Ten aircraft had to abandon their mission after circling the target area for a considerable time.

Lancaster Mk.I LM276 AA-S ‘Sugar’ (12)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 07:54 – Landed 10:49
Flight Time 02:55

14/10/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg
Thirty one aircraft took off at dawn to attack Duisburg. Except for one aircraft which returned early, they all dropped their bombs in the built up areas of the town, which was identified visually and with the aid of markers. A moderate heavy A A barrage was encountered from the target area and a few of our aircraft suffered minor damage. One aircraft was damaged in the bomb bay which necessitated it landing at Woodbridge on return

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (36)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 07:00 – Landed 11:05
Flight Time 04:05

21/10/1944 – Attack Against Flushing
Twenty five aircraft took off to attack Flushing. All crews were able to identify the target visually and bombing was reported as being very accurate. A.A. opposition was moderate. One aircraft (Captain 176437 F/O J. Johnson) failed to return, but was seen to be shot down over the target by heavy A A fire.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (37)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:25 – Landed 14:05
Flight Time 02:40

22/10/1944 – Attack Against Neuss
Nine aircraft were detailed to attack Neuss. Eight attacked the target through ten tenths cloud, but results were unsatisfactory. One aircraft attacked Munchen Gladbach being unable to reach the primary target on time.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (38)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:30 – Landed 17:35
Flight Time 04:05

23/10/1944 – Attack Against Essen
Twenty seven aircraft took off as detailed to attack Essen. Ten tenths cloud prevailed over the target but all aircraft were successful in attacking with the aid of marker flares. A A opposition was moderate but no enemy fighters were seen.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (39)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:50 – Landed 21:40
Flight Time 04:50

25/10/1944 – Attack Against Essen
Twenty six aircraft took off as detailed to attack Essen. Twenty three of these attacked the target and bombing was good, built up areas and factories being identified visually. One aircraft brought its bombs back owing to the failure of the bombing equipment when over the target and two other aircraft returned early owing to technical failures.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M ‘Mother’ (46)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:20 – Landed 16:40
Flight Time 03:20

26/10/1944 – Attack Against Leverkusen
Ten aircraft were detailed to attack Leverkusen. They all bombed the target in formation and a successful raid was reported. A.A. opposition was very slight.

Lancaster Mk.III PB132 AA-Y (47)

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:00 – Landed 17:25
Flight Time 04:25

28/10/1944 – Attack Against Cologne
Seven aircraft took off a few hours later to participate in an attack on Cologne. They all bombed in clear weather and identified the target visually. Bombing was concentrated and a large smoke pall was seen on leaving. A.A. opposition was moderate, but no enemy fighters were seen.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (40)
Hit by flak 4 times

F/S Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:15 – Landed 17:15
Flight Time 04:00

31/10/1944 – Attack Against Cologne
Eighteen aircraft took off in the evening to make a further attack on Cologne. Ten tenths cloud prevailed over the target area, but markers were well placed and a good glow from fires beneath the clouds was observed on leaving. A.A. opposition was slight and no enemy fighters were seen.

Lancaster Mk.III NN710 AA-Q (23)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 18:00 – Landed 22:55
Flight Time 04:55

11/11/1944 – Sea Mining in Oslo Fjord
Five aircraft were detailed for minelaying off Horten in the Oslo Fjord. Four aircraft took off and planted their mines successfully in their allotted position but on return the aircraft were diverted to Tain, owing to doubtful weather at base.

Lancaster Mk.I NN710 AA-Q (28)
A/C returned to Tain, owing to unsatisfactory weather at Base

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:25 – Landed 23:00
Flight Time 07:35

16/11/1944 – Attack Against Heinsberg
Twenty five aircraft were detailed to attack an Oil Refinery target at Sterkrade but this operation was cancelled, and the 25 aircraft later took off to attack Heinsberg in support of the advancing American Army, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All crews were successful in bombing the town which was identified visually. On leaving, the whole town appeared to be covered in a thick pall of smoke. Flak was fairly intense but only two of our aircraft received minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (48)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:28 – Landed 17:34
Flight Time 04:06

20/11/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty eight aircraft took off to attack the Oil Refinery Plant at Homberg. Twenty two aircraft in daylight attacked the target in ten tenths cloud with tops at 23,000 ft. which made formation flying very difficult. They carried 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. Results of bombing could not be observed, but it is considered that the raid was unsatisfactory. One aircraft AA/J returned early owing to icing trouble and two aircraft bombed last resort targets at Duisburg and Hamborn. Three aircraft failed to return. These were captained by 185116 F/O R. Gordon, AUS419328 F/O P. McCartin and 152402 F/O H. Rees.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (49)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:47 – Landed 17:28
Flight Time 04:41

21/11/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twenty one aircraft took off to make another daylight attack on the Oil Refinery plant at Homberg, carrying 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. On this occasion weather over the target was clear, and crews reported the bombing to be quite good, both the target and town being identified visually. Several good explosions were observed in the target area. Flak opposition was moderate.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (50)
Hit by flak once

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:28 – Landed 16:52
Flight Time 04:24

23/11/1944 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Twenty five aircraft took off as detailed to attack Nordstern Oil Refinery Plant at Gelsenkirchen carrying 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All aircraft attacked in formation bombing on navigational aids as the cloud was 10/10 with tops at 8000 ft. The attack was thought to be well concentrated, though it was impossible to observe the results. Flak opposition was moderate, but no fighter opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P  (19)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:40 – Landed 17:26
Flight Time 04:46

27/11/1944 – Attack Against Cologne Marshalling Yard
Twenty three aircraft carried out a successful attack on Cologne Marshalling Yard with 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. Flak over the target was moderate but accurate. One aircraft captained by F/O D.P. Leadley landed away at Manston. The crew were unhurt, but the aircraft was damaged.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (51)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:15 – Landed 17:03
Flight Time 04:48

28/11/1944 – Attack Against Neuss
Twenty one aircraft took off as detailed to participate in a night attack on Neuss, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb, 500 lb and Incendiary bombs, together with one 12,000 lb bomb. Twenty aircraft were successful in dropping their bombs using navigational aids and a good concentration of fires was reported. Flak was very slight, the enemy defences appearing to be completely foxed. One aircraft captained by W/C R.J.A. Leslie, D.S.O., A.F.C. carrying the 12,000 lb bomb got in the wrong stream of bombers and bombed Essen.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (52)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 02:50 – Landed 07:25
Flight Time 04:35

30/11/1944 – Attack Against Osterfeld
Eighteen aircraft took off as detailed carrying 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb, 500 lb, and Incendiary bombs to attack the coking plant at Osterfeld. Seventeen aircraft attacked the target successfully through ten tenths cloud with tops 10,000 feet, and the raid was reported as being well concentrated. One aircraft captained by NZ411915 F/O J.A. McIntosh is missing and the aircraft is believed to have had its tail shot away.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (53)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:48 – Landed 15:15
Flight Time 04:27

02/12/1944 – Attack Against Dortmund
Seventeen aircraft took off to make a daylight attack on the Coking Plant at Dortmund. All crews were successful in attacking the target which was covered by 10/10 cloud, tops being about 12,000 ft. and the raid was thought to be successful, though the Bomber stream was not as concentrated as usual. Flak was moderate, but very erratic, and none of our aircraft suffered damage. Bombs carried on this attack were 4,000 lb H.C., 1,000 lb. M.C. and 1,000 lb ANM.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (54)

P/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:36 – Landed 17:36
Flight Time 05:00

05/12/1944 – Attack Against Hamm Marshalling Yards
Twenty one aircraft set out as detailed to attack the Railway Marshalling Yards at Hamm during daylight, carrying 8,000 lb H.C., 4,000 H.C., 500 G.P., 500 G.P. (LD.), 500 M.C., 4 lb I.B. bombs and Munroe bomb. Twenty aircraft attacked the target area through 10/10 cloud but a break in the cloud a little later disclosed bomb bursts to be rather scattered. One aircraft was led astray by the leader, and bombed a last resort target at Heintrop.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (56)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:00 – Landed 14:07
Flight Time 05:07

08/12/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg
Twenty one aircraft took off to make a daylight attack on Duisburg Marshalling Yards carrying 1,000 M.C., 1,000 A.N.M. and Munro Bombs. All aircraft successfully attacked the target and a very concentrated attack was reported, but apart from one report of smoke coming through the tops of the cloud at 15,000 ft., no results were observed. One aircraft “D” captain F/S Wood, J., landed at Woodbridge on return.

Lancaster Mk.I PB761 AA-Y (8)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:37 – Landed 12:37
Flight Time 04:00

23/12/1944 – Attack Against Trier
The twenty one aircraft detailed on the 22nd December took off to attack Trier in improved weather conditions, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 G.P., 500 M.C., 500 ANM., 250 G.P. bombs. The target could be identified visually and T.Is were aimed at by most crews. The attack was reported as being good with very few scattered bombs. Several explosions were seen as our aircraft left the target.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (60)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:50 – Landed 16:10
Flight Time 04:20

27/12/1944 – Attack Against Rheydt
As many crews as possible were required for an attack on Cologne. The target was cancelled and an attack on Rheydt was substituted. Inexperienced and special equipment leaders not being required the offer of 26 was reduced to 20. Aircraft took off carrying 1,000 ANM., 500 ANM., 500 M.C. and 250 G.P. Bombs. Visibility over the target was excellent and crews were able to identify the target, the flares being accurately placed. Clouds of smoke were seen to rise from the target. One aircraft AA”Q” captained by NZ421746 F/O H. Miles failed to return. This aircraft was seen to be hit by bombs and to spiral down.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (61)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:22 – Landed 16:37
Flight Time 04:15

28/12/1944 – Attack Against Gremberg M/Y at Cologne
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack the Gremberg Marshalling yard at Cologne carrying 4,000 H.C., 1,000 ANM., 500 ANM., 500 M.C., and 250 G.P. Bombs. Nineteen aircraft bombed the target and one bombed short due to technical failure. One aircraft AA”S” captained by NZ425292 F/O D. Sadgrove returned early owing to engine trouble. Crews were satisfied that the attack was successful, many reporting smoke rising well above the cloud tops. Slight H/F was experienced, but no fighter opposition.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L ‘Lucy’ (62)
Hit by flak once
F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:01 – Landed 16:57
Flight Time 04:56

30/12/1944 – Mining in the Heligoland Bight
No bombing operations were laid on but four aircraft were required for mining by special equipment in the Heligoland Bight area. All were successful and planted mines as ordered. There was some enemy air activity, three of our aircraft reporting fighters of E/A. One of these, AA”J” captained by F/O E. Parsons, was in combat in which E/A was claimed as damaged.

Lancaster Mk.I PB761 AA-Y (15)

F/O Roy Alvin ‘Ossy’ Osbourne, RAFVR 907181/ 185437 – Pilot.
F/S Patrick Joseph McCarthy, RNZAF NZ424489 – Navigator.
F/S Leonard Roy Harris, RAAF AUS.418404 – Air Bomber.
F/S Derek Mason, RNZAF NZ425850 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Henry Leslie Smulovitch, RAFVR 1866270 – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. S. Petty, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. J. Pryce, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 16:35 – Landed 20:40
Flight Time 04:05

Cambridge City Cemetery – Aircrew headstones recorded

Cambridge City Cemetery CWWG Plot COMPD

A really big thank you to Adrian for taking the time to visit Cambridge City Cemetery to photograph the graves of the 75(NZ) Squadron aircrew who rest there. The 15 airmen that are buried in Cambridge Cemetery are from 8 crews, and were lost during operational and training flights and in one case owing to an extreme act of bravery.

I have decided to group the stones and present the airmen relative to the crews they flew in and the fates that befell them. The are listed in chronological order.

 

Broady crew Broady McWilliam

Sgt Raymond Herbert John Broady (RNZAF NZ39691) was piloting a Stirling bomber on a night flight, on the 28th of November 1942, whilst based at RAF Oakington, where ‘A’ Flight were converting from Wellingtons to Stirlings. Whilst attempting to avoid a head on collision with another Stirling (not a 75(NZ) a/c), his aircraft stalled which resulted in it crashing near Trinity Hall Farm, Oakington. All crew were killed or fatally injured, including a Sgt. Stanley Lawrence Drayton, who it is believed was based on the crew at Oakington.

Initially, Sgt. Robert James McWilliam (RCAF 93977) caused me some confusion – there being little sensible information in the Nominal Roll relating to him – only listing Kenneth Blincoe as his Pilot. The events of the training crash have been pondered over in the blog previously and the scant information regarding the crew on that night was based on hypothesis, based on the last recorded Op the crew flew. It strikes me now that the reason that 2 of these airmen were not killed in the crash is that they had actually left the Squadron – hence perhaps the presence of Robert McWilliam as the crews new Wireless Operator – also, though it seems obvious now – this is why I could find no other report of a crash on the 28th of November…

Sgt Alexander McIssac (RNZAF NZ412891), Rear Gunner, rests in Chevington Cemetery, Northumberland, England, as does the Air Bomber of the crew, Sgt. George Trueman Jobson (RAFVR 1287935). Rear Gunner Sgt Charles Thomas Rogers (RAFVR 1170921) is buried at Crowle (St. John the Baptist Churchyard) whilst the Flight Engineer of the crew, Sgt Ronald Oswald Dibben (RAFVR 1252627) is buried in Ham (St. Andrew) Churchyard.

Sgt. Stanley Lawrence Drayton (RAFVR 1331697), whose identity was the start of the initial research about this incident, rests in Newmarket Cemetery.

More information about the incident that night and the details of the crew that were lost can be read here.

 

Menzies crew menzies dobson

On the night of 8th September 1943, whilst accelerating to take off, the Stirling bomber piloted by F/O. Ian Robert Menzies (RNZAF NZ415002) suddenly veered to the right of the runway and crashed firstly through a petrol bowser and then into two houses on the far side adjoining the perimeter track. It caught fire almost simultaneously, and in the fire, various bombs exploded, causing the aircraft to be a total wreck. Three members of the crew, a W.A.A.F. Officer of R.A.F. Station Mepal and an aircrew Sergeant, and 2 civilians were killed and other civilians were injured.

As well as killing Ian Menzies in the initial crash and explosion, F/O Norman Hathway Gale (RAFVR 849986/151013), the Air Bomber also died and now rests in Bristol (Canford) Cemetery. The Flight Engineer, Sgt Albert Leslie Mellor (RAFVR 943914) succumbed to his injuries and was buried in Buxton Cemetery, Derbyshire.

The aircrew Sergeant mentioned in this description was F/S Peter Gerald Dobson MiD (RNZAF NZ439022), who  was killed by exploding bombs as he went to the assistance of the aircrew crew and the occupants of the houses.
Mention in Despatches (14 Jan 1944):
“For bravery in action and meritorious fulfilment of duty”.

Section Officer Joan Majorie Easton (WAAF/RAF 2986) was also killed when, on attempting to aid the rescue of the aircrew and occupants of the houses, the aircraft’s bomb load exploded. Marjorie rests in Greenwich (Charlton and Kidbrook) Cemetery, London.

Read more about the events of that night here.

 

HURDLE, Walter RNZAF

F/Sgt Walter Hurdle (RNZAF NZ421279), Rear Gunner with Eric Witting’s crew was killed on the 4th of November 1943 during an attack by an enemy aircraft.

The combat report, as is perhaps inevitable for a ‘report’, is stunningly matter of fact, not only about the attack, but also the death of Sgt. Hurdle.

4 November 43 Gardening Baltic Witting

 

Kinross crew Kinross Emmerson Jenkin

Stirling Mk.III EF163 JN-L was one of 4 aircraft from the Squadron that took off to lay sea mines around the Frisian Islands on the 16th December 1943. The aircraft, Piloted by P/O Colin John Kinross (RNZAF NZ417069) crashed at Bidington Farm, Sutton, Cambridgeshire, in part through bad visibility and also, it is theorised, a hung up mine, that may have effected the aircraft’s centre of gravity. Colin and his Navigator and Air Bomber, F/O Ralph Francis Jenkin (RNZAF NZ416119) and  F/S Ronald Harry Emmerson (RAAF AUS.410330) lay in the cemetery.

Sgt Raymond Askew (RAFVR 1477972), Flight Engineer rests in  Seaton Hirst (St John) Churchyard Ashington, Sgt Willis Arthur Savage (RAF 1503913), the crew’s  Wireless Operator lays in Pendelbury (St. John) Churchyard and Sgt. John Albert Warner, Rear Gunner, rests in Bootle Cemetery, Lancashire. The Mid Upper Gunner, Sgt. S. Newman, survived the crash, injured.

 

Blewett WILSON

F/Lt. Terence Douglas Blewett (RNZAF NZ414376) and crew crashed on their return from an attack on Wanne Eickel on the 17th of January 1945. Lancaster PB761 AA-Y, in serious trouble, crashed into a  barn at Wooditton, Suffolk. ‘Tim’ Blewett and the crew’s Air Bomber,  F/O John Stanley Wilson (RNZAF NZ426234) were killed instantly on impact. The Navigator,  F/S Bryant Thomas Cornell (RAFVR 139828) despite the valiant attempts of the surviving crew, succumbed to his injuries and is buried at Southgate Cemetery, Middlesex, England.

Read more about the crash here.

 

Thorpe crew McManus Alfred

On the 26th of February 1945 Lancaster ME450 AA-W crashed on its return from a raid on Dortmund. The aircraft returned with the rest of the Squadron and was seen flying in formation over Mepal, but for some unknown reason crashed soon after, very close to Chatteris gasworks. The crash killed 5 of the 7 crew. The Navigator and Air Bomber,Sgt George William McManus (RAFVR 1806217)  and F/S Joseph McKenzie Alfred (RAFVR 1810280), respectively lay in Cambridge Cemetery. The crew’s Pilot, F/O Noel Humphrey Thorpe (RNZAF NZ428168) lays in Ilford (Barkingside) Cemetery, Essex,Sgt Frederick Henry Saffill (RAFVR 1882066) the Mid Upper Gunner, rests in Maldon Cemetery, Essex and the Flight Engineer, Sgt John Lawrence Duke (RAFVR 2210530), who was only 19 is buried at Stockport Crematorium, having succumbed to his injuries 2 days after the crash.

All these grave stone photographs and others I have already collected have been added to the respective sections of the alphabetical Roll of Honour.