W.J. Wakelin crew 29.10.44

28/10/1944 – Attack Against Flushing
Thirteen aircraft took off as detailed to attack Flushing. The weather was good and bombing was considered to be very accurate. One large explosion was seen at the end of the raid. Opposition from A.A. fire was slight but a few of our aircraft suffered minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M Mother

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:04 – Landed 11:29
Flight Time 02:25

29/10/1944 – Attack Against West Kapelle
Fourteen aircraft took off to attack a target at West Kappelle. They all bombed as instructed by the Master Bomber and bombing was reported as concentrated, although it was thought to be slightly away from the correct aiming point. No opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I ME750? ??-?

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:06 – Landed 12:30
Flight Time 02:24

30/10/1944 – Attack Against Wessling
Six aircraft took off to attack a target at Wesselling. Bombing was reported as being rather scattered. A.A. opposition was moderate to intense, but only one aircraft suffered damage.

Lancaster Mk.I ME753 AA-N

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 09:05 – Landed 13:45
Flight Time 04:40

31/10/1944 – Attack Against Bottrop
Six aircraft took off as detailed to attack a target at Bottrop. they all attacked the target in formation and a fairly concentrated raid was achieved. A.A. fire over the target was intense but all of our aircraft returned safely.

Lancaster Mk.III PB132 AA-Y

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:50 – Landed 16:35
Flight Time 04:45

04/11/1944 – Attack Against Solingen
Twenty one aircraft took off to attack Solingen in daylight, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb, 500 lb, 4 lb incendiaries and No.17 Clusters. All crews dropped their bombs in the target area, but the raid appeared to be scattered. Flak opposition was moderate. One aircraft captained by NZ428797 F/O J. Scott, failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M Mother

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
P/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:40 – Landed 16:20
Flight Time 04:40

05/11/1944 – Attack Against Solingen
Eighteen aircraft detailed to make a second attack in daylight on Solingen carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb, 500 lb, 4 lb inc. No.17 Clusters. All crews were successful in bombing in formation and reports indicate that bombing was more concentrated than in the previous raid.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M Mother

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:50 – Landed 15:10
Flight Time 04:20

08/11/1944 – Attack Against Homberg
Twelve aircraft took off to attack the Oil Refinery at Homberg in daylight carrying 8,000 lb., 4,000 lb., 1,000 lb., 500 lb., and No 14 Clusters.  All crews report identifying the target visually through breaks in the clouds, and bombing was fairly concentrated, much smoke and many explosions were seen around the target.  Flak defences were moderate, but no fighter opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I NF935 AA-P

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 07:51 – Landed 12:28
Flight Time 04:37

15/11/1944 – Attack Against Dortmund
Twenty five aircraft were detailed for an attack an the Soest Marshalling Yards, but this operation was cancelled and the same aircraft took off to attack an Oil Refinery at Dortmund in daylight, carrying 4,000 lbs and 500 lbs bombs. All aircraft were successful in bombing in formation through ten tenths cloud with tops 10,000 ft. and a concentrated raid was reported. Flak was reported as being fairly accurate by the leading aircraft, but none of our aircraft were hit.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M Mother

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:25 – Landed 17:35
Flight Time 05:10

16/11/1944 – Attack Against Heinsberg
Twenty five aircraft were detailed to attack an Oil Refinery target at Sterkrade but this operation was cancelled, and the 25 aircraft later took off to attack Heinsberg in support of the advancing American Army, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All crews were successful in bombing the town which was identified visually. On leaving, the whole town appeared to be covered in a thick pall of smoke. Flak was fairly intense but only two of our aircraft received minor damage.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M Mother

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 13:27 – Landed 17:39
Flight Time 04:12

21/11/1944 – Mining in Oslo Fjord
Three aircraft took off to lay mines in the Oslo Fjord. Two aircraft planted their mines in good visibility and without opposition. One aircraft captained by NZ417082 A/F/L L. Martyn, failed to return.

Lancaster Mk.I NN751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
P/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:22 – Landed 23:37
Flight Time 08:15

23/11/1944 – Attack Against Gelsenkirchen
Twenty five aircraft took off as detailed to attack Nordstern Oil Refinery Plant at Gelsenkirchen carrying 4,000 lb and 500 lb bombs. All aircraft attacked in formation bombing on navigational aids as the cloud was 10/10 with tops at 8000 ft. The attack was thought to be well concentrated, though it was impossible to observe the results. Flak opposition was moderate, but no fighter opposition was encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M Mother

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:57 – Landed 17:43
Flight Time 04:46

28/11/1944 – Attack Against Neuss
Twenty one aircraft took off as detailed to participate in a night attack on Neuss, carrying 8,000 lb, 4,000 lb, 1,000 lb, 500 lb and Incendiary bombs, together with one 12,000 lb bomb. Twenty aircraft were successful in dropping their bombs using navigational aids and a good concentration of fires was reported. Flak was very slight, the enemy defences appearing to be completely foxed. One aircraft captained by W/C R.J.A. Leslie, D.S.O., A.F.C. carrying the 12,000 lb bomb got in the wrong stream of bombers and bombed Essen.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 02:55 – Landed 07:32
Flight Time 04:37

08/12/1944 – Attack Against Duisburg
Twenty one aircraft took off to make a daylight attack on Duisburg Marshalling Yards carrying 1,000 M.C., 1,000 A.N.M. and Munro Bombs. All aircraft successfully attacked the target and a very concentrated attack was reported, but apart from one report of smoke coming through the tops of the cloud at 15,000 ft., no results were observed. One aircraft “D” captain F/S Wood, J., landed at Woodbridge on return.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:39 – Landed 13:07
Flight Time 04:28

11/12/1944 – Attack Against Osterfeld
Seventeen aircraft attacked Osterfeld carrying 4,000 H.C., 1,000 ANM., 500 G.P., 500 G.P. (L.D.), 500 M.C. and Munro Bombs. No results were seen owing to 10/10 cloud over the target. Slight flak was the only opposition encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/S Vernon John Zinzan, RNZAF NZ425314 – 2nd Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
W/O Frederick Noel Chambers, RAAF AUS.413736 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 08:46 – Landed 12:54
Flight Time 04:08

16/12/1944 – Attack Against Siegen
Eighteen aircraft took off to attack Siegen in rather poor weather conditions, carrying 1 x 12,000 H.C., 8,000 H.C., 4,000 H.C., 1,000 H.C., 500 cluster 4 lb and 4 lb I.B. Bombs. Three returned early with icing trouble. The main body experienced dense cloud and were unable to formate until they reached 30K. All crews bombed the target, several being able to see a built up area through occasional gaps in the dense cloud cover. It is concluded that the attack was successful. Some fighter and flak opposition was noticed en route, but our aircraft experienced no difficulty.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:13 – Landed 17:40
Flight Time 06:27

14/12/1944 – Sea Mining in Kattegat Area
Four aircraft took off in the afternoon to lay mines in the Kattegat area. All were successful and returned safely to Lossiemouth.

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-U

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:00 – Landed 22:40
Flight Time 07:40

21/12/1944 – Attack Against Trier
Fourteen aircraft were detailed to attack the above target in daylight. Crews bombed by instruments in ten tenths cloud. Results were unobserved. NZ42397 F/L I. Hannan landed at Mendlesham on return, but reached Base later the same evening.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O Percival McDowell Johnston, RNZAF NZ4215865 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:14 – Landed 17:11
Flight Time 04:57

27/12/1944 – Attack Against Rheydt
As many crews as possible were required for an attack on Cologne. The target was cancelled and an attack on Rheydt was substituted. Inexperienced and special equipment leaders not being required the offer of 26 was reduced to 20. Aircraft took off carrying 1,000 ANM., 500 ANM., 500 M.C. and 250 G.P. Bombs. Visibility over the target was excellent and crews were able to identify the target, the flares being accurately placed. Clouds of smoke were seen to rise from the target. One aircraft AA”Q” captained by NZ421746 F/O H. Miles failed to return. This aircraft was seen to be hit by bombs and to spiral down.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot. P/O Roderick Bruce Crawford, RNZAF NZ427551 – 2nd Pilot.
F/S Arthur Leonard Humphries, RNZAF NZ428244 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
F/S John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:32 – Landed 17:22
Flight Time 04:50

28/12/1944 – Attack Against Gremberg M/Y at Cologne
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack the Gremberg Marshalling yard at Cologne carrying 4,000 H.C., 1,000 ANM., 500 ANM., 500 M.C., and 250 G.P. Bombs. Nineteen aircraft bombed the target and one bombed short due to technical failure. One aircraft AA”S” captained by NZ425292 F/O D. Sadgrove returned early owing to engine trouble. Crews were satisfied that the attack was successful, many reporting smoke rising well above the cloud tops. Slight H/F was experienced, but no fighter opposition.

Lancaster Mk.III PB427 AA-U

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
S/L Charles Fray Ormerod, RNZAF NZ413340 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
F/S John De Hoop, RAFVR 1810752/ 191161 – Wireless Operator .
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 12:02 – Landed 17:22
Flight Time 05:20

01/01/1945 – Attack Against Vohwinkel
Twenty one aircraft were detailed to attack Vohwinkel, in datlight. Nineteen aircraft took off, seventeen of which attacked the primary target. F/O McMillan attacked a last resort target. NZ40984 W/Cdr. R.J. Newton and NZ429286 P/O R. Aitchison as second pilot, failed to return. There was very little opposition in the target area.

Lancaster Mk.III LM544 AA-J

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/O John Murray Watts, RNZAF NZ427239 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
F/S John De Hoop, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Ronald Creasey, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:54 – Landed 21:51
Flight Time 05:57

02/01/1945 – Attack Against Nurnburg
Eight out of nine aircraft attacked Nurnburg as detailed, carrying 4,000 H.C., 2,000 H.C., 500 M.C., 500G.P., 500Cluster No. 15 and Munro bombs. NZ403980 F/L K. McMillan in ‘U’, returned early owing to engine trouble. A good attack was reported and visibility was good. Crews reported a large explosion, Fires were seen 100 miles away.

Lancaster Mk.III LM733 AA-R

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
S/L Charles Fray Ormerod, RNZAF NZ413340 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 15:10 – Landed 23:06
Flight Time 07:56

05/01/1945 – Attack Against Ludwigshafen
Twenty one aircraft attacked Ludwigshafen, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 G.P. 500 M.C., and Munro bombs. Visibility was clear. H/F was met, but all aircraft returned safely. A scattered raid was reported.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
F/L Arthur Gethin Creagh, RNZAF NZ404340 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
Sgt. John De Hoop, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 11:24 – Landed 18:11
Flight Time 06:47

28/01/1945 – Attack Against Cologne (Gremberg)
Twenty aircraft attacked Cologne (Gremberg) as ordered, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 M.C. “50 G.P. and Munro bombs. Cloud broke to nil just before the target and crews were able to identify the marshalling yard. Accurate slight to moderate H/F was met over the target. No fighters were seen. Bursts were seen on the marshalling yard. All returned to base.

Lancaster Mk.I HK562 AA-L

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
P/O Peter Allen Holt, RNZAF NZ4211049 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
F/S John De Hoop, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Frank Watts, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:07 – Landed 16:11
Flight Time 06:04

29/01/1945 – Attack Against Krefeld M/Y
Nineteen aircraft attacked Krefeld marshalling yard in ten tenths cloud, carrying 4,000 H.C., 500 ANM., 500 M.C., and 250 G.P. Bombs. Aircraft bombed in formation with the aid of instruments. A good concentration was reported. Slight H/F over the target was the only opposition encountered.

Lancaster Mk.I ME751 AA-M

F/L Wylie James Wakelin, RNZAF NZ391390 – Pilot.
S/L Charles Fray Ormerod, RNZAF NZ413340 – Navigator.
F/O Graham Barker Appleby, RNZAF NZ422653 – Air Bomber.
F/S John De Hoop, RAFVR – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. R. Leveridge, RAFVR – Flight Engineer.
Sgt. Ronald Creasey, RAFVR – Mid Upper Gunner.
Sgt. T. Kennedy, RAFVR – Rear Gunner.

Take Off 10:10 – Landed – time not readable
Flight Time –