W.M.C. Williams crew 06.04.40

06/04/1940 – Reconnaissance and Nickel over the Areas of Bremen and Verden
As captain of aircraft No.P.9207 I was detailed to carry out a reconnaissance and Nickel Operations over areas of BREMEN and VERDEN as detailed in No.3 Group Form B.102 25/3/40.
I was airborne FELTWELL at 19.25 hours and immediately set course for the turning in point off the German coast which was 54° 06′ N. 06° 00′ E. Navigation was by D/R and D/F fixes with Astro fixes as check. A tune in was made on a D/R E.T.A. and the target area was easily located with the aid of the bright moonlight prevailing at the time. Canals and rivers stood out very clearly.

Nickels were dropped on a run between the two towns and after he reconnaissance was completed, course was set for Base, which was reached at 01.20 hours without any further incident and a landing made at 01.30 hours. Throughout the whole of the journey, numerous searchlights were encountered, but they failed to locate the aircraft. No A.A. fire was encountered.

Wellington Mk.1A m AA-
Raid No. PCB.148 River Weser

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Murphy, RAF – Front Gunner.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 19:25 – Landed 01:30
Flight Time 06:05

12/04/1940 – Search for enemy warships off the coast of Norway
As Captain of aircraft p.9210 I took off in a formation consisting of 8 aircraft from No.37 Squadron and 4 aircraft of No.75(NZ) Squadron in search of enemy warships reported off the coast of Norway. Course was set from Base at 09.16 hours and the formation climbed to a height of 8,500 feet before settling down to steady flight, above 8/10 cloud. As the Norwegian coast was approached the weather deteriorated, so the formation came down to 500 feet, but eventually had to split up.

After flying through a heavy rain squall, better weather was experienced and I re-joined formation on aircraft P.9206 )S/Ldr.Kay) the only other aircraft in sight. As no enemy ships were sighted course was set for Base, which was reached at 15.15 hours without any further incident.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9210 AA-Y

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Murphy, RAF – Front Gunner.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 09:15 – Landed 15:15
Flight Time 06:00

21/04/1940 – AALBORG AERODROME
As Captain of aircraft P.9210 I took off at 18.30 hrs on 21st April 1940 and set course for AGGER on the Danish coast at 18.38 hrs. We climbed on the course to 6,000ft at-1/2 boost and 2200r.p.m. and thereafter cruised at -2 boost and 2200 r.p.m. At 19.15 hrs D.R. position 53° 20′ N. 02° 00′ E, we sighted a small vessel, possibly a destroyer, proceeding South East at approximately 25 knots, which on observing out aircraft began zigzagging. I instructed the navigator to report the position and course of the vessel by syko, but the W/T Operator was unable to pass the message to Base. We crossed the Danish coast at 21.10hrs approximately 20 miles South of BOVBJAERG light which was flashing one white flash every 5 seconds and thereupon altered course to due North to pick up landmarks. Visibility was very good with bright moonlight and we proceeded to climb to 8,500 ft and after sighting the coast North West of AALBORG, we turned onto 090* to run up on the target, the locality of which was easily discernable owing to the small inland in the estuary directly opposite the aerodrome. We approached the target at 8,500ft and were subjected to intense and accurate searchlight activity the aircraft being held continuously by the searchlights in spite of evasive action and desynchonisation of aircrews. Considerable light flak opened up from the vicinity of the aerodrome and two heavy flak batteries to the North and North East of the aerodrome opened fire. The light flak failed to reach our height, but the heavy flak was frequently within 100yds of our aircraft and accurate for height. On this run the bomb aimer failed to locate his target owing to intense searchlight glare and we turned North over AALBORG town and thereafter attacked the target from North to South being subjected to accurate heavy flak continuously. Bombs were dropped in the order incendiary, 40lb G.P. and 250lb G.P. bombs, the bomb aimer reporting good sighting on the target and on diving away from the target area a large fire was observed burning in the vicinity of the aerodrome. Searchlights were of a blueish white colour and were concentrated mainly in the aerodrome area. Two heavy flak batteries were also noted on the opposite side of the estuary to the aerodrome. The Black-Out over DENMARK was very effective and no movements of traffic, railways or ships were seen. No enemy aircraft were seen. We set course for FELTWELL at 22.00 hrs and at 00.47 hrs commenced homing on MILDENHALL crossing the English coast at 01.05 hrs and landing at FELTWELL at 01.30 hrs. Navigation throughout was by D.R. assisted by D/F fixes and homing bearings. We were unable to obtain Astro sights owing to the failure of the sextant lighting.

Distance covered = 1,043 miles.
Petrol Consumption = 73.1 galls per hour.
Oil             ”                 = 1/2 gall per hour

Wellington Mk.1A P.9210 AA-Y
Raid No. TCB.173

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Murphy, RAF – Front Gunner.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 18:35 – Landed 01:35
Flight Time 07:00

10/05/1940 – Bombing attack on Waalhaven Aerodrome
Three Wellington Aircraft carried out individual attacks on the WAALHAVEN (ROTTERDAM) Aerodrome, in accordance with instructions contained in Form :B” 132 of 10th May 1940.
Each aircraft carried the following bomb load 12 – 250 lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T. only. TCB.189 reported that target was located with difficulty, assisted by flare dropped by a preceding aircraft. A stick of 6 bombs dropped from 2000ft observed to hit at 20 yards intervals among the aerodrome buildings. Remainder of bombs dropped 200 yards S.W. of buildings from same height. TCB.190 reported that two runs with sticks of 6 bombs each dropped. First stick and two bombs of second stick seen to strike the buildings, while remaining four fell on aerodrome. All turrets used their guns on buildings. TCB.191 reported that after a dummy run over ‘Drome, 12 bombs also dropped in two sticks. Hits observed on aerodrome surface from centre to perimeter, 5 bombs falling just on Northern edge. Surface appeared well pitted with bomb craters, some of which were still smouldering. Large fires reported by all crews, mostly in South east part of ROTTERDAM. Very little A.A. Fire encountered, and searchlights feeble, not in usual groups. No enemy aircraft seen, weather good and clear, but dark owing to the absence of moon.

All aircraft were safely landed at Base by 02.50 hours on 11th May 1940.

Wellington Mk.1A P.9209 AA-B

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:35 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 03:15

21/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Aachen and Dinant)
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets, six on target AACHEN and two on target DINANT.
All aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T. bombs each.

KCB.248 dropped 12 bombs on Marshalling yards and scored direct hits, and also KCB.249.

KCB. 252 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.

KCB.253, KCB.256, KCB257 successfully attacked target, but unable to observe results due to intense searchlight activity. KCB.256 proceeded and attacked Power Station on S.E. of MAASTRICHT dropping three sticks of two bombs each. Two hits seen on railway siding beside station.

KCB.267 attacked road and rail bridge at DINANT, all strikes very near.

KCB.266 also on target failed to return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
F/O Samuel Miles Mackenzie Watson, RAF 77026 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
AC Frederick James Read, RNZAF NZ39871 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 04:55

25/05/1940 – Bombing Operations over Enemy Territory (Target AR.10) and Reconnaissance of Area Between Courtrai and Brussels
Six aircraft detailed to carry out attacks on target AR.10 and two to carry out Reconnaissance between COUTRAI and BRUSSELS, which was to last for 1hr. 40mins. One of the six (NCB.292) returned to base with engine trouble, developed whilst crossing English coast on outward journey. Each aircraft carried 12 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T.

No troop movements seen by NCB.286 over reconnaissance area, but a railway junction was successfully bombed at ENGHIEN, eight direct hits being seen. NCB.289 carried on reconnaissance after NCB.286, but also unable to observe enemy movements, so bombs were dropped on main road at OPPASHELT and rail junction at NINOVE, with direct hits.

NCB.293 reports that he bombed the wood around the target area, and bursts were seen but no results observed. Small lights in wood machine-gunned for 3 minutes, Owing to adverse weather conditions NCB.294 unable to locate target, but road junction with convoy of vehicles crossing was attacked with a stick of 12 bombs being dropped.

NCB.295 also unable to locate target, so decided to attack COUTRAI – AUDENARDE road dropping 6 bombs, and one hit observed. Remaining 6 bombs dropped on AUDENARDE 0 GHENT road just North of EYNE, two direct hits observed. Many large fires started by NCB.296 who located target by aid of parachute flares. At 00.59 hrs. target was located by NCB.297 who precision bombed same from 8,500ft, bombs observed to burst, and many fires started.

On the whole black-out was good, but many large fires seen around OSTEND, DUNKIRK, and CALAIS. One miles North of EECLOO a flare path observed, but thought to be a dummy. Majority of aircraft experienced light and heavy flak in vicinity of targets. Searchlights being very active at all main target areas, and operating in large groups. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather not good, heavy rain squalls experienced. Navigation by D/R and Map, and D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:20 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 04:35

31/05/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target G.1 Nieuport
Nine aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target, but one failed to locate same and returned to BASE with bombs.
Seven aircraft carried 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs while remaining two carried 14 – 250 lbs G.P. bombs each. PCB.320 reports that he dropped bombs in three sticks of 4,5,6 bombs each, first caused violent explosions and large fires in target area. Second and third seen to burst near first, no accurate observation made. PCB.321 reports that lights observed on road S.E. of NIEUPORT and stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs dropped. Large fire started, numerous red and white flashes commenced after burst. All lights went out.

PCB.324 failed to locate target at NIEUPORT but attacked dock area at OSTEND with stick of 14 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs. Many direct hits registered on docks.

PCB326 first dropped single bomb from 4,500 ft. and direct hit on town observed, two sticks three bombs then next dropped at different times one burst starting a large fire.
PCB.327 failed to locate target and returned to base with bomb load.

PCB.329 attacked target by level bombing from 3,000ft. Three bursts observed in town, and one bomb on second run a direct hit on road which joins OSTEND – NIEUPORT.

PCB.330 dropped stick of 7 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs and hits observed on main road junction on East side of town.

PCB.332 reports that owing to smoke over target area, impossible to see results of dropping 7 – 500lbs. G.P’s in stick from 3,500ft.

Due to bad visibility over the target area, PCB.335 bombed enemy activity searchlights and A.A. Battery two miles South of POPERINGHE.

Night was poor for observations due to low cloud and smoke pall, but many lights seen along beach, artillery in region of GRAVELINES and many large fires round DUNKIRK.

Very little A.A. Fire experienced, searchlights around OSTEND, and one in target area active. Some put out of action by machine-gun fire. No enemy aircraft seen Weather not the best, 10/10 cloud being predominant and heavy rain showers experienced.
Navigation by D/R and Map reading on way out and by D/R and homing bearings on return.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
AC Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 23:20 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 04:05

03/06/1940 – Bombing Attack on Target A.28 DUSSELDORF
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, and all carried same bomb load 1.e. 8 – 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T.., 1 – 250lbs. 8hr delay, and one case of incendiaries each.

PCB.339 attacked the target in a level bombing run from 11,000 feet bombs were dropped in a stick of 9 and a number of direct hits were observed and a small fire was started. PCB.341 located the target and precision bombed it with two sticks, height 9,000 feet. The only results observed were those of the incendiaries which burst about 200 yards West of Target.

PCB.346 reports that the target was located without difficulty. All bombs were dropped in one stick from a height of 9,000 feet. Owing to glare of searchlights, bursts were not observed, although it was thought that the target was most likely hit.

PCB.347 reports he carried out his attack from 12,000 feet. A stick of 5 – 250lbs. Bombs being dropped on the target and a further 5 dropped on a wharf at UDESHEIM which could be seen quite clearly by the aid of a parachute flare.

PCB.348 had the misfortune to develop engine trouble when only 5 miles from the target. Searchlights were bombed in the vicinity of KREFOLD two bombs and one container of incendiaries dropped on what appeared to be a factory in VENLOO, hits observed and a fire started.

PCB.353 All bombs were dropped in a stick and were seen to straddle the target, which they found already burning. The incendiaries themselves fell right beside the fire at the target and greatly intensified same.

PCB.354 reports dropping a stick of 9 – -250lbs. G.P. and one container of incendiaries across the target. Near misses were observed and fires were started in the proximity of the target. A dull red fire emitting clouds of black smoke was also seen near the Eastern boundary. Owing to the industrial haze accurate observations could not be made.

PCB.355 reports that the target was located from 10,000 feet at which height he carried out a level bombing attack. On the first run over, and attempt to drop the bombs in a stick failed, so a second run was made and bombs released in a salvo.

Direct hits were observed an explosion occurred followed by a large file, which could still be seen burning a long time after the aircraft had set course for Base.

All aircraft crews report very heavy A.A. Fire in the region of ROTTERDAM airport. There appeared to be many misleading lights in the target area. Presumably the idea being that these would be bombed instead of the real objective. Outside of these odd lights the black-out over the whole of the area was extremely good. Some curious flares were observed off the Danish coast in position 51° 40’ N, 02° 36’ E. These appeared to be stationed on the water.

Very little flak was experienced by any of the aircraft in the target area and such as was, was not very accurate. For miles around the target area searchlights were in great numbers and were very active. Due to ground haze, they appeared to have difficulty in locating the aircraft, but pilots report that if they were held for any short period, no trouble was experienced in getting out of same again. PCB339 and PCB.353 report that thy each had a single engine aircraft fly near them while approaching the target area.

The night was good, there being practically no cloud during any part of the route, a slight ground haze made the target fairly hard to locate Fog was encountered on returning to Base, and some aircraft had to be directed to other aerodromes.

Navigation was by D/R and Map reading on the outward journey and by D’R and homing bearings on the return trip.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. PCB.355 A.28

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:20 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 05:05

05/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Cross-Roads and Marshalling Yards at CAMBRAI
The seven aircraft were detailed to carry out individual attacks on above target.
Two aircraft carried 6 – 500lbs. bombs each (GP) while remaining five carried 12 – 250lbs. bombs each (GP).

PCB.367 reports that the target was located from the lights of flares dropped. The target was precision bombed from 9,000ft, one 500lbs. G.P. bomb was dropped on South East road junction. A stick of 3 – 500lbs. bombs was then dropped on the road running North East out of town, results not observed due to the local ground haze.

PCB.368 also located that target with aid of parachute flares and carried out a shallow dive attack from 10,000 to 7,500ft, from which height bombs released. Two runs made, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs dropped on each run. Sticks seen on main crossroads after each run.

PCB.369 failed to locate given target, so carried out attack on enemy searchlights. Convoy bombed in vicinity of target. Bursts seen, but results unobserved owing to widespread haze.

PCB.370 made run across target from 9,000ft and dropped 6 – -500lbs. bombs in a slow stick. Hits again not seen due to local haze on ground.

PCB.371 attacked railway line and junction at CAMBRAI, dropping all bombs in slow stick, and estimated to have straddled target. Haze again interfered with observations etc..

PCB.372 reports that owing to an error in identifying target DOUAI bombed instead of CAMRAI.
Six 250lbs. bombs dropped in level attack at 6,000ft. One bomb observed along side of railway yard. Next a factory on South side of town attacked and remainder of bombs dropped in two runs. Four bursts observed some 200 feet short of target.

PCB.373 attacked WSW and SSW approaches to town dropped 12 – 250lbs in two sticks. Haze and glare of searchlights prevented results being observed.

Aerodrome on West side of DOUAI reported blazing fiercely after heavy bombing. Only little inaccurate light flak reported over target area, but heavy over DOUAI. Searchlights numerous at all town centres. With about 30 around target itself. A clear sky encountered over whole journey, but heavy ground haze made observation difficult.
Navigation by D\R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. PCB.372 Cambrai

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:10 – Landed 02:00
Flight Time 03:50

07/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on CHIMAY, ST. VALERY, ABBEVILLE, PONT REMY
Eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks and allotted targets. Seven aircraft carried 8- 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T. and two 500;bs. G.P. bombs, but PCB.376 carried 5- 250lbs. G.P. N.D.T. and six containers of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.

PCB.376 reports that target located after dropping large delay parachute flare. Two 250lbs. first dropped on road junction, and then containers of incendiaries. Numerous explosions observed and fires started. Remaining 2 – 250lbs. bombs dropped on road junction one mile South of BAILLEUX. Hits observed. Woods and searchlights then machine-gunned from 1,500ft.

PCB.387 allotted target ST.VALERY, which he located and dive bombed with stick of 6 – 250lbs G.P. bombs. Fell across road, rail and canal, and hits observed. A second stick dropped by dive bombing, and one 500lbs. bomb seen to be direct hit on road bridge across SOMME. All bombs released from 1,200ft after diving 3,800ft.

PCB.388 allotted same target as PCB.387 and reports that he dropped all bombs in stick from 9,00 feet. Bridge seen quite clearly and bursts seen in cluster on bridge head junction.

PCB.389 on same target, bombed it with 2 – 250lbs, and 2 – 500lbs. bombs, carried out in a dive from 5,000 – 3,000ft. Aerodrome at ABBEVILLE and cross-roads on ABBEVILLE – HOSDIN road then attacked with 3 – 250lbs. bombs on each objective. Bursts seen, but results no observed.

PCB.390 also on target ST.VALERY, but one hour late in take off due to an enemy air raid alarm, with a result that on reaching target area, found to be covered with low fog and after flying around for a time task given up and bombs brought back to base.

PCB.391 reports that 2 – 250lbs. and 2 – 500lbs. dropped on PONT ST.REMY, results unobserved. 6 – 250lbs bombs then dropped on mechanised convoy on ABBEVILLE – AUXI LE CHATEAU road. Hits were registered.

PCB.392 unable to locate bridge at PONT REMY owing to heavy smoke haze. ABBEVILLE bombed with 6 – 250lbs. bombs in three runs at 6,000ft. ABBEVILLE aerodrome then attacked with remaining bombs. Bursts observed on SW side of landing ground.

PCB.393 reports that due to very bad ground haze unable to pin-point object of attack. So very persistent searchlight and single A.A. gun attacked. Next stick of 5- 250lbs. and 2 – 500lbs, bombs dropped on Eastern extremity of PONT REMY. Bursts seen, results unobserved.

Due to low lying fog and smoke haze over most of target area, little activity seen on ground. Very little A.A. fire experienced by any of aircraft concerned, although PCB.387 whose aircraft was machine gunned from bridge head at ST.VALERY found one bullet hole in Starboard wing, causing extensive damage to main spar.
Very little activity by searchlights.

A clear cloudless sky encountered over whole of journey, but heavy ground haze made location of target difficult, and fog at Base on return necessitated two aircraft PCB.389 and PCB.391 to be directed to other aerodromes.
Navigation by D/R and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. PCB.392 PONT REMY

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:05 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 04:25

09/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks over Enemy Territory
All aircraft carried 4 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. and 6 containers of incendiaries.

FCB.395 on target ROCROI and G.5, reports that he dropped 4 containers of incendiaries in target areas and forest fires started. Four 250lbs. G.P. bombs dropped on ROCROI and seen to burst through town, but results unobserved.

FCB.394 on target ROCROI and REVIN, located river MEUSE on E.T.A. by parachute flare and position finally fixed at REVIN. Two 250lbs. bombs dropped from 5,000ft on road 1 mile South of REVIN. Fires started in woods by incendiaries, and had good hold before aircraft left area. A near miss on ROCROI fell on road NW of town. Vehicle machine gunned 2 miles West of THOROUT and lights extinguished.

FCB.397 allotted target CHAREVILLE & G6, started four large fires in area of G6, and dropped stick of 4 – 250lbs. bombs on CHARLEVILLE starting two large fires of a dull red and circular nature.

FCB.402 bombed target G9 with incendiaries, and large fire started in woods between MONTHERME and BRAUX. A stick of four 250lbs. bombs dropped on MEZIERES, owing to intense searchlight glare results not observed.

FCB.411 on target ROCROI and REVIN reports that woods precision bombed with 6 containers of incendiaries and 2 500lbs bombs, starting small fires and causing small explosions, a large blue flash followed immediately by a yellow flash observed. Two 250lbs. bombs dropped over ROCROI from 9,000 feet, again searchlight activity prevented observations.

Heavily defended part of CHARLEVILLE bombed by FCB.396, searchlights extinguished, and load of incendiaries dropped on target G6 close to river. Numerous fires started and explosions caused.

Other aircraft on target G9, FCB.403 reports attacking target by dive bombing dropping incendiaries on woods, starting fires. Town of MEZIERES bombed with 250lbs, bombs but one held up and brought back. Little activity between DUNKIRK and CHARLEVILLE target area heavily defended, numerous white moving lights seen in woods North of G.6 Intense and accurate A.A. fire experienced in target area and FCB.402’s aircraft hit in Port wing by shrapnel splinters. Searchlights intensively accurate all over target area. FCB.402 heavily machine-gunned same, without visual effect. One HE110 seen by FCB.395single engine machine fired at FCB.411, but sheared off after retaliation by rear gunner. Weather cloudless and clear in target area. Navigation by D/R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3167 AA-N
Raid No. FCB.402 G9

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 01:55
Flight Time 03:55

11/06/1940 – Special Duty to ‘PAMELA’
59 aircraft, including six 75 Squadron Wellingtons, bombed various targets in Germany and France. All of the 18 Wellingtons carried out incendiary raids on Black Forest targets in an attempt to cause widespread forest fires. This was one of the British pre-war ‘Western Air Plans’. There is no evidence that the forest attacks or other fire-raising attacks on the German harvest (which continued over several weeks) brought any success. They were considered a waste of effort when things were going badly for Britain,

Six aircraft and crews proceeded on Special Duty to “Pamela”.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour*, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis*, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard*, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall*, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

*Owing to the lack of crew details recorded for this Op, the crew is proposed, based on preceding and following records.

Take Off m – Landed m
Flight Time –

13/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G9 and G6.
Three aircraft carried 6 – 500lbs G.P. bombs each, while remaining four carried 12 – 250lbs. bombs each.

KCB.422 reports that due to bad weather in vicinity of target unable to locate same, so dropped bombs on aerodrome at CALAIS. Bursts observed, but no results obtained due to searchlight activity.

KCB.423 located and attacked target, but did not observe result of bomb bursts due to local haze.

KCB.424 failed to locate target due to 10/10 cloud at 1000ft. Attacked dock area at BOULOGNE after search, in shallow dive to 6,000ft, dropping all bombs. Hits observed and big explosion seen to occur.

KCB.425 also failed to locate target, so carried out attack on approaches to LE TOUQUET.

KCB.430 located his target and carried out attack from 10,000 feet dropping 6 – 500lbs bombs in stick. Bursts seen on objective, but results not known.

KCB431 attacked target with 3 – 500lbs bombs the only result observed on road junction at Eastern edge of town. Other 3 – 500lbs bombs independently dropped on A.A. batteries with good results.

KCB.433 successfully located target and was about to attack town when convoy of approximately 12 vehicles seen. Convoy then object of attack and 4 – 500lbs bombs dropped. Three direct hits seen, remaining bomb falling on road ahead of first vehicle. Two other 500lbs bombs dropped on outer edge of latter, bursts seen but damage not known. Attack carried out from 6,000 feet in shallow dive.

Due to bad weather around target areas, no observations were made.
A.A. Fire fairly intensive, but inaccurate light flak experienced by most of crews while in vicinity of target. Heavy flak fire not encountered by any of crews concerned.

Searchlights fairy active over whole of target area and at all main towns encountered on route to and from targets.
No enemy aircraft encountered.
Weather on route, not good, 10/10 cloud experienced up to 10,000ft. In area of target G6 fairly good, but heavy ground haze at G9 made pin-pointing difficult. Navigation by D/R and homing bearings and visual fixes.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. KCB.424 G9

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:05 – Landed 02:10
Flight Time 04:05

17/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.73.
Seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks on target A.73 in RUHR district.
Five aircraft carried 9 – 250lbs bombs (GP) and one containers of incendiaries each, while remaining two carried 4 – 500lbs G.P. bombs and one containers of incendiaries each.

LCB.446 reports that he located target and dropped stick of 9 – 250lbs bombs and container of incendiaries from 10,500ft on course 020 degrees (M) approximately. Bursts seen on target and fires started in vicinity.

LCB.447 precision bombed from 14,500 feet. A dummy run and then 4 – 500lbs bombs dropped and another run dropping container of incendiaries. Expected good results because of lack of interference from the enemy, although not observed.

Owing to excellent weather conditions prevailing LCB.448 located target without difficulty, but searchlights proved troublesome. Whole bomb load of 4 – 500lbs and container of incendiaries dropped in level attack from 10,000ft. Bursts being observed and fires started by incendiaries.

LCB.452 made bombing attack steering 120 degrees. All bursts observed and bombs seen to straddle road and railway and continue towards target. Two larger explosions observed during bursts. After initial bursts fires appeared to be fading, as apparently incendiaries had not fallen on a vulnerable spot.

LCB.453 dropped all bombs in one stick in a dive attack from 7,500ft. Middle bomb of stick seen to score direct hit on road immediately to East of target and latter half of stick disported themselves within target area. Incendiaries caused medium fires.

Target attacked in shallow dive by LCB.454 5 – 250lbs bombs dropped on first run, falling on railway lines West of target. In second run 4 – 250lbs bombs straddled target, but incendiaries fell short.

Owing to error in map reading LCB.455 dropped five bombs on river west of DUSSELDORF. After realising mistake flew to target and dropped remainder of bombs. Three members of crew reported small fires caused.

Air light at ANTWERP reported still functioning by LCB.454, and dummy flare paths seen in various places. Balloons observed flying in most areas around RUHR. Light and heavy flak experienced by all in target area. Searchlights in great force in and around target area, due to large number aircraft operating in district, pilots had no difficulty in keeping out of beams. No enemy aircraft observed. Weather good, slightly hazy in target area. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. LCB.448 A.73

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:00 – Landed 02:00
Flight Time 04:00

24/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets F.19 & A.108
One of eight aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks, five carried 7 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each, remaining aircraft on target A.108 carried 10 – 250lbs bombs and one case of incendiaries each.

LCB.483 reports that no results observed due to heavy haze over target area.

LCB.484 reports that bombs dropped in stick at base of a dive, interval between bombs of .5 second, but results of 350lbs bombs not observed.

LCB.485 unable to locate exact position of F.19 so bombs dropped from E to W on South side of KASSEL. One 250lbs bomb observed to burst, and fires started by incendiaries, large explosion followed by a gush of white flame from centre of the fires.

LCB.489 located target by following autobahn and river from MUNDEN. Bombs dropped in stick in shallow dive from SW to NE, bursts observed. Have prevented further observations.

LCB,490 attacked secondary target (M434) at HAMM (Railway Marshalling Yards). Weather conditions made task difficult. Whole bomb loads dropped from 12,000 ft. Railway lines seen clearly in Marshalling yards and bursts seen in vicinity, large fires observed to follow.
Target F.19 not attacked by KCB.491 town and Eastern approaches not distinguishable. Flak Battery at KASSEL bombed, ceased firing, aerodrome buildings at LIPPSTADT, and flak Battery on outskirts of MUNSTER, where incendiaries caused fires. Battery did not resume fire.

LCB.501 reports DORTMUND located and although actual factory not seen, vicinity located and bombed. All bombs being dropped in one stick and all bursts observed, but results could not be ascertained. High level attack at 9,500 feet.

In target area a flare dropped by LCB.502 which illuminated target, but extinguished before bombing run completed. No other flares dropped due to thick haze. Blast furnaces in vicinity of A.108 then attacked at 00.35 hours from 9,000 feet. Bomb bursts seen, but no material damage observed. A few small fires started, but did not last more than 2 minutes.

Two balloons observed flying over KASSEL area, and flare path extinguished ay KASSEL aerodrome on approach of first aircraft. Both light and heavy flak experienced over targets. Searchlights numerous and active, and around all main towns. Weather fair throughout, heavy haze over target made identification difficult. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. LCB.485 F.19

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:35 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 06:20

26/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets M.431, H.49, and M.122
Each of Eight aircraft who took part from this Unit carried 8 – 250lbs. N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs. 6hr. delay bomb, and 1 – 250lbs 12 hr. delay, and one case of 4lbs. incendiary bombs.

DCB.513 reports that results not observed owing to heavy haze over target area.

DCB.514 dropped bombs in stick and three large fires started, and several smaller ones West of target, one very large white explosion observed.

OSNABRUCK located by DCB.515 and level attack from East to West carried out, on Marshalling yards.
Bombs observed to burst on marshalling yard and incendiaries started numerous fires on buildings. Fires were punctuated with many explosions followed by gushes of white flame, still burning when target left.

DCB.516 reports bombs dropped on railway bridges one mile east of VOLLINGHOUSEN. All bombs seen to burst and flaming debris appeared to come to great height. Damage felt to be severe. Bombing height 3,000ft.

DCB.517 reports that bomb load dropped in one salvo, which it is estimated hit target in SE corner. Numerous small fires started, which caused small explosions sometime after target had been left.

Bombs dropped in one stick in level attack by DCB.518 and bursts observed on aerodrome and three in buildings. Large explosion followed burst of one bomb, and for large fires were started.

DCB.519 reports that primary target (M122) Marshalling yards at SCHWERTE located and believed bombed successfully from 12,000ft. Close stick dropped on SW course and eight bursts observed by rear gunner in vicinity of target, and also fires.

Original target at SCWERTE not located by DCB.520 due to thunderstorms, but SCHIPOL attacked by dive bombing from 9,000ft to 2,500ft. A stick of 10 bombs and incendiaries dropped right across aerodrome WSW – ENE about 250 yards from hangars. First three bursts seen, but searchlights prevented anything being seen.

A number of dummy flare paths observed, exact positions not definitely pin-pointed. Balloons seen over HAMM, and A.A. fire fairly intense over OSNABRUCK, very heavy over WAALHAVEN and SCHIPOL. Searchlights very intense over all target areas. Weather not good, thunderstorms prevalent making observations difficult in most areas. Icing experienced above 8,000ft in clouds. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. DCB.515 M.431

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 02:20
Flight Time 04:40

28/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target C.37.
Eight aircraft took part from this Squadron carrying 9 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 250lbs 6hr. delay bomb and one case of 4lbs incendiaries each, to attack individually target C.37 Chemical Works at KOLN.

CB.521 carried out attack in shallow dive releasing bombs at 5,000ft. No actual strikes were observed but large explosion occurred on target few seconds after bombs released, assumed they found their mark. Dropped from SE to NW corner.

CB.552 located target after search of 1½ hrs, first four bombs seen to burst, followed by sympathetic bursts all around. Four fires seen Green, Orange and two White. Only one white fire remained burning.

CB.525 unable to identify target accurately at COLOGNE so successfully attacked WAALHAVEN aerodrome at ROTTERDAM. Close stick dropped and nine bursts observed, six being on target, but no fires seen.

Owing to thick haze over Rhine CB.526 reports impossible to identify main target C.37. Bombs dropped in stick from 10,000ft. Bursts observed on aerodrome and fire started.

CB.529 unable to pin-point target after a thorough search, so bombed Blast furnaces two miles East of centre of COLOGNE. These were precision bombed dropping whole load, observed to burst in stick 100-150 yards on South side of furnaces. Small fires caused, further results not observed due to rapidly approaching daylight.

CB.530 made full use of small lake and patch pf woods to West of target, and bombs dropped in stick from 11,000ft, but no bursts seen due to intense searchlights activity, while hits assumed to be registered.

CB.531 carried out dive attack dropping stick of bombs. A fire broke out, and rear gunner reported several small explosions, after setting course for base.

CB.532 reports target located by bend in river Rhine with aid of parachute flares after 20 minutes search, and a level attack fro 11,000ft carried out from North to South, dropping bombs in stick. All 500lbs bombs observed to burst in target area.

Many balloons seen over all main areas in RUHR and flying over COLOGNE at 10,000ft, approx. 10 balloons. A.A. particularly heavy in RUHR, and over ANTWERP. Searchlights also intense over RUHR and over all main centres. Fog experienced on return to base with result that three aircraft had to land at WYTON as directed by control at base. Navigation was by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3165 AA-L
Raid No. CB.532 C.37

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:30 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 04:15

30/06/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Forest South of FRANKFURT
Six aircraft from this unit started out to attack above target individually, with object of setting fire to same, but unfortunately one aircraft had to return to base due to burst oil pipe in rear turrets. (CB.543).

Five of aircraft carried sic containers of 25lbs incendiaries, while sixth machine loaded with six 250lbs special type incendiaries.

CB.541 reports five large fires seen to be burning when left the target area, one in village of WALLDORF, which he claims was bombed inadvertently.

CB.542 reports a line of fires two miles long laid on course 230 degrees Mag. From FRANKFURT. Attack carried out from 11,000ft. Target area left at 00.25hrs, and for distance of 15 miles 14 fires still seen to be burning until cloud obscured them. Thought that fires would not spread to any degree.

In case of CB.543 when over North Sea at 22.40hrs Rotating Service Joint on rear turret blew out, flooding turret with oil and placing turret U/S. Was decided to return to base, rather than carry on.

Bombs dropped from 9,000ft by CB.544 at nine second intervals, to give half mile interval. Bombs not observed to burst, but four small isolated fires observed at approx. 5 minutes after bombs dropped.

CB.545 reports that area given to bomb located after some difficulty bombs were dropped as per instructions. Fires seen to start, but greatly diminished before leaving, but did not completely go out.

An exact pin-point could not be obtained, but position determined as just South West of FRANKFURT. Every ½ miles bombed in circle, but fires did not persist.

Balloons seen to be flying at COLOGNE and over FRANKFURT, and a little inaccurate light flak over latter experienced. Many hundreds of searchlights over the RUHR and a few at FRANKFURT, while none over target itself.

Weather good throughout trip, over target area ground haze made observations difficult. Ground fog experienced on return to base and three aircraft landed safely at WYTON where they were directed.

Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 dnc AA-O
Raid No. CB.543 Forest South of FRANKFURT

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 00:10
Flight Time 02:25

02/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.28 in Ruhr
Five aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above target, but due to poor weather conditions prevailing over the whole target area, alternative targets attacked.
Four aircraft carried – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 2 – 250lbs G.P. 6hr delay, and one container of incendiaries each, while remaining aircraft’s load made up of 4 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 1 – 500lbs 12hr delay and one case of incendiaries.

CB.557 reports that no attacks were made by him. CB.558 reports that bombs dropped in stick on buildings on dock area of ROTTERDAM. Salvos greeted by gushes of flame and tiers of blue sparks consistent with results expected, were the target a Power House or Ammunition Dump. Target situated to West of ROTTERDAM on river to coast, and bombs dropped from 3,500 feet.
After some difficulty in locating target or suitable target, dock area at ZEEBRUGGE attacked in a shallow dive, and bomb load with exception of 3 – 250lbs bombs, which failed to release, was dropped. Six hits observed, many explosions and fierce fires started.

CB.563 reports, two sticks of bombs dropped in vicinity of NEUZS. Height 11,000feet. Time 02.15 hours. Four bombs were observed to burst and the incendiaries caused fires.

On part of CB.564 owing to failure of generator and consequent failure of batteries, decided to return to Base, after having flown 50 miles in from coast. Endeavour made to drop sticks on four bombs searchlight concentrations at aerodrome GLIZE-RIJEN, but only one bomb released. Jettisoning action also taken over sea, but with no effect, so remaining bombs brought back to base.

No important observations etc., made.
A.A. fire heavy over original target area. Although aircraft were above 10/10 cloud most of time A.A. fire was still heavy.
All main towns and target area, had intense searchlight activity going on.
Weather very poor 10/10 cloud experienced most of time as low as 2,000 feet making positioning difficult. Navigation by D/R and home bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3169 AA-?
Raid No. CB.559 A.28

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:45 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 06:10

06/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.1 – Submarine Yards at BREMEN
Five aircraft from this unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks on the above target, but due to extremely bad weather conditions the operation was not a complete success. Only two aircraft reached target and dropped bomb load, remainder returned to base with load intact. CB.580 had trailing aerial carried away due to lightning and bad weather at base was cause of his being ordered to land at ABINGDON, which eventually he eventually did at 03.45 hours.
A very mixed bomb load ordered. Two aircraft carried 4 – 500lbs. N.D.T. and 1 – 250lbs. G.P. 18 hr delay each, CB.584’s load consisted of 3 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 1 – 500lbs 18hr delay and 1 – 250lbs bomb fused N.D.T., while the remaining two aircraft carried a load of 6 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 2 – 250lbs bombs fused 6hr delay and one case of 4lbs incendiaries each.

CB.579 reports nil results as bombs were all bought back.

Cb.580 reports a stick comprising the whole bomb load was dropped at 00.30 hours through gap in the clouds from 8,000 feet. No results were observed.

CB.584 reports, Nil results observed. A dive attack was made from 12,000 feet to 8,500 feet the bombs being released at the base of the dive.

CB.585 reports, on reaching Dutch coast by D/R navigation flying blind in thick 10/10 clouds, we altered course to base owing to severe icing conditions and trouble with blind flying instruments. We reached an altitude of 11,000 feet and descended to as low as 4,000 feet and were still in cloud at that time.

Target reached by CB.586 at 00.20 hrs after flying through 10/10 cloud from English coast to Germany. A 40 minute search was carried out but it was found impossible to locate BREMEN owing to low cloud. Secondary target at WILHELMSHAVEN also could not be located. Bombs accordingly brought back to base.

Owing to poor weather conditions, nothing of importance was observed. While over target area heavy flak fire experienced by four of aircraft, this was fairly accurate for height, but at all times was seen bursting behind.

Searchlights ineffective at all times due to heavy cloud.

Weather very poor and unfit for the operation detailed. 10/10 cloud was experienced from the English coast to well into the target area, this was from as low as 2,000 feet to 14,000 feet in places. Navigation was by D/R and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3159 dnc AA-K
Raid No. CB.586 D.1

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:15 – Landed 03:50
Flight Time 05:35

14/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.10, M.434, & M.116
Total number of bombs carried by seven aircraft detailed to carry out individual attacks was:-
47 – 250lbs. bombs of mixed delay.
4 – 500lbs. By CB.608, in addition, each aircraft carried 1 case of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.605 reports, target could not be definitely located in time available. Railway marshaling yards at STADE were attacked from level flight at 9,000ft. One stick was dropped and five bursts observed approximately 100 yards short of the yards.

CB.606 reports, bombs dropped in one stick from 8,000ft after dive from 10,000ft. Owing to searchlight glare and violent avoiding action taken after release of bombs, no results were observed.

A high level attack, 15,000ft, was carried out by CB.607, but owing to enemy opposition, searchlights and A.A., no results were observed. One bomb and incendiaries hung up, but dropped on the Southern part of HAMBURG.

All bombs released in one stick at 15,000ft over target by CB.608. Bombs seen to burst with large sheets of flame slightly to South of target with the last two bombs in target area.

CB.618 attacked marshalling yards at HAMM successfully from 12,000ft. Five bursts observed and two very large fires started and seen burning fiercely 40 miles away on return journey.

CB.619 reports, five 250lbs. bombs seen to burst in town, and three in marshalling yards. All incendiaries seen to fall in marshalling yards, also, causing fires visible after 20 minutes flying on homeward course (50 miles).

Target area reached by CB.620 after diving through layer of cloud at 10,000ft. SOEST identified by means of parachute flares. A level attack from West to East at 9,000ft carried out on marshalling yard at 030.30hrs. Five 250lbs bombs seen to burst on marshalling yard, and incendiaries caught buildings on Southern edge of target, starting two strong fires, which were still raging fiercely when area left 40 minutes later. More fires seen to start at 00.55hrs.

Balloons seen at heights from 6,000ft to 14,000ft over HAMBURG, BREMEN etc., Intense heavy and light flak over entire area.
Searchlights very active over whole area.
Weather was fair. Targets were located despite the local ground haze.
Navigation was D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.620 M.116

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 22:05 – Landed 03:25
Flight Time 05:20

20/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.70 and A.71
Nine aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out individual attacks on targets above. The Squadron suffered its second loss, since the beginning of Operations in March 1940, when CB.650 (F/O. Watson, Captain) failed to return.

CB.639 reports, two attacks, consisting of two sticks of 5 bombs each were dropped over the target at 00.33 hours. Height 5,000 feet. Previously to this another aircraft had dropped incendiaries in same area. Fires and explosions from other aircraft’s bombs, on target, but few from incendiaries which dropped little to West of actual area. EINDHAVEN flare path bombed with stick of 3 – 250lbs. bombs at 22.35 hours by CB.640. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Target A.70 located and bombed at 00.25hrs. Bursts observed and fires observed to break out and gradually increased.

CB.641 reports, being unable to identify target, bombs were dropped from 9,500ft in one stick on railway junction at KAMEN. Last two bombs observed to burst in railway yards.

CB.648 located target after waiting for cloud to disperse and doing several dummy runs. Believed bombed successfully as four bursts observed on N.E. corner of works and fires started across railway line.

CB.649 reports, the incendiaries seen to burst on Southern extremity of target. The 250lbs bombs were not observed owing to cloud over target.

Level attack from 10,800ft made by CB.651 from N.E. to S.W. on target A.71. Three hits obtained on N side of target, remaining bombs appeared to undershoot. Several small fires started followed by minor explosions.

A high level attack carried out from 14,000ft by CB.652. One large flash observed and number of small fires. One red and two green.

CB.653 reports, the target located without difficulty, being made so by light of moon and excellent landmarks. Bombed from 11,000ft in one stick on straight run over target. Results unobserved.

Balloons seen up to 14,000 feet in many towns over RUHR. Heavy flak experienced over WESEL and all target areas, accurate for height etc./ Searchlights over whole area.
Three H.E. 113’s attacked CB639 over WESEL. (i) above and astern (ii)Starboard qtr and below. (iii) below and astern. No.(ii) shot down in flames, No. 3 assumed disabled. No.1 attacked 3 times afterwards.
Weather fair, visibility good, throughout whole of journey. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings. The moon was quite advantageous in helping to locate the target.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.651 A.70

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. James Norman Ritchie, RNZAF NZ391386 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:40 – Landed 02:50
Flight Time 05:10

25/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets, F.18, M.434, and KASSEL
Nine Wellington aircraft were detailed to carry out the above operations. The Squadron suffered its third loss since began operations when CB.661 (F/O Coleman) failed to return. CB.668 returned to base after being out for 2 1/2hrs, due to electrical trouble.

Total bomb load carried was:- 40 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – 250lbs G.P. bombs fused 6hr delay 3 – 500lbs G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., 7 – containers of 4lbs incendiaries.
CB.654 reports, original target A.19 GOTHER not attacked due to low visibility, so aerodrome at KASSEL attacked. Bombs dropped from 12,000ft in level attack. Hits unobserved due to concentrated flak and searchlights.

One 250lbs bomb dropped on flare path of aerodrome at LIPPSTADT by CB.655. Fell just outside aerodrome. Flare path extinguished and remained so. Stick of 4 – 250lbs, G.P.’s and 1 – S.B.C. dropped from 7,000ft on target F.19 from S.E. to N.W. Two fell short, one burst on boundary road to S.E., one and incendiaries hit buildings in area. Large fires started, burning red, green and orange. Explosions in fires lit up aircraft at 7,000ft. above target. Five bundles Nickels dropped between KASSEL and GOTHA.

CB.656 reports, unable to locate F.18, owing to 6/10 low cloud at 2,000ft. Attacked target F.19 in dive bombing attack from 10-8,000 feet, releasing stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs fused N.D.T. and one container of incendiaries. Results unobserved due to light and heavy flak and searchlights, violent evasive action taken.

Results not observed by CB.659 owing to ground haze and intense searchlight and heavy flak activity.

A dive attack made by CB.660 from 11,000ft – 8,000ft the bombs being dropped in stick at base of dive. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity.

CB.666 unable to locate target due to ground haze, stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs burst on flare path at DUISBURG. Fires started, flare path at EINDHOVEN also bombed with 6 – 250lbs bombs and incendiaries. Run up excellent. Results not observed due to cloud. Time 00.30 hours.

CB.667 reports, bombs had to be released in order to evade A.A. fire. No results observed.
Owing to electrical failure CB.668 returned to base after 1hrs flying. No bombs dropped.
Balloons flying at all main towns, marked increase in number of flare paths to target, thought to be dummies.

A.A. fire heavy over SCHIPOL, ROTTERDAM, KASSEL, GOTHA and intense in the RUHR. Searchlights active over whole area. Three enemy fighters seen by CB.659 over PADERBORN, no attack made. 5/10 cloud experienced most of way and local haze persistent over RUHR etc. Cold frost met on reaching English coast on return, and heavy and low cloud.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.656 F.18

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot. P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 03:55
Flight Time 06:40

28/07/1940 – Bombing Attacks on targets A.8, A.73, and M.434.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.

Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights etc.,

CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.* or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.

Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnaces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.

CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.

Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.

CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.

Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.679 A.8

P/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:50 – Landed 04:35
Flight Time 06:45

03/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target A.71 at HORST
Nine Wellington aircraft from this unit detailed to carry out individual attacks on above, but due to heavy ground haze over target area, attacks had to be carried out on various other targets, with success. Low 10/10 cloud encountered on returning to base and aircraft directed to other aerodromes. CB.692 crashed when attempting a forced landing, due to engine failure. The Captain, S/Ldr. Collet, was killed, but the five remaining members of the crew escaped with injuries.
A combined bomb load was carried.

Stick of bombs and S.B.C. dropped by CB.693 down flare path at approximate position 51° 42’ North, 6° 53’ East.

CB.695 located target and bombed. Results of 250lbs bombs not observed, but incendiaries seen to miss target.

CB.695 almost reached primary target, but owing to engine trouble, returned and bombed SCHIPOL aerodrome, believed successful. Height 19,500ft on North Westerly course. Four bundles nickels dropped near target.

CB.696 reports, extensive large fires started by incendiaries in target area. Results not seen of 250’s.

CB.697 located target after search of 45 minutes and dropped stick of 5 – 250lbs bombs and one S.B.C. at 00.15hrs from 12,000ft in level attack. Two bursts observed amongst lights in target area and extinguished same. Incendiaries failed to function, reason not known. Line of six Blast Furnaces on Eastern outskirts of GLADBECK also attacked with stick of 4 – 250lbs N.D.T. bombs from 12,000ft. Four burst observed 200 yards South of Blast Furnace.

CB.698 failed to locate primary target owing to ground haze, and searchlight activity over area. Marshalling yards at HALTERN attacked. All bombs dropped in one stick, bursts seen and explosions followed, and considerable damage thought to be done.

CB.699 failed to locate target owing to ground haze and searchlights. SCHIPOL aerodrome attacked from 4,000ft. Results not observed owing to intense opposition.
CB.700 did not locate primary target owing to haze and searchlights, but bombs dropped from 10,000ft in one stick on aerodrome at BUER. Two bursts observed. What appeared to be dummy Blast Furnaces, seen in target area, and usual light and heavy flak experienced, seems to be more intense around SCHIPOL. Searchlights intense and very active. CB.693 followed back to English coast by three unidentified aircraft. Weather poor, low visibility, 10/10 cloud as low as 300ft on return. Navigation by D/R, W/T fixes, and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.697 A.71
F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:25 – Landed 03:05
Flight Time 05:40

06/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.73 and A.28.
Night not good for nine Wellington aircraft detailed from this Squadron to carry out individual bombing attacks on above targets. 10/10 cloud experienced as well as heavy ground haze over Germany, making observations difficult.
Total number of bombs carried by aircraft was as follows:- 46 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T. 11 – 250lbs. G.P. bombs fused ½ – 18hr delay. 8 – 500lbs. G.P. bombs fused N.D.T., and 7 cases of 4lbs. incendiaries.

CB.676 reports, bombs were dropped in one stick from 11,000 feet. Bursts not observed owing to cloud and searchlights. Rear Gunner observed a small fire on leaving the target area.
Bombs dropped on target by CB.677 – targets A.75, bursts unobserved due to haze and searchlights etc.,

CB.678 reports a stick was dropped from 16,000ft. across the docks on the North side of the river at HAMBURG. Nil results observed owing to intense ground activity and cloud layer.
Found impossible to locate either target A.8 or A.9 by CB.679, due to 8/10 cloud at 9,000ft. Aerodrome at STADE attacked, dropping 4-500lbs. bombs. After the attack red hanger lights extinguished, but goose neck flare path remained lit. Dived to 1,000 feet, made two circuits, while front and rear gunners heavily machine gunned flare path and hangers.

Target not located by CB.682. Bombed twin blast furnaces in RUHR. Stick of bombs appeared to straddle target. A fire started near furnaces by incendiaries. CB.683, nil results to report. Returned to base owing to adverse weather conditions.

CB.684 unable to locate target A.75 due to ground haze, so decided to attack one of aerodromes on Dutch coast. Port motor failed while looking for suitable target, so bombs jettisoned in sea. An S.O.S. was sent, but homed by MANSTON, and when within sight of MANSTON Port engine picked up, enabling aircraft to land at base.

Primary target A.75 also not located by CB.685 owing to bad visibility and cloud. Apparent blast furnace 15 miles West of A.75 attacked and also WESEL aerodrome. Which was being used. Results unobserved due to searchlights, but bombs should have dropped on flare path just as an aircraft was landing.

CB.688 reports , bombs dropped in two sticks. Only one bomb observed to burst, which was estimated to drop approximately 4 miles South of Hamm.

Due to ground haze no important observations were obtained. A.A. fire intense and fairly accurate in all target areas and searchlights active. Severe weather conditions over Dutch coast. Navigation by D/R, visual observation and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3159 AA-K
Raid No. CB.724 A.28 (Hamborn attacked as secondary target)

F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:30 – Landed 02:45
Flight Time 05:15

09/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.84.
Nine Wellington aircraft from this Unit took off to attack targets L.84 and Z.53. Eight were detailed to attack L.84 and one Z.53. Latter target not attacked by CB.744 who was detailed, as area searched for 1 ½ hours, but ground obscured by 10/10 cloud at 2,000feet, therefore bombs brought back to Base. Other than this, operations on a whole were successful, although primary target not attacked in each case, but other military objectives. Original target not located by CB.728, but aerodrome at GLIZE attacked, releasing bombs in one stick from 5,000ft, bursts observed, but damage could not be estimated.

After dropping second flare CB.729 located target, and after this had died out dropped bombs in one stick from 9,000feet. Bright green flashes seen among bomb bursts, and several big explosions, and fires.

CB.730 reports, bombs dropped on target and fires started at 23.08 hours.
On way in to target L.84, CB.731 discovered EINDHOVEN aerodrome with boundary lights in, decided to bomb it, stick dropped on same and three bursts observed, large fires started by incendiaries, and all lights extinguished on aerodrome.

Bombs were dropped at 22.55 hours from 14,000ft by CB.732, bursts appeared to be South of target. Three separate level attacks were carried out by CB.733 from West to East, from 11,000ft. Five bursts observed on East side on first attack, on second run eight fierce fires started on West side, numerous small explosions, and one violent explosion with vivid white flash. Last attack, good steady run dropping two 18hr delay bombs. Nickels dropped over target prior to bombing.

Target located and precision bombed by CB.734, height 12,000ft. Three bombs observed to burst, unable to see results. After 1 ½ hours search, 3 bombs dropped on target L.84 by CB.735 and two bombs on flak battery at KOLN. Number of flares noticed over North Sea, some appeared to be in water, other of slow descending type.

A.A. fire exceptionally heavy over target area and all main towns, heavy flak improving in accuracy for height and direction. Searchlights very active over whole area. No enemy aircraft observed.

Weather rather hazy in RUHR area, making observations very difficult, low 10/10 cloud was met on returning to base. Navigation by D/R, visual fixes and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.733 L.84
F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:10 – Landed 01:50
Flight Time 04:40

13/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets G.82, L.82, and D.7.
Of the nine aircraft detailed from this unit, eight were on bombing raids, while ninth, CB746 was to carry out Photographic reconnaissance of STETTIN DOCKS in Baltic. Weather again hindered operations, due to 10/10 cloud over practically whole of N.W. Germany.

CB750 reports, target area of G.82 obscured by 10/10 cloud from 600ft. Search made, but no suitable target found in vicinity, so course set for base and bombs bought back.

Target not located by CB.751 owing to cloud. 3 250lbs. bombs and 1 – S.B.C. dropped at DORSEL on road and rail junction showing evenly spaced shaded lights. Incendiaries caused fires. Unable to ascertain damage owing to cloud.

Target located and believed bombed successfully by CB.752. Ground haze made it difficult to identify target accurately. Four bursts observed in target area.

CB.753 reports, both primary target and alternative target at FRANKFURT were covered with thick layer of cloud at 7,000ft. Bombs were brought back as no suitable target discovered, either in Germany or HOLLAND. Nickels dropped over FRANKFURT.

Stick of three bombs dropped on flare paths of aerodrome at VUGHT by CB.759. Bursts observed short of runway, at 22.20hrs. Target not located due to 10/10 cloud. Marshalling yards at ROERMOND bombed and fires started at 23.35 hours.

CB.760 reports, bursts appeared to straddle target, but observation difficult owing to haze.
Owing to low cloud and haze, target not located by CB.761 bombs were brought back.

CB.762 reports, bombs dropped at 23.30 hours. Explosions not seen owing to searchlights. Large fire seen in target area some minutes after course had been set for home.

CB.746, who was detailed to carry Photographic Reconnaissance, reports, photographs spoilt by either A.A. shell bursts or a searchlight.

No important observations or reconnaissance made. A.A. fire exceptionally heavy and accurate around target L.82. Little heavy flak received at G.82, but this all fired through 10/10 cloud.
Searchlights very active in RUHR. CB.746 reports, being attacked by an ME110 South of Kiel. The ME was eluded by going into cloud.

As for the weather, 10/10 cloud covered practically whole of areas detailed to bomb.
Navigation by D/R, and homing bearings, while CB.746 used Astro extensively, with great success.

Wellington Mk.1 – AA- ?
Raid No. CB.753 G.82 (did not bomb)

F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Douglas Veale Gilmour, RAF 36240 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Gutteridge, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 02:30
Flight Time 05:30

15/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Target L.85.
Attacks taken all round were very successful, nine out of ten aircraft detailed from this Unit finding and bombing primary target.

Two level attacks made by CB.774 from 11,000ft. Explosions illuminated aircraft at this height. Incendiaries started several small fires, but quickly extinguished after about 5 minutes.

Three level attacks carried out by CB.775 from 9,000ft West to East. Many hits observed on buildings and incendiaries started many fierce fires. One terrific explosion with vivid white flash and many minor explosions occurred.

CB.776 reports, bombs seen to fall in target area. Large fire started which could be seen for a considerable distance on homeward journey.

CB.777 reports, target successfully attacked. Fires started. One stick at 10,000ft.

Target located and stick dropped across target, by CB.776. Small fires started, smoke plainly visible. Bombs dropped in level stick by CB779 from 10,000ft from South to North. Bursts observed across target AND SEVERAL fires started. Explosions followed, in fires. Nickels dropped N.W. RUHR.

CB.750 reports, one run at 8,700ft, hits believed observed. Second run at 9,000ft, dummy. Third run 8,700ft, hits almost certain. Large columns of white smoke observed over target.

Primary target could not be definitely identified by CB.781, owing to scattered cloud and searchlights. Bombs dropped in stick from 9,000ft on railway junction at LUNEN. Two bombs observed to straddle main crossing and remainder fell along Northern railway line.

No difficulty in locating target by CB.782 and perfect run up made at 11,000ft. Bombs dropped in stick from this height, and hits believed to have been made on target.

Target located and precision bombed by CB.783. Height 12,500ft. Time 23.36hrs. Wireless Operator observed three bomb bursts with white flashes on E of target.

Balloons observed to be flying at 12,000ft over AMSTERDAM, DORTMUND, AND HAMM.
A.A. Fire was heavy and accurate in the RUHR area.

Searchlights very active over the whole area. Enemy aircraft were observed , by about three crews, one seen trailing one of our sorties, in target area, but after a series of bursts by Rear Gunner, made off.
Weather, moderate 4/10 cloud over target, but this cloud did not hinder operations. Visibility was perfect.
Navigation was by D/R, and visual observation mainly, although homing bearings were used in some cases.
“All our aircraft returned safely”.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.775 L.85
F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
Sgt. E. N. Smith , RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Gutteridge, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:45 – Landed 02:00
Flight Time 05:15

17/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.97, K.62 and M.434
Ten Wellington crews from No. 75(NZ) Squadron, were detailed to carry out bombing operations against the enemy. One aircraft, CB.606 (F/L. Adams) returned to base after being out 20 mins due to W/T electrical trouble, as sometime was taken over repairing this defect, that particular sortie was cancelled altogether.

CB.793 unable to locate target owing to 10/10 cloud covering area, but owing to a shortage of petrol, bombs were jettisoned at D/R position 51° 26’ N, 10° 53’ E.

Numerous fires reported to be already burning in target area, when CB.794 bombed, and further large fires broke out after attack. Petrol tanks observed to explode, and high columns of thick black smoke rose from fires. Glare on cloud still visible for 15 minutes after leaving target.
A level attack made by CB.795 from 9,00ft and 5 – 250lbs. bombs dropped in stick. Incendiaries brought back owing to selector switch being accidentally knocked up. 250lbs. bombs caused two large explosions on large factory buildings.

CB.796 failed to locate target A.97 owing to 8/10 cloud and thick haze in area. After searching for half an hour course was set for SOEST. Marshalling Yards at SOEST attacked in shallow dive from 8,000 to 7,00 feet at 01.10hrs, a stick of 6 – 250lbs. bombs being dropped. Bursts not observed, owing to heavy accurate flak fire.

Target located at 23.30 hours by CB.799 and stick dropped across. Fire started and visible for considerable distance.

CB.800 reports, a level stick at 10,000ft. Bombs hit aerodrome. Incendiaries hit buildings casing thirteen distinct explosions and explosions were still appearing as aircraft set course for home. One good fire was left burning. Nickels dropped between KASSEL and ESCHWEGE.
CB.801 reports, bombs seen to fall on lines of Marshalling Yards.

CB.802 reports, identification of target made difficult by low cloud and ground haze. Flares dropped by other aircraft and half an hour spent in identifying target. Shallow dive attack from South and stick of bombs dropped on North end of target. Result and bursts not observed owing to cloud.

CB.807 reports, primary target not located owing to 9/ 10 cloud and haze. A string of lights which appeared to be an aerodrome attacked..

Balloons again reported to be flying in the RUHR area.
Heavy flak was experienced by most aircraft on target A.97 in the region of MUNSTER and UTRECHT. This was reported to be good for height and accuracy. Searchlights very numerous over the whole of the target area.
10/10 cloud was encountered practically over the whole of the route, with the exception of the RUHR.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, Astro and homing bearings.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.796 A.97 (Soest attacked as secondary target)

F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
Sgt. Alfred Joseph Green, RAF 741824 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 20:35 – Landed 03:35
Flight Time 07:00

19/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets D.4, A.17 and M.431
Ten Wellington aircraft from this Unit were detailed to carry out operations against enemy. For the attack on target D.4 at Kiel, weather was against the raiders, with result that main objective was not located, so secondary targets in that area were successfully bombed.
Bomb load consisted of 250lbs. bombs fused N.D.T. 250lbs. bombs fused 6 – 18hr delay, and containers of incendiaries.

CB.810 located target 9KIEL) and six bomb bursts were observed on subterranean oil plant North of the town on the river bank. The Battleship GNEISENAU was not observed owing to low cloud.

A stock of 6 – 250lbs bombs was dropped by CB.811 from 13,000 feet, on same target as CB.810. These were seen to burst across KRUPP’S yards.

CB.812 failed to locate the primary target owing to 10/10 cloud in the target area. The object of an attack was their DE KOOY aerodrome in Northern HOLLAND. Six 250lbs. bombs were dropped from a height of 5,000 feet. Bursts were observed but damage not estimated.

CB.813 did not attack primary target owing to cloud, even after making four runs. The buildings on the side of the fitting out basin 1,100 yards 200°T from Primary target were attacked by dive bombing 13,000 – 8,000ft. Bursts observed on area.

The target area was located by CB.814 from a height of 15,000 feet and after flying around at this height for 30 minutes bombs were dropped in stick along the bank. Owing to 7/10 cloud being over the target at the time, bomb bursts were unobserved.

CB.815 reports, that although a search was made for an hour he was unable to locate KIEL owing to low cloud and fog on the coast. At 02.00 hours a shallow dive attack at 8,000feet was carried out on WANGEROOGE aerodrome, a stick of 6 – 250lbs bombs being dropped. No results were observed.

CB.822 reports that owing to 10/10 cloud in target area, primary target was not attacked. Bombs were dropped from 6,000 feet in one stick on aerodrome at De Kooy. Believed hits but no accurate observation possible.

CB.823 reports that target was not located due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction at WUNSTORF straddled with stick, and fire started at 23.45 hours.

Owing to 10/10 clod, CB.824 failed to locate the target. Enemy aerodrome in use at DIEPHOLZ bombed. 250lbs. bombs burst across flare path, incendiaries fell short. Two fires seen on North East corner of aerodrome.

CB.828 reports, that a high level attack was made from 11,500 feet and a stick was dropped from East to West. Hits were observed on target and one or two small fires were started.
The aerodrome at HURSEIM was clearly visible and three runways were observed, making pin-pointing easy. Balloons were observed flying up to 12,000ft around KIEL. A number of dummy flare paths were also in various sections.

A.A. Fire very intense over target D.4 and over all the North Fresians Islands.
Searchlights very active in all target areas. Weather :- 10/10 cloud was prevalent over the targets and most of route to same.

Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, and homing bearings. Astro was used by Sorties CB.812 and 813 with very good results.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c R.3168 AA-O
Raid No. CB.815 D.4 (Wangerooge attacked as secondary target)

F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
P/O Charles Aylmer Pownall, RAF/ RNFAF 36248, NZ2401 – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Gutteridge, RAFVR – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:15 – Landed 05:20
Flight Time 08:05

24/08/1940 – Bombing Attacks on Targets A.161 and M.434
Eleven Wellington aircraft were detailed from this unit to carry out bombing operations against the enemy on the above targets. CB.837 (F/L. Adams) did not complete the sortie due to engine trouble when over enemy territory, he set course for base and jettisoned bombs in sea. The operations taken on the whole, were not very successful due to extremely bad weather conditions encountered.
A varied bomb load was carried between the eleven aircraft consisting of 250lbs., fused N.D.T., 250lbs, G.P. with delay action, 500lbs. G.P. fused N.D.T., and containers of 4lbs. incendiaries.

Target not located by CB.838, due to 10/10 cloud. Railway junction and landing ground at KOBLENZE bomber. Results unobserved due to bad haze.

Target located through hole in cloud by island in river, and bombed by CB.839. Results not observed.

CB.840 reports, primary target at FRANKFURT obscured owing to 10/10 cloud. Returned to target B.47 (KNAPSACK) and bombed. Unable to distinguish results of bombs although flares observed. Nickels were dropped at KNAPSACK.

Attack was made by CB.841 from 11,000ft, the incendiaries being dropped first, so as to allow to make a run up with the 250lbs. bombs. A medium fire was still burning when target area was left.

CB.842 reports, targets A.151 and C.28 at FRANKFURT were not located owing to 10/10 dense cloud in area. Nickels dropped approximately 15 miles North of FRANKFURT. Dive bombing attack carried out at 5,000ft on LIMBURG aerodrome. Five bursts observed on North side of aerodrome some 200 yards from flare path and hangers. Red obstruction lights extinguished, but dim flare path remained on.

CB.834 reports, main target and two secondary targets not located owing to nine to ten tenths cloud. One 500lbs. bomb was dropped on a search-light by diving down beam. Two ships in YISMUNDEN harbour were attacked by dive bombing 4,00 – 2,000 feet, two 500;bs. N.D.T. bombs dropped. Hits or near misses reported.

CB.844 reports, owing to 9/10 cloud, primary target not located. Bombs dropped from 1,100ft on a factory on river bank East of HANAU. Bursts were observed in small buildings around main building. No fires observed.

Targets not located owing to 10/10 cloud by CB.848. Whole route from Great Britain to Eastern Germany said to be covered.

Bombs dropped by CB.849 on heavy flak batteries in target area. Again, results not observed due to 10/10 cloud.

CB.850 also reports that target not located owing to cloud.

Owing to the whole of the area being practically covered with 10/10 clouds, nothing of importance to relate as far as observations, and reconnaissance etc.
A.A. fire, heavy at most areas attacked., although 10/10 cloud prevailed, good accuracy was attained by the heavy batteries.
Searchlights were active as usual.
Navigation was by D/R, visual observations, homing bearing and Astro.
All aircraft returned safely.

Wellington Mk.1c T.2474 AA-W
Raid No. CB.842 A.161 (Limbourg atacked as secondary target)

F/O Wilfred Maurice Chalk Williams, RNZAF NZ1057 – Pilot.
Sgt. E. N. Smith , RAF – 2nd Pilot.
Sgt. Robert John Ellis, RAF 519433 – Observer.
Sgt. Sidney Roy Garrard, RAF 631153 – Wireless Operator.
Sgt. Norman McDonald, RAFVR 755134 – Front Gunner.
P/O Geoffrey Dirk Stewart Horsfall, RAF 77958 – Rear Gunner .

Take Off 21:00 – Landed 03:30
Flight Time 06:30