Stirling (updated 10th November 2016)

Stirling Mk.III EH939 JN-'Johnny' flown by the Mayfield crew, amongst others.

Stirling Mk.III EH939 JN-‘Johnny’ flown by the Mayfield crew, amongst others.

Stirlings – 15 October 1942 to May 1944
Stirling Notes: Stirling I had FN7 ‘Botha’ (odd-shaped) dorsal turrets, but in Feb 1942 started converting to FN50 (like Lancaster) dorsal turrets.

First mention of C Flight I have found so far is February 1943 when G.Rothwell took over the flight. (pg74, Forever Strong.) Bomber Sqns mentions flight formed early 1943.

From The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer: ‘Increased production permitted formation of ‘C’ Flights, from which new squadrons would form, making 1000 Stirling sorties per night feasible. That benchmark was first attained on 23 May. Third Flights doubled operational effort within two months. On 1 April No 85 Squadron became the first to expand having eight Stirlings added to strength.’

‘To support a faster rate of crew output on 1 May 1943 a 32-aircraft ‘Stirling half Conversion Unit’, No. 1665 was formed. Mepal being unready, it opened at Waterbeach and placed lodger aircraft at Stradishall and Great Ashford, before consolidating after moving on 7 june to Woolfox Lodge, a newly opened satellite to Noth Luffenham’

So it seems 75(NZ) got Mepal more by luck than planning……

Also, regarding the formation of ‘C’ Flight in 75 Squadron, the following is from the March 1943 ORB;
‘OUTSTANDING EVENTS
Operations have not been on a large scale this month, owing to unfavourable weather conditions, although those participated in have been successful. During this period, two aircraft have failed to return.
Training has been carried out on as large a scale as weather conditions would allow. Particular attention has been paid to Fighter Affiliation and dinghy drill.
A new Flight is to be formed in the Squadron, to be known as “C” Flight and is to be operationally fit by the 1st. April. It is proposed that Pilot Officer D.C.Lowe will take charge of the Flight, pending the posting in of a Squadron Leader. This will increase our establishment to twenty four aircraft with three reserves.’

Serial Flight Code Type Mark Notes
N3683 ?? ? Stirling I Ex- 1657CU to 75 and then back to 1657CU
N3685 ?/ ? Stirling I Delivered 15-1-43 – from RAF at Newmarket
N3704 ?? ? Stirling I Delivered 16-10-42 – from RAF at Newmarket. Ex- 15 Sqn to 75 and back to 15 Sqn
N6123 AA Q Stirling I Delivered 15-1-43 – from RAF at Newmarket
Shot down mining-Frisian Islands 3.3.43; crew killed. From Chorley:
Sgt. R.C. Going
Sgt. E.H. Weaver
P/O A.M. Bridgman
F/S F.A.W. Willis
Sgt. K.C. Eyre
Sgt. F.B. Stewart
Sgt. C.S. Burton
t/o 2003 Newmarket to lay mines off the Frisian Islands. Lost without trace. All are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
R9200 ?? S Stirling I Delivered1-3-43, accident Jurby 21-4-43 – from RAF at Newmarket
R9243 AA C Stirling I Delivered 21-10-42, code C – from RAF at Newmarket.
From ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer: C
R9245 AA N Stirling I Delivered 25-10-42 – from RAF at Newmarket. Crashed on take-off and exploded; aircraft had swung in x-wind, with starboard main wheel striking the ‘Devil’s Dyke’ on the airfield perimeter, causing the inner oil tank to break away. The engine quickly seized and aircraft unable to maintain height: crew were all killed. 16.12.42. Target was mining Bordeaux.
R9246 AA S Stirling I Delivered 31-10-42 – from RAF at Newmarket. Code AA-S from Bomber Command database.
After air-firing exercise, crash-landed with u/c retracted in bad weather near Home, Hunts. 24.11.42.
R9247 AA V/W Stirling I Delivered 21-10-42 – from RAF at Newmarket. Code V from Bomber Command database.
Shot down target Fallersleben 17.12.42; crew killed. ‘.
R9248 AA H Stirling I Delivered 7-11-42 – from RAF at Newmarket. Code AA-H from Bomber Command database.
Shot down target Lorient 23.1.43; crew killed except Capt. evaded.
R9250 AA C Stirling I Delivered 2-11-42, coded as C in – from RAF at Newmarket and from Bomber Command database.
“C” from Combat Report 17/18.12.42, Me109 probable and ME109 damaged target Fallersleben. Shot down target Hamburg 3.2.43; crew killed. Code confirmed in ‘For Your Tomorrow 2’. From Chorley’s Bomber Command Losses 1943: P/O K.E. Blincoe
Sgt. A.J.N Scott
Sgt. D.D. Hayward
Sgt. F.A. Boese
Sgt. G.W. Cook
P/O H. Lowe
Sgt. E. McDermott
Sgt. D. Clearwater
t/o 1821 Newmarket. Shot down by a fight-fighter and crashed at 2000 at Ingen (Gelderland), 8 km NNE of Tiel, Holland. All crew are burried in Amersfoort (Oud Leusden) General Cemetery.
R9280 ?? ? Stirling I FTR Hamburg 3-2-43- from RAF at Newmarket. Is this correct?
R9283 JN K Stirling I Codes/serial from RAF at Newmarket
R9290 AA X/Y Stirling I Delivered 28-1-43, code Y – from RAF at Newmarket. Code AA-X from Bomber Command database.
Shot down mining Kiel Bay 28.4.43; crew killed. From Chorley: AA
F/S A.E. Lewis
Sgt. A. Graham
Sgt. H.G. Corin
F/O C.J. Bickham
Sgt. F.A. Moulton
Sgt. J.H. Whitehart
Sgt. V.C. Howes
t/o 2041 Newmarket on mine laying duties in the Radish area (Kiel) of the Fehmarn-Belt. Crashed in the sea off the Danish island of Lolland. All are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
R9316 AA K Stirling I Ex- 214 Sqn. Delivered 23-1-43 – from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Lorient 13.2.43; crew killed except MU evaded and 4 POW. From Chorley:
Sgt. R.A. Williams
Sgt. K. Gudmunsen
F/S D.E. Browne
Sgt. H. Sawyer
Sgt. T.H. Smith
Sgt. L. Willis
Sgt. D. Harding-Smith
t/o 1753 Newmarket. Hit by flak over the target and later abondoned near Plouay (Finistere), 18 km NNE of Lorient. The 2 airmen who died are buried in Guidel Communal Cemetery. Sgt Harding- Smith RNZAF was the son of the Venerable Archdeacon Thomas James Smith of Nelson, New Zealand.
W7455 AA ? Stirling I Delivered 29-1-1943 – from RAF at Newmarket.
W7469 AA T/C/O Stirling I Ex- 149 Sqn. Delievered 28-1-43 – from RAF at Newmarket. Code AA-O from Bomber Command database.
Was regular of Des Thompson- had his school’s coat of arms on nose: Forever Strong. Shot down target Ludwigshaven 16.4.43; crew killed except one POW.
From Chorley: Code ‘C’
P/O K.F. Debenham
Sgt. D. Wainwright
WO2 R.J. Barnes
Sgt. D.M.T. Watts
Sgt. P.B. Pearson
Sgt. J.L. Marlow
Sgt. J.J. Davis
t/o 2217 Newmarket. Crashed at Katzenbach. Those who died are buried in Rheinberg Cemetery.
W7513 AA G Stirling I Delivered 4-3-1943 – from RAF at Newmarket.
Photo. Ex-149 Sqn. Shot down mining Kiel Bay 28.4.43; crew killed. From Chorley: AA
Sgt. K. Halliburton
Sgt. D.S. Sidhu
Sgt. P.T. Hunter
Sgt. L.T. Scarfe
Sgt. D. Church
Sgt. C.H.G. Boxall
Sgt. A.C. Howell
t/o2042 Newmarket, on mine laying duties in the Radish area (Kiel) of the Fehmarn-Belt. Lost without trace. All are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
BF311 ?? ? Stirling I Ex-149 Sqn, delievered 20-10-42 – from RAF at Newmarket. 75 Sqn and then to 15 Sqn.
BF318 AA B Stirling I Codes from RAF at Newmarket.
BF321 ?? ? Stirling I To 1657CU.
BF337 ? ? Stirling I Delivered 30-1-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
BF339 AA D Stirling I Crashed near Oakington 28.11.42; crew killed: from Bomber Command database.
BF340 AA Q Stirling I Crashed in the Waddenzee 6.5.43; crew killed: from Bomber Command database.
BF377 ?? J Stirling I Ex- CRD to 75 Sqn 11-4-43 and then to 1651(1657?) CU 21-6-43 from RAF at Newmarket (and J code).
BF392 ?? ? Stirling I From RAF at Newmarket.
BF396 AA X Stirling I Ex-1657CU, delivered 23-10-42 from RAF at Newmarket. Shot down target Fallersleben 17.12.42; crew killed. Code from ‘For Your Tomorrow 1’.
BF397 ?? ? Stirling I Ex-1657CU to 75 23-10-42, overshot base 23-1-43 (from RAF at Newmarket) and then to 1651CU.
BF398 AA F/P Stirling I Delivered 24-10-42, coded F from RAF at Newmarket, coded P from Bomber Command database. “P” from Combat Report 3/4.3.43 French crew attacked by a Ju.88, target Hamburg.
Lost both outer engines and crew baled out 17.5.43; one killed and pilot killed while trying to crash land.
“Sgt. L.C. Wright
Sgt. J.H.R. Carey
Sgt. T. Beaver
Sgt. J.L. Roberts
Sgt. P.G. Knight
F/S M. Brady
Sgt. N.A. Macleod
Sgt. A.J. Francis
AC2 R.G. Bailey”
“Partially abandoned after both outer engines had failed. Realising he was over a built up area, Sgt. Wright tried to force-land, but crashed 0100 at Linley Hall Farm, Talke, 4 miles NW of Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire. Sgt. Francis was killed after he feft the aircraft.from the May ORB (The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). AIR 27/646/Form 541/p462 Outstanding Events/ Training);

At 01.00 hours on the 17th. May 1943 1943, Sergeant L.C.Wright was carrying out a cross country fight in Stirling Mk.1 BF398, when the starboard outer and port outer engines failed. The aircraft lost height and the Captain ordered the crew to bale out, this included a passenger AC1 BAILEY, R.G. Of the crew who baled out, all landed safely with the exception of Sergeant A.J.Francis, who was reported missing and found four days later. The Captain remained at the controls, as the aircraft was in the vicinity of the Town of STOKE-UPON-TRENT and it appears that rather than crash land over the town, he attempted to land in the nearest field, the aircraft crashed however, and he was killed. The MAYOR of STOKE-UPON-TRENT has been in communicaton with the Squadron, and expressed his admiration, shared also by the townspeople, for the gallentry displayed by Sergeant L.C. WRIGHT.
Codes from Chorley.

BF399 AA O Stirling I Delivered 7-11-42, coded O from RAF at Newmarket. Crashed on training flight from RAF Oakington 28.11.42; crew killed.
BF400 AA G/O Stirling I Shot down target Fallersleben 17.12.42; crew killed. Code from ‘For Your Tomorrow 1’. (Coded G from Bomber Command database, O from RAF at Newmarket).
BF412 ?? Y Stirling I Ex-15 Sqn to 75 9-3-43, coded Y and then to 1665CU 16-6-43 from RAF at Newmarket. Combat Report 4/5.4.43 Fowler crew attacked by Ju.88, target Kiel.
BF434 AA Y/X Stirling I Delivered 13-4-43, code X confirmed from RAF at Newmarket. “Y” from Combat Report 29/30.5.43 Burley crew attacked by Ju.88, target Wuppertal. “Y” from Combat Report 21/22.6.43 Burley crew attacked by Me.109, claimed as damaged, target Krefeld. “Y” from Combat Report 12/13.8.43 (recorded in Form 541 as EF434) Burley crew attacked by unid t/e e/a, claimed as damaged, target Turin. Same crew damaged an acft target Turin 13.8.43. To 1665CU. From Simon Sommerville: 10 May 1943: Sgt Burley and crew arrived at 75 (NZ) Squadron, Newmarket. (Ewen and the Navigator may have arrived separately the day before?)

Ewen’s crew (the Burley crew) was:
Pilot: BURLEY Plt Off Arthur William DFC RAF (1315375, 147201). 10 May to 27 Nov 1943
Navigator: HILL F/Sgt Reginald RNZAF (NZ413216) 9 May to 27 Nov 1943.
Bomb Aimer: ELMSLIE P/O Ewen McGregor RNZAF (NZ417200) AB 9 May to 27 Nov 1943.
Wireless Operator: WILSON F/Sgt R W, RAF. (1035365) WOAG 10 May to 27 Nov 1943.
Flight Engineer: RISBRIDGER F/Sgt R RAF. (577918) 10 May to 27 Nov 1943.
Mid Upper Gunner: HUBBOCK Sgt J RAF (1601799) AG 10 May to 20 Sep 1943.
Rear Gunner: PETERS Sgt A F RAF. (1154968) AG 10 May to 27 Nov 1943.

Burley the skipper flew his second dickie (familiarisation) op’ with P/O French and crew, on 12/13 May to Duisburg in Stirling BK777, AA-U

Burley crew Operational History:
13/14 May 43 Mining – Frisians, Stirling BK434 (BF434, AA-X?)
16/17 May 43 Mining – Frisians, Stirling BK434 (BF434, AA-X?)
21/22 May 43 Mining – Biscay, Stirling BF434, AA-X
23/24 May 43 Dortmund, Stirling BF561, AA-O (returned early with engine trouble)
25/26 May 43 Düsseldorf, Stirling BF434, AA-X
29/30 May 43 Wuppertal – The Ruhr, Stirling BF434, AA-X
11/12 June 43 Düsseldorf, Stirling BF434, AA-X (returned early with engine trouble)
19/20 June 43 Le Creusot, Stirling BF434, AA-X (Ewen missed this op’ – A/B listed as F/S Himal)
21/22 Jun 43 Krefeld, Stirling BF434, AA-X
22/23 June 43 Mülheim, Stirling BF434, AA-X
24/25 Jun 43 Wuppertal, Stirling BF434, AA-X
25/26 Jun 43 Gelsenkirchen, Stirling BF434, AA-X

(Squadron relocated from Newmarket to Mepal)

03/04 Jul 43 Cologne, Stirling BK777, AA-U
29/30 Jul 43 Hamburg, Stirling EH905, AA-R

12/13 Aug 43 Turin – Italy, Stirling EF434
Some enemy aircraft were seen. EF434, P/O Burley & crew on their way to the target sighted an unidentified single-engined aircraft over the Chartres region of France making a pass at them from astern. Evasive action was taken and the rear gunner, Sgt Peters, engaged the enemy aircraft with a short burst, before it broke off the engagement. The port outer engine of the Stirling had received considerable damage and was shut down. The crew stubbornly continued to the target on three engines, still 380 miles away; completed their bombing attack then returned to base where a safe engine-out landing was made at 05.35hrs. Burley was awarded the DFC (Immediate).

17/18 Aug 43 Peenemünde (V2 rocket research establishment) EH949, AA-P
23/24 Aug 43 Berlin, Stirling EH877, JN-C (returned early with equipment failure)
27/28 Aug 43 Nuremberg, Stirling EF878
30/31 Aug 43 Mönchengladbach/Rheydt, Stirling EF434 (BF434?)
31/01 Aug/Sep 43 Berlin, Stirling EF434 (BF434, AA-X?)
08/09 Sep 43 Boulogne, Stirling EF462
16/17 Sep 43 Modane, Stirling EF137, AA-E
22/23 Sep 43 Hannover, Stirling EF462
23/24 Sep 43 Mannheim, Stirling EF137, AA-E

EF137, P/O Burley and crew, found themselves involved in three separate combat actions; one with a single-engined fighter, which the M/U gunner, F/O S Strong, succeeded in shooting down and claiming as destroyed. And then against two unidentified twin-engined fighters, which he claimed as breaking off, damaged, from his gunfire.

27/28 Sep 43 Hannover, Stirling EF137, AA-E
04/05 Oct 43 Frankfurt, Stirling EF137, AA-E
– total 26 op’s.

Ewen left the Squadron on 27 Nov 1943, posted to No. 1665 Heavy Conversion Unit, RAF Woolfox Lodge..

He survived the war, and on returning to New Zealand he married and settled down on the family sheep and beef farm at Waverley, South Taranaki, not far from his cousin Jim.

BF435 Stirling I Mis-type of EF435
BF437 AA L Stirling I Delivered 28-1-43, AA-L from Bomber Command database, also code L from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Nuremberg 8.3.43; crew killed.
BF443 AA V Stirling I Delivered 2-2-43, also code V from RAF at Newmarket. “V” from Combat Report 1/2.3.43 J.M. Bailey crew attacked by Me.110, target Berlin.   “V” from Combat Report 25/26.6.43 A. Alexander crew attacked by Ju.88, target Gelsenkirchen.
Flown by Sgt P Mosely 24/25 July 1943. “V” from Combat Report 24/25.7.43 Moseley crew attacked by unid e/a, target Hamburg. To 1651CU. Photo with Bailey crew. Project ORB, February 43, under “ARRIVALS AND DESPATCHES OF AIRCRAFT”:
“2.2.43 Stirling I BF443 received from Short & Harlands, Long Kesch. Auth:41G/9286.”
– refers to this aircraft, Mk I Stirling BF443, AA-V:I believe that the guy between Hosie and Bailey is Jack Wall, A/B. The other crew members will be Sgt’s Livingston, Ottaway, and Thompson (not able to identify which is which, although that’s probably the F/E Livingston to the right of Bailey, since the other two are wearing gunner-type suits).

This was during Jack Bailey’s first tour with 75, the same Jack Bailey who went on to become O/C C Flight at 75 (NZ) Sqdn on his second tour, and of course regular Pilot of Lancaster NE181, JN-M, The Captain’s Fancy! It looks like Jack Wall followed Bailey and was in his second tour crew as well.

The first Bailey crew began on Wellingtons (first op’ 26 August 1942), then converted to Stirlings in October 42. AA-V   eventually became their regular a/c and it looks like they flew 15 op’s in her between 26/27 February 43 (Cologne), and 04/05 May 43 (Dortmund).

BF451 AA J/Z Stirling I Delivered 1-2-43, also code Z from RAF at Newmarket.
“J” from Combat Report 1/2.3.43 F/L Rothwell crew attacked three times, two by unid. t/e e/a, and one by a Ju.88, latter claimed as probably destroyed, target Berlin. Recorded incorrectly in Form 541 as BF456 for this op’. Shot down target Ludwigshaven 16.4.43; crew killed except one POW. From Chorley:
P/O K.H.G. Groves
WO2 J.O. Way
Sgt. L.C. Cameron
Sgt. T.G. Shergold
Sgt. R.F. Wanstall
Sgt. R.L. Pierson
Sgt. R.C. Stone
Sgt. L.L. Everden
t/o 2214 Newmarket. Believed shot down by a night-fighter, crashing twixt Rilly-la-Montagne and Chigny-les-Roses (Marne), 10km and 11km respectively S of Reims. All were taken for burial in Reims, but when the city was liberated by the Americans in 1944, arrangements were made for their bodies to be taken to Antillly. Since September 1944, their remains have been exhumed and transferred to Choloy War Cemetery.
BF455 AA Y Stirling III Delivered 8-2-43, also code Y from RAF at Newmarket. Combat Report 14/15.4.43 Groves crew attacked by Me.110, target Stuttgart.
Ditched on return target Frankfurt 10.4.43; crew safe.
From Chorley:
F/S C. Rothschild
Sgt. E. Grainger
Sgt. G. Samson
Sgt. J.L. Richards
Sgt. R.E. Tod
Sgt. R.D. Tod
Sgt. H.E. Moss
Sgt. W.A. Hardy
t/o 2335 Newmarket. Damaged by flak over the target and later engaged in a running battle with night-fighters. Low on fuel, the bomber was ditched in the Channel, some 3 miles off Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex. All were picked up by an air sea rescue Walrus amphibian. Lost unusually, the crew included 2 brothers, Robert Ernest and Richard Douglas Tod. Both were destined to die later that year.
BF456 AA J/K Stirling III Rec’d 9-3-43 from Short & Harlands. AA-J from Bomber Command database, also code J from RAF at Newmarket. Possible confusion with BF451, AA-J?
Shot down target Frankfurt 10.4.43; crew killed. From Chorley”
Sgt. J. Webb
Sgt. J.R. Inglis
Sgt. D.V. Jones
Sgt. D.T. Anthony
Sgt. R.W. Lowther
Sgt. L.R. Cunningham
Sgt. E.J. Letherbarrow
t/o 0006 Newmarket. Crashed at Steeg. All are buried in Rheinberg War Cemetery.
‘K’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
BF458 JN A/P Stirling III Delievered 2-5-43, Code JN from Chorley, JN-P from Bomber Command database, code A from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Remscheid 30.7.43; 2 POW and 5 killed.
“P/O A.J. Thomas
Sgt. J.W. Gale
Sgt. H.A. Stewart
P/O F.W.R. Cumpsty
Sgt. R.H. Boxell
Sgt. J.H. O’Farrell
Sgt. E.F. Henry”
t/o 2241 Mepal. Crashed at Krefeld-Uerdingen. Of those who died, three are commemorated on the Runntmede Memorial, while the graves of Sgt. Gale and Sgt. Farrell are in the Reichswald Forest War Cemetery.
BF459 JN G/E Stirling III Delievered 2-5-43, JN-G from Bomber Command database,. Code E from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Mannheim 23.9.43; crew killed except 2 POW. Code from FYTomorrow
“F/O C.C.P. Logan
Sgt. T. Stewart
F/S G.P. Sowerby
F/O J.P. Ingham
Sgt. T.J. Hegarty
Sgt. F.E.W. Crowther
F/S A.J. Knox”
t/o 1945 Mepal. Crashed at Lamertheim, 12km N of Mannheim. Sgt. Crowther was critically wounded and he died of his injuries on 3rd October . He is buried, along with the others who were killed, in Durnbach War Cemetery.
Code JN from Chorley. Code ‘JN-E’ from The Stirling Story.
BF461 AA B Stirling III Delivered 2-5-43, also code B RAF at Newmarket.
AA-B from Bomber Command database, also code from Simon Sommerville site. “B” from Combat Report 30/31.7.43   G. Williams crew attacked by unid t/e e/a, claimed as destroyed, target Remscheid.   “B” from Combat Report 6/7.8.43 (recorded in Form 541 as EF461) Roberts crew attacked by unid e/a, target mining Gironde. “B” from Combat Report 16/17.9.43 G. Williams crew attacked by Ju.88 claimed as destroyed, and a second Ju.88, claimed as damaged, target Modane. “B” from Combat Report 27/28.9.43 Masters crew attacked by Me.110, target Hannover. Same crew shot down mining Baltic Sea 4.11.43; 1 killed, 1 evaded and 5 POW.
“P/O G.K. Williams
Sgt. H. Moffat
F/S W.F. Morice
Sgt. F.E. McGregor
Sgt. W.J. Champion
F/O J.A. Black
Sgt. R. Ingrey”
t/o 1601 Mepal to lay mines in the Kattegat. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at Kallerup, 8km SW of Thisted, Denmark. Sgt. Champion is buried in Friederikshaven Cemetery. In captivity Sgt. Ingrey exchanged identity with Private B. Cooper, whose service details are not recorded.
Code AA from Chorley.
BF465 JN/AA J/K Stirling III Delivered 2-3-43, code AA-K RAF at Newmarket.
Ex-15 Sqn. “K” from Combat Report 10/11.4.43 McCaskill crew attacked by unid. s/e e/a, target Frankfurt. “K” from Combat Report 14/15.4.43 Bennett crew attacked by unid. s/e e/a,   target Stuttgart. “K” from Combat Report 29/30.7.43 Hartstein crew attacked by JU.88, target Hamburg. “K” from Combat Report 23/24.8.43 Whitehead crew attacked by Me.109, claimed as probably destroyed, then a second attack by an unid e/a, claimed as destroyed, target Berlin. Different crew, shot down target Berlin 23.8.43; crew killed except 1 POW.
“P/O A. Rankin
Sgt. F.M. Freeman
P/O M.A. Ericksen
P/O J. Third
F/S F.W. Thorstensen
Sgt. D. Catterick
Sgt. G. Ogden”
t/o 1601 Mepal to lay mines in the Kattegat. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at Kallerup, 8km SW of Thisted, Denmark. Sgt. Champion is buried in Friederikshaven Cemetery. In captivity Sgt. Ingrey exchanged identity with Private B. Cooper, whose service details are not recorded.
Code from FYTomorrow. Code JN from Chorley. Code AA-J/K from ORBs/A.Wilson logbook.
BF467 AA W Stirling III Delivered 13-3-43, AA-W from Bomber Command database, code W RAF at Newmarket. 75 to 214 Sqn back to 75.
Shot down mining Kiel Bay 28.4.43; crew killed. From Chorley: AA
P/O D.L. Thompson
Sgt. C. Abbott
WO2 J.A. Ramsay
F/S J.M. Willaims
W/O E.R. Jenkins
Sgt. G. Phillips
Sgt. J.T. Glendinning
t/o 2038 Newmarket, on mine laying duties in the Radish area (Kiel) of the Fehmarn-Belt. Hit bt Kreigsmarine flak and crashed at 0008 in the Baltic off Nakskov on the W side of Lolland Island, Denmark. All are buried in Svino Churchyard. Although not unique, a crew comprising of RAF, RAAF, RCAF and RNZAF airmen was unusual.
BF473 ?? ? Stirling III Ex-218, 90 Sqns to 75 and then to 199 Sqn and 1651CU.
BF506 AA P Stirling III Delievered 6-4-43, AA-P from Bomber Command database, also code P from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Rostock 20.4.43; crew killed. From Chorley: AA
F/O A.G. Tolley
Sgt. G.A.R. Town
F/S W.H. Ellis
F/S F.W. Upton
F/S C.T. Cobb
Sgt. F.J. Earle
F/S I.C. Salt
t/o 2205 Newmarket. Last heard on W/T at 0300 signalling ‘starboard inner on fire’. Nothing further was heard, and the Stirling crashed 0326 at Boegballe, 15kn N of Vejle, Denmark. It’s demise is reported as having been caised by a night-fighter attack. All rest in Esbjerg (Fourfelt) Cemetery.
BF513 AA E Stirling III Delivered 8-4-43 from RAF at Newmarket. AA-E from Bomber Command database.
Shot down target Stuttgart 14.4.43; crew killed. BF513 was shot down by an enemy night-fighter (Lt. Friedrich Graeff , Stab. I /NJG4) over Belgium at 02.25hrs, crashing at Regniéssart, (Namur), 3 miles SE of Couvin. All the crew are buried at Florennes’ Communal Cemetery, from AH75S. McCaskill crew was in A Flight, from http://muse.aucklandmuseum.com/databases/Cenotaph/29243.detail. “E” from FYT. AA-E from ADF and 3GBC.
Also from Guy Lapaille: We have in our archives the report of the German commando which evacuated the wreck and the plane is identified as follows: “Flugzeugmuster : Stirling – Absturz am 15.04.43 – Kennzeichen AA -Kokarde- E -Werknummer : BF513”.
BF516 ?? ? Stirling III Delivered 11-4-43 from RAF at Newmarket. To 214 Sqn.
BF517 AA O Stirling III Delivered 6-4-43 from RAF at Newmarket. Coded ‘O’ according to ‘Images of the Air War’. Confirmed AA-O by A.Simpson, flown by Peter Buck. “O” from Combat Report 26/27.4.43 Buck crew attacked by unid. e/a, R/G mortally wounded, W/Op and M/U/Gnr also wounded, target Duisburg, crash landed at base, Buck awarded immediate DFC.
BF518 AA E Stirling III Delivered 8-4-43, AA_E from Bomber Command database, also coded E from RAF at Newmarket.
Combat Report 13/14.7.43 Nicol crew attacked by unid t/e e/a, target Aachen. Damaged acft target Aachen 14.7.43.
“F/O G.M. Duncan
Sgt. Jones
P/O O’Brien”
Landed 1247 down wind at West Malling, ran off the runway and damaged beyond repair. The crew had been tasked to collect the crew of another Stirling EF454 AA-A which had been damaged by a night fighter during operations to Berlin twenty four hours previous.
Seen 2.3.43 ‘Bombing Colours’
BF561 AA O Stirling III Delivered 2-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket. AA-O from Bomber Command database.
“O” from Combat Report 13/14.5.43 Mitchell crew attacked by Me.110 which was claimed as destroyed, then by a Ju.88, then a third unid e/a, target Bochum. Shot down target Wuppertal 29.5.43; crew killed.
“F/S S.R. Thornley
Sgt. C.W. Larkin
Sgt. A. McWilliams
Sgt. A.C.A. McPhail
Sgt. D. Ruocco
Sgt. J.V. Dartnell
Sgt. F.G. Hooper”
t/o 2314 Newmarket. Crashed at Gladbeck-Rentfort. All rest in the Reichswald Forest Cemetery.
From Chorley.
BF564 JN W Stirling III Delivered 5-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket. JN-W from Bomber Command database.
“W” from Combat Report 25/26.5.43 Sedunary crew attacked by Fw.190, target Dusseldorf. Shot down target Berlin 23.8.43; crew killed. Code from FYTomorrow.
“P/O A.J.L Sedunary DFC
F/S F.P. Lundon
Sgt. F.K. Alcock MiD
P/O A. Lens
Sgt. C.R. Parish
P/O D.H. Moss
Sgt. J.E. Nicholson
Sgt. J.J. Gratton”
t/o 2051 Mepal. Crashed at Martensmuhle, 6km, SSW of Trebbin, 22km SE of Potsdam. All rest in Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery.
Code JN from Chorley.
BF569 AA ? Stirling III Code from http://rnzaf.proboards.com/index.cgi?action=display&board=Wartime&thread=13372&page=1
BF573 ?? ? Stirling III Delivered 5-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket. To 149, 620, 1653CU, 1657CU.
BF575 ?? H Stirling III Delievered 14-5-43, code H from RAF at Newmarket. To 295 Sqn.
BF577 JN M Stirling III Delivered 28-5-43, JN-M from Bomber Command database, also coded M from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Hamburg 2.8.43; crew killed.
“F/S J.A Couper
Sgt. J.W. Sneddon
Sgt. G.A. Walker
F/S G.S. Corlett
F/S S.C.O. Reeves
Sgt. T.E. Wadeson
Sgt. A. Ashworth”
t/o 2331 Mepal. Collided in the air with a Do 217 flown by Fw Krauter, II./NJG3 crashing at Kaiser Wilhelm-Koog. All are buried in Hamburg Cemetery, Ohlsdorf. John Norman Corlett, brother   of F/S Corlett RNZAF, also died on active service. Their parents lived in Liverpool.
Code JN from Chorley.
BK434 ?? ? ? ? Serial from ‘The Stirling Story’ – MJF Bowyer, maybe ‘BF434’?
BK464 ?? ? ? ? Serial from ‘The Stirling Story’ – MJF Bowyer, maybe ‘BF464’?
BK602 AA R Stirling I Delivered 21-12-42, also coded R from RAF at Newmarket. Ex-7 Sqn.
“R” from Combat Report 29/30.3.43 French crew attacked by Me110, target Berlin. Shot down target Dusseldorf 25.5.43; crew killed.
“F/S T.W. Darton
Sgt. A. McQuater
Sgt. D.D. Coates
Sgt. J.M.P. Riordam
Sgt. J.C.L. Whiteman
Sgt. S. Redpath
Sgt. F.P. Wilsher”
t/o 0006 Newmarket. Shot down by a night-fighter operating off the Belgian/ French coast and went down in the sea.Four bodies were washed ashore. Sgt Coates RNZAF and Sgt. Whiteman are buried in Oostende New Communal Cemetery; Sgt. Redpath lies in Dunkerque Town Cemetery and sgt. Willsher rests at Bergen op Zoom War cemetery in Holland. The others are commemorated on the Runymede Memorial.
Code AA from Chorley.
BK604 AA S Stirling I Delivered 15-1-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Hamburg 3.2.43; crew killed except 3 POW. From website http://home.introweb.nl/~ecws/… listed as ‘AA’-S. On the night of 3/4th February 1943 this aircraft took off from Newrnarket at 18.23 hrs. lts target was Hamburg. It was shot down bv a night fighter flown by Hptm. Wolfgang Thimmig of III/NJG1. It crashed at 20.13 hrs. at Enter (Overiijssel), Which is 9 Km. S.W. of Almelo, Holland. Those who were killed are buried in Wierden General Cernetery,
The crew were:
P/O J. McCullough, D.F.C.,     RNZAF killed, buried at Wierden
P/O R. W. Henderson,             RNZAF P.O.W. at Stalag Luft, Sagan & Bellaria. No.162
Sgt.F. F. Allen                           RNZAF killed, buried at Wierden
F/Sgt. V. E. Gibbes                   RNZAF P.O.W. at Stalag Luft, Sagan & Bellaria. No.27526
Sgt. T. A. Murrphy                     RNZAF killed, buried at Wierden
Sgt. K. J. S. Smith                   RAF P.O.W. at Stalag Luft, Sagan & Bellaria. No.27557
Sgt. K. E. Kimberley                 RAF P.O.W. at Stalag Luft, Sagan & Bellaria. No.27453
Sgt. P. R. Trevayne                   RAF killed, buried at Wierden
BK608 AA T Stirling I Delievered 21-10-42, coded T from RAF at Newmarket. (Note: AA_T from Bomber Command database, if BK609 below is definitely AA-T, then this is unlikely to be T also, as C Flight not established until early 1943.)
Engines cut on landing at Stradishall due to lack of fuel on return from Turin; u/c collapsed on heavy landing 28.11.42. To 3565M.
BK609 AA R Stirling I Code AA-R from Bomber Command database. Delivered 18-10-42 from RAF at Newmarket.
Overshot after aborting sortie to Turin; crash landed at Bradwell Bay 28.11.42
BK614 JN H Stirling I Delivered 13-3-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
“H” from Combat Report 13/14.5.43 Thomas crew attacked by Fw.190 which was claimed as probably destroyed, R/Gnr wounded, target Bochum. Lost without trace while minelaying Gironde Estuary 6.8.43. From FYTomorrow.
“F/S J.R. Mayo
Sgt. R. Booth
Sgt. A.E Turner
F/S I.S. Rothstein
F/S T.H. Gittins
Sgt. S.T. Kitching
Sgt. R.H. Amstell”
t/o 2145 Mepal for mine laying duties over the Gironde estuary. Lost without trace. All are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
Code JN from Chorley.
BK615 ?? ? Stirling I Delivered 21-10-42, to Franborough 2-1-43 from RAF at Newmarket. To RAE, 1654CU, 12FU.
BK617 AA D Stirling I Delievered 24-10-42, also coded D from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down mining-Frisian Islands 5.2.43; crew killed. From Chorley: Sgt. R.E. Redding
Sgt. R.C. Legge
Sgt. A.J.D. Barton
Sgt. H. Dennis
Sgt. C.G. Phillips
Sgt. W.W. Wilson
Sgt. P.P.D. Freeman
t/o 1943 Newmarket for mine laying duties off the Frisians. Outbound, caught fire in the air at 1,500 ft and dived into the sea some 2 miles off Cromer, Norfolk. All are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
BK618 AA Q Stirling I Delivered 24-10-42 from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Frankfurt 2.12.42; 2 crew killed, others POW.
BK619 ?? O/X Stirling I Delivered 3-11-42, coded X from RAF at Newmarket.
Flew 42 missions: 4th highest amongst Stirlings. To 1651CU.
BK620 AA A Stirling I Delivered 31-10-42 from RAF at Newmarket. Code AA-A from Bomber Command database.
Shot down target Fallersleben 17.12.42; crew POW. Bomb Aimer E.E.Williams wrote ‘The Wooden Horse’.
From Jack Wall’s Memoirs: On the 17th December 1942 four out of five Stirling Bombers failed to return from a raid on the Opel works at Fallersleben — one of these being short Stirling BK620 and the Bomb Aimer was Eric Williams the author of ‘The Wooden Horse’ escape story. The plane had been damaged and after the other crew members had baled out the Pilot Sgt. Ken Durmall ditched the plane in Lake Westeinder, not far from Amsterdam. He was also taken prisoner so that all the crew escaped with their lives and ended up as P.O.W.s The Germans tried to get the aircraft to the shore but did not succeed and years later a Dutch Aircraft Recovery Group managed to get several parts ashore and these were placed in a museum.
BK624 AA A Stirling I “A” from Combat Report 17/18.1.43 Bennet crew attacked by Me.110 and 2 Ju.88s, target gardening Gironde Est.. “AA” since C Flight didn’t form until 1 April. Ex-1651CU to 75 and then to 1651, 1665CU.
BK646 AA N Stirling I Delivered 16-2-43, also coded N from RAF at Newmarket. “N” from Combat Report 26/27.2.43 Lowe crew attacked by 2 e/a, target Cologne. “N” from Combat Report 8/9.3.43 Lowe crew attacked by two Ju.88s, 2P wounded, target Nuremburg.
“N” from Combat Report 13/14.7.43 Rankin crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as destroyed, target Aachen.   Shot down mining Gironde Estuary 14.6.43; 1 killed, 4 POW and 2 evaded.
“F/O J.L. Edwards
Sgt. J.G.F. Sanscoucy
Sgt. E.G. Dunnett
P/O R.G. Kirby
Sgt. B.W. Rawlinson
Sgt. E.A.F. Jones
Sgt. T. Maxwell”
t/o 2253 Newmarket for mine laying duties over the Gironde estuary. Shot down by a combination of flak and night-fighters, crashing at Moulines (Calvados), 8km SSW of Bretteville-sur-Laize, France, where F/O Edwards lies in the Canadian War Cemetery.
Code AA from Chorley.
BK647 AA M Stirling I Delivered 10-2-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
Port inner lost power on take-off from Newmarket for Hamburg. Crash-landed 1 mile NW of Rowley Mile 3.3.43.
From Chorley:
P/O R.F. Bennett
Sgt. J.B. Harrison
Sgt. A.L. Davidson
Sgt. E.R. Belford
Sgt. R.V. Weavers
Sgt. J.A. Pirie
Sgt. C.P.F. Middleton
t/o 1920 Newmarket but lost power from the port inner and crash landed. No injuries reported.
BK664 AA M Stirling III Delivered 11-3-43, also coded M from RAF at Newmarket.
Crashed on landing from mining Gironde; crew safe but injured 16.4.43. From Chorley:
F/L D.C. Lowe
Sgt. C. Logan
Sgt. A.G. Warr
Sgt. F. Carswell
F/S F. Ellis
Sgt. A.J. Bodley
Sgt. K. Wilmer
Sgt. B. Welch
/o 2200 Newmarket. Hit by flak over the target and on return to base the pilot discovered he was unable to control his throttles. This resulted in the Stirling colliding with a partially built hangar and being damaged beyond repair. No one was seriously hurt in the incident.
From ‘The Stirling Story’: P/O R F Bennett, heading 75 Squadron’s nine participants, had an early engine seizure. Aboard was a 2,000lb bomb and 2x 1,000lb bombs, supplemented with a 1,740x4lb and 32x30lb incendiares, he and his crew being very lucky in safely landing, load aboard, at Newmarket.
BK695 AA N/X Stirling III Code X from RAF at Newmarket.
“N” from Combat Report 4/5.1.44   Burke crew attacked by Fw.190, claimed as damaged, target Special Target (V1 site). “N” from Combat Report 25/26.2.44 Rowberry crew attacked by unid e/a, target mining Baltic. Ex-15 Sqn to 75 and then to 199 Sqn, 1653CU. Gordon Galloway – “I can confirm however, that Stirling BK695 was coded “N” Nuts, but am unsure as to the other aircraft that Dad flew in on 75Sqn.” SW Galloway was in B Flt. during this period, hence ‘AA’.
BK721 AA Z Stirling III Delivered 2-5-43, also coded Z from RAF at Newmarket.
Crashed on take-off target Duisberg 13.5.43; some crew (2) injured others killed. From Chorley: AA
F/L E.R.M. Appleton
Sgt. R.F. Harvey
Sgt. J.S. Andrews
F/O J. Johnston
P/O S.J. Clubb
F/S S.G. Cocks
Sgt. B.A.R. Moore
Sgt. J. Wykes
t/o 0037 Newmarket but crashed after the starboard inner engine failed, causing the Stiring to clip Devil’s Dyke before coming down NW of the airfield. F/L Appleton recovered from his injuries, only to lose his life on 31 August 1943 while flying in an American B17 Fortress. The three RNZAF airmen ae buried in Newmarket Cemetery.
BK768 AA L Stirling III Delivered 22-5-43, also coded L from RAF at Newmarket.
“L” from Combat Report 11/12.6.43 Perrott crew attacked by unid t/e e/a, claimed as damaged, target Dusseldorf. Shot down target Gelsenkirchen 25.6.43; crew killed.
“F/O W.R. Perrott
Sgt. W.W. Hilditch
F/S G.D. Thomson
F/S C.J. Whitelaw
Sgt. C.C. Mould
Sgt. G.W.Colyer
Sgt. H. Squire”
t/o 2335 Newmarket. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed into the Ijsselmeer. Three rest in Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery; F/S Thomson RNZAF lies in Harderwijk General Cemetery, his body having been recovered on 4th July, while the others are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
Code AA from Chorley.
BK770 AA L Stirling III Delivered 2-4-43, also coded L from RAF at Newmarket.
Crashed on return at Bressingham, Norfolk; crew killed, target was Duisberg 8.4.43.
From Chorley:
W/O J.A.E. Walsh
Sgt. J.H. Worthington
F/S B.A. Moffat
Sgt. F.H. Redicliffe
Sgt. J.W. Scudder
Sgt. S.A. Curtis
Sgt. P.G. Stuart
t/o 2130 Newmarket. Homebound, crashed at Valley Farm, Bressingham, 3 miles WNW of Diss, Norfolk. The three Comonwealth airmen , along with Sgt. Reddicliffe and Sgt. Curtis, rest in Newmarket Cemetery. This was the first Stirling Mk.III written off by 75(NZ) Squadron.
BK776 AA/JN B/R Stirling III Coded AA-B from Bomber Command database, but code JN from Chorley. Delivered 8-4-43, code R from RAF at Newmarket. (Note: B and R look similar so possible typo somewhere?)
“B” from Combat Report 4/5.5.43 Sedunary crew attacked by Ju.88 which was claimed as probably destroyed, target Dortmund. Shot down target Wuppertal 29.5.43; 5 killed and 3 POW (a second pilot was on-board).
“P/O R.F. Bennett
Sgt. R.F. Norman
Sgt. J.B. Harrison
F/S A.L. Davidson
F/S F.A. Bandy
W/O S.L. Kavanagh
F/S J.A. Pirie
Sgt. C.P.F. Middleton”
t/o 2309 Newmarket. Crashed at Odenspiel, 22km WNW od Siegen. Four were buried at Odenspiel om 31 May, but P/O Bennett RNZAF was laid to rest three days later at Koln-Sud. His grave is now in Rheinberg War Cemetery, while the others have been taken to the Reichswald Forest War Cemetery.
BK777 AA F/U Stirling III Delivered 8-4-43, coded F from RAF at Newmarket.
“U” from Combat Report 13/14.7.43 A. Alexander crew attacked by Me.210, claimed as probably destroyed,   target Aachen. Probable ME210 target Aachen 14.7.43. Same crew claimed probable ME110 target Berlin 24.8.43. “U” from Combat Report 5/6.9.43 Menzies crew attacked by unid e/a, target Mannheim. Flown by Allan Alexander from 1943 on. Flown by Dick Broadbent, C-Flight commander April-October 1943, lost November 43 over Denmark. ‘Night After Night, p. 183. ‘Alexander’s Ragtime Crew’ nose-art – the flags behind the NZ flag are (obviously) a Union Jack, but the other one is the American flag – Allan’s Rear Gunner, Armstrong ‘Doc’ Lyon was originally from Pennsylvania, but enlisted in Montreal in 1941. He completed a second tour with 214 Squadron, being awarded the DFC in Feb 45 and being credited with the destruction/ damage of 4 enemy aircraft. Mickey Mouse above bomb talley, plus two dancing stick-figures with either halos or boater hats, either side of the banner? With AA U , its Alexanders Rag Time Crew not Boys , sorry my mistake. I will organize a better photo.
Allans Chiefy was a sign writer and did the painting in correct colours , a Stars n stripes, union Jack and NZ flag. The letters on the scroll were all different fonts and colours. A pair of Saints hold the banner
.
Allen told me he took over Dick Frenchs near new Mk111 when his tour expired and painted it up then.His crew included five Kiwis , Allan as pilot,Des Andersen Nav, Phil Pullyn BA, Tom Mayhew W/op, and Bill McDonald RG ( KAO France 1944).F/E was Frank Howard UK and M/U gunner American Doc Lyon who had enlisted through the RCAF : source Peter ?
BK778 JN U Stirling III Delivered 4-4-43, also coded U from RAF at Newmarket.
“U” from Combat Report 25/26.6.43 S/L Broadbent crew attacked by unid s/e e/a, claimed as destroyed, target Gelsenkirchen.   “U” from Combat Report 23/24.8.43 Logan crew attacked by Me.110, claimed as destroyed, target Berlin.   “U” from Combat Report 16/17.9.43 S/L Broadbent crew attacked by another Stirling, target Modane. Shot down mining Baltic Sea 4.11.43; crew killed.
“P/O W.S. Masters
Sgt. A.A. Copeland
F/S G.B. Imrie
F/S C. James
Sgt. R.J. Thomas
Sgt. L. Grimwood
F/S L.S. Crawford-Watson”
t/o 1600 Mepal to lay mines in Kattegat. Shot down by a night-fight and crashed at Berstedgaard near Thisted, Denmark. Six are buried in Frederikshavn Cemetery, while Sgt. Copeland is commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
Code Forever Strong pg98, confirmed Code from Simon Sommerville site. (So are all his Stirlings C Flight JN?)
BK783 AA Q Stirling III Delivered 2-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Dortmund 23.5.43; crew killed except one POW.
“Sgt. S/M. Tietjens
Sgt. S.J. Wayman
Sgt. G.W. Turnbull
Sgt. F.J.L. Joblin
Sgt. R. Bell
Sgt. D.G.A. Storey
Sgt. L.R. Vale”
t/o 2315 Newmarket. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at Beesd (Gelderland), 8km SSW of Culemborg, Holland. Those who died are buried in Beesd General Cemetery.
Code AA from Chorley.
BK807 AA M Stirling III Shot down mining Kiel Bay 28.4.43; crew killed. From Chorley: AA
P/O D.V. Hamer
Sgt. G.L. Lennox
Sgt. D.R. Ross
F/S R.C. Buckley
F/S W.L.F. Brian
Sgt. H.P. Holme
Sgt. M.E.J. Shogren
t/o 2030 Newmarket, on mine laying duties in the Radish area (Kiel) of the Fehmarn-Belt. Hit by Kreigsmarine flak battery MAA508, and crashed 0023 in the Baltic, close to where the Hamer (BF467 AA-W) crew came down. Five are commemorated on the Runnynede Memorial, while both air gunners lie in Svino Churchyard.
BK809 AA/JN T Stirling III Delivered 2-5-43, code AA-T from Bomber Command database, also coded T from RAF at Newmarket.
Crashed into house on take off 8.9.43 target Boulogne. Confirmed FYTomorrow.
75 (NZ) Sqn RAF Operations Record Book (ORB)
8/9/43
Operations.
Seventeen aircraft were detailed to attack the above targets. The carried their maximum bomb load in bombs of 1,000lb., and 500lb.. One aircraft crashed whilst taking off and two returned early. The remainder successfully dropped their bombs in the target area. Not many fires were seen but numerous huge explosions were observed. Some heavy and light predicted A.A.Fire and a few searchlights were encountered but caused no trouble. A few enemy aircraft were seen, but no combats took place. The weather was good and visibility was clear except for slight ground haze. Navigation was excellent.The aircraft that crashed during take-off was captained by F/O. I.R.MENZIES. Whilst taking off it swung off the runway and crashed into two houses on the far side adjoining the perimeter track. It caught fire almost simultaneously, and in the fire, various bombs exploded, causing the aircraft to be a total wreck. Three members of the crew, a W.A.A.F. Officer of R.A.F. Station MEPAL and an aircrew Sergeant, and 2 civilians were killed and other civilians were injured. The W.A.A.F. Officer and the aircrew sergeant lost their lives whilst trying to render assistance.
Page 587, 1943. Form 540/ 541 AIR27/ 646 75(NZ) Squadron RAF, Mepal. National Archives.

Stirling Mk.III BK809 JN-T
F/O. Ian Robert Menzies RNZAF NZ415002. Pilot.
Died Wednesday 8th September after crashing on take-off. Buried Cambridge City Cemetery, England.

P/O. Derek Albert Arthur Cordery RAFVR 136360. Navigator.

P/O. Norman Hathway Gale RAFVR 849986. Air Bomber.
Died Wednesday 8th September after crashing on take-off. Buried Bristol (Canford) Cemetery, England.

Sgt. Ralph Herbert Barker RNZAF NZ417189. Wireless Operator.

Sgt. Albert Leslie Mellor RAFVR 943914. Flight Engineer.
Seriously injured Wednesday 8th September after crashing on take-off. Died Wednesday 8th September Buried Buxton Cemetery, England.

Sgt. Bullivant G RAFVR 1395379. Mid Upper Gunner.

Sgt. Stewart Donald Muir RNZAF NZ416967. Rear Gunner.
Died 16th June 1944 with 7(PFF) Squadron.

The Flight Sergeant and W.A.A.F Officer that were killed when attempting to offer assistance were;

F/Sgt Peter Gerald Dobson MiD RNZAF NZ439022. Navigator. 16th Mar to 8th Sep 1943. Died Wednesday 8th September 1943, age 28. A 75 Sqn Stirling, (BK809), fully laden with fuel and bombs for an attack on a long-range gun battery nr Boulogne, France, swung on take-off and crashed between two houses off the end of the runway. F/Sgt Dobson was killed by exploding bombs as he went to the assistance of the aircrew crew and the occupants of the houses. Buried Cambridge City Cemetery, England.
Mention in Despatches (14 Jan 1944):
“For bravery in action and meritorious fulfilment of duty”.

Section Officer Joan Majorie Easton WAAF/RAF 2986. 24th July 1943 to 8th Sep 1943. Died Wednesday 8th September 1943, age 26, when a 75 Sqn Stirling (BK809) fully laden with bombs and fuel, swung on take-off for an attack on a long-range gun battery nr Boulogne and crashed between two houses off the end of the runway. S/O Easton was killed when the bomb load exploded as she went to the assistance of the aircraft crew and the occupants of the houses. Buried Greenwich (Charlton and Kidbrook) Cemetery. London, England.

Additionally, another member of the Squadron came to the aid of the crash victims. Unlike Peter and Joan, Terence survived the incident and was awarded the British Empire Medal for his bravery that night.

Cpl Terence Henry King BEM RAF 610334. ELECT 1, Electrical Sect. Citation BEM (24 Dec 1943) “In September 1943, an aircraft which was taking off with a load of bombs crashed into two houses on the edge of an airfield and burst into flames. Corporal King hurried to the scene and, although fully aware that high explosive bombs were likely to explode at any moment, he went to the cottages a few yards from the burning aircraft to warn the occupants of their imminent danger and render assistance. An injured man was found and while Corporal King, with the help of a civilian, was taking him to safety a bomb exploded. The bravery shown by Corporal King was instrumental in saving a life and many more lives might have been lost had it not been for his prompt action in helping to warn occupants of the nearby houses. “

The exact circumstances of that night will probably never be known – ironically, as I mention in a reply to Dave, based on the crew order that night my Father might have taken off just before the crash occurred.

I have read of the rear double tail wheel having a habit of running out of line on takeoff – even to the point that anecdotal evidence suggests the Rear Gunner would sometimes rotate his turret to the side and hang out to check it was running straight – sometimes hanging out to give it a kick if it wasn’t!

Perhaps another question mark hangs over the undercarriage – absurdly tall and only modified to the final 2 story height to meet the Air Ministry performance specifications, the original design failed to meet regarding maximum take-off distance – the addition of the taller undercarriage was essentially used to increase the angle of attack of the aircraft’s wings, thus increasing lift and thus shortening it’s take off distance. A Stirling at almost takeoff speed, suffering a collapse, or partial collapse to its starboard undercarriage would probably have been impossible to control – its forward momentum taking it where ever it planned to go, irrespective of any attempts by the Pilot or Flight Engineer to rest control.

BK810 AA G Stirling III Delivered 2-5-43, also coded G from RAF at Newmarket.
JN according to ‘Kiwis Do Fly – photo. Shot down target Mulheim 22.6.43; 5 POW and 2 killed.
“P/O F.M. McKenzie
Sgt. R.A.W. Triptree
Sgt. A.E. West
F/S J.F. Blank
Sgt. B.H. Broadhead
Sgt. J.R.G. Chrystal
Sgt. E.W. McGonigal”
t/o 2347 Newmarket. Shot down by a combination of flak and night-fighter, the latter believed to have been flown by Hptm Wilhelm Herget of I.NJG1, crashing at 0210 at Oostrum (Limburg) 3kn E of Venray, Holland. P/O McKenzie RNZAF is buried in Jonkerbos War Cemetery, but the grave for F/S Blank RNZAF is located in the Reichswald Forest War Cemetery, thus suggesting he may have left the aircraft prior to the night-fighter making its attack. Source – Chorley.
Crashed in/near:Oostrum and Geijsteren in the wood “De Hoogerheide” alongside the road. Crash due to: Night-fighter Hptm. Wilhem Herget 1./III/NJG1. (Shot down by flak 22.6.43. Details ‘For Your Tomorrow’.) From Extracts of original WW2 letters regarding the crash of Max McKenzie and his crew over Holland.:——————————————————————————–

NO 75 (NZ) Squadron
RAF Station
Newmarket, Suffolk
June 24th, 1943

Dear Mrs McKenzie,

I find it a sad and difficult task indeed to have to write in such circumstances as these. Your son had been with my Squadron for only a short time, yet he had quickly and happily settled down and had become extremely popular amongst all ranks by his cheerful willing and confident personality. He was an outstanding operational pilot, one who was ever keen to strike a blow against the enemy.

His loss, a temporary one I pray, is a heavy blow to the Squadron, to the Service and to the great cause for which he so noble fought.

On the night he failed to return he was making his second operational flight with this Squadron, and was Captain of his own Arcraft. He was detailed to attack a heavily derfended target siutated deep into german territory, but after the aircraft left base nu further message was received from it. Knowing however, the skill and efficiency of this crew and that he himse4lf did not take unnecessary risks, I feel we may yet learn during the course of the next few weeks that they are all safe and well, although in enemy hands. Any news which is received will be passed on to you without delay.

In the meantime , all your son’s personel effects have been carefully listed, packed and despatched to the Central Committee of Adjustment(..)

The Officers, NCO’s and men of my Squadron join with me in expression of deepest sympathy to you during this time of sorrow and anxioyus waitinmg. We pray with you for your son’s safety and well being.

Yours sincerely,

Wing Commander, Commanding No 75 (NZ) Squadron, RAF.

——————————————————————————–

Air Department 16th December, 1947
Dear Mrs McKenzie

Further to my letter of the 31st July 1947 , I have to advise that a reply has now been received from Air Ministry.

This states that Missing Research and Enquiry Service recently conducted investigations into your son’s case, and it has been ascertained that your son’s plane crashed on the 23rd of june, 1943 at approx. 3.a.m. at oostrum. Mr Hendircks, a local farmer, stated that the plane was shot down by GeRman fighters, and that only one bodY was recOvered from the crash.

It would appear therefor that as all the remaining members of the crew, with the exception of Sgt. J.F.Blank RNZAF successfully baled out, and were later taken POW, that your son sacrificed his life in an endeavour to maintain his plane on a level keel in order to enable his crew to attempt a safe parachute jump.

The remains recovered from the crash, were buried in the Venlo Cemetery, Row 24, Grave no 344, and have been identified as those of your son. Sgt. J.F.Blank is thought to be buried in the Municipal cmetery at Oostrum. This will be confirmed during further investigations.

Air Ministry advise that arrangements are being made to re-inter your son’s remains in a British Military cemetery but in thje meantime have forwarded two photographs of your son’s present resting place in the Venlo Cemetery. Immediatly the task of re-interment is completed, you will be further advised.

I am fully aware of the distressing nature of thgis report Mrs McKenzi, but I am sure yiou would rather have all the information received by this Department.

Once again, on behalf of the Air Board I desire to express my deepest sympathy in your great loss.

Yours faithfully,

Air secretary..

——————————————————————————–

FLIGHT / CRASH HISTORICAL INFORMATION
(WITH SPECIAL THANKS TO CHRISTINE BOOGMANS)
Date of crash: 23rd June 1943
Time of crash: 02.10
Aircraft : Stirling Mk.III
Codes : BK810 AA-G
Squadron : 75 New Zealand
Base : Mepal, Cambridgeshire
Crashed in/near:Oostrum and Geijsteren in the wood “De Hoogerheide” alongside the road.
Crash due to: Night-fighter Hptm. Wilhem Herget 1./III/NJG1
Cemetery : Nijmegen (Jonkerbos) War Cemetery / Reichswald Forest War Cemetery (Germany)
Take-off : 23.47
Target :Mülheim
Remarks:
McKenzie was initially buried at Venlo. Broadmead initially evaded capture but was caught in Apeldoorn. Lagebericht: Am 23.6.1943 02.10 Uhr Abschuss eines Feindflugzeuges unbekannten Musters bei Oostrum, 1 km ostwärts Venray, durch Nachtjäger; Schicksal der Besatzung unbekannt.
Shot down by a combination of flak and a night-fighter. 3 Group.
Killed:
P/O. Francis Max MCKENZIE, 26, Pilot, 41344, RNZAF
Jonkerbos War Cemetery: Grave 11.H.7

F/Sgt. John Frederick BLANK, 20, Ab, 422175, RNZAF
Riechswald War Cemetery :Grave 31.D.10

Prisoners:
Sgt. A.E. WEST, Nav, 421947, RNZAF. POWnr. 359, camp 357. Promoted to F/Sgt.
Sgt. E.W. MCGONIGAL, Rg, 421329, RNZAF. POWnr. 334, camp 357. Promoted to W/O.
Sgt. R.A.W. TRIPTREE, Fe, 1323983, RAF. POWnr. 359, camp 357. Promoted to F/Sgt.
Sgt. J.R.G. CHRYSTAL, Mug, 520430, RAF. POWnr.95, camp L6. Promoted to F/Sgt.
Sgt. B.H. BROADHEAD, Wop, 415986, RNZAF. POWnr. 222488, camp 4B.Promoted to W/O.

(POWcamp 4B = Mühlber (Elbe). POWcamp L6 = Stalag Luft 6 – Heydekrug.)
(POWcamp 357 = Kopernikus. Policereport. ORB)

BK817 AA B Stirling III Delivered 2-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
Flown at one point by A Flight Commander so ‘AA’? Shot down target Dusseldorf 11.6.43; crew killed, except 1 POW.
“S/L R.H. Laud
Sgt. J.H. Russell
Sgt. A.R. Waite
Sgt. H.S. McQuade
Sgt. H.S. Mulholland
F/S T. Whatmough
Sgt. F.J. Hawkins
Sgt. M.K. Matthews”
t/o 2348 Newmarket. Shot down by a night-fighter (Oblt Wilhelm Telge, Stab,II/NJG1) and crashed 0135 at Frodtheir (Liege), 10km N of Verviers, Belgium. Those who died are buried in Heverlee War Cemetery. S/L Laud hailed from Campbells’s Bay in New Zealand and had joined the Royal Air Force just prior to the outbreak of war.
From Chorley
EE878 AA P Stirling III Also coded P from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Berlin 31.8.43; crew killed except 4 POW. Codes from Simon Sommerville site.
“P/O D.C. Henley
Sgt. L.P. Parsons
F/O C.A. Watson
F/S I.H.R Smith
Sgt. R.N. Quelch
Sgt. D.C. Box
Sgt. J.S. Grant”
t/o 2031 Mepal. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at Ahrbruck, 12 km SW of Ahrweiler. Those who died were buried on 4th September at Mayschoss, since their remains have been taken to Rheinberg War Cemetery.
From Chorley.
EE881 JN G Stirling III Delivered 16-6-43 from RAF at Newmarket. “G” from Combat Report 31.8/1.9.43 Logan crew attacked by Me.109, claimed as damaged, target Berlin. Codes from ‘The Stirling Story’ – MJF Bowyer. To 1657CU.
EE886 AA L Stirling III Landed with flat tyre at Oakington on return from target Aachen 13.7.43; u/c collapsed and acft overturned, crew all injured, except MU killed and RG safe.
“F/O E.C. Eddy
Sgt. P Hartstein
Sgt. H. Waring
P/O A.W. Lane
F/S H. Hurt
Sgt. H. Burgeois
Sgt. E.C. Viccars
F/S H. Lucas”
t/o 0110 Mepal. On return the crew landed 0435 at Oakington, but a flat tyre caused the undercarriage to collapse and before coming to a halt the Stirling over turned. Sgt. Viccars is buried in Southend-on-Sea (Sutton Road) Cemetery.
Codes AA-L from Chorley.
EE890 AA L Stirling III Delivered 24-6-43, also coded L from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Hamburg 24.7.43; 3 POW and 4 killed.
“W/O H. Nichol
Sgt. C.E. Radford
F/S A.J. Robinson
P/O E.J. Mansell
Sgt. W.H. Garvin
Sgt. H.S. Norrington
F/S B.L. Cooksey”
t/o 2204 Mepal. Shot down by night-fighter (Fw Meissner, II./NJG3) crashed at Neumunster. Sgt. Norrington is buried in Hamburg Cemetery, Ohlsdorf; the others who died have no known graves.
Code AA from Chorley.
EE891 AA Q Stirling III Delivered 14-6-43, also coded Q from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down mining Gironde Estuary 115.8.43; crew killed. AA as flown by A.Alexander.
“F/S N.B. Whitta
Sgt. F.D. Mason
F/O J.G. Turnbull
F/S M. Costello
Sgt. R.F. Andrews
Sgt. R.G. Crisp
Sgt. J.E. Lovewell”
t/o 2409 Mepal to plant mines in the Gironde estuary. Presumed lost over the sea. Three rest in Olonne-sur-Mer Communal Cemetery. F/S Costello RCAF is buried in la sables-d’Olonne (la Chaume) New Communal Cemetery, while F/O Turnbull RNZAF and Sgt. Lovewell are perpetuated by the Runnymede Memorial.
From Chorley.
EE892 AA F Stirling III Delivered 6-6-43, also coded F from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Essen 25.7.43; crew killed.
“Sgt. M.H.C Ashdown
Sgt. R. Broadley
Sgt. R.K. Harrold
Sgt. R.W. Threadgold
Sgt. E.C. Denyer
Sgt. A Cleveland
Sgt. H.C. Dawson”
t/o 2239 Mepal. Came down in the sea off Southwold, Suffolk, while returning to base. Eye witnesses report the Stirling as being on fire before it struck the water. Four bodies were picked up by the Aldeburgh lifeboat; Sgt. Dawson RCAF is buried in Scottow Cemetery; the others were taken back to their home towns. Three, Sgt. Harrold, Sgt. Threadgold and Sgt. Cleveland RCAF, are commorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
Code AA from Chorley.
EE893 JN N Stirling III Delivered 14-6-43,also coded N from RAF at Newmarket.
N from https://75nzsquadron.wordpress.com/2843-attack-against-targets-at-hamburg/. “N” from Combat Report 31.8/1.9.43 (recorded as EE898 in the Form 540) Wilkinson crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as damaged, target Berlin. Same crew shot down target Mannheim 5.9.43; crew killed except 3 POW. Airborne from Mepal 1959 5Sep43. Cause of loss not established. Crashed at Schwanheim. Those killed were buried at Schwanheim. They are now interred in the Rheinberg War Cemetery.
P/O E.S.Wilkinson RNZAF KIA
Sgt T.Whatley KIA
F/S G.N.Simes RNZAF PoW
F/S N.G.R.Treacher RNZAF PoW
Sgt J.J.Waterman KIA
Sgt E.S.Robson PoW
F/S G.S.Wilkinson KIA
Sgt E.S.Robson was interned in Camp 4B, PoW No.222770 with F/S N.G.R.Teacher, PoW No.222848. F/S G.N.Simes in Camp 357, PoW No.43282.
Code JN from Chorley.
EE897 AA G Stirling III Delivered 24-6-43, also coded G from RAF at Newmarket.
“AA-G” from Combat Report 27/28.7.43 Roberts crew attacked by JU.88, claimed as damaged, target Hamburg. 20 ops completed before lost w/o trace mining Baltic Sea, Kattegut area 3/4.11.43. According to Jack Richardson, that night, prior to take-off, Alf Dance wrote ‘Dance man Dance’ on the tail plane. Norman Wilson being a disciplinarian insisted it was cleaned off with a rag given by ground crew – the crew then boarded in less than cheerfull mood. They never returned…. apparently Ray Stratton’s mother never accepted his loss and every time she went out she left the key in the back door so he could get in.F/O Norman Clarence Bruce Wilson RNZAF NZ417139. Pilot. (Commemorated on Panel 198 Runnymede Memorial.)
F/O Thomas Lodge RNZAF NZ417284. Navigator. (Commemorated on Panel 197 Runnymede Memorial.)
P/O Alfred Thomas Dance RNZAF NZ42495. Air Bomber. (Commemorated on Panel 197 Runnymede Memorial.)
F/S Ronald Carlton RAFVR 644136.Wireless Operator. (Commemorated on Panel 135 Runnymede Memorial.)
Sgt. Raymond Walter John Stratton RAFVR 1166593. Flight Engineer. (Commemorated on Panel 166. Runnymede Memorial.)
Sgt. Leonard Charles Gaskins RAFVR 1392668. Mid Upper Gunner. (Commemorated on Panel 150 Runnymede Memorial.)
Sgt. Arnold Goodrick Fawcett RNZAF NZ422698. Rear Gunner. (Commemorated on Panel 198 Runnymede Memorial.)

Code ‘G’ in FYTomorrow and Simon Sommerville site. Data and ‘C’ from Chorley- meant to be ‘G’?

EE898 AA D Stirling III Delivered 13-6-43, also coded D from RAF at Newmarket.
“AA-D” from Combat Report 29/30.7.43 (Form 541 says EE893) Duncan crew attacked by JU.88, claimed as damaged, target Hamburg. Destroyed and also damaged 2 acft target Hamburg 31.7.43. To 1651CU. From ‘The Stirling Story’ – MJF Bowyer – ‘D’. AA from ORBs.
EE915 AA X Stirling III Coded AA-X from Bomber Command database. “X?” from Combat Report 24/25.7.43 Fear crew attacked by Ju.88, target Hamburg. “X” from Combat Report 29/30.7.43 Darney crew attacked by unid e/a, target Hamburg. Shot down target Remscheid 30/31.7.43; crew killed.
EE918 AA D Stirling III Shot down target Berlin 31.8.43; crew killed except 1 POW. Codes from Simon Sommerville site.
“F/S E.J. Roberts
Sgt. E. Saunders
F/O R.G. Rainford
P/O J.C. Giles
F/S K.C. Jackson
P/O J.H. Haydon
F/S D.L.C. Haub”
“t/o 2019 Mepal. Crashed at Derental, 10km SSE of Hoxter, where those who died were first laid to rest. Their graves are now in Hannover War Cemetery.Dianne (Daughter of Jack Haydon, the sole survivor of the crew) supplied the following regards the events of that tragic night;

On the night of 31 August, 1943 he was mid-upper gunner in Stirling Mk.111 EE918 AA-D and was returning home, having dropped bombs on Berlin, when the aircraft was hit by enemy fire. The aircraft sustained damage but continued to fly for possibly 10 – 15 minutes. Eric, the pilot radioed Jack (as mid upper gunner he was the closest to the rear gun turret) and requested that he go back and check on Darcy (rear gunner) because he had heard nothing from him since the attack. Jack discovered that he was dead and was returning to his position when there was an explosion which broke the plane into two pieces.

Jack, the only member of the crew not in his position, was not in his harness and therefore fell out of the plane which went down with the rest of the crew all still harnessed in. Upon landing, Jack only suffered a badly injured foot, which caused him trouble for the rest of his life. He began walking to habitation, where he was captured.”
Also: Incredibly, on returning home I received an email from Dianne about her father, Jack Haydon – who had been involved in the escape from Stalag Luft III. My initial excitement about the contact was increased when it dawned on me later that Jack was the sole survivor of the Roberts crew, who were lost on the night of the 31st August on the Berlin Raid. My interest in this crew has existed since the early days of my research when I discovered through the Squadron ORB’s that the crew had arrived at Mepal with my father and his crew from 1651 Conversion Unit. My initial investigations had led me to pictures of some of the Roberts crew, but at the time I had not been able to find anything about Jack – including his Christian name. It shames me to admit that with the time involved processing information on the other aircrews that was being sent to me that even when I received the Squadron Nominal Roll from Stewart, I didn’t think to look for Jack in the Roll.

In a return mail to Dianne, I included a group picture including dad from 1651 – I had already identified Eric Roberts, the Wireless Operator Kensington Jackson and Darcy Haub, the Rear Gunner. Dianne was unable to identify Jack in the image – but I am confident we will find him.

The Roberts Crew were;
F/Sgt Eric John Roberts RNZAF NZ417107. Pilot .
Died Tuesday 31st August 1943, age 25, during a raid on Berlin. Buried Hanover War Cemetery Germany.
24.7.43 first 2nd Dickie flight with the Whitehead crew – Hamburg.
25.7.43 second 2nd Dickie flight with the Baile crew – Essen.

F/O. Robert Gorman Rainford RAFVR 134553. Navigator.
Died Tuesday 31st August 1943, age 28, during a raid on Berlin. Buried Hanover War Cemetery Germany.

Plt Off John Cecil Giles RAFVR 138329. Air Bomber.
Died Tuesday 31st August 1943, age 19, during a raid on Berlin. Buried Hanover War Cemetery, Germany.

F/Sgt Kensington Campbell Jackson RNZAF NZ 42330. Wireless Operator.
Died Tuesday 31st August 1943, age 23, during a raid on Berlin. Buried Hanover War Cemetery, Germany.

Sgt Eric Saunders RAFVR 1605321. Flight Engineer.
Died Tuesday 31st August 1943 , age 20, during a raid on Berlin. Buried Hanover War Cemetery Germany.

F/O Jack Henry Haydon RAAF AUS.408400. Mid Upper Gunner.
Shot down night of 31st Aug 1943 during a raid on Berlin, the sole survivor of a crew of seven. PoW # 2366. PoW camps – Dulag Luft, Stalag Luft III. Safe UK NK.

F/Sgt Darcy Leslie Conrad Haub RNZAF NZ42326. Rear Gunner.
Died Wednesday 31st September 1943, age 23, during a raid on Berlin. Buried Hanover War Cemetery, Germany.

Roberts crew Operational History;
27.7.43 Hamburg EE897 AA-G
29.7.43 Hamburg EH880 AA-J
2.8.43 Hamburg BF518 AA-E
6.8.43 Mining in the Gironde Estuary EF461
16.8.43 Turin EF518
23.8.43 Berlin EE918 AA-D
27.8.43 Nuremburg EE918 AA-D
30.8.43 Munchen-Gladbach EE918 AA-D
31.8.43 Berlin Failed to Return. EE918 AA-D

Dianne sent the following regards the event of that tragic night;
On the night of 31 August, 1943 he was mid-upper gunner in Stirling Mk.111 EE918 AA-D and was returning home, having dropped bombs on Berlin, when the aircraft was hit by enemy fire. The aircraft sustained damage but continued to fly for possibly 10 – 15 minutes. Eric, the pilot radioed Jack (as mid upper gunner he was the closest to the rear gun turret) and requested that he go back and check on Darcy (rear gunner) because he had heard nothing from him since the attack. Jack discovered that he was dead and was returning to his position when there was an explosion which broke the plane into two pieces.

Jack, the only member of the crew not in his position, was not in his harness and therefore fell out of the plane which went down with the rest of the crew all still harnessed in. Upon landing, Jack only suffered a badly injured foot, which caused him trouble for the rest of his life. He began walking to habitation, where he was captured.

After being given medical treatment for his , Jack was now a Prisoner of War and was first moved to Dulag Luft.

Dulag Luft was the abbreviated name given to Prisoner of War (POW) transit camps for Air Force prisoners captured by Germany during the Second World War. Their main purpose was to act as collection and interrogation centres for newly captured aircrew, before being transferred in batches to the permanent camps. Dulag Luft derives from the German Durchgangslager der Luftwaffe (Transit Camp – Air Force). Several camps where set up throughout Germany and the occupied countries, however the main centre used throughout the war was at Oberursel near Frankfurt. A satellite camp at Wetzlar was set up later in the war to help cope with the large numbers of aircrew captured as the bombing campaign intensified against Germany. Allegations of interrogation under torture have been made by numerous POWs who passed through the camps.

EE938 AA X Stirling III Shot down target Berlin 23.8.43; crew killed.
“W/O T. Fear
Sgt. C. Munro
Sgt. B.H. Ruddy
Sgt. A. Bain
Sgt. D.G. Woolcott
Sgt. J.A.C. Holmes
Sgt. A Davidson”
t/o 2037 Mepal. Crashed at Mahlsdorf, 12km ESE of Berlin, where six lie in the city’s 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Sgt. Munro has no known grave.
Data and code AA from Chorley.
EE955 AA D Stirling III Shot down target Nuremberg 27.8.43; crew killed. Code from FYTomorrow.
“F/S F.D. Higham
Sgt. R. Renfrew
Sgt. J.R. Culshaw
F/S M. Bailey
F/S C.J. Bridger
Sgt. H. Jennings
Sgt. A. Clarke”
t/o 2130 Mepal. Crashed at Schwarzenau, 21km ENE of Wurzburg. All are buried in Durnbach War Cemetery. Their average age was 23.
Code AA from Chorley.
EE958 ?? V > A Stirling III “V” from Combat Report 31.8/1.9.43 Moseley crew attacked by unid t/e e/a, claimed as damaged, target Berlin. “V” from Combat Report 23/24.9.43 Moseley crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as damaged, Captain and M/U/Gnr wounded, target Mannheim. “A” from Combat Report 10/11.2.44 Herron crew attacked by JU.88, target La Rochelle. To 513, back to 75, then to 1653CU.
EF117 ?? ? Stirling III Not 75 sqn according to Stirling File; 620 Sqn. Not sure where this code has come from. However, also in RAF at Newmarket, serial only.
EF126 AA J Stirling III Codes/serial from RAF at Newmarket
EF130 JN M Stirling III “M” from Combat Report 2/3.9.43 Grubb crew attacked by two unid e/a, target mining Friesian Is.. Shot down target Frankfurt 4.10.43; crew killed.
“Sgt. H.J. Middleton
Sgt. E.F. Hudson
Sgt. C.J. Massie
Sgt. C. Pennycook
Sgt. L. Pow
Sgt. E. Thorpe
Sgt. T. Lackenby”
t/o 1850 Mepal. Crashed at Russelsheim. All are buried in Durnbach War Cemetery.
Data and code JN-M from Chorley.
EF135 JN W/T Stirling III Code JN-W from Bomber Command database. “T” from Combat Report 16/17.9.43 Mitchell crew attacked by another Stirling, target Modane. Made fast landing at Mepal on return from Hanover 28.9.43; flew along gaining height to 25′ in bad vis; cut throttles and stalled, u/c collapsed. To 4202M 10.43 (8 RS).
“P/O H.C. Williams
Sgt. C. Dickenson
F/S D. Dill
F/S A. Carson
Sgt. M. Williams
Sgt. W. Hemsley
F/S I. Kaye”
t/o 2005 Mepal. Returned to base in very poor visibility, landed at high speed and bounced back into the air. The Stirling commenced to float and the Pilot immediately closed the throttles. This action led to the bomber stalling 0135 into the ground., whereupon it was damaged beyond repair. No injuries reported. The airframe was later taken to No.8 Radio School as a ground instruction trainer, serial number 4202M. from information published in the Stirling File, it’s operational record stood at three sorties.
From Chorley.
EF137 AA E Stirling III “Y” from Combat Report 23/24.9.43 (recorded in the Form 541 as EF462) S/L Burley crew attacked by one unid s/e e/a, claimed as destroyed, and two unid t/e e/a, both claimed as damaged, target Mannheim. Different crew shot down mining Kiel Bay 23.4.44; crew killed.
EF142 AA C Stirling III Crashed 1 1/2 miles SW of Mepalwhilst going round at 300’on return to base from mining operation 24.10.43. Details from FYTomorrow.
“F/S J.R. Randle
Sgt. I.E. James
F/S P.M. East
Sgt. J.J. Purves
Sgt. W.R. Myhill
Sgt. W. Ramsay
Sgt. E.H. Blissett”
t/o 1744 Mepal. Overshot on return to base and while trying to go around again at 300 feet crashed SW of the airfield. The three RNZAF aiman are buried in cambridge City Cemetery while Sgt. Myhill lies in Acle (St. Edmund) Churchyard, Norfolk.
Data and code AA from Chorley.
EF148 AA R Stirling III “R” from Combat Report 27/28.9.43 Horgan crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as destroyed, target Hannover.   Different crew shot down target Berlin 22.11.43; crew killed.
“F/S J.C. Turner
Sgt. G.J. Blackman
F/O S.H. McKenzie
F/O W.G.S. Pagett
F/S J.L. Cowie
Sgt. R. McL More
Sgt. McGloin”
t/o 1713 Mepal. Crashed at Rulle, 7km NNE of Osnabruck. All rest in the Reichswald Forest Cemetery.
Data and code AA from Chorley.
EF152 ?? T Stirling III “T” from Combat Report 23/24.9.43 S/L Mitchell crew attacked by one unid e/a and one Fw.190, claimed as damaged, target Mannheim.   To 1653CU.
EF163 JN L Stirling III Crashed in bad vis upon return Bedingham’s (Biddington?) Farm, Sutton, Cambridgeshire. Crew killed except MU injured. One mine hung up which may have affected the CoG. Target was mining Frisians 16.12.43. Code from FYTomorrow.
“P/O C.J. Kinross
Sgt. R. Askew
F/O R.F. Jenkin
Sgt. R.H. Emmerson
Sgt. W. Savage
Sgt. S. Newman
Sgt. J. Warner”
t/o 1700 Mepal for mine laying operations off the Frisians. Crashed in bad visibility at Biddington Farm, Sutton Cambridgeshire. The three Commonwealth airmen rest in Cambridge city Cemetery. The cause of the crash may have been due to the aircraft’s centre of gravity being effected by a mice that had failed to release.
Data and code JN from Chorley.
EF181 JN ? Stirling III To 218 Sqn. Looks like an ‘N’ in photo.
EF200 ?? ? Stirling III To 513 sqn, 1660CU.
EF201 ?? ? Stirling III To 513 sqn, 1660CU.
EF205 ?? ? Stirling III To 513 sqn, 1660CU.
EF206 ?? ? Stirling III To 513 sqn, 1660CU.
EF207 ?? ? Stirling III To 218, 149 sqns, 1653CU.
EF211 ?? ? Stirling III To 513 sqn, 1660CU.
EF215 AA M Stirling III Shot down Special Operation Trainer 124 4.3.44; crew killed except 1 POW. Code from FYTomorrow, code AA from Bomber Command database.
EF217 ?? ? Stirling III From 622 sqn to 75 and then to 1653CU.
EF233 ?? ? Stirling III From 214 sqn to 75, the to 218, 149 sqns, 1657CU.
EF236 AA J Stirling III Code AA-J from Bomber Command database. Aileron control broke on way to Brest; overshot landing on short runway at Castle Combe, Wiltshire 14.3.44.
EF251 ?? ? Stirling III To 90 sqn, 1653CU.
EF254 ?? ? Stirling III To 90 sqn.
EF327 ?? ? Stirling I Delivered 28-1-43, to 149 Sqn 11-2-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
EF332 ?? ? Stirling I From 214, 149 sqn to 75 24-3-43, then to 1657CU 9-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
EF337 ?? ? Stirling I Delivered 1-2-43 from RAF at Newmarket. To 149 Sqn 25-2-43, 1657, 1655CU.
EF340 ?? Q Stirling I Delivered 24-3-43 from RAF at Newmarket. From 218, 149 Sqns.
Shot down mining Frisian Islands 5.5.43; crew killed.
EF398 AA A Stirling I Delivered 2-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Wuppertal 29.5.43; crew killed.
“F/O R.B. Vernazoni
Sgt. W. Bramwell
Sgt. O.A. Innes
F/O H. Tong
F/O C.H. Riddle
Sgt. A.R. Cardoo
Sgt. J.J. Chandler”
t/o 2332 Newmarket. Shot down by a night-fighter (Obit Manfred Meurer, I./NJG1) and crashed between vlodrop and Roermond (Limburg), Holland. Five have no known graves; Sgt. Cardoo and Sgt. Chandler lie in Jonkerbos War Cemetery, having been found in the temporary military cemetery at Venlo.
Code AA from Chorley.
EF399 AA O Stirling III From 15 Sqn. Shot down target Mulheim 22.6.43; crew killed.
“F/S K.A. Burbidge
Sgt. G. Lockey
F/S W.F. Wilcockson
F/S A.J. McEwin
F/S D.E. Martin
Sgt. G. Cameron
Sgt. K.F. Shaw”
t/o 2337 Newmarket. Last heard on W/T at 0225 indicating the Stirling had been badly damaged by flak. Soon after making this call, the bomber was intercepted by a noght-fighter (Hptm Egmont Prinz zur Lippe Weissenfeld, III./NJG1) and shot down at0247 near Markelo (Overijssel) 23km SW of Hengelo, Holland. All are buriedin Markelo General Cemetery.
Data and code AA from Chorley.
EF400 ?? ? Stirling III Delivered 23-5-43, to 149 Sqn 6-6-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
EF408 AA P Stirling III Delivered 21-5-43, also AA-P from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Mulheim 22.6.43; crew killed.
“F/S B.B. Wood
Sgt. S.L. Webb
F/S G.K. Samson
F/S S.R. Bisset
Sgt. E.H. Reader
Sgt. F. J. Hobbs
Sgt. C.B. Hemmings”
t/o 2340 Newmarket. Hit by flak and crashed near Gelsenkirchen, where all are buried in the Bismark Friedhof. Their graves are now in the Reichswald Forest War Cemetery.
Data and code AA from Chorley.
EF426 ?? W ? ? Serial and ‘W’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EF435 JN J > Y? Stirling III Delivered 12-6-43, also coded J from RAF at Newmarket. “JN-J” from Combat Report 27/28.7.43 White crew attacked by JU.88, target Hamburg. “J” from Combat Report 30/31.7.43 White crew attacked by unid t/e e/a, claimed as damaged, target Remscheid.
“Y” from Combat Report 5/6.9.43 (recorded as EF434 in the Form 541) Batger crew attacked by three Me.109s, one claimed as probably destroyed, target Mannheim. Destroyed ME109 target Mannheim 6.9.43? Hit by flak and fighter target Berlin 23.8.43; some crew baled out, RG killed, aircraft crash landed at base. “I am researching the Berlin Raid of 23/24 August 1943 and am trying to trace two UK airmen, F/S Cyril Allan Worledge [573978], the Flight Engineer, and F/O Timothy James Collins [199742], Mid-upper Gunner, who returned, with the pilot, to the 75 NZ Squadron base of Mepal on their severely damaged Stirling aircraft EF435 JN:J.
The three airmen were decorated. There are now unfortunately no surviving New Zealand crew members from the mission. They had baled out over Germany to become POW’s.
EF436 AA A Stirling III Code AA_A from Bomber Command database. Delivered 13-6-43from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down mining Frisian Islands 5.7.43; crew killed.
EF440 ?? ? Stirling III To 620 Sqn, 1653CU.
EF443 ?? M ? ? Serial and ‘M’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EF446 ?? O ? ? Serial and ‘O’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EF451 ?? ? Stirling III To 620 Sqn.
EF454 ?? A > C Stirling III “A” from Combat Report 31.8/1.9.43 Hartstein crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as damaged, target Berlin. “C” from Combat Report 6/7.1.44 Carey crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as damaged, target mining Gironde Est..   O 1657CU. ‘A’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EF456 ?? H Stirling III H’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.To 1657CU.
EF458 ?? ? Stirling III To 90 Sqn.
EF461 Mis-type of BF461
EF462 ?? M Stirling III “M” from Combat Report 8/9.10.43 Humphries crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as probably damaged, target Bremen.   To 218 Sqn, 1653CU.
EF464 ?? ? Stirling III Damaged JU88 target mining 7.1.43.
EF465 ?? H Stirling III “H” from Combat Report 27/28.9.43 Burton crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as destroyed, target Hannover. To 75, then to 513 sqn, back to 75 and then 1651, 1657CU.
EF466 AA H/K Stirling III Coded AA-H from RAF at Newmarket. From CRD, BDU, AAEE, 75 and to 1653CU. Code from ww2images.com
EF491 AA O Stirling III “O” from Combat Report 30/31.8.43 (recorded as BF491 in the Form 541) Batger crew attacked by unid e/a, target Munchen-Gladbach. Probable acft target Munchen-Gladbach 31.8.43.
“F/S H. Batger
Sgt. R. Dalkins
F/S G. Reade
Sgt. F. Stewart
Sgt. T. Nation
Sgt. C. Billington
Sgt. J. Manns”
t/o 2025 Mepal. Came under fire E of Osnabruck, believed from another Stirling, sustaining damage to the port outer engine. Turned for home and while over the North Sea fought off an attack from a ME110. Crash-landed at Coltishall airfield, Norfolk. No injuries reported.
Data and code AA-O from Chorley.
EF501 AA K Stirling III Probable ME110 target Munchen-Gladbach 31.8.43. Same crew shot down target Berlin 1.9.43; crew killed except 2 POW. Code AA from Simon Sommerville site.
“F/S S.A. McGregor
Sgt. G.A.A. Bond
F/O   J.B. Lovelock
F/S W.A. Kilby
F/S J.G. Baker
Sgt. G.F. Dummett
Sgt. T. Grange”
t/o 2023 Mepal. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at Potsdam. Those who died have no known graves.
Data from Chorley.
EF507 ?? P Stirling III “P” from Combat Report 27/28.9.43 Andrews crew attacked by unid t/e e/a, target Hannover. “P” from Combat Report 18/19.11.43   (recorded in Form 541 as EK507) Allen crew attacked by two unid s/e e/a, target Ludwigshaven. To 1332CU.
EF512 AA A Stirling III “AA-A” from Combat Report 18/19.11.43 Spiers crew attacked by Me.109, claimed as damaged, target Ludwigshaven. “A” from Combat Report 28/29.1.44 Baker crew attacked by Me.110, M/U/Gnr and F/E wounded, target mining Kiel Bay, crash landed at Coltishall. To 1661CU.
EF513 ?? E Stirling III To 75 and then to 1657CU. “E” from Combat Report 22/23.10.43 McKenzie crew attacked by unid e/a, target mining Friesian Is.. Code from Simon Sommerville site.
EF514 AA D Stirling III “D” and “A Flight” from Combat Report 10/11.11.43 McKenzie crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as damaged, target mining Gironde Est.. To 199 and then 1651CU.
EF515 AA F Stirling III Shot down target Hanover 27.9.43; 1 killed and 6 POW.
“Sgt. R.E. Martin
Sgt. C.A. Smith
Sgt. H.C. Dwight
Sgt. E. McKay
Sgt. W. Harries
Sgt. A.R. Bangs
Sgt. R.F. Summerhayes”
t/o 1942 Mepal. Crashed in the vicinity of Haverbeck-Hamelin. Sgt. Bangs lies in Hannover War Cemetery. Sgt. Smith died in captivity on 8th April 1944; he rests in Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Two others, Sgt. McKay RNZAF and Sgt. Summerhayes RNZAF, were repatriated on 6th February 1945, arriving at Liverpool aboard the Arundel Castle.
Data and code AA-F from Chorley.
EF915 AA X Stirling III “F/S J.N. Darney
F/L L.C. Dive-Robinson
F/S R.J. Stone
Sgt. R.C.G. Evans
Sgt. G.C. Davies
F/O P.S.A. St.Ledger
Sgt. T.J. Vercoe”
t/o 2234 Mepal. Lost without trace. All are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial. F/L Dive-Robinson was the Squadron’s Flight Engineer Leader.
Data and code AA-X from Chorley.
EF929 ?? ? Stirling III To 75 and then to 15 Sqn and 1661CU.
EF930 ?? ? Stirling III To 75 and then to 15, 199 Sqn and 1661CU.
EH877 JN C Stirling III Delivered 8-5-43, also coded C from RAF at Newmarket. “C” from Combat Report 23/24.8.43 Burley crew attacked by unid e/a, claimed as damaged, target Berlin. “JN-C” from Combat Report 5/6.9.43 Whitmore crew attacked by one Me.109, claimed as probably destroyed, and two unid s/e e/a, target Mannheim.
Destroyed an acft target 6.9.43. Same crew shot down target Hanover 27.9.43; 6 killed and 1 POW. Code from FYTomorrow, confirmed Code from Simon Sommerville site.
“P/O R.C. Whitmore
Sgt. J.B. Beresford
F/O D.M. Adamsom
Sgt. H. Munn
Sgt. F.C. Cowan
Sgt. F.J.C. Chesson
P/O T.H. Waerea”
t/o 1957 Mepal. Crashed at Sartedt Moor, 18 km SSE of Hannover, where those who died are buried in the War Cemetery.
Data from Chorley.
EH808 ?? ? ? ? Serial in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer. EH880?
EH880 AA D > J Stirling III Coded AA-L also from RAF at Newmarket. “D” from Combat Report 11/12.6.43 Whitehead crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as damaged, target Dusseldorf. Different crew damaged an acft target Turin 17.8.43. “J” from Combat Report 31.8/1.9.43 A. Alexander crew attacked by two Me.109s, one claimed as destroyed, one damaged, target Berlin. “J” from Combat Report 4/5.10.43 S/L Joll crew attacked by Me.109, claimed as possibly damaged, target Frankfurt. Crashed into house while attempting to land at Acklington 1.12.43; target was mining Denmark. Codes from S Sommerville. To 149 Sqn 14-5-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
EH881 AA Z Stirling III Delivered 15-6-43 from RAF at Newmarket.
Damaged ME109 target Berlin 1.9.43? Shot down target Wuppertal 29.5.43; 3 killed and 4 POW. A rare flying log book This is the book of 404079 Flight Sergeant Norman Alexander MacLeod 75 NZ Squadron. He was killed in action 30 May 1943 aged 26.MacLeod served as the rear gunner aboard Stirling III bomber EH881/Z. On the night of 29/30 May 1943, his was one of 719 aircraft to take part in a raid on Wuppertal, Germany. 36 planes were lost, including EH881, which crashed at Aachen, in the eastern district of Eilendorf. The flight engineer, navigator, air bomber, and wireless operator survived and were captured. The captain and both air gunners were buried in the local cemetery initially but later reinterred at Rheinberg. At the time of his death, MacLeod had logged 460 hours’ flight time but was only on his first operation.

The Captain was Flight Sgt J H R CAREY (killed). Crew were AB Sgt P G Knight (POW), Nav Sgt J L Roberts (POW), WOP Slight Sgt M Brady (POW), FE Sgt T Beaver (POW but repatriated), MU Flight Sgt W A Ownes (KIA), Rear Gunner Flight Sgt N A MacLeod (KIA).
“F/S J.H.R. Carey
Sgt. T. Beaver
Sgt. J.L. Roberts
Sgt. P.G. Knight
F/S M. Brady
F/S W.A Owens
Sgt. N.A. Macleod”
“t/o 2340 Newmarket. Crashed at Ellendorf, 5 km E from the centre of Aachen. Those who died lie in Rhineberg War Cemetery. Sgt. Beaver was leter repatriated, probably during 1944.
CHECK IN FOREVER STRONG TO SEE IF ADDITIONAL INFO REGARDING SGT. BEAVER.

It is an ironic and cruel twist of fate that this crew were essentially the complete (apart from F/S Owens) surviving members of the extended crew of BF398 AA-P, which crashed on the 16th May, just outside of Stoke-on-Trent. One must sumise that Leslie Wright, who was killed in the previous accident was taking this new crew on a training flight. the only other airman killed in that accident was Alan Francis, the crew’s rear gunner – for this op, he had been replaced by William Owens.”
Data and code AA from Chorley.

EH886 ?? J Stirling III Delivered 15-6-43 from RAF at Newmarket. “J” from Combat Report 12/13.8.43 (recorded in Form 541 as EH880) Wyatt crew attacked by unid e/a, claimed as damaged, target Turin.
EH889 AA Z Stirling III Delivered 15-6-43, also coded Z from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Mulheim 22.6.43; crew killed.
“F/L T.F. McCrorie
Sgt. E. Grainger
P/O W. Stuckey
Sgt. J.L. Richards
WO2 R.E Tod
WO2 R.D. Tod
Sgt. R.A. Kennedy”
t/o 2348 Newmarket. Shot down by a night-fighter (Obit Lthar Linke, IV./NJG1) and fell 0026 into the   Ijsselmeer. F/L McCrorie lies in Hemelumeroldeferd (Molkwerum) Protestant Curchyard; P/O Stuckey rests in Wonseradeel (Makkum) Protestant Churchyard and the Tod twins lie in Medemblik General Cemetery. Sgt. Kennedy is buried at Wieringermeer (Middenmeer) General Cemetery, while the others are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial. WO2 R.E. Tod’s award was gazetted on 7th May 1943.
Data and code AA-Z from Chorley.
EH901 JN O/R Stirling III Delivered 8-6-43, also coded O from RAF at Newmarket. O from Simon Somerville, https://75nzsquadron.wordpress.com/75nz-squadron-raf/. “O” from Combat Report 23/24.8.43 Wilkinson crew attacked by Ju.88, claimed as damaged, target Berlin. Different crew damaged an acft target Turin 17.8.43.
Damaged JU88 target Berlin 24.8.43. To 1657CU. ‘R’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer. JN-R from Arthur Bernard, rear Gunner with Alan Single’s crew.
EH902 AA K Stirling III Delivered 8-6-43, also coded K from RAF at Newmarket.
Shot down target Wuppertal 24.6.43; crew killed.
“P/O N.B. Bluck
Sgt. J.W. Gillard
F/S J.B. Cooksey
F/S G.W. Strong
Sgt. M. Kendlan
Sgt. D. Armitage
Sgt. L.R. Cant”
t/o 2323 Newmarket. Shot down, either by flak or by a night-fighter, crashed into the sea off Wissenkerke on the Dutch Island of Beveland. Four are buried in Vlissingen Northern Cemetery and three rest at Bergen op Zoom War Cemetery.
Data and code AA from Chorley.
EH905 AA R Stirling III Delivered 14-6-43, also coded R from RAF at Newmarket.
Hit by bombs from above on 1/9/1943 and crashed (according to German KE Report) near the Autobahn(Berlin ring road)at the crossroads of Ludwigsfelde and Vorwerk Genshagen.
The crew were as follows,
Sgt P/O G.V. Helm Pilot +
F/Sgt, J.G.A. Fisk B/A +
F/Sgt, D.M. Stewart Nav. +
Sgt. O. McCoo F/E +
Sgt.A.J. Bishop W/O +Sgt.G.T. Buglass M/ UG P.O.W
Sgt F.T.J. Harries T/G P.O.W
The 5 dead (+) were buried along with 7 crew from Stirling 111 EE879 OJ-G of 149 Sqdn and 5 crew from Lancaster ED 986 AR-JZ of 460 Sqdn at 22.30 hours on 3/9/1943 in the Russian P.O.W Cemetery at Ludwigsfelde Heide
The MRES investigation found the graves of the (17) deceased air crews on the east side outside the actual cemetery in sandy ground which had been levelled and there were no crosses or markings of any kind.Five “Coffins “with 5.3,2.2. and 4 bodies in them were located by prodding the sandy ground with poles.
t/o 2032 Mepal. Hit by bombs over the target and crashed at Ludwigsfields, 16km SE of Potsdam. Those who perished now rest in Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery – from Chorley.
EH908 ?? R ? ? Serial and ‘R’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EH928 AA M/A Stirling III Shot down by nightfighter, target Hamburg 2.8.43; crew killed. Code shown as ‘A’ in ForYTommorow’. Code AA-A from Bomber Command database.
“P/O C.P. Bailie
F/S J. Thomson
Sgt. W.H. Thomson
F/O W. Turner
Sgt. J. Isherwood
Sgt. E. Millward
Sgt. T. Purdie
Sgt. E.F. Hunting ”
t/o 2314 Mepal. Shot down by a night-fighter (Hptm Hans Joachim Jabs, IV./NJG1) and crashed into the sea off Terschelling. P/O Bailie is buried in Lemvig Cemetery, Denmark, his crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.
Data and code AA-A from Chorley. ‘A’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EH935 JN K Stirling III “K” from Combat Report 30/31.8.43 Logan crew attacked by Me.110, claimed as possibly destroyed, target Munchen-Gladbach. Different crew shot down target Mannheim 23.9.43; crew killed except 2 POW.
“F/O L.J. Kirkpatrick
Sgt. C.P. Ellins
F/O H.P. Sands
F/O W.R.A. Mason
Sgt. J.E. Hoey
Sgt. J. Elliott
F/S W.L. Jarvis”
t/o 1952 Mepal. Crashed between Edesheim and Knoringen, 9km S of Neustadt. Those who died lie in Rhineberg War Cemetery. Sgt. Elliot was repatriated on 6th February 1945, arriving home aboard the Arundel Castle.
Data and codes JN-K from Chorley.
EH936 JN W Stirling III Possibly ‘T’? Sgt H Williams and crew damaged 2 JU88s on Dortmund raid 24.5.43 in ‘T’, destroyed a FW190 in EH936 26.7.43 on Essen raid and apparently damaged an acft Bremen raid 9.10.43??. “?” from Combat Report 25/26.7.43 H. Williams crew attacked by unid s/e e/a, claimed as destroyed, then by unid t/e e/a, target Essen. Shot down target Mannheim 23.9.43; different crew killed.
“F/L G. Turner
F/O K. Albiston
Sgt. J.S. Thomson
Sgt. A.H. Cleghorn
F/O A.D. Howlett
Sgt. M.V. Bloxham
Sgt. R. Wilks
F/S C.F. McRae”
t/o 1926 Mepal. Crashed at dirmstein, 8 km NW of Frankenthal. All are buried in Rheinberg War Cemetery.
Data and codes JN from Chorley.
EH937 ?? S ? ? Serial and ‘S’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EH938 AA F Stirling III Shot down target Munchen-Gladbach 30.8.43; crew killed except 1 evaded.
“F/S V.T. Parkin
Sgt. T. Silcock
F/S T. Watters
Sgt. R.V.C. Johnson
Sgt.W. Horrigan
Sgt. R.F. Grove
Sgt. A.F. Saunders”
t/o 0019 Mepal. Crashed at Lommel (Limburg) Belgium. Funerals for those who died were held at St-Truiden; their graves are now in Heverlee War Cemetery.
Data and codes AA from Chorley.
EH939 JN J Stirling III To 90 Sqn and 1653CU. “J” from Combat Report 30/31.8.43 S/L Broadbent crew attacked by unid e/a, target Munchen-Gladbach. Confirmed JN-J from photo from Simon Sommerville site.
EH942 ?? ? Stirling III Not in Stirling File as 75 sqn.
EH944 ?? A ? ? Serial and ‘A’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
EH946 ?? ? Stirling III To 75 and then to 620 Sqn.
EH947 ?? ? Stirling III Control lost after outer engines failed at 600′ on return from special operation. Crashed at Hicklingham, Suffolk 11.4.44.
EH948 AA Q Stirling III Code AA-Q from Bomber Command database. “Q” from Combat Report 27/28.8.43 Phillips crew attacked by Ju.88, target Nuremburg. Shot down mining Kiel Bay 24.4.44; crew killed.
EH949 JN/AA P Stirling III Seen 2.3.43 ‘Bombing Colours’. To 75 sqn and then to 1651CU. Simon Somerville lists as ‘AA’. From ‘The Stirling Story’ – Michael JF Bowyer: ‘EH949, a standard MK.III, wore smooth mid-war finish, had Dull Red letters and the usual reduced number of fuselage windows aft. Assigned to 75(NZ) Squadron, Mepal, on 18 July 1943, it was recorded on the 20 August carrying the identity letters JN-P of 75 Squadron ‘C’ Flight. EH949 participated in some of the last Main Force raids, against Turin (16th) and subsequently Peenemunde (18th), Berlin (23rd and 31st), Monchengladbach (30th), Mannheim(5 september), Montlucon (15th), Modane (16th) and Hannover (22nd). “JN-P” from Combat Report 22/23.9.43 S/L Turner crew attacked by unid e/a, target Hannover. “JN-P/R?” from Combat Report 25/26.2.44 Willis crew attacked by five Ju.88s, target mining Baltic. When low flying on 4 december a propellor blade clipped a tree top and the aircraft landed back on three engines. Soon repaired, EH949 laid mines in Biscay on 16 December 1943. After more activity its final operation, against Aulnoye marshalling yards, was flown on 25 march 1944. Eh949 was assigned to 1651 HCU on 29 April upon which day, when taking off from Witchford, its port undercarriage leg collapsed and the aircraft was categorised AC. It returned to training service and then on 6 November 1944 was transferred to 1660 HCU. This active Stirling was struck off charge on 24 April 1945.
EH955 AA K Stirling III Code AA-K from Bomber Command database. Shot down by nightfighter over Denmark on return from mining Kiel Bay 23.4.44; 4 crew killed and 3 POW.
EJ108 AA O Stirling III “O” from Combat Report 4/5.11.43 Witting crew attacked by unid e/a, R/Gnr F/S Walter Hurdle killed, target mining Baltic. Photos of EJ108 with Witting crew (skyhawkdon, WONZ). To 75 and then to 1657CU. From website http://www.sweffling.freeserve.co.uk/glemham.htm… As a result of the above account appearing here I was contacted by Mrs Russell, from New Zealand, regarding her uncle F/Sgt Walter Hurdle. Prior to being on the strength on 1657 CU, the Stirling had been with 75(NZ) Sqn. It was at this time F/Sgt Hurdle had flown and died in EJ108. Posted to the squadron at Mepal on 8th September 1943, he became the Rear Gunner on F/O Eric Witting’s crew. All were novices, the others had only arrived at the sqn a few days earlier. New crews were often sent on mine laying, ‘gardening’, sorties, as they were regarded as safer for new crews to gain experience on. Their first was such a trip, in EE958, to the Gironde estuary, on 18th September. Together they also flew six operations in EJ108. Going twice to Hanover, once each to Kassel and Mannheim and on two more mine laying flights, both to the Kattegat. The second of these was on 4th November 1943, unable to lay the mines due to bad weather and cloud cover. As they returned they were attacked by a nightfighter, it made at least one pass during which the aircraft was badly damaged and F/Sgt Hurdle was killed. F/O Witting was able to regain control and returned to Mepal airfield, jettisoning the mines en-route.

Walter Hurdle was buried in Cambridge City Cemetery, here he remains one of 829 Commonwealth servicemen buried there.

EJ108 sustained extensive damage, the starboard flap was shot away, the port elevator was almost severed, the rear turret was badly damaged and large holes were left in the fuselage. She was repaired and returned to the squadron on 13th December 1943, but was not used on operations again until 27th January 1944. She flew a total of 26 operations with 75(NZ) Sqn before being posted to 1657 CU.

LJ441 ?? ? Stirling III To 75 and then to 1653CU.
LJ442 JN F Stirling III Shot down target Leverkusen 19.11.43; 2 evaded, 1 POW and 4 killed.
“F/S N.N. Parker
Sgt. S. Watkins
Sgt. R.E. Griffiths
F/S J.E. Hyde
P/O W.R. Kell
Sgt. W. Gilfillan
Sgt. M.I.R. Day”
t/o 1701 Mepal. Shot down by a night-fighter (Lt. Otto Fries, 5/NJG1) and crashed at Horrues (Hainaut), 4km NW of Soignies, Belgium. Those who died rest in Chievres Communal Cemetery.
From Chorley.
LJ453 AA K Stirling III From 15 Sqn. Shot down target Berlin 22.11.43; crew killed. Code from FYTomorrow.
“F/S A.R. Single
Sgt. I.G. Holbrook
F/O J. Brothwell
F/S J.E.S. Margetts
F/S E.R. Whittington
Sgt. V.S. Hughes
F/S A.G. Bernard”
t/o 1714 Mepal. Crashed between Gemmerich and Dolberg, 6km SSE of Ahlen. All lie in Rheinberg War Cemetery.
Data and codes AA from Chorley. Confirmed AA-K from Arthur Bernard, rear Gunner with Alan Single’s crew
LJ457 ?/ ? Stirling III To 75 and then to 1657CU.
LJ462 AA O Stirling III Coded AA from Bomber Command database. From 15 Sqn. “O” from Combat Report 19/20.11.43 (recorded in Form 541 as EH943) Horgan crew attacked by Fw.190, and Ju.88, the latter claimed as damaged,   target Leverkusen. Different crew shot down mining St. Nazaire 13.3.44; crew killed.
LJ473 AA R Stirling III Code AA-R from Bomber Command database. On overshoot at Mepal on return from mining N of Biarritz, swung into steep turn and had to belly-land 5.1.44.
LK378 ?? ? Stirling III RG lost over target when starboard tailplane, elevator and turret shot away by flak, target Kassel 3.10.43. Not in Stirling File but definitely on sqn as flown by S/L Gibb, S.Galloway on 30-12-43 and 29-2-44.
LK384 JN X Stirling III From ORBS, appears consistently with the Young crew. Through Simon, identified as JN-X and more interestingly, it had a name……

‘Our crew was allocated the Stirling bomber JN ‘X‘ for X-ray in ‘C‘ Flight with the logo, ‘ Excuse please Mr, I go, I come back’, a catch phrase taken from the radio show, Tommy Handley’s ‘lTMA’.’

MZ262 ?? K ? ? Serial and ‘K’ in ‘The Stirling Story – MJF Bowyer.
RAF at Newmarket = The Royal Air Force at Newmarket 1939 – 1947 (first and second editions) by John F Hamlin. Date?

8 thoughts on “Stirling (updated 10th November 2016)

  1. Charles and Maris Shutt(nee Bishop)

    EE 905 AA-R (AS LATER STATED) SHOULD READ EH 905 AA-R WHICH WAS HIT BY BOMBS FROM ABOVE ON 1/9/1943 AND CRASHED(according to German KE Report) near the Autobahn(Berlin ring road)at the crossroads of Ludwigsfelde and Vorwerk Genshagen.
    The crew were as follows,
    Sgt P/O G.V. Helm Pilot +
    F/Sgt, J.G.A. Fisk B/A +
    F/Sgt, D.M. Stewart Nav. +
    Sgt. O. McCoo F/E +
    Sgt.A.J. Bishop W/O +

    Sgt.G.T. Buglass M/ UG P.O.W
    Sgt F.T.J. Harries T/G P.O.W
    The 5 dead (+) were buried along with 7 crew from Stirling 111 EE879 OJ-G of 149 Sqdn and 5 crew from Lancaster ED 986 AR-JZ of 460 Sqdn
    at 22.30 hours on 3/9/1943 in the Russian P.O.W Cemetery at Ludwigsfelde Heide
    The MRES investigation found the graves of the (17) deceased air crews on the east side outside the actual cemetery in sandy ground which had been levelled and there were no crosses or markings of any kind.Five “Coffins “with 5.3,2.2. and 4 bodies in them were located by prodding the sandy ground with poles.

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  2. Simon Jocelyn

    Simon

    I have left a comment regarding ee897
    I see the aircraft listing was updated on 30th september i notice the crew listing for ee897 is incorrect can you shed any light
    regards

    simon

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  3. Lyn Vaughan

    Thank you for this information. In my 70th year, I am finally following up on my uncle, Alfred John Thomas, Pilot Officer on Stirlings who died over Germany on the night of 30/31 July 1943. I just put in the date his name and the town and there was all this information. I do have some additional information but also wonder if anyone else does too. I can email more at another time. Gratefully, Lyn

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  4. Richard Hladik

    I have a photo of Stirling 3 ‘The Bad Penny’ with code ‘J’ clearly visible on nose lying on its belly at Mepal – all propellers were turning at time of impact. Can anyone tell me about this incident.

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    1. 75nzsquadron Post author

      Hello Richard – obviously I would love to present the picture you speak of if you would like to share it with the readers of the blog – I believe the a/c in question may have been Stirling Mk.III EF435 JN-J – though I did not know it had the name of ‘Bad Penny’.

      From the Form 541 diary entry for the Berlin Op 23rd of August 1943:
      “The aircraft captained by F/Sgt. WHITE, O.H. whilst approaching the target area was coned by searchlights and repeatedly hit by heavy A.A. fire, sustaining considerable damage to port mainplane. He continued towards the target though still coned by searchlights and was then attacked by a JU88 sustaining hits in the rear of the fuselage which shattered the rear turret and killed Rear Gunner Sgt. Poole, J.. The aircraft was forced into an uncontrollable dive and the captain warned his crew ‘Prepare to abandon the aircraft’. Unfortunately, in the middle of this order the inter-communication failed, and the Navigator, Air Bomber and Wireless Operator abandoned the aircraft, due to the fact that they were unable to contact their Captain. F/Sgt. WHITE jettisoned his bomb load whilst in the dive directly over the target area, managed to regain control of the aircraft when height had been lost down to 6,000ft. The captain and two remaining members of the crew after taking stock of the damage decided to attempt the long and hazardous return journey to base. This they did successfully and made a perfect crash landing at base without lights, flaps or under carriage, as the electrical leads were shot away.”

      I hope this is of interest to you and I look forward to seeing the picture

      best

      Simon

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  5. Ian wasse

    Stirling R 9200 My dad Group Captain Michal wasse piloted this plane on 28 November 1943 with 7 crew and carried out low level attack on Fiat factory in Turin . Comment in log book “Stupid idea ! At that time he was in command at No 149 squadron Lakenheath.
    Then 13 January 1943 successful trip on Lorient submarine base before being posted to command 75 Squadron at Newmarket on 7 april 43

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